Mayor of London launches international study on effect of air pollution on children’s health: CHILL

Green Car Congress

More 3,000 primary school children in polluted areas of London and Luton will have their lung health monitored over a four-year period in a new international study launched by the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan. Children are especially vulnerable to traffic pollution, with evidence showing stunted growth of children’s lungs in polluted areas worldwide, leaving them at risk of lifelong breathing disorders and earlier death.

2018 91

Study links PM2.5 pollution with millions of preterm births globally

Green Car Congress

Recent research has suggested that exposure to air pollution could also be a risk factor. exposures, inclusion of provider-initiated preterm births, and exposure to indoor air pollution.

2017 124

Trending Sources

Trump EPA: less enforcement of laws, more leeway for polluters

Green Car Reports

The same can be said for industrial polluters and environmental-law. Environmental emissions Politics EPA air pollution Donald TrumpIn grade school, students commonly ran through the halls when teachers or other school staff weren't looking. Signs forbidding the act of sprinting past lockers did little to deter the practice, since there was no incentive not to run unless someone present was enforcing the rule.

Cars now clean enough that household products rival them for air pollution

Green Car Reports

Today's cars emit less than 1 percent of the three "criteria" pollutants that came out of their tailpipes half a century ago. emissions EPA carbon dioxide air pollutionThe first major emission controls on motor vehicles were introduced in 1975 with the advent of the catalytic converter. They emit relatively so little carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and hydrocarbons that the collective.

2018 60

Study associates in-utero exposure to PM2.5 pollution with higher blood pressure in childhood

Green Car Congress

air pollution during the third trimester of their mother’s pregnancy had a higher risk of elevated blood pressure in childhood, according to new research by a team led by researchers from Johns Hopkins University in the American Heart Association’s journal Hypertension. microns or less (PM 2.5 ) is a form of air pollution produced by motor vehicles and the burning of oil, coal and biomass, and has been shown to enter the circulatory system and negatively affect human health.

2018 80

German court rules cities may ban older diesel vehicles to cut air pollution

Green Car Reports

After a week's delay in issuing its ruling, a German court decided that individual cities in the country may ban vehicles with diesel engines to reduce air pollution. Diesels emissions Germany Stuttgart nitrogen oxides smog air pollution Court CaseThat huge intake of breath you may have heard from across the Atlantic Ocean was the sound of German carmakers gasping at a court decision handed down on Tuesday.

2018 56

Study attributes significant amount of kidney disease globally to PM2.5 pollution

Green Car Congress

pollution is significant, according to an analysis presented at ASN (American Society of Nephrology) Kidney Week. The Global Burden of Kidney Disease Attributable to Air Pollution” (Abstract SA-OR056 ). The global toll of chronic kidney disease (CKD) attributable to PM 2.5

2017 113

Photos reveal how polluted the U.S. was before EPA was founded

Green Car Reports

emissions government EPA History climate change regulation air pollutionIt can be argued that the current presidential administration appears to lack interest in the traditional mission of the Environmental Protection Agency. As a candidate, Donald Trump advocated wholesale repeal of environmental regulations and increased production of fossil fuels. He has also called climate science a "hoax" created by China to hurt.

2017 85

DOE: highway vehicles responsible for a declining share of pollutants

Green Car Congress

Highway vehicles are responsible for a declining share of pollutants in the US, according to data gathered by the US Department of Energy (DOE). More than half of all carbon monoxide (CO) emissions in 2002 were from highway vehicles; by 2016 that fell to 30%.

2017 78

Air pollution exposure during fetal life linked to brain alterations and cognitive impairment in children

Green Car Congress

A new study performed in the Netherlands has linked exposure to residential air pollution during fetal life with brain abnormalities that may contribute to impaired cognitive function in school-age children. The study, published in Biological Psychiatry , reports that the air pollution levels related to brain alterations were below those considered to be safe. Therefore, we cannot warrant the safety of the current levels of air pollution in our cities.

2018 80

Study concludes air pollution directly affects cognition

Green Car Congress

Results of new analysis conducted by German and Swiss researchers suggests that air pollution directly affects cognition and is not mediated by lung function; put another way, the two are independent risk factors for cognitive decline. Our findings disprove the hypothesis that air pollution first decreases lung function and this decline, in turn, causes cognitive impairment by releasing stress signals and humoral mediators into the body.

2015 84

WHO: 9 out of 10 people worldwide breathe polluted air; 7M deaths per year

Green Car Congress

New data from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that 9 out of 10 people breathe air containing high levels of pollutants. Updated estimations reveal a death toll of 7 million people every year caused by ambient (outdoor) and household air pollution. Air pollution threatens us all, but the poorest and most marginalized people bear the brunt of the burden. If we don’t take urgent action on air pollution, we will never come close to achieving sustainable development.

2018 60

How much do electric cars really pollute, even without tailpipes?

Green Car Reports

But there's no escaping that manufacturing these vehicles, driving them for 10 years or more, and then disposing of them creates pollution that has a wide range of negative impacts. Carbon Footprint emissions EPA Argonne National Laboratory carbon dioxide plug-in cars air pollution Union of Concerned ScientistsPersonal automobiles have given hundreds of millions of people the great luxury of a convenient and comfortable mode of transportation.

Lancet Commission report estimates pollution responsible for 9 million premature deaths globally in 2015; 16% of deaths

Green Car Congress

Pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and premature death in the world today, according to the newly released report detailing the adverse effects of pollution on global health by the The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. Pollution is costly.

2017 91

Study shows two-stroke scooters dominant source of air pollution in many cities; asymmetric polluters

Green Car Congress

A study by European researchers has found that two-stroke (2S) scooters, although constituting a small fraction of the fleet, can dominate urban vehicular pollution through organic aerosol and aromatic emission factors up to thousands of times higher than from other vehicle classes.

2014 120

Crowdsourcing air pollution measurements: iSPEX-EU 2015

Green Car Congress

The current iSPEX-EU project, which runs until 15 October, is a scaled-up version of the original iSPEX-project that enlisted the general public to contribute to the understanding of air pollution.

2015 91

WUSTL study finds use of air conditioning reduces in-car pollution

Green Car Congress

Traffic is a major source of harmful pollutants; daily peak exposures tend to occur near roadways or while traveling—or being stuck—on them. That gave them rare, real-world look at pollutant exposure.

2017 91

Study links traffic-related pollution to risk of asthma in children

Green Car Congress

Chan School of Public Health suggests that long-term exposure to traffic-related pollution significantly increases the risk of pediatric asthma, especially in early childhood. While physicians have long known that smog and pollution can bring on an asthma attack among children and adults suffering from asthma, researchers remained uncertain about what role long-term exposure to certain pollutants might play in the development of the disease in children.

2018 60

UNICEF: 300M children worldwide breathing air exceeding WHO pollution guidelines by 6x or more

Green Car Congress

The report, “ Clear the Air for Children ”, uses satellite imagery to show that some 2 billion children live in areas where outdoor air pollution, caused by factors such as vehicle emissions, heavy use of fossil fuels, dust and burning of waste, exceeds WHO minimum air quality guidelines.

2016 107

Could an EU switch to on-road emission tests allow more pollution?

Green Car Reports

Europe emissions EU Fuel Economy air pollutionThe Volkswagen diesel scandal convinced European regulators to switch from laboratory emissions testing to tests that involve actual, on-road driving. This could prevent automakers from deploying "defeat device" software like the kind used by VW on laboratory tests, as well as produce results that more closely align with what consumers can expect.

2016 69

Imaging study: air pollution impairs function of blood vessels in lungs

Green Car Congress

Air pollution impairs the function of blood vessels in the lungs, according to a study of more than 16,000 patients presented at EuroEcho-Imaging 2016. The study examined the effect of air pollution on pulmonary haemodynamics (blood flow) in a population and in individuals. The authors examined whether any patient subgroups were more susceptible to the effects of air pollution. (A This suggests that pollution is more harmful to the lung circulation during exercise.

2016 91

Cruise ships start to come under scrutiny as massive pollution machines

Green Car Reports

Cruise ships regularly depart major ports with thousands of passengers onboard, and they are now being called out as major sources of pollution. emissions air pollution BoatsWhile increased pressure on carmakers to improve emissions continues, regulators and environmental groups are also scrutinizing over forms of transportation-related emissions.

2016 63

Study finds modifying urban form may be a strategy to reduce air pollution

Green Car Congress

Based on their findings in a new study, researchers from the University of Washington and the University of Minnesota suggest that modifying urban form—as a means of affecting motor vehicle usage—may be a strategy to mitigate urban air pollution. They used satellite-based measurements of urban form and nitrogen dioxideO 2 (n) to explore relationships between urban form and air pollution for a global data set of 1,274 cities.

2017 81

University of Surrey launches global research center on air pollution

Green Car Congress

The University of Surrey is launching a new multi-disciplinary research center next week to tackle air pollution. The Air Quality Lab (AQL) is housed with advanced pollution monitoring instruments, and is part of GCARE. This aims to develop a methodology for integration of local urban scale pollution data into global/regional scale models for identifying pollution hotspots, and assessing health impacts.

2017 60

Researchers use Google Street View cars for high-resolution air pollution mapping

Green Car Congress

demonstrated a measurement approach to for urban air pollution mapping at 4–5 orders of magnitude greater spatial precision than possible with current central-site ambient monitoring. Using our approach and analysis techniques, we can now visualize air pollution with incredible detail.

2017 85

China study connects ozone pollution to cardiovascular health

Green Car Congress

They monitored indoor and outdoor ozone levels, along with other pollutants. In contrast, only 31 million Americans live in counties where other pollutants exceed EPA standards. Ozone is a difficult pollutant to control because its creation in the atmosphere is complex.

Ozone 65

Smartphones and sensors as personal, real-time pollution monitors

Green Car Congress

Air pollution varies widely over the course of a day and by location, even within the same city. Now scientists, reporting in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology , have used smartphone and sensing technology better to pinpoint where and when pollution is at its worst.

Study of 60M US seniors strengthens link between air pollution and premature death

Green Car Congress

They also estimated air pollution levels at each 1 kilometer grid for the entire US upon which the claims data could be overlaid and interpreted. The exposure prediction model leverages satellite-based measurements and a computer simulation of air pollution. This study shows that although we think air quality in the United States is good enough to protect our citizens, in fact we need to lower pollution levels even further.

2017 90

IARC: Outdoor air pollution carcinogenic to humans

Green Car Congress

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the specialized cancer agency of the World Health Organization (WHO), has classified outdoor air pollution as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). 161, Air Pollution and Cancer. After thoroughly reviewing the latest available scientific literature, the experts convened by the IARC Monographs Programme concluded that there is sufficient evidence that exposure to outdoor air pollution causes lung cancer (Group 1).

Study: air pollution may shorten telomeres in newbornsa sign of increased health risks

Green Car Congress

A study conducted before and after the 2004 closure of a coal-burning power plant in Tongliang, China, found that children born before the closure had shorter telomeres than those conceived and born after the plant stopped polluting the air. In babies born pre-closure, researchers found higher levels of PAH-DNA cord adducts, a biomarker for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, a toxic component of air pollution from coal plants.

2018 65

OICR-led study shows that environmental exposures such as air pollution are more determinant of respiratory health than inherited genetics

Green Car Congress

Differentially expressed genes are associated with local ambient air pollution. Associations from Group 1 and Group 2 largely cluster together, indicating a strong signal of the association between fine-scale air pollution levels and gene expression.

2018 78

Large-scale study finds long-term exposure to air pollution linked to high blood pressure

Green Car Congress

Long-term exposure to air pollution is linked to a greater incidence of high blood pressure, according to the largest study to investigate the effects of both air pollution and traffic noise by following more than 41,000 people in five different countries for five to nine years. This study is one of the first to investigate both air pollution and traffic noise simultaneously and it found that traffic noise is associated with an increase in cases of hypertension as well.

2016 81

DOE: despite 13% rise in VMT from 2002-2015, pollution down significantly

Green Car Congress

Despite an increase in vehicle miles traveled (VMT) of 13% from 2002 to 2015 (the latest year for which data are available), the total amount of airborne pollutants emitted from highway vehicles has declined considerably, according to the US Department of Energy (DOE).

2017 78

PM2.5 pollution linked to blood vessel damage in healthy young non-smoking adults

Green Car Congress

Fine particulate matter air pollution (PM 2.5 ) may be associated with blood vessel damage and inflammation among young, healthy adults, according to new research in Circulation Research , an American Heart Association journal. Air pollution is known to contribute to cardiovascular disease and related deaths. What remained unclear, however, was how air pollution actually affects the blood vessels to increase the risk of disease.

2016 88

New UK-wide map of air pollution; insights into nitrogen dioxide levels across the country and within towns and cities

Green Car Congress

EarthSense Systems—a joint venture between the University of Leicester and aerial mapping company BlueSky—has published MappAir, the first high resolution nationwide map of air pollution. ultrafine pollution particles smaller than 2.5 Air pollution is not a constant threat.

2017 78

Large scale epidemiological study associates PM2.5, NO2 pollution with kidney, bladder and colorectal cancer death

Green Car Congress

Air pollution is classified as carcinogenic to humans given its association with lung cancer, but there is little evidence for its association with cancer at other body sites. However, in a new large-scale prospective study led by the Barcelona Institute of Global Health (ISGlobal), an institution supported by the “la Caixa” Foundation, and the American Cancer Society, researchers observed an association between some air pollutants and mortality from kidney, bladder and colorectal cancer.

2017 65

California Air Resources Board posts revised draft of strategy to reduce “Super Pollutants”

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has posted a revised draft of California’s proposed Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Strategy. —“Revised Proposed Short-Lived Climate Pollutant Reduction Strategy”.

2016 104

Study: air pollution along Utah’s Wasatch Front causes more than 200 pneumonia cases each year

Green Car Congress

Air pollution trapped along the Wasatch Front by winter inversions is estimated to send more than 200 people to the emergency room with pneumonia each year, according to a study by University of Utah Health and Intermountain Healthcare. Within days, air pollution worsens as the concentration of small particles rises, at times turning the air into the dirtiest in the country. The relationship of air pollution to the severity of pneumonia was particularly striking.

2018 60

EPA releases national assessment of strategies to reduce air pollution at ports

Green Car Congress

A new report from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finds that air pollution at US ports can be reduced significantly at all port types and sizes through a variety of strategies and cleaner technologies.

2016 98

HEI to update report on traffic-related air pollution; release in 2020

Green Car Congress

The Health Effects Institute (HEI) will launch an intensive literature review to update its Special Report 17, Traffic-Related Air Pollution: A Critical Review of the Literature on Emissions, Exposure, and Health Effects ( earlier post ), in early 2018. The new literature review, anticipated for release in late 2020, will systematically summarize the evidence relating traffic-related air pollution to short-term and long-term health outcomes.

2017 60