VW diesel cheating produced 1,200 premature deaths: MIT study

Green Car Reports

TDI VW health MIT air pollution Volkswagen diesel scandalIn September 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency revealed Volkswagen's use of illegal "defeat device" software in its diesel cars. The software routines allowed cars to pass emissions tests while still producing up to 35 times the legal limits of nitrogen oxides in real-world driving, setting off a scandal that is still being dealt.

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MIT team develops new lane-change algorithm for autonomous cars

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At the IEEE 2018 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) are presenting a new lane-change algorithm that splits the difference.

2018 90

Electric-car range anxiety exists, but it's overblown, says MIT study

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Study MIT plug-in cars range anxietyRange anxiety, the persistent worry about not having enough battery range to finish a journey, remains one of the major obstacles to widespread electric-car adoption. Many electric cars still have shorter ranges than comparable internal-combustion models, and that continues to spook some consumers. But could those concerns be overblown? DON'T.

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MIT researchers developing LiDAR on a chip

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Researchers at MIT’s Photonic Microsystems Group are developing a LiDAR-on-a-chip system that is smaller than a dime, has no moving parts, and could be mass produced at a very low cost to be used in self-driving cars, drones, and robots.

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MIT team proposes ARC fusion reactor: affordable, robust, compact

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Advances in magnet technology have enabled researchers at MIT to propose a new design for a practical compact tokamak fusion reactor that might be realized in as little as a decade: the ARC (affordable, robust, compact) reactor.

Hardly A Vehicle, MIT's Electric Cheetah Is Still Impressive

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Meet MIT''s battery-powered robotic cheetah. While plug-in cars remain a small niche, electric power is displacing internal combustion in a completely different type of "vehicle." The school''s Biometrics Lab built it to study and replicate the movements of animals.

2014 108

MIT, NASA, ORNL team developing “neutron microscope”

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The new concept has been outlined in a series of research papers this year, including one published this week in Nature Communications by MIT postdoc Dazhi Liu, research scientist Boris Khaykovich, professor David Moncton, and four others.

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MIT simulations suggest nanostructured topological materials could increase thermoelectric efficiency threefold

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MIT researchers have discovered a way to increase the efficiency of thermoelectric materials threefold by using “topological” materials, which have unique electronic properties. —Te-Huan Liu, a postdoc in MIT’s Department of Mechanical Engineering and lead author.

2018 96

Tsinghua, MIT, Argonne team discovers lithium titanate hydrates for superfast, stable cycling in Li-ion batteries

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MIT, Toyota team clarifies role of iodide in Li-air batteries

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Now, researchers from MIT, with a colleague from Toyota Motor Europe’s R&D group, have carried out detailed tests that seem to resolve the questions surrounding one promising material for such batteries: lithium iodide (LiI).

2017 95

MIT team engineers yeast to boost lipid production for biofuels

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MIT engineers have genetically engineered strains of the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica to boost the production of lipids by about 25% compared to previously engineered yeast strains. A paper on their work is published in the journal Nature Biotechnology ; the MIT team, led by Gregory Stephanopoulos, the Willard Henry Dow Professor of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology at MIT, is now working on additional improvements to the lipids yield.

2017 68

MIT team develops first supercapacitor made entirely from neat MOFs, without conductive additives or binders

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Researchers at MIT have shown that a MOF (metal-organic framework) with high electrical conductivity—Ni 3 (2,3,6,7,10,11-hexaiminotriphenylene) 2 (Ni 3 (HITP) 2 )—can serve as the sole electrode material in a supercapacitor.

2016 109

Lamborghini presents electric super sports car design concept, developed in collaboration with MIT labs

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Automobili Lamborghini, a member of the Volkswagen Group, unveiled its new design concept for a future Lamborghini electric super sports car: the “Lamborghini of the Terzo Millennio”, developed in collaboration with two MIT laboratories. Two MIT labs—the Dinca Research Lab, led by Prof.

2017 78

MIT researchers pursuing increasing human-vehicle collaboration

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Researchers at MIT are developing systems that could allow humans, robots and other autonomous vehicles to collaborate on everything from navigation to trip planning, and eventually pave the way for the operation of personal aircraft and driverless cars.

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Audi and MIT develop Road Frustration Index

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Driving in chaotic urban traffic can be as nearly as stressful as jumping out of an airplane, according to new findings from an Audi and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) study. To better understand the impact road frustrations have on motorists today, Audi joined forces with the MIT SENSEable City Laboratory to explore a wide range of measurements aimed at quantifying driver stress on the road today. —Kael Greco, project leader, MIT SENSEable City Laboratory.

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MIT, Novogy team engineers microbes for competitive advantage in industrial fermentation; the ROBUST strategy

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Researchers at MIT and startup Novogy have engineered bacteria and yeast ( Escherichia coli , Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Yarrowia lipolytica ) used as producer microbes in biofuel production to use rare compounds as sources of nutrients.

2016 104

MIT-led study suggests route to improving solid-state Li-ion batteries

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Researchers at MIT, and their colleagues in Germany, suggest that smooth surfaces on a solid electrolyte may prevent harmful Li infiltration, thereby improving the performance of solid-state Li-ion batteries. Craig Carter, the POSCO Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at MIT.

2017 78

MIT-led team devises new approach to designing solid ion conductors; implications for high-energy solid-state batteries

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The new concept was developed by a team led by MIT W.M.

2018 85

Stanford, CMU, MIT team reviews challenges to practical implementation of solid-state Li-ion batteries

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A team from Stanford, Carnegie Mellon University, and MIT recently published an open-access paper in the Journal of the Electrochemical Society reviewing the practical challenges hindering the development of solid-state Li-ion batteries.

2017 85

MIT, GE, Audi launch HubCab Project in New York City

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MIT, in partnership with Audi and GE, has launched HubCab —a transportation tracking tool aimed at reducing commuting congestion, decreasing vehicle emissions and lowering the cost of mobility infrastructure. MIT researchers say HubCab technology could not only save people money and time, but allow users to better plan their taxi rides around the city, potentially reducing the number of trips by 40%.

MIT researchers develop oxygen permeable membrane that converts CO2 to CO

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MIT researchers have developed a new system that could potentially be used for converting power plant emissions of carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide, and thence into useful fuels for cars, trucks, and planes, as well as into chemical feedstocks for a wide variety of products. The new membrane-based system for CO 2 thermochemical reduction was developed by MIT postdoc Xiao-Yu Wu and Ahmed Ghoniem, the Ronald C.

2017 69

MIT systems analysis identifies optimal vehicle platooning strategies

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MIT engineers have studied a simple vehicle-platooning scenario and determined the best ways to deploy vehicles in order to save fuel and minimize delays. Their analysis, presented this week at the International Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics ( WAFR 2016 ), shows that relatively simple, straightforward schedules may be the optimal approach for saving fuel and minimizing delays for autonomous vehicle fleets.

2016 64

MIT offers report on electrification of transport

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A report on the proceedings of the symposium on The Electrification of the Transportation System: Issues and Opportunities has been released by the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI). Electric cars Green cars Latest news electrification mit MIT Energy Initiative transport industryBoth John Deutch and Ernest Motiz offered a summary reflecting their own observations on electrification. - Why it is important: They outlined that electrification is important because petrol [.].

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MIT develops safe co-pilot for drivers

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Well now you can picture something similar in regular passenger cars, thanks to a development from researchers at MIT. Green cars Latest news car safety green cars mit safetyRemember when you were taking your driving lessons and the instructor had dual controls just in case something went wrong? They have come up with a semi-autonomous safety system for vehicles (pictured) that allows a driver [.].

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MIT and Saudi Aramco augment existing collaboration; more energy research

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MIT President Susan Hockfield and Saudi Aramco President and CEO Khalid A. Al-Falih signed a Memorandum of Understanding in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, providing a framework that will greatly expand the research and education partnership between MIT and Saudi Aramco. Saudi Aramco has agreed to become a Founding Member of the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI), raising its participation from its current Sustaining Membership.

MIT, Lockheed Martin launch long-term research collaboration on autonomy and robotics

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In a new collaborative initiative in autonomy and robotics, MIT and Lockheed Martin scientists will focus on innovations needed to enable generation-after-next autonomous systems. Improvements in human/machine teaming and navigation in complex environments are among the research challenges that Lockheed Martin is inviting MIT faculty and their students to help solve.

2016 60

MIT Energy Initiative report on transforming the US transportation system by 2050 to address climate challenges

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On the Road toward 2050” is a synthesis of research conducted in the Sloan Automotive Laboratory at MIT over the past five years, primarily under the direction of Heywood, with support from the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI) as well as MITEI Founding Member Eni S.p.A.

2016 85

Volkswagen, BASF present “Science Award Electrochemistry” to Dr. Jennifer Rupp from MIT; solid-state batteries

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The BASF and Volkswagen international “ Science Award Electrochemistry 2017” ( earlier post ) this year goes to Dr. Jennifer Rupp at MIT. Rupp is Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge (USA) and affiliated to ETH Zurich (Switzerland). The jury of representatives from BASF, Volkswagen and academia selected her for her outstanding research results in the area of next-generation energy storage systems.

2017 60

Ford kicks off new automated driving research projects with MIT and Stanford University

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The MIT research focuses on scenario planning to predict actions of other vehicles and pedestrians, while Stanford is exploring how a vehicle might maneuver to allow its sensors to peek around obstructions. That’s the essence of the research [with MIT], which is to figure out what’s possible.

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Daimler joining MIT CSAIL Alliance Program for AI work; cognitive vehicles

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Daimler is becoming a new member of the MIT CSAIL Alliance Program. MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory ( CSAIL ) is the largest research laboratory at MIT and one of the world’s most important centers of information technology research. The new cooperation with the MIT ideally complements this.

2016 78

Autoliv and MIT AgeLab to collaborate in the research of autonomous vehicle systems

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—Bryan Reimer, MIT. Autoliv, Inc. is entering into a two-year research collaboration with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology AgeLab to develop a semi-autonomous vehicle prototype that demonstrates the future of human-centered artificial intelligence in the automotive space. Learnings from the research collaboration will likely be used in the development of software from Zenuity, the software joint venture of Autoliv and Volvo Cars.

2017 60

MIT team discovers two mechanisms at work in Li dendrite formation

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Researchers at MIT have carried out the most detailed analysis yet of lithium dendrite formation from lithium anodes in batteries and have found that there are two entirely different mechanisms at work. The work was supported by Robert Bosch LLC through the MIT Energy Initiative.

2016 85

MIT-Led Team Designs Two Airplanes That Would Use 70% Less Fuel Than Current Models

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An MIT-led team has designed an airplane that is estimated to use 70% less fuel than current planes while also reducing noise and emission of NO x. Images: MIT/Aurora Flight Sciences. MIT team members include Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation and Pratt & Whitney.

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MIT and Moscow State collaborating on advanced batteries, metal-air batteries and reversible fuel/electrolysis cells

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Researchers at the Skoltech Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage (CEES), a partnership between the MIT Materials Processing Center and Lomonosov Moscow State University, are focusing on the development of higher capacity batteries. The work on advanced lithium ion and multivalent ion batteries is led by Yet-Ming Chiang, the Kyocera Professor Department of Materials Science and Engineering at MIT, and Evgeny Antipov, professor and electrochemistry chair at Moscow State.

2015 85

MIT and Harvard team develop material that stores sun’s heat

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Researchers from MIT and Harvard University have developed a material that can absorb the sun’s heat and store that energy in chemical form, ready to be released again on demand. In essence, it makes the sun’s energy, in the form of heat, storable and distributable, siad Jeffrey Grossman, the Carl Richard Soderberg Associate Professor of Power Engineering at MIT, and co-author. The work was supported by BP though the MIT Energy Initiative and the US.

2014 100

MIT/UC Davis professors challenge claims that ethanol production decreased gasoline prices in 2010 and 2011

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Two professors from MIT and UC Davis have released a paper challenging the recent claims by the Renewable Fuel Association (RFA) and US Secretary of Agriculture Vilsack that ethanol production decreased gasoline prices by $0.89 Christopher Knittel at MIT and Assoc.

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MIT team proposes process to recycle lead-acid batteries to fabricate solar cells

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Researchers at MIT have devised an environmentally-responsible process to recycle materials from discarded automotive lead-acid batteries to fabricate efficient organolead halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs)—a promising new large-scale and cost-competitive photovoltaic technology.

LLNL/MIT team creates ultralight, ultrastiff metamaterials; possible applications for automotive and aerospace

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Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have developed materials with the same weight and density as aerogel (“frozen smoke”) but with 10,000 times more stiffness using additive micro-manufacturing processes.

2014 111

MIT team finds chemical functionalization can lead to efficient graphene-based thermoelectric materials

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The MIT team investigated the thermoelectric properties of patterned graphene nanoroads functionalized with H and C5 chains using both classical and quantum mechanical calculations.

2015 96

MIT study: higher octane standard fuel in US could lower fleet fuel consumption & GHG an extra 4.5-6% by 2040

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without higher octane fuel, but with other projected vehicle and powertrain technology improvements), according to a new analysis by a team at MIT. However, notes the MIT team, the engine and measurement conditions of the RON and MON tests do not represent real world operating conditions.

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Angela Belcher wins $500,000 2013 Lemelson-MIT Prize

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MIT professor Angela Belcher has been named the recipient of this year’s $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize, which honors an outstanding inventor dedicated to improving the world through technological invention. Belcher, who heads up the Biomolecular Materials Group at MIT, combines organic and inorganic materials to create novel electronic materials for a variety of applications, such as solar cells, fuel, environmentally friendly batteries and medical diagnostics.

2013 68

MIT study cautions smaller nations on rushing to develop their natural gas resources; Cyprus as model

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Based on the interim results of a new study, MIT researchers are warning smaller nations to proceed with caution in pursuing the development of their natural gas resources. —Sergey Paltsev, an author of the study and a principal research scientist at the MIT Energy Initiative.

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MIT/CalTrans study finds pavement-vehicle interaction accounts for 1% of overall fuel consumption on California highways

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A recent collaboration between the MIT’s Concrete Sustainability Hub (CSHub) and the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) showed that phenomena associated with deflection-induced pavement-vehicle interaction (PVI) accounts for 1% of overall fuel consumption on California highways.

2016 109