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Columbia University engineers make breakthrough in understanding electroreduction of CO2 for conversion to electrofuels

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Recent research in electrocatalytic CO 2 conversion points the way to using CO 2 as a feedstock and renewable electricity as an energy supply for the synthesis of different types of fuel and value-added chemicals such as ethylene, ethanol, and propane. Knowing the exact structure of the activated CO 2 is essential because its structure dictates both the end product of the reaction and its energy cost. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Climate Change Emissions Solar fuels

2018 70

Researchers develop co-catalyst system for lower cost conversion of CO2 to CO; syngas for synfuels

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A team from the University of Illinois and startup Dioxide Materials has developed an electrocatalytic system for the reduction of CO 2 to CO—a key component of artificial photosynthesis and thus an enabler for the conversion of CO 2 to synthetic fuels—at overpotentials below 0.2

2011 111

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DOE selects 7 gasification projects for funding; focus on reducing cost of coal conversion

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The projects conducted through this program are geared toward reducing the cost of coal conversion and mitigating the environmental impacts of fossil-fueled power generation. The funded research projects fall under two subtopic areas: development of gasification technologies applicable to in situ bio-gasification of coal to methane; and the development of low cost advanced air separation technologies that can produce oxygen for use in coal gasification processes.

2015 73

DOE awarding >$24M to 77 projects through Technology Commercialization Fund

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced more than $24 million in funding for 77 projects supported by the Office of Technology Transitions (OTT) Technology Commercialization Fund (TCF). The new TCF selections will expand DOE’s efforts to catalyze the commercial impact of the Department’s portfolio of research, development, demonstration, and deployment activities. Purdue University, West Lafayette, Ind.

2019 83

Researchers use multifunctional co-solvent pair to uncover molecular principles of biomass breakdown for conversion to transportation fuels

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Plant cell walls resist chemical or biological degradation, making the breakdown of lignocellulosic biomass into renewable chemical precursors for conversion into chemicals and transportation fuels challenging and costly.

2019 90

Anellotech Bio-TCat hits commercially-targeted yields during 6 months of continuous operations

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Anellotech ’s Bio-TCat technology has achieved commercially-targeted yields in its TCat-8 pilot unit in Silsbee, Texas during six months of continuous process operations.

2019 95

NREL enzyme enables conversion of biomass to sugar up to 14x faster than current alternatives; changing the economics of conversion

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Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed an enzyme that can enable the conversion of biomass to sugars up to 14 times faster and more cheaply than competing catalysts in enzyme cocktails today.

2015 110

UC Santa Barbara team develops catalytic molten metals for direct conversion of methane to hydrogen without forming CO2

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Researchers at the University of California Santa Barbara have developed catalytic molten metals to pyrolize methane to release hydrogen and to form solid carbon. Under these conditions, the equilibrium conversion is 98%.

2017 95

Researchers show mixotrophic fermentation process improves carbon conversion, boosting yields and reducing CO2

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The production costs for most chemicals via microbial fermentation are currently high compared to oil-derived products primarily because of operating costs associated with feedstock and feedstock processing.

2016 107

USDA awards $3M biorefinery grant to support conversion of lignin into renewable alternative for ABS Resin

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a $3-million grant to support the commercialization of its patented and patent-pending lignin conversion and refining technologies. Lignocellulose, or lignin, is ubiquitous in biomass, and yet it is highly-resistant to the chemical, biological, and other processes historically used for the conversion and refining of biomass into renewable products. The USDA has awarded a consortium including Attis Innovations, Inc., a subsidiary of Meridian Waste Solutions, Inc.,a

2018 60

University of Sydney team advances rechargeable zinc-air batteries with bimetallic oxide–graphene hybrid electrocatalyst

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University of Sydney team advances rechargeable zinc-air batteries with bimetallic oxide–graphene hybrid electrocatalyst. Researchers at the University of Sydney, with colleagues at Nanyang Technological University, have found a solution for one of the biggest stumbling blocks hindering the commercialization of rechargeable zinc-air batteries. In contrast, our method produces a family of new high-performance and low-cost catalysts.

DOE to provide $22M for research on capturing carbon dioxide from air

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Accelerating success in direct air capture of carbon dioxide would strengthen America’s energy security and open new avenues for commercial applications. Applicants are encouraged to find partners at universities, National Laboratories, and other institutions. These and similar approaches are debated on bases of potential cost, scaling, and life-cycle attributes. Eligible applicants include universities, nonprofits, and industry, with a 20% cost share.

2020 73

ExxonMobil and UW Madison extend research collaboration on conversion of biomass to transportation fuels

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The University of Wisconsin-Madison and ExxonMobil announced a two-year renewal of an agreement to research the fundamental chemistry of converting biomass into transportation fuels. The research is part of a broad effort to identify scalable and commercially viable solutions to help meet increasing global energy demand with a renewable resource. UW-Madison has long been known for its expertise in biomass conversion.

2017 60

University of Wisconsin seeking commercial partners for alkylphenol solvent-based method to convert biomass into furan derivatives for fuels and chemicals

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The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) is seeking commercial partners for a novel, cost-effective method developed by University of Wisconsin, Madison researchers for producing furan derivatives such as hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), furfural, levulinic acid (LA) or γ-valerolactone (GVL) from biomass using alkylphenols as solvents. However, currently it is more expensive to create commercially desirable products from biomass than petroleum feedstocks.

University of Houston team demonstrates new efficient solar water-splitting catalyst for hydrogen production

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Researchers from the University of Houston (UH) have developed a cobalt(II) oxide (CoO) nanocrystalline catalyst that can carry out overall water splitting with a solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of around 5%. The project involved researchers from UH, along with those from Sam Houston State University, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Texas State University, Carl Zeiss Microscopy LLC, and Sichuan University.

LeMond Composites licenses ORNL low-cost carbon fiber manufacturing process; transportation, renewable energy, & infrastructure

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LeMond Composites, founded by three-time Tour de France champion Greg LeMond, has licensed a low-cost, high-volume carbon fiber manufacturing process developed at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).

Johns Hopkins team plates Pt on cobalt to create low-cost, highly efficient fuel cell catalysts

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Researchers at Johns Hopkins University, with colleagues at Purdue and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), have plated a one nanometer thick coating of platinum on a core of cobalt to create a cost-effective and highly efficient fuel cell catalyst. versus the commercial Pt catalyst.

2018 78

AFC and University of Witwatersrand Sign Exclusive Agreement to Commercialize Fischer-Tropsch Fuels and Chemical Feedstocks in the Americas

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and the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa (Wits) signed an exclusive representation agreement to commercialize the Fischer-Tropsch-based fuel and chemical production process developed by the Centre of Materials and Process Synthesis (COMPS) located at The University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. COMPS has recently commissioned 2 commercial scale pilot plants in China and Australia.

Lux Research: cost of electrofuels remains far from viable

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Production costs per barrel of oil equivalent. The cost of electrofuels—fuels produced by catalyst-based systems for light capture, water electrolysis, and catalytic conversion of carbon dioxide and hydrogen to liquid fuels—remains far away from viable, according to a new analysis by Lux Research. Source: Lux Research. Click to enlarge.

2014 73

Team from Coskata, GM and Auburn University lays out a case for cellulosic ethanol

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The conversion of biomass to cellulosic ethanol is the most efficient and productive use of biomass to create a high-octane, environmentally friendly transportation fuel, according to a perspective paper published in the Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology. Conversion pathways.

2011 111

DOE Awarding $4.4M to Six Projects for Carbon Capture and Conversion

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Total value of the projects, including cost sharing, is approximately US$5.9 This integrated capture and conversion process will be used to produce a number of different chemicals that could replace petroleum-derived products. Researchers hope to achieve a commercially feasible CO 2 reforming process that will produce useful commodities using the entire solar spectrum. Brown University (Providence, R.I.). McGill University (Quebec, Canada).

2010 73

UC Riverside CELF biomass pretreatment technology could cut cellulosic biofuel production cost by about 30%

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This development could mean reducing enzyme costs from about $1 per gallon of ethanol to about 10 cents or less, with an overall reduction in the cost of the production of cellulosic biofuels of 30% or more. For example, lignocellulosic biomass costing about $60?a

2015 91

Univ. Houston, Caltech team develops new earth-abundant, cost-effective catalyst for water-splitting

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Platinum (Pt)-based noble metals are by far the most active catalysts; however, they are not suitable for large-scale applications because of the high cost and scarcity of Pt on earth. Thus, we aim to identify alternative electrocatalysts based on earth-abundant and cost-effective elements.

UC Riverside team develops new high efficiency method for conversion of biomass to biofuels

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Wyman, the Ford Motor Company Chair in Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering, has developed a versatile, relatively non-toxic, and efficient way to convert lignocellulosic biomass into biofuels and chemicals. Successful commercialization of biofuels technology is about yield, yield, yield, and we obtained great yields with this novel technology. Overview of the process. Cai et al. 2014) Click to enlarge.

2014 81

NCSU team develops catalyst for thermal hybrid water-splitting and syngas generation with exceptional conversion; H2 gas and liquid fuels

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Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a highly effective new perovskite-promoted iron oxide redox catalyst for a hybrid solar-redox scheme they had proposed earlier for partial oxidation and water-splitting of methane.

2015 91

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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A team led by Dr. Michael Grätzel at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) in Switzerland has developed a highly efficient and low-cost water-splitting cell combining an advanced perovskite tandem solar cell and a bi-functional Earth-abundant catalyst.

2014 119

Researchers propose using AC and ventilation systems for decentralized production of carbon-neutral synthetic fuels

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Researchers at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the University of Toronto have proposed a method enabling air conditioning and ventilation systems to produce synthetic fuels from CO 2 and water from the ambient air. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels

2019 105

Start-up commercializing NC State technology for drop-in biofuels; full commercial production targeted for 2016

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Avjet Biotech will sell stock and use the funds raised to reimburse the university for its investment in patent applications, as well as allocate development capital to create a continuous production model for the biofuel refining system. Avjet Biotech, Inc.

2011 91

Volkswagen & BASF “Science Award Electrochemistry” to Dr. William Chueh from Stanford; special prize to Dr. Martin Ebner from ETH University Zurich

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The Volkswagen and BASF international “Science Award Electrochemistry 2016” goes to Dr. William Chueh from Stanford University. The jury of representatives from BASF, Volkswagen and from academia selected him for his outstanding research results in the area of energy storage and conversion. Dr. Martin Ebner received his PhD in Material Science at the ETH University Zurich.

2016 79

UT Arlington licenses technology for portable, modular GTL conversion units; targeting stranded gas

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The University of Texas at Arlington has licensed technology for converting natural gas to synthetic liquid fuels (GTL) in portable units at a cost lower than current market rates to 1 st Resource Group Inc. of Fort Worth for commercialization. UT Arlington engineering and science researchers designed a portable conversion unit utilizing their microreactor and process. a Fort Worth-based, publicly traded company, to aid in commercializing the patent-pending process.

Researchers discover lower-cost, energy-efficient way to produce alane for hydrogen storage

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Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with partners from Iowa State University, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, University of Wisconsin-Madison, and University of Pittsburgh, have discovered a less-expensive, more energy-efficient way to produce alane—aluminum trihydride (AlH 3 )—a high-capacity hydrogen source that had widely been considered to be a technological dead-end for use in automotive vehicles.

2016 75

Primus Green Energy to support gas-to-liquids research at Princeton University; comparing STG+ to other GTL platforms

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developer of a proprietary process to produce gasoline and other fuels from biomass and/or natural gas ( earlier post ), will provide financial support to engineers at Princeton University for general research on synthetic fuels, which will include assessments of various gas-to-liquids (GTL) technologies—including Primus’ own STG+—for sustainability and economic viability. Schematic diagram of the Primus STG+ process. Click to enlarge. Primus Green Energy Inc.,

2013 81

DOE selects 8 new advanced coal projects for funding by University Coal Research Program

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected eight new projects to further advanced coal research under the University Coal Research Program. The selected projects are intended to improve coal conversion and use and will help propel technologies for future advanced coal power systems. Princeton University, Princeton, NJ. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colo. Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.

Coal 73

New catalysts convert ethanol to butanol with high selectivity; potential low-cost upgrade for ethanol plants

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Researchers at the University of Bristol (UK) have developed a new family of catalysts that enables the conversion of ethanol into n-butanol—a higher alcohol with better characteristics for transportation applications than ethanol—with selectivity of more than 95% at good conversion. There’s a long way to go before they are commercialized, but we are reporting a fundamental advance in that direction.

2013 81

DOE Selects 42 University-Led Nuclear Research and Development Projects for $38 Million in Funding

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected 42 university-led research and development projects for awards totaling $38 million. These projects, funded over three to four years through the Department’s Nuclear Energy University Program, are intended to help advance nuclear education and develop the next generation of nuclear technologies. Twenty-three US universities will act as lead research institutions for projects in 17 states. Clemson University - $614,690.

2010 67

Stanford/DTU team devises new effective solid-oxide electrochemical cell for CO2 electrolysis

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Researchers from Stanford University and the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) have engineered and demonstrated a solid-oxide electrochemical cell (SOC) with a porous ceria electrode that achieves stable and selective CO 2 electrolysis beyond the thermodynamic carbon deposition threshold. Here we establish the inhibition mechanism on ceria and show selective CO 2 to CO conversion well beyond the thermodynamic carbon deposition threshold.

2019 64

Coskata Unveils Semi-Commercial Feedstock-Flexible Ethanol Facility; Springboard for Full-Scale Commercial Rollout

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Coskata’s semi-commercial facility in Madison, Pa. a syngas to ethanol company, officially launched its semi-commercial “Flexethanol” facility located in Madison, PA. Actual production cost will vary, either below or above $1.00 Commercial-scale plans.

2009 78

ExxonMobil and Global Thermostat in joint development agreement to advance atmospheric carbon capture technology

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The captured CO 2 is then stripped off and collected using low-temperature steam (85-100° C), ideally sourced from residual/process heat at little or no-cost. The company recently committed to spend up to $100 million over 10 years on research with the US Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory and National Energy Technology Laboratory to bring lower-emissions technologies to commercial scale. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS

2019 80

Researchers report cost-effective synthesis of NiFe-layered double hydroxides nanosheets as efficient OER catalyst

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A team from Brown University and Lakehead University (Canada) have developed a method for the facile and cost-effective synthesis of NiFe-layered double hydroxides (LDH) nanosheets to serve as efficient catalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction in an alkaline environment. Electrochemical water splitting offers one of the most attractive approaches in the realization of efficient energy conversion and storage.

2016 60

Lux: future use of wide bandgap materials in power electronics will reduce EV cost

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Using wide bandgap (WBG) materials such as silicon carbide (SiC) and gallium nitride (GaN)s for power electronics can improve efficiency and thereby reduce the high cost of battery packs, according to a new report from Lux Research. As an extreme example (because of the very large battery pack), Lux notes that on Tesla Model S, a 20% power savings could result in gains of more than $6,000 in battery cost—8% of the vehicles cost. SiC ahead in road to commercialization.

2014 75

New sulfonated carbon catalysts for esterification of free fatty acids for biodiesel production at lower costs

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Researchers at Wake Forest University and Virginia Tech report on their development of sulfonated carbon catalysts for the conversion of low-quality fats and oils containing high concentrations of free fatty acids into biodiesel in a paper in the journal Bioresource Technology. The new technology could reduce costs by up to 15% for a small-scale biodiesel production facility.

2013 75

MIT team outlines path to low-cost solar-to-fuels devices; the artificial leaf

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The new work outlines a research program to improve the efficiency of these systems, and could quickly lead to the production of a practical, inexpensive and commercially viable prototype. This level of energy conversion is considered very good and practical. ”.

2013 98

New Process for Conversion of Levulinic Acid to -Valerolactone without External Hydrogen; Intermediary for Biomass-Derived Fuels and Chemicals

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Researchers from the University of Science and Technology of China and Chinese Academy of Sciences have demonstrated the conversion of levulinic acid (LA) to γ-valerolactone (GVL) by heterogeneous catalysts without using external hydrogen.

2010 83