Human Cost of Climate Change

Electric Cars are for Girls

Polar bears aside, what is the human cost of climate change? Do you ever think about how climate change will affect you and me

IHS Markit: average cost of lithium-ion battery cell to fall below $100/kWh in 2023

Green Car Congress

The average cost of a Li-ion battery cell—used to power electric vehicles and to provide flexibility in the power grid as more renewables, such as solar and wind, are added will fall below $100 per kilowatt hour (kWh) in the next three years, according to a new analysis by IHS Markit. The average cost of a li-ion cell is expected to decline further through the end of the decade, to as low as $73/kWh in 2030. Cost is the name of the game.

2020 101

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Milk and gasoline: the cost of the energy they provide to fuel our bodies and automobiles

Green Car Congress

This brief analysis examines the relative cost of the energy from milk and gasoline. The unifying approach involves the use of a common measure of energy—British thermal units (Btu). A cup of whole milk contains 150 Calories of energy. Thus, there are 2,400 Calories in a gallon of milk. This translates to 9,518 Btu per gallon of milk. The average price of conventional (not organic) whole milk in September 2020 was $3.56

2020 75

NREL, INL team assesses levelized cost of light-duty EV charging in US in 2019

Green Car Congress

A team from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Idaho National Laboratory has produced a detailed assessment of the current levelized cost of light-duty electric-vehicle charging (LCOC) in the United States, considering when, where, and how EVs are charged. The LCOC includes costs associated with the purchase and installation of charging equipment and retail electricity prices, derived from real-world utility tariffs.

2020 80

NYU team develops novel ion-conducting copolymer to increase power and reduce cost of fuel cells

Green Car Congress

Researchers at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering, led by Miguel Modestino, professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed a novel ion-conducting polymer (ionomer) that increases the power and lowers the cost of fuel cells. A paper on their work is published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. This research was supported by a grant from United States Department of Energy.

2020 107

Analysis finds annual running cost of EVs less than ICE; but with purchase price factored in, it flips

Green Car Congress

Self Financial, a fintech company, has compared the running costs of electric and non-electric vehicles in each state. Across the US the average annual cost of running an electric vehicle is $2,721.96, while gasoline vehicles cost an average of $3,355.90 per year to run—a difference of $633.94 However, these annual costs don’t take into account the purchase cost of the vehicle itself and are purely the ‘running’ costs annually.

2020 75

Researchers calculate social cost of German nuclear phase-out at $12B/year; 70% from increased mortality risk

Green Car Congress

In a working paper for the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), a team from UC Berkeley, UC Santa Barbara and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) calculate that the social cost of the phase out of nuclear electricity production in Germany is approximately $12 billion per year. The decision to phase-out nuclear production in many countries seems to suggest that the expected costs of nuclear power exceed the benefits.

2020 91

Ammonia-salt solvent pretreatment for biomass could significantly reduce cost of cellulosic biofuels

Green Car Congress

Our pretreatment system can slash by up to 50-fold the use of enzymes to turn solvent-treated cellulose (plant fiber) into glucose (a sugar) used to make bioproducts like ethanol. Similar processes could greatly reduce the cost of producing biofuels from waste biomass like corn stalks and leaves. Next-generation ammonia-salt based pretreatment processes facilitate efficient breakdown of waste biomass such as corn stalks, leaves and other residue.

2020 88

Cost of air pollution revealed

Green Cars News

Potential harmful effects of air pollution are well known – but just what is the monetary cost of Europe’s largest polluting facilities? According to a new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA), air pollution from the 10,000 largest polluting facilities in the continent cost citizens between €102billion and €169billion in 2009 alone.

FCA US reaches settlements on diesel emissions at estimated cost of $800M

Green Car Congress

The estimated total cost of settlements is $0.8 FCA will provide free software update for an estimated 100,000 vehicles; service provided through an emissions recall and does not require any hardware modification Settlements include an average of $2,800 in compensation for each eligible customer affected by the recall Civil penalties under the settlement total approximately $400 million, payable to various U.S.

2019 103

What is the cost of usable energy for driving and heating our homes?

Green Car Congress

This analysis compares the costs of usable energy when we buy gasoline and electricity for driving and natural gas for keeping warm. The unifying approach in this comparison involves the use of Btu (British thermal units), coupled with the costs of gasoline, electricity, and natural gas, and the energy efficiencies of light-duty vehicles (cars and light trucks) and furnaces. The average retail cost of regular gasoline in 2018 was $2.719 per gallon.

2019 65

DOE: all-electric vehicles have the lowest estimated average annual fuel cost of all light-duty vehicles

Green Car Congress

The estimated annual fuel costs for model year (MY) 2019 all-electric light-duty vehicles are the lowest of all the different vehicle technologies, ranging from a low of $500 to a high of $900 per year, according to the US Department of Energy (DOE). The annual fuel costs for plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles, which can fuel with gasoline and electricity, are next lowest, and are heavily influenced by the electric range of the vehicle.

2019 98

Upstream Costs of Gasoline

Plugs and Cars

The United States uses 360 million gallons of gasoline each day. One tanker-truck load, a mere 8600 gallons of gasoline, exploded on a San Francisco Bay Area Freeway early Sunday morning, and the consequences will be felt for months. The effect of this one accident is being compared to the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, which also caused the collapse of Bay Area freeways.

2007 100

"Transmission Losses" - The Cost of Bio-fuels

Plugs and Cars

The Times has story of the consequences of crop production for bio-fuels: higher food prices and tragic irony.last year, 98 percent of cassava chips exported from Thailand, the world’s largest cassava exporter , went to just one place and almost all for one purpose: to China to make biofuel.It can be tricky predicting how new demand from the biofuel sector will affect the supply and price of food. In 2007 the government banned the use of grains to make biofuel.

2011 100

Canada's first Nissan Leaf electric car drive remains committed after five years

Green Car Reports

Over five years after they first went on sale, Nissan electric cars have racked up an impressive amount of mileage: more than 2.5 The Nissan Leaf has proven that electric cars can handle the rigors of daily driving just as well as internal-combustion models. Canada costs plug-in cars Cost Of Ownershipbillion kilometers (1.6 billion miles).

2016 86

PNNL-led project to boost productivity, lower cost of algae biofuels and bioproducts offering collaboration opportunities

Green Car Congress

The Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is leading the DISCOVR (Development of Integrated Screening, Cultivar Optimization and Verification) project to help find the best algae strains for biofuels and bioproducts to reduce the cost of producing bioenergy from algae feedstocks. A key cost driver for algae biofuels is productivity, which is directly tied to which algae strain is chosen and how it’s cultivated.

2019 75

Solar Toyota Prius, Tesla court case, the cost of clean energy: Today's Car News

Green Car Reports

The Connecticut Supreme Court will decide the future of Tesla stores. Cost estimates get real for renewable power plans. Toyota tests a solar-powered Prius in Japan. And General Motors cleans up not just its cars, but its factories and tires. Hybrids aren't just for cars and trains anymore. All this and more on Green Car Reports. In Japan, Toyota. Today in Car News

2019 73

Subaru using NI HIL technology to reduce time and cost of EV testing

Green Car Congress

Subaru is using NI (National Instruments) hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) technology to simulate actual road conditions for electric vehicle testing, eliminating environmental factors to reduce test time and costs. This complexity makes the job challenging for automotive test engineers with short development cycles and pressure to limit costs.

2018 81

The Cost of Misclassification: Businesses

MBO Partners

The cost of misclassification on businesses and what organizations can do to minimize risk Employee misclassification affects business owners, workers, and the government.

2017 28

How To Drive A Tesla Model S Electric Car Free For 18 Months

Green Car Reports

The low cost of electricity compared to gasoline or diesel means driving an electric car typically comes with significant savings per mile, even if not necessarily in purchase price. What could be better than dramatically reduced operating costs? Green Cost Of Ownership costs ownership costs plug-in cars

2015 87

US DRIVE releases comprehensive cradle-to-grave analysis of light-duty vehicle GHGs, cost of driving and cost of avoided GHGs

Green Car Congress

The US DRIVE Cradle-to-Grave Working Group has published the “Cradle-to-Grave Lifecycle Analysis of US Light-Duty Vehicle-Fuel Pathways: A Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economic Assessment of Current (2015) and Future (2025–2030) Technologies” Argonne National Lab Report. The study also estimates the technology readiness levels (TRLs) of key fuel and vehicle technologies along the pathways. C2G GHG emissions of various vehicle-fuel pathways.

2016 92

Automakers say fuel-economy rules hurt buyers; Consumers Union rebuts the claim

Green Car Reports

Many of their arguments center on costs—not only to the carmakers themselves, but also to car buyers. costs Fuel Economy transportation policy Cost Of OwnershipAutomaker lobbyists continue to push back against the stricter fuel-economy and emissions standards scheduled to take effect in the U.S. over the next decade. Regulators and automakers together acknowledge that complying with tougher.

2017 68

UPS collaborating with Workhorse to deploy 50 electric trucks; rivaling acquisition cost of conventional; no subsidies

Green Car Congress

UPS plans to deploy 50 plug-in electric delivery trucks that will be comparable in acquisition cost to conventional-fueled trucks without any subsidies—an industry first that would breaki a key barrier to large scale adoption of electric fleets. Each truck will have a range of approximately 100 miles between charges, ideal for delivery routes in and around cities. —Steve Burns, CEO of Workhorse Group.

2018 79

BMW i Ventures invests in GenXComm to increase speed and lower cost of 5G rollout; microphotonics-based full-duplex, high-speed communication

Green Car Congress

BMW i Ventures has invested in GenXComm , a company with technology that improves the performance and capacity of communication networks, and which aims to increase significantly the speed of global 5G deployment. GenXComm is ushering in the next revolution of computing and connectivity. GenXComm’s technology will rapidly increase the speed of 5G penetration that is critical for the future of connected vehicles.

2020 65

Study puts cost of decarbonizing shipping by 2050 at ~$1.4-$1.9T; largest investment needed in land-based systems

Green Car Congress

trillion—an average of $50 billion to $70 billion annually for 20 years. The report authors note that these figures should be viewed in the context of annual global investments in energy, which in 2018 alone amounted to US$1.85 of CO 2 emissions. If shipping is to fully decarbonize by 2050, this will require further investments of some $400 billion over 20 years, bringing the total to $1.4 Much of shipping’s decarbonization will take place on land.

2020 60

Lux Research: cost of electrofuels remains far from viable

Green Car Congress

Production costs per barrel of oil equivalent. The cost of electrofuels—fuels produced by catalyst-based systems for light capture, water electrolysis, and catalytic conversion of carbon dioxide and hydrogen to liquid fuels—remains far away from viable, according to a new analysis by Lux Research. are various sources of hydrogen, such as steam methane reforming of natural gas and gasification of biomass into syngas that can make hydrogen cheaper.

2014 76

Toyota Prius hybrid is cheapest car over 10 years that you can buy

Green Car Reports

The car itself has to meet the buyer's needs, but it's also important to consider long-term ownership costs—often more important than many people realize. The expenses of owning a car include not only things like fuel and insurance, but also maintenance over the life of a. Maintenance ownership Reliability ownership costs Cost Of OwnershipWhen it comes to buying a new car, there are many factors to consider.

2016 63

New OnStar app shows cost of Volt charging

Green Car Congress

OnStar is testing a smartphone app that tells Chevrolet Volt owners how much it costs to charge their battery and compares their Volt’s energy use with the total energy consumed in their home by day, month or year. The new app, called EcoHub, will initially be tested with and available to residents of the Pecan Street demonstration project, a smart grid living community in Austin. Down the line, we hope this app can be a beneficial tool for all drivers of electric vehicles.

2012 85

ADB: Projected cost of Uzbek Oltin Yo’l GTL plant increases by 37% to $5.6B

Green Car Congress

The projected cost of the Olin Yo’l GTL project in Uzbekistan ( earlier post ) will hit $5.6 As originally outlined by founding project partners Sasol, Petronas and Uzbekneftegaz, the project was estimated to cost some $4.1 The scope of the project includes a three-stage GTL process unit, utilities and offsites, and connecting pipeline and rail. The majority of production will be GTL diesel and GTL kerosene.

2014 106

ICL team assesses relative costs of carbon mitigation for 12 H2 production paths; trade-off between cost and level of decarbonization

Green Car Congress

A team at Imperial College London has examined the relative costs of carbon mitigation from a lifecycle perspective for 12 different hydrogen production techniques using fossil fuels, nuclear energy and renewable sources. As with all comparisons between fossil routes and renewables, cost and emissions data are frequently misused by advocates of all parties to push policy-makers and public opinion further along the polarizing debate of the role of fossil fuels in a low-carbon system.

2018 83

Report: VW AG internal analysis puts cost of diesel emissions scandal at more than €30B

Green Car Congress

Germany’s Manager Magazin reports that Volkswagen AG’s internal analysis puts the cost of the diesel emissions scandal at more than €30 billion (US$33 billion). As part of the new austerity program ( earlier post ), Volkswagen reportedly will freeze promotion for 2016, and try to use as many current components as possible for the next generation Golf. In addition to cost-cutting, the Group will put an increased emphasis on improving efficiency, the report said.

2015 79

NREL team shows wafer cost of gallium oxide can be >3× lower compared to SiC; 2x lower cost for power electronics

Green Car Congress

A team from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has shown by modeling that the wafer cost of an emerging Ga 2 O 3 wide bandgap semiconductor can be more than 3-times lower compared to SiC. This lower cost of the Ga 2 O 3 wafers should lead to less-expensive high-performance power electronic devices in the future. Modeled 6" wafer costs comparison for Ga 2 O 3 and SiC wafers, and the Ga 2 O 3 cost reduction potential.

2019 78

Diesel cars can save you money, but only a few diesel trucks do: analysis

Green Car Reports

While diesel vehicles have received a black eye in the form of the Volkswagen emissions scandal, they often still deliver better fuel economy than comparable gasoline models. But does a lower volume of fuel consumed necessarily translate into lower ownership costs? Fuel Economy Cost Of Ownership

2016 51

Tesla Model 3 Will Benefit From Lowest Battery Costs Of Any Maker: Jefferies

Green Car Reports

Whether Tesla can actually achieve those two targets has been the subject of much speculation. The Tesla Model 3 electric sedan will start production in 2017, if the carmaker can keep to its schedule. Tesla is aiming for a 200-mile range and $35,000 base price, in the hope that it can significantly increase volume with a more-affordable product. Batteries plug-in cars Tesla Model 3

2015 87

UMTRI study finds total cost of ownership of diesels in US often much less than gasoline counterparts

Green Car Congress

A comprehensive study of the total cost of ownership (TCO) of light- and medium-duty diesel passenger vehicles in the US has found that the total cost of ownership—depreciation, fuel costs, repairs, maintenance, insurance, and fees and taxes—is often much less for diesel vehicles as compared to gasoline versions of the same vehicles, mostly ranging from $2,000 to $7,000 over three to five years.

2015 93

DISCOVR project seeking high productivity algae to reduce cost of biofuels

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, with colleagues from Los Alamos, Sandia and NREL, are working to lower the cost of producing biofuels from algae. Numbers in red designate the number of strains tested at each TIER. Determining strains of algae that are highly productive could help lower the cost of biofuel production.

2017 60

Renewable plastic precursor could reduce cost of cellulosic ethanol by >$2/gallon

Green Car Congress

A team of chemical and biological engineers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison has developed a new chemical pathway a way to produce from biomass a valuable compound—1,5-pentanediol, a plastic precursor primarily used to make polyurethanes and polyester plastics—that they estimate could lower the cost of cellulosic ethanol by more than two dollars per gallon. Comparison of costs and MSPs for the DHH pathway with the direct hydrogenolysis pathway.

2017 65

ORNL study quantifies fuel economy costs of common driver practices and vehicle alterations

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have quantified the fuel economy effects of some common driver practices and vehicle accessories or alterations—including underinflated tires, open windows, and rooftop and hitch-mounted cargo. In addition, two minivans were subjected to coastdowns to examine the similarity in derived coefficients for two duplicate vehicles of the same model. l/100 km)—a drop of 9%.

2014 103

Lung Association report highlights health and climate costs of petroleum-based transportation and the benefits of shifting to ZEVs

Green Car Congress

A new report produced by the American Lung Association concludes that over-reliance on petroleum-based fuels for transportation costs the 10 ZEV states in the US (California and nine other states that have adopted the California Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program) an estimated $37 billion in health expenses and climate costs every year—with California costs alone hitting $15 billion. For the average driver, every tank of gas burned costs $18.42

2016 85

Study finds wide range in GHG intensities and production costs of cellulosic ethanol from corn stover, switchgrass and miscanthus

Green Car Congress

A team led by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has developed an integrated framework to determine and to compare greenhouse gas (GHG) intensities and production costs of cellulosic ethanol derived from corn stover, switchgrass, and miscanthus grown on high and low quality soils for three representative counties in the Eastern United States. Production cost of ethanol is annualized over the simulation period. 1 of GHG emissions.

2015 94

Lux Research: wide variance in cost of cellulosic feedstocks for bio-based fuels and chemicals

Green Car Congress

In a new report , Lux Research analysts have examined the costs and availability of cellulosic biomass sources for use as feedstock in bio-based fuels and chemicals. billion tons of cellulosic biomass available today—led by 1.2 billion tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) costs vary widely. Corn stover costs $91/MT, palm fruit bunches and fronds vary from $75/MT to $105/MT, while wood residues at $33/MT and bagasse $38/MT.

2014 80

Lux Research: fuel cell vehicles lag other drivetrains in terms of cost of ownership; ICE and HEV lowest cost

Green Car Congress

Based on an analysis of various cost of ownership scenarios for various drivetrains, including internal combustion engine (ICE) gasoline and diesel; hybrid (HEV); battery-electric (EV); plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV); and fuel cell vehicles, Lux Research concludes that fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) are “ solidly in a laggard position. ”. Fuel cell vehicles can match EV fuel costs at $3/kg dispensed H 2 —a price highly unlikely in near-term, Lux said.

2014 102

ITM Power reports its estimated cost of producing hydrogen via electrolysis down significantly from last year

Green Car Congress

ITM Power has provided an update on the cost structure of hydrogen generated by its HFuel electrolysis platform. The new estimated cost —US$4.13/kg after capital amortization—incorporates efficiency improvements, cost reduction of its HGas platform and data provided by Hyundai for the ix35 fuel cell electric vehicle ( earlier post ). ITM Power projects hydrogen cost at £4.19/kg (US$6.44/kg), a 32.7% 5% of sale price.

2013 103