PCAST suggests 6 key components for climate change strategy to President Obama; adaptation and mitigation

Green Car Congress

The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) released a letter to President Obama describing six key components the advisory group believes should be central to the Administration’s strategy for addressing climate change. The first component aims to reduce the damage resulting from changes in climate (“adaptation”), while the last five aim to reduce the pace and magnitude of these changes (“mitigation”).

The Climate Change Caravan

Revenge of the Electric Car

Say Hello to Guest Blogger Alexis Ringwald - with this first dispatch from the Climate Change Caravan in India. On January 3, 2009, a group of passionate individuals launched the Climate Solutions Road Tour : an epic month-long 3,500 km journey from Chennai to New Delhi, India to demonstrate that clean transportation solutions do exist and call upon automakers globally to build them. Diesel and petrol make too much pollution.

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There’s Only One Kind Of “Just” Transition I Want To See

Creative Greenius

The kind of justice I believe in does not give “them that’s got” an uninterrupted pipeline to keep profiting from pollution. Make the victims a priority for a damn change. USW pollution SuperFund site toxic waste

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Tesla’s 2020 Impact Report shows why an “ecosystem” of products is key to addressing climate change

Teslarati

This is one of the reasons why Tesla’s products and services are focused on transportation and energy production and storage — segments that are traditionally the most polluting in both the United States and foreign countries. .

Perspective: The Role of Offsets in Climate Change Legislation

Green Car Congress

This article shows that including offsets in climate change legislation would likely make an emissions program more cost-effective by: (a) providing an incentive for non-regulated sources to generate emission reductions; and (b) expanding emission compliance opportunities for regulated entities. From a global climate change perspective, it does not matter where or from what source the reduction occurs: the effect on the atmospheric concentration of GHGs would be the same.

Cutting Non-CO2 Pollutants Can Delay Abrupt Climate Change; The Fast Action Climate Agenda

Green Car Congress

A “fast-action” climate agenda including reducing non-CO 2 climate change agents such as black carbon soot, tropospheric ozone, and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), as well as expanding bio-sequestration through biochar production, can forestall fast-approaching abrupt climate changes, according to Nobel Laureate Dr. Mario Molina (Chemistry, 1995) and co-authors in a paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Climate policy.

Black carbon is a much larger cause of climate change than previously assessed; about twice previous estimates, and 2/3 the effect of CO2

Green Car Congress

the distribution of black carbon in the atmosphere and determine its role in the climate system. Black carbon (BC) is the second largest man-made contributor to global warming and its influence on climate has been greatly underestimated, according to the first quantitative and comprehensive analysis of this pollutant’s climate impact. Accounting for all of the ways black carbon can affect climate, it is believed to have a warming effect of about 1.1

2013 233

Study Finds That Climate Change Mitigation in Land Transport Should Benefit Public Health Substantially

Green Car Congress

A new study by an international team of researchers using Comparative Risk Assessment methods to estimate the health effects of alternative urban land transport scenarios for two settings—London, UK, and Delhi, India—concluded that although uncertainties remain, climate change mitigation in transport should benefit public health substantially. They developed separate models that linked transport scenarios with physical activity, air pollution, and risk of road traffic injury.

UCL-led study finds climate impact caused by growing space industry needs urgent mitigation

Green Car Congress

The rapidly growing space industry may have a greater climate effect than the aviation industry and undo repair to the protective ozone layer if left unregulated, according to a new study led by UCL and published in the journal Earth’s Future as an open-access paper.

IRENA: doubling global share of renewable energy by 2030 could save trillions annually from avoided expenditures on pollution and climate change

Green Car Congress

trillion annually by 2030—15 times more than the costs— according to a new report by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). The energy transition is well underway in the power sector, but to reach global climate and development targets, the next phase will require more focus on transport, heating and cooling. Doubling the share of renewables in the global energy mix by 2030 can save up to US$4.2

2016 150

WHO issues new, lower Global Air Quality Guidelines for classical pollutants

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New WHO has issued new Global Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs) that reduce levels of key air pollutants, some of which also contribute to climate change. and carbon monoxide (CO)—it also has an impact on other damaging pollutants.

Scientists examine issues that impact marine and coastal biodiversity

Innovation News Network

An international research team, including Lancaster University, has revealed a list of 15 issues and the potential impact they could have on marine and coastal biodiversity. Research & Discovery Biodiversity Biology Climate Change Pollution

Greyrock, NREL study determines reduction in GHG and criteria pollutant emissions from using synthetic fuels produced from flare gas

Green Car Congress

A “well-to-wheel” life cycle assessment (LCA) by a team from synthetic fuels producer Greyrock ( earlier post ), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has determined the potential reduction of greenhouse gases and criteria pollutant emissions from the use of synthetic fuels directly converted from flare gas. The results of this open-access study are published in the International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering.

2018 222

Crowdsourcing air pollution measurements: iSPEX-EU 2015

Green Car Congress

Atmospheric aerosols play an important but as-yet poorly understood role in climate and air quality, with significant impacts on the environment, health, and air traffic. The current iSPEX-EU project, which runs until 15 October, is a scaled-up version of the original iSPEX-project that enlisted the general public to contribute to the understanding of air pollution. Climate Change Climate models Emissions Health

2015 216

New international Climate and Clean Air Coalition to focus on reduction of short-lived climate pollutants

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Global benefits from full implementation of measures for reduction of short-lived climate pollutants in 2030 compared to the reference scenario. The climate change benefit is estimated for a given year (2050) and human health and crop benefits are. Such pollutants together account for approximately one-third of current global warming, have significant impacts on public health, the environment, and world food productivity. Climate Change Emissions Policy

2012 180

CARB draft of updated AB 32 Scoping Plan for climate change actions post-2020; pushing for greater transportation reductions

Green Car Congress

The Scoping Plan describes the comprehensive range of efforts California must take to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020 and meet the state’s long-term goals to combat climate change. What steps must California now take to meet the state’s climate goals beyond 2020? An overview of the current science of climate change in the draft includes an expanded discussion of short-lived climate pollutants such as methane and black carbon.

2013 188

PNNL-led international study finds ultrafine aerosols have outsize impact on storm clouds, precipitation

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Scientists have known that aerosols may play an important role in shaping weather and climate; the new study shows that the smallest of particles have an outsize effect. Aerosol impacts on cloud processes via this pathway are known as aerosol indirect effects, referred to as aerosol-cloud interaction in the most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report. Climate Change EmissionsUltrafine aerosols—minute particles from urban (e.g.,

2018 190

EPA proposes first US greenhouse gas emissions standards for aircraft

Green Car Congress

This proposed action would align US standards with the international CO 2 emissions standards adopted by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in 2017, making domestically manufactured aircraft competitive in the global marketplace.

2020 319

Study links increased black carbon pollution to increase in cases of lung adenocarcinoma worldwide

Green Car Congress

An international team of scientists, led by NTU Singapore, has linked increased air pollution to an uptick in cases of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) worldwide. Black carbon is a pollutant that is classified as under PM 2.5. Global statistics have highlighted the trends of lung cancers but understanding what may be causing them has been unclear, until the NTU-led study, which has associated the incidence of the cancers to air pollution and tobacco consumption.

Perspective: Why Carbon Emissions Should Not Have Been the Focus of the UN Climate Change Summit and Why the 15th Conference of the Parties Should Have Focused on Technology Transfer

Green Car Congress

Oceans, already expanding from warmth and melting glaciers, would rise, increasing coastal flooding; a chain reaction of climate changes is projected to lead to harsher, more widespread droughts and more powerful storms. US intelligence and defense agencies say such environmental changes can lead to energy insecurity, water and food shortages, and social instability. It’s about time we changed course. The OPEC Fund for International Development (OPEC Fund).

2009 207

International automotive researchers emphasize the importance of continued development of the internal combustion engine

Green Car Congress

Thirty-seven globally prominent scientists representing the International Journal of Engine Research have published an open-access editorial addressing the future of the Internal Combustion Engine, and stressing the importance for continued development of more efficient and even lower-emitting technologies. The editorial addresses important issues in the current politically charged discussions of global warming and climate-change alarm. …

2019 249

Discovery of mechanism for atmospheric particle formation suggests need for ammonia emission regulations

Green Car Congress

An international team of researchers has shed light on one way new particles are forming in the upper troposphere. In a 2020 study, also published in Nature, Wang discovered that in cold conditions, such as that of the winter climate in Beijing, the mixture of these three agents contributes and condenses onto nanometer particles, increasing their mass quickly. What we found is that the nitric acid and ammonia are susceptible to temperature changes.

EPA proposes new GHG rules for light-duty vehicles; updating emission standards for heavy-duty trucks

Green Car Congress

In addition, EPA announced plans to update air pollution standards for heavy-duty vehicles. Benefits result from improved public health, fuel savings, and reduced impacts from climate change such as property damages due to increased flooding and changes to agricultural production. EPA also announced plans to reduce GHG emissions and other harmful air pollutants from heavy-duty trucks. Climate Change Emissions Market Background Regulations

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California ARB soliciting research suggestions for FY 2012-2013 plan; sustainable communities, behavior, pollutant exposure, air pollution science, GHG targets

Green Car Congress

The FY 2011-2012 plan focused primarily on five areas of interest: sustainable communities; behavior and technology adoption; health and air pollution exposures; air pollution science; and greenhouse gas targets. Development of sustainable communities strategies can also provide an opportunity for associated criteria pollutant emission reductions that will be needed to attain air quality standards for ozone and particulate matter as well as reduce near-roadway exposures.

2011 196

Global Mobility Report finds world not on track to achieving sustainable mobility

Green Car Congress

According to the report, apart from being inaccessible to many of the world’s most vulnerable, the transport sector today is plagued by high fossil fuel use, rising greenhouse gas emissions, air and noise pollution, an alarming number of road fatalities, and a reluctance to embrace digitalization. The set targets are consistent with international agreements. The GMR report focuses on two primary impacts: climate change and air and noise pollution.

2017 150

CMU study finds taxes on emissions would result in more rapid electrification by ridesharing companies

Green Car Congress

When life cycle air pollution and greenhouse gas emission externalities are internalized via a Pigovian tax, fleet electrification increases and externalities decrease, suggesting a role for policy. The team estimated the societal impact of emitted greenhouse gasses and conventional pollutants in terms of higher medical costs and premature deaths in surrounding communities, as well as the broader economic and environmental costs.

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CICERO team finds global temperature will respond slowly to emissions cuts

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Although large emissions cuts are urgently needed to achieve global climate goals, it may take decades before we can measure the effect of the reductions on global temperature evolution, according to a new study by researchers at Norway’s CICERO Center for International Climate Research.

2020 249

Study: air pollution causes 800,000 extra deaths a year in Europe and 8.8 million worldwide

Green Car Congress

Air pollution could be causing double the number of excess deaths a year in Europe than has been estimated previously, according to a study published in the European Heart Journal. Using a new method of modeling the effects of various sources of outdoor air pollution on death rates, the researchers found that it caused an estimated 790,000 extra deaths in the whole of Europe in 2015 and 659,000 deaths in the 28 Member States of the European Union (EU-28).

2019 254

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

Green Car Congress

Circle areas are proportional to values for (A and B) climate change, (C and D) human health (values for population over age 30), and (E and F) agriculture. A study by an international team of researchers, led by Drew Shindell of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York City, has identified 14 measures targeting methane and black carbon (BC) emissions that could reduce projected global mean warming ~0.5°C Black carbon Climate Change Emissions

2012 214

Greener cars ‘not the solution’ to climate change and health threats

Green Cars News

Greener vehicles aren’t the solution to air pollution and won’t make us healthier, health experts warn. According to Health24.com, the World Health Organisation (WHO) claims that transport policy recommendation from the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) focus too much on better fuel and engine performance, and not enough on health impacts of personalised transport [.]. Green credentials air pollution car culture health

2011 43

Study finds megacity traffic soot can reach high altitudes and be transported over long distances, contributing to global warming

Green Car Congress

Soot from road traffic in emerging countries can reach high altitudes, where it can be transported over long distances and thus contributes to global warming, according to the findings of a study performed by an international team of researchers in the Bolivian cities of La Paz (the seat of government), El Alto and the neighboring Chacaltaya mountain observatory. From there, BC can be transported over long distances and exert impact on climate and composition of remote southern hemisphere.

2018 205

Aerial methane survey finds a fraction of point sources responsible for more than a third of California’s methane emissions

Green Car Congress

To reduce methane’s impact on the climate, California has set a goal to cut overall emissions in the state by 40 from 2013 levels by 2030. The survey, however, represents a major advance in the use of remote sensing to detect this methane emission activity, and additional insight could be gained by expanding the use of the technology nationally and internationally. Climate Change Emissions

2019 207

California Governor orders more stringent GHG reduction target for the state: 40% below 1990 levels by 2030

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) will also update the Climate Change Scoping Plan to express the 2030 target in terms of million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent. The Governor’s executive order aligns California’s greenhouse gas reduction targets with those of leading international governments ahead of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris later this year. Climate Change Emissions Policy Regulations

2015 200

China wants all electric cars: will it work? Reasons and reactions

Green Car Reports

It was quaint and adorable when Norway did it, saying it would end sales of cars with internal-combustion engines by 2025. emissions China global warming energy policy climate change plug-in cars Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) regulation air pollutionThe Netherlands followed suit, with little fanfare. More recently, France and the U.K. have enacted various forms of bans on non-electrified vehicles, on varying schedules.

2017 82

BREAKING NEWS: Exxon/Mobil Ordered Out of Torrance, Guilty of Greenhouse Gas Pollution

Creative Greenius

“Pack Up Your Toxic, Fossil Fuel Factory With Its Climate-Changing Products & Get Out of Town By 2020!&# Consider this fair and legal warning, world’s largest and most polluting oil company - I’m giving you 10 years to pack up and hit the road. He makes his living off cars that run out of gas or break down because of the inadequacies of the internal combustion gasoline powered engine. Let’s try any of those for a change.

2009 245

Give Me A #BreakFreeLA & Then Give Me 100% Renewables RIGHT NOW

Creative Greenius

” He always was so ahead of the curve… Like I say, I live in Torrance, home of the exploding Exxon Mobil refinery where our Air Quality Management District just gave the refinery operators exemptions to exceed pollution limits while they restart the aging climate wrecker back up. . The science tells us we need to stop burning all of it in the next 10 years or kill our climate. I’ve lived in my house in Torrance, California for 23 years now. Been in L.A.

2016 235

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

Green Car Congress

A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 196

EPA's internal watchdog to check vulnerability to emission cheating

Green Car Reports

On Thursday, EPA administrator Scott Pruitt said carbon dioxide released by human activity is not a major cause of climate change, directly contradicting the scientific consensus. Environmental emissions government test EPA air pollution Volkswagen diesel scandalEven with a new leader apparently at odds with its mission, the Environmental Protection Agency continues to function on some level.

2017 66

Black carbon linked to increased cardiovascular risk; exacerbated by co-exposure to motor vehicle emissions

Green Car Congress

Black carbon (BC) from incomplete biomass and fossil fuel combustion is the most strongly light-absorbing component of particulate matter (PM) air pollution and a major climate-forcing emission. A new international study led by McGill University (Canada) Professor Jill Baumgartner suggests that black carbon may also increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Black carbon from wood burning is considered very important for climate warming.

2014 224

China study connects ozone pollution to cardiovascular health

Green Car Congress

Exposure to ozone, long associated with impaired lung function, is also connected to health changes that can cause cardiovascular disease such as heart attack, high blood pressure and stroke, according to a new study of Chinese adults. The study, by a team from Duke University, Tsinghua University, Duke Kunshan University and Peking University, appears in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine. They monitored indoor and outdoor ozone levels, along with other pollutants.

2017 163

4,000 Robots Roam the Oceans, Climate in Their Crosshairs

Cars That Think

In the puzzle of climate change, the Earth’s oceans are an immense and crucial piece. But gathering accurate and sufficient data about the oceans to feed climate and weather models has been a huge technical challenge. But some of it has to do with how the winds are changing.

NOAA-led study find ship air pollution plummets when vessels shift to low-sulfur fuels and slow down; net warming impact

Green Car Congress

New clean fuel regulations in California and voluntary slowdowns by shipping companies substantially reduce air pollution caused by near-shore ships, according to a new NOAA-led study published online in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology. Changes in the emissions of various air pollutants—some which have a warming effect, others which have cooling effects—likely mean net warming, the team concluded. Climate Change Emissions Fuels Ports and Marine

2011 174

Study: IMO low-sulfur fuel standards will decrease childhood asthma cases, premature deaths; climate tradeoffs

Green Car Congress

Marine shipping fuels will get cleaner in 2020 when a regulation by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) requires a decrease in the allowable amount of sulfur in fuel oil from 3.5% The study was led by University of Delaware’s James Corbett, and included an international team of researchers from the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) in New York and Energy and Environmental Research Associates.

2018 163