Study: countries seeking to cut CO2 emissions must get a handle on city-level emissions

Green Car Congress

Countries seeking to meet Paris Agreement targets on CO 2 emissions must get a grip on the amount of pollution produced at city level, according to a new open-access study published in S cience Advances by an international team of researchers from Europe and China. China Emissions Policy

2018 98

California ARB: GHG emissions fell below 1990 levels for first time in 2016; down 13% from 2004 peak; transportation emissions up 2%

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) announced that greenhouse gas emissions in California in 2016 fell below 1990 levels for the first time since emissions peaked in 2004—a reduction roughly equivalent to taking 12 million cars off the road or saving 6 billion gallons of gasoline a year.

2018 101

Trending Sources

Ford hits CO2 manufacturing emissions reduction target of 30% per vehicle 8 years early

Green Car Congress

Ford Motor Company has met its goal to reduce manufacturing CO 2 emissions eight years ahead of schedule. The goal, set in 2010, aimed to reduce the company’s global carbon dioxide emissions from manufacturing operations by 30% per vehicle produced by 2025. The results are significant, with a global manufacturing CO 2 emissions reduction of more than 3.4 Ford also remains focused on reducing vehicle emissions. Emissions Manufacturing

2018 98

Marks & Spencer to lease Dearman zero-emission TRU

Green Car Congress

Dearman has launched a partnership with UK retail giant Marks & Spencer, as the retailer seeks to reduce carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions from its chilled deliveries. Dearman’s liquid nitrogen-powered engine ( earlier post ) is zero emission. Diesel Emissions Engines Vehicle Systems

2018 85

Satellite study suggests California clean air regulations working to reduce PM2.5 emissions in state

Green Car Congress

Emissions RegulationsScientists from Emory University, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the California Air Resources Board teamed to analyze satellite data to determine the 15-year trend of PM 2.5 pollution in the state. PM 2.5

2018 112

EEA: no improvements on average CO2 emissions from new cars registered in 2017 in Europe

Green Car Congress

According to the provisional data, the average CO 2 emissions of a new car sold in the EU rose by 0.4 Since 2010, when monitoring started under current EU legislation, official emissions have decreased by 22 g CO 2 /km (16 %). Emissions Europe Fuel Efficiency Market Background

2018 95

Steel LCA study: lightweighting with advanced high-strength steel produces lower GHG emissions than with aluminum

Green Car Congress

The study, “Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas and Energy Study of Automotive Lightweighting,” found that AHSS-intensive vehicles had lower or equivalent life cycle emissions than aluminum-intensive vehicles for every class of vehicles tested: sedans, trucks, SUVs and alternative power train vehicles.

2018 97

Studies highlight effects of different gasoline components on fuel economy, combustion and emissions

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Jilin University (China) have investigated the effect of gasoline components on fuel economy, combustion and emissions in a GDI (gasoline-direct-injection) engine. Medium-chain and long-chain alkanes could reduce CO and THC emissions, to some extent.

2018 90

Greyrock, NREL study determines reduction in GHG and criteria pollutant emissions from using synthetic fuels produced from flare gas

Green Car Congress

A “well-to-wheel” life cycle assessment (LCA) by a team from synthetic fuels producer Greyrock ( earlier post ), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has determined the potential reduction of greenhouse gases and criteria pollutant emissions from the use of synthetic fuels directly converted from flare gas. This blend was also found to reduce criteria air pollutant emissions by an average of 28%, 18%, 24% and 5.5% Criteria emissions could also be reduced by up to 23.3,

2018 65

ICCT assesses impact of EV battery manufacturing life-cycle emissions debt; policy implications

Green Car Congress

Analysts at the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) have reviewed recent research into the greenhouse gas emissions from the manufacturing of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles. Electric vehicle battery manufacturing emissions have been studied extensively. …

2018 90

KOHLER unveils new global emissions platform for KDI diesels

Green Car Congress

KOHLER has introduced a new global emissions platform for its award winning KOHLER Direct Injection (KDI) diesel engine line. Diesel Emissions Engines

2017 78

Study finds significant slowdown in decrease of NOx emissions in US; implications for air quality management

Green Car Congress

But top-down emission estimates using satellite measurements show that the decline has slowed significantly in recent years. We were surprised by the discrepancy between the estimates of emissions and the actual measurements of pollutants in the atmosphere.

2018 78

Study finds ethanol blending appears to reduce significantly genotoxic emissions from gasoline direct injection vehicles

Green Car Congress

CO emissions dropped by 81% and 87%, while CO 2 emissions were reduced by 13 and 17%. Emissions of selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were lowered by 67–96% with E10 and by 82–96% with E85, and the genotoxic potentials dropped by 72% and 83%, respectively.

2016 147

Report: Trump EPA plans to cancel California emissions waiver

Green Car Reports

The EPA is planning to cancel the special waiver that California has relied on since 1970 to set its own emissions standards, according to a Bloomberg report. emissions CO2 smog Corporate Average Fuel Economy air pollutionAs part of its plan to reverse a program to steadily tighten fuel economy standards that it coordinates with California and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the EPA has.

2018 68

ExxonMobil expands methane emissions reduction program

Green Car Congress

ExxonMobil announced an enhanced program to reduce methane emissions from its production and midstream facilities across the United States. The program prioritizes actions at sites operated by subsidiary XTO Energy and includes efforts to develop and deploy new, more efficient technologies to detect and reduce facility emissions. There is no one solution, and finding the next emission-reduction opportunities requires investment today. Climate Change Emissions Natural Gas Oi

2017 60

New Pierburg air blower with speed-controlled motor for reduction of gasoline engine emissions

Green Car Congress

Secondary air systems are used to reduce gasoline engine emissions by accelerating catalytic converter heat-up. Through the secondary air pump, the new air blower not only accelerates catalytic converter heat-up, it also lowers electric energy consumption and emissions.

2018 90

Colorado moves to follow California's low-emissions air-quality rules

Green Car Reports

Colorado has added its name to the list of 12 states that follow California's tighter emissions standards. emissionsChalk up one more state in California's column. Governor John Hickenlooper directed Colorado's Air Quality Control Commission to begin the legal process of bringing the state into the coalition of those that follow California's air quality.

2018 58

IIASA: removing fossil fuel subsidies will not reduce CO2 emissions as much as hoped

Green Car Congress

Removing fossil fuel subsidies would have only a small effect on CO 2 emissions and renewable energy use, according to a new study led by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and published in the journal Nature. Climate Change Emissions Fuels Policy

2018 90

Technical brief: transportation overtaking electricity generation as the largest source of US CO2 emissions

Green Car Congress

The average rate at which CO 2 is emitted from vehicle tailpipes and other mobile sources has exceeded the rate of CO 2 emissions from electric power plants over seven of the past eight months. CO 2 emissions from the transportation sector increased at an average rate of 1.8%

2016 129

Low-Emission Zone now operational in downtown Haifa; Israel’s first; initially targeting heavy diesels

Green Car Congress

Israel’s Ministry of Environmental Protection (MoEP) and Haifa Municipality have begun operating a low-emission zone (LEZ). The creation of a low-emission zone (LEZ) is part of a larger plan to reduce air pollution from transportation in Haifa.

2018 90

Jilin study shows coolant temperature in GDI engine at idle has critical effect on particulate number emissions

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Jilin University in China report in a papaer in the journal Fuel that coolant temperature in a gasoline direct-injection (GDI) engine under idle has a critical effect on particulate number (PN) emissions and that optimizing other operating parameters will further reduce PN emissions.

2018 90

Researchers measure actual CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use and compare to reported levels

Green Car Congress

Researchers have measured CO 2 emissions from fossil fuel use in California and compared them to reported emissions. This is the first time fossil fuel emissions have been independently checked for such a large area. The team of researchers, led by researchers from Imperial College London (ICL), developed a technique to estimate CO 2 emissions from fossil fuels using atmospheric measurements, then tested the technique over three months in California.

2018 73

Automakers make plea to 9 state governors to help boost electric, zero-emissions car sales

Green Car Reports

Seeking to kick-start electric car sales outside of California, the lobbying group that represents a dozen automakers said Monday that it sent letters to nine state governors urging them to help spur zero-emissions vehicle demand. California Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) Zero Emission Vehicle

2018 77

JATO: new car CO2 emissions rise for the first time in a decade in Europe; diesel down, gasoline up, SUVs up

Green Car Congress

Average CO 2 emissions generated by new cars in Europe increased during 2017—the first rise in 10 years— according to a new analysis by JATO Dynamics. Covering 23 European markets, the study found that average CO 2 emissions increased by 0.3

2018 110

Which states follow California's emission and zero-emission vehicle rules?

Green Car Reports

California leads the nation in policies that promote reductions of carbon emissions from road vehicles. It is unique in having a federal waiver that allows it to set its own, stricter emissions standards, along with a zero-emission vehicle mandate that requires automakers reaching certain sales volumes to sell a certain number of cars without. emissions zero emissions EPA California California Air Resources Board CARB transportation policy

2017 57

Study illustrates impact of ship emissions on Shanghai air quality

Green Car Congress

A multi-year quantitative study of the influence of ship emissions on urban air quality by a team from Fudan University found that ships could contribute 20–30% (2–7 μg/m 3 ) of the total PM 2.5 Recent studies have reported on ship emissions and their potential impacts in the YRD in China.

2016 90

US sues Fiat Chrysler over diesel emissions

Green Car Congress

The undisclosed engine management software results in increased NO x emissions from the vehicles, EPA said. Since then, FCA US has been working with the EPA and the California Air Resources Board (CARB), including extensive testing of the vehicles, to clarify issues related to the emissions control technology. Subject to the permission of EPA and CARB, FCA US intends to install the same modified emissions software in 2014-2016 MY Jeep Grand Cherokee and Ram 1500 diesel vehicles.

2017 60

Global Carbon Project: Low growth in global carbon emissions continues for third successive year

Green Car Congress

Global carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels did not grow in 2015 and are projected to rise only slightly in 2016, marking three years of almost no growth, according to researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Global Carbon Project. The EU’s CO 2 emissions went up 1.4%

2016 119

California ARB petitions US EPA for “Tier 5” stricter locomotive emissions standards

Green Car Congress

In an effort to accelerate the movement to zero- or near-zero emission locomotives, the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has petitioned the US EPA take action to adopt more stringent emission standards for locomotives. Emissions Engines Environmental Justice Health Rail

2017 104

Lightning Systems using predictive analytics to calculate vehicle fleet fuel consumption and tailpipe emissions

Green Car Congress

Engineers from Colorado-based Lightning Systems are using artificial neural networks to predict accurately the fuel economy and tailpipe emissions of fleet vehicles. A global developer of efficiency and emissions improvement solutions for fleets, Lightning Systems ( earlier post ) is deploying this form of artificial intelligence to make vehicle-fleet management predictions with high accuracy. percent, and predicted CO 2 , CO and NO x emissions with 97 to 100 percent accuracy.

2018 81

New phase of globalization could undermine efforts to reduce CO2 emissions

Green Car Congress

A new study finds that the growth of carbon production from Chinese exports has slowed or reversed, reflecting a “new phase of globalization” between developing countries that could undermine international efforts to reduce emissions. The study, involving researchers from the University of East Anglia (UEA) and colleagues in China and the United States, investigated how complex supply chains are distributing energy-intensive industries and their CO 2 emissions throughout the global South.

2018 65

Study finds global emissions of ethane and propane underestimated by more than 50%

Green Car Congress

This new study shows that global fossil fuel emissions of these hydrocarbons have been underestimated and are a factor of 2-3 times higher than previously thought. Accounting for these enhanced ethane and propane emissions results in simulated surface ozone concentrations that are 5–13% higher than previously assumed in some polluted regions in Asia. As for ethane and propane, geologic emissions of methane have been neglected in many model studies.

2018 76

European countries struggle to meet emission limits due to emissions from agriculture and transport

Green Car Congress

Eleven EU Member States breached air pollution ceilings in 2015 mostly due to high emissions from agricultural and transport sources, according to new data and a briefing released by the European Environment Agency (EEA). The briefing includes information on countries’ 2015 emissions and national ceilings for different pollutants. Member States recently reported the first information under the new EU National Emission Ceilings (NEC) Directive ( /2284/EU ).

2017 60

Study finds rising emissions of ozone-depleting CFC-11, banned by Montreal Protocol

Green Car Congress

Emissions of one of the chemicals most responsible for the Antarctic ozone hole are on the rise, despite an international treaty that required an end to its production in 2010, a new study by researchers at NOAA and their colleagues shows. The new study, published in Nature , documents an unexpected increase in emissions of this gas, likely from new, unreported production. However, that decrease is significantly slower than it would be without the new CFC emissions.

2018 65

Study suggests high-mileage light-duty fleets contribute higher emissions and emissions share than expected

Green Car Congress

A study by researchers from the University of Denver and the University of Puget Sound indicates that high-mileage light-duty fleets contribute higher emissions and emissions share than expected based on their actual numbers in the fleet. Emissions Fleets Fuel Efficiency Regulations

2016 78

Stanford Energy Modeling Forum project confirms carbon pricing can be effective way to curb GHG emissions

Green Car Congress

The EMF 32 project , which launched in 2014, is an ongoing modeling exercise intended to assess emissions, energy and economic outcomes from a plausible range of US policies to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs). In addition to the standard emphasis on the effects of such policies on emissions, energy prices and macroeconomic performance, the EMF 32 researchers are particularly interested in how fiscal decisions on revenue distribution might also affect these outcomes.

2018 75

California and 16 states sue EPA over emissions rules

Green Car Reports

California, along with 16 other states and the District of Columbia, have formally launched a long-anticipated lawsuit against EPA over its proposed rollback of emissions rules for 2022 through 2025, according to a new report in the Washington Post. emissions Fuel Economy

2018 63

Mayors of 12 major cities pledge to procure only zero-emission buses from 2025; major areas to be zero-emission by 2030

Green Car Congress

The mayors of London, Paris, Los Angeles, Copenhagen, Barcelona, Quito, Vancouver, Mexico City, Milan, Seattle, Auckland and Cape Town have pledged to procure only zero-emission buses from 2025 and ensure that a major area of their city is zero emission by 2030. Lead by example by procuring zero emission vehicles for city fleets. Collaborate with suppliers, fleet operators and businesses to accelerate the shift to zero emissions vehicles and reduce vehicle miles in cities.

2017 83

Federal-Mogul Powertrain introduces new piston ring for commercial vehicles; increased efficiency, lower emissions

Green Car Congress

This results in enhanced engine efficiency, increased robustness and lower emissions. Diesel Emissions Engines Fuel EfficiencyFederal-Mogul Powertrain has developed a new piston ring for use in commercial vehicle diesel engines that enhances gas sealing capability by stabilizing ring dynamic motion and homogenizing oil film.

2018 65

EIA: US energy-related CO2 emissions down 1.7% in 2016; carbon intensity of economy down 3.1%; transportation emissions up

Green Car Congress

US energy-related CO 2 emissions decreased by 89 million metric tons (MMmt), from 5,259 MMmt in 2015 to 5,170 MMmt in 2016. over that period, other factors contributing to energy-related CO 2 emissions more than offset the growth in GDP, leading to a 1.7% Emissions have declined in 6 out of the past 10 years, and energy‐related CO 2 emissions in 2016 were 823 MMmt (14%) below 2005 levels, according to the EIA. Climate Change Emissions

2017 60