Study finds CNG conversion policy in Bangladesh did result in more travel; congestion costs still half the health benefits

Green Car Congress

Several years ago, the government of Bangladesh took took various policies to convert the petroleum vehicles on road to run on compressed natural gas (CNG), which allows both air quality improvements and energy security benefits. In a 21013 study, researchers found large air quality and associated health benefits accruing to the residents of Dhaka (the capital of Bangladesh) as a result of the rapid conversion of the motor vehicle fleet to CNG.

Could CNG conversions be good for our health?

Green Cars News

There may be significant health benefits to converting our motoring fleet to compressed natural gas (CNG): as an analysis of CNG conversions in Dhaka, Bangladesh, has revealed.

Study attributes significant amount of kidney disease globally to PM2.5 pollution

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Standardized ABD (attributable burden of disease) in the 10 most populated countries showed Nigeria, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India having high ABDs, exceeding 200 incident cases of CKD per 100,000 population. The global toll of chronic kidney disease (CKD) attributable to PM 2.5

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Analysis finds air-quality justification for CNG vehicle conversion in developing cities, despite negative climate impact

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An analysis by a team in Bangladesh found large air quality and associated health benefits accruing to the residents of Dhaka (the capital of Bangladesh) as a result of the rapid conversion of the motor vehicle fleet to CNG.

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2018 Environmental Performance Index: Air quality top public health threat

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India and Bangladesh come in near the bottom of the rankings, with Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nepal rounding out the bottom five. The 2018 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) finds that air quality is the leading environmental threat to public health.

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787 Dreamliner sets speed and distance records for its weight class; 20% more fuel efficient

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and set the distance record for its class (440,000-550,000 lbs) with a 10,710 nmi (19,835 km) flight to Dhaka, Bangladesh, with credit for 10,337 nmi (19,144 km). After crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the airplane entered European air space at Santiago, Spain, and proceeded down the Mediterranean, across Egypt to Luxor, across the Middle East and over India to Bangladesh.

HEI: 95%+ of world’s population live in areas of unhealthy air

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China has made initial progress, beginning to achieve air pollution declines; in contrast, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India have experienced the steepest increases in air pollution levels since 2010.

2018 96

GSMA study indicates Bangkok could gain US$1B per year in benefits through ITS; reduced travel time, CO2 emissions and accidents

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2015 91

Forecast: global 3-wheeler market to grow at CAGR of 13% through 2019

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Underdeveloped countries in Africa like Nigeria, Tanzania, Mozambique and Egypt and their Asian counter parts like Nepal, Bangladesh, etc., The value of the global three-wheeler market will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13% during 2014-19, according to a recently published report by TechSci Research, “Global Three Wheeler Market Forecast and Opportunities, 2019”.

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8 development banks commit to provide more than $175B to scale up support for sustainable transport

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ADB is already supporting green transportation solutions across Asia, including low-cost electric vehicles in the Philippines, urban metrorail systems in Viet Nam, bus rapid transit systems in Mongolia and Bangladesh, and inland waterway transport in the People’s Republic of China.

European Parliament calls for fast action to cut non-CO2 climate forcers

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A follow-up technical meeting will be hosted by Bangladesh in October, with further ministerial meetings likely in the future. The European Parliament is calling for fast action to reduce non-CO 2 climate forcers including black carbon soot, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), methane, and ground-level ozone, which together are responsible for nearly half of climate forcing.

New phase of globalization could undermine efforts to reduce CO2 emissions

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In turn, the growth of CO 2 emissions embodied in Chinese exports has slowed or reversed, while the emissions embodied in exports, such as textiles, from less-developed regions like Vietnam and Bangladesh have surged. A new study finds that the growth of carbon production from Chinese exports has slowed or reversed, reflecting a “new phase of globalization” between developing countries that could undermine international efforts to reduce emissions.

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Toyota Environmental Activities Grant Program accepting application for 2017 awards

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To introduce biodiversity teaching materials in Bangladesh's elementary curriculum with the intention to raise public awareness. Toyota Motor Corporation has begun accepting applications today for this year’s Toyota Environmental Activities Grant Program , which is designed to support environmental revitalization and conservation activities aimed at sustainable development both in Japan and overseas.

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UN Environment report says national GHG pledges only bring one-third of reductions needed for Paris Agreement

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Ten countries make up approximately 85% of the entire coal pipeline: China, India, Turkey, Indonesia, Vietnam, Japan, Egypt, Bangladesh, Pakistan and the Republic of Korea.

2017 60

Axial Vector and Kirloskar Oil Engines Forming JV for Mass Production of Axial-Type Engines

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The marketing rights of the joint venture company will extend to all South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries: India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives, Bangladesh and Pakistan. The AVEC axial engine technology in a 60 hp (45 kW) application targeted at UAVs.

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

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The south Asian countries of India, Bangladesh and Nepal would see the biggest reductions in premature deaths. National benefits of the CH 4 plus BC measures versus the reference scenario.

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Study of emissions from CNG- and gasoline-fueled autorickshaws suggests measurements and data, not assumptions, should drive policy

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The average CNG-2S vehicle emitted nearly 3 orders of magnitude (700 times) more PM than the new CNG-4S test vehicle.regulators should also consider following the example of Dhaka, Bangladesh, who banned use of two-stroke vehicles completely.

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New international Climate and Clean Air Coalition to focus on reduction of short-lived climate pollutants

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The founding coalition partners are Bangladesh, Canada, Ghana, Mexico, Sweden, and the United States, together with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).

Low-lying and other vulnerable countries calling for fast action on non-CO2 global warming pollutants

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The Parties included Micronesia and other small island nations, the Philippines, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Egypt, Congo, Nigeria, the 27 countries of the EU, as well as Japan, the US, Canada, and Mexico. Led by the tiny Pacific island of the Federated States of Micronesia, a growing group of low-lying islands and other vulnerable countries are calling for fast action on the approximately 50% of global warming that is caused by pollutants other than carbon dioxide (CO 2 ).

Northern India Rapidly Depleting its Groundwater Due to Excessive Irrigation; Major Water Crisis Looms If Trend Continues

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It is of immediate concern to recharge the aquifers of north India, Nepal and Bangladesh through suitable management of surface water for the sustainable availability of water and the preservation of ecosystems.

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EPA report to Congress finds a strong scientific and technical foundation for mitigating black carbon emissions

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Key policy-relevant scientific uncertainties related to BC. Source: EPA. Click to enlarge.

Study Finds Indian Ocean Sea-Level Rise Threatens Coastal Areas; Climate Change Partly Responsible

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The rise—which may aggravate monsoon flooding in Bangladesh and India—could have future impacts on both regional and global climate. Indian Ocean sea levels are rising unevenly and threatening residents in some densely populated coastal areas and islands, a new study published in the journal Nature Geoscience concludes. The study, led by scientists at the University of Colorado at Boulder (CU) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo.,

ADB draft report says 3B Asians could become affluent by 2050; significant challenges

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An additional 3 billion Asians could enjoy higher living standards by 2050, but only if Asia sustains its present growth momentum and addresses significant multigenerational challenges and risks, according to a new report commissioned by the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The draft report says that as the global economy’s center of gravity shifts toward Asia, the region could account for about half of global output in 2050, up from the current 27%, as well as half of global trade and investment.

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Hadley Centre: Average 4 C Warming Could Happen Within a Human Lifetime, With Even Greater Warming in Many Regions

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Regional case studies will include Amazonia; Australia; Bangladesh; Brazil; Ethiopia; Finland; Mauritius; Siberia; Vietnam; and the monsoon region. Comparison of surface temperature projections from the high-end emissions scenario, without carbon cycle feedbacks. Temperature increases between 1961-1990 and 2090-2099, averaged over all high-end members. Source: Met Office. Click to enlarge.

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Study Finds Black Carbon a Significant Factor in Melting of Himalayan Glaciers

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Menon’s study also found that black carbon affects precipitation and is a major factor in triggering extreme weather in eastern India and Bangladesh, where cyclones, hurricanes and flooding are common. A team of researchers from the US and India has found that airborne black carbon aerosols, or soot, from India is a major contributor to the decline in snow and ice cover on the glaciers in the Himalayan mountains.

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