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Argonne LCA study finds many alternative fuels consume more water than petroleum and natural gas fuels

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have analyzed the water consumption for transportation fuels in the United States using an extended lifecycle system boundary that includes the water embedded in intermediate processing steps.

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Stanford team sets record for solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of solar water splitting: >30%

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Researchers at Stanford University have demonstrated solar water splitting by photovoltaic-electrolysis with a solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency of more than 30%—a new record. However, the thermodynamic minimum voltage required to electrolyse water is only 1.23 V

Solar 57

Texas: From Shale Boom to Water Revolution

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Now the slick but dry state is becoming famous for water: that precious element that both resolves the drought problem and also makes it possible to pump more oil out of the ground. A Water Revolution Takes Root. per barrel, or approximately $1,100-$1,350 per acre-foot of water.

Water 17

DOE releases report on water-energy nexus

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) released a new report that frames an integrated challenge and opportunity space around the water-energy nexus for DOE and its partners and lays the foundation for future efforts. Present day water and energy systems are tightly intertwined.

Water 17

Detailed snapshots of photosynthesis at room temperature using SLAC’s X-ray laser show water-splitting reaction

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One of its molecular mysteries of photosynthesis involves how the photosystem II protein complex harvests energy from sunlight and uses it to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. Zeroing in on water-splitting.

2016 44

Audi in new e-fuels project: synthetic diesel from water, air-captured CO2 and green electricity; “Blue Crude”

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Audi’s latest e-fuels project is participation in a a pilot plant project in Dresden that produces diesel fuel from water, CO 2 and green electricity. In a separate process, a solid oxide electrolysis (SOEC) unit powered with green electricity splits water into hydrogen and oxygen.

2014 73

Electric Surfboard: Lampuga Shows Electricity Works In Water Too

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DON''T MISS: Electric Boats: As In Cars, Battery Power Offers Advantages On The Water Who said water and electricity don''t mix? There are numerous electric vehicles with two or four wheels, but here''s one with no wheels at all.

2015 28

BMW: Water Injection Can Boost Power And Cut Fuel Consumption

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Electric cars and hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles may get a lot of attention, but every carmaker is still searching for ways to improve the fuel efficiency of internal-combustion engines. At its Innovation Days 2015 event in Miramas, France, BMW showed off one of several new technologies it's working on to reduce fuel consumption in its future. Fuel Economy

The Game-Changing Water Revolution: Interview with Stanley Weiner

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Globally, water demand is threatening to dangerously outpace supply, while in the US, dry states such as Texas and California are suffering from shortages and the future forebodes more suffering. For the North American shale boom, the lack of water is suffocating. The water revolution is here, according to Stanley Weiner, CEO of STW Resources -a Texas-based company that has the exclusive North American license for Dutch-developed next-generation Salttech desalination technology.

Texas 13

Future BMW M4 To Use Water Injection For Power, Efficiency At Same Time

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BMW recently demonstrated water injection on a small hatchback, but its first planned production use of the feature will be on quite a different type of car. At the 2015 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance, the carmaker unveiled the M4 GTS concept--a hardcore version of its current M4 sports coupe. A production version of the M4 GTS will arrive in. turbocharged Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance Performance

2015 33

Salt water powered sports car revealed

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Meet the Quant e-Sportlimousine – a salt water powered sports car which has recently been accepted as street-legal in Germany. First revealed at the Geneva Motor Show earlier this year, this impressive luxury vehicle delivers 0-62mph in 2.8

Legal 24

Fisker Factory, BMW M4 Water Injection, Electric-Car Charging In Roads: Today's Car News

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Today, Fisker signs a lease for its new California assembly plant, a new version of the BMW M4 debuts with efficiency-boosting water injection, and England plans to experiment with wireless electric-car charging infrastructure built into roads. All this and more on Green Car Reports. Fisker signs a lease for its new assembly plant in Southern. Today in Car News

2015 25

Electric Boats: As In Cars, Battery Power Offers Advantages On The Water

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The world now has something around half a million plug-in electric cars on the roads, and electric propulsion is slowly spreading into other types of transportation. One of them is electric boats, which have been around for more than a century but are now seeing renewed interest. Just as with automobiles at the turn of the last century

2014 42

GE and Berkeley Lab developing water-based high energy density flow battery for EVs

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Conceptual design of a water-based flow battery GE scientists are researching as part of ARPA-E’s RANGE program. Researchers from GE and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) are developing a water-based flow battery targeted at EVs.

2013 38

Benthic sets new water depth drilling record of 2,776 meters

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Benthic, a global geosciences company, broke its own water depth record using the Portable Remotely Operated Drill unit 3 (PROD3) seabed drill. The previous record of 2,754 meters (9,035 feet, 1.7

GWU team uses one-pot process to co-generate H2 and solid carbon from water and CO2; solar fuels

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One-pot electrolytic process produces H 2 and solid carbon from water and CO 2. In this study, they focused on the electrolysis component for STEP fuel, producing hydrogen and graphitic carbon from water and carbon dioxide.

Stanford team develops new low-voltage single-catalyst water splitter for hydrogen production

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Researchers at Stanford University have developed a new low-voltage, single-catalyst water splitter that continuously generates hydrogen and oxygen. In the reported study, the new catalyst achieved 10 mA cm −2 water-splitting current at only 1.51 V

2015 20

SwRI, UTSA researchers show biochar is low-cost, effective method to treat fracking water

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Researchers at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) have determined that biochar, a substance produced from plant matter, is a safe, effective and inexpensive method to treat flowback water following hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. Flowback water treatment is a critical sustainability issue for the oil and gas industry. One to five million gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals are required for the fracking of each well.

New version of Argonne lifecycle model for water footprint of biofuels now includes cellulosic feedstocks

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of the online tool Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources ( WATER ) this week. WATER adopts a water footprint methodology, and contains extensive climate, land use, water resource, and process water data. Water footprint accounting.

GM recycles 2M Flint water bottles into fleece for homeless, car parts and air filters

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General Motors is adding 2 million water bottles from Flint, Michigan residents into its Do Your Part water bottle recycling initiative. Each coat contains 31 water bottles.

Study finds perennial biofuel crops’ water consumption similar to corn

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Evapotranspiration (ET) refers to the sum total of water lost while the plant is growing, either from evaporation through the plant stem itself (a process called “transpiration”), or from water evaporated off of the plant’s leaves or the ground. This knowledge gap exists for perennial vegetation in general in mesic environments, and has important implications for how landscape water balances will respond to climate change.

Fuel 11

Nestlé Waters North America adds 155 new medium-duty propane autogas trucks to delivery fleet

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Nestlé Waters North America is adding more than 150 medium-duty beverage delivery trucks fueled by propane autogas. The Nestlé Waters North America propane trucks are used to deliver product to its customers across the country including Los Angeles, San Francisco, Washington, D.C., Over the vehicles’ lifetime, the 155 Ford F-650 trucks will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by more than 24.6 million pounds. These units will be deployed beginning in April.

Transocean sets world water-depth drilling record in 10,385 feet of water off India

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announced that the ultra-deepwater drillship Dhirubhai Deepwater KG1 has set a new world record for the deepest water depth by an offshore drilling rig of 10,385 feet (3,165 meters) of water while working for ONGC off the East coast of India. This surpasses Transocean’s prior world record of 10,194 feet (3,107 meters) of water set by the KG1’s sister rig, Dhirubhai Deepwater KG2 in 2011 while working for Reliance in India. Transocean Ltd.

2010 13

Rice team demonstrates plasmonic hot-electron solar water-splitting technology; simpler, cheaper and efficient

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Researchers at Rice have demonstrated an efficient new way to use solar energy for water splitting. Here the hot electron is directly injected into water molecules to drive the hydrogen evolution reaction.

New efficient electrolysis process for direct hydrogen production from biomass; 16.7% of energy required for water electrolysis

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of the energy consumed for the reported water electrolysis.

CEA LITEN develops high-temperature electrolyzer for more efficient hydrogen production from water

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France’s CEA LITEN (Laboratory for Innovation in New Energy Technologies and Nanomaterials) has developed a new high-temperature electrolysis system for more efficient hydrogen production. The system delivers hydrogen from steam at 150 °C and electricity with power consumption of 3.9

Researchers demonstrate water splitting to generate hydrogen using ultra-small Si nanoparticles

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The ultra-small particles react with water to generate hydrogen 1,000 times faster than bulk silicon, 100 times faster than previously reported Si structures, and 6 times faster than competing metal formulations. The silicon-water reaction is slow and can be self-limiting, via oxide formation.

2013 24

Ford targeting 30% reduction in water used per vehicle by 2015

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Ford plans to cut the amount of water used to make each vehicle 30% globally by 2015, compared with the amount of water used per vehicle in 2009. If Ford meets the 30% goal, the amount of water used to make a vehicle will have dropped from 9.5 Ford is also developing year-over-year efficiency targets as part of its annual environmental business planning process and has established a cross-functional team spanning several divisions to review water usage more holistically.

BNL Researchers develop low-cost, efficient, non-noble metal electrocatalyst to produce hydrogen from water

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A team of researchers led by Dr. James Muckerman at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have developed a new class of high-activity, low-cost, non-noble metal electrocatalyst that generates hydrogen gas from water.

Berkeley team develops host-guest nanowires for efficient water splitting and solar energy storage

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The team reports on their host-guest system of Ta:TiO 2 |BiVO 4 as a photoanode for use in solar water splitting cells in an open-access paper in the journal ACS Central Science. An example of such a method is the production of hydrogen by photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting.

MIT modeling study finds 52% of projected global population in 2050 will live in water-stressed areas

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billion people in 2050 will live in water-stressed areas. The researchers also expect about 1 billion more people to be living in areas where water demand exceeds surface-water supply. A large portion of these regions already face water stress—most notably India, Northern Africa and the Middle East. In studying the socioeconomic changes, they find population and economic growth are responsible for most of the increased water stress.

Researchers demonstrate electrochemical synthesis of ammonia from air and water under mild conditions

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is well known that some higher plants can synthesize ammonia or its derivatives directly from air and water at room temperature. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report on artificial synthesis of ammonia direct from air and water. H 2 (or water) and N 2 (or air) were passed through room temperature water first then filled into the chambers of the cell. Researchers from the University of Strathclyde and the University of St.

2013 21

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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A team led by Dr. Michael Grätzel at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) in Switzerland has developed a highly efficient and low-cost water-splitting cell combining an advanced perovskite tandem solar cell and a bi-functional Earth-abundant catalyst.

ARPA-E to award $60M to 2 programs: enhancing biomass yield and dry-cooling for thermoelectric power

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ARPA-E’s ARID program will focus on new power plant cooling technologies that could significantly improve the overall energy efficiency of thermoelectric power plants by enabling high thermal-to-electric energy conversion efficiency with zero net water dissipation into the atmosphere.

2014 33

HZB, 3M team explores water management in PFIA membranes for fuel cells; better performance at higher temps and low humidity

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These additional acidic sites on each hydrophilic side chain provide additional protons for the proton transport and allow for the formation of larger water channels. Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin (HZB) teamed up with 3M to explore the water management in PFIA membranes.

Nielsen global survey finds concerns about climate change slipping behind concerns over other environmental issues; air and water pollution top worries, pesticide use #3

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Three out of four global consumers rated air pollution (77%) and water pollution (75%) as top concerns, both increasing six percentage points compared to 2009. Portugal and Mexico were also the world’s most concerned countries about water shortages and air and water pollution.

EPFL/Technion team develops “champion” nanostructures for efficient solar water-splitting to produce hydrogen

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Fe 2 O 3 (hematite) electrodes that achieve the highest photocurrent of any metal oxide photoanode for photoelectrochemical water-splitting under 100?mW?cm Hydrogen bubbles as they appear in a photoelectrochemical cell. © LPI / EPFL. Click to enlarge.

Electric cars could sound like running water

Green Cars News

The Japanese government could soon introduce legislation requiring electric and hybrid cars to make a minimum noise level. A ministry of transport panel is in the process of drawing up legal requirements for carmakers, and has invited comments from the public for a standard warning noise – prompting suggestions for automated verbal warnings, beeping, the sound [.].

Swiss team develops effective and low-cost solar water-splitting device; 14.2% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency

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As the V OC of the presented c-Si cells is only ∼600 mV, four cells need to be connected in series to achieve stable water splitting performance.

US DOI report highlights impacts of climate change on Western water resources

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The US Department of the Interior released a report that assesses climate change risks and how these risks could impact water operations, hydropower, flood control, and fish and wildlife in the western United States. SECURE Water Act Report.