Startup licenses ORNL technology for converting organic waste to hydrogen

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The technologies work as a system that converts organic waste into renewable hydrogen gas for use as a biofuel. The system combines biology and electrochemistry to degrade organic waste—such as plant biomass or food waste—to produce hydrogen. During the microbial electrolysis process, a diverse microbial community first breaks down organic material. We waste about 40% of food that is produced in the world today, which generates methane in landfills.

2019 98

TU/ecomotive develops waste-free car with UBQ: Luca

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Every year, Netherland-based student company TU/ecomotive produces an electric car with a team of 21 BA students from the Eindhoven University of Technology, with the aim of showing the world that a hypothetical, sustainable car of the future can be a reality today.

2020 111

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Free piston/ORC system for automotive waste heat recovery being tested at University of Brighton

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A prototype automotive waste heat recovery system has been fired up on a recently commissioned test rig at the University of Brighton. The organic Rankine cycle test rig uses a novel linear free piston expander from Libertine ( earlier post ) to overcome the technical and economic barriers to using Rankine cycle technology for automotive waste heat recovery. Engines Vehicle Systems Waste Heat Recovery

2015 78

UN: global e-waste surging; up 21% in 5 years

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million metric tonnes (Mt) of electronic waste was generated worldwide in 2019, up 21% in just five years, according to the UN’s Global E-waste Monitor 2020. The new report also predicts that global e-waste (discarded products with a battery or electrical plug) will reach 74 Mt by 2030—almost a doubling of e-waste tonnage in just 16 years. of 2019’s e-waste was collected and recycled. In per capita terms, last year’s discarded e-waste averaged 7.3

2020 73

Study of working fluid selection for organic Rankine cycle waste heat recovery

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A study of nine different pure organic working fluids for organic Rankine cycle (ORC) engine waste heat recovery by a team from Beijing University of Technology, Tsinghua University, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences found that R11, R141b, R113 and R123 manifest slightly higher thermodynamic performances than the others; however, R245fa and R245ca are the most environment-friendly working fluids for engine waste heat-recovery applications.

2011 69

Researchers developing free-piston linear generator for exhaust waste heat recovery

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Researchers in China have developed a novel free-piston linear generator (FPLG) to recover exhaust waste heat efficiently from a vehicle engine. The FPLG can be used in a small-scale organic Rankine cycle (ORC) system and can directly convert the thermodynamic energy of working fluid into electricity. Beijing University of Technology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles in Beijing, and Datong North Tianli Turbocharging Technology Co.,

2017 69

IBM and Stanford University Developing New Organic Catalysts for New Types of Biodegradeable, Biocompatible Plastics

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Scientists from IBM and Stanford University are developing organic molecules for use as catalysts (organocatalysis) that could lead to the development of new types of biodegradable, biocompatible plastics. In a Perspective published in the ACS journal Macromolecules , they highlight the opportunities and challenges in the use of organic molecules as catalysts for polymerization reactions.

2010 73

ORCnext project concludes waste heat recovery efficiency can be boosted by 20-25%

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The four-year projet ORCNext , aimed at developing knowledge and design tools for next generation of Organic Rankine Cycles (ORCs), has concluded that waste heat recovery efficiency can be increased by 20 to 25% through appropriate cycle selection, efficient expanders, appropriate control and less oversizing of the heat exchangers. The Rankine Cycle transfers waste heat to a working fluid at a constant pressure. Engines Fuel Efficiency Waste Heat Recovery

2016 65

Kanazawa University-led researchers recycle rare-earth elements from spent fluorescent lamps by chemical/mechanical treatment

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A team led by Kanazawa University in Japan has developed a cleaner method for the recycling of several rare earths (REs) such as yttrium (Y) and europium (Eu) used as phosphors in fluorescent lamps (FLs). As reported in Waste Management , instead of using acid extractants to dissolve the REs trapped in the spent lamps, the Kanazawa team turned to chelator chemistry. Chelators—organic compounds containing elements such as N or O—bond to metals through electron donation.

2018 88

Eindhoven University of Technology to make biofuels from its own wood waste; cyclic oxygenate CyclOx and ethanol

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Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) are developing a small-scale demonstration reactor that will process 40 tons of wood waste per year from the university into replacements for diesel fuel and gasoline. TU/e aims with this project to demonstrate the viability of small-scale, environment-friendly fuel production from its own waste material at competitive prices. This will be offered at the university pump in a 10:90 mixture with gasoline.

2011 78

Waste Management Invests In Terrabon Waste-to-Renewable Gasoline Venture

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Waste Management, Inc. has invested in waste-to-fuel company Terrabon, LLC. Terrabon is the developer of a carboxylic acid fermentation platform licensed from Texas A&M University for the conversion of biomass to fuel intermediates that can then be upgraded into industrial chemicals and renewable gasoline. Waste Management is the leading provider of comprehensive waste management and environmental services in North America.

Waste 86

Simulation study suggests ORC waste heat recovery system could deliver potential 7% improvement in fuel consumption in a PHEV on highway

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A simple Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) waste heat recovery system could recover up to 10% of engine waste heat under highway driving conditions, corresponding to a potential 7% improvement in fuel consumption in a light-duty plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), with low penalization of the added weight to the vehicle electric range, according to a simulation study by researchers from the University of Stuttgart and the Ohio State University.

2012 103

Waste Management makes strategic investment in waste-to-syngas company Agnion

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Waste Management has made a strategic investment in Agnion Energy , Inc. Waste Management joins other investors in Agnion including,Kleiner Perkins Caufield Byers, Munich Venture Partners and Wellington Partners. Typical customers for this technology are end-users looking for solutions to their high heating and electricity demands, such as schools/universities, warehouses/distribution centers, shopping malls, hotels and hospitals.

Waste 81

University of Maryland wins 2012 Hydrogen Student Design Contest

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The team of the University of Maryland is the winner of the 2012 Hydrogen Student Design Contest, announced on Sunday by the US Department of Energy at the Young Scientist Symposium of the World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2012 in Toronto, Canada. For the 2012 Contest, students were challenged to plan and design a tri-generation system that produces electricity, heat, and hydrogen for their university campus.

2012 86

Researchers Suggest Organic Computing Approach to Traffic Light Control

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An organic computing-based approach to traffic light control, might help solve the problem of controlling road traffic in congested areas and avoid traffic jams and gridlock, according to research published this month in the International Journal of Autonomous and Adaptive Communications Systems. The authors are members of the Organic Traffic Control Collaborative (OTC 2 ), a joint project between the two universities. Organic Traffic Control Collaborative.

2009 65

Ricardo and Recycling Technologies to characterize Plaxx plastic-waste-derived-fuel for marine applications

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Recycling Technologies is industrializing a process—originally developed at the University of Warwick (UK)—to convert residual plastic waste into a low-sulfur hydrocarbon compound called Plaxx. Plaxx is created from residual mixed plastic waste that is not amenable to direct recycling and would otherwise go to landfill. In the European Union alone, more than 25 million tonnes of post-consumer waste plastic is produced each year. UK-based.

2016 60

U Florida team using fungi to extract cobalt and lithium from waste batteries

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A team of researchers University of South Florida is using naturally occurring fungi to drive an environmentally friendly recycling process to extract cobalt and lithium from tons of waste batteries. Although a global problem, the US leads the way as the largest generator of electronic waste. The idea first came from a student who had experience extracting some metals from waste slag left over from smelting operations.

2016 60

WSU, PNNL researchers convert algal biofuel waste from hydrothermal liquefaction into commodity using anaerobes; sewage sludge next

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Researchers at Washington State University and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have devised a method of converting a waste product generated by the conversion of algae into bio-crude into a usable and valuable commodity. The first step—hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL)—produces waste; approximately 25 to 40 percent of carbon and 80 percent of nutrients from the algae are left behind in wastewater streams.

2017 60

Keasling: metabolic engineering will soon rival and potentially eclipse synthetic organic chemistry; designer cells for fuels and chemicals

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He also holds joint appointments with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), where he oversees that institute’s biosciences research programs, and the University of California (UC), Berkeley, where he serves as director of the Synthetic Biology Engineering Research Center, and is the Hubbard Howe Jr. agricultural and forest waste, dedicated energy crops, etc.) The future of engineered biocatalysts.

2010 83

Drayson Racing and Aston University partner to investigate 2G biofuels for high performance cars

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Drayson Racing and Aston University (UK) have launched a major partnership to develop and demonstrate low carbon automotive technologies. The partnership will investigate second-generation biofuels—biofuels derived from waste biomass such as straw, wood and sewage sludge—to create high performance cars with reduced CO 2 emissions. The University’s European Bioenergy Research Institute (EBRI) is a leader in biofuels and biomass research.

2011 76

UC Riverside researchers receive two grants to advance steam hydrogasification reaction for waste-to-fuels

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CERT) at the Bourns College of Engineering have received two grants to further explore a steam hydrogasification process they developed to convert waste into fuels. The CEC grant will allow for the completion of a process demonstration unit at CERT that will provide data needed before a proposed pilot plant is built at the city of Riverside’s waste water treatment facility.

2011 76

Colorado State University Professor Developing Anaerobic Digester With Lower Water Requirements; Targeted at US Western States

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A Colorado State University professor is developing an anaerobic digester that turns animal waste into methane using much less water than conventional technology, making it more economically feasible and easier for use by feedlots and dairies in Western states. High liquid content waste is required by existing technology to enable pumping and mixing of the waste in addition to stimulation of the growth of microorganisms that convert waste into methane.

Vattenfall and Aalborg University Partner with SCF Technologies on Near Supercritical Bio-oil Process

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Vattenfall and Aalborg University are partnering with Danish startup SCF Technologies in a two-year project to design a demonstration plant based on SCF’s CatLiq process—an application of the firm’s supercritical fluid technology in the catalytic production of bio-oil from organic waste. CatLiq converts biomass and organic wastes in water at near or supercritical conditions (280-350 °C and 180-250 bar). Overview of the CatLiq process. Source: SCF Technologies.

2009 78

Neste Oil Looking to Waste-based Microbial Oil As Feedstock for NExBTL Renewable Diesel

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Neste Oil has applied for patents to cover technology developed to produce microbial oil from waste and residues with the help of various yeasts and molds for use as a feedstock for its NExBTL renewable diesel. Research work started with the Aalto University School of Science and Technology at the end of 2007 has resolved the process technology-related challenges involved, according to the company.

2010 73

COMAC of China, Boeing open Energy Conservation Center; first focus on aviation biofuel from waste cooking oil

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The Boeing-COMAC Technology Center’s first research project will explore opportunities to refine waste cooking oil, often described in China as “gutter oil,” into sustainable aviation biofuel. Funded by both companies, the Boeing-COMAC Technology Center is working with China-based universities and research institutions to expand knowledge in areas such as sustainable aviation biofuels and air traffic management that improve commercial aviation’s efficiency and reduce carbon emissions.

2012 81

Syntec Biofuel and EERC Enter Joint Development Program to Convert Biomass and Waste to Bio-Butanol

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has entered into a joint development program with the Energy & Environmental Research Center ( EERC ) at the University of North Dakota (UND) in Grand Forks for converting a wide variety of biomass and waste into bio-butanol. Overview of Syntec’s B2A process. Click to enlarge. Syntec Biofuel Inc.

2010 78

DOE to award $35M to 24 projects to support early-stage, innovative technologies and solutions in advanced manufacturing

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Organization. Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. The University of Illinois will conduct research to develop a composite plastic heat exchanger for a low temperature gas streams common in industry. Colorado State University. Iowa State University. Michigan State University. Temple University. University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). University of Maryland. University of Texas at Dallas. Yale University.

2018 60

Heterogeneous Catalyst Reactor Technology Produces High-Quality Biodiesel with No Aqueous Waste Stream; Lower Capital and Operating Costs

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A spin-off from the University of Amsterdam (UvA), Yellow Diesel B.V. , is commercializing a reactor technology based on heterogeneous catalysis for the production of high-quality biodiesel plus a cosmetics/food grade glycerol, with practically no waste streams. The Yellow Diesel process eliminates all the aqueous waste streams that stem from using the conventional homogeneous acid/base catalyst technology. the holding company of the University of Amsterdam.

2009 78

Brown Chemists Develop Process to Simplify Waste Vegetable Oil to Biodiesel Process, Chart Progress of Transesterification Reaction

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Two chemists at Brown University have streamlined the conversion of waste vegetable oil (WVO) into biodiesel, eliminating the need for corrosive chemicals to perform the reactions. In a paper published in the RSC journal Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry , the chemists describe the waste vegetable oil-to-biodiesel conversion in a single reaction vessel using environmentally friendly catalysts and making the conversion six times faster than current methods.

2010 76

Enerkem Plans $250M Biomass and Waste-to-Biofuels Project in Mississippi

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the developer of a thermochemical (gasification and catalytic synthesis) process to produce synthetic fuels from biomass and waste ( earlier post ) plans to build and operate a second-generation biofuels production facility located in Pontotoc, Mississippi. In addition to the biofuels production facility, the investment includes an upstream municipal solid waste recycling and pre-treatment center. Enerkem Inc.,

NSF Awards RAPID Response Grant to Modular Genetics and University Collaborators to Develop Bio-Dispersants for Oil Spill Clean-Up

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and scientists and engineers at Columbia University, Iowa State University (ISU) and the Louisiana State University Agricultural Center to support work on production and testing of bio-dispersants that can replace the chemical dispersants currently used for oil spill management. According to Professor Somasundaran, a dispersant expert from Columbia University, “ use of bio-dispersants should stimulate the rate of natural microbial breakdown of the oil ”.

2010 65

DOE awards $97M to 33 bioenergy research and development projects

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These projects will improve the performance and lower the cost and risk of technologies that can be used to produce biofuels, biopower, and bioproducts from biomass and waste resources. University of Alabama. University of North Dakota. Scale-up and Qualification of Net-Zero Sustainable Aviation Fuels from Wet Waste. North Carolina State University. Oregon State University. Topic 2: Waste to Energy Strategies for the Bioeconomy. Duke University.

2020 69

DOE ARPA-E awards $156M to projects to 60 projects to accelerate innovation in clean energy technologies

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The projects selected are located in 25 states, with 50% of projects led by universities, 23% by small businesses, 12% by large businesses, 13% by national labs, and 2% by non-profits. Lead organization. University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Development of a Dedicated, High-Value Biofuels Crop The University of Massachusetts, Amherst will develop an. Energy Plant Design The University of California, Los Angeles, will re-engineer. University of Illinois.

2011 98

New $3M round of funding for DOE High Performance Computing for Manufacturing

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Improvements in the lifecycle energy consumption of products of interest: This includes jet engine efficiency; materials and shape optimization for light-weighting in transport technologies; semiconductor electrical efficiency; and recycling and reuse for industrial-scale materials production and processing waste. Eligibility for the program is limited to entities that manufacture products or operate systems in the US for commercial applications and organizations that support them.

2020 69

From waste to transport fuel, a two-day event to be held in Loughborough

Green Cars News

Cenex, the UK’s Centre of Excellence in Low Carbon and Fuel Cell Technologies, will host a two-day conference on biomethane between the 3rd and 4th of June 2009 at Loughborough University’s Holywell Park. The conference, sponsored by Chesterfield BioGas and Greenlane Biogas, will showcase expertise covering the production of biomethane from organic waste, management of transport fleets and insights into the UK national biogas market.

2009 32

DOE awards $100M for Energy Frontier Research Centers

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In recognition of the importance of teams in energy research, the EFRC program brings together researchers from multiple disciplines and institutions—including universities, national laboratories, industry, and nonprofit organizations—and combines them into synergistic, highly productive teams.

2020 89

DOE’s Manufacturing Institute to award $35M to support R&D in recycling, reuse and remanufacturing

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Reducing EMbodied-Energy and Decreasing Emissions (REMADE) Manufacturing Institute announced approximately $35 million to support research and development (R&D) that will enable US manufacturers to increase the recovery, recycling, reuse, and remanufacturing of plastics, metals, electronic waste, and fibers. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Iowa State University, Deere and Company, Green Electronics Council.

2020 75

Your Greenius Earth Day Reality Check: Waiting For The Magic Bullet

Creative Greenius

You can even watch NBC-Universal TV and see how they turned their logo green and laugh at their funny PSAs about cutting your energy use or carbon footprint. I’ve tried writing about it, broadcasting about it, demonstrating, organizing, volunteering, lobbying and every other form of communicating, motivating and influencing and it’s all been as effective as a screen door on a submarine.

2012 146

Study finds half of the world’s population exposed to increasing air pollution

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A team of researchers, led by Professor Gavin Shaddick at the University of Exeter, has shown that, despite global efforts to improve air quality, half of the world’s population is exposed to increasing air pollution. The study, carried out with the World Health Organization, suggests that air pollution constitutes a major, and in many areas increasing, threat to public health. Credit: Professor Gavin Shaddick/University of Exeter.

2020 73

UK launches £35M research network to transform the steel supply chain

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In the UK, steelmakers and university experts will partner in a 7-year, £35-million (US$45-million) research network called SUSTAIN. SUSTAIN is led by Swansea University, partnered with the Universities of Sheffield and Warwick, and involves more than twenty partners across the UK steel industry: companies, trade bodies, academic experts and research organizations. The SUSTAIN Manufacturing Hub will be led by Professor David Worsley at Swansea University.

2019 69

OriginOil launches Hong Kong subsidiary to initiate its China commercial venture

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In turn, the subsidiary is expected to license regional joint ventures for frack and waste water treatment. In this stage, mild electrical impulses are applied in long tubes, causing the organic contaminants to coagulate. Electro-Oxidation: oxidizing agents are created that disinfect bacteria, oxidizes soluble ions and breaks molecular chain of dissolved organics. The harvested concentrate can be made up of chemical waste, valuable petroleum, or useful algae feedstock.

2014 73

Algae could cut power plant pollution while making car fuel

Green Cars News

We’ve already seen this week how algae can help clean sewage waste while at the same time producing fuel cars, but now we’re discovering how these microscopic organisms can also help clean up pollution from other forms of power production. According to new research from University of Delaware, one[.].

U of Maryland inventors receive patent for cellulose-digesting bacteria that make ethanol; looking for licensees

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Kohn and Seon-Woo Kim are faculty members at the University of Maryland where the organisms were first discovered. The patent describes using the microorganisms to produce ethanol from crop or waste biomass like food waste, crop residues (e.g. In contrast to most current biochemical methods to produce cellulosic ethanol, the described organisms digest biomass and convert it directly to alcohols; the organisms are tolerant to 5-10% ethanol.