May, 2016

Toyota R&D continues work on free piston linear generators for EVs; novel resonant pendulum control method

Green Car Congress

In 2014, a team at Toyota Central R&D Labs Inc. published two SAE papers on their work in developing a prototype 10 kW Free Piston Engine Linear Generator (FPEG) for B/C segment electric vehicles. Earlier post.) The FPEG consists of a two-stroke combustion system, a linear generator, and a gas spring chamber; the unit offers potential for compact build, high efficiency and high fuel flexibility.

2016 240

Nikola One 2000-hp natural gas-electric semi truck announced

Green Car Reports

What will Elon Musk think of this? There is now a second company named after inventor Nikola Tesla—and it too plans to build electric vehicles. Unlike Tesla Motors, though, the first products of the newly-revealed Nikola (pronounced Neek-oh-la) Motor Company won't be a sports car or a luxury sedan. DON'T MISS: Recovered Energy And. Trucks natural gas plug-in cars Commercial vehicle semis

2016 115
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Tesla Motors insane new goal, 500K cars/year in 2018

National Green Transportation

On Wednesday, Tesla Motors released their Q1 2016 financial results. The big news was not the $282 million GAAP loss for the quarter, nor that the Tesla Model X production is now humming along. Instead the big news

2016 52

Airbus APWorks unveils 3D-printed electric motorcycle; 35kg total, 6kg bionic structure frame

Green Car Congress

APWorks, a 100% subsidiary of Airbus Group, has unveiled the first 3D-printed motorcycle. Dubbed the Light Rider, the motorcycle is made using APWorks’ Scalmalloy material, and weighs only 35 kg (77 lbs). With a 6 kW electric motor powering it from zero to 80 km per hour in just seconds and a frame weighing a mere 6 kg (13 lbs), the world’s first 3D-printed electric motorcycle is 30% lighter than conventionally manufactured e-motorcycles.

2016 238

ORNL team engineers 1st high-performance, two-way oxide catalyst; outperforms platinum; potential for new electrochemistry systems

Green Car Congress

A research team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has created the first high-performance, two-way oxide catalyst and filed a patent application for the invention. The new bi-directional catalyst can outperform platinum in oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reactions (ORR and OER). The accomplishment is reported in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. The discovery may guide the development of new material systems for electrochemistry.

2016 236

The importance of considering non-exhaust traffic emissions; the role of EVs

Green Car Congress

Regulatory regimes seeking to reduce emissions from transport have largely focused on tailpipe emissions—i.e., the criteria pollutants and CO 2 that emerge with the exhaust from the tailpipe. However, there is more than 15 years of research showing that the contribution of non-exhaust primary particles to the total traffic generated primary particles is significant in urban areas. Non-exhaust PM factors include tire wear, brake wear, road surface wear and resuspension of road dust.

2016 235

Novelis commissions $120M finishing line for automotive aluminum sheet; importance of the closed-loop recycling program

Green Car Congress

Novelis, the world leader in aluminum rolling and recycling, celebrated the commissioning of its third CASH (Continuous Annealing Solution Heat) treatment finishing line for aluminum automotive sheet in Oswego, NY. Installed to support the production of stronger, lighter and safer vehicles, the $120-million CASH 3 line expands the company’s production to supply aluminum sheet for the body and cargo box of Ford’s 2017 F-150 SuperDuty pickups.

2016 231

More Trending

Argonne: longer-range BEVs may be almost as powertrain energy dense as gasoline vehicles by 2045

Green Car Congress

An analysis by a team at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) has found that by 2045, some configurations of battery electric vehicles (BEV) could become almost as energy dense as a conventional vehicle. The team presented their paper at the recent 2016 SAE World Congress. Hydrocarbon fuels (either fossil- or bio-derived) have high energy densities that are at least 100 times greater than that of a present day lithium-ion battery.

2016 212

Study finds farms a major source of fine-particulate air pollution

Green Car Congress

Emissions from farms outweigh all other human sources of fine-particulate air pollution in much of the United States, Europe, Russia and China, according a new study published in Geophysical Research Letters , a journal of the American Geophysical Union. Fumes from nitrogen-rich fertilizers and animal waste combine in the air with combustion emissions to form solid particles, which constitute a major source of disease and death, according to the new study.

2016 210

New GM 10-speed auto for Camaro ZL1 shifts quicker than DCT; to be applied in 8 other models by 2018

Green Car Congress

With faster upshifts than a dual-clutch transmission (DCT) and a wider overall gear ratio spread to optimize performance and efficiency, the all-new available GM Hydra-Matic 10-speed automatic transmission sets a new performance standard in the 2017 Camaro ZL1. The transmission is an all-new design—and the first application in a car—with a wider, 7.39 overall gear ratio spread, that enables the ZL1’s supercharged engine to remain at optimal engine speeds during upshifts.

2016 210

IHS: fuel cell vehicle production of > 70,000 annually by 2027; <0.1% of all vehicles produced; Europe to lead by 2021

Green Car Congress

A new report on fuel cell vehicles from IHS Automotive forecasts that global production of hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) will reach more than 70,000 vehicles annually by 2027, as more automotive OEMs bring FCEVs to market. However,this will only represent less than 0.1% of all vehicles produced, according to IHS Automotive forecasts.

2016 210

Worldwide sales of Toyota hybrids surpass 9 million units; Prius family accounts for 63%

Green Car Congress

Toyota Motor Corporation announced that the cumulative figures for global sales of its hybrid vehicles reached 9.014 million units as of 30 April. This latest million-unit milestone was achieved in just nine months. The Prius family still accounts for the majority of sales: 5.691 million units, or 63% of the total global cumulative number. Prius: 3.733 million; Prius α, Prius v, Prius +: 0.634 million; Aqua, Prius c: 1.249 million; Prius PHV: 0.075 million).

2016 204

Toshiba to start field testing medium-sized EV bus with wireless recharging, SCiB Li-ion battery

Green Car Congress

Toshiba Corporation has developed a fast, cable-free contactless charger for electric vehicles (EVs), and will field test it on a medium-sized EV bus designed to handle the power demands of regular high-speed journeys on expressways. Field tests will start from 1 June and continue until December. The 45-seat bus is powered by a long-life, high-output 52.9 kWh SCiB ( earlier post ) pack, Toshiba’s advanced lithium-ion rechargeable battery, and will make regular trips between All Nippon Airways Co.

2016 200

True Zero opens first hydrogen fueling station in California central coast region

Green Car Congress

True Zero has opened a hydrogen fueling station in Santa Barbara in the California central coast region—the latest addition to the world’s largest network of hydrogen-fuel stations being built in California by First Element Fuel , Inc. Top: The new Santa Barbara station. Bottom: Toyota Mirai refueling at a True Zero station. Click to enlarge.

2016 200

Argonne rolls out updated version of AFLEET alternative fuels and advanced vehicles analysis tool

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE’s) Argonne National Laboratory is releasing an updated version of its AFLEET tool to reflect the latest advances in alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies and updated emissions data. Sponsored by the DOE Clean Cities program, AFLEET (Alternative Fuel Life-Cycle Environmental and Economic Transportation Tool) is a free, publicly-available tool that provides users with a roadmap for assessing which types of vehicles and fuels are right for them.

2016 195

Total to acquire battery-maker Saft in US$1.1-billion deal

Green Car Congress

France-based energy major Total has filed a friendly tender offer on all of the issued and outstanding shares in the capital of advanced battery maker Saft with the French Financial Markets Authority (Autorité des Marchés Financiers, AMF). The proposed offer will target all of Saft’s issued and outstanding shares at a price of €36.50 per share, ex-dividend of €0.85 per share, valuing Saft’s equity at €950 million (US$1.1 billion). The offer price represents a 38.3%

2016 195

CMU study concludes lithium market fluctuations unlikely to impact Li-ion battery prices significantly

Green Car Congress

A new study by a team from Carnegie Mellon University’s College of Engineering has found that even large increases in lithium prices are unlikely to increase significantly the cost of batteries or battery packs for end users such as vehicle manufactures or consumers—although some manufacturers may see reduced profit margins. The study comes against the backdrop of a more than doubling of global lithium prices over the last 6 months.

2016 195

Hanyang/BMW team develops high-energy density Li-ion battery with carbon-nanotube-Si composite anode and NCM concentration gradient cathode

Green Car Congress

Researchers from Hanyang University in Korea and the BMW Group have developed a new fully operational, practical Li-ion rechargeable battery combining high energy density with excellent cycle life. A report on their work is published in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science. A carbon nanotube (CNT)-Si composite anode with extremely stable long-term cycling provides a discharge capacity of 2364 mAh g -1 at a tap density of 1.1

2016 190

Mitsubishi Motors admits to improper fuel consumption testing in 9 additional models

Green Car Congress

In April, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC) admitted to manipulating fuel consumption testing data for some 625,000 mini-cars representing four models it manufactured for sale in Japan by itself and partner Nissan. Earlier post.).

2016 190

Nissan and Enel to launch major V2G trial in the UK; LEAF and e-NV200

Green Car Congress

Nissan and multinational power company Enel will launch the first major vehicle-to-grid (V2G) trial carried out in the UK. The partners will install and connect 100 V2G units at locations agreed upon by private and fleet owners of the Nissan LEAF and e-NV200 electric van. By giving Nissan electric vehicle owners the ability to plug their vehicles into the V2G system, owners will have the flexibility and power to sell stored energy from their vehicle battery back to the National Grid.

2016 190

Daimler plans new €500M engine plant in Poland

Green Car Congress

Daimler AG plans to invest approximately €500 million (US$576 million) in a new production facility in Poland. The first Mercedes-Benz Cars plant in Poland is to be established in Jawor, about 70 kilometers west of Wroclaw, and will produce four-cylinder gasoline and diesel engines for Mercedes-Benz passenger cars.

Poland 190

Peugeot L500 R Hybrid PHEV racing concept

Green Car Congress

Peugeot has designed a new gasoline-electric plug-in hybrid racing concept: the L500 R Hybrid. Developed by Peugeot Sport teams, the 500-bhp plug-in hybrid powertrain features two electric motors (one front and one rear) plus a 270 hp gasoline engine, yielding peak torque of 730 N·m (538 lb-ft). With its wide track, low profile (just one meter high) and light weight (1,000 kg), the takes just 2.5 seconds to reach 100 km/h from standstill, and 19 seconds to cover 1000 meters.

2016 183

2017 Ford Fusion Energi PHEV boosts total range to 610 miles

Green Car Congress

Ford’s 2017 Fusion Energi—incorporating enhancements announced earlier this year at the Detroit Auto Show ( earlier post )—can travel 610 miles (982 km) on a full tank of gas and battery charge according to EPA estimates to be posted to fueleconomy.gov—the highest combined range of any plug-in hybrid sold in the US. The 2016 model of the Fusion Energi has a combined range of 550 miles (885 km). The 2017 Fusion Energi’s all-electric range is an estimated 21 miles (33.8

2016 183

10-year study shows how air pollution fosters heart disease; accelerated plaque build-up in arteries

Green Car Congress

Long-term exposure to particulate air pollution has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease, but the biological process has not been understood. A major, decade-long study of thousands of Americans has now found that people living in areas with more outdoor pollution—even at lower levels common in the United States—accumulate deposits in the arteries that supply the heart faster than do people living in less polluted areas. The study is published in The Lancet.

2016 183

European Fast-E project launches; 278 fast-charging points in Germany and Belgium

Green Car Congress

The Fast-E project, co-financed by the European Union and nine companies, has officially launched , with the objective of installing 241 fast-charging charging stations in Germany and 37 in Belgium. A sister project between the Czech Republic and Slovakia will add another 30 charging stations. The 278 charging points set up every 80 km along Germany and Belgium’s main motorways, will allow drivers of electric vehicles to “refuel” and extend their car’s range.

2016 183

Prieto Battery receives investment from Stanley Ventures to pursue commercialization of 3D Li-ion battery

Green Car Congress

Prieto Battery, a company commercializing a 3D Lithium-ion battery technology ( earlier post ), announced a strategic investment from Stanley Ventures, the newly-formed venture arm of Stanley Black & Decker, a world-leading provider of tools and storage, commercial electronic security and engineered fastening systems. Prieto Battery Inc. was founded in June 2009 to accelerate the shift of Prieto’s innovations from the research laboratory to the commercial marketplace.

2016 183

Columbia team develops simple, low-cost, scaleable membraneless electrolyzer fabricated with 3D printing for H2 production

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Columbia University are investigating the use of membraneless electrochemical flow cells for hydrogen production from water electrolysis that are based on angled mesh flow-through electrodes.

2016 183

U Mich study explores performance of renewable diesel, FT diesel and ULSD in PCCI combustion

Green Car Congress

A team at the University of Michigan has investigated the performance of three different fuels—ultralow sulfur diesel (ULSD), diesel fuel produced via a low temperature Fischer–Tropsch process (LTFT), and a renewable diesel (RD), which is a hydrotreated camelina oil under partially premixed compression ignition (PCCI) combustion. Their paper is published in the ACS journal Energy & Fuels.

2016 183

Ford expands Smart Mobility pilot program to deliver improved access to healthcare in The Gambia; motorcycles with sensors

Green Car Congress

Pregnant women, children and those with medical conditions in The Gambia—one of Africa’s smallest, poorest countries—may have better access to healthcare through an expansion of a Ford Smart Mobility pilot program.

Gambia 174

House bill proposes capping ethanol content in gasoline at 9.7%

Green Car Congress

US Representatives Bill Flores (R-TX), Peter Welch (D-VT), Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) and Jim Costa (D-CA) have introduced legislation— H.R. 5180 —that would cap the maximum volume of ethanol blended into the transportation fuel supply at 9.7% of projected gasoline demand as determined by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). It also requires EPA to meet its statutory deadlines in setting annual RFS volumes.

2016 174

WHO: Air pollution levels rising in many of the world’s poorest cities

Green Car Congress

More than 80% of people living in urban areas that monitor air pollution are exposed to air quality levels that exceed World Health Organization (WHO) limits, according to the organization. While all regions of the world are affected, populations in low-income cities are the most impacted. According to the latest urban air quality database , 98% of cities in low- and middle income countries with more than 100 000 inhabitants do not meet WHO air quality guidelines.

2016 174

Declining atmospheric sulfur levels due to pollution controls may lead to need for sulfur fertilizers for crops

Green Car Congress

Air pollution legislation to control fossil fuel emissions and the associated acid rain has worked—perhaps leading to the need for sulfur fertilizers for crop production. A University of Illinois study drawing from over 20 years of data shows that sulfur levels in Midwest watersheds and rivers have steadily declined, so much so that farmers may soon need to consider applying sulfur. The study is published as an open-access paper in the Journal of Environmental Quality.

2016 174

Kreisel Electric expanding capacity with construction of new Li-ion battery plant

Green Car Congress

Kreisel Electric, an Austrian developer and manufacturer of high-performance battery packs for electric mobility and stationary energy storage systems, is expanding its production capacity to 800,000 kWh per year with the construction of a new battery plant. The 6,276 m 2 factory will be equipped with a fully automated production line.

2016 174

2017 Ford F-150 to offer 2nd-gen 3.5L EcoBoost with dual direct and port fuel injection; 10-speed automatic

Green Car Congress

The 2017 Ford F-150 will offer an all-new, second-generation 3.5-liter EcoBoost engine and 10-speed transmission. The new 3.5-liter EcoBoost engine will provide 30 lb-ft more peak torque compared with the first-generation 3.5-liter EcoBoost engine, up to a best-in-class 450 lb-ft (610 N·m) for a V6. F-150 remains the only truck in its segment to offer a twin-turbo V6 gasoline engine.

2016 174

ORNL, Cincinnati Incorporated sign additive manufacturing patent license agreement

Green Car Congress

The Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Cincinnati Incorporated have signed a nonexclusive licensing agreement on ORNL patents related to large-scale additive manufacturing. ORNL is a research leader in the production of large-scale 3-D printed materials, refining industrial processes to decrease costs and increase efficiency.

2016 163

Volvo Trucks’ new concept truck cuts fuel consumption by more than 30%

Green Car Congress

With support from the Swedish Energy Agency, Volvo Trucks has developed a new concept vehicle, the Volvo Concept Truck. The result of a five-year long research project aimed at creating more energy-efficient vehicles, the new concept truck cuts fuel consumption by more than 30%. The aim of the project is to improve the efficiency for long-haul truck transportation by 50%.

2016 163

Furrer + Frey proposes tractor swapping as solution for electrification of long-haul trucking

Green Car Congress

Furrer + Frey, a provider of rail electrification and rapid charging systems for transport, is proposing tractor swapping as a solution for the electrification of long-haul trucking. Furrer + Frey is a long-time partner of Opbrid, the provider of the overhead pantograph-based ultra-fast charging Opbrid Bůsbaar for buses ( earlier post ). At IAA 2014, Opbrid introduced the Trůkbaar for heavy-duty trucks; the Trůkbaar is one element for the Furrer + Frey tractor swapping solution.

2016 163