Researchers say world faces air pollution pandemic

Green Car Congress

Air pollution is responsible for shortening people’s lives worldwide on a scale far greater than wars and other forms of violence, parasitic and vector-born diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS and smoking, according to an open-access study published in Cardiovascular Research.

2020 351

PM2.5 pollution linked to higher glaucoma risk

Green Car Congress

Living in a more polluted area is associated with a greater likelihood of having glaucoma, a debilitating eye condition that can cause blindness, according to a new UCL-led study in the UK. We have found yet another reason why air pollution should be addressed as a public health priority, and that avoiding sources of air pollution could be worthwhile for eye health alongside other health concerns.

2019 214
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Severe drought influences ozone pollution

Green Car Congress

Drought conditions can have complicated effects on ozone air quality, so to better understand the process, researchers have analyzed data from two ozone-polluted cities before, during and after the California drought. Although ozone in the stratosphere protects the earth from ultraviolet radiation, at ground level the molecule is a harmful air pollutant to humans, animals and plants.

Ozone 184

NUS researcher links air pollution to increased residential electricity demand

Green Car Congress

A study conducted by Associate Professor Alberto Salvo from the Department of Economics at the National University of Singapore (NUS) Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences found that households respond to ambient air pollution by increasing electricity consumption, which in turn increases the carbon emissions that are co-produced in supplying the electricity. Besides electricity, the study found that households exposed to air pollution consumed more natural gas.

2020 229

EPA panel says air pollution not harmful

Green Car Reports

EPA air pollution Andrew WheelerIt isn't just global warming emissions that the EPA plans to deregulate. At a meeting last Thursday, a key air quality standards board at the agency cast doubt on longstanding findings that particulate matter—the microscopic particles spewing from diesel tailpipes—can cause health problems leading to premature deaths. In the absence of.

EVs won't completely solve LA air pollution issues, researchers suggest

Green Car Reports

Los Angeles' infamous smog problems made it the frontline in a successful war on tailpipe emissions, but even a full switch to electric cars may not completely eliminate air pollution in the city, a new UC Berkeley study suggests.

Emissions Analytics finds pollution from tire wear can be 1,000x worse than exhaust emissions

Green Car Congress

Pollution from tire wear can be 1,000 times worse than a car’s exhaust emissions, Emissions Analytics has found.

2020 400

EPA dissolves boards of pollution scientists

Green Car Reports

Under acting administrator Andrew Wheeler, a former coal-industry lobbyist, analyzing those pollutants will be left to the EPA's internal Clean Air Scientific Advisory. emissions EPA air pollutionThe EPA has dismissed two panels of outside scientists that advised the agency on particulate matter and ground-level ozone, which have been linked to smog and respiratory problems.

2018 111

New analysis suggests Uber adding significantly to pollution and traffic in European cities

Green Car Congress

Uber is adding more polluting car trips to already-clogged European cities such as London and Paris, new analysis by European NGOs suggests —contributing to air pollution and climate change and exploding the company’s sustainability claims.

2019 393

More power, less pollution

Electric Auto Association

The utilities industry sees a significant drop in carbon emissions. Steve Noctor of It’s Electric posts about the long-term trends of renewable and cleaner burning sources of energy and how they are responsible for the increasingly cleaner U.S. utilities industry. Electric Vehicles Current Events

Study demonstrates association between personal exposure to air pollution and vascular damage

Green Car Congress

A study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), a center supported by the “la Caixa” Foundation, contributes new evidence about the negative impact of air pollution on cardiovascular health.

2020 292

Researchers find air pollution impacts the health of wild pollinators

Green Car Congress

In some of the first research to try to address the physiological and molecular impacts of air pollution on wild plants and animals, scientists from the Bangalore Life Science Cluster in India report that air pollution could be devastating for organisms we rely on most for our own survival—like the honey bee. Perhaps most strikingly, the researchers found more than 80% of the bees collected from the moderate and highly polluted sites died within 24 hours.

2020 179

New study puts air-pollution related deaths in India in 2019 at 1.67 million

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Air pollution in India resulted 1.67 million deaths in 2019—the largest pollution-related death toll in any country in the world—and also accounted for $36.8 billion (US) in economic losses, according to a new study led by researchers from the Global Observatory on Pollution and Health at Boston College, the Indian Council of Medical Research, and the Public Health Foundation of India. The 2019 death toll attributed to air pollution in India accounted for 17.8%

2020 170

AQLI: new data reveals little progress globally in reducing air pollution over the last two decades

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Particulate air pollution continues to cut global life expectancy by nearly two years as progress in some countries counterbalances worsening air quality in others, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI). China began a “war against pollution” in 2013.

2020 222

Harvard/Nanjing study: China’s war on PM2.5 pollution is causing more severe ozone pollution

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In early 2013, the Chinese government declared a war on air pollution and began instituting stringent policies to regulate the emissions of PM 2.5. pollution is falling, harmful ground-level ozone pollution is on the rise, especially in large cities. The researchers from SEAS and NUIST found that particulate matter acts like a sponge for the radicals needed to generate ozone pollution, sucking them up and preventing them from producing ozone.

2019 221

Study finds half of the world’s population exposed to increasing air pollution

Green Car Congress

A team of researchers, led by Professor Gavin Shaddick at the University of Exeter, has shown that, despite global efforts to improve air quality, half of the world’s population is exposed to increasing air pollution. 2020) Half the world’s population are exposed to increasing air pollution.

2020 232

York study: Less traffic in first UK lockdown reduced NO2 pollution but caused increase in surface ozone

Green Car Congress

Less traffic on the roads during the first COVID-19 lockdown in the UK led to a reduction in air pollution but may have caused potentially damaging surface ozone levels to rise, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of York.

2020 292

NYC taxi mpg requirements also cut pollution, study confirms

Green Car Reports

New York City's efforts a decade ago to clean up pollution from old taxi models has worked—mostly—a new study shows. air pollution TaxisThe study, by researchers at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health (in New York) and Drexel University, and published in the Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology, shows that the.

Taxi 104

EPA adds 1-bromopropane to list of hazardous air pollutants; first addition since 1990

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has granted petitions to add 1-bromopropane (1-BP) to the list of hazardous air pollutants regulated under the Clean Air Act (CAA). This is the first time since 1990 that EPA has granted a petition to add a hazardous air pollutant to the CAA. Under the CAA, EPA is required to regulate emissions of air toxics, also known as hazardous air pollutants. The original CAA list of regulated air toxics included 189 pollutants.

2020 211

Yale study finds asphalt a significant source of air pollution, especially on hot, sunny days

Green Car Congress

A new study now finds that asphalt is a significant source of air pollutants in urban areas, especially on hot and sunny days. storage, paving, and use), common road and roofing asphalts produced complex mixtures of organic compounds, including hazardous pollutants.

2020 259

NUS study finds correlation between PM2.5 pollution and employee productivity

Green Car Congress

A study by researchers from the National University of Singapore Department of Economics ( NUS Economics ) has found a correlation between pollution and productivity of employees. The researchers, led by Associate Professor Alberto Salvo, gathered information from various factories in China and discovered that exposure to air pollution over several weeks can reduce employee productivity. The severity of pollution was determined by measuring how many fine particles less than 2.5

2019 212

EPHA: Coronavirus threat greater for polluted cities; clean air returning to cities in lockdown

Green Car Congress

Those living in polluted cities are more at risk from COVID-19, the European Public Health Alliance (EPHA) warned today. Air pollution can cause hypertension, diabetes and respiratory diseases, conditions that doctors are starting to link to higher mortality rates for COVID-19.

2020 240

Study finds rapid health benefits following air pollution reduction

Green Car Congress

Reductions in air pollution yielded fast and significant impacts on health-outcomes, as well as decreases in all-cause morbidity, according to new open-access research published in Annals of the American Thoracic Society. The study by the Environmental Committee of the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS) reviewed interventions that have reduced air pollution at its source. It’s critical that governments adopt and enforce WHO guidelines for air pollution immediately.

2019 174

EEB report finds only Belgium and Slovakia on track to meet EU air pollution targets

Green Car Congress

All of the EU’s member states but two have failed to show how they will slash air pollution to comply with the emissions limits set out in the EU’s National Emission Ceilings Directive, according to a new report from the European Environmental Bureau (EEB). The remainder are judged to be either at a medium or high risk of non-compliance for all pollutants with more than half of the Member States at high risk of non-compliance for 2030 onwards.

Studies find global COVID-19 lockdowns have significantly reduced PM2.5 and NO2 pollution, but ozone up

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Levels of two major air pollutants have been reduced significantly since lockdowns began in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, but a secondary pollutant—ground-level ozone—has increased in China, according to new research.

2020 254

Study links air pollution to increased emergency department visits for heart and lung disease

Green Car Congress

New research by George Mason University found that exposure to certain air pollutants is linked to increased emergency department (ED) visits for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. They found that exposure to pollutants such as ground-level ozone and nitrogen oxides, which are created from burning fossil fuels, led to increased ED visits. We estimated associations between twelve ambient air pollutants of both primary (e.g.

2018 285

Study estimates ~4M children worldwide develop asthma each year because of NO2 air pollution

Green Car Congress

About 4 million children worldwide develop asthma each year because of inhaling nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) air pollution, according to an open-access study published in The Lancet Planetary Health by researchers at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH). Our findings suggest that millions of new cases of pediatric asthma could be prevented in cities around the world by reducing air pollution.

2019 290

Study finds automatic monitors significantly improve the quality of pollution data reported in China

Green Car Congress

A new study finds that automated pollution monitors in China led to more accurate readings and that citizens used this information to protect themselves better against the harms of air pollution. Less than a decade ago, not only was air pollution a recognized problem in China, but many didn’t trust the data being reported by local officials. The central government knew it needed to improve air quality, but that it would be impossible without knowing true pollution levels.

2020 175

China-based study concludes using political incentives to fight pollution is costly and inefficient

Green Car Congress

The study looked at water quality regulations and found that local officials more heavily enforced regulations on polluting firms that were monitored and tracked by the central government, while not enforcing regulations on firms not tracked. This caused tracked firms to be significantly less productive and firms not tracked to continue to pollute. The productivity loss was mainly driven by upstream polluters investing more in abatement equipment to meet tighter regulations.

2020 175

Chalmers team develops optical nano-sensor for detecting pollution

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have developed a small, optical nano-sensor for pollution detection which can be mounted onto an ordinary streetlight. The technology is already in use in western Sweden, and researchers and other interested parties hope that the sensor could soon be used in many broad contexts. A collaboration with the University of Sheffield is also underway.

2019 238

Study concludes air pollution directly affects cognition

Green Car Congress

Results of new analysis conducted by German and Swiss researchers suggests that air pollution directly affects cognition and is not mediated by lung function; put another way, the two are independent risk factors for cognitive decline. Our findings disprove the hypothesis that air pollution first decreases lung function and this decline, in turn, causes cognitive impairment by releasing stress signals and humoral mediators into the body.

2015 268

Study finds association between air pollution, coronary atherosclerosis in Chinese population

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the University at Buffalo (UB), with colleagues in the US and China, have provided pathophysiologic evidence of the effect of air pollution on cardiovascular disease in China. Their findings also suggests that China may need to revise its standard for one type of pollutant. Spatial Distribution of Estimated Annual Pollution Concentrations in 2015 in China. As such, the effects of air pollution exposure on atherosclerosis are likely to be chronic.

2019 259

Swiss study finds that studies on air pollution that ignore impact of noise overestimate effects of pollution on heart attacks

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Air pollution and transportation noise are both associated with an increased risk of heart attacks. However, studies on air pollution which do not take into account traffic noise tend to overestimate the long-term effect of air pollution on heart attacks, according to a study conducted by the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute. Where air pollution is high, the level of transportation noise is usually also elevated.

2018 204

CARB approves updated “At-Berth” regulation, expanding efforts to cut pollution from ships in California ports

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board approved a new regulation designed to reduce pollution further from ocean-going vessels while docked at California’s busiest ports. The updated rule adds new vessel categories which will be required to control pollution when they run auxiliary engines or auxiliary boilers (for most tanker vessels) while docked.

2020 224

Study: plant roadside hedges rather than trees to combat near-road pollution

Green Car Congress

Urban planners should plant hedges—or a combination of trees with hedges—rather than just relying on roadside trees if they are most effectively to reduce pollution exposure from cars in near-road environments, according to a new study from the University of Surrey. The researchers found that roadsides that only had hedges were the most effective at reducing pollution exposure, cutting black carbon by up to 63 percent.

2019 286

International travelers experience adverse cardiopulmonary health effects even after short stay in polluted cities

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For travelers who visit cities with high levels of air pollution, even a short stay leads to breathing problems that can take at least a week from which to recove, a new study led by researchers at NYU School of Medicine finds. The study is the first of its kind, say the authors, to analyze pollution-related coughing and breathing difficulties and recovery times upon returning home, in healthy, young adults who’ve travelled internationally.

2019 256

Hyundai system purifies cabin air, raises awareness about pollution levels

Green Car Reports

emissions health air pollutionAs virtuous as one might be in choosing a vehicle that doesn’t produce tailpipe emissions, there’s a hazy reality to traveling by car: That you’re stuck breathing emissions from other gasoline or diesel vehicles—especially fine particulate emissions, which are some of the most concerning for health and tend to linger within.

2019 97

Study finds significant link between PM2.5 pollution and neurological disorders in US

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pollution was significantly associated with an increased risk of hospital admissions for several neurological disorders, including Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and other dementias, in a long-term study of more than 63 million older US adults, led by researchers at Harvard T.H. The researchers leveraged an unparalleled amount of data compared to any previous study of air pollution and neurological disorders.

2020 195

Large-scale study finds air pollution increases ER visits for breathing problems; rate depends on age, pollutant and lung disease

Green Car Congress

As levels of ozone and fine particulate pollution (PM 2.5 ) rise, more patients end up in the ER with breathing problems, according to the largest US study of air pollution and respiratory emergency room visits of patients of all ages. Strosnider, PhD, MPH, and colleagues report on the associations between ground-level ozone and fine particulate pollution and ER visits for asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and respiratory infections.

2019 203

Study links air pollution to higher COVID-19 death rates

Green Car Reports

People with the novel coronavirus, formally known as COVID-19, are more likely to die from the virus if they live in areas with high air pollution, according to a study from the Harvard T.H.

2020 144

MIT study: half of US deaths related to air pollution are linked to out-of-state emissions

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The study focuses on the period between 2005 and 2018 and tracks combustion emissions of various polluting compounds from various sectors, looking at every state in the contiguous United States, from season to season and year to year.

2020 265

Prenatal air pollution exposure linked to infants’ decreased heart rate response to stress

Green Car Congress

A mother’s exposure to particulate air pollution during pregnancy is associated with reduced cardiac response to stress in six-month-old infants, according to an open-access study by researchers at Mount Sinai research published in Environmental Health Perspectives. This study is the first to find that particulate air pollution exposure in utero can affect heart rate variability, which is a known risk factor for health issues.

2019 212

Study: 25% EV adoption would save US $17B annually from avoided climate change & pollution damages

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A new study led by researchers from Northwestern University projects that if electric vehicles replaced 25% of combustion engine cars currently on the road, the United States would save approximately $17 billion annually by avoiding damages from climate change and air pollution. This highlights the potential of co-beneficial solutions to climate change that not only curb greenhouse gas emissions but also reduce the health burden of harmful air pollution.