ORNL researchers 3D print pistons from aluminum alloy for testing in full-size engine

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Researchers printed pistons made of the alloy for deployment inside of a full-scale engine. of Energy. Specifically, in aluminum alloys, the use of AM could allow for the light-weighting of structural components in aerospace and automotive applications.

Engine 343

WUSTL researchers demonstrate solar-panel-powered microbial electrosynthesis to produce n-butanol from light, CO2 and power

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A team of biologists and engineers modified Rhodopseudomonas palustris TIE-1 (TIE-1) so that it can produce a biofuel using only three renewable and naturally abundant source ingredients: carbon dioxide, solar panel-generated electricity and light. The first author of the study is Wei Bai, a PhD graduate of McKelvey Engineering’s Department of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering. Researchers at Washington University in St.

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ORNL-led team developing breakthrough high-temperature, high-strength Al alloy for advanced light-duty engines

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A team led by researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is developing a lower-cost cast aluminum (Al) alloy capable of at least a 50 ˚C temperature increase over the current cylinder head alloys 319 and 356 for use in light duty engines. Having such a higher-temperature alloy for use in the head can be a game changer for light-duty engines, suggested Dr. J Allen Haynes, ORNL propulsion materials program manager. Materials for exhaust and energy recovery.

2016 223

Groupe Renault and Faurecia to collaborate on hydrogen storage systems for light commercial vehicles

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Groupe Renault and Faurecia will collaborate on hydrogen storage systems for hydrogen-powered light commercial vehicles. Starting at the end of 2021, Faurecia will supply hydrogen storage systems for a first fleet of light commercial vehicles. This collaboration on hydrogen storage systems is embedded in our strategy to offer market-ready H 2 solutions for light commercial vehicles and target over 30% share of this fast-growing market in Europe.

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Achates Power building 2.7L opposed-piston light-duty engine; exceeding CAFE 2025, Tier 3 targets at lower cost

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Stemming from a major project partially funded with a $9-million grant from the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) to develop an opposed-piston two-stroke gasoline compression ignition engine (OPGCI) ( earlier post ), Achates Power announced it is developing a 2.7-liter, 3-cylinder (i.e., six-piston) light-duty version of its opposed piston engine (OPE) in both diesel- and gasoline-fueled versions. Air pumping is decoupled from the engine cycle.

2017 217

Groupe Renault changes China strategy: light commercial vehicles and electric passenger cars

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Groupe Renault is setting a new strategy for China, based on Electric Vehicles (EV) and Light Commercial Vehicles (LCV). The Groupe Renault EV business will be developed through two existing joint ventures: eGT New Energy Automotive Co.,

2020 317

Hydrogen-engined Corolla to enter Super Taikyu Race in Autopolis

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Toyota Motor Corporation will enter a vehicle equipped with a developmental hydrogen-fueled engine at the five-hour-long Super Taikyu Race in Autopolis, which takes place from 31 July to 1 August 2021. Hydrogen engine Corolla races in the Fuji SUPER TEC 24 Hours Race.

Hyundai Mipo Dockyard receives green light from Lloyd’s Register for ammonia-fueled ships

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a unit of Korea Shipbuilding, has been given the green light for its ammonia-propelled ships from Lloyd’s Register. Hyundai Mipo Dockyard intends to commercialize the ammonia-propelled ships by 2025 in cooperation with global engine maker MAN Energy Solutions and Lloyd’s Register. Korea Shipbuilding & Offshore Engineering Co.,Ltd., Ammonia Emissions Engines Fuels Ports and MarineHyundai Mipo Dockyard Co.,

2020 183

Co-Optima FY20 report highlights advances in engines-fuels research

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These include renewable domestic biomass, such as forestry and agricultural waste, which can be combined with petroleum-based fuels to improve vehicles’ carbon footprint and engine performance. Co-Optima Emissions Engines Fuels

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Tritium, Miller providing fast chargers and light-duty EVs for mining industry

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Tritium, a global developer and manufacturer of DC fast chargers for EVs, and Miller Technology , a supplier of mobile mining equipment for safety and productivity, are partnering to provide fast chargers and light-duty battery EVs for the mining industry. Miller Technology provided BMA with their all-new, fully electric light-duty vehicle, the Relay. —Paul Summers, Miller Technology’s Lead Battery Electric Vehicle Engineer.

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UC Berkeley team develops 3D printing with light: Computed Axial Lithography

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In brief, it uses light to transform gooey liquids into complex solid objects in only a matter of minutes. We demonstrated concurrent printing of all points within a three-dimensional object by illuminating a rotating volume of photosensitive material with a dynamically evolving light pattern. mm in engineering acrylate polymers, as well as printing soft structures with exceptionally smooth surfaces into a gelatin methacrylate hydrogel.

2019 303

Prototype light metro electric trainset with supercapacitor energy storage

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CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive introduced a prototype light metro electric trainset which uses banks of supercapacitors for energy storage. Developed in conjunction with Chinese Academy of Engineering, the trainset has underfloor power pick-ups which are used to charge the roof-mounted supercapacitor unit from a fixed supply while the train is stood at a station. Energy regenerated during braking is recovered for reuse. Railway Gazette International.

2012 224

Light-powered nano-bio hybrid organisms consume CO2, create plastics and fuels

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By using light-activated quantum dots to fire particular enzymes within microbial cells, the researchers were able to create “living factories” that eat CO 2 and convert it into products such as biodegradable plastic, gasoline, ammonia and biodiesel. Here we show that seven different core-shell quantum dots (QDs), with excitations ranging from ultraviolet to near-infrared energies, couple with targeted enzyme sites in bacteria.

2019 273

ORNL researchers use stop-light cameras to reduce fuel consumption of less-efficient vehicles via traffic management

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Approximately 6 billion gallons of fuel are wasted in the US each year as vehicles wait at stop lights or sit in dense traffic with engines idling, according to US Department of Energy estimates. —Tim Gee, principal computer vision engineer at GRIDSMART.

2020 304

Cornell team suggests engineered bacteria could address current limitations of energy storage technologies

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Raising the penetration of renewable —an intermittent—sources of energy into the grid will require large scale electrical energy storage and retrieval. If successful, this could allow storage of renewable electricity through electrochemical or enzymatic fixation of carbon dioxide and subsequent storage as carbon-based energy storage molecules including hydrocarbons and non-volatile polymers at high efficiency.

2019 232

Federal Mogul develops advanced aluminum piston for high-performance light-duty diesel engines

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demands of very high-power diesel engines. BMW is the first to use the piston in its triple-turbo 3.0-liter diesel (N57D30S1) engine applied in the M550d xDrive, with a specific power output of 93 kW/liter (124 bhp/liter). downsized diesel engines with improved fuel economy and CO 2 emissions. —Arnd Baberg, Chief Engineer Piston Product Engineering, Federal-Mogul. Innovation, Powertrain Energy. Diesel Engines Materials

2012 230

Co-Optima team publishes details on its boosted SI engine research and figure of merit

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For the past four years, the US Department of Energy’s Co-Optima team ( earlier post ) has focused research efforts on turbocharged (or “boosted”) spark-ignition (SI) engines, which is the dominant combustion approach for light-duty vehicles such as passenger cars and light trucks. This research involves identifying the fuel properties and engine parameters that mitigate knock and emissions, while maximizing efficiency and performance. Co-Optima Engines Fuels

2020 264

DOE: in 2018, 27% of new light-duty vehicles in US had fuel economies > 30 mpg

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In 2018, 27% of new light-duty vehicles sold in the US had fuel economies of more than 30 miles per gallon (783 l/100 km), according to the US Department of Energy (DOE). By contrast, none of the light-duty vehicles produced in 1975 had fuel economy greater than 30 miles per gallon (mpg). Engine and vehicle technologies have been developed to improve the fuel economies of cars and light trucks, so the share of vehicles with 30 mpg or more has been increasing since 2013.

2019 207

BMW Group sourcing aluminum produced using solar energy from EGA

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Producing aluminum is extremely energy-intensive. The aluminum produced using solar power is processed in the light metal foundry at BMW Group Plant Landshut to manufacture body and drive train components, including those needed for electric drive trains.

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Lyten introduces next generation Lithium-Sulfur battery for EVs; 3X energy density of Li-ion

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The technology is optimized for the electric vehicle market and is designed to deliver three times (3X) the gravimetric energy density of conventional lithium-ion batteries. This unique material can be engineered and tuned at the molecular level to specific battery application requirements.

Researchers generate methane from CO2 in one light-driven step using engineered bacteria

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Using an engineered strain of the phototropic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris as a biocatalyst, a team from the University of Washington, Utah State University and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University have reduced carbon dioxide to methane in one enzymatic step. CH 4 in this case) from CO 2 in one enzymatic step using light energy. Metabolic route of CH 4 production by an engineered strain of R. In the study, the team found that engineered R.

2016 150

EIA: light duty vehicle energy consumption to drop 25% by 2040; increased oil production, vehicle efficiency reduce US oil and liquid imports

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Energy consumption by light-duty vehicles in the United States, AEO2013 and AEO2014, 1995-2040 (quadrillion Btu). LDV energy consumption declines in AEO2014 Reference case from 16.0 The rising fuel economy of LDVs more than offsets the modest growth in VMT, resulting in a 25% decline in LDV energy consumption decline between 2012 and 2040 in the AEO2014 Reference case. Delivered energy demand for heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) in AEO2014 increases from 5.3

2013 243

Groupe Renault and Plug Power to form JV for hydrogen-fuel-cell light commercial vehicle market in Europe

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have signed a Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU) to launch a 50-50 joint-venture based in France by the end of the first half of 2021, targeting more than 30% share of the fuel cell-powered light commercial vehicle (LCV) market in Europe. This center will be unique in combining R&D efforts of fuel cell and vehicles with integrated engineering teams. Groupe Renault and Plug Power Inc.

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Cambridge team successfully tests hybrid light aircraft; 30% fuel savings

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Researchers from the University of Cambridge, in association with Boeing, have successfully tested a light aircraft powered by a parallel hybrid-electric propulsion system, in which an electric motor and gasoline engine work together to drive the propeller. The demonstrator aircraft—based on a single-seat, ultralight Song motor glider—uses up to 30% less fuel than a comparable plane with a gasoline-only engine. Hybrid in flight. Click to enlarge.

2014 235

MIT, NASA engineers develop morphing wing

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A team of engineers has built and tested a radically new kind of airplane wing, assembled from hundreds of tiny identical pieces. The new wing design was tested in a NASA wind tunnel and is described in a paper in the journal Smart Materials and Structures , co-authored by research engineer Nicholas Cramer at NASA Ames in California; MIT alumnus Kenneth Cheung SM ’07 PhD ’12, now at NASA Ames; Benjamin Jenett, a graduate student in MIT’s Center for Bits and Atoms; and eight others.

2019 290

Avantium acquires Liquid Light; electrocatalysis to convert CO2 to chemicals

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Renewable chemicals company Avantium has acquired the assets of Liquid Light. Liquid Light has developed proprietary process technology to make major chemicals from low-cost, globally-abundant carbon dioxide. The acquisition combines the technologies of both Liquid Light and Avantium to develop a world-leading electro-catalysis platform and to commercialize new process technologies using CO 2 as feedstock to produce sustainable chemicals and materials.

2017 150

MAHLE Jet Ignition for Ferrari F1 as well as sub-200 g/kWh BSFC in light-duty engine; on-road and stationary applications

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MAHLE Powertrain has been developing Jet Ignition—a high-energy distributed ignition technology that enables homogeneous ultra-lean (λ > ∼1.6) The chemical, thermal and kinetic energy from the combustion of this small fuel-air mixture is transferred via nozzles to the main combustion chamber where it ignites the main fuel-air mixture. A 10-20% increase in fuel economy (mpg) is expected when compared to current production gasoline engines.

2016 150

CalSEED awards $4.2M to early-stage clean energy innovations

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The California Sustainable Energy Entrepreneur Development (CalSEED) program announced that the fourth cohort of innovative clean energy concepts has been approved by the California Energy Commission (CEC); 28 companies out of 212 were selected to receive grants of $150,000 each. This technology could reduce electricity/energy bills, pollution from power plants, risks of blackouts, the need for new power plants, and pollution from power plant generation.

2020 297

Renault introduces two new electric light commercial vehicles

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At the Brussels Motorshow in Belgium, Renault Pro+ introduced two new electric light commercial vehicles—New Kangoo Z.E. features a new battery, new engine, new charger, new innovative connected services, and a heat pump in the air conditioning system. is also equipped with the “Z.E.33” battery (33 kWh) and fitted with the R75, an engine of advanced energy efficiency,with output of 57 kW/76 hp, inherited from ZOE.

2017 183

Ford’s new Dagenham Diesel EcoBlue engine production line reduces energy and water use by more than 50%

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The new Ford EcoBlue diesel engine production line at Dagenham Engine Plant will reduce water and energy consumption by more than 50%. Dagenham Engine Plant is Ford’s largest diesel engine production facility globally, and produced the first EcoBlue diesel engine ( earlier post ) in April this year. Water usage per engine will be among the lowest at any Ford manufacturing facility worldwide, delivering an anticipated annual saving of 17.5

2016 190

Cummins progressing toward ATLAS Tier 2 Bin 2 fuel-efficient diesel for light-duty pickups

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In a US Department of Energy (DOE)-sponsored project, engineers at Cummins are developing a Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions compliant diesel for application in a light duty pickup (ATLAS, Advanced Technology Light Automotive Systems, earlier post ). US Light Duty Diesel Emission Standards (full useful life: 150,000 miles). The baseline engine for the work is a Euro IV-compliant inline 4-cylinder 2.8L g/mile engine-out NO x based on a modal roll-up LA-4 cycle.

2013 262

ExxonMobil predicts peak in light-duty vehicle liquid fuels ~2030, but ongoing role for oil in the mix

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ExxonMobil’s newly released Outlook for Energy: A View to 2040 anticipates that global energy needs will rise about 25% over the period to 2040, led by non-OECD countries. While the mix shifts toward lower-carbon-intensive fuels, the world will need to pursue all economic energy sources, the report says. The Outlook projects that global transportation-related energy demand will increase by close to 30% by 2040. Energy & Carbon Summary.

2018 163

Ozinga Energy and Ingevity to field adsorbed natural gas bi-fuel pickup

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Ingevity and Ozinga Energy are partnering to begin a field demonstration of adsorbed natural gas (ANG) bi-fuel pickup trucks. Under controlled depressurization, these molecules release and exit the storage system in response to the demand of the vehicle’s engine.

2020 341

First snapshots of CO2 molecules trapped in MOFs shed new light on carbon capture

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Scientists from the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have taken the first images of carbon dioxide molecules within a molecular cage—part of a metal-organic framework (MOF), with great potential for separating and storing gases and liquids. Major funding for this study came from the National Institutes of Health and the Department of Energy.

2019 197

Comparative study finds that B20 increases emission rates of a number of pollutants in both light- and medium-duty diesel engines at idle

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L engines at idle. A new study led by researchers at the University of Michigan compared regulated and unregulated emissions from both light-duty passenger car (1.7 L) diesel engines at idle and load, using a biodiesel blend (B20) and conventional ultralow sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel. Their paper appears in the ACS journal Energy & Fuels. L/2004 calibration engines. L engine manufactured by Isuzu, which is used in passenger cars in Europe and Asia.

2012 204

U. of Wisconsin RCCI combustion work progressing; modeled 53% gross indicated efficiency in a light-duty engine could result in 2x fuel savings compared to SI gasoline

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Researchers at the University of Wisconsin Engine Research Center ( ERC ) led by Dr. Rolf Reitz are developing a dual-fuel compression-ignition engine low-temperature combustion (LTC) strategy called reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) ( Earlier post.) The team has modeled a 53% gross indicated efficiency for the improved light-duty engine. Improving RCCI results in a light-duty engine. of the fuel energy.

2011 216

Hyundai introduces hydrogen fuel cell H350 light commercial van concept at IAA

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Hyundai Motor is introducing a hydrogen fuel cell concept version of its H350 light commercial van at the 2016 IAA Commercial Vehicle Show in Hannover. The powertrain study shows the potential for the company’s advanced hydrogen fuel cell technology in the light commercial vehicle (LCV) segment.

2016 224

Achates showcases 2.7L, 3-cylinder opposed piston gasoline compression ignition engine in F-150; estimated 37 mpg combined

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At the North American International Auto Show (NAIAS), Achates Power and new development parter Aramco Services ( earlier post ) showcased a Ford F-150 fitted with a 3-cylinder, 2.7-liter Opposed-Piston Gasoline Compression Ignition (OPGCI) engine. The OP engine produces 270 hp and 480 lb-ft (651 N·m). The OP Engine eliminates the cylinder head for an improved surface-area-to-volume ratio of the combustion chamber for reduced heat transfer and rejection. OP Engine.

2018 253

NPC report to Energy Secretary finds light-, medium- and heavy-duty vehicles could reduce per-mile GHG at least 40% by 2050; additional strategies required for further reductions

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Projected range of impact of demand, fuel efficiency improvements, and alternative fuel-vehicle systems on light-duty fleet GHG emissions. evolve at an accelerated rate, depending on the speed of technology advancements and the economic viability of alternative fuels and vehicles, according to a comprehensive report approved and presented to the Secretary of Energy by the National Petroleum Council (NPC). For light-duty CNG, leveraging liquid ICE fuel economy technology.

2012 210

Chrysler Group files S-1 for IPO; snapshot of R&D priorities; exploring a light-duty hydraulic hybrid

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We are focused on delivering improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions through smaller and optimized engines. Our engine mix is intentionally moving toward smaller, 4-cylinder engines.” It is focusing its efforts on five areas aimed at reducing fuel consumption and emissions: vehicle energy use (weight, aerodynamics, and rolling resistance); engines; transmissions; axles and drivelines; and hybrid propulsion and alternative fuel technologies. Engines.

2013 228

JRC study finds 8 metals for low-carbon energy technologies at risk of shortages; EVs, wind and solar, and lighting the applications of most concern

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A new European Joint Research Centre (JRC) study looking into the supply of raw materials for the manufacture of low-carbon energy technologies found that eight metals were at high risk of shortages. The applications, i.e. technologies, of particular concern as a result are electric vehicles, wind and solar energy, and lighting. Where possible, the study models the implications for materials demand as a result of the scenarios described in the EU Energy Roadmap 2050.

2013 243

UCSD team sheds light on mechanism of sulfur embrittlement of nickel

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Engineers at the University of California San Diego have shed new light on the atomic-level mechanism of the sulfur embrittlement of nickel, a classic problem that has puzzled the scientific community for nearly a century. The study was led by Jian Luo, a professor of nanoengineering and materials science and engineering at the UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering.

2018 150

US DRIVE releases comprehensive cradle-to-grave analysis of light-duty vehicle GHGs, cost of driving and cost of avoided GHGs

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The US DRIVE Cradle-to-Grave Working Group has published the “Cradle-to-Grave Lifecycle Analysis of US Light-Duty Vehicle-Fuel Pathways: A Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economic Assessment of Current (2015) and Future (2025–2030) Technologies” Argonne National Lab Report. Light-Duty Vehicle-Fuel Pathways: A Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economic Assessment of Current (2015) and Future (2025-2030) Technologies” ANL/ESD-16/7.

2016 230