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DOE Selects Seven Projects for University Coal Research Program

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy has selected 7 projects to participate in the University Coal Research (UCR) program. The projects aim to improve the basic understanding of the chemical and physical processes that govern coal conversion and utilization, by-product utilization, and technological development for advanced energy systems. University of California, Merced, Calif. Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. University of Missouri, Kansas City, Mo.

2010 185

DOE Awarding More Than $3.3M to 7 Universities To Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Studies for Advanced Coal-Based Power Generation

Green Car Congress

million to 7 universities to conduct advanced turbine technology studies under the Office of Fossil Energy’s (FE) University Turbine Systems Research (UTSR) Program. The universities—located in Georgia, Texas, North Dakota, Louisiana, California, and New York—will investigate the technology needed for the efficient operation of turbines using coal-derived synthesis gas (syngas) and high hydrogen content (HHC) fuels. University of Texas at Austin , Austin, Texas.

2010 185

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Sustainable Rail International, U of Minnesota partner to develop most powerful carbon-neutral locomotive, using new steam engine and biocoal

Green Car Congress

The Coalition for Sustainable Rail (CSR)—a collaboration of the University of Minnesota’s Institute on the Environment (IonE) and the nonprofit Sustainable Rail International (SRI)— plans to develop what it calls the most powerful carbon-neutral locomotive to date, proving the viability of solid biofuel and modern steam locomotive technology.

2012 248

Researchers in China investigate use of coal as source of lithium

Green Car Congress

Coal could become a major source of the metal lithium, according to a review of the geochemistry by scientists from Hebei University of Engineering in China published in the International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology. Shenjun Qin of Hebei University of Engineering, in Handan, China, and colleagues point out that coal is a highly polluting energy source that is still widely used for electricity generation and other applications.

2015 179

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

Green Car Congress

A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 200

Royal Academy of Engineering Report Says EV Success Depends on Low-Carbon Electricity, Universal Broadband Provision and Smart Grids

Green Car Congress

The introduction of electric vehicles on a large scale in the UK can only have a beneficial effect on CO 2 emissions if low-carbon electricity, universal broadband provision and smart grids are in place to support the transition, according to a new report published by the UK Royal Academy of Engineering. When most electricity in Britain is still generated by burning gas and coal, the difference between an electric car and a small, low-emission petrol or diesel car is negligible.

2010 225

DOE to award up to $14M to 6 new projects to advance IGCC with carbon capture technology for coal-fired plants

Green Car Congress

The selected projects are intended to improve the economics of IGCC plants and promote the use of the US’abundant coal resources. For example, a 60%-efficient gasification power plant can cut the formation of carbon dioxide by 40% compared to a typical coal combustion plant, the DOE said. The projects support the Department’s goal of using gasification to provide power from coal with 90% carbon capture, utilization, and storage at minimal increase in the cost of electricity.

2011 170

Accelergy Licenses EERC Technology for Coal Biomass to Synthetic Jet Fuels Process

Green Car Congress

Accelergy Corporation, an advanced coal-to-liquids company, has formed a strategic partnership with the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota. Under the terms of a new agreement, Accelergy will license EERC’s proprietary technology as part of its Coal Biomass to Liquids (CBTL) process to accelerate the development of specialty liquid jet fuels used by the military from non-petroleum sources.

2009 170

DOE selects 16 research projects for more than $19M in funding to advance Solid Oxide Fuel Cell technology

Green Car Congress

The 400 kilowatt SOFC prototype system represents an important advancement in SOFC technology development and demonstration toward the ultimate goal of deploying SOFCs in highly efficient coal-based central generation systems with carbon capture. The University of South Carolina. The Tennessee Technological University. The project team will tailor the thermal spray process and engineer the powder microstructure to produce high performing SOFC. Montana State University.

2015 205

University of Calgary Study Finds Large-Scale Adoption of PHEVs in Alberta Could Support Wind Power; PHEV GHG Benefits Range from 40-90% in Emissions Reduction

Green Car Congress

The environmental benefit of a large-scale deployment of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in the Canadian province of Alberta could vary significantly, ranging from a 40% to a 90% reduction in greenhouse gases, according to a study by electrical engineers at the University of Calgary’s Schulich School of Engineering. More than 90% of electricity in Alberta is produced by methods that emit greenhouse gases: burning coal, oil or natural gas.

2009 163

DOE awarding ~$44M to seven carbon capture projects

Green Car Congress

The projects will target one of two areas: 1) engineering-scale testing of transformational solvent- or membrane-based carbon dioxide (CO?) capture system at an existing coal-fueled generating unit. The following four projects were selected under Area of Interest 1, Scaling of Carbon Capture Technologies to Engineering Scales Using Existing Host Site Infrastructure: Organization. RTI International. SRI International. ION Engineering, LLC.

2018 210

New full LCA highlights complexity of environmental advantages and disadvantages of EVs relative to ICE vehicles; the importance of life cycle thinking

Green Car Congress

Researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) have compared the emissions resulting from the production, use, and end-of-life of electric and internal combustion engine vehicles (EVs and ICEVs) in a full life-cycle analysis (LCA). However, it is counterproductive to promote EVs in regions where electricity is produced from oil, coal, and lignite combustion. Batteries Electric (Battery) Engines Lifecycle analysis

2012 253

That Super Sexy Clean Tech Roundtable, Part II of a Greenius Exclusive

Creative Greenius

And the brilliance of Elon Musk and the brainiacs he’s put together on his Tesla team is that they’re savvy enough to have made the Roadster a sexy, California, hardbody piece of eye candy in addition to making it 400% more efficient than any internal combustion engine vehicle ever. Bonnie Reiss, Pegasus Capital Advisors and University of California Regent (c) 2009 Joe Galliani.

2009 174

Renewable-methanol fueled Geely cars in fleet testing in Iceland; 70% reduction in WTW CO2 compared to gasoline

Green Car Congress

Geely is a shareholder ($45.5-million investment in 2015) in Carbon Recycling International ( CRI ), an Icelandic company which produces renewable methanol using recycled CO 2 emissions sourced from a local thermal power plant and hydrogen made by splitting water with electrolysis (Power-to-Methanol). It features a 1.8-liter, 127 hp engine which can run on both 100% methanol (M100) and gasoline. Currently, China produces most of its methanol from coal.

2017 163

IEA: improving efficiency of road-freight transport critical to reduce oil-demand growth; three areas of focus

Green Car Congress

Improving the efficiency of road-freight transport is critical to reducing the growth in oil demand, carbon emissions and air pollution over the next decades, according to the International Energy Agency’s latest report, The Future of Trucks: Implications for energy and the environment. New trucks can use additional technologies that cut idling, use lightweight materials and take advantage of improvements to truck engines, transmissions and drivetrains.

2017 150

DOE awarding $72M to 27 projects to develop and advance carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture

Green Car Congress

Under this cost-shared research and development (R&D), DOE is awarding $51 million to nine new projects for coal and natural gas power and industrial sources. Under the first FOA (DE-FOA-0002187), Capture Research and Development (R&D): Engineering Scale Testing from Coal- and Natural-Gas-Based Flue Gas and Initial Engineering Design for Industrial Sources, DOE selected nine projects to receive $51 million for cost-shared R&D.

2020 203

IEA report calls for no investment in new fossil fuel supply and end to sales of ICE cars by 2035

Green Car Congress

The world has a viable pathway to building a global energy sector with net-zero emissions in 2050, but it is narrow and requires an unprecedented transformation of how energy is produced, transported and used globally, according to a new special report from the International Energy Agency (IEA). These include, from today, no investment in new fossil fuel supply projects, and no further final investment decisions for new unabated coal plants.

New membrane technology for Post-Combustion Carbon Capture begins pilot-scale test

Green Car Congress

A new carbon capture technology sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE) for economically capturing 90% of the carbon dioxide emitted from a coal-burning power plant has begun pilot-scale testing. MTR), uses a specially designed CO 2 -selective membrane—a micro-porous film that acts as a semi-permeable barrier—to separate CO 2 from other gases, such as nitrogen, in a coal-burning plant’s flue gas.

2015 219

Hydrogenics to supply 1MW electrolyzer to project converting CO2 to methanol; Power-to-Gas

Green Car Congress

Hydrogenics Corporation will supply a 1MW electrolyzer and provide engineering expertise to a consortium of companies working on the European project MefCO2 (methanol fuel from CO 2 ) in Germany.

2015 234

HEI report identifies potential health consequences from new vehicle fuels and technologies; recommended actions

Green Car Congress

SCET—co-chaired by Tina Vujovich (formerly of Cummins Engine, Inc.) and Alan Lloyd (President of the International Council on Clean Transportation and former Secretary of the California EPA)—includes leading national and international experts from government, industry, academia, and the non-profit sector. SCR systems are being introduced to control the emissions of NO x from diesel engines. 1- and 3-month) animal exposure studies for GDI engine exposures.

2011 161

KLM Testing MDI AirPod Compressed Air Cars at Schiphol; UC Berkeley Study Finds Compressed Air Cars Significantly Less Efficient than Battery Electric Vehicles

Green Car Congress

France-based MDI (Moteur Development International), the developer of a compressed air powertrain and several derivative vehicles, officially handed over the keys to two AirPods to KLM earlier in December. The AirPod is one of five derivative vehicles designed by MDI based on its Compressed Air Engine (CAE) invented by Guy Negre, CEO and founder of MDI. The core of MDI’s work is a piston engine powered by the expansion of electronically injected compressed air. The AirPod.

2009 224

FAA approves Alcohol-to-Jet biofuel

Green Car Congress

In collaboration with the aviation industry, the FAA approves new renewable jet fuel pathways through ASTM International. The FAA’s Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions and Noise (CLEEN) partnership with industry was crucial in completing the necessary steps to support ASTM International approval of this new fuel. These fuels can also be made from fossil resources such as coal and natural gas.

2016 150

ARPA-E Awards $151M to 37 Projects for Transformative Energy Research

Green Car Congress

Arizona State University, in partnership with Fluidic Energy Inc., RTI International will work with ADM, Albemarle and ConocoPhillips to develop a novel single-step catalytic biomass pyrolysis process with high carbon conversion efficiency to produce stable bio-crude oil with low oxygen content. Teaming with Ohio State University are PSRI, CONSOL Energy, Shell/CRI, and Babcock and Wilcox to accelerate this technology towards commercialization and deployment. Wave Disk Engine.

2009 200

Masdar, RTI and US DOE partner in carbon capture research project using solid sorbent technology

Green Car Congress

Masdar is collaborating with RTI International, an independent non-profit research institute, on research project examining the use of solid sorbent technology for the capture of carbon dioxide from coal and gas-fired power station flue gases, targeting a significant cost reduction in carbon dioxide capture over the best available technology today.

2011 191

Univ of Toronto study details impacts of interaction between driving patterns and electricity generation for WTW energy use and GHG emissions for PHEVs

Green Car Congress

A new study by researchers at the University of Toronto examines the impact of the interaction between driving patterns (distance and conditions) and the mode of electricity generation (e.g., coal, hydro, natural gas) on well-to-wheel (WTW) energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). 100% coal (pulverized coal boiler). natural gas on the margin in a region otherwise dominated by coal).

2012 185

Study finds household and outdoor air pollution contributes to more than 5.5 million premature deaths worldwide per year

Green Car Congress

—Michael Brauer, a professor at the University of British Columbia’s School of Population and Public Health. In China, burning coal is the biggest contributor to poor air quality. Qiao Ma, a PhD student at the School of Environment, Tsinghua University in Beijing, China, found that outdoor air pollution from coal alone caused an estimated 366,000 deaths in China in 2013.

2016 150

Could plug-in advancements help wind power?

Green Cars News

We all know the primary benefit of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) becoming a mainstream alternative to conventional internal combustion engines is to cut vehicle emissions. According to a study by electrical engineers at the University of Calgary, a large-scale deployment of PHEVs across the province could lead to a 40-90 per cent reduction in greenhouse gases and also prompt a major boost to the wind power industry.

Wind 39

National Research Council Report Concludes FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Should Continue to Include Fuel Cells and Other Hydrogen Technologies in Research Portfolio

Green Car Congress

Although the partnership’s recent shift of focus toward technologies that could be ready for use in the nearer term—such as advanced combustion engines and plug-in electric vehicles—is warranted, the new report says, R&D on hydrogen and fuel cells is also needed given the high costs and challenges that many of the technologies must overcome before widespread use. Tags: Batteries Electric (Battery) Engines Fuel Cells Fuels Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Storage

2010 185

DOE to award ~$13.5M to 16 R&D projects for solid-oxide fuel cell technologies

Green Car Congress

SOFC technologies enable efficient, cost-effective electricity generation from abundant domestic coal and natural gas resources, with minimal use of water and near-zero atmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide and pollutants. Michigan State University researchers will evaluate the benefit of using a new silver-nickel metal system for circuit paste applications. Chromium-Tolerant, Highly Active and Stable Electrocatalytic Internal Surface Coating for Cathode of Commercial SOFCs.

2018 163

Argonne National Laboratory to lead US consortium for new CERC medium- and heavy-duty truck technical track; 50% boost in efficiency

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) selected Argonne National Laboratory to lead a consortium of university, private sector and national laboratory partners for a new, medium- and heavy-duty truck technical track under the US-China Clean Energy Research Center ( CERC ) Truck Research Utilizing Collaborative Knowledge (TRUCK) program. Freightliner Custom Chassis Corporation; Ohio State University; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Purdue University; and the University of Michigan.

2016 150

INCITE supercomputing grants awarded to 56 projects; sustainable energy to next-gen materials

Green Car Congress

Among 2016 INCITE award recipients: Martin Berzins of the University of Utah received 351 million core hours to study ultra super critical coal boilers, leading to improved efficiency and new designs for safer next-generation coal boilers. Jonathan Poggie of Purdue University received 150 million core hours to study turbulent flows as they relate to high-speed aircraft in an effort to make more efficient, safer, high-speed commercial aircraft as well as spacecraft.

2015 184

New inventory of black carbon emissions from China finds 2007 levels higher than previously reported

Green Car Congress

The paper by researchers from Peking University and Environment Canada appears in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology. 1970); national data from the International Energy Agency (IEA) (1971? As a result, the use of coal from small local mines is included in the provincial statistics, but not in the national statistics. BC emissions from motor vehicles were primarily from diesel engines (85%). BC emission map of China at 0.1° × 0.1° for year 2007.

2007 229

CMU/DAI study finds shutting down US nuclear plants would have significant negative economic and environmental consequences

Green Car Congress

Shutting down nuclear power plants in the US would have significant economic and environmental consequences, according to a new study by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and DAI Management Consultants, Inc. Shifting from nuclear to other types of power plants could affect the reliability of the electricity supply, electricity costs, air pollution, carbon emissions, and the reliance on fossil fuels such as coal and natural gas, the researchers said.

2011 179

Cummins Power Generation Provides Generator for Biomass Syngas Demonstration Project at the EERC

Green Car Congress

The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota, in partnership with Cummins Power Generation, Inc., The EERC’s gasification unit can convert a range of fuels, such as forestry, agricultural, and industrial biomass waste; animal waste; waste plastics; and railroad ties or cable poles as well as a range of coals, into clean syngas.

2010 170

Energy Secretary Chu says US faces a new Sputnik Moment in Chinas clean energy successes

Green Car Congress

Advanced Coal Technologies. China is rapidly deploying supercritical and ultra-supercritical coal combustion plants, which have fewer emissions and are more efficient than conventional coal plants because they burn coal at much higher temperatures and pressures. Last month, the Tianhe-1A, developed by China’s National University of Defense Technology, became the world’s fastest supercomputer.

2010 277

Measurements of CO2 and CO in China’s Air Indicate Sharply Improved Combustion Efficiency

Green Car Congress

The findings, published in the 21 September issue of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , are generally consistent with official Chinese government statistics and could bolster their credibility as international negotiations proceed on commitments of China and other nations to combat climate change. Inefficient processes like wood- and coal-burning in domestic stoves convert less than 90 percent of the carbon fuel to CO 2 , releasing the remainder as CO and wasting some of the energy.

2010 179

Anellotech, IFPEN and Axens partner on bio-aromatics production from non-food biomass; targeting 2019 for industrial implementation

Green Car Congress

Based on Anellotech’s innovative proprietary CFP technology, patents licensed from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, and Axens’ proprietary post-treatment hydrotreating process, this new technology will open the way to a competitive production of bio-aromatics from renewable resources with lower energy consumption and lower CO 2 emissions. It has an international scope, covering the fields of energy, transport and the environment. Anellotech Inc.,

2015 170

Naysayer Alert – the hydrogen red herring

My Electric Car

There has been much discussion for over thirty years or more around the use of hydrogen fuel cells as an alternative to the internal combustion engine. Fuel cells had been promoted in some sectors as the best alternative to the internal combustion engine.

2020 52

Newcastle Univ. researchers say expansion of Panama Canal could help reduce carbon footprint of marine industry

Green Car Congress

In a paper published this month in the International Journal of Maritime Engineering , Paul Stott and Dr Peter Wright of Newcastle University, UK, suggest that the $6-billion Panama Canal expansion program offers the marine industry as a whole an opportunity to reduce its environmental impact. the shipping of grain, ore, coal and so on—which result directly from the expansion of the canal.

Panama 216

Reaction Design Upgrades ENERGICO for Use in Liquid-Fueled Turbine Applications; Detailed Chemistry for Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Jet Fuels

Green Car Congress

Reaction Design is bundling the latest release of its ENERGICO software with detailed kinetic mechanisms for both gaseous and liquid fuels, enabling substantially more accurate predictions of engine stability and emissions performance. Because we include the mechanisms with the software download, aviation engine designers can immediately begin to see the predictive accuracy benefits of using detailed chemistry with the new liquid-fuel enhancements in this release of ENERGICO.

2010 179

U. Mich study: natural-gas-based ICE, BEV and FCV all show promise for environmental benefits relative to conventional ICE

Green Car Congress

Results of a lifecycle analysis by a team at the University of Michigan suggest that multiple types of natural gas-powered vehicles—i.e., The fleets studied are BEVs, using electricity generated from natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plants; CNGVs, which are internal combustion engine vehicles modified to burn compressed natural gas; and FCVs powered by hydrogen produced from steam methane reforming (SMR) of natural gas.

2014 191

DOE Selects 19 Projects to Monitor and Evaluate Geologic CO2 Storage

Green Car Congress

Coal supplies nearly 50% of domestic electricity. In order for low-cost electricity from coal-fired power plants to remain available, the DOE said, economical methods for capturing and storing the greenhouse gas emissions from these plants must be developed. Columbia University , New York, N.Y. Montana State University , Bozeman, Mont. Stanford University , Stanford, Calif. University of Miami Rosenstiel School , Miami, Fla.

2009 196

DARPA SubT Finals: Meet the Teams

Cars That Think

University of Nevada, Reno. University of California, Berkeley. Norwegian University for Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway. California State University Channel Islands. Lulea University of Technology, Sweden. Czech Technological University, Czech Republic.