Roskill: Myanmar crisis set to disrupt rare earth supply availability

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On 1 February 2021, a coup d’état in Myanmar brought down the civilian government and imposed military rule. Myanmar is the world’s third-biggest miner of tin and in 2020 accounted for more than 95% of China’s imports of tin concentrate, used by smelters to make refined tin for circuit-board soldering. While China is the world’s dominant producer of rare earths, it relied on Myanmar for about half its heavy rare earth concentrates in 2020.

Six Ways Chevron Imperils Climate, Human Rights, & Racial Justice

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Air Pollution EV Policy & Politics Human Rights Burma/Myanmar military climate Ecuador EVobsession Greenwashing human rights Racial Justice


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Adamas Intelligence: China became a net-importer of several rare earth oxides (or oxide equivalents) in 2018

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as China raised domestic mining, smelting and separation quotas for the first time in five years, and production in Myanmar and the US surged. During the same period, Adamas estimates that illegal production in China fell by 50%, creating a vacuum that was filled by record-high imports from Myanmar and the US, resulting in China becoming a net-importer of at least seven rare earth oxides (or oxide equivalents) in 2018.

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Thailand’s EV industry growing rapidly

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The ASEAN member states are Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Nikkei: China boosts domestic rare earths quota by nearly 30%

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Although it is the world’s dominant producer of rare earths, China still imports the minerals from abroad—primarily from Myanmar, Malaysia and Vietnam. China has increased its production quota for rare-earth metals by close to 30% for the first half of this year, according to a report by the Nikkei.

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Toyota develops “Total-care Service” for ride-hailing companies; rollout with Grab in Singapore

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Grab currently offers services in Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar and Cambodia. Toyota Motor Corporation (Toyota) is introducing “total-care service,” a pioneering set of mobility services specially designed for ride-hailing companies.

2018 191

Toyota Environmental Activities Grant Program accepting application for 2017 awards

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Forest protection activities and promotion of environmental education for biodiversity conservation in the central “dry zone” of Myanmar. Creation of sustainable mangrove community forest with grassroots participation in the Uto Village in Myanmar.

2017 150

UN: world population is expected to reach 9.7 billion in 2050 and could peak at nearly 11 billion around 2100

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Some of the largest migratory outflows are driven by the demand for migrant workers (Bangladesh, Nepal and the Philippines) or by violence, insecurity and armed conflict (Myanmar, Syria and Venezuela). The world’s population is expected to increase by 2 billion persons in the next 30 years, from 7.7 billion currently to 9.7 billion in 2050, according to a new United Nations report.

2019 192

Study finds unprecedented urbanization and urban expansion in East-Southeast Asia from 2000 to 2010

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The overall study area covered East-Southeast Asia and included 17 countries: China (including Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR); Taiwan; Japan; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; Indonesia; Laos; Malaysia; Myanmar; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Vietnam.

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