MIT engineers create 2D polymer that self-assembles into sheets

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Using a novel polymerization process, MIT chemical engineers have created a new two-dimensional polymer that self-assembles into sheets, unlike all other polymers which form one-dimensional chains. Dubbs Professor of Chemical Engineering at MIT and the senior author of the new study.

DOE awards Core Power and MIT Energy Initiative funding for floating nuclear power research project

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The US Department of Energy’s Nuclear Energy University Program ( NEUP ) has awarded research funds to the MIT Energy Initiative, CORE POWER, and the Idaho National Laboratory for a three-year study into the development of offshore floating nuclear power generation in the US.

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MIT researchers boost efficiency of carbon capture and conversion systems

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Researchers at MIT have developed a method that could significantly boost the performance of carbon capture and conversion systems that use catalytic surfaces to enhance the rates of carbon-sequestering electrochemical reactions.

New MIT algorithm helps AI systems dodge adversarial inputs; CARRL

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A new deep-learning algorithm developed by MIT researchers is designed to help machines navigate in the real, imperfect world by building a healthy “skepticism” of the measurements and inputs they receive. —Michael Everett, lead author and a postdoc in MIT’s Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AeroAstro). This research was supported, in part, by Ford Motor Company as part of the Ford-MIT Alliance.

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MIT, Brookhaven team develops simple method for stabilizing interfaces in solid-state lithium-ion batteries

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Now, a team of researchers at MIT and Brookhaven National Laboratory has developed a way of achieving results that equal or surpass the durability of the coated surfaces, but with no need for any coatings.

MIT study attributes > 50% of Li-ion rapid cost decline to investment in materials & chemistry R&D

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A team at MIT has analyzed what has accounted for the extraordinary savings and found that by far the biggest single factor was work on research and development, particularly in chemistry and materials science.

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MIT researchers develop optimized sulfidation separation process for rare earth and other key metals

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New processing methods developed by MIT researchers could help ease looming shortages of the essential metals that power everything from phones to automotive batteries by making it easier to separate these rare metals from mining ores and recycled materials.

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MIT, NASA engineers develop morphing wing

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The new wing design was tested in a NASA wind tunnel and is described in a paper in the journal Smart Materials and Structures , co-authored by research engineer Nicholas Cramer at NASA Ames in California; MIT alumnus Kenneth Cheung SM ’07 PhD ’12, now at NASA Ames; Benjamin Jenett, a graduate student in MIT’s Center for Bits and Atoms; and eight others. A team of engineers has built and tested a radically new kind of airplane wing, assembled from hundreds of tiny identical pieces.

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MIT, Scripps study examines behavior of midwater sediment plumes from deep-sea nodule mining

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Now, oceanographers at MIT, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and elsewhere have carried out an experiment at sea for the first time to study the turbulent sediment plume that mining vessels would potentially release back into the ocean.

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NREL, MIT, WSU team develops process to convert lignin to aromatic blendstock for 100% sustainable aviation fuel

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MIT study finds materials risk exposure increases significantly with vehicle electrification

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Now, a study by a team from MIT’s Materials Systems Laboratory, with support from Ford, provides insight into how electrification is changing vehicle composition and how that change is driving supply risk vulnerability. Modern automobiles are built with more than 2,000 different compounds comprising 76 different elements.

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MIT team reexamines rates of Li-ion cost decline

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Now, MIT researchers have carried out an exhaustive analysis of the studies that have looked at the decline in the prices these batteries.

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MIT Sequential Decomposition Synthesis process produces thin solid-state electrolytes without sintering

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A team from MIT has developed a new approach to fabricating oxide-based solid-state electrolytes that are comparable in thickness to the polymer separators found in current Li-ion batteries without sintering: sequential decomposition synthesis (SDS).

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MIT researchers propose mechanism for overcoming bottleneck in electroreduction of CO2

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Researchers at MIT have identified , quantified, and modeled a major reason for the poor performance of electroreduction processes to convert CO 2 to fuel or other useful chemicals. The research was supported by Shell, through the MIT Energy Initiative.

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MIT study finds Uber & Lyft increase congestion, decrease transit ridership and don’t affect vehicle ownership

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Researchers at MIT report that the entrance of transportation network companies (TNCs)—specifically Uber and Lyft, which together have a 98% share of the market—in cities led to increased road congestion in terms of both intensity (by 0.9%) and duration (by 4.5%); an 8.9% Unlike previous studies that focused only on Uber, the dataset developed by the MIT team allowed them to take both Uber and Lyft into account.

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MIT study finds stiffer roadways could improve truck fuel efficiency

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Now, a study by MIT researchers suggests that small changes in roadway paving practices could reduce that efficiency loss, at little to no cost.

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How MIT’s Muriel Medard Pioneered the Universal Decoder

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The MIT electrical engineering and computer science professor’s positive thinking has led to new ways to improve tried-and-true techniques in the field of information theory. She liked working on creative projects and mathematics, so she decided to study math and literature at MIT.

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MIT electrolyte enables ultra-high voltage Ni-rich cathodes in Li-metal batteries

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MIT researchers and colleagues at two national laboratories have developed a sulfonamide-based electrolyte that enables stable cycling of a commercial LiNi 0.8

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MIT team engineers yeast to be more tolerant to toxic byproducts, boosting biofuels production; “tolerance module”

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To try to expand biofuels’ potential impact, a team of MIT engineers has now found a way to expand the use of a wider range of nonfood feedstocks to produce such fuels. The MIT researchers developed a way to circumvent that toxicity, making it feasible to use those sources, which are much more plentiful, to produce biofuels. — Felix Lam, an MIT research associate and lead author.

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MIT team proposes SCR emission control for hybrid aviation turbines; reducing NOx by 95%

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Now, MIT engineers are proposing using an ammonia-based selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system that could result in an approximately 95% reduction in NO x emissions in exchange for a ~0.5% —Steven Barrett, professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT and corresponding author. The paper’s co-authors are Prakash Prashanth, Raymond Speth, Sebastian Eastham, and Jayant Sabnins, all members of MIT’s Laboratory for Aviation and the Environment.

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MIT system trains driverless cars using reinforcement learning with data-driven simulation

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A data-driven simulation system invented at MIT, in collaboration with the Toyota Research Institute, to train driverless cars creates a photorealistic world with infinite steering possibilities, helping the cars learn to navigate a host of worse-case scenarios before cruising down real streets.

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Founder of MIT’s Microsystems Technology Labs Dies at 88

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Founder of MIT's Microsystems Technology Labs. Penfield's academic career at MIT spanned 45 years. After joining MIT as a professor in 1960, he moved up the ranks and served as associate head of the electrical engineering and computer science department from 1974 to 1978.

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MIT’s fleet of autonomous boats can now shapeshift

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MIT’s fleet of autonomous boats ( earlier post ) has been updated with new capabilities to “shapeshift,” by autonomously disconnecting and reassembling into a variety of configurations, to form floating structures in Amsterdam’s many canals. The project is led by MIT professors Carlo Ratti, Daniela Rus, Dennis Frenchman, and Andrew Whittle. In 2016, MIT researchers tested a roboat prototype that could move forward, backward, and laterally along a preprogrammed path in the canals.

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MIT study measures which kinds of infrastructure improvements could get more electric cars on the road

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A new study from researchers at MIT uncovers the kinds of infrastructure improvements that would make the biggest difference in increasing the number of electric cars on the road, a key step toward reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transportation.

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MIT team studies grid impacts of concentrated highway EV fast charging

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Researchers at the MIT Energy Initiative have investigated the grid impacts of scaled up highway fast-charging (HFC) infrastructure by using an operations model of the 2033 Texas power grid with uniquely high spatial and temporal resolution.

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MIT Task Force on the Work of the Future suggests widespread autonomous driving at least a decade away

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The MIT Task Force on the Work of the Future has released a new research brief examining the future of autonomous vehicles. The brief is part of a series of subject-specific research projects by MIT faculty that will help frame national discussion and policies about work, technology, and how we can create greater shared prosperity in the country.

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MIT team develops data-driven safety envelope for lithium-ion batteries for EVs

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Researchers at MIT, with a colleague from Tsinghua University, have developed a safety envelope for Li-ion batteries in electric vehicles by using a high accuracy finite element model of a pouch cell to produce more than 2,500 simulations and subsequently analyzing the data with Machine Learning (ML) algorithms.

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MIT researchers use neural networks to speed materials design; 5 weeks vs 50 years for flow battery proof-of-concept

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Now, researchers at MIT have found a way to streamline the discovery process using a machine learning system. MIT professor of chemical engineering Heather Kulik says they “are really fascinating, functional materials that are unlike a lot of other material phases.

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MIT study: people globally follow a “visitation law”; inverse relationship between distance and frequency of visits

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A new paper by an MIT team and colleagues in Singapore, China, Italy and Denmark, drawing on global data, finds that people visit places more frequently when they have to travel shorter distances to get there. —Paolo Santi, a research scientist at the Senseable City Lab at MIT and co-author.

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MIT study: half of US deaths related to air pollution are linked to out-of-state emissions

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More than half of all air-quality-related early deaths in the United States are a result of emissions originating outside of the state in which those deaths occur, MIT researchers report in a paper in the journal Nature.

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SLAC, MIT, TRI researchers advance machine learning to accelerate battery development; insights on fast-charging

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Hongbo Zhao/MIT). Scientists have made a major advance in harnessing machine learning to accelerate the design for better batteries. Instead of using machine learning just to speed up scientific analysis by looking for patterns in data—as typically done—the researchers combined it with knowledge gained from experiments and equations guided by physics to discover and explain a process that shortens the lifetimes of fast-charging lithium-ion batteries.

MIT engineers develop efficient means of carbon capture using electrochemical cell

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Researchers at MIT have developed a new, efficient way to capture carbon that addresses the inherent inefficiencies ( earlier post ) of incumbent technologies, due to their thermal energy losses, large footprint or degradation of sorbent material. The binary nature of the adsorbent’s affinity to carbon dioxide is the greatest advantage of this technology over most other carbon capture or carbon absorbing technologies, said MIT postdoc Sahag Voskian, who developed the work during his PhD.

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MIT-spin-off DERQ partners with Control Technologies to expand AI video analytics across US

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DERQ , an MIT-spin-off with an award-winning platform powered by patented AI and predictive analytics, is partnering with Control Technologies Group (CT Group), one of the US’ largest distributors of traffic signal control and intelligent transportation systems (ITS) equipment, for a multi-year distribution agreement.

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MIT and Lamborghini file patent on new MOF material for supercapacitors

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The collaboration began three years ago when Automobili Lamborghini joined the MIT-Italy Program, and took a further step forward in 2017 with the launch of two research projects, one with Professor Mircea Dinc? MIT - Department of Chemistry), and the other with Professor John Anastasios Hart (MIT - Department of Mechanical Engineering), focused on battery materials. At MIT, the Dinc?

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MIT proof-of-concept demo of ionic wind propulsion for aircraft

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MIT researchers have demonstrated that an aircraft with a 5-meter wingspan can sustain steady-level flight using ionic-wind propulsion. Corresponding author Steven Barrett, associate professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT, noted that his team’s study marked the first sustained flight of a plane with no moving parts in the propulsion system. The MIT team’s final design resembles a large, lightweight glider.

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VW diesel cheating produced 1,200 premature deaths: MIT study

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TDI VW health MIT air pollution Volkswagen diesel scandalIn September 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency revealed Volkswagen's use of illegal "defeat device" software in its diesel cars. The software routines allowed cars to pass emissions tests while still producing up to 35 times the legal limits of nitrogen oxides in real-world driving, setting off a scandal that is still being dealt.

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MIT, QCRI use AI to enrich digital maps to improve GPS navigation; RoadTagger

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A model developed by Researchers at MIT and Qatar Computing Research Institute (QCRI) have developed a model that uses satellite imagery to tag road features in digital maps to help improve GPS navigation.

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MIT researchers develop method to make smaller, safer, and faster lithium-rich ceramic electrolyte

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Researchers at MIT have devised a new pulsed laser deposition technique to make thinner lithium electrolytes using less heat, promising faster charging and potentially higher-voltage solid-state lithium ion batteries. —MIT Associate Professor Jennifer Rupp, senior author. MIT and ETH have jointly filed for two patents on the multi-layer lithium garnet/lithium nitride processing.

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MIT team proposes ARC fusion reactor: affordable, robust, compact

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Advances in magnet technology have enabled researchers at MIT to propose a new design for a practical compact tokamak fusion reactor that might be realized in as little as a decade: the ARC (affordable, robust, compact) reactor. The basic reactor concept and its associated elements are based on well-tested and proven principles developed over decades of research at MIT and around the world, the team says.

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MIT researchers developing LiDAR on a chip

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Researchers at MIT’s Photonic Microsystems Group are developing a LiDAR-on-a-chip system that is smaller than a dime, has no moving parts, and could be mass produced at a very low cost to be used in self-driving cars, drones, and robots. Our work at MIT’s Photonic Microsystems Group is trying to take these large, expensive, mechanical LiDAR systems and integrate them on a microchip that can be mass produced in commercial CMOS foundries.

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MIT team finds aviation emissions’ impacts on air quality larger than on climate

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Researchers at MIT have determined that growth in aviation causes twice as much damage to air quality as to the climate. —lead researcher Dr Sebastian Eastham, from the Laboratory for Aviation and the Environment in MIT's Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

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MIT team develops new lane-change algorithm for autonomous cars

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At the IEEE 2018 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) are presenting a new lane-change algorithm that splits the difference. With the MIT researchers’ system, if the default buffer zones are leading to performance that’s far worse than a human driver’s, the system will compute new buffer zones on the fly—complete with proof of collision avoidance.

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MIT: hybrid cathodes could boost energy capacity of lithium-sulfur batteries

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Researchers at MIT and in China are proposing a new class of dense intercalation-conversion hybrid cathodes by combining intercalation-type Mo 6 S 8 with conversion-type sulfur (HMSC) to realize a Li–S full cell. The work was supported by the Samsung Advanced institute of Technology, the National Key Technologies R&D Program of China, the National Science Foundation of China, and MIT’s Department of Materials Science and Engineering.

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