Startup licenses ORNL technology for converting organic waste to hydrogen

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The technologies work as a system that converts organic waste into renewable hydrogen gas for use as a biofuel. The system combines biology and electrochemistry to degrade organic waste—such as plant biomass or food waste—to produce hydrogen. During the microbial electrolysis process, a diverse microbial community first breaks down organic material. He is now a research professor at the University of Tennessee, while also working with the startup.

2019 98

New concept with anthraquinone-based organic cathode advances aluminum battery technology

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Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, and the National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, have developed a new concept for an aluminum battery delivering twice the energy density as previous versions, made of abundant materials, and with the potential to reduce production costs and environmental impact. The new battery uses an anode made of aluminum and a cathode made of an anthraquinone-based organic material.

2019 102

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Light-powered nano-bio hybrid organisms consume CO2, create plastics and fuels

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University of Colorado Boulder researchers have developed nanobio-hybrid organisms capable of using airborne carbon dioxide and nitrogen to produce a variety of plastics and fuels, a promising first step toward low-cost carbon sequestration and eco-friendly manufacturing for chemicals.

2019 109

New organic cathode for high performance solid-state sodium-ion battery

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Researchers at the University of Houston have now developed an organic cathode that improves both stability and energy density. The flexibility of the organic cathode allowed it to maintain intimate contact at the interface with the solid electrolyte, even as the cathode expanded and contracted during cycling. The organic cathode demonstrated here is (electro)chemically and mechanically compatible with a sulfide electrolyte. Credit: University of Houston.

2019 93

New porous coordination polymer captures CO2, converts it to useful organic materials

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A new material that can selectively capture CO 2 molecules and efficiently convert them into useful organic materials has been developed by researchers at Kyoto University, along with colleagues at the University of Tokyo and Jiangsu Normal University in China. The new material is a porous coordination polymer (PCP, also known as MOF; metal-organic framework), a framework consisting of zinc metal ions.

2019 88

Columbia team organizes available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health

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Researchers at Columbia University, with colleagues at Boston University and Abt Associates, have identified concentration-response (C-R) functions for a number of adverse health outcomes in children associated with air pollutants largely from fossil fuel combustion. The study, led by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health (CCCEH), organized the available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health.

2018 85

Sulfur-rich organic cathode material for high-performance Li-S batteries

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Researchers at Beihang University in Beijing have developed a linear molecule sulfur-rich organic material as sulfur cathode for a lithium-sulfur battery. From this point, S–S bonds contained compounds might become the potential candidates for cathode materials, such as metal multisulfide (TiS 4 , MoS 3 , etc), organosulfur composite and organic multisulfide (disulfide/trisulfide/tetrasulfide) compounds.

2019 78

Organically synthesized porous carbon shows “exceptional” potential as Li-ion anode material

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A international team of researchers, led by Lancaster University in the UK and Jilin University in China, reports the first organically synthesized sp?sp D Organically Synthesized Porous Carbon.” sp 3 hybridized porous carbon, OSPC?1. The new carbon shows electron conductivity, high porosity, the highest uptake of lithium ions of any carbon material to?date date and the ability to inhibit dangerous lithium dendrite formation.

2018 65

IBM and Stanford University Developing New Organic Catalysts for New Types of Biodegradeable, Biocompatible Plastics

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Scientists from IBM and Stanford University are developing organic molecules for use as catalysts (organocatalysis) that could lead to the development of new types of biodegradable, biocompatible plastics. In a Perspective published in the ACS journal Macromolecules , they highlight the opportunities and challenges in the use of organic molecules as catalysts for polymerization reactions.

2010 73

Researchers create first soluble 2D supramolecular organic frameworks

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Researchers with the US Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), China’s Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry and Fudan University have unveiled the first two-dimensional supramolecular organic frameworks (SOFs) that self-assemble in solution, an important breakthrough that holds implications for sensing and separation technologies, energy sciences, and, perhaps most importantly, biomimetics.

2013 78

U-M researchers nearly double efficiency of organic thermoelectric materials

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A research team from the University of Michigan has nearly doubled the efficiency of certain organic thermoelectric materials. These convert heat into electricity more than four times as efficiently as the organic semiconductors created to date. for organic semiconductors. U-M researchers improved upon the state-of-the-art in organic semiconductors by nearly 70 percent, achieving a figure-of-merit of 0.42

2013 78

Clariant Catalysts collaborates with Hydrogenious on Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) technology

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Hydrogenious Technologies has developed an innovative means of transporting hydrogen by chemically binding the molecules to Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers (LOHC). In the method, hydrogenation of the liquid organic hydrocarbon dibenzyltoluene via Clariant’s EleMax H catalyst allows hydrogen to be “stored”, while its dehydrogenation with EleMax D “releases” hydrogen on demand.

2018 60

USC team develops novel organic redox flow battery for large-scale energy storage

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Scientists at USC have developed a novel water-based Organic Redox Flow Battery (ORBAT) for lower cost, long lasting large-scale energy storage. ORBAT employs two different water-soluble organic redox couples on the positive and negative side of a flow battery. Aiming to overcome these disadvantages, we have demonstrated for the first time an aqueous redox flow battery that uses water-soluble organic redox couples at both electrodes that are metal-free. Schematic of ORBAT.

2014 97

S. Korean organizations collaborate on development of near-supersonic (~1,000 km/h) Korean Hyperloop train

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In the memorandum of understanding, the eight organizations promised to collaborate on the development of core technologies for the near-supersonic Korean Hyperloop train, also known as Hyper Tube Express (HTX). UNIST is the only university, embarked on a joint study of Hyper Tube and is currently working on the designs for both HTX and its station building.

2017 73

Study reorders significance of fungal and bacterial decomposition of organic matter; impact on climate models

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In a 23-year experiment, a team from Lund University, Sweden, and the University of New Hampshire has determined that the common understanding of how organic material is decomposed by fungi and bacteria is fundamentally wrong. Decomposition of soil organic matter is then mainly carried out by fungi and bacteria, which convert dead plant materials into carbon dioxide and mineral nutrients. —Johannes Rousk, researcher in Microbial Ecology at Lund University.

2015 75

Anglo American Platinum invests in Hydrogenious Technologies; liquid organic hydrogen carrier technology for H2 storage

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South Africa-based Anglo American Platinum , the world’s leading primary producer of platinum group metals (PGMs), has invested in the first close of the Series A financing round of Hydrogenious Technologies, a company developing liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC) hydrogen storage technology. Hydrogenious Technologies is a spin-off from the University of Erlangen- Nuremberg (Germany), which also holds a stake in the company, and the Bavarian Hydrogen Center.

2014 83

University of Kentucky chemist receives NSF grant to study atmospheric reactions of pollution

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University of Kentucky Chemistry Professor Marcelo Guzman has received a three-year grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for research, education and outreach efforts in the field of environmental and atmospheric chemistry. My work with environmental chemistry focuses on the interaction of gases with organic compounds present in low water activity environments such as the atmospheric aerosol, clouds and fog.

Toyota establishes joint research institute with Tsinghua University; hydrogen and advanced mobility

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Toyota Motor Corporation and Tsinghua University are establishing the Tsinghua - Toyota Joint Research Institute (Joint Research Institute). Toyota and Tsinghua University have engaged in research projects together since 1998, conducting technology courses and pursuing other related activities. The two plan to conduct various research together over the next five years through the institute.

2019 75

CMU study finds secondary organic aerosol production from PFI and GDI vehicles has been “substantially” reduced by tightening NMOG standards

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Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) is a major component of fine particulate matter—which causes adverse health effects—even in urban environments; vehicles may be a dominant source of SOA in urban areas, although there is still an ongoing debate over SOA formation from on-road sources. Compared to hot operations, cold-start exhaust had lower effective SOA yields, but still contributed more SOA overall because of substantially higher organic gas emissions.

2018 65

McGill team develops simple system for reversible H2 storage using organic cyclic hydrocarbons; alternative route to solar fuels

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A team at McGill University in Canada has developed a reversible hydrogen storage/release system based on the metal-catalyzed hydrogenation and photo-induced dehydrogenation of organic cyclic hydrocarbons at room temperature. Unfortunately, the problem of hydrogen storage and transportation is a major obstacle to employing hydrogen as a universal fuel since hydrogen has a very low volumetric density at ambient conditions.

2015 99

Kanazawa University-led researchers recycle rare-earth elements from spent fluorescent lamps by chemical/mechanical treatment

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A team led by Kanazawa University in Japan has developed a cleaner method for the recycling of several rare earths (REs) such as yttrium (Y) and europium (Eu) used as phosphors in fluorescent lamps (FLs). Chelators—organic compounds containing elements such as N or O—bond to metals through electron donation. Credit: Kanazawa University.

2018 88

Organic cathode material for high-capacity Li-ion battery with fast charge and discharge

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Researchers from Kyoto University and Panasonic have developed a rechargeable Li-ion battery using a new organic cathode material that exhibits “ remarkable ” charge–discharge properties with a high specific capacity of 231 mAh/g, excellent rechargeability (83% of the capacity retained after 500 cycles), and charge–discharge ability (90% of the capacity at 30 C as compared to 1 C). Versatility of chemical structures is a benefit of functional materials based on organic molecules.

2012 96

Liverpool team develops better material for PEM fuel cells; porous organic cage solids with 3D protonic conductivity

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In the search for more effective PEMs, reseachers have looked to porous solids such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) or covalent organic frameworks. Researchers led by a team at the University of Liverpool (UK) now report in an open-access paper in the journal Nature Communications that they have developed crystalline porous molecular solids where the proton transport occurs in 3D pathway by virtue of the native channel structure and topology.

2016 69

Monash University, Toyota Research Institute team develop family of borane-based ionic liquids for advanced battery electrolytes

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A team from Monash University, a leading university in Australia, and the Toyota Research Institute North America (TRINA), a division of Toyota Motor North America R&D (TMNA) based in Ann Arbor, Michigan, reports a novel family of closo-boron-cluster based room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). The electrolyte in current Li-ion batteries typically consists of an organic electrolyte that is generally flammable and volatile.

2018 95

Auburn University leads $2M DOE Co-Optima project to evaluate renewable butyl acetate as diesel fuel additive

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Auburn University researchers are leading a $2-million US Department of Energy Co-Optima project ( earlier post ) that will evaluate renewable butyl acetate (BA) as a bio-based fuel additive that can be blended with diesel fuel to reduce soot and greenhouse gas emissions and yield cleaner engine operation in cold-weather conditions. Joining as collaborators in the research are Cornell University, the University of Alabama, Virginia Tech and corporate partners Microvi Biotech Inc.

2018 85

Open Charge Alliance selects OASIS as the standard development organization for Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP)

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The Open Charge Alliance ( OCA ) consortium has decided to standardize the Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP) at OASIS , an international open standards development organization (SDO). OCA was formed to create a universal open communication standard—OCPP—to address the challenges associated with proprietary charging networks and to enable seamless communication between charging stations and vendor central systems.

2015 60

Tohoku team develops rechargeable quasi-solid state lithium battery with organic crystalline cathode

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The cross-section of an organic crystalline all-solid battery. The cathode contains a room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) and organic crystals in a sealed environment. A pair of researchers at Tohoku University in Japan have developed a novel rechargeable solid-state lithium battery with an organic crystalline cathode. The battery features a novel cell design which prevents dissolution of the organic cathode compounds.

2012 80

New Center for Energy and Environmental Chemistry opens in Jena; organic radical batteries, redox flow batteries and high-temperature batteries

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Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU) and the Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems Hermsdorf / (IKTS) are launching the new Center for Energy and Environmental Chemistry (CEEC) at Jena in Germany. CEEC Jena will focus on three types of batteries: organic radical batteries, redox flow batteries and high-temperature batteries (such as sodium-sulfur batteries), with applications for the latter two targeted at energy storage from renewable generation.

2012 87

Columbia University engineers make breakthrough in understanding electroreduction of CO2 for conversion to electrofuels

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Researchers at Columbia University have solved the first piece of the puzzle; they have proved that CO 2 electroreduction begins with one common intermediate, not two as was commonly thought. In addition, our insight into CO 2 activation at the solid-water interface will enable researchers to better model the prebiotic scenarios from CO 2 to complex organic molecules that may have led to the origin of life on our planet.

2018 73

Japan NEDO launches major $90M solid-state Li-ion battery project targeting EVs; 23 companies, 15 universities/research institutes

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Japan’s New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) has launched the second phase of a major solid-state Li-ion battery project in a quest to achieve both high energy density and safety in batteries for electric vehicles. NEDO set a target date of fiscal 2022 for the core technologies; prior NEDO work in solid-state battery research primarily engaged materials makers.

2018 76

UC Irvine study finds organic constituents of UFP play important role in heart disease; suggestions for more effective emission control

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Results of a study funded and released by the California Air Resources Board (ARB) suggest that the organic constituents of ultrafine PM (UFP, particles ? technology for the removal of the organic constituents as well as the reduction of the number of particles. PM comprises solid, liquid, and semi-volatile organic components. Particle scale.

2013 80

PNNL and Queensland University of Technology formalize bioenergy research partnership

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The Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia, have collaborated on bioenergy and microbial biotechnology in the past. PNNL microbiologist Alex Beliaev is expected to hold the first joint research appointment between the two organizations.

2016 60

Study finds lubricating oil the dominant source of primary organic aerosol from both diesel and gasoline vehicles

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Findings from a study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley and Berkeley National Laboratory suggest that lubricating oil is the dominant source of primary organic aerosol (POA) from both gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles. Motor vehicles are major sources of organic carbon emissions, with implications for human health and air quality, especially in urban areas.

2014 75

Researchers Suggest Organic Computing Approach to Traffic Light Control

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An organic computing-based approach to traffic light control, might help solve the problem of controlling road traffic in congested areas and avoid traffic jams and gridlock, according to research published this month in the International Journal of Autonomous and Adaptive Communications Systems. The authors are members of the Organic Traffic Control Collaborative (OTC 2 ), a joint project between the two universities. Organic Traffic Control Collaborative.

2009 65

Study of working fluid selection for organic Rankine cycle waste heat recovery

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A study of nine different pure organic working fluids for organic Rankine cycle (ORC) engine waste heat recovery by a team from Beijing University of Technology, Tsinghua University, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences found that R11, R141b, R113 and R123 manifest slightly higher thermodynamic performances than the others; however, R245fa and R245ca are the most environment-friendly working fluids for engine waste heat-recovery applications.

2011 69

NREL modifies organism to produce ethylene via photosynthesis: alternative to fossil-fuel based ethylene for chemicals and transportation fuels

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PCC 6803—and demonstrated that the organism remained stable through at least four generations, producing ethylene gas that could be easily captured. The organism produced ethylene at a high rate and is still being improved. Conversely, the process recycles carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, since the organism utilizes the gas as part of its metabolic cycle. And it isn’t going to be a food buffet for other organisms.

2012 85

MUCHACHAS study finds aging of organic aerosols is caused by OH radicals; climate models need to be updated

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An international team of researchers has discovered that chemical aging determines to a major extent the concentration and the characteristics of organic aerosol particles, which have a significant effect on climate. The Muchachas project looked at organic aerosols, which constitute the largest proportion of chemical airborne particles. The experiments showed that the mass and composition of organic aerosols are significantly influenced by OH radicals.

2012 80

University of Maryland wins 2012 Hydrogen Student Design Contest

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The team of the University of Maryland is the winner of the 2012 Hydrogen Student Design Contest, announced on Sunday by the US Department of Energy at the Young Scientist Symposium of the World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2012 in Toronto, Canada. For the 2012 Contest, students were challenged to plan and design a tri-generation system that produces electricity, heat, and hydrogen for their university campus.

2012 86

New silica-organic hybrid absorbents deliver among highest performance yet reported for CO2 capture from air

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A team from the Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute and Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, reports on an improved material for capturing carbon dioxide from the air—silica?organic organic hybrid adsorbents—in a paper published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. mmol/g) with a comparable organic amine content of 36% and closer to the ones obtained on an HAS with a higher organic content of 42.5% (1.72

2012 73

Bluesky and University of Leicester form joint venture for air quality monitoring

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Aerial mapping company Bluesky and the University of Leicester are forming a new joint venture—EarthSense Systems—focused on air quality monitoring. Building on more than four years of collaboration between the two organisations, the new company will initially deliver static sensors, data modelling and derived datasets to UK local and central government organizations.

2016 69

New thermally durable solid-state Li-ion battery technology from Hitachi and Tohoku University

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and Tohoku University’s Advanced Institute for Material Research (AIMR) have demonstrated technology reducing the internal resistance of all-solid-state lithium ion batteries (Li-ion battery) through the use of LiBH 4 -based complex hydrides as novel solid electrolytes. The battery is filled with organic electrolyte solution in which lithium ions move between the two electrode layers during the charge and discharge process. Hitachi, Ltd.

2015 86

University of Tennessee to head $250M advanced composites manufacturing institute; Ford, Honda and Volkswagen members

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The Department of Energy and a consortium of 122 companies, nonprofits, and universities led by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville will invest more than $250 million—$70 million in federal funds and more than $180 million in non-federal funds—to launch a Manufacturing Innovation Institute for Advanced Composites—the fifth institute to be awarded of the eight national institute competitions launched earlier ( earlier post ).

2015 81

Free piston/ORC system for automotive waste heat recovery being tested at University of Brighton

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A prototype automotive waste heat recovery system has been fired up on a recently commissioned test rig at the University of Brighton. The organic Rankine cycle test rig uses a novel linear free piston expander from Libertine ( earlier post ) to overcome the technical and economic barriers to using Rankine cycle technology for automotive waste heat recovery.

2015 78