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Honda joins vehicle-to-grid technology demonstration project in partnership with University of Delaware and NRG Energy

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The Honda technology builds off of the research conducted by the University of Delaware and now supported by NRG Energy, Inc. Honda is supplying an Accord Plug-In Hybrid with added V2G capabilities to the University’s Science, Technology and Advanced Research (STAR) Campus jointly to investigate the potential of this technology to benefit the electrical grid, vehicle owners and society.

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

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Until then, however, these NO x and SO 2 emissions are a disadvantage of EVs in comparison with CNGVs. Consumption-based power mixes and NG transmission distances by Chinese province in 2010. Credit: ACS, Huo et al. Click to enlarge.

Rice University engineers reverse ubiquitous metabolic pathway to enable speedy microbial production of fuels, chemicals

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Comparison of n-alcohols synthesis via the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway (top) and the engineered reversal of the ?-oxidation oxidation cycle (bottom). Dellomonaco et al. Click to enlarge.

Steel industry unveils design tool for material comparison in automotive applications

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The Design Advisor software was developed by Dr. Don Malen of the University of Michigan’s College of Engineering to assist automotive decision makers in evaluating and selecting the material that best fits the requirements of a given application.

Team from Coskata, GM and Auburn University lays out a case for cellulosic ethanol

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Comparison of yields of ethanol vs other reduced products.

New UMTRI paper reviews major advantages and disadvantages of battery-electric and fuel-cell vehicles

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A new report from the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) reviews the major advantages and disadvantages associated with battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) and fuel-cell vehicles (FCVs).

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Plugless Power wireless electric vehicle charging systems installed With Hertz, Clemson University, and other Apollo partners

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Evatran has successfully completed the first three installations of its Plugless Power wireless electric vehicle (EV) charging technology with Apollo Launch partners The Hertz Corporation, Duke Energy, and the Clemson University International Center for Automotive Research (CU-ICAR). Driver feedback for the program ranges from system utilization to user interface to plug-in charging comparisons.

Colorado State University Forecasters Predict Above-Average 2010 Hurricane Season

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The Colorado State University forecast team predicts an above-average 2010 Atlantic basin hurricane season based on the premise that El Niño conditions will dissipate by this summer and that anomalously warm tropical Atlantic sea surface temperatures will persist. By comparison, 2009 witnessed tropical cyclone activity that was about 70% of the average season.

Rice University, Lockheed Martin researchers developing silicon thin films for cost-effective high-performance Li-ion battery anodes

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Comparison of discharge capacity and coulombic efficiency vs. cycle number for the freestanding MPSF and MPSF with pyrolyzed PAN composite during galvanostatic charge/discharge tested between 0.07-1.5V

Hanyang/BMW team develops high-energy density Li-ion battery with carbon-nanotube-Si composite anode and NCM concentration gradient cathode

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Researchers from Hanyang University in Korea and the BMW Group have developed a new fully operational, practical Li-ion rechargeable battery combining high energy density with excellent cycle life. Comparison of the CNT-Si/TSFCG against the currently developed LIBs.

2016 35

Researchers visualize lithiation of magnetite electrode in real time; hunting for new Li-ion electrode materials

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By comparison, conversion is much easier to see—there are no empty spaces to accommodate the lithium, so the lattice has no choice but to expand, actually breaking the electrode material in some cases.

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Renewable plastic precursor could reduce cost of cellulosic ethanol by >$2/gallon

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Comparison of costs and MSPs for the DHH pathway with the direct hydrogenolysis pathway.

2017 17

Study finds total PM10 emissions from EVs equal to those of modern ICEVs; role of weight and non-exhaust PM

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Comparison of the expected total emissions of PM10 for EVs, gasoline ICEVs and diesel ICEVs.

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CMU study suggests difficulties in reaching targeted low price points for Li-ion batteries

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Whitacre (2016) “Comparison between cylindrical and prismatic lithium-ion cell costs using a process based cost model,” Journal of Power Sources , Volume 340, Pages 273-281 doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.11.054.

2016 39

Toyota R&D study finds drivers show significantly more gray matter in brain regions than non-drivers

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The voxels in the left cerebellar hemisphere survived the multiple comparison correction.

2017 14

Former CEO of GM China Group Phil Murtaugh joins Pinnacle Engines board; first engines launch in Asia this year

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Murtaugh earned a bachelor’s degree from Kettering University and a master’s degree in industrial management from Stanford University. In a comparison study with Honda Fit, the standard equipment achieved 36 mpg and with Pinnacle’s technology the same automobile achieved 57 mpg.

Study shows viability of RCCI in a two-stroke engine; higher efficiency than direct-injection spark ignition

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A team at the Engine Research Center (ERC), University of Wisconsin-Madison has demonstrated the viability of reactivity-controlled compression ignition (RCCI) in a two-stroke engine. Earlier post.) A paper on their work is published in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering. RCCI is a dual-fuel combustion technology developed by Dr. Rolf Reitz and colleagues at the ERC.

Rice University researchers develop inexpensive silicon-based anode for Li-ion batteries with good capacity and cycle life

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Comparison of the discharge capacity and coulombic efficiency of MPSPs/PPAN anodes at various ratios versus cycle number. Researchers at Rice University have created an inexpensive silicon-based anode material for Li-ion batteries consisting of macroporous silicon particulates (MPSPs) created by crushing porous silicon films they had earlier developed. Thakur et al. Click to enlarge.

Argonne and Hanyang University Develop New High-Energy Cathode Material With Improved Thermal Stability; Good Fit for PHEV Applications

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Comparison of cycling performance of half cell based on bulk Li[Ni 0.64 The material has also demonstrated a very high-power capability, said Yank-Kook Sun, co-principle investigator and a professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Hanyang University. SEM of Li[Ni 0.64

NC State team develops new Si/C inverter; 12.1 kW/L & greater efficiency in a smaller, lighter package

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Researchers at the Future Renewable Electric Energy Distribution and Management (FREEDM) Systems Center at North Carolina State University have developed an inverter for hybrid and electric vehicles using off-the-shelf components made of the wide-bandgap semiconductor material silicon carbide (SiC).

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Michigan State University Receives $2.5M ARPA-E Award to Build Wave Disc Engine/Generator for Series Hybrid Applications

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Researchers from Michigan State University have been awarded $2.5 The WDG also can reduce carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 95 percent in comparison to modern internal combustion vehicle engines.

Ioxus introduces high-temperature ultracapacitors with Titan technology; targeting automotive and transport

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Ioxus draws a direct comparison to Maxwell’s DuraBlue technology, which cannot survive under the same conditions, Ioxus claims. Ioxus vs. Maxwell, comparison endurance testing 2.7V In 2013, a team from Rice University reported designing supercapacitor reliable at temperatures of up to 200 ?C

University of Wisconsin Team Develops High-Yielding Chemical Hydrolysis Process to Release Sugars from Biomass for Cellulosic Fuels and Chemicals

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A University of Wisconsin-Madison research team has developed a chemical process for the hydrolysis of biomass into sugars for subsequent processing into fuels and chemicals that delivers sugar yields approaching those of enzymatic hydrolysis. comparison to extant enzymatic and chemical processes to biomass hydrolysis, ours has several attractive features.

SAE REX: PHEVs and REEVs could open door for advanced combustion regime engines

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One example of the potential for low-temperature combustion (LTC) engine technology for range extended electric vehicles (REEV) presented at the Symposium was work by Ali Solouk and Assistant Professor Mahdi Shahbakhti at Michigan Technological University. This fuel economy improvement is reduced to 3% in comparison to a modern CI (i.e.

2016 35

New prelithiation technique for silicon monoxide anodes for high-performance batteries; compatible with current roll-to-roll manufacturing

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Comparison of the gravimetric energy densities for various full-cells.

University of Wisconsin Researchers Investigating Dual-Fuel (Gasoline and Diesel) Partially Premixed Combustion for High-Efficiency, Ultra-Low Emission Combustion; 53% Thermal Efficiency

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The University of Wisconsin concept proposes the use of dual fuel tanks, with port fuel injection of gasoline and direct injection of diesel, with the in-cylinder mixing of the fuels. The dual-fuel PCCI strategy showed thermal efficiency of 53%. Source: Rolf Reitz. Click to enlarge.

Faradion demonstrates proof-of-concept sodium-ion electric bike

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Oxford University was also a partner. Oxford University’s expertise has been used to maximize battery life and it is expected that as well as comparable performance, sodium-ion cells can offer a comparable lifetime to lithium-ion products.

U Toronto study measures GDI emissions in urban near-road environment

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In four campaigns over the year-long study, the team from the University of Toronto measured emissions 15 meters from the roadway, then converted the measurements to fuel-based emission factors (EFs). In comparison, average PN EFs from a PFI vehicle exhibited less spatial variability, with mean PN EFs 15 m from the roadway 17% lower than those measured 3 m from the roadway.

2016 26

UC Riverside reinforcement-learning-based real-time energy management system can improve PHEV efficiency by almost 12%

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering have demonstrated that a new, data-driven, reinforcement-learning-based, real-time energy management system (EMS) can improve the efficiency of current plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) by almost 12% compared to the standard, binary mode control strategy.

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Lux: future use of wide bandgap materials in power electronics will reduce EV cost

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The US Department of Energys Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors ( APEEM ) is spending $69 million this year and defining performance and cost targets; the Japanese government funds a joint industry and university R&D program that includes Toyota, Honda and Nissan. The goal of that project—which is providing a unique, direct comparison between inverter designs using SiC and GaN—is to reduce traction inverter size ( 13.4

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Ricardo: achieving light-duty diesel RDE NOx compliance in urban driving is possible, at a price

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The cost comparison is with respect to a Euro 5 baseline. The ADEPT project is led by Ricardo in partnership with CPT, Ford, EALABC, Faurecia, the University of Nottingham, RedDeer, and Provector, and is supported by Innovate UK.

UMTRI study finds US diesel vehicles generally have lower total cost of ownership than gasoline vehicles

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Diesel vehicles generally saved owners between $2,000 to $6,000 in total ownership costs during a three to five year period when compared to similar gasoline vehicles, according to data compiled by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI).

OSU team develops new aqueous lithium-iodine solar flow battery; 20% energy savings over Li-I batteries

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After debuting the first solar air battery—a photo-assisted charging Li-O 2 battery—last fall ( earlier post ), researchers at The Ohio State University led by Professor Yiying Wu have now developed a new system combining a solar cell and a battery into a single device.

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Stanford team develops new approach to overcoming capacity fading in Lithium-sulfur batteries

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b) Comparison of cycling performance at C/2 with and without the PVP modification. A team at Stanford University lef by Profesor Yi Cui has now identified a new capacity fading mechanism of the sulfur cathodes and developed a new approach to overcoming this mechanism.

U-Michigan, IBM collaborate on data-centric high performance computing system

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The University of Michigan is collaborating with IBM to develop and deliver “ data-centric ” supercomputing systems designed to increase the pace of scientific discovery in fields as diverse as aircraft and rocket engine design, cardiovascular disease treatment, materials physics, climate modeling and cosmology.

2016 27

Vertically aligned sulfur-graphene nanowall cathodes for Li-sulfur batteries deliver high capacity and rate performance

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A team at Beihang University in China has synthesized cathode materials for Li-sulfur batteries consisting of vertically aligned sulfur–graphene (S-G) nanowalls on electrically conductive substrates. 1 in comparison with S-G-2. (d)

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Antimony/carbon nanocomposite anode for Na-ion battery shows high capacity and stability

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Researchers at Wuhan University (China) have synthesized a Sb/C (antimony/carbon) nanocomposite for use as an anode material in a room-temperature sodium-ion (Na-ion) battery.

Univ of Utah studies find up to 27 seconds of mental distraction for drivers after using new hands-free technologies

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Potentially unsafe mental distractions for drivers can persist for as long as 27 seconds after dialing, changing music or sending a text using voice commands, according to a pair of new studies for the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety by University of Utah researchers.

NREL: battery second use offsets EV expense, improves grid stability; recommendations

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In comparison to automotive service, use in this application will entail relatively benign duty cycles, generally much less than one cycle per day with discharge durations of greater than one hour. To field test its analysis findings, NREL and DOE supported establishing the world’s first fully integrated energy storage system consisting of multiple heterogeneous reused vehicle batteries on the campus of project partner University of California – San Diego (UCSD).

2015 35

Rice team develops “antenna-reactor” plasmonic catalysts for increased energy savings and efficiency in catalytic processes

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Researchers at Rice University’s Laboratory for Nanophotonics (LANP), with colleagues at Princeton University, have developed a new method for uniting light-capturing photonic nanomaterials and high-efficiency metal catalysts, creating an “antenna-reactor” plasmonic catalyst.

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