HEI study links fossil fuel combustion with more than 1 million deaths globally

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Fossil fuel combustion, a major source of air pollution, contributed to more than one million deaths globally in 2017, more than 27% of all deaths from outdoor fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ), according to a new report published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI).

Global 380

Baker Institute team says fossil fuel subsidies need global reform

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Fossil fuels still receive most of the international government support provided to the energy sector despite their “well-known environmental and public health damage,” according to new research from Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy.

2020 329
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Global study shows uneven urbanization among large cities in the last two decades

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According to the latest report from the United Nations (UN), the global population in 2018 was 7.6 By 2050, the global population is expected to soar to 9.7 Credit: The University of Hong Kong. The world has experienced significant urbanization in recent decades.

Global 354

UN: global e-waste surging; up 21% in 5 years

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million metric tonnes (Mt) of electronic waste was generated worldwide in 2019, up 21% in just five years, according to the UN’s Global E-waste Monitor 2020. Other key findings from the Global E-waste Monitor 2020: Proper e-waste management can help mitigate global warming.

2020 238

Bath University and SAIC Motor team up to investigate gasoline particulate filter performance

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The University of Bath and SAIC Motor UK Technical Centre are collaborating on a project to identify the most efficient conditions for the optimum performance of gasoline particulate filters (GPFs), to help minimize vehicle impact on the environment. The ‘GPF Burn rate and Low Temperature Reactivity’ project will last 14 months and utilize the University’s state of the art Chassis Dynamometer in its Centre for Low Emission Vehicle Research (CLEVeR).

2018 207

World Environment Center awarding 30th Anniversary Gold Medal Award for sustainable development to Volkswagen Group

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The World Environment Center ( WEC ) will award its 30 th Annual Gold Medal for International Corporate Achievement in Sustainable Development to the Volkswagen Group. Volkswagen’s Gold Medal submission was evaluated through a global competition with companies in multiple business sectors by WEC’s independent Gold Medal Jury chaired by Dr. Joel Abrams, Professor Emeritus at the University of Pittsburgh.

2013 224

GLBRC research review concludes cellulosic biofuels can benefit the environment if managed correctly

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We organize our conclusions to articulate seven emerging principles that are relevant globally to the sustainability of cellulosic biofuel crop production. Cellulosic biofuels could provide an environmentally sustainable way of meeting energy needs—but with a few important caveats, according to a new review of research by a team from the US Department of Energy-funded Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC). Their paper is published in the journal Science.

2017 150

Study finds wind concentrates pollutants with unexpected order in an urban environment

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A new study has found that pollutant particles carried by these flows prefer to accumulate in specific regions of the urban environment and even form coherent structures, rather than scattering randomly. The paper by researchers from Arizona State University and Notre Dame is published in the American Institute of Physics (AIP) journal Physics of Fluids. It was not known if such structures were robust enough to manifest in the environment.

2012 204

Peking University team develops method for modeling historical global black carbon emissions from motor vehicles with reduced uncertainty

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Geographical distributions of global BC emissions from motor vehicles in 1976 (A) and 2006 (B). Researchers at Peking University have developed a new methodology to model black carbon (BC) emissions from diesel and gasoline motor vehicles. In addition to a reduction in uncertainty, their new model can be used to develop a global on-road vehicle BC emission inventory with spatial and temporal resolution, the researchers suggest.

2012 195

Zhejiang University team investigates emissions from methanol-gasoline blends

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Globally, the use of methanol as an alternative fuel has attracted interest because of its low production cost, renewable capacity, and good combustion-related properties (higher thermal efficiency, higher engine power, and lower regulated emissions). A team at Zhejiang University has now investigated the impact of methanol–gasoline blends on the pollutant emissions of port-fuel injected spark ignition (SI) engines.

2016 163

New model projects total amount of global urban land could increase by up to a factor of 6 by 2100

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A team from the University of Delaware and the University of Denver has created a new global simulation model to predict how urban land will change over the next 100 years under different social and economic conditions. times the global total urban area of about 0.6

2020 230

Bluesky and University of Leicester form joint venture for air quality monitoring

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Aerial mapping company Bluesky and the University of Leicester are forming a new joint venture—EarthSense Systems—focused on air quality monitoring. The current global air quality monitoring market is predicted to grow by almost ten per cent, rising to £4.2 This new Institute brings together all the research work within the University associated with Space (including astronomy and planetary science) and Earth Observation.

2016 174

Hyundai Motor to establish Hyundai Mobility Global Innovation Center in Singapore

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Hyundai Motor Company will establish a Hyundai Mobility Global Innovation Center in Singapore (HMGICs) to accelerate its innovation efforts, with support from the Singapore Economic Development Board (EDB). HMGICs will become Hyundai’s global open innovation hub. The lab, through open innovation on multiple fronts, will explore and prove new future mobility business concepts for eventual expansion into global markets.

2020 228

Applanix and University of Waterloo collaborate on advanced guidance and control technologies for autonomous vehicles

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Applanix, a Trimble Company, is collaborating on advanced research for autonomous vehicle guidance and control systems with the University of Waterloo Center for Automotive Research (WatCAR). This testing will take place in challenging weather conditions and environments including on roads under repair, with lane reductions and closures, are wet or covered in snow, and where there is poor visibility.

2017 163

Study links PM2.5 pollution with millions of preterm births globally

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A new study, led by a team from The Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) at the University of York, has found that in 2010, about 2.7 Environment International. The study revealed that while many other health impacts of air pollution have been documented—most notably through the Global Burden of Disease studies—the focus has been mainly on premature deaths from heart disease and respiratory problems.

2017 238

Nissan Joint Research Center for Intelligent Mobility at Tsinghua University opens in Beijing

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This week marked the opening of the Tsinghua University (Department of Automotive Engineering) - Nissan Joint Research Center for Intelligent Mobility (the Joint Research Center), a collaboration between Nissan and Tsinghua University in Beijing to work on research and development of electric vehicle and autonomous drive technologies for the Chinese market. Nissan and Tsinghua University have a long history of cooperation.

2016 150

Johnson Controls and Lawrence Technological University partner on advanced automotive batteries

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Johnson Controls is partnering with Lawrence Technological University (LTU) to test and to develop advanced battery systems in vehicles aimed at helping automakers meet increasing fuel economy and emissions standards. Johnson Controls, a global multi-industrial company, will use the lab to test its recently announced 12-volt Lithium-ion battery in its prototype Advanced Start-Stop vehicle.

2015 190

DOE Joint Genome Institute approves 41 projects for 2012 Community Sequencing Program; climate, environment and bioenergy feedstocks

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One of single largest projects comes from Jeff Dangl at the University of North Carolina and his colleagues and focuses on the rhizosphere—the narrow region where microbes in the soil colonize and interact with plant roots. Samuel Hazen at the University of Massachusetts will lead a team to create a library of grass transcription factors for the energy crop model system Brachypodium distachyon. Microbial metagenomics and transcriptomics from a global deep-ocean expedition.

2011 209

Audi and Johannes Kepler University of Linz to establish center for artificial intelligence; autonomous driving

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Audi and the Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU) are establishing the “Audi.JKU deep learning center” in Linz to conduct joint research into the intelligent car of the future. Research will be conducted into how cars driving in piloted mode in complex traffic situations can be exactly aware of and interpret their environment. We have been developing our global network in the field of artificial intelligence for many years, and are delighted that we have been able to gain Prof.

2017 150

ITF launches global initiative to decarbonize transport

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The International Transport Forum (ITF) at the OECD has launched a major global initiative towards carbon-free transport. Transport activity currently contributes 23% of global CO2 emissions from fossil fuels, with the share expected to rise. The COP 21 Paris Agreement created a political pathway for global CO 2 mitigation efforts. The long-term objective of the project is to define a commonly-acceptable pathway to achieve zero transport emissions by around 2050.

2016 150

Ford expanding global electrified vehicle battery R&D

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Ford is expanding its electrified vehicles research and development program in Europe and Asia this year, creating a “hub-and-spoke” system that allows the global team to further accelerate battery technology and take advantage of market-specific opportunities. Through this network, the EPE team will take advantage of globally connected technologies to develop lighter and more durable EV batteries.

2015 150

TOAR shows present-day global ozone distribution and trends relevant to health; public database

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These are some of the findings of a new health assessment based on the Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR), an effort by the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project to create the world’s most comprehensive database of surface ozone observations from all available ozone monitoring stations around the globe. Source: University of Leicester. Source: University of Leicester. Fleming, National Centre for Atmospheric Science at University of Leicester.

2018 220

Ford kicks off new automated driving research projects with MIT and Stanford University

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Building on the capabilities of the automated Ford Fusion Hybrid research vehicle unveiled last month ( earlier post ), Ford is working with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Stanford University to research and to develop solutions to some of the technical challenges surrounding automated driving. Ford is heavily involved in vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) cooperative communication initiatives globally (e.g.,

2014 221

Honda joins vehicle-to-grid technology demonstration project in partnership with University of Delaware and NRG Energy

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The Honda technology builds off of the research conducted by the University of Delaware and now supported by NRG Energy, Inc. Honda is supplying an Accord Plug-In Hybrid with added V2G capabilities to the University’s Science, Technology and Advanced Research (STAR) Campus jointly to investigate the potential of this technology to benefit the electrical grid, vehicle owners and society.

2013 253

Study suggests global impact of obesity may be extra ~700MT/y CO2eq: about 1.6% of worldwide GHG emissions

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A new analysis led by a team from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, estimates that on a global scale, obesity contributes to extra GHG emissions of ~49 megatons per year of CO 2 equivalent (CO 2eq ) from oxidative metabolism due to greater metabolic demands; ~361 megatons per year of CO 2 eq from food production processes due to increased food intake; and ~290 megatons per year of CO 2 eq from automobile and air transportation due to greater body weight.

2019 190

Study projects global carbon footprint from ICT will be equivalent to half of transportation’s current level by 2040

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in 2007 to exceed 14% of the 2016-level worldwide GHGE by 2040, accounting for more than half of the current relative contribution of the whole transportation sector, according to a new study from McMaster University in Canada. Among all the devices, trends suggest that by 2020, the most damaging devices to the environment will be smartphones. annual growth which, if unchecked through 2040, will bring ICT total footprint to amount to about 14% of the total global footprint.

2018 275

Study finds megacity traffic soot can reach high altitudes and be transported over long distances, contributing to global warming

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Soot from road traffic in emerging countries can reach high altitudes, where it can be transported over long distances and thus contributes to global warming, according to the findings of a study performed by an international team of researchers in the Bolivian cities of La Paz (the seat of government), El Alto and the neighboring Chacaltaya mountain observatory. An open-access paper on the work is published in the journal Atmospheric Environment. Environ. ,

2018 214

DLR team develops demonstrator of free-piston linear generator as range extender for EVs; technology transfer to Universal Motor Corp.

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As one example, GM Global Technology Operations LLC and the Regents of the University of Michigan recently were recently awarded a US patent (Nº 8,261,860) for a plug-in series hybrid or range-extended electric vehicle powertrain using multiple free piston linear alternator (FPLA) engines. As another, researcher at the Nanjing University of Science & Technology has proposed a novel opposed-piston free-piston linear generator for use in series hybrid electric vehicles.

2013 240

U-M and Shanghai Jiao Tong University fund 6 energy and biomedical projects; batteries, policy and fuels

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Six research teams from the University of Michigan (U-M) and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) have won a share of $1.16 The energy projects chosen seek to improve electric vehicle batteries, to model the impact of renewable energy policy on the economy and the environment, and to better understand the combustion biodiesel fuels. Integrated energy-economy-environment (3E) modeling for clean vehicle development in China.

2012 204

Consortium proposes large-scale industrial cultivation of marine microalgae (ICCM) as solution to global energy, food, and climate issues

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Members of the Marine Algae Industrialization Consortium (MAGIC), led by Duke University in North Carolina, have published an open-access paper in the journal Oceanography presenting the large-scale industrial cultivation of marine microalgae (ICMM) as an answer to pressing global energy, food and climate security issues. Many arid environments in the world’s subtropical coastal regions provide an ideal setting for large-scale cultivation of marine microalgae.

2016 237

U of Birmingham scientists launch project to tackle global clean cold challenge

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Scientists from the University of Birmingham launched a major research project to investigate how “clean cold” could help to achieve almost all of the United Nations’ (UN) global Sustainable Development Goals. The 17 Global Goals include abolishing poverty and hunger; providing good healthcare and education; raising peoples’ quality of life; and cleaning up the environment, while promoting economic growth.

2017 163

New type of thermally stable oilseed rape oil could have tremendous impact on global lubricant market

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A collaboration of researchers and plant breeders, led by farming company Velcourt and including biologists from the University of York, are a step closer to producing a biodegradable lubricant made from a new type of thermally-stable oilseed rape oil. The new crop could have tremendous implications for the global lubricant market—it is estimated that half of all lubricants sold world-wide end up in the environment.

2015 150

Study estimates global black carbon emissions up 72% from 1960-2007; BC emissions intensity down 52%

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A study led by a team from Peking University has estimated that global black carbon (BC) emissions increased from 5.3 Black carbon has two deleterious effects on the environment. The emissions are shown for China (red), other developing countries (blue), developed countries (green), and global total (black). From 1960 to 1988, global BC emissions from the residential sector increased by 37% from 2,226 to 3,021 gigagram (Gg).

2014 228

Lancet Commission report estimates pollution responsible for 9 million premature deaths globally in 2015; 16% of deaths

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Pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and premature death in the world today, according to the newly released report detailing the adverse effects of pollution on global health by the The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. Pollution in low-income and middle-income countries that is caused by industrial emissions, vehicular exhaust, and toxic chemicals has particularly been overlooked in both the international development and the global health agendas.

2017 174

University of Delaware Licenses V2G Technology to AutoPort; 100 V2G EVs as Test Fleet

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The University of Delaware has signed the first license for its vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology with AutoPort, Inc., If the initial test is successful, and V2G vehicles are subsequently manufactured, the University would receive a royalty for each vehicle sold with V2G equipment. Components of a V2G system. Source: PJM. Click to enlarge. a major vehicle processing and modification facility in New Castle, Del.

Study findings suggest that switching from coal to natural gas would do little for global climate

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Although the burning of natural gas emits far less carbon dioxide than coal, a new study by Tom Wigley, a senior research associate at the US National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and an adjunct professor at the University of Adelaide in Australia, concludes that a greater reliance on natural gas would fail to significantly slow down climate change. But in a high leakage rate scenario of 10% , global warming would not be reduced until 2140.

2011 272

Global billionaires unite in “Breakthrough energy coalition” to support development of zero-carbon energy

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As the UN climate conference COP21 opened in Paris, Bill Gates announced the formation of the “ Breakthrough energy coalition ”, an investment grouping of global billionaires focused on developing the technologies that will create a new zero-carbon energy mix. University of California, Office of the Chief Investment Officer, US.

2015 163

Study finds global carbon emissions reached 10 billion tonnes in 2010

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Global carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels have increased by 49% in the last two decades, according to the latest figures from the Global Carbon Project. Rebounding from the global financial crisis of 2008-09 when emissions temporarily decreased, last year’s high growth was caused by both emerging and developed economies. Raupach (2011) Rapid growth in CO 2 emissions after the 2008–2009 global financial crisis.

2011 209

Ocean Acidification May Contribute To Global Shellfish Decline

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Relatively minor increases in ocean acidity brought about by high levels of carbon dioxide have significant detrimental effects on the growth, development, and survival of hard clams, bay scallops, and Eastern oysters, according to researchers at Stony Brook University’s School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences.

2009 223

Study finds global rivers and streams emitting 3x IPCC estimates of the GHG N2O

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This new global emission estimate is startling. Human activities, including fossil fuel combustion and intensive agriculture, have increased the availability of nitrogen in the environment. —Jake Beaulieu of the University of Notre Dame and the US EPA, and lead author of the PNAS paper. The global warming potential of nitrous oxide is 300-fold greater than carbon dioxide; nitrous oxide accounts for some 6% of human-induced climate change, scientists estimate.

2010 183

Ford developing a strategy to address urban personal mobility globally; a mobility company, not just an auto company

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Ford Motor Company is mapping out a strategy to address the requirements for personal mobility in the context of the megatrend of increasing global urbanization, both in mature economies as well as in emerging markets. Daimler’s car2go initiative), Ford has already taken steps to exploring new business models such as car sharing in mature markets, in Ford’s case via a strategic alliance with ZipCar establishing Ford as Zipcar’s largest university vehicle partner.

Study Finds Controlling Soot May Be Fastest Method to Reduce Arctic Ice Loss and Global Warming; Second-Leading Cause of Global Warming After CO2

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Controlling soot from fossil fuels and solid biofuels may be a faster method of reducing Arctic ice loss and global warming than other options, including controlling CH 4 or CO 2 , although all controls are needed, according to a new study by Dr. Mark Z. Jacobson at Stanford University. Results of the study suggest that soot is second only to carbon dioxide in contributing to global warming. Jacobson is a senior fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment.

2010 203

Oxford University Study Finds Downscaling of Vehicle Size and Weight the Best Way to Reduce Transport GHG Emissions in the Short Term

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An new study from the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at Oxford University suggests that best way to reduce transport greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the short term is a “drastic downscaling of both size and weight” of conventional gasoline and diesel cars.

2010 204