Eni reports important new discovery offshore Congo

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miles) offshore Congo. Eni, which holds 65% of the Marine XII Block, quickly activated with the joint venture’s partners New Age (25%) and the national company SNPC (Société Nationale des Pétroles du Congo, 10%) the studies to ensure a rapid commercial development of these significant hydrocarbon reserves with the aim of launching a first oil production from 2016.

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Scientists at KU Leuven, University of Lubumbashi reveal the health risks of cobalt mining in DR Congo

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Around 60% of the world’s cobalt supply comes from the mineral-rich Katanga Copper belt, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This field study provides novel and robust empirical evidence that the artisanal extraction of cobalt that prevails in the DR Congo may cause toxic harm to vulnerable communities. Demand for cobalt has been on the increase due to its many applications.

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Should the Cobalt for EVs Come From the Congo or the Seafloor?

Cars That Think

More than half of the world’s cobalt currently comes from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which has had a dismal record for protecting the environment and the well-being of the people who live and work around its mines.

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Ford & Ford Fund To Support, Promote Responsible Mineral Sourcing Pilot Program To Empower, Assist Women

EV Obssesion

EV Policy & Politics Human Rights Research Specific Technologies ford Responsible Mineral Sourcing The Democratic Republic of Congo U.S.

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EV affordability threatened by cobalt prices: Did the US let resource control lapse over oil?

Green Car Reports

Just as the Middle East has been a strategic center in global oil politics, the Democratic Republic of Congo has become the epicenter for the raw materials needed for electric vehicles—especially cobalt.

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US convenes Minerals Security Partnership meeting

Green Car Congress

Additional minerals-rich countries in attendance included Argentina, Brazil, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, and Zambia. The United States this past week convened Minerals Security Partnership (MSP) partners and key minerals-rich countries to discuss priorities, challenges, and opportunities in responsible mining, processing, and recycling of critical minerals.

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In 2017, Australia, Chile, and Argentina produced 91% of the world’s lithium

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The Democratic Republic of Congo produced 59% of the world’s cobalt. Some key materials used for manufacturing lithium-ion batteries are lithium, cobalt, nickel, manganese, and natural graphite, which come from more than 30 different countries. In 2017, Australia, Chile, and Argentina produced 91% of all lithium while the rest of the world supplied the remaining 9%. Other lithium-ion battery materials, such as nickel, have a more even distribution of production throughout the world.

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BMW Group, BASF SE, Samsung SDI and Samsung Electronics launch cross-industry project to support sustainable cobalt mining

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As part of a cross-industry initiative, the BMW Group, BASF SE, Samsung SDI and Samsung Electronics have launched a joint cobalt pilot project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The world’s largest known reserves of this raw material are found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. More than half of the world’s cobalt mine production comes from the Katanga Copperbelt in DR Congo, according to a study published earlier this year in Nature Sustainability.

2018 198

Mexico forms state-run company to mine lithium: Litio para Mexico

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million tons of identified lithium resources, ranking the country 10 th in the world behind Bolivia, Argentina, Chile, the US, Australia, China, Congo, Canada and Germany. Mexico has formed a state-run company called Litio para Mexico (LitioMx) to mine the country’s lithium. President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador made the announcement in a decree issued in the DOF (Diario Oficial de la Federación). Litio para Mexico will begin operations within the next six months.

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UCI and national lab researchers use high-entropy doping for cobalt-free cathodes for Li-ion batteries

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The mineral, which is chemically suited for the purpose of stabilizing lithium-ion battery cathodes, is mined almost exclusively in the Democratic Republic of Congo under abusive and inhumane conditions. Researchers at the University of California, Irvine and four national laboratories have devised a way to make lithium-ion battery cathodes without using cobalt.

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DRC bans export of cobalt, copper concentrates

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Fastmarkets reported that the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has banned the export of copper and cobalt concentrate. Fastmarkets confirmed with three companies operating copper and cobalt mines in DRC that they all received the notice, although the effective date of the order is not mentioned and trucks carrying the concentrates could still pass through the border as of last week.

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Ford, Ford Fund to support, promote responsible mineral sourcing pilot to empower, assist women; DRC copper & cobalt

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Ford is working with its international nonprofit and grantmaking partners to support and promote a pilot program that will empower women working in the copper and cobalt supply chains in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The Democratic Republic of Congo, a leader producer of cobalt, exported approximately 70% of global demand in 2020. Given the production capacity, the Democratic Republic of Congo occupies a central place in the upstream supply chains for these minerals.

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CMOC expanding copper and cobalt output at Tenke Fungurume Mine in DRC

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China Molybdenum (CMOC) , a leading cobalt and copper producer, recently started trial production from its 10k expansion project at the Tenke Fungurume Mine (TFM) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

“Cobalt for Development” project started trainings for mining cooperatives in DRC

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The cross-industry initiative “Cobalt for Development” has started trainings for twelve artisanal mining cooperatives in October in Kolwezi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). —WEF, “Making Mining Safe and Fair: Artisanal cobalt extraction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo”. The project has developed interactive training methods and materials that can be adapted to any artisanal cobalt mining cooperative in DR Congo.

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Glencore and Britishvolt sign strategic partnership for long-term supply of cobalt; Glencore investment

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Glencore produces cobalt mainly as a by-product of copper mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), but also as a by-product of nickel mining in Australia and Canada. Glencore has entered a long-term strategic partnership for the supply of responsibly sourced cobalt with Britishvolt, a UK startup planning a Gigafactory ( earlier post ). Glencore has also made an undisclosed investment in Britishvolt.

FREYR Battery joins Fair Cobalt Alliance

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The FCA is a multi-stakeholder action platform committed to developing responsible and fair supply of artisanal mined cobalt from the Democratic Republic of Congo, creating and diversifying sustainable livelihoods for surrounding communities. FREYR Battery, a developer of clean, next-generation battery cell production capacity, has become a member of the Fair Cobalt Alliance (FCA) to underscore FREYR’s commitment to developing a sustainable global battery industry.

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EGC enters trading agreement with Trafigura with the aim to transform the ASM cobalt mining sector in DRC

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Our mission is therefore as much in a perspective of the defence of our most vulnerable communities, as in the affirmation of the central positioning of the Democratic Republic of Congo, which has 70 percent of the world reserves of this strategic mineral.

2020 206

Cobalt Market Report: EVs become the major driving force for cobalt demand growth in 2021

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The Democratic Republic of the Congo remained the largest source of cobalt supply, accounting for 74% of the global mine supply and 87% (15 kt) of annual growth.Output from the artisanal and small scale mining (ASM) sector is estimated to have increased to 14.5

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CMOC to invest $2.5B to expand copper and cobalt output at TFM mine in DRC

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billion to expand production capacity of its Tenke Fungurume mine (TFM) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). China Molybdenum (CMOC) will invest US$2.51 In July, the company started trial production from a 10k expansion at another site in the mine. Earlier post.). The expansion project, which is expected to be online in 2023, will include construction of three ore production lines which will add a total 12.4

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UN report highlights urgent need to tackle impact of EV battery production boom

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For example, two-thirds of all cobalt production happens in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

2020 428

Re|Source marks Tesla’s progress in tracing responsibly produced cobalt via blockchain

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The pilot is being tested in real operating conditions, from upstream cobalt production facilities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to downstream electric vehicle productions sites. Re|Source, a solution to trace responsibly produced cobalt from the mine to the electric vehicle ( earlier post ), acknowledged the progress made by Tesla in implementing the pilot project across its supply chain.

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EGEB: Caterpillar will develop all-electric vehicles for a graphite mine

Electrek

Democratic Republic of Congo will build two solar farms in the copper- and cobalt-rich southeast. In today’s Electrek Green Energy Brief (EGEB): Caterpillar agrees to develop all-electric mining machines for Nouveau Monde Graphite.

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BMW battery-sourcing ethics highlight cobalt-mining issue for electric cars

Green Car Reports

About half of the world's cobalt supply comes from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a country with high rates of child labor under very poor working conditions. Electric cars provide a zero-emission driving experience, but one of the most important raw materials for their batteries—cobalt—has a supply chain that needs some work.

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Study finds cobalt supply can meet demand for EVs and electronics batteries through 2030

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Roughly 60% of mined cobalt is sourced from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

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Cobalt Institute report: demand for cobalt for batteries grew at annual rate of 10% between 2013 and 2020

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The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) remained the largest source of cobalt supply, accounting for 66% of the global mine supply. The Cobalt Institute has released its State of the Cobalt Market Report 2020.

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Eurasian Resources Group plans NCM material plant for EV batteries

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The precursor plant will be exclusively supplied with cobalt hydroxide from ERG’s Metalkol RTR in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), whose operations are in accordance with recognized responsible and sustainable practices as set out in the ERG Clean Cobalt Framework.

2020 207

EV supply chain majors pilot Re|Source blockchain solution for end-to-end cobalt traceability

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Tested in real operating conditions, from upstream cobalt production facilities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to downstream electric vehicle production sites, the pilot will run until the end of 2021, with the roll-out of the final solution expected in 2022.

Missouri S&T professor: Green energy increases the need for mining and metals production

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Much of current production comes from the Democratic Republic of Congo and is refined by China. Clean energy may mean less mining for coal, but it also means opening or expanding mines to unearth minerals such as cobalt for use in alloys and batteries, tellurium for solar cells and semiconductors, and germanium for transistors in electronic devices.

Glencore outlines plans for Mutanda copper-cobalt restart

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Glencore, one of the world’s leading producers of cobalt, produces cobalt mainly as a by-product of copper mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), but also as a by-product of nickel mining in Australia and Canada.

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BMW Group adopts new approaches for a more sustainable battery cell supply chain; focus on cobalt

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The BMW Group has now set itself the goal of enhancing the transparency of its battery cell supply chain and exploring options for model projects in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The BMW Group is also currently working with an independent partner on a feasibility study to explore to what extent the social and ecological situation can be sustainably improved through model mines for artisanal mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

2017 150

BNEF: producing battery materials in the DRC could lower supply-chain emissions and add value to the country’s cobalt

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The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) can leverage its abundant cobalt resources and hydroelectric power to become a low-cost and low-emissions producer of lithium-ion battery cathode precursor materials, according to a new study on a unified African supply chain by BloombergNEF (BNEF).

AVZ signs binding SC6 offtake agreement with major Chinese lithium converter Yibin Tianyi, supplier to CATL

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for the supply of spodumene concentrate (SC6) from the Manono Lithium and Tin Project in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Australia-based AVZ Minerals Limited has secured a strategic, long-term offtake partner agreement with Yibin Tianyi Lithium Industry Co.,

BMW Group commissions study on sustainable lithium extraction

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Both BMW Group and BASF SE are already working successfully together with other partners in the “Cobalt for Development” project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The BMW Group has commissioned two US universities to conduct a scientific analysis of water consumption in the lithium extraction process.

2020 174

IHS Markit: battery recycling industry poised for substantial growth as number of batteries reaching their end of life to increase seven-fold by 2030

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In particular, recycled batteries will enable significantly reduced reliance on mined cobalt (which largely comes from a single source, the Democratic Republic of Congo). A multitude of supply, demand, cost and sustainability conditions are poised to drive a rapid expansion of the battery recycling industry, more than tripling its capacity by 2030, according to a new analysis by IHS Markit.

2020 167

Cobalt Blockchain and DLT Labs form JV to release Mintrax blockchain platform for mineral traceability

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The transactional flow of Mintrax is based on COBC’s operational experience trading certified-conflict-free metals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and work with due-diligence program design firm BetterChain, as well as DLT’s deep-bench supply chain and logistics experience with IBM’s Hyperledger Fabric blockchain. Cobalt Blockchain Inc.(COBC) COBC) and DLT Labs Inc.

2018 183

Roskill: a more sustainable cobalt supply chain will require huge improvements to the safety and security of ASM workers

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The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is expected to be the source for approximately 69% of mined cobalt in 2020—i.e.,

Nature editorial calls for reduction in cobalt in transportation electrification to address scarcity

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The supply of Co is heavily geographically polarized, with the Democratic Republic of Congo providing over 60% of the mined cobalt market volume1. An editorial in the journal Nature says that the reduction and elimination of cobalt in EV batteries must remain a pressing need to continue to address its scarcity. Cobalt is currently the most expensive component used in mainstream passenger EV batteries due to its limited availability.

2020 159

GlobalData: Global lithium production to triple over the next four years

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million tons; Congo (Kinshasa), Russia, and Serbia, 1 million tons each; Czechia, 840,000 tons; Zimbabwe, 500,000 tons; Spain, 400,000 tons; Mali, 200,000 tons; Brazil and Mexico, 180,000 tons each; Portugal, 100,000 tons; and Austria, 50,000 tons. High growth in demand for lithium batteries is spurring three-fold growth in mine production of lithium over the next four years, with 86kt of new lithium metal capacity coming on stream, according to data and analytics company GlobalData.

2018 210

Benchhmark report: cobalt’s price rises highlight shift to battery-driven pricing dynamics

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But these high prices have remained as the demand outlook for 2021 strengthens, and fears begin to crystalize over long term availability, particularly from industrial Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) producers.

2020 313

Nature editorial: environmental and human costs of Li-ion technology must be addressed quickly

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The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) supplies about 70% of cobalt. An editorial in the journal Nature calls on policy makers, industry leaders and researchers to mitigate quickly the environmental and human costs of Li-ion batteries. Li-ion batteries currently are the indispensable enabling technology for electric vehicles and the electric grid, the latter due to the need to store energy from renewable sources.

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CLEE, NRGI studying ways to improve sustainability and governance across EV battery supply chain

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UC Berkeley School of Law’s Center for Law, Energy & the Environment (CLEE) and the Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) are conducting a stakeholder-led research initiative focused on identifying strategies to improve sustainability and governance across the EV battery supply chain.

2020 206

DOE to award $30M for research to secure domestic supply chain of critical elements and minerals

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At present, the US relies on imports from nations such as China and the Democratic Republic of Congo for these critical materials. The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award up to $30 million to support scientific research that will ensure US businesses can reliably tap into a domestic supply of critical elements and minerals—specifically rare earth elements (REE) and platinum group elements (PGE)—needed to produce clean energy technologies. (

Yergin: overwhelming number of new car sales will be EVs in coming decades, but 2/3 of global fleet to remain gasoline-powered in 2050

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And more than 50% of global cobalt supply comes from one place: the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Electric vehicles will make up as many as 8 out of 10 new cars sold in 2050, but it will still be a long road before they dislodge gasoline as the predominant fuel in transportation, IHS Markit Vice Chairman Daniel Yergin writes in his new book, The New Map: Energy, Climate and the Clash of Nations.

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