Startup licenses ORNL technology for converting organic waste to hydrogen

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The technologies work as a system that converts organic waste into renewable hydrogen gas for use as a biofuel. The system combines biology and electrochemistry to degrade organic waste—such as plant biomass or food waste—to produce hydrogen. During the microbial electrolysis process, a diverse microbial community first breaks down organic material. The company is creating prototypes for modular waste conversion systems that customers can place onsite.

2019 98

New porous coordination polymer captures CO2, converts it to useful organic materials

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A new material that can selectively capture CO 2 molecules and efficiently convert them into useful organic materials has been developed by researchers at Kyoto University, along with colleagues at the University of Tokyo and Jiangsu Normal University in China. The new material is a porous coordination polymer (PCP, also known as MOF; metal-organic framework), a framework consisting of zinc metal ions. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC

2019 88

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Columbia University engineers make breakthrough in understanding electroreduction of CO2 for conversion to electrofuels

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Recent research in electrocatalytic CO 2 conversion points the way to using CO 2 as a feedstock and renewable electricity as an energy supply for the synthesis of different types of fuel and value-added chemicals such as ethylene, ethanol, and propane. Researchers at Columbia University have solved the first piece of the puzzle; they have proved that CO 2 electroreduction begins with one common intermediate, not two as was commonly thought.

2018 73

Light-powered nano-bio hybrid organisms consume CO2, create plastics and fuels

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University of Colorado Boulder researchers have developed nanobio-hybrid organisms capable of using airborne carbon dioxide and nitrogen to produce a variety of plastics and fuels, a promising first step toward low-cost carbon sequestration and eco-friendly manufacturing for chemicals. The focus now, Nagpal said, will shift to optimizing the conversion process and bringing on new undergraduate students.

2019 109

U-M researchers nearly double efficiency of organic thermoelectric materials

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A research team from the University of Michigan has nearly doubled the efficiency of certain organic thermoelectric materials. These convert heat into electricity more than four times as efficiently as the organic semiconductors created to date. for organic semiconductors. U-M researchers improved upon the state-of-the-art in organic semiconductors by nearly 70 percent, achieving a figure-of-merit of 0.42

2013 78

IBM and Stanford University Developing New Organic Catalysts for New Types of Biodegradeable, Biocompatible Plastics

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Scientists from IBM and Stanford University are developing organic molecules for use as catalysts (organocatalysis) that could lead to the development of new types of biodegradable, biocompatible plastics. In a Perspective published in the ACS journal Macromolecules , they highlight the opportunities and challenges in the use of organic molecules as catalysts for polymerization reactions.

2010 73

McGill team develops simple system for reversible H2 storage using organic cyclic hydrocarbons; alternative route to solar fuels

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A team at McGill University in Canada has developed a reversible hydrogen storage/release system based on the metal-catalyzed hydrogenation and photo-induced dehydrogenation of organic cyclic hydrocarbons at room temperature. The system easily switches between hydrogen addition (>97% conversion) and release (>99% conversion) with superior capacity of 7.1

2015 99

Researchers develop thin-layer artificial biofilm technology for green ethylene production

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Researchers at the University of Turku in Finland have developed a thin-layer artificial biofilm technology for sustainable and long-term ethylene photoproduction. 2 ethylene at 1.54% light to ethylene conversion efficiency.

2020 119

Researchers discover novel water-assisted approach to double or triple rate of furfural conversion

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Researchers at the University of Oklahoma, in collaboration with the University of Tulsa, have a novel approach for the water-assisted upgrading of the renewable chemical furfural, doubling or tripling the rate of conversion. It is known that water plays an important role as an environmentally-friendly solvent, replacing organic solvents.

2019 75

PNNL and Queensland University of Technology formalize bioenergy research partnership

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The Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia, have collaborated on bioenergy and microbial biotechnology in the past. PNNL microbiologist Alex Beliaev is expected to hold the first joint research appointment between the two organizations. Both institutions work in advanced thermochemical conversion of biomass to create biofuels, plant-derived chemicals and other bioproducts.

2016 60

European power-to-methane company Electrochaea opens California subsidiary

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The core of the power-to-gas (P2G) technology is the proprietary biocatalyst that can be deployed in a simple and cost-effective energy conversion system. Laurens Mets at the University of Chicago. Biomethane / RNG Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Market Background Power-to-Gas

2020 107

PNNL, OSU team develops a durable, inexpensive molybdenum-phosphide catalyst for efficient conversion of wastewater & seawater into hydrogen

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Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), with colleagues from Oregon State University, have developed PNNL a durable, inexpensive molybdenum-phosphide catalyst that efficiently converts wastewater and seawater into hydrogen. In MECs, an electrical current is coupled with bacteria to decompose organics and make hydrogen.

2019 93

NREL modifies organism to produce ethylene via photosynthesis: alternative to fossil-fuel based ethylene for chemicals and transportation fuels

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PCC 6803—and demonstrated that the organism remained stable through at least four generations, producing ethylene gas that could be easily captured. The organism produced ethylene at a high rate and is still being improved. This study suggests that Synechocystis , expressing the modified efe gene, has potential to be an efficient biological catalyst for the uptake and conversion of CO 2 to ethylene. And it isn’t going to be a food buffet for other organisms.

2012 85

MIT researchers devise simple catalytic system for fixation and conversion of CO2

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Researchers at MIT have devised a simple, soluble metal oxide system to capture and transform CO 2 into useful organic compounds. The new reaction, described in an open access paper in the RSC journal Chemical Science , transforms carbon dioxide into a negatively charged carbonate ion, which can then react with a silicon compound to produce formate, a common starting material for manufacturing useful organic compounds.

2014 73

GTI partners with Purdue’s CISTAR Center on conversion of shale resources to valuable liquid fuels

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The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is partnering with Purdue University’s Center for Innovative and Strategic Transformation of Alkane Resources (CISTAR) and other experts from academia, industry and government to develop technologies for responsible conversion of alkanes—light hydrocarbons including methane, ethane and propane—into more valuable liquid fuels, including gasoline and diesel fuels ( earlier post ).

2017 65

ExxonMobil, UC Berkeley, Berkeley Lab develop new MOF for carbon capture and steam regeneration

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Scientists from ExxonMobil, University of California, Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed a new material that could capture more than 90% of CO 2 emitted from industrial sources using low-temperature steam, requiring less energy for the overall carbon capture process.

2020 130

NREL enzyme enables conversion of biomass to sugar up to 14x faster than current alternatives; changing the economics of conversion

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Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed an enzyme that can enable the conversion of biomass to sugars up to 14 times faster and more cheaply than competing catalysts in enzyme cocktails today. The enzyme called CelA, a cellulase from the bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii , could thus could change the economics of biofuel conversion.

2015 87

U Waterloo team shows four-electron conversion for Li-O2 batteries for high energy density; inorganic molten salt electrolyte, high temperature

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Chemists from the University of Waterloo have successfully resolved two of the most challenging issues surrounding lithium-oxygen batteries, and in the process created a working battery with near 100% coulombic efficiency. The new work, published in Science , shows that four-electron conversion for lithium-oxygen electrochemistry is highly reversible. In addition, the superoxide consumes the organic electrolyte in the process, which greatly limits the cycle life.

Free piston/ORC system for automotive waste heat recovery being tested at University of Brighton

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A prototype automotive waste heat recovery system has been fired up on a recently commissioned test rig at the University of Brighton. The organic Rankine cycle test rig uses a novel linear free piston expander from Libertine ( earlier post ) to overcome the technical and economic barriers to using Rankine cycle technology for automotive waste heat recovery.

2015 78

DOE awards $97M to 33 bioenergy research and development projects

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University of Alabama. University of North Dakota. Scale-Up of the Primary Conversion Reactor to Generate a Lignin-Derived Cyclohexane Jet Fuel. North Carolina State University. Oregon State University. Microchannel Reactor for Ethanol to n-Butene Conversion. Conversion of 2,3-Butanediol to Biojet Fuel: Scale-up and Technoeconomic Analysis of Energy-Efficient Separations and Fermentative Diol Production. University of Cincinnati.

2020 69

EU GRAMOFON project ends after 42 months with promising results on CO2 capture

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In particular, materials such as modified-graphene aerogels and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have shown very good CO 2 capture capacities and greater selectivity than traditional adsorbents. million, with a total of nine partners (companies, technology centers and universities). Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Market Background Materials

2020 104

Osaka researchers find formate dehydrogenase reduces CO2 directly to formic acid

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Professor Yutaka Amao of the Osaka City University Artificial Photosynthesis Research Center and Ryohei Sato, a 1 st year Ph.D. Their work, published in a paper in the RSC’s New Journal of Chemistry , points to a catalyst in developing and designing an artificial photosynthesis system that efficiently converts carbon dioxide into organic molecules. Research Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, Osaka City University.

2020 91

Researchers show mixotrophic fermentation process improves carbon conversion, boosting yields and reducing CO2

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A team from White Dog Labs , a startup commercializing a mixotrophy-based fermentation process, and the University of Delaware have shown that anaerobic, non-photosynthetic mixotrophy—the concurrent utilization of organic (for example, sugars) and inorganic (CO 2 ) substrates in a single organism—can overcome the loss of carbon to CO 2 during fermentation to increase product yields and reduce overall CO 2 emissions.

2016 84

Universal Method for Creating Nanoscale Composites

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Researchers at Berkeley Lab’s Molecular Foundry, in collaboration with researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have shown how nanocomposites with desired properties can be designed and fabricated by first assembling nanocrystals and nanorods coated with short organic molecules, called ligands. Milliron (2010) Modular Inorganic Nanocomposites by Conversion of Nanocrystal Superlattices.

Penn State and partners hosting Next Generation Biomass Conversion Short Course and facility tour

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The Penn State Biomass Energy Center—in partnership with the Penn State Biomass Energy Center, the Lawrence Berkeley Lab Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit and the USDA-sponsored NEWBio Bioenergy Consortium—is hosting a two-day short course in “ Next Generation Biomass Conversion ” 11-12 November in Malvern, PA, northwest of Philadelphia. Specific topics for the short course include: Thermochemical Conversion Pathways. Stacy Bonos – Rutgers University.

2013 93

New catalytic process for direct conversion of fermentation-derived butyric acid to biobutanol

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Researchers from the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT) and Sungkyunkwan University have developed a hybrid conversion process for the production of biobutanol based on the selective catalytic hydrogenation of butyric acid (C 4 H 8 O 2 ) resulting from the fermentation of glucose.

2014 80

Iowa State University researchers genetically boost algae biomass by 50-80%

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Researchers at Iowa State University have developed a genetic technique they say can increase biomass in algae by 50–80%. The key to this [increase in biomass] is combination of two genes that increases the photosynthetic carbon conversion into organic matter by 50 percent over the wild type under carbon dioxide enrichment conditions.

Iowa 76

New efficient biphasic catalytic process for conversion of biomass to dense jet-range fuels

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Now, researchers from the University of Nevada and Washington State University have developed a novel efficient biphasic tandem catalytic process (biTCP) for synthesizing cycloalkanes from renewable terpenoid biomass (such as 1,8-cineole). Using 1,8-cineole as a model terpenoid compound, the researchers attained a ~100% conversion of 1,8-cineole and a ~100% selectivity to p-menthane at 120°C within one hour.

2017 65

DOE selects 7 gasification projects for funding; focus on reducing cost of coal conversion

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The projects conducted through this program are geared toward reducing the cost of coal conversion and mitigating the environmental impacts of fossil-fueled power generation. Lead organization. Montana State University. The team’s research is expected to provide significant contributions toward in situ microbial coal conversion leading to the development of a commercially competitive coal to gas process. The Pennsylvania State University. Lead organization.

2015 75

ARPA-E awarding $30M to 12 hybrid solar projects; conversion and storage

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) is awarding $30 million in funding to 12 projects through its Full-Spectrum Optimized Conversion and Utilization of Sunlight (FOCUS) program, which is aimed at developing new hybrid solar energy converters and hybrid energy storage systems that can deliver low-cost, high-efficiency solar energy on demand. Lead organization. Arizona State University. Arizona State University.

2014 100

Keasling: metabolic engineering will soon rival and potentially eclipse synthetic organic chemistry; designer cells for fuels and chemicals

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He also holds joint appointments with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), where he oversees that institute’s biosciences research programs, and the University of California (UC), Berkeley, where he serves as director of the Synthetic Biology Engineering Research Center, and is the Hubbard Howe Jr. The future of engineered biocatalysts. Pathways, enzymes, and genetic controls are designed from characteristics of parts.

2010 83

New three-step process for conversion of vegetable oils into cycloparaffinic and aromatic biofuels in jet fuel range

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A team from the University of Science & Technology of China in Hefei has developed a three-step process for the conversion of vegetable oils (triglycerides) into cycloparaffinic and aromatic biofuels in jet fuel range. The main organic liquid products obtained from the catalytic cracking of vegetable oil consisted of C 6 –C 9 monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (MAHs).

2016 83

UGA-led team engineers bacterium for the direct conversion of unpretreated biomass to ethanol

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A team led by Dr. Janet Westpheling at the University of Georgia has engineered the thermophilic, anaerobic, cellulolytic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii , which in the wild efficiently uses un-pretreated biomass—to produce ethanol from biomass without pre-treatment of the feedstock. Here we report the direct conversion of switchgrass, a nonfood, renewable feedstock, to ethanol without conventional pretreatment of the biomass.

2014 75

NEDO Selects Joint Nitto Denko, Kobe University Bioethanol RD Project

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Japan’s NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Organization) has selected a joint R&D project on materials for bioethanol production being pursued by Nitto Denko Corporation, a leading diversified materials company, and Kobe University as one of the four themes in its FY 2009 “Development of Elemental Technology for Biomass Energy Conversion” project lasting until FY2011.

2009 73

UC Riverside team develops new high efficiency method for conversion of biomass to biofuels

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Wyman, the Ford Motor Company Chair in Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering, has developed a versatile, relatively non-toxic, and efficient way to convert lignocellulosic biomass into biofuels and chemicals. Lignocellulosic biomass, which is the only sufficiently prevalent sustainable resource for conversion into liquid transportation fuels, is the most abundant organic material on Earth. Overview of the process.

2014 83

UW-Madison team develops novel hydrogen-producing photoelectrochemical cell using solar-driven biomass conversion as anode reaction

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Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have developed an innovative hydrogen-producing photoelectrochemical cell (PEC), using solar-driven biomass conversion as the anode reaction. They thus demonstrated the utility of solar energy for biomass conversion (rather than catalysts) as well as the feasibility of using an oxidative biomass conversion reaction as an anode reaction in a hydrogen-forming PEC.

2015 76

NSF grants IU $525,000 to advance research on conversion of CO2 to oxalate as intermediate for materials, plastics and fuel

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Two Indiana University chemists have received $525,000 from the National Science Foundation to advance research with applications to the conversion of CO 2 into oxalate as an intermediate for the ultimate production of carbon-neutral materials, plastics and fuel. Tait and Kenneth Caulton will combine their expertise in two distinct fields of chemistry—surface chemistry and metal-organic chemistry—to create new catalysts that guide molecular transformations.

2016 65

Molten carbonate electrolysis can produce a range of carbon nanomaterials, including graphene, from CO2 at high yield

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Researchers from Huazhong University of Science and Technology in China and George Washington University in the US report in a new paper in the ACS journal Accounts of Chemical Research that a range of important carbon nanomaterials can be produced at high yield by molten carbonate electrolysis. The utilization of the full spectrum of sunlight in STEP results in a higher solar energy efficiency than other solar conversion processes.

2019 97

Solar2fuel Project in Germany Pursuing Photocatalytic Conversion of CO2 to Methanol for Engines or Fuel Cells

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Researchers from BASF, Energie Baden-Württemberg AG (EnBW), Heidelberg University and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) are seeking to develop a process for the photocatalytic conversion of CO 2 into methanol for use in fuel cells or internal combustion engines. The Verbund project “ Solar2fuel ” belongs to the “Forum Organic Electronics” excellence cluster and is being sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) with more than €1 million (US$1.3

2010 89

Team from Coskata, GM and Auburn University lays out a case for cellulosic ethanol

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The conversion of biomass to cellulosic ethanol is the most efficient and productive use of biomass to create a high-octane, environmentally friendly transportation fuel, according to a perspective paper published in the Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology. To utilize this biomass most efficiently, the conversion must include the entire feedstock, including the oxygen, the authors argue. Conversion pathways.

2011 88

DOE awarding $72M to 27 projects to develop and advance carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture

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University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center (Grand Forks, ND) will complete an initial engineering design for a hybrid capture system and estimate associated costs for retrofitting the Red Trail Energy ethanol plant. Gas Technology Institute (GTI) will design and build an engineering-scale CO 2 capture system using the Ohio State University transformational membrane process. The University of Akron in collaboration with Aspen Aerogels, Inc.,

2020 83

USDA awards nearly $10M for research on using beetle-killed trees as feedstock for on-site thermochemical conversion technologies

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The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) awarded nearly $10 million to a consortium of academic, industry and government organizations led by Colorado State University (CSU) and their partners to research using insect-killed trees in the Rockies as a sustainable feedstock for bioenergy. Specifically, the team will explore recent advances in scalable thermochemical conversion technologies, which enable the production of advanced liquid biofuel and co-products on-site.

2013 83

UK-US team characterizes key enzyme from wood-eating gribble; potential for high-solids biomass conversion

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Credit: Laura Michie, Portsmouth University, with assistance from Alex Ball from the Natural History Museum. Using advanced biochemical analysis and X-ray imaging techniques, researchers from the University of York, University of Portsmouth and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in the USA have determined the structure and function of a key enzyme used by the gribble ( earlier post ) to break down wood. Image: John McGeehan, University of Portsmouth.

2013 75