Extracting rare earth elements from coal with plasma assist

Green Car Congress

The US National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is collaborating with the University of Kentucky and their subcontractor Virginia Tech to demonstrate a novel process for the extraction of REEs from coal using plasma. Coal Electric (Battery) Manufacturing Market Background Materials

2020 359

As states use less coal for electricity, driving electric vehicles becomes even cleaner

Green Car Congress

These results indicate that coal and oil are the energy sources leading to most emissions, and that hydro, wind, and nuclear are the energy sources leading to least emissions. On the two extremes, coal and oil result in about 176 times the emissions from hydro.

2020 354
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Study finds methane emissions from coal mines ~50% higher than previously thought

Green Car Congress

The amount of methane released into the atmosphere as a result of coal mining is likely approximately 50% higher than previously estimated, according to research presented at the recent annual meeting of the American Geophysical Union. The higher estimate is due mainly to two factors: methane that continues to be emitted from thousands of abandoned mines and the higher methane content in coal seams that are ever deeper, according to chief author Nazar Kholod of PNNL.

Coal 207

DOE announces $64M for research into future coal power plants

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced up to $64 million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development (R&D) projects under the funding opportunity announcement ( DE-FOA-0002057 ), “Critical Components for Coal FIRST Power Plants of the Future.”. DOE’s Coal FIRST (Flexible, Innovative, Resilient, Small, Transformative) initiative is intended to develop the coal plant of the future needed to provide secure and reliable power to the US grid.

2020 273

DOE to award up to $100M for future coal plants in Coal FIRST initiative

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) intends to provide up to $100 million in awards ( DE-FOA-0002116 ) for the Coal FIRST (Flexible, Innovative, Resilient, Small, and Transformative) initiative (announced in November 2018), which aims to develop coal plants of the future that will provide secure, stable, reliable power with near-zero emissions. In 2017, coal was the second-largest energy source for electricity generation in the United States.

Coal 237

DOE awards $56.5M to 32 coal technology projects

Green Car Congress

million in federal funding to 32 cost-shared research and development (R&D) projects for advanced coal technologies and research under six separate funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). The projects cover a range of topics, including carbon capture, utilization, and storage; rare earth element recovery; coal to products; crosscutting coal R&D; steam turbine efficiency; and advanced materials. million under DE-FOA-0001996, Advancing Steam Turbines for Coal Boilers.

2019 214

@LATimes Finds Clean Coal In Tennessee #JoeTakesOnTheNews

Creative Greenius

environment fossil fuels greenwashing Killer Coal News Truth & Reality Los Angeles Times

GlobalData: Global coal production set to grow to 2022, despite major players scaling down capacities

Green Car Congress

Although Germany, the UK, US, Canada and Ukraine are phasing out domestic coal production capacity, expansion of production capacity in countries such as India and Indonesia is predicted to generate modest annual growth of 1.3% in coal production over the next four years, with output reaching 7.6 Coal production in India, Indonesia and Australia is forecast to grow at respective compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) of 10.9%, 3.9%, and 2.3% Coal Forecasts Power Generation

2019 264

DOE to award $28.35M for R&D on advanced processing of rare earth elements and critical minerals from coal-based resources

Green Car Congress

Phase 1 applications for two areas of interest (AOI) are being sought at this time: AOI 1: Advanced Process Development for Production of Rare Earth Metals (REM) and Co-Production of Critical Minerals (CM) from Coal-Based and Alternate Resources. AOI 2: Production of Critical Minerals (CM) (Excluding Rare Earth Elements or REE) from Coal-Based and Alternate Resources. Coal Manufacturing Market Background Materials Mining

Coal 174

@LATimes I learned in High School During the 70s That Coal Miners Get Black Lung. When Are YOU Going To Learn that Coal Miners Are Assassins With No Regard For Their Victims? #JoeTakesOnTheNews

Creative Greenius

climate change environment fossil fuels green jobs Killer Coal News News Media Truth & Reality white privilege black Lung coal miners

2018 163

New catalyst opens door to CO2 capture in coal-to-liquids process

Green Car Congress

World energy consumption projections expect coal to stay one of the world’s main energy sources in the coming decades, and a growing share of it will be used in CT—the conversion of coal to liquid fuels (CTL). The conversion of coal to liquid fuels is especially relevant in coal-rich countries that have to import oil for their supply of liquid fuels—such as China. By 2020, CTL is expected to account for 15% of the coal use in China.

2018 216

DOE awards $1.95M for conceptual designs that extract critical minerals and rare earth elements from coal sources

Green Car Congress

million in federal funding to develop conceptual designs of commercially viable technologies that will extract rare earth elements (REEs) from US coal and coal by-product sources. DOE’s Critical Minerals Sustainability Program (previously called the Feasibility of Recovering Rare Earth Elements Program) has demonstrated the technical feasibility of extracting these resources from coal-based materials. Coal Electric (Battery) Manufacturing Materials Motors

2020 188

BloombergNEF: clean energy investment in developing nations slumps as financing in China slows; coal burn surges to record high

Green Car Congress

While the number of new clean power-generating plants completed stayed flat year-to-year, the volume of power derived from coal surged to a new high, according to Climatescope , an annual survey of 104 emerging markets conducted by research firm BloombergNEF (BNEF).

2019 227

DOE to award $20M to projects to recover rare earth elements from coal and coal byproducts

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a funding opportunity ( DE-FOA-0001202 ) that will award an estimated $20 million to projects quickly to develop bench scale and pilot scale projects for recovering Rare Earth Elements (REE)—a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table and key components of electronics and renewable energy technologies—from coal and coal byproducts. Coal Electric (Battery) Motors

2015 214

DOE awarding $6.5M to 9 large-scale Phase I pilot coal projects

Green Car Congress

This FOA, issued in August 2017, is a $50-million funding opportunity for projects supporting cost-shared research and development to design, construct, and operate two large-scale pilots to demonstrate transformational coal technologies. DOE has supported a range of potentially transformational coal technologies aimed at enabling step-change improvements in coal-powered systems. UKy-CAER Heat-integrated Transformative CO2 Capture Process for Pulverized Coal Power Plants.

2018 224

DOE invests $17.4M in projects to advance recovery of rare earth elements from coal and coal byproducts

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) selected four projects to move on to a second phase of research in their efforts to advance recovery of rare earth elements (REE) from coal and coal byproducts. The following two bench-scale projects were selected under area of interest 1: The University of North Dakota Institute for Energy Studies will use North Dakota sub-bituminous lignite coal and coal-related material as feedstock to test their REE recovery system.

2017 163

Air Products to acquire Shell’s coal gasification technology business and patent portfolio for liquids (residue) gasification; coal-to-fuels in China

Green Car Congress

Air Products will acquire Royal Dutch Shell’s Coal Gasification Technology business as well as Shell’s patent portfolio for Liquids (Residue) Gasification. As a leading industrial gas company, Air Products has extended its onsite supply model to use coal gasification to generate synthesis gas (syngas) for major projects. s (Jinmei Huayu’s) coal-to-clean-fuels project in Jincheng City, Shanxi Province. China Coal Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Fuels Gasification

2018 163

Rhodium Group estimates US GHG fell 2.1% in 2019, driven by coal decline

Green Car Congress

This decline was due almost entirely to a drop in coal consumption. Coal-fired power generation fell by a record 18% year-on-year to its lowest level since 1975. Coal-driven decline. It also marks the end of a decade in which total US coal generation was cut in half.

2020 311

@LATimes Says Coal Miners Sacrificed Their Health To Keep Our Lights On. I Say That’s #B T. Let’s Help The Victims In The Sacrifice Zones Created By These Mercenary For-Profit Destroyers #JoeTakesOnTheNews

Creative Greenius

climate change environmental justice, environmental racism fossil fuels Health Killer Coal News News Media renewable energy sea-level rise Truth & Reality black Lung coal miners Los Angeles Times

2018 163

Proposed process for low-emissions coal-to-liquids

Green Car Congress

The EMS (Earth and Mineral Science) Energy Institute at Penn State has developed a conceptual novel process configuration for producing clean middle-distillate fuels from coal with some algal input with minimal emissions. The Institute was involved for about 20 years in a project intended to develop a coal-derived jet fuel; a number of papers and reports have already been published on that work. Principal inputs are coal, water, non-carbon electricity, and make-up solvent.

Coal 188

DOE Lab, partners find high concentrations of rare earth elements in American coal basins

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has found high rare earth element (REE) concentrations in coal samples taken from the Illinois, Northern Appalachian, Central Appalachian, Rocky Mountain Coal Basins, and the Pennsylvania Anthracite region. Meanwhile, UK analyzed western Kentucky bituminous coal in the Illinois Coal Basin, and XLight Corporation investigated coal-related materials in the Eastern Pennsylvania Anthracite Region.

2017 150

Coal-tar-based pavement sealant a major source of PAH contamination in Milwaukee streams

Green Car Congress

Runoff from pavement with coal-tar-based sealant is the primary source of toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to streambed sediments in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, according to a US Geological Survey and Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District open-access study published in the journal Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. Pavement sealants that contain coal tar, a known human carcinogen, have extremely high levels of PAHs. Coal Health Sustainability

Energy from renewables will soon be cheaper than from coal—in many world regions

Green Car Reports

Renewable energy is not just better for the environment, it's also becoming cheaper than coal for electricity generation in many parts of the world, according to a new report.

2020 165

@LATimes Fails To Connect The Climate Crisis Dots Or Mention Dire Climate Warnings In Story On Dirty Coal-Powered LADWP #JoeTakesOnTheNews

Creative Greenius

carbon producers climate change environment environmental justice, environmental racism fossil fuels Health Killer Coal News News Media renewable energy solar power Sustainability toxic chemicals Truth & Reality Aura Vasquez LADWP Los Angeles Times Sammy Roth

2018 163

EGEB: Wind and solar drove a record fall in coal in 2020…

Electrek

In today’s Electrek Green Energy Brief (EGEB): …except for in China, which saw a growth in coal – and emissions still rose. more… The post EGEB: Wind and solar drove a record fall in coal in 2020… appeared first on Electrek.

Wind 82

Study Concludes Peak Coal Will Occur Close to 2011

Green Car Congress

A multi-Hubbert analysis of coal production by Tadeusz Patzek at The University of Texas at Austin and Gregory Croft at the University of California, Berkeley concludes that the global peak of coal production from existing coalfields will occur close to the year 2011. The HHV of global production is likely to peak in 2011 at 160 EJ/y, and the peak carbon emissions from coal burning will also peak in 2011 at 4.0 Tags: Coal

Coal 288

DOE to award ~$2M for small-scale production of rare earth elements from domestic coal and coal by-products

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) announced ( DE-FOA-0001627 NOI ) approximately $2 million in federally funded financial assistance for the first phase of cost-shared projects aimed to achieve small-scale production of salable rare earth elements (REEs) from domestic sources of pre-combustion coal and coal by-products.

2016 221

DOE awarding about $16M to four projects for advanced gasification systems; focus on coal

Green Car Congress

Awardees will receive approximately $16 million to advance the gasification process, which converts carbon-based materials such as coal into syngas for use as power, chemicals, hydrogen, and transportation fuels. Advanced Gasifier and Water-Gas Shift Technologies for Low-Cost Coal Conversion to High-Hydrogen Syngas. Praxair, OTM-Enhanced Coal Syngas for Carbon Capture Power Systems and Fuel Synthesis Applications. Coal Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Gasification

2014 195

Kyoto team develops two-stage process for direct liquefaction of low-rank coal and biomass under mild conditions

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Kyoto University in Japan have proposed a novel two-stage process to convert low-rank coals or biomass wastes under mild conditions to high-quality liquid fuel. One of the issues hampering the development of direct liquefaction of low-grade carbonaceous resources—such as low-rank coals and biomass wastes—to produce liquid fuel is their oxygen content. for low-rank coals and were as high as 36.7−71.7%

2015 197

EIA: India’s steel industry dominated by electric-based processes; intensive coal use for DRI

Green Car Congress

Two unique features of the steel industry in India are the large-scale use of electric induction furnaces for electric-based steelmaking rather than electric arc furnaces and the reliance on coal, rather than natural gas, to produce DRI. The reducing agents are carbon monoxide and hydrogen, coming from reformed natural gas, syngas or coal. coal-based rotary kiln furnaces (mainly in India), accounting for 17.5% Coal India Manufacturing Materials

2017 150

Wind and solar cost less than coal for power

Green Car Reports

Producing renewable electricity is cheaper than running old coal plants, a new report from investment firm Lazard shows. can produce power for $29 to $56 per megawatt-hour, compared to $27 to $45 for existing coal-fired powerplants, according to a report last week in the British Financial Times Lazard reports that new wind farms in the U.S.

2018 131

Lux: alternative fuels in China could replace up to 483B GGE in 2020; coal-to-ethanol conversion offers near-term potential

Green Car Congress

China’s shift toward alternative fuels in order to cut its reliance on imported oil is creating large opportunities, notably in natural gas vehicles (NGVs) and in the conversion of coal to ethanol, according to a new report from Lux Research. Further, its plans to limit coal-fired power plants due to pollution problems, means that oversupplied coal is available for conversion to alternative fuels. Coal-to-ethanol is on verge of large-scale commercialization.

2015 190

OSU team demonstrates Coal-Direct Chemical Looping for more efficient and low carbon coal heat release

Green Car Congress

An Ohio State University team has demonstrated the successful operation of Coal-Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL)—which chemically harnesses coal’s energy and efficiently contains the carbon dioxide produced before it can be released into the atmosphere. For 203 continuous hours, an OSU combustion unit produced heat from coal while capturing 99% of the carbon dioxide produced in the reaction. Hot iron and coal ash are left behind.

2013 253

Clean coal

Plugs and Cars

Just a the coal companies go on the air with ads that could be Obama campaign commercials, down to the Yes We Can (make coal clean,) the real world intrudes. Tags: clean coal

2008 100

Consortium moves ahead with HESC pilot for conversion of Australian coal to LH2 for transport to Japan

Green Car Congress

The Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain ( HESC ) project will convert brown coal from the AGL Loy Yang mine into hydrogen at an adjacent site and then transport the gas by road in high pressure tube trailers to a liquefaction terminal at the Port of Hastings. J-Power will use its gasification technology for gasification of brown coal. AGL’s in-kind support for the pilot project includes land for the plant and up to 160 tonnes of brown coal.

2018 163

DOE selects 7 gasification projects for funding; focus on reducing cost of coal conversion

Green Car Congress

The projects conducted through this program are geared toward reducing the cost of coal conversion and mitigating the environmental impacts of fossil-fueled power generation. The funded research projects fall under two subtopic areas: development of gasification technologies applicable to in situ bio-gasification of coal to methane; and the development of low cost advanced air separation technologies that can produce oxygen for use in coal gasification processes.

2015 188

US DOE to award up to $3M for coal-biomass-to-liquid projects

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award up to a total of $3 million to projects (1) to develop and to test novel technologies for the economical and environmentally-sustainable conversion of coal-biomass feedstocks to liquid transportation fuels (CBTL) and (2) to assess concepts and evaluate the feasibility of building and operating a commercial scale CBTL production facility. Feasibility Study for a Coal-Biomass to Liquids Facility.

Coal 207

ARPA-E announces $35M for technologies to reduce methane emissions

Green Car Congress

ARPA-E announced up to $35 million for a new program focused on developing technologies to reduce methane emissions in the oil, gas, and coal industries: “Reducing Emissions of Methane Every Day of the Year” ( REMEDY ) ( DE-FOA-0002504 ). Coal mine ventilation air methane (VAM) exhausted from operating underground mines. ARPA-E Coal Emissions Engines Natural Gas

University of Adelaide team exploring novel configuration for solar hybridized coal-to-liquids process

Green Car Congress

Simplified flowsheet of the proposed solar hybridized coal- to-liquids (SCTL) process with the proposed solar hybridized dual fluidized bed (SDFB) gasifier. In their investigation of the process, reported in a paper in the ACS journal Energy & Fuels , they used lignite as the feedstock (Solar hybridized coal to liquids, SCTL), although the process could also be used with biomass. Biomass-to-Liquids (BTL) Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Emissions Solar Solar fuels

2015 209

EIA: energy-related CO2 emissions from natural gas surpass coal as fuel use patterns change

Green Car Congress

Energy-associated CO 2 emissions from natural gas are expected to surpass those from coal for the first time since 1972, according to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). Even though natural gas is less carbon-intensive than coal, increases in natural gas consumption and decreases in coal consumption in the past decade have resulted in natural gas-related CO 2 emissions surpassing those from coal.

2016 207

DOE to award nearly $4M for projects on recovering rare earth elements from coal and coal by-products

Green Car Congress

million ( DE-FOA-0001718 ) to projects to develop new technologies or technology advancements that result in improvements in technical, environmental, and economic performance of existing technologies to recover rare earth elements (REE) from domestic US coal and coal by-products. Both AOI 1 and AOI 2 projects will be focused on utilizing coal-based resources to separate and extract contained REEs to > 2 wt% (AOI 1) and 2-10 wt% (AOI 2) in resulting pre-concentrate matrices.

2017 150

DOE to award up to $36M for design and testing of advanced carbon capture technologies for coal-fired power generation

Green Car Congress

DOE is currently targeting transformational technologies that by 2030 will support a new coal-fired power plant with CO 2 capture with a cost of electricity at least 30% lower than a supercritical, pulverized-coal plant with CO 2 capture, or approximately $30 per tonne of CO 2 captured. Testing will need to be under realistic conditions using actual (not synthetic) coal-fueled generating or similar flue gas. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Coal Power Generation

2017 150

CicLaVia is Back This Sunday & We’ll Be Rolling Against Coal!

Creative Greenius

My favorite part of this next CicLaVia is t he Bike Parade coming from my friends at Greenpeace and Sierra Club which they’re calling ROLL AGAINST COAL. In case you didn’t know, the City of Los Angeles still gets 40% of its electricity from coal-fired power plants, the dirtiest polluters and greenhouse gassers on the planet. It’s long been time to kick coal out of L.A.’s For more details and t o RSVP go to the Roll Against Coal Facebook page.

Coal 221