VW diesel cheating produced 1,200 premature deaths: MIT study

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TDI VW health MIT air pollution Volkswagen diesel scandalIn September 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency revealed Volkswagen's use of illegal "defeat device" software in its diesel cars. The software routines allowed cars to pass emissions tests while still producing up to 35 times the legal limits of nitrogen oxides in real-world driving, setting off a scandal that is still being dealt.

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MIT researchers developing LiDAR on a chip

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Researchers at MIT’s Photonic Microsystems Group are developing a LiDAR-on-a-chip system that is smaller than a dime, has no moving parts, and could be mass produced at a very low cost to be used in self-driving cars, drones, and robots.

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MIT simulations suggest nanostructured topological materials could increase thermoelectric efficiency threefold

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MIT researchers have discovered a way to increase the efficiency of thermoelectric materials threefold by using “topological” materials, which have unique electronic properties. —Te-Huan Liu, a postdoc in MIT’s Department of Mechanical Engineering and lead author.

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Tsinghua, MIT, Argonne team discovers lithium titanate hydrates for superfast, stable cycling in Li-ion batteries

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Electric-car range anxiety exists, but it's overblown, says MIT study

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Study MIT plug-in cars range anxietyRange anxiety, the persistent worry about not having enough battery range to finish a journey, remains one of the major obstacles to widespread electric-car adoption. Many electric cars still have shorter ranges than comparable internal-combustion models, and that continues to spook some consumers. But could those concerns be overblown? DON'T.

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Lamborghini presents electric super sports car design concept, developed in collaboration with MIT labs

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Automobili Lamborghini, a member of the Volkswagen Group, unveiled its new design concept for a future Lamborghini electric super sports car: the “Lamborghini of the Terzo Millennio”, developed in collaboration with two MIT laboratories. Two MIT labs—the Dinca Research Lab, led by Prof.

2017 78

MIT team engineers yeast to boost lipid production for biofuels

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MIT engineers have genetically engineered strains of the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica to boost the production of lipids by about 25% compared to previously engineered yeast strains. A paper on their work is published in the journal Nature Biotechnology ; the MIT team, led by Gregory Stephanopoulos, the Willard Henry Dow Professor of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology at MIT, is now working on additional improvements to the lipids yield.

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MIT team develops first supercapacitor made entirely from neat MOFs, without conductive additives or binders

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Researchers at MIT have shown that a MOF (metal-organic framework) with high electrical conductivity—Ni 3 (2,3,6,7,10,11-hexaiminotriphenylene) 2 (Ni 3 (HITP) 2 )—can serve as the sole electrode material in a supercapacitor.

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MIT, NASA, ORNL team developing “neutron microscope”

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The new concept has been outlined in a series of research papers this year, including one published this week in Nature Communications by MIT postdoc Dazhi Liu, research scientist Boris Khaykovich, professor David Moncton, and four others.

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MIT-led study suggests route to improving solid-state Li-ion batteries

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Researchers at MIT, and their colleagues in Germany, suggest that smooth surfaces on a solid electrolyte may prevent harmful Li infiltration, thereby improving the performance of solid-state Li-ion batteries. Craig Carter, the POSCO Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at MIT.

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MIT researchers develop oxygen permeable membrane that converts CO2 to CO

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MIT researchers have developed a new system that could potentially be used for converting power plant emissions of carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide, and thence into useful fuels for cars, trucks, and planes, as well as into chemical feedstocks for a wide variety of products. The new membrane-based system for CO 2 thermochemical reduction was developed by MIT postdoc Xiao-Yu Wu and Ahmed Ghoniem, the Ronald C.

2017 69

MIT, Novogy team engineers microbes for competitive advantage in industrial fermentation; the ROBUST strategy

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Researchers at MIT and startup Novogy have engineered bacteria and yeast ( Escherichia coli , Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Yarrowia lipolytica ) used as producer microbes in biofuel production to use rare compounds as sources of nutrients.

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Stanford, CMU, MIT team reviews challenges to practical implementation of solid-state Li-ion batteries

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A team from Stanford, Carnegie Mellon University, and MIT recently published an open-access paper in the Journal of the Electrochemical Society reviewing the practical challenges hindering the development of solid-state Li-ion batteries.

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MIT systems analysis identifies optimal vehicle platooning strategies

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MIT engineers have studied a simple vehicle-platooning scenario and determined the best ways to deploy vehicles in order to save fuel and minimize delays. Their analysis, presented this week at the International Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics ( WAFR 2016 ), shows that relatively simple, straightforward schedules may be the optimal approach for saving fuel and minimizing delays for autonomous vehicle fleets.

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Volkswagen, BASF present “Science Award Electrochemistry” to Dr. Jennifer Rupp from MIT; solid-state batteries

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The BASF and Volkswagen international “ Science Award Electrochemistry 2017” ( earlier post ) this year goes to Dr. Jennifer Rupp at MIT. Rupp is Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge (USA) and affiliated to ETH Zurich (Switzerland). The jury of representatives from BASF, Volkswagen and academia selected her for her outstanding research results in the area of next-generation energy storage systems.

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Autoliv and MIT AgeLab to collaborate in the research of autonomous vehicle systems

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—Bryan Reimer, MIT. Autoliv, Inc. is entering into a two-year research collaboration with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology AgeLab to develop a semi-autonomous vehicle prototype that demonstrates the future of human-centered artificial intelligence in the automotive space. Learnings from the research collaboration will likely be used in the development of software from Zenuity, the software joint venture of Autoliv and Volvo Cars.

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Audi and MIT develop Road Frustration Index

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Driving in chaotic urban traffic can be as nearly as stressful as jumping out of an airplane, according to new findings from an Audi and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) study. To better understand the impact road frustrations have on motorists today, Audi joined forces with the MIT SENSEable City Laboratory to explore a wide range of measurements aimed at quantifying driver stress on the road today. —Kael Greco, project leader, MIT SENSEable City Laboratory.

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MIT, Lockheed Martin launch long-term research collaboration on autonomy and robotics

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In a new collaborative initiative in autonomy and robotics, MIT and Lockheed Martin scientists will focus on innovations needed to enable generation-after-next autonomous systems. Improvements in human/machine teaming and navigation in complex environments are among the research challenges that Lockheed Martin is inviting MIT faculty and their students to help solve.

2016 60

New MIT metal-mesh membrane could solve longstanding problems with liquid metal displacement batteries; inexpensive grid power storage

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A new metal mesh membrane developed by researchers at MIT could advance the use of the Na–NiCl 2 displacement battery, which has eluded widespread adoption owing to the fragility of the ?"-Al MIT professor Donald Sadoway and his team took a different approach, realizing that the functions of that membrane could instead be performed by a specially coated metal mesh, a much stronger and more flexible material that could stand up to the rigors of use in industrial-scale storage systems.

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Daimler joining MIT CSAIL Alliance Program for AI work; cognitive vehicles

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Daimler is becoming a new member of the MIT CSAIL Alliance Program. MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory ( CSAIL ) is the largest research laboratory at MIT and one of the world’s most important centers of information technology research. The new cooperation with the MIT ideally complements this.

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MIT Energy Initiative report on transforming the US transportation system by 2050 to address climate challenges

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On the Road toward 2050” is a synthesis of research conducted in the Sloan Automotive Laboratory at MIT over the past five years, primarily under the direction of Heywood, with support from the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI) as well as MITEI Founding Member Eni S.p.A.

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MIT team discovers two mechanisms at work in Li dendrite formation

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Researchers at MIT have carried out the most detailed analysis yet of lithium dendrite formation from lithium anodes in batteries and have found that there are two entirely different mechanisms at work. The work was supported by Robert Bosch LLC through the MIT Energy Initiative.

2016 85

Hardly A Vehicle, MIT's Electric Cheetah Is Still Impressive

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Meet MIT''s battery-powered robotic cheetah. While plug-in cars remain a small niche, electric power is displacing internal combustion in a completely different type of "vehicle." The school''s Biometrics Lab built it to study and replicate the movements of animals.

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Coating developed at MIT could stop buildup of hydrate ices that slow or block oil and gas flow

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A team of researchers at MIT has developed a coating that could stop the buildup of hydrate ices that slow or block oil and gas flow. through the MIT Energy Initiative.

2017 78

MIT, GE, Audi launch HubCab Project in New York City

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MIT, in partnership with Audi and GE, has launched HubCab —a transportation tracking tool aimed at reducing commuting congestion, decreasing vehicle emissions and lowering the cost of mobility infrastructure. MIT researchers say HubCab technology could not only save people money and time, but allow users to better plan their taxi rides around the city, potentially reducing the number of trips by 40%.

MIT/CalTrans study finds pavement-vehicle interaction accounts for 1% of overall fuel consumption on California highways

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A recent collaboration between the MIT’s Concrete Sustainability Hub (CSHub) and the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) showed that phenomena associated with deflection-induced pavement-vehicle interaction (PVI) accounts for 1% of overall fuel consumption on California highways.

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MIT teams receiving $10M from TRI for next-gen battery materials

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Three MIT-affiliated research teams will receive about $10M in funding as part of a $35M materials science discovery program launched by the Toyota Research Institute (TRI). Provided over four years, the support to MIT researchers will be primarily directed at scientific discoveries and advancing energy storage. Gilliland Professor, two other MIT-affiliated projects will receive support from TRI.

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Max Planck, MIT researchers develop new strategy for high-entropy alloys; overcoming the strength/ductility tradeoff

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Researchers at the Max Planck Institute in Dusseldorf, Germany, and MIT have developed a novel strategy to design nanostructured, bulk high-entropy alloys (HEAs) ( earlier post ) with multiple compositionally equivalent high-entropy phases. Source: MIT.

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MIT researchers pursuing increasing human-vehicle collaboration

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Researchers at MIT are developing systems that could allow humans, robots and other autonomous vehicles to collaborate on everything from navigation to trip planning, and eventually pave the way for the operation of personal aircraft and driverless cars.

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MIT offers report on electrification of transport

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A report on the proceedings of the symposium on The Electrification of the Transportation System: Issues and Opportunities has been released by the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI). Electric cars Green cars Latest news electrification mit MIT Energy Initiative transport industryBoth John Deutch and Ernest Motiz offered a summary reflecting their own observations on electrification. - Why it is important: They outlined that electrification is important because petrol [.].

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Sadoway and MIT team demonstrate calcium-metal-based liquid metal battery

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MIT CSAIL, Cornell study finds rides-sharing theoretically could cut taxi traffic in NYC by 75%

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A new modeling study by a team from MIT CSAIL (Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory) and Cornell suggests that using ride-sharing from companies like Uber and Lyft theoretically could reduce the number of taxis on the road in New York City by 75% without significantly impacting travel time.

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Angela Belcher wins $500,000 2013 Lemelson-MIT Prize

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MIT professor Angela Belcher has been named the recipient of this year’s $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize, which honors an outstanding inventor dedicated to improving the world through technological invention. Belcher, who heads up the Biomolecular Materials Group at MIT, combines organic and inorganic materials to create novel electronic materials for a variety of applications, such as solar cells, fuel, environmentally friendly batteries and medical diagnostics.

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MIT’s Copenhagen Bike Wheel

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Researchers at MIT have developed a new bicycle rear wheel—the Copenhagen Wheel —that can capture energy from braking and deliver the power back to provide a boost. The wheel, designed to be easily interchangeable with any standard bicycle’s rear wheel, also offers a variety of extra functions including real-time environmental sensing capabilities. A close-up of the Copenhagen Wheel, from MIT’s SENSEable City Lab. Click to enlarge.

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MIT and Saudi Aramco augment existing collaboration; more energy research

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MIT President Susan Hockfield and Saudi Aramco President and CEO Khalid A. Al-Falih signed a Memorandum of Understanding in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, providing a framework that will greatly expand the research and education partnership between MIT and Saudi Aramco. Saudi Aramco has agreed to become a Founding Member of the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI), raising its participation from its current Sustaining Membership.

MIT study finds lithium sulfide solid electrolyte more brittle than ideal for batteries

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Researchers at MIT have probed the mechanical properties of Li2 S –P 2 S 5 —thought to be a promising amorphous lithium-ion-conducting solid electrolyte—to determine its mechanical performance when incorporated into batteries. The research team also included MIT researchers Sean Bishop, Erica Eggleton, Lukas Porz, and Xinwei Chen.

2017 60

Ford, MIT project uses LiDAR, cameras to measure pedestrian traffic & predict demand for new, on-demand electric shuttles

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Ford Motor Company and MIT are collaborating on a new research project that measures how pedestrians move in urban areas to improve certain public transportation services, such as ride-hailing and point-to-point shuttles services. The MIT research is being conducted by the Aeronautics and Astronautics Department’s Aerospace Controls Lab. Ford and MIT researchers plan to introduce the service to a group of students and faculty beginning in September.

2016 60

MIT researchers open new direction in search for better batteries; the potential of disordered materials

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Conventional layered lithium and transition metal cathode material (top) and the new disordered material studied by researchers at MIT (bottom) as seen through a scanning tunneling electron microscope.

2014 90

MIT and Harvard team develop material that stores sun’s heat

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Researchers from MIT and Harvard University have developed a material that can absorb the sun’s heat and store that energy in chemical form, ready to be released again on demand. In essence, it makes the sun’s energy, in the form of heat, storable and distributable, siad Jeffrey Grossman, the Carl Richard Soderberg Associate Professor of Power Engineering at MIT, and co-author. The work was supported by BP though the MIT Energy Initiative and the US.

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MIT develops safe co-pilot for drivers

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Well now you can picture something similar in regular passenger cars, thanks to a development from researchers at MIT. Green cars Latest news car safety green cars mit safetyRemember when you were taking your driving lessons and the instructor had dual controls just in case something went wrong? They have come up with a semi-autonomous safety system for vehicles (pictured) that allows a driver [.].

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