MIT researchers boost efficiency of carbon capture and conversion systems

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Researchers at MIT have developed a method that could significantly boost the performance of carbon capture and conversion systems that use catalytic surfaces to enhance the rates of carbon-sequestering electrochemical reactions.

MIT study measures which kinds of infrastructure improvements could get more electric cars on the road

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A new study from researchers at MIT uncovers the kinds of infrastructure improvements that would make the biggest difference in increasing the number of electric cars on the road, a key step toward reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transportation.

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MIT, NASA engineers develop morphing wing

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The new wing design was tested in a NASA wind tunnel and is described in a paper in the journal Smart Materials and Structures , co-authored by research engineer Nicholas Cramer at NASA Ames in California; MIT alumnus Kenneth Cheung SM ’07 PhD ’12, now at NASA Ames; Benjamin Jenett, a graduate student in MIT’s Center for Bits and Atoms; and eight others. A team of engineers has built and tested a radically new kind of airplane wing, assembled from hundreds of tiny identical pieces.

2019 114

MIT team proposes SCR emission control for hybrid aviation turbines; reducing NOx by 95%

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Now, MIT engineers are proposing using an ammonia-based selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system that could result in an approximately 95% reduction in NO x emissions in exchange for a ~0.5% —Steven Barrett, professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT and corresponding author. The paper’s co-authors are Prakash Prashanth, Raymond Speth, Sebastian Eastham, and Jayant Sabnins, all members of MIT’s Laboratory for Aviation and the Environment.

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VW diesel cheating produced 1,200 premature deaths: MIT study

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TDI VW health MIT air pollution Volkswagen diesel scandalIn September 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency revealed Volkswagen's use of illegal "defeat device" software in its diesel cars. The software routines allowed cars to pass emissions tests while still producing up to 35 times the legal limits of nitrogen oxides in real-world driving, setting off a scandal that is still being dealt.

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MIT study finds stiffer roadways could improve truck fuel efficiency

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Now, a study by MIT researchers suggests that small changes in roadway paving practices could reduce that efficiency loss, at little to no cost. Kirchain, who is co-director of MIT’s Concrete Sustainability Hub, says that in carrying out this study, the team is “trying to understand what are some of the systemic environmental and economic impacts that are associated with a change to the use of concrete in particular in the pavement system.”.

2020 74

Electric-car range anxiety exists, but it's overblown, says MIT study

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Study MIT plug-in cars range anxietyRange anxiety, the persistent worry about not having enough battery range to finish a journey, remains one of the major obstacles to widespread electric-car adoption. Many electric cars still have shorter ranges than comparable internal-combustion models, and that continues to spook some consumers. But could those concerns be overblown? DON'T.

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MIT Task Force on the Work of the Future suggests widespread autonomous driving at least a decade away

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The MIT Task Force on the Work of the Future has released a new research brief examining the future of autonomous vehicles. The brief is part of a series of subject-specific research projects by MIT faculty that will help frame national discussion and policies about work, technology, and how we can create greater shared prosperity in the country.

2020 84

MIT team develops data-driven safety envelope for lithium-ion batteries for EVs

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Researchers at MIT, with a colleague from Tsinghua University, have developed a safety envelope for Li-ion batteries in electric vehicles by using a high accuracy finite element model of a pouch cell to produce more than 2,500 simulations and subsequently analyzing the data with Machine Learning (ML) algorithms.

2019 108

MIT system trains driverless cars using reinforcement learning with data-driven simulation

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A data-driven simulation system invented at MIT, in collaboration with the Toyota Research Institute, to train driverless cars creates a photorealistic world with infinite steering possibilities, helping the cars learn to navigate a host of worse-case scenarios before cruising down real streets. The MIT researchers tackled the problem with their photorealistic simulator, called Virtual Image Synthesis and Transformation for Autonomy (VISTA).

2020 88

MIT and Lamborghini file patent on new MOF material for supercapacitors

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The collaboration began three years ago when Automobili Lamborghini joined the MIT-Italy Program, and took a further step forward in 2017 with the launch of two research projects, one with Professor Mircea Dinc? MIT - Department of Chemistry), and the other with Professor John Anastasios Hart (MIT - Department of Mechanical Engineering), focused on battery materials. At MIT, the Dinc?

2019 76

MIT engineers develop efficient means of carbon capture using electrochemical cell

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Researchers at MIT have developed a new, efficient way to capture carbon that addresses the inherent inefficiencies ( earlier post ) of incumbent technologies, due to their thermal energy losses, large footprint or degradation of sorbent material. The binary nature of the adsorbent’s affinity to carbon dioxide is the greatest advantage of this technology over most other carbon capture or carbon absorbing technologies, said MIT postdoc Sahag Voskian, who developed the work during his PhD.

2019 95

MIT researchers develop method to make smaller, safer, and faster lithium-rich ceramic electrolyte

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Researchers at MIT have devised a new pulsed laser deposition technique to make thinner lithium electrolytes using less heat, promising faster charging and potentially higher-voltage solid-state lithium ion batteries. —MIT Associate Professor Jennifer Rupp, senior author. MIT and ETH have jointly filed for two patents on the multi-layer lithium garnet/lithium nitride processing.

2019 94

MIT proof-of-concept demo of ionic wind propulsion for aircraft

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MIT researchers have demonstrated that an aircraft with a 5-meter wingspan can sustain steady-level flight using ionic-wind propulsion. Corresponding author Steven Barrett, associate professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT, noted that his team’s study marked the first sustained flight of a plane with no moving parts in the propulsion system. The MIT team’s final design resembles a large, lightweight glider.

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MIT team finds aviation emissions’ impacts on air quality larger than on climate

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Researchers at MIT have determined that growth in aviation causes twice as much damage to air quality as to the climate. —lead researcher Dr Sebastian Eastham, from the Laboratory for Aviation and the Environment in MIT's Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

2019 89

MIT: hybrid cathodes could boost energy capacity of lithium-sulfur batteries

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Researchers at MIT and in China are proposing a new class of dense intercalation-conversion hybrid cathodes by combining intercalation-type Mo 6 S 8 with conversion-type sulfur (HMSC) to realize a Li–S full cell. The work was supported by the Samsung Advanced institute of Technology, the National Key Technologies R&D Program of China, the National Science Foundation of China, and MIT’s Department of Materials Science and Engineering.

MIT researchers use neural networks to speed materials design; 5 weeks vs 50 years for flow battery proof-of-concept

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Now, researchers at MIT have found a way to streamline the discovery process using a machine learning system. MIT professor of chemical engineering Heather Kulik says they “are really fascinating, functional materials that are unlike a lot of other material phases.

2020 96

MIT, Stanford and Toyota Research Institute use AI to predict accurately the useful life of batteries

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Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Stanford University and the Toyota Research Institute (TRI) have discovered that combining comprehensive experimental data and artificial intelligence provide the key for accurately predicting the useful life of lithium-ion batteries before their capacities started to wane. MIT’s team, led by Richard Braatz, professor in Chemical Engineering, performed the machine learning work.

2019 92

MIT study: half of US deaths related to air pollution are linked to out-of-state emissions

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More than half of all air-quality-related early deaths in the United States are a result of emissions originating outside of the state in which those deaths occur, MIT researchers report in a paper in the journal Nature. —study leader Steven Barrett, an associate professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT. The research was a collaboration between MIT’s Laboratory for Aviation and the Environment and the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change.

2020 81

MIT team proposes ARC fusion reactor: affordable, robust, compact

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Advances in magnet technology have enabled researchers at MIT to propose a new design for a practical compact tokamak fusion reactor that might be realized in as little as a decade: the ARC (affordable, robust, compact) reactor. The basic reactor concept and its associated elements are based on well-tested and proven principles developed over decades of research at MIT and around the world, the team says.

MIT team develops new lane-change algorithm for autonomous cars

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At the IEEE 2018 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) are presenting a new lane-change algorithm that splits the difference. With the MIT researchers’ system, if the default buffer zones are leading to performance that’s far worse than a human driver’s, the system will compute new buffer zones on the fly—complete with proof of collision avoidance.

2018 69

MIT, QCRI use AI to enrich digital maps to improve GPS navigation; RoadTagger

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A model developed by Researchers at MIT and Qatar Computing Research Institute (QCRI) have developed a model that uses satellite imagery to tag road features in digital maps to help improve GPS navigation. Showing drivers more details about their routes can often help them navigate in unfamiliar locations. Lane counts, for instance, can enable a GPS system to warn drivers of diverging or merging lanes.

2020 74

MIT researchers developing LiDAR on a chip

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Researchers at MIT’s Photonic Microsystems Group are developing a LiDAR-on-a-chip system that is smaller than a dime, has no moving parts, and could be mass produced at a very low cost to be used in self-driving cars, drones, and robots. Our work at MIT’s Photonic Microsystems Group is trying to take these large, expensive, mechanical LiDAR systems and integrate them on a microchip that can be mass produced in commercial CMOS foundries.

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MIT team proposes flex-fuel gasoline-alcohol engine PHEV long-haul trucks

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In a paper being presented at WCX SAE World Congress Experience in Detroit this week, a team from MIT is proposing the use of a flex-fuel gasoline-alcohol engine approach for a series-hybrid powertrain for long-haul Class 8 trucks. The new concept was developed by MIT Energy Initiative and Plasma Fusion and Science Center research scientist Daniel Cohn and principal research engineer Leslie Bromberg. The research was supported by the MIT Arthur Samberg Energy Innovation Fund.

2019 84

MIT autonomous boats can target and latch onto each other: dynamic roboat structures

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To further that vision, MIT researchers have given new capabilities to their fleet of robotic boats—which are being developed as part of an ongoing project—that lets them target and clasp onto each other, and keep trying if they fail. Several years ago, MIT and the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions (AMS Institute) teamed up on the “ Roboat ” project.

2019 78

Hardly A Vehicle, MIT's Electric Cheetah Is Still Impressive

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Meet MIT''s battery-powered robotic cheetah. While plug-in cars remain a small niche, electric power is displacing internal combustion in a completely different type of "vehicle." The school''s Biometrics Lab built it to study and replicate the movements of animals. Normally, these types of robots are powered by gasoline engines, but this one uses

2014 84

MIT, NASA, ORNL team developing “neutron microscope”

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Researchers at MIT, working with partners at NASA and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, have developed a new concept for a “neutron microscope”—a compact focusing-mirror-based small-angle neutron scattering instrument—that would use neutrons instead of beams of light or electrons to create high-resolution images.

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MIT researchers pursuing increasing human-vehicle collaboration

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Researchers at MIT are developing systems that could allow humans, robots and other autonomous vehicles to collaborate on everything from navigation to trip planning, and eventually pave the way for the operation of personal aircraft and driverless cars.

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Audi and MIT develop Road Frustration Index

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Driving in chaotic urban traffic can be as nearly as stressful as jumping out of an airplane, according to new findings from an Audi and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) study. To better understand the impact road frustrations have on motorists today, Audi joined forces with the MIT SENSEable City Laboratory to explore a wide range of measurements aimed at quantifying driver stress on the road today. —Kael Greco, project leader, MIT SENSEable City Laboratory.

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MIT team engineers yeast to boost lipid production for biofuels

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MIT engineers have genetically engineered strains of the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica to boost the production of lipids by about 25% compared to previously engineered yeast strains. A paper on their work is published in the journal Nature Biotechnology ; the MIT team, led by Gregory Stephanopoulos, the Willard Henry Dow Professor of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology at MIT, is now working on additional improvements to the lipids yield.

2017 68

MIT, Toyota researchers develop new model for better autonomous reasoning at tricky intersections

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MIT and Toyota researchers have designed a new model to help autonomous vehicles determine when it’s safe to merge into traffic at intersections with obstructed views. —Daniela Rus, director of the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and the Andrew and Erna Viterbi Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.

2019 65

ExxonMobil expands participation in MIT Energy Initiative’s low-carbon research; Mobility of Future study

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ExxonMobil said extended its support of the MIT Energy Initiative’s (MITEI) low-carbon energy research and education mission by renewing its status as a founding member for another five years. ExxonMobil first signed on as a member of the initiative in 2014. With its renewed membership, ExxonMobil will expand its participation in MITEI’s Low-Carbon Energy Centers. The company will: Extend its membership in MITEI’s Center for Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage.

2019 60

MIT offers report on electrification of transport

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A report on the proceedings of the symposium on The Electrification of the Transportation System: Issues and Opportunities has been released by the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI). Electric cars Green cars Latest news electrification mit MIT Energy Initiative transport industryBoth John Deutch and Ernest Motiz offered a summary reflecting their own observations on electrification. - Why it is important: They outlined that electrification is important because petrol [.].

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DOE awards MIT researchers $1.9M to advance electrolytic production of copper; direct production of copper wire

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded MIT associate professor of metallurgy Antoine Allanore a $1.9-million grant to run larger scale tests of a new one-step, molten electrolysis process ( earlier post ) to produce copper from sulfur-based minerals—the main source of copper. The MIT molten sulfide electrolysis process eliminates sulfur dioxide, a noxious byproduct of traditional copper extraction methods, instead producing pure elemental sulfur.

2018 78

MIT develops safe co-pilot for drivers

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Well now you can picture something similar in regular passenger cars, thanks to a development from researchers at MIT. Green cars Latest news car safety green cars mit safetyRemember when you were taking your driving lessons and the instructor had dual controls just in case something went wrong? They have come up with a semi-autonomous safety system for vehicles (pictured) that allows a driver [.].

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MIT, Ford researchers find lightweight conventional vehicles could have lower lifecycle GHG impact than EVs depending upon location

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Researchers at MIT and the Ford Motor Company have found that depending on the location, lightweight conventional vehicles could have a lower lifecycle greenhouse gas impact than electric vehicles, at least in the near term. The biggest factor leading to that conclusion was the mix of generating sources going into the grid in different regions, said MIT Principal Research Scientist Randolph Kirchain.

2019 81

MIT engineers develop system to help autonomous vehicles see around corners; adapting ShadowCam

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To improve the safety of autonomous systems, MIT engineers have developed a system that can sense tiny changes in shadows on the ground to determine if there’s a moving object coming around the corner. MIT professors William Freeman and Antonio Torralba, who are not co-authors on the IROS paper, collaborated on the earlier versions of the system, which were presented at conferences in 2017 and 2018.

2019 60

MIT, GE, Audi launch HubCab Project in New York City

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MIT, in partnership with Audi and GE, has launched HubCab —a transportation tracking tool aimed at reducing commuting congestion, decreasing vehicle emissions and lowering the cost of mobility infrastructure. MIT researchers say HubCab technology could not only save people money and time, but allow users to better plan their taxi rides around the city, potentially reducing the number of trips by 40%.

MIT and Saudi Aramco augment existing collaboration; more energy research

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MIT President Susan Hockfield and Saudi Aramco President and CEO Khalid A. Al-Falih signed a Memorandum of Understanding in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, providing a framework that will greatly expand the research and education partnership between MIT and Saudi Aramco. Saudi Aramco has agreed to become a Founding Member of the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI), raising its participation from its current Sustaining Membership.

MIT team devises technique to observe hydrogen’s penetration in metal surfaces; understanding embrittlement

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Researchers at MIT have created a new technique that allows the observation of a metal surface during hydrogen penetration—the process that results in embrittlement of the metal. The new way of observing the embrittlement process as it happens may help to reveal how the embrittlement gets triggered, and it may suggest ways of slowing the process—or of avoiding it by designing alloys that are less vulnerable to embrittlement.

2019 74

MIT, Lockheed Martin launch long-term research collaboration on autonomy and robotics

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In a new collaborative initiative in autonomy and robotics, MIT and Lockheed Martin scientists will focus on innovations needed to enable generation-after-next autonomous systems. Improvements in human/machine teaming and navigation in complex environments are among the research challenges that Lockheed Martin is inviting MIT faculty and their students to help solve.

2016 60

MIT systems analysis identifies optimal vehicle platooning strategies

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MIT engineers have studied a simple vehicle-platooning scenario and determined the best ways to deploy vehicles in order to save fuel and minimize delays. Their analysis, presented this week at the International Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics ( WAFR 2016 ), shows that relatively simple, straightforward schedules may be the optimal approach for saving fuel and minimizing delays for autonomous vehicle fleets.

2016 64

MIT simulations suggest nanostructured topological materials could increase thermoelectric efficiency threefold

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MIT researchers have discovered a way to increase the efficiency of thermoelectric materials threefold by using “topological” materials, which have unique electronic properties. In a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , the MIT researchers identify the underlying property that makes certain topological materials a potentially more efficient thermoelectric material, compared to existing devices.

2018 74