New porous coordination polymer captures CO2, converts it to useful organic materials

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A new material that can selectively capture CO 2 molecules and efficiently convert them into useful organic materials has been developed by researchers at Kyoto University, along with colleagues at the University of Tokyo and Jiangsu Normal University in China. One possible way to counteract rising global CO 2 emissions is to capture and sequester carbon from the atmosphere, but current methods are highly energy intensive. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC

2019 88

ExxonMobil, UC Berkeley, Berkeley Lab develop new MOF for carbon capture and steam regeneration

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Scientists from ExxonMobil, University of California, Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed a new material that could capture more than 90% of CO 2 emitted from industrial sources using low-temperature steam, requiring less energy for the overall carbon capture process.

2020 130

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Organically synthesized porous carbon shows “exceptional” potential as Li-ion anode material

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A international team of researchers, led by Lancaster University in the UK and Jilin University in China, reports the first organically synthesized sp?sp sp 3 hybridized porous carbon, OSPC?1. The new carbon shows electron conductivity, high porosity, the highest uptake of lithium ions of any carbon material to?date Structures of carbon materials. This involves removing silicon from carbon-silicon groups to produce carbon-to-carbon links.

2018 65

New concept with anthraquinone-based organic cathode advances aluminum battery technology

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Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, and the National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, have developed a new concept for an aluminum battery delivering twice the energy density as previous versions, made of abundant materials, and with the potential to reduce production costs and environmental impact. The new battery uses an anode made of aluminum and a cathode made of an anthraquinone-based organic material.

2019 102

Light-powered nano-bio hybrid organisms consume CO2, create plastics and fuels

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University of Colorado Boulder researchers have developed nanobio-hybrid organisms capable of using airborne carbon dioxide and nitrogen to produce a variety of plastics and fuels, a promising first step toward low-cost carbon sequestration and eco-friendly manufacturing for chemicals. When illuminated by light, these QDs drive the renewable production of different biofuels and chemicals using carbon-dioxide (CO 2 ), water, and nitrogen (from air) as substrates.

2019 109

Molten carbonate electrolysis can produce a range of carbon nanomaterials, including graphene, from CO2 at high yield

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Researchers from Huazhong University of Science and Technology in China and George Washington University in the US report in a new paper in the ACS journal Accounts of Chemical Research that a range of important carbon nanomaterials can be produced at high yield by molten carbonate electrolysis. organic electrosynthesis of benzoic acid from benzene without over-oxidizing into CO 2. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Graphene Solar

2019 97

Sulfur-rich organic cathode material for high-performance Li-S batteries

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Researchers at Beihang University in Beijing have developed a linear molecule sulfur-rich organic material as sulfur cathode for a lithium-sulfur battery. Furthermore, when the conductivity of the TMTD-S cathode material is enhanced with Ketjen Black agent and a carbon cloth current collector, the material delivers initial capacity as high as 1054?mAh

2019 78

New hierarchical metal-organic nanocomposite cathode for high-energy sodium-ion batteries

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Building on earlier work, researchers in China have fabricated a hierarchical metal-organic nanocomposite for use as a cathode in sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Their electrode—metal-organic cuprous tetracyanoquino-dimethane (CuTCNQ) in a three-dimensional (3D) conductive carbon nanofibers (CNFs) network (CuTCNQ)—exhibits a capacity of 252 mAh g -1 at 0.1

2017 71

Rice University study of lung cells suggests anthropogenic carbon nanotubes are common pollutants

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Rice University scientists, working with colleagues in France, have detected the presence of anthropogenic carbon nanotubes (CBTs) in cells extracted from the airways of Parisian children under routine treatment for asthma. Carbon nanotubes and carbon nanoparticles (a) in vehicle exhaust and (b) inside a lung cell vacuole. HRTEM and EDX microanalyses confirmed the carbonaceous nature of both nano-spherules and MWCNT-like structures (> 67% elemental carbon).

2015 83

DOE awarding ~$44M to seven carbon capture projects

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy has selected seven projects to receive approximately $44 million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development through the funding opportunity announcement, Design and Testing of Advanced Carbon Capture Technologies. The projects will target one of two areas: 1) engineering-scale testing of transformational solvent- or membrane-based carbon dioxide (CO?) University of North Dakota.

2018 85

Columbia University engineers make breakthrough in understanding electroreduction of CO2 for conversion to electrofuels

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Researchers at Columbia University have solved the first piece of the puzzle; they have proved that CO 2 electroreduction begins with one common intermediate, not two as was commonly thought. In addition, our insight into CO 2 activation at the solid-water interface will enable researchers to better model the prebiotic scenarios from CO 2 to complex organic molecules that may have led to the origin of life on our planet.

2018 73

Study reorders significance of fungal and bacterial decomposition of organic matter; impact on climate models

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In a 23-year experiment, a team from Lund University, Sweden, and the University of New Hampshire has determined that the common understanding of how organic material is decomposed by fungi and bacteria is fundamentally wrong. Decomposition of soil organic matter is then mainly carried out by fungi and bacteria, which convert dead plant materials into carbon dioxide and mineral nutrients. —Johannes Rousk, researcher in Microbial Ecology at Lund University.

2015 75

USC team develops novel organic redox flow battery for large-scale energy storage

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Scientists at USC have developed a novel water-based Organic Redox Flow Battery (ORBAT) for lower cost, long lasting large-scale energy storage. ORBAT employs two different water-soluble organic redox couples on the positive and negative side of a flow battery. Aiming to overcome these disadvantages, we have demonstrated for the first time an aqueous redox flow battery that uses water-soluble organic redox couples at both electrodes that are metal-free. Schematic of ORBAT.

2014 97

HyPER project using sorbent-enhanced steam reforming for low-carbon production of H2 from natural gas

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An international collaboration led by Cranfield University will examine the potential for the low-carbon production of hydrogen from natural gas. MW th pilot plant at Cranfield University to test the innovative hydrogen production technology that substantially reduces greenhouse gas emissions. Following on from a successful first phase, the pilot plant will be constructed at Cranfield University in 2020 and become operational in 2021.

2020 65

Study finds removing corn residue for biofuel production can decrease soil organic carbon and increase CO2 emissions; may miss mandated 60% GHG reduction

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Using corn crop residue to make ethanol and other biofuels reduces soil carbon and under some conditions can generate more greenhouse gases than gasoline, according to a major, multi-year study by a University of Nebraska-Lincoln team of researchers published in the journal Nature Climate Change. Using USDA soil maps and crop yields, they extrapolated potential carbon dioxide emissions across 580 million 30-meter by 30-meter geospatial cells in Corn Belt states.

2014 78

Shipping industry companies launch new zero-carbon shipping research center

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A group of leading shipping industry companies are taking the next step to develop new fuel types and technologies by launching the Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping. The center will be a non-profit organization, set up as a commercial foundation with a charitable purpose. The shipping sector accounts for around 3% of global carbon emissions.

2020 78

New silica-organic hybrid absorbents deliver among highest performance yet reported for CO2 capture from air

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A team from the Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute and Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, reports on an improved material for capturing carbon dioxide from the air—silica?organic organic hybrid adsorbents—in a paper published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. After capturing carbon dioxide, the materials give it up easily so that the CO 2 can be used in making other substances, or permanently isolated from the environment.

2012 73

First snapshots of CO2 molecules trapped in MOFs shed new light on carbon capture

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Scientists from the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have taken the first images of carbon dioxide molecules within a molecular cage—part of a metal-organic framework (MOF), with great potential for separating and storing gases and liquids. The image at right shows carbon dioxide molecules trapped in one of the cages—the first time this has ever been observed.

2019 78

Kanazawa University-led researchers recycle rare-earth elements from spent fluorescent lamps by chemical/mechanical treatment

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A team led by Kanazawa University in Japan has developed a cleaner method for the recycling of several rare earths (REs) such as yttrium (Y) and europium (Eu) used as phosphors in fluorescent lamps (FLs). Rare-earths (REs) are key components for the transition to a greener energy profile and low carbon society. Chelators—organic compounds containing elements such as N or O—bond to metals through electron donation. Credit: Kanazawa University.

2018 88

McGill team develops simple system for reversible H2 storage using organic cyclic hydrocarbons; alternative route to solar fuels

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A team at McGill University in Canada has developed a reversible hydrogen storage/release system based on the metal-catalyzed hydrogenation and photo-induced dehydrogenation of organic cyclic hydrocarbons at room temperature. Unfortunately, the problem of hydrogen storage and transportation is a major obstacle to employing hydrogen as a universal fuel since hydrogen has a very low volumetric density at ambient conditions.

2015 99

Organic cathode material for high-capacity Li-ion battery with fast charge and discharge

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Researchers from Kyoto University and Panasonic have developed a rechargeable Li-ion battery using a new organic cathode material that exhibits “ remarkable ” charge–discharge properties with a high specific capacity of 231 mAh/g, excellent rechargeability (83% of the capacity retained after 500 cycles), and charge–discharge ability (90% of the capacity at 30 C as compared to 1 C). Versatility of chemical structures is a benefit of functional materials based on organic molecules.

2012 96

Peking University team develops method for modeling historical global black carbon emissions from motor vehicles with reduced uncertainty

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Researchers at Peking University have developed a new methodology to model black carbon (BC) emissions from diesel and gasoline motor vehicles. Black carbon is a key short-lived climate change forcer ( earlier post ) and motor vehicles are important sources of BC in the environment. 2004) A technology-based global inventory of black and organic carbon emissions from combustion. Black carbon Emissions

2012 78

Sulfur-carbon nanofiber composite for solid-state Li-sulfur batteries

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Researchers at Toyohashi University of Technology in Japan have developed an active sulfur material and carbon nanofiber (S-CNF) composite material for all-solid-state Li-sulfur batteries using a low-cost and straightforward liquid phase process. Schematic images and electron microscope photograph of sulfur-carbon composites (top). Copyright Toyohashi University Of Technology.

2020 69

Liverpool team develops better material for PEM fuel cells; porous organic cage solids with 3D protonic conductivity

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In the search for more effective PEMs, reseachers have looked to porous solids such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) or covalent organic frameworks. Researchers led by a team at the University of Liverpool (UK) now report in an open-access paper in the journal Nature Communications that they have developed crystalline porous molecular solids where the proton transport occurs in 3D pathway by virtue of the native channel structure and topology.

2016 69

Queen’s University Belfast researchers synthesize “porous liquid”; applications in more efficient chemical processes

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Scientists at Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, have synthesized a porous liquid with the potential for application in a wide range of new, more efficient and greener chemical processes including carbon capture. Porous solids such as zeolites and metal–organic frameworks are useful in molecular separation and in catalysis, but their solid nature can impose limitations. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Catalysts

2015 75

New model framework for improving predictions of black carbon’s radiative effect on climate

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Black carbon particles absorb heat in the atmosphere. Atmospheric soot particles as seen under a transmission electron microscope are coated by organic and inorganic materials. In an open-access paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , the researchers provide a framework that reconciles model simulations with laboratory and empirical observations, and that can be used to improve estimates of black carbon’s impact on climate.

2020 75

Study finds carbon capture & storage could be financial opportunity for conventional ethanol plants

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To better understand the near-term commercial potential for capturing and storing atmospheric carbon dioxide, researchers from the Carnegie Institution for Science, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Stanford University have mapped out how CO 2 might be captured from existing US ethanol biorefineries and permanently stored (or sequestered) underground. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Ethanol

2018 78

University of Washington and Lamborghini Partner on Carbon Composites

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A partnership between the University of Washington and the Italian sports-car company Automobili Lamborghini has been formalized , and the presidents of both organizations attended the naming ceremony of the UW’s Automobili Lamborghini Advanced Composite Structures Laboratory. The UW is the first university in the country to collaborate with Lamborghini. Lamborghini uses carbon fiber, a strong, lightweight composite material, in its new cars.

Tohoku team develops rechargeable quasi-solid state lithium battery with organic crystalline cathode

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The cross-section of an organic crystalline all-solid battery. The cathode contains a room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) and organic crystals in a sealed environment. A pair of researchers at Tohoku University in Japan have developed a novel rechargeable solid-state lithium battery with an organic crystalline cathode. The battery features a novel cell design which prevents dissolution of the organic cathode compounds.

2012 80

Study finds lubricating oil the dominant source of primary organic aerosol from both diesel and gasoline vehicles

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Findings from a study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley and Berkeley National Laboratory suggest that lubricating oil is the dominant source of primary organic aerosol (POA) from both gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles. Motor vehicles are major sources of organic carbon emissions, with implications for human health and air quality, especially in urban areas.

2014 75

UC Irvine study finds organic constituents of UFP play important role in heart disease; suggestions for more effective emission control

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Results of a study funded and released by the California Air Resources Board (ARB) suggest that the organic constituents of ultrafine PM (UFP, particles ? technology for the removal of the organic constituents as well as the reduction of the number of particles. PM comprises solid, liquid, and semi-volatile organic components. Particle scale.

2013 80

PNNL and Queensland University of Technology formalize bioenergy research partnership

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The Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia, have collaborated on bioenergy and microbial biotechnology in the past. PNNL microbiologist Alex Beliaev is expected to hold the first joint research appointment between the two organizations. The partnership will focus on work that aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and provide low-carbon energy solutions in both countries.

2016 60

Mattershift scales up CNT membranes; potential for zero-carbon fuels for less than fossil

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Startup Mattershift says it has achieved a breakthrough in making carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes at large scale. The paper is a characterization study of commercial prototype carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes consisting of sub–1.27-nm-diameter CNTs traversing a large-area nonporous polysulfone film. The difficulty and high cost of making CNT membranes has confined them to university laboratories and has been frequently cited as the limiting factor in their widespread use.

2018 73

NREL modifies organism to produce ethylene via photosynthesis: alternative to fossil-fuel based ethylene for chemicals and transportation fuels

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PCC 6803—and demonstrated that the organism remained stable through at least four generations, producing ethylene gas that could be easily captured. Ethylene—a valuable commodity two-carbon chemical that can be oligomerized into transportation fuels—is the most widely produced petrochemical feedstock globally. The organism produced ethylene at a high rate and is still being improved. The process does not release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

2012 85

Drax, C-Capture to pilot Europe’s first bioenergy carbon capture storage project

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UK-based renewable power generator Drax will pilot the first bioenergy carbon capture storage (BECCS) project of its kind in Europe, which, if successful, could make the renewable electricity produced at its North Yorkshire power station carbon negative. C-Capture is a spin-out from the Department of Chemistry at the University of Leeds, established through funding from IP Group Plc. Biomass Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Power Generation

2018 60

Royal Academy of Engineering Report Says EV Success Depends on Low-Carbon Electricity, Universal Broadband Provision and Smart Grids

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The introduction of electric vehicles on a large scale in the UK can only have a beneficial effect on CO 2 emissions if low-carbon electricity, universal broadband provision and smart grids are in place to support the transition, according to a new report published by the UK Royal Academy of Engineering. Recent results from EV trials show a typical carbon dioxide emissions rating to be around 100g/km, when the car is charged from a typical power supply in the UK.

2010 91

University of Tennessee to head $250M advanced composites manufacturing institute; Ford, Honda and Volkswagen members

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The Department of Energy and a consortium of 122 companies, nonprofits, and universities led by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville will invest more than $250 million—$70 million in federal funds and more than $180 million in non-federal funds—to launch a Manufacturing Innovation Institute for Advanced Composites—the fifth institute to be awarded of the eight national institute competitions launched earlier ( earlier post ).

2015 81

Rice team awarded $3.3M ARPA-E OPEN+ grant to convert methane into carbon nanotubes and hydrogen

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Rice University researchers have won a $3.3-million Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) OPEEN+ grant to develop a method to convert natural gas into carbon nanotubes for materials that can replace metals in large-scale applications. The goal is to save energy and stem carbon dioxide emissions from metal manufacturing while concurrently generating clean hydrogen and fixing fossil-sourced carbon in solid materials.

2019 83

Osaka researchers find formate dehydrogenase reduces CO2 directly to formic acid

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Professor Yutaka Amao of the Osaka City University Artificial Photosynthesis Research Center and Ryohei Sato, a 1 st year Ph.D. student of the Graduate School of Science, have shown that the catalyst formate dehydrogenase reduces carbon dioxide directly to formic acid. The development of an effective catalyst is an important step in creating an artificial photosynthesis system that uses sunlight to convert carbon dioxide into organic molecules.

2020 91

Researchers develop thin-layer artificial biofilm technology for green ethylene production

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Researchers at the University of Turku in Finland have developed a thin-layer artificial biofilm technology for sustainable and long-term ethylene photoproduction. It is the main building block in the production of plastics, fibers and other organic materials.

2020 119

Algal Biomass Organization Questions Findings of Recent Algae Life Cycle Study

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The Algal Biomass Organization (ABO), the trade association for the algae industry, challenged the findings of a paper published 19 January in Environmental Science and Technology by researchers at the University of Virginia which determined, among other things, that “ conventional crops have lower environmental impacts than algae in energy use, greenhouse gas emissions and water. ” ( Earlier post.).

2010 80

Iowa State University researchers genetically boost algae biomass by 50-80%

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Researchers at Iowa State University have developed a genetic technique they say can increase biomass in algae by 50–80%. The key to this [increase in biomass] is combination of two genes that increases the photosynthetic carbon conversion into organic matter by 50 percent over the wild type under carbon dioxide enrichment conditions. The Iowa State work forces the expression of the genes even in a carbon dioxide-rich environment.

Iowa 76

Researchers convert atmospheric CO2 to carbon nanofibers and nanotubes for use as anodes in Li-ion and Na-ion batteries

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Researchers from George Washington University and Vanderbilt University have demonstrated the conversion of atmospheric CO 2 into carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for use as high-performance anodes in both lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries. STEP is an efficient solar chemical process, based on a synergy of solar thermal and endothermic electrolyses, designed to convert greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into a useful carbon commodity.

2016 76