AQLI: new data reveals little progress globally in reducing air pollution over the last two decades

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Particulate air pollution continues to cut global life expectancy by nearly two years as progress in some countries counterbalances worsening air quality in others, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI).

2020 222

Study attributes significant amount of kidney disease globally to PM2.5 pollution

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The global toll of chronic kidney disease (CKD) attributable to PM 2.5 In this latest research, the investigators used the Global Burden of Disease study methodologies to estimate the burden of CKD attributable to fine particulate matter: more than 10.7 The global burden of chronic kidney disease attributable to elevated PM 2.5. The estimate for the global annual burden of incident CKD attributable to elevated PM 2.5

2017 219
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New phase of globalization could undermine efforts to reduce CO2 emissions

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A new study finds that the growth of carbon production from Chinese exports has slowed or reversed, reflecting a “new phase of globalization” between developing countries that could undermine international efforts to reduce emissions. The study, involving researchers from the University of East Anglia (UEA) and colleagues in China and the United States, investigated how complex supply chains are distributing energy-intensive industries and their CO 2 emissions throughout the global South.

2018 163

Forecast: global 3-wheeler market to grow at CAGR of 13% through 2019

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The value of the global three-wheeler market will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13% during 2014-19, according to a recently published report by TechSci Research, “Global Three Wheeler Market Forecast and Opportunities, 2019”. The introduction of CNG/LPG three-wheelers has revived the global three-wheeler market and significantly increased the acceptability of three-wheelers across many countries, especially in developing nations, the report says.

2014 200

ADB Transport Forum: shift to greener transport in Asia key to global sustainability; investment of $2.5T needed by 2020

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In 1980, just one in 10 motorized vehicles in the world was in Asia, but by 2030 the region is expected to account for nearly half the global total. Without a change in current transport development patterns in Asia, global carbon dioxide emissions and fuel prices will keep rising, with consequences for climate change, energy security, and economic growth.

2012 191

Low-lying and other vulnerable countries calling for fast action on non-CO2 global warming pollutants

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Led by the tiny Pacific island of the Federated States of Micronesia, a growing group of low-lying islands and other vulnerable countries are calling for fast action on the approximately 50% of global warming that is caused by pollutants other than carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). The Parties included Micronesia and other small island nations, the Philippines, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Egypt, Congo, Nigeria, the 27 countries of the EU, as well as Japan, the US, Canada, and Mexico.

2010 179

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

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A study by an international team of researchers, led by Drew Shindell of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York City, has identified 14 measures targeting methane and black carbon (BC) emissions that could reduce projected global mean warming ~0.5°C In addition, they darken ice and snow, reducing their reflectivity and hastening global warming. Tropospheric ozone and black carbon (BC) contribute to degraded air quality and global warming.

2012 218

Analysis finds air-quality justification for CNG vehicle conversion in developing cities, despite negative climate impact

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An analysis by a team in Bangladesh found large air quality and associated health benefits accruing to the residents of Dhaka (the capital of Bangladesh) as a result of the rapid conversion of the motor vehicle fleet to CNG. Vehicle ownership in Bangladesh is small, which puts Bangladesh among the top five countries in the world in CNG penetration (?18% Global warming factors for OC and SO 2 are negative—i.e.,

2013 234

HEI: 95%+ of world’s population live in areas of unhealthy air

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Seven billion people, more than 95% of the world’s population, lived in areas exceeding the WHO Guideline for healthy air in 2016, according to a new global study. Air pollution is the leading environmental cause of death worldwide according to the State of Global Air 2018 , the annual report and interactive website published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI). State of Global Air 2018. State of Global Air 2018. State of Global Air 2018.

2018 195

2018 Environmental Performance Index: Air quality top public health threat

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India and Bangladesh come in near the bottom of the rankings, with Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nepal rounding out the bottom five. The 2018 EPI offers not only a snapshot of where countries stand today but also reflects important trends in environmental performance at both the national and global levels. EPI and Global Sustainability Data.

2018 249

8 development banks commit to provide more than $175B to scale up support for sustainable transport

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Global CO 2 emissions from the transport sector are projected to increase nearly 50% by 2030 unless significant changes are adopted. Yet despite the importance of the transport sector, which also directly contributes 5-10% of GDP in most countries, it has been largely neglected in the global sustainable development agenda.

European Parliament calls for fast action to cut non-CO2 climate forcers

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Cutting just two of the short-lived climate forcers—black carbon soot and ground-level ozone—can cut the rate of global warming in half and by two-thirds in the Arctic for the next 30 to 60 years, assuming we also make progress on CO 2. A follow-up technical meeting will be hosted by Bangladesh in October, with further ministerial meetings likely in the future.

2011 196

UN: world population is expected to reach 9.7 billion in 2050 and could peak at nearly 11 billion around 2100

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The resulting changes in the size, composition and distribution of the world’s population have important consequences for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the globally agreed targets for improving economic prosperity and social well-being while protecting the environment. The global fertility rate, which fell from 3.2 In 2018, for the first time in history, persons aged 65 or above outnumbered children under five years of age globally.

2019 194

Toyota Environmental Activities Grant Program accepting application for 2017 awards

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Toyota established the annual program in 2000 in commemoration of Toyota’s receipt of the Global 500 Award in 1999 from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); this year marks the program’s 18 th year. The program aims to contribute to the resolution of environmental concerns and cultivate a new generation of leaders who will drive change on both a local and global basis.

2017 150

UN Environment report says national GHG pledges only bring one-third of reductions needed for Paris Agreement

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The Paris Agreement looks to limit global warming to under 2 ˚C, with a more ambitious goal of 1.5 ˚C If the emissions gap is not closed by 2030, the report says, it is extremely unlikely that the goal of holding global warming to well below 2 ˚C can still be reached. Even if the current Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are fully implemented, the carbon budget for limiting global warming to below 2 ˚C will be about 80% depleted by 2030.

2017 150

New international Climate and Clean Air Coalition to focus on reduction of short-lived climate pollutants

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Global benefits from full implementation of measures for reduction of short-lived climate pollutants in 2030 compared to the reference scenario. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants, a new global initiative to seize the opportunity of realizing concrete benefits on climate, health, food and energy resulting from reducing short-lived climate pollutants.

2012 185

Study of emissions from CNG- and gasoline-fueled autorickshaws suggests measurements and data, not assumptions, should drive policy

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mass, B: organic carbon fraction (OC/PM), C: elemental carbon fraction (EC/PM)), global warming commitment (D: GWC-Kyoto, E: GWC-All), and F: fuel consumption. The average CNG-2S vehicle emitted nearly 3 orders of magnitude (700 times) more PM than the new CNG-4S test vehicle.regulators should also consider following the example of Dhaka, Bangladesh, who banned use of two-stroke vehicles completely. Fuel-based particulate matter emission factors (A: PM 2.5

2011 237

ADB draft report says 3B Asians could become affluent by 2050; significant challenges

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The draft report says that as the global economy’s center of gravity shifts toward Asia, the region could account for about half of global output in 2050, up from the current 27%, as well as half of global trade and investment. In the more optimistic Asian Century scenario, the region’s gross domestic product (GDP) would soar to $148 trillion and account for 51% of global output in 2050.

2011 170

Study Finds Indian Ocean Sea-Level Rise Threatens Coastal Areas; Climate Change Partly Responsible

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The rise—which may aggravate monsoon flooding in Bangladesh and India—could have future impacts on both regional and global climate. Our results from this study imply that if future anthropogenic warming effects in the Indo-Pacific warm pool dominate natural variability, mid-ocean islands such as the Mascarenhas Archipelago, coasts of Indonesia, Sumatra and the north Indian Ocean may experience significantly more sea-level rise than the global average.

Northern India Rapidly Depleting its Groundwater Due to Excessive Irrigation; Major Water Crisis Looms If Trend Continues

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It is of immediate concern to recharge the aquifers of north India, Nepal and Bangladesh through suitable management of surface water for the sustainable availability of water and the preservation of ecosystems. GRACE provides monthly, global, gravity field solutions at scales of a few hundred km and greater, in the form of spherical harmonic coefficients.

2009 163

EPA report to Congress finds a strong scientific and technical foundation for mitigating black carbon emissions

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In February, the US and coalition partners Bangladesh, Canada, Ghana, Mexico, Sweden and the UN Environment Programme announced the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants, a new global initiative to seize the opportunity of realizing concrete benefits on climate, health, food and energy resulting from reducing short-lived climate pollutants such as BC. The United States contributes about 8% of the global emissions of BC.

2012 214

Hadley Centre: Average 4 C Warming Could Happen Within a Human Lifetime, With Even Greater Warming in Many Regions

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F) rise in global temperatures if the current high emissions of greenhouse gasses continue. The conference, attended by 130 international scientists and policy specialists, is the first to consider the global consequences of climate change beyond 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 °F). Regional case studies will include Amazonia; Australia; Bangladesh; Brazil; Ethiopia; Finland; Mauritius; Siberia; Vietnam; and the monsoon region.

2009 191