Volkswagen launches new research collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory & University of Tennessee, Knoxville

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Volkswagen Group of America’s Innovation Hub Knoxville, the company’s technology unit for applied materials science, has expanded its research collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UT).

Researchers provide insight into OER electrocatalyst

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Researchers from Oregon State University College of Engineering, with colleagues from Cornell University and the Argonne National Laboratory, have used advanced experimental tools to provide a clearer understanding of an electrochemical catalytic process that’s cleaner and more sustainable than deriving hydrogen from natural gas. student at OSU and now a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Zurich in Switzerland.

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Insight into benzene formation could help development of cleaner combustion engines

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The researchers say that their findings, recently published in an open-access paper in the journal Science Advances , are key to understanding how the universe evolved with the growth of carbon compounds. That insight could also help the car industry make cleaner combustion engines.

Argonne-led study insights help to reduce degradation in fuel cells and extend lifetime

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The research team, which included DOE’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and several university partners, used a novel approach to examine dissolution processes of platinum at the atomic and molecular level.

2020 232

University of Münster team reviews battery cost forecasts, provides consolidated view

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A team at the University of Münster has reviewed 53 studies that provide time- or technology-specific cost estimates for lithium-ion, solid-state, lithium–sulfur and lithium–air batteries among more than 2,000 publications related to the topic.

SLAC, MIT, TRI researchers advance machine learning to accelerate battery development; insights on fast-charging

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It was the first time this approach—known as “scientific machine learning”—has been applied to battery cycling, said Will Chueh, an associate professor at Stanford University and investigator with the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory who led the study. Scientists have made a major advance in harnessing machine learning to accelerate the design for better batteries.

New public analytical model from Rice University helps fine-tune battery performance

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A simpler and more efficient way to predict performance will lead to better batteries, according to Rice University engineers. The method is 100,000 times faster than current modeling techniques.

2020 241

Insights from Leoben researchers lead to improved piezo injectors

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In a project funded by the Austrian Science Fund FWF, a group of researchers from the Materials Center Leoben (MCL) in Austria has now gained insight into the mechanics of this technology—which can make the systems more reliable and efficient. For his project, Deluca cooperated with the North Carolina State University, which has access to a particle accelerator (Advanced Photon Source) where the measurements were conducted.

2017 150

Berkeley Lab nanoscale imaging study yields key insights into photo-electrochemical water splitting

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This technique correlates the material’s morphology to its functionality, and gives insights on the charge transport mechanism, or how the charges move inside the material, at the nanoscale. Other co-authors of the study were Christoph Kastl, Jason Cooper, Adam Schwartzberg, and Ian Sharp (now at the Technical University of Munich) of Berkeley Lab; and Dominik Ziegler of Scuba Probe Technologies, a startup company and Molecular Foundry user.

2018 207

Study provides insight into key process in lithium-rich cathodes that both helps and hurts battery performance; oxygen oxidation

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A new study led by researchers from Stanford University and the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has provided insight into a phenomenon that both helps and hurts Li-ion battery performance. —study lead William Gent, a Stanford University Siebel Scholar and winner of an Advanced Light Source and Molecular Foundry Doctoral Fellowship at Berkeley Lab.

2019 207

Study provides more insight into air pollution mechanisms that cause cardiovascular diseases

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Scientists around Professor Thomas Münzel, Director of Cardiology I at the Department of Cardiology at the Medical Center Mainz of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), reviewed the mechanisms responsible for vascular damage from air pollution together with scientists from the UK and the US. Air pollution, and fine dust in particular, is calculated to contribute to more than four million deaths each year. Almost 60% of deaths occur as a result of cardiovascular diseases.

2018 194

BNL/Stony Brook study provides insight into optimized electrode architectures

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Researchers from the US Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University have combined in situ EDXRD with ex situ XRD and XAS measurements to visualize the formation of the conductive silver matrix within an Ag 2 VP 2 O 8 electrode used in a specialized medical battery. Armed with this insight into battery cathode discharge processes, we can target new materials designed to address critical battery issues associated with power and efficiency.

2015 170

USTMA, The Ray & University of Missouri partner to assess knowledge on environmental impact, benefits of rubber-modified asphalt

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Rubber-modified asphalt has been found to be quieter and create better grip and less spray for drivers in wet weather, according to a study by the University of Arizona, and produce half the amount of tire and road wear particles as traditional pavement. The research will be guided by a technical advisory panel of regulators, researchers and scientists to provide support, insights and feedback.

2020 161

High-speed imaging study provides insights into diesel fuel spray behavior

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Researchers at the University of Michigan have used high-speed imaging of diesel injection spray to provide insights into transient fuel spray behavior and to guide the development of the next generation of spray theory and models. These data provide valuable new insights into transient fuel spray behavior and will guide the development of the next generation of spray theory and models.

2013 224

Researchers gain fundamental insight into FCC catalyst aging; implications for improving catalyst and reactor design

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Now, researchers from Albemarle Corporation, Utrecht University and Stanford University have developed a new method for observing fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalyst behavior at the nanoscale. We expect that these new insights about catalyst aging could significantly influence future FCC catalyst and even reactor design, for example, by designing catalyst particles with an outer surface layer that is lean in zeolite material and rich in huge macropores.

2015 179

Researchers gain fundamental insight into key reaction for Li-air batteries

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A new study from Delft University and the University of Waterloo finds a different OER mechanism for electrochemically-generated Li 2 O 2 than for commercial Li 2 O 2. A team from Delft University in The Netherlands and the University of Waterloo in Canada has used operando X-ray diffraction to show that oxidation of electrochemically-generated Li 2 O 2 in high energy density Li-air batteries occurs in two stages, but in only one step for commercial (crystalline) Li 2 O 2.

2014 204

Satellite method provides insight into ozone-NOx-VOCs sensitivity for different locations

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With a combination of computer models and space-based observations, Xiaomeng Jin at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University and her colleagues used the concentrations of ozone’s precursor molecules to infer whether ozone production increases more in the presence of nix, VOCs, or a mix of the two, for a given location. Ozone pollution near Earth’s surface is one of the main ingredients of summertime smog.

2017 150

Researchers use in situ NMR spectroscopy to provide insight into silicon expansion in Li-ion batteries

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Now, researchers at the University of Cambridge report developing a new in situ method to probe batteries with silicon electrode and determining what causes the expansion to take place. Artist: Rees Rankin (CNM) Researchers: Maria Chan (CNM), Chris Wolverton (Northwestern University), Jeff Greeley (CNM) Click to enlarge. The insights opened up by the technology will boost further developments of silicon batteries, as it will be easier for engineers to control their properties.

2014 179

Columbia University engineers make breakthrough in understanding electroreduction of CO2 for conversion to electrofuels

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Researchers at Columbia University have solved the first piece of the puzzle; they have proved that CO 2 electroreduction begins with one common intermediate, not two as was commonly thought. In addition, our insight into CO 2 activation at the solid-water interface will enable researchers to better model the prebiotic scenarios from CO 2 to complex organic molecules that may have led to the origin of life on our planet.

2018 179

Study offers new insights into solidification cracking during welding of steel

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New research led by the University of Leicester in the UK has made a novel breakthrough in understanding how solidification cracking occurs during the welding of steel, an important engineering alloy. —Professor Hong Dong from the University of Leicester Department of Engineering.

2017 150

Penn State insights into how cellulose is built could indicate how to break it apart for biofuels

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In addition to Gu, the research team also includes Xiaoyu Zhu, Shundai Li, and Xiaoran Xin at Penn State and Songqin Pan at the University of California, Riverside. Cellulose—the primary building block of the walls of most plant cells—is synthesized at the plasma membrane by cellulose synthase complexes (CSCs). The ability to deliver CSCs to discrete sites at the cell surface is critical for cellulose synthesis.

2018 163

UT, Oak Ridge scientists gain new insights into atomic disordering of complex metal oxides; materials for energy applications

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A team from the University of Tennessee, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Michigan and Forschungszentrum Jülich Institute of Energy and Climate Research has used neutron total scattering to gain new insights into atomic disordering of complex metal oxides. He said the new insight into disorder is fundamental to controlling oxygen mobility and phonon transport in complex oxides, a critical aspect for technological applications.

2016 150

ORNL team gains insight into elastic properties of next-gen energy storage material MXene; understanding how ions flow

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Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with a colleague from Drexel University, have combined advanced in-situ microscopy and theoretical calculations to uncover important clues to the elastic properties of an MXene material—a promising next-generation energy storage material for supercapacitors and batteries—( earlier post ), specifically a 2D titanium carbide (Ti 3 C 2 T x ).

2016 174

Schaeffler and Southwest Jiaotong University collaborate on research on future rail vehicles

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Schaeffler signed a cooperation agreement with Chinese Southwest Jiaotong University (SWJTU) to establish a joint research laboratory. The joint research project between Schaeffler and Southwest Jiaotong University (SWJTU) was sealed as part of the celebrations marking the 120th anniversary of the founding of the university. Dr. Michael Holzapfel introduced Schaeffler’s comprehensive solutions for rail transport and offered insights into future innovations.

2016 150

New UK-wide map of air pollution; insights into nitrogen dioxide levels across the country and within towns and cities

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EarthSense Systems—a joint venture between the University of Leicester and aerial mapping company BlueSky—has published MappAir, the first high resolution nationwide map of air pollution. Combining data from satellites and its own air quality monitoring sensors together with open source data, EarthSense used complex modeling techniques to create the highly accurate map.

2017 150

Nissan team gains insight into atomic structure of SiO using new methodology; potential benefit for Li-ion battery capacity

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a Nissan subsidiary, Tohoku University, the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), the Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), and Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST). Using a new methodology, researchers in Japan—including colleagues from Nissan subsidiary Nissan Arc Ltd., a materials analysis and research center—have developed a heterostructure model of the atomic structure of silicon monoxide (SiO).

2016 163

Aberystwyth University and Ceres complete full genetic map of Miscanthus

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Researchers from Aberystwyth University in Wales and US-based energy crop company Ceres, Inc. Iain Donnison, PhD, head of the bioenergy team at IBERS, notes that, in addition to its use in developing new products, the mapping project has provided greater insight into how the Miscanthus genome compares to other well-understood crop plants. have collaborated to complete the first high-resolution, comprehensive genetic map of Miscanthus, a promising energy crop.

2012 179

PNNL study uncovers role of water in forming impurity in bio-oil upgrading; insight into fundamentals of biofuel catalysis

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PNNL colleagues at the Bioproducts, Sciences & Engineering Laboratory, a facility located on the Washington State University Tri-Cities campus where PNNL and WSU researchers collaborate, will use this work to guide development of pyrolysis oil transformation into biofuels.

2014 185

Researchers use LCLS to get real-time view of chemical reaction; important insight into how catalysts work

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Collaborators participating in the research were from SLAC; Stanford University; University of Hamburg, Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for Materials and Energy, University of Potsdam and Fritz-Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society in Germany; Stockholm University in Sweden; and the Technical University of Denmark.

2013 196

Sasol and University of Pretoria Collaborating on Synthetic Fuel Research

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A research collaboration between South Africa-based Sasol and the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the University of Pretoria (UP) has led to the commissioning of high-tech equipment to gain better insights into the properties and performance of synthetic diesel fuels. This program was initiated a few years ago and is already successfully established, using the framework of a hub-and-spoke collaboration philosophy, at several SA Universities.

2010 161

Stanford, SLAC team uses cryo-EM for close-ups of Li dendrites down to the individual atom; new insights into battery failure

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Scientists from Stanford University and the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have captured the first atomic-level images of dendrites that can pierce the barrier between battery compartments and trigger short circuits or fires. Yuzhang Li/Stanford University).

2017 150

GM and University of Michigan Developing Method for Direct In-Situ Measurement of Li+ Transport Rates in a Li-ion Cell; Insights into Cell Degradation

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Researchers from General Motors R&D Center and the University of Michigan are developing a method for the direct in situ measurement of lithium ion (Li + ) transport rates in a functioning Li-ion cell. The measurement method is based on the differences in color of electrode material after intercalation of different amounts of lithium. Shown is an example of graphite from Maire (2008). Click to enlarge.

2009 150

U. Mich, Ford team studies effect of ethanol in reducing PM from DISI engines; insights into fueling strategies to reduce soot

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A team from the University of Michigan and Ford’s Research and Advanced Engineering group in Dearborn has studied the effects of ethanol on reducing particulate emissions from a direct injection spark ignition (DISI) engine by comparing neat anhydrous ethanol with a baseline fuel of reference grade gasoline (indolene). Their results, they said, can provide insight into fueling strategies to reduce soot emissions in DISI engines.

2015 185

Identification of small molecule surrogate for cellulose provides insight into fundamental chemistry of pyrolysis; optimization of next-generation biorefineries

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A team of chemical engineers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has identified a small molecule surrogate for cellulose—?-cyclodextrin—in Experimental insight is hindered by a number of technical difficulties including: the substantial functionality (oxygen-rich) of biomass starting materials, intermediates and products; the temperature sensitivity of many products; the short lifetime (less than 0.1

2012 185

Volkswagen & BASF “Science Award Electrochemistry” to Dr. William Chueh from Stanford; special prize to Dr. Martin Ebner from ETH University Zurich

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The Volkswagen and BASF international “Science Award Electrochemistry 2016” goes to Dr. William Chueh from Stanford University. His insights are paving the way for further improving lithium-ion batteries and significantly enhancing their performance. Dr. Martin Ebner received his PhD in Material Science at the ETH University Zurich.

2016 200

DOE Selects Seven Projects for University Coal Research Program

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The US Department of Energy has selected 7 projects to participate in the University Coal Research (UCR) program. University of California, Merced, Calif. Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. University of Missouri, Kansas City, Mo. Clemson University, Clemson, S.C. West Virginia University, Morgantown, W.Va. West Virginia University will collaborate with NexTech Materials, Ltd., University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa.

2010 185

MIT team provides new insight into the performance of lithium iron phosphate cathodes; potentially important for new cathode materials

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Bazant and postdoc Daniel Cogswell has provided new insights into the performance and behavior of this important Li-ion battery cathode material. Troy Farrell, an associate professor of mathematics at Queensland University of Technology in Australia, who was not involved in this work, called the findings of great significance for those doing research on lithium batteries.

2012 196

Spikemoss genome offers new paths for biofuels research; insight into lignin

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Selaginella moellendorffii (Jing-Ke Weng, Salk University). The newly completed sequence can provide biofuels researchers with information that could influence the development of candidate biofuel feedstock plants and offer botanists important insights into plant evolution. Click to enlarge.

2011 161

New research chair at University of Saskatchewan to help reclaim oil sands land

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University of Saskatchewan geoscientist Lee Barbour has been awarded a $2.6-million industrial research chair backed by the Canadian federal Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) and Syncrude to provide critical insights into the performance of reclaimed mining areas. In addition, Syncrude and the university will contribute more than $1 million through in-kind support.

Nankai University team shows “MXenes” promising anode materials for Li-ion batteries

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A team from Nankai University (Tianjin, China) has shown that “MXenes”—exfoliated 2D carbide and carbonitride nanosheets that are structurally similar to graphene, where M represents transition metals, and X is either C or/and N—are promising anode materials for Li-ion batteries. Our results give insightful prospects for experimental peers in exploring the potentials of Ti 3 C 2 as electronic and energy storage materials.

2012 196

Study of lead isotopes provides insight into aerosols transport from Asia to US

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Transport models are uncertain ,” says Stephanie Ewing, lead author of the paper and an assistant professor of pedology and soil biogeochemistry at Montana State University. In a first-of-its-kind study, scientists from the US Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the California Air Resources Board tracked variations in the amount of lead transported across the Pacific over time.

2010 179

IBM and University of Guadalajara create Smarter Cities Exploration Center; transportation pilot seeks to reduce commuting time in city by 15%

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IBM and the University of Guadalajara (UdeG) in Mexico have created a Smarter Cities Exploration Center. Joint work between IBM and the University of Guadalajara will focus on research aimed at identifying ways to apply advances in technology to the high degrees of instrumentation and massive data volumes that comprise the core systems of a city such as transportation, healthcare, education, public safety, energy and water.

2011 268

In situ observation of the charging of a Li-ion anode provides insights that can lead to design of better advanced batteries

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Researchers from Sandia National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Pennsylvania have created a nanoscale electrochemical device inside a transmission electron microscope consisting of a single tin dioxide (SnO 2 ) nanowire anode, an ionic liquid electrolyte, and a bulk lithium cobalt dioxide (LiCoO 2 ) cathode and then observed in situ the lithiation of the SnO 2 nanowire during electrochemical charging.

2010 185