Trump EPA: less enforcement of laws, more leeway for polluters

Green Car Reports

The same can be said for industrial polluters and environmental-law. Environmental emissions Politics EPA air pollution Donald TrumpIn grade school, students commonly ran through the halls when teachers or other school staff weren't looking. Signs forbidding the act of sprinting past lockers did little to deter the practice, since there was no incentive not to run unless someone present was enforcing the rule.

Cars now clean enough that household products rival them for air pollution

Green Car Reports

Today's cars emit less than 1 percent of the three "criteria" pollutants that came out of their tailpipes half a century ago. emissions EPA carbon dioxide air pollutionThe first major emission controls on motor vehicles were introduced in 1975 with the advent of the catalytic converter. They emit relatively so little carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and hydrocarbons that the collective.

2018 66

German court rules cities may ban older diesel vehicles to cut air pollution

Green Car Reports

After a week's delay in issuing its ruling, a German court decided that individual cities in the country may ban vehicles with diesel engines to reduce air pollution. Diesels emissions Germany Stuttgart nitrogen oxides smog air pollution Court CaseThat huge intake of breath you may have heard from across the Atlantic Ocean was the sound of German carmakers gasping at a court decision handed down on Tuesday.

2018 63

Photos reveal how polluted the U.S. was before EPA was founded

Green Car Reports

emissions government EPA History climate change regulation air pollutionIt can be argued that the current presidential administration appears to lack interest in the traditional mission of the Environmental Protection Agency. As a candidate, Donald Trump advocated wholesale repeal of environmental regulations and increased production of fossil fuels. He has also called climate science a "hoax" created by China to hurt.

2017 85

Study links PM2.5 pollution to increased risk of diabetes; even low levels pose risk

Green Car Congress

The open-access findings, published in the journal The Lancet Planetary Health , raise the possibility that reducing particulate pollution may lead to a drop in diabetes cases in heavily polluted countries such as India and less polluted ones such as the United States. The main drivers of diabetes include eating an unhealthy diet, having a sedentary lifestyle, and obesity, but the new research indicates the extent to which outdoor air pollution plays a role.

2018 85

Could an EU switch to on-road emission tests allow more pollution?

Green Car Reports

Europe emissions EU Fuel Economy air pollutionThe Volkswagen diesel scandal convinced European regulators to switch from laboratory emissions testing to tests that involve actual, on-road driving. This could prevent automakers from deploying "defeat device" software like the kind used by VW on laboratory tests, as well as produce results that more closely align with what consumers can expect.

2016 77

Study concludes environmental regulations drove steep declines in US factory pollution even with increased production

Green Car Congress

The federal Clean Air Act and associated environmental regulations have driven steep declines in air pollution emissions over the past several decades, even as US manufacturers increased production, according to a study by two University of California, Berkeley, economists. In the 1960s and 1970s, people worried that Los Angeles, New York and other US cities would have unbearable air pollution levels by the end of the 20th century.

2018 60

Study associates in-utero exposure to PM2.5 pollution with higher blood pressure in childhood

Green Car Congress

air pollution during the third trimester of their mother’s pregnancy had a higher risk of elevated blood pressure in childhood, according to new research by a team led by researchers from Johns Hopkins University in the American Heart Association’s journal Hypertension. microns or less (PM 2.5 ) is a form of air pollution produced by motor vehicles and the burning of oil, coal and biomass, and has been shown to enter the circulatory system and negatively affect human health.

2018 89

Cruise ships start to come under scrutiny as massive pollution machines

Green Car Reports

Cruise ships regularly depart major ports with thousands of passengers onboard, and they are now being called out as major sources of pollution. emissions air pollution BoatsWhile increased pressure on carmakers to improve emissions continues, regulators and environmental groups are also scrutinizing over forms of transportation-related emissions.

2016 63

Study links PM2.5 pollution to heart damage

Green Car Congress

pollution to heart damage. People who were highly educated were less likely to have harmful effects on the heart from pollution. This could be due to a number of factors including better housing and workplace conditions, which reduce pollution exposure. Regarding how pollution might have these negative effects on the heart, Dr Aung said PM 2.5

2017 69

Study: consumer products overtake transportation as largest source of VOCs air pollution in cities

Green Car Congress

Thus, it is important to identify and quantify the most important human-produced sources of VOC emissions to effectively mitigate air pollution and improve human health, the authors said. Contributors to ambient air pollution in Los Angeles. (A

2018 117

New study suggests PM air pollution damages the kidneys

Green Car Congress

Studies have shown that air pollution can have negative effects on cardiovascular health and life expectancy. Information on the relationship between air pollution and kidney disease is very scarce. Air pollution levels were also assessed using space-borne sensors from NASA satellites.

2017 78

Study attributes significant amount of kidney disease globally to PM2.5 pollution

Green Car Congress

pollution is significant, according to an analysis presented at ASN (American Society of Nephrology) Kidney Week. The Global Burden of Kidney Disease Attributable to Air Pollution” (Abstract SA-OR056 ). The global toll of chronic kidney disease (CKD) attributable to PM 2.5

2017 113

DOE: highway vehicles responsible for a declining share of pollutants

Green Car Congress

Highway vehicles are responsible for a declining share of pollutants in the US, according to data gathered by the US Department of Energy (DOE). More than half of all carbon monoxide (CO) emissions in 2002 were from highway vehicles; by 2016 that fell to 30%.

2017 78

Study provides insight into mechanism of atmospheric new particle formation in polluted cities

Green Car Congress

de novo rather than as direct emissions—via nucleation and growth is a major source of aerosol pollution in terms of number concentration. In spite of a great deal of research, it is still a puzzle why and how such new particule formation (NPF) occurs in a highly polluted urban atmosphere. The formation of new atmospheric particulates—i.e.,

2018 69

Study concludes air pollution directly affects cognition

Green Car Congress

Results of new analysis conducted by German and Swiss researchers suggests that air pollution directly affects cognition and is not mediated by lung function; put another way, the two are independent risk factors for cognitive decline. Our findings disprove the hypothesis that air pollution first decreases lung function and this decline, in turn, causes cognitive impairment by releasing stress signals and humoral mediators into the body.

2015 84

Greyrock, NREL study determines reduction in GHG and criteria pollutant emissions from using synthetic fuels produced from flare gas

Green Car Congress

A “well-to-wheel” life cycle assessment (LCA) by a team from synthetic fuels producer Greyrock ( earlier post ), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has determined the potential reduction of greenhouse gases and criteria pollutant emissions from the use of synthetic fuels directly converted from flare gas. This blend was also found to reduce criteria air pollutant emissions by an average of 28%, 18%, 24% and 5.5%

2018 88

Air pollution exposure during fetal life linked to brain alterations and cognitive impairment in children

Green Car Congress

A new study performed in the Netherlands has linked exposure to residential air pollution during fetal life with brain abnormalities that may contribute to impaired cognitive function in school-age children. The study, published in Biological Psychiatry , reports that the air pollution levels related to brain alterations were below those considered to be safe. Therefore, we cannot warrant the safety of the current levels of air pollution in our cities.

2018 80

Study shows two-stroke scooters dominant source of air pollution in many cities; asymmetric polluters

Green Car Congress

A study by European researchers has found that two-stroke (2S) scooters, although constituting a small fraction of the fleet, can dominate urban vehicular pollution through organic aerosol and aromatic emission factors up to thousands of times higher than from other vehicle classes.

2014 120

China's Air Pollution Is Bad, But India's Is Far, Far Worse

Green Car Reports

Discuss countries with the worst air pollution, and China typically rises to the top of the list like smoke from a chimney. Maybe it's the high-profile coverage of Beijing's smog-choked air, or the fact that China is now the world's largest new-car market, but either way the country is a poster child for pollution. emissions China India air pollution

2015 63

Lancet Commission report estimates pollution responsible for 9 million premature deaths globally in 2015; 16% of deaths

Green Car Congress

Pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and premature death in the world today, according to the newly released report detailing the adverse effects of pollution on global health by the The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. Pollution is costly.

2017 90

Crowdsourcing air pollution measurements: iSPEX-EU 2015

Green Car Congress

The current iSPEX-EU project, which runs until 15 October, is a scaled-up version of the original iSPEX-project that enlisted the general public to contribute to the understanding of air pollution.

2015 90

WUSTL study finds use of air conditioning reduces in-car pollution

Green Car Congress

Traffic is a major source of harmful pollutants; daily peak exposures tend to occur near roadways or while traveling—or being stuck—on them. That gave them rare, real-world look at pollutant exposure.

2017 90

WHO: 9 out of 10 people worldwide breathe polluted air; 7M deaths per year

Green Car Congress

New data from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that 9 out of 10 people breathe air containing high levels of pollutants. Updated estimations reveal a death toll of 7 million people every year caused by ambient (outdoor) and household air pollution. Air pollution threatens us all, but the poorest and most marginalized people bear the brunt of the burden. If we don’t take urgent action on air pollution, we will never come close to achieving sustainable development.

2018 60

UNICEF: 300M children worldwide breathing air exceeding WHO pollution guidelines by 6x or more

Green Car Congress

The report, “ Clear the Air for Children ”, uses satellite imagery to show that some 2 billion children live in areas where outdoor air pollution, caused by factors such as vehicle emissions, heavy use of fossil fuels, dust and burning of waste, exceeds WHO minimum air quality guidelines.

2016 107

Gasoline Car Test Drive: Noisy, Wasteful, Polluting, Fast But Pricey Refueling

Green Car Reports

Green Gasoline Humor air pollution emissions plug-in carsThe vast majority of drivers have never experienced an electric car, but what if it were the other way around? What if gasoline cars had only recently been introduced, and people weren't used to the sounds, smells, and other characteristics of a vibrating internal-combustion engine? Electric-car advocates tirelessly parry negative comments about.

2015 63

Imaging study: air pollution impairs function of blood vessels in lungs

Green Car Congress

Air pollution impairs the function of blood vessels in the lungs, according to a study of more than 16,000 patients presented at EuroEcho-Imaging 2016. The study examined the effect of air pollution on pulmonary haemodynamics (blood flow) in a population and in individuals. The authors examined whether any patient subgroups were more susceptible to the effects of air pollution. (A This suggests that pollution is more harmful to the lung circulation during exercise.

2016 91

University of Surrey launches global research center on air pollution

Green Car Congress

The University of Surrey is launching a new multi-disciplinary research center next week to tackle air pollution. The Air Quality Lab (AQL) is housed with advanced pollution monitoring instruments, and is part of GCARE. This aims to develop a methodology for integration of local urban scale pollution data into global/regional scale models for identifying pollution hotspots, and assessing health impacts.

2017 60

Smartphones and sensors as personal, real-time pollution monitors

Green Car Congress

Air pollution varies widely over the course of a day and by location, even within the same city. Now scientists, reporting in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology , have used smartphone and sensing technology better to pinpoint where and when pollution is at its worst.

Study links traffic-related pollution to risk of asthma in children

Green Car Congress

Chan School of Public Health suggests that long-term exposure to traffic-related pollution significantly increases the risk of pediatric asthma, especially in early childhood. While physicians have long known that smog and pollution can bring on an asthma attack among children and adults suffering from asthma, researchers remained uncertain about what role long-term exposure to certain pollutants might play in the development of the disease in children.

2018 60

Researchers use Google Street View cars for high-resolution air pollution mapping

Green Car Congress

demonstrated a measurement approach to for urban air pollution mapping at 4–5 orders of magnitude greater spatial precision than possible with current central-site ambient monitoring. Using our approach and analysis techniques, we can now visualize air pollution with incredible detail.

2017 85

Study finds modifying urban form may be a strategy to reduce air pollution

Green Car Congress

Based on their findings in a new study, researchers from the University of Washington and the University of Minnesota suggest that modifying urban form—as a means of affecting motor vehicle usage—may be a strategy to mitigate urban air pollution. They used satellite-based measurements of urban form and nitrogen dioxideO 2 (n) to explore relationships between urban form and air pollution for a global data set of 1,274 cities.

2017 81

China study connects ozone pollution to cardiovascular health

Green Car Congress

They monitored indoor and outdoor ozone levels, along with other pollutants. In contrast, only 31 million Americans live in counties where other pollutants exceed EPA standards. Ozone is a difficult pollutant to control because its creation in the atmosphere is complex.

Ozone 65

Study of 60M US seniors strengthens link between air pollution and premature death

Green Car Congress

They also estimated air pollution levels at each 1 kilometer grid for the entire US upon which the claims data could be overlaid and interpreted. The exposure prediction model leverages satellite-based measurements and a computer simulation of air pollution. This study shows that although we think air quality in the United States is good enough to protect our citizens, in fact we need to lower pollution levels even further.

2017 90

IARC: Outdoor air pollution carcinogenic to humans

Green Car Congress

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the specialized cancer agency of the World Health Organization (WHO), has classified outdoor air pollution as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). 161, Air Pollution and Cancer. After thoroughly reviewing the latest available scientific literature, the experts convened by the IARC Monographs Programme concluded that there is sufficient evidence that exposure to outdoor air pollution causes lung cancer (Group 1).

Large-scale study finds long-term exposure to air pollution linked to high blood pressure

Green Car Congress

Long-term exposure to air pollution is linked to a greater incidence of high blood pressure, according to the largest study to investigate the effects of both air pollution and traffic noise by following more than 41,000 people in five different countries for five to nine years. This study is one of the first to investigate both air pollution and traffic noise simultaneously and it found that traffic noise is associated with an increase in cases of hypertension as well.

2016 81

PM2.5 pollution linked to blood vessel damage in healthy young non-smoking adults

Green Car Congress

Fine particulate matter air pollution (PM 2.5 ) may be associated with blood vessel damage and inflammation among young, healthy adults, according to new research in Circulation Research , an American Heart Association journal. Air pollution is known to contribute to cardiovascular disease and related deaths. What remained unclear, however, was how air pollution actually affects the blood vessels to increase the risk of disease.

2016 88

California Air Resources Board posts revised draft of strategy to reduce “Super Pollutants”

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has posted a revised draft of California’s proposed Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Strategy. —“Revised Proposed Short-Lived Climate Pollutant Reduction Strategy”.

2016 104

DOE: despite 13% rise in VMT from 2002-2015, pollution down significantly

Green Car Congress

Despite an increase in vehicle miles traveled (VMT) of 13% from 2002 to 2015 (the latest year for which data are available), the total amount of airborne pollutants emitted from highway vehicles has declined considerably, according to the US Department of Energy (DOE).

2017 78

Study: air pollution may shorten telomeres in newbornsa sign of increased health risks

Green Car Congress

A study conducted before and after the 2004 closure of a coal-burning power plant in Tongliang, China, found that children born before the closure had shorter telomeres than those conceived and born after the plant stopped polluting the air. In babies born pre-closure, researchers found higher levels of PAH-DNA cord adducts, a biomarker for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, a toxic component of air pollution from coal plants.

2018 65