Eni reports important new discovery offshore Congo

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miles) offshore Congo. Eni, which holds 65% of the Marine XII Block, quickly activated with the joint venture’s partners New Age (25%) and the national company SNPC (Société Nationale des Pétroles du Congo, 10%) the studies to ensure a rapid commercial development of these significant hydrocarbon reserves with the aim of launching a first oil production from 2016.

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Scientists at KU Leuven, University of Lubumbashi reveal the health risks of cobalt mining in DR Congo

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Around 60% of the world’s cobalt supply comes from the mineral-rich Katanga Copper belt, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This field study provides novel and robust empirical evidence that the artisanal extraction of cobalt that prevails in the DR Congo may cause toxic harm to vulnerable communities. Demand for cobalt has been on the increase due to its many applications.

Congo 182

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Ford & Ford Fund To Support, Promote Responsible Mineral Sourcing Pilot Program To Empower, Assist Women

EV Obssesion

EV Policy & Politics Human Rights Research Specific Technologies ford Responsible Mineral Sourcing The Democratic Republic of Congo U.S.

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In 2017, Australia, Chile, and Argentina produced 91% of the world’s lithium

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The Democratic Republic of Congo produced 59% of the world’s cobalt. Some key materials used for manufacturing lithium-ion batteries are lithium, cobalt, nickel, manganese, and natural graphite, which come from more than 30 different countries. In 2017, Australia, Chile, and Argentina produced 91% of all lithium while the rest of the world supplied the remaining 9%. Other lithium-ion battery materials, such as nickel, have a more even distribution of production throughout the world.

Chile 233

Volkswagen joins “Cobalt for Development” initiative

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Volkswagen says that it is actively engaging in improving artisanal cobalt mining conditions in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) as well as the living conditions for people in the surrounding communities. The pilot project intends to strengthen legal compliance and improve health and safety conditions as well as social well-being in the south of the Democratic Republic of Congo, where 70% of the world’s cobalt resources are located.

2020 234

BMW Group, BASF SE, Samsung SDI and Samsung Electronics launch cross-industry project to support sustainable cobalt mining

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As part of a cross-industry initiative, the BMW Group, BASF SE, Samsung SDI and Samsung Electronics have launched a joint cobalt pilot project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The world’s largest known reserves of this raw material are found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. More than half of the world’s cobalt mine production comes from the Katanga Copperbelt in DR Congo, according to a study published earlier this year in Nature Sustainability.

2018 201

Ford, Ford Fund to support, promote responsible mineral sourcing pilot to empower, assist women; DRC copper & cobalt

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Ford is working with its international nonprofit and grantmaking partners to support and promote a pilot program that will empower women working in the copper and cobalt supply chains in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The Democratic Republic of Congo, a leader producer of cobalt, exported approximately 70% of global demand in 2020. Given the production capacity, the Democratic Republic of Congo occupies a central place in the upstream supply chains for these minerals.

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DRC bans export of cobalt, copper concentrates

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Fastmarkets reported that the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has banned the export of copper and cobalt concentrate. Fastmarkets confirmed with three companies operating copper and cobalt mines in DRC that they all received the notice, although the effective date of the order is not mentioned and trucks carrying the concentrates could still pass through the border as of last week.

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“Cobalt for Development” project started trainings for mining cooperatives in DRC

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The cross-industry initiative “Cobalt for Development” has started trainings for twelve artisanal mining cooperatives in October in Kolwezi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). —WEF, “Making Mining Safe and Fair: Artisanal cobalt extraction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo”. The project has developed interactive training methods and materials that can be adapted to any artisanal cobalt mining cooperative in DR Congo.

2020 190

Missouri S&T professor: Green energy increases the need for mining and metals production

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Much of current production comes from the Democratic Republic of Congo and is refined by China. Clean energy may mean less mining for coal, but it also means opening or expanding mines to unearth minerals such as cobalt for use in alloys and batteries, tellurium for solar cells and semiconductors, and germanium for transistors in electronic devices.

Cobalt Institute report: demand for cobalt for batteries grew at annual rate of 10% between 2013 and 2020

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The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) remained the largest source of cobalt supply, accounting for 66% of the global mine supply. The Cobalt Institute has released its State of the Cobalt Market Report 2020.

2013 219

EGC enters trading agreement with Trafigura with the aim to transform the ASM cobalt mining sector in DRC

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Our mission is therefore as much in a perspective of the defence of our most vulnerable communities, as in the affirmation of the central positioning of the Democratic Republic of Congo, which has 70 percent of the world reserves of this strategic mineral.

2020 208

UN report highlights urgent need to tackle impact of EV battery production boom

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For example, two-thirds of all cobalt production happens in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

2020 428

EV supply chain majors pilot Re|Source blockchain solution for end-to-end cobalt traceability

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Tested in real operating conditions, from upstream cobalt production facilities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to downstream electric vehicle production sites, the pilot will run until the end of 2021, with the roll-out of the final solution expected in 2022.

Glencore outlines plans for Mutanda copper-cobalt restart

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Glencore, one of the world’s leading producers of cobalt, produces cobalt mainly as a by-product of copper mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), but also as a by-product of nickel mining in Australia and Canada.

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Study finds cobalt supply can meet demand for EVs and electronics batteries through 2030

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Roughly 60% of mined cobalt is sourced from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

2020 293

Eurasian Resources Group plans NCM material plant for EV batteries

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The precursor plant will be exclusively supplied with cobalt hydroxide from ERG’s Metalkol RTR in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), whose operations are in accordance with recognized responsible and sustainable practices as set out in the ERG Clean Cobalt Framework.

2020 209

Nature editorial: environmental and human costs of Li-ion technology must be addressed quickly

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The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) supplies about 70% of cobalt. An editorial in the journal Nature calls on policy makers, industry leaders and researchers to mitigate quickly the environmental and human costs of Li-ion batteries. Li-ion batteries currently are the indispensable enabling technology for electric vehicles and the electric grid, the latter due to the need to store energy from renewable sources.

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AVZ signs binding SC6 offtake agreement with major Chinese lithium converter Yibin Tianyi, supplier to CATL

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for the supply of spodumene concentrate (SC6) from the Manono Lithium and Tin Project in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Australia-based AVZ Minerals Limited has secured a strategic, long-term offtake partner agreement with Yibin Tianyi Lithium Industry Co.,

BMW battery-sourcing ethics highlight cobalt-mining issue for electric cars

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About half of the world's cobalt supply comes from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a country with high rates of child labor under very poor working conditions. Electric cars provide a zero-emission driving experience, but one of the most important raw materials for their batteries—cobalt—has a supply chain that needs some work.

2017 68

BMW Group commissions study on sustainable lithium extraction

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Both BMW Group and BASF SE are already working successfully together with other partners in the “Cobalt for Development” project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The BMW Group has commissioned two US universities to conduct a scientific analysis of water consumption in the lithium extraction process.

2020 176

IHS Markit: battery recycling industry poised for substantial growth as number of batteries reaching their end of life to increase seven-fold by 2030

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In particular, recycled batteries will enable significantly reduced reliance on mined cobalt (which largely comes from a single source, the Democratic Republic of Congo). A multitude of supply, demand, cost and sustainability conditions are poised to drive a rapid expansion of the battery recycling industry, more than tripling its capacity by 2030, according to a new analysis by IHS Markit.

2020 168

Roskill: a more sustainable cobalt supply chain will require huge improvements to the safety and security of ASM workers

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The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is expected to be the source for approximately 69% of mined cobalt in 2020—i.e.,

BMW Group adopts new approaches for a more sustainable battery cell supply chain; focus on cobalt

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The BMW Group has now set itself the goal of enhancing the transparency of its battery cell supply chain and exploring options for model projects in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The BMW Group is also currently working with an independent partner on a feasibility study to explore to what extent the social and ecological situation can be sustainably improved through model mines for artisanal mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

2017 150

Nature editorial calls for reduction in cobalt in transportation electrification to address scarcity

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The supply of Co is heavily geographically polarized, with the Democratic Republic of Congo providing over 60% of the mined cobalt market volume1. An editorial in the journal Nature says that the reduction and elimination of cobalt in EV batteries must remain a pressing need to continue to address its scarcity. Cobalt is currently the most expensive component used in mainstream passenger EV batteries due to its limited availability.

2020 160

Tesla releases Conflict Mineral report, extending history of humane mining practices


The minerals must be “DRC Conflict Free,” meaning that the materials do not benefit “armed groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, or any adjoining country.” The Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Cobalt Blockchain and DLT Labs form JV to release Mintrax blockchain platform for mineral traceability

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The transactional flow of Mintrax is based on COBC’s operational experience trading certified-conflict-free metals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and work with due-diligence program design firm BetterChain, as well as DLT’s deep-bench supply chain and logistics experience with IBM’s Hyperledger Fabric blockchain. Cobalt Blockchain Inc.(COBC) COBC) and DLT Labs Inc.

2018 183

DOE to award $30M for research to secure domestic supply chain of critical elements and minerals

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At present, the US relies on imports from nations such as China and the Democratic Republic of Congo for these critical materials. The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award up to $30 million to support scientific research that will ensure US businesses can reliably tap into a domestic supply of critical elements and minerals—specifically rare earth elements (REE) and platinum group elements (PGE)—needed to produce clean energy technologies. (

GlobalData: Global lithium production to triple over the next four years

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million tons; Congo (Kinshasa), Russia, and Serbia, 1 million tons each; Czechia, 840,000 tons; Zimbabwe, 500,000 tons; Spain, 400,000 tons; Mali, 200,000 tons; Brazil and Mexico, 180,000 tons each; Portugal, 100,000 tons; and Austria, 50,000 tons. High growth in demand for lithium batteries is spurring three-fold growth in mine production of lithium over the next four years, with 86kt of new lithium metal capacity coming on stream, according to data and analytics company GlobalData.

2018 210

CLEE, NRGI studying ways to improve sustainability and governance across EV battery supply chain

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UC Berkeley School of Law’s Center for Law, Energy & the Environment (CLEE) and the Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) are conducting a stakeholder-led research initiative focused on identifying strategies to improve sustainability and governance across the EV battery supply chain.

2020 208

Benchhmark report: cobalt’s price rises highlight shift to battery-driven pricing dynamics

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But these high prices have remained as the demand outlook for 2021 strengthens, and fears begin to crystalize over long term availability, particularly from industrial Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) producers.

2020 251

Yergin: overwhelming number of new car sales will be EVs in coming decades, but 2/3 of global fleet to remain gasoline-powered in 2050

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And more than 50% of global cobalt supply comes from one place: the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Electric vehicles will make up as many as 8 out of 10 new cars sold in 2050, but it will still be a long road before they dislodge gasoline as the predominant fuel in transportation, IHS Markit Vice Chairman Daniel Yergin writes in his new book, The New Map: Energy, Climate and the Clash of Nations.

2020 160

DOE issues RFI to strengthen battery critical materials supply chains

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In 2019, 64% of the world’s Co mine production was supplied by the Democratic Republic of Congo, with most of the processing occurring in China. The US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) announced a request for information (RFI) ( DOE-FOA-0002358 ) on challenges and opportunities in the upstream and midstream critical-materials battery supply chains.

2020 168

Roskill: Spread of COVID-19 threatens cobalt supply; bottlenecks out of DRC

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Markets have already shown concern amid South Africa’s announcement of a five-week lockdown from late March, and following a 48-hour lockdown in the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s (DRC’s) Haut Katanga region because of positive tests for COVID-19.

2020 261

JRC: Europe must take steps to boost supply of cobalt for EV batteries

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On the one hand, more than half of the worldwide supply (126,000 tonnes) is mined in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The coming electric vehicle boom will significantly increase the demand for cobalt in the EU and globally. As a result, demand is expected to exceed supply already in 2020 and the EU must take steps to boost supply and curb demand without hindering the growth in electric vehicles, according to a new JRC (Joint Research Center) report.

2018 216

IDTechEx: market for EV powertrain materials to reach $47B by 2030

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It is also a very expensive material with its supply and mining confined to a large majority in China and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

2020 219

Mercedes-Benz to source only battery cells with cobalt & lithium from certified mining sites; significantly reducing cobalt

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This approach will be taken with a limited number of cobalt mines in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, auditing them against a series of specific sets of requirements in the IRMA Standard for Responsible Mining.

2020 237

Bank of America: Oil Demand Growth to Hit Zero Within a Decade, EVs the Culprit

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Roughly 62 percent global cobalt output is found in the Democratic Republic of Congo. by Nick Cunningham of Oilprice.com. By 2030, oil demand could hit a peak and then enter decline, according to a new report. For the next decade or so, oil demand should continue to grow, although at a slower and slower rate. According to Bank of America Merrill Lynch, the annual increase in global oil consumption slows dramatically in the years ahead. By 2024, demand growth halves, falling to just 0.6

2019 248

2018 Environmental Performance Index: Air quality top public health threat

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India and Bangladesh come in near the bottom of the rankings, with Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nepal rounding out the bottom five. The 2018 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) finds that air quality is the leading environmental threat to public health. The EPI uses three indicators to measure air quality: household solid fuel use; PM 2.5 average exposure, and PM 2.5 exceedance of WHO thresholds.

2018 247

Jervois to acquire SMP nickel & cobalt refinery in Brazil; concentrate from Idaho for refining, cobalt metal back to US

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Jervois Mining Limited will acquire 100% of the Sao Miguel Paulista nickel and cobalt refinery (SMP Refinery) in the Brazilian State of Sao Paulo from Companhia Brasileira de Alumínio (CBA) (an investee company of Votorantim, one of the largest industrial conglomerates in Latin America).

2020 219

Responsible Sourcing Blockchain Network moves towards operationalization; Volvo Cars joins; launched by IBM, Ford, Volkswagen Group

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In initial testing, the RSBN blockchain demonstrated how cobalt produced at Huayou’s industrial mine site in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) could be traced through the supply chain to LG Chem’s cathode and battery plant in South Korea, and then to its final destination, a Ford plant in the United States.

2019 160

UN: world population is expected to reach 9.7 billion in 2050 and could peak at nearly 11 billion around 2100

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The new population projections indicate that nine countries will make up more than half the projected growth of the global population between now and 2050: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, the United Republic of Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt and the United States of America (in descending order of the expected increase). The world’s population is expected to increase by 2 billion persons in the next 30 years, from 7.7 billion currently to 9.7

2019 193

Ford, Huayou Cobalt, IBM, LG Chem, RCS Global launch blockchain pilot to address concerns in strategic mineral supply chains; cobalt to start

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For this pilot based on a simulated sourcing scenario, Cobalt produced at Huayou’s industrial mine site in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) will be traced through the supply chain as it travels from mine and smelter to LG Chem’s cathode plant and battery plant in South Korea, and finally into a Ford plant in the United States.

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