Cummins to introduce 15-liter natural gas engine for North America; basis for hydrogen engine under development

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will bring to market a 15-liter natural gas engine for heavy-duty trucks. The 15-liter natural gas engine is an important part of Cummins strategy for its path to zero emissions. —Srikanth Padmanabhan, President, Engine Business, Cummins. Cummins Inc.

From Engineering Intern to Chairman of Tata

Cars That Think

FROM ENGINEERING INTERN TO MANAGER. Two months into the internship, the company offered him a job as an engineer after he graduated. During his nearly 35 years there, he rose through the ranks, switching from engineering to management in the 1990s. Tata Sons.

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International team develops strategy for higher-loading single atom catalysts

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Rice University engineers have led the development of a process that uses functionalized graphene quantum dots to trap transition metals for higher metal loading single-atom catalysis. Credit: Wang Group/Rice University).

University of Michigan researchers lay out hurdles for Li-metal, solid-state batteries

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In a perspective piece in the journal Joule , researchers at the University of Michigan lay out the main questions facing lithium-metal, solid-state batteries.

UCR researchers find commercial fast-charging damages EV batteries, propose new internal-resistance-based technique

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In order to make EVs more competitive with combustion engine vehicles, development of an effective fast charging technique is inevitable. They also charged a set using a new fast-charging algorithm based on the battery’s internal resistance, which interferes with the flow of electrons.

2020 414

International bioenergy research team sequences miscanthus genome

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An international research team has sequenced the full genome of an ornamental variety of miscanthus, a wild perennial grass emerging as a prime candidate for sustainable bioenergy crops. The study relied on extensive field collections over several growing seasons at the University of Illinois that captured the plant’s full life cycle. Having multiple copies of chromosomes allows for larger plants and more genetic diversity while providing more targets for genetic engineers.

2020 161

SAE International and General Motors launch AutoDrive Challenge II; Level 4 autonomy

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SAE International announced the launch of the SAE AutoDrive Challenge II through a continued partnership with GM. Teams will be selected using a Request for Proposal (RFP) process which will be open to universities later in 2020.

2020 240

New public analytical model from Rice University helps fine-tune battery performance

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A simpler and more efficient way to predict performance will lead to better batteries, according to Rice University engineers. The method is 100,000 times faster than current modeling techniques.

2020 241

DOE invests $65M at national laboratories and US universities to advance nuclear technology

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The awards fall under DOE’s nuclear energy programs called the Nuclear Energy University Program (NEUP), the Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies (NEET), and the Nuclear Science User Facilities (NSUF). Nuclear Energy University Program ($55M). million through NEUP to support 57 university-led nuclear energy research and development projects in 24 states. Additionally, 21 university-led projects will receive more than $5.7

2020 195

Rheinmetall and Tongji University set up joint lab for new energy vehicle technology; focus on fuel cells

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Rheinmetall AG, the German technology group, and Tongji University in Shanghai have recently set up a joint lab to foster cooperation in new energy vehicle technology. Pierburg, a subsidiary of Rheinmetall, is further developing its existing technologies in pumps and valves for internal combustion engines to the application in alternative drive trains, such as fuel cells and other new energy vehicles.

Empa and partners exploring DME as fuel with new heavy-duty test engine

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Empa, together with FPT Motorenforschung AG Arbon, Politechnico di Milano, lubricant manufacturer Motorex and other partners, is exporing the use of DME as a fuel for heavy-duty engines. The diesel engine on the Empa test facility was tuned to DME. We already know this engine very well.

2020 333

International consortium working on new sensor technology to measure real-world, in-use vehicle emissions

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As part of the Horizon 2020 research project CARES (City Air Remote Emission Sensing), an international research consortium is working on new contactless exhaust measurement methods that will enable municipalities to take emission-reducing measures. —Alexander Bergmann, head of the Institute of Electronic Sensor Systems at Graz University of Technology. TU Graz (Institute of Electronic Sensor Systems; Institute of Internal Combustion Engines and Thermodynamics; AT).

2019 204

Insight into benzene formation could help development of cleaner combustion engines

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The researchers say that their findings, recently published in an open-access paper in the journal Science Advances , are key to understanding how the universe evolved with the growth of carbon compounds. That insight could also help the car industry make cleaner combustion engines.

China Yuchai International introduces prototype Euro VI-compliant diesel engine

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China Yuchai International Limited announced that its main operating subsidiary, Guangxi Yuchai Machinery Company Limited (GYMCL), recently introduced China’s first prototype diesel engine—based on its 8.4-liter YC6L platform—compliant with Euro VI emission standards. The engine further uses selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technology and particulate filters (DPF), to further reduce NO x and particulate emissions to meet the Euro VI standards.

2011 196

SAE International selects GM’s Larry Nitz for Edward N. Cole Award for Automotive Engineering Innovation

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SAE International announced that Larry T. Cole Award for Automotive Engineering Innovation. Nitz leads GM’s Global Transmission and Electrification team, with engineering operations in North America, Europe, South America and Asia. His career has spanned nearly 40 years with GM, allowing him to work on gasoline engines, manual and automatic transmissions, propulsion and vehicle controls, and hybrid and electric systems.

2016 150

Jaguar Land Rover investing $1.6M in two new Centers of Excellence for Engine Combustion Research at Oxford and University College London; gasoline and diesel

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Jaguar Land Rover announced the creation of two new Centers of Excellence for Engine Combustion Research at two leading UK universities. million) investment will be shared equally between University College London (UCL) and the University of Oxford to support the development of new research facilities and fund two 5-year study programs. Each center will focus on specific combustion technologies, both targeting higher engine efficiency.

2014 214

South Dakota School of Mines & Technology vying to establish international center for solid-state batteries

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The South Dakota School of Mines & Technology is vying to establish an international center to develop solid-state batteries which will be safer, cheaper, smaller and more efficient than lithium ion batteries. The center would be a huge economic boost to both SD Mines as well as the state of South Dakota, says Dr. Alevtina Smirnova, an associate professor of chemistry and applied biological sciences and electrical and computer engineering at Mines.

EcoMotors establishes R&D Center with Hunan University to develop opoc engine technology in China

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EM), developer of opposed-piston opposed-cylinder (opoc) engine technology, has established a joint research and development center together with Hunan University (HNU) in Changsha to further develop and adapt their technology for the Chinese market. The announcement comes shortly after the company announced the formation of a joint venture with First Auto Works Jingye Engine Company (FAW JY) to develop, manufacture, sell and service the opoc engine technology in China.

2014 199

Daimler, Tsinghua University deepen joint research cooperation on sustainable transportation; automated driving and intelligent mobility

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Daimler and Chinese partner Tsinghua University signed an agreement further to deepen their research cooperation in the fields of automated driving and intelligent mobility. Established in 2012, the Center has served as an important joint effort combining Daimler’s innovation capabilities with Tsinghua University’s academic strengths in automotive research. China today plays a leading role not only in terms of its automotive industry, but as an overall engine for innovation.

2018 236

New flying/driving robot developed at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

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An experimental robot drone that flies like a typical quadcopter, drives on tough terrain and squeezes into tight spaces using the same motors, has been developed by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers. The hybrid FSTAR (flying sprawl-tuned autonomous robot) will be introduced at the International Conference on Robotics and Automation 2019 in Montréal on 21 May.

2019 204

Researchers demonstrate continuous detonation in rotating detonation rocket engine with H2/O2

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A team from the University of Central Florida (UCF) and the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) has demonstrated continuous detonation in a rotating detonation rocket engine (RDRE) ( earlier post ) powered by H 2 /O 2 propellants. Aviation Engines

2020 304

ORNL, HTS International to collaborate on manufacturing research; conformal cooling

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HTS International Corporation and the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have signed an agreement to explore potential collaborations in advanced manufacturing research such as in conformal cooling. Oak Ridge National Laboratory and HTS International are exploring collaborations in advanced manufacturing research such as conformal cooling. The iTherm design process incorporates data from simulations to engineer cooling solutions.

2017 174

University at Buffalo-led team reports viable Mn-based catalyst for PEM fuel cells

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A University at Buffalo-led research team has developed an efficient platinum group metal (PGM)-free catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in PEM fuel cells that consists of atomically dispersed nitrogen-coordinated single Mn sites on partially graphitic carbon (Mn-N-C). —lead author Gang Wu, PhD, associate professor of chemical and biological engineering in UB’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

2018 204

Russia’s KRET develops universal charging stations for electric vehicles

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KRET, part of Rostec, has developed the FORA universal charging stations for the rapid charging of electric vehicles in Russia and abroad. Prototypes will be presented at the KRET pavilion during the 3 rd international forum Engineering Technologies-2014. The universal charging station was developed in particular for the VAZ-1817 EL LADA vehicle and can provide an electric charge for 220 V AC batteries.

Russia 210

Japanese team developing direct-injection hydrogen internal combustion engine for heavy-duty trucks

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Researchers from Tokyo City University and the National Traffic Safety and Environment Lab in Japan are developing a multi-cylinder direct-injection spark-ignition (DISI) hydrogen internal combustion engine (ICE) for application in heavy-duty vehicles. Separately, Tokyo City University, in cooperation with Hino, unveiled a hydrogen-powered truck offering roughly the same performance level as a diesel-engine hybrid model. Tags: Engines Hydrogen Japan

2010 210

Michigan State University Receives $2.5M ARPA-E Award to Build Wave Disc Engine/Generator for Series Hybrid Applications

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Schematic model of a wave disk engine, showing combustion and shockwaves within the channels. Researchers from Michigan State University have been awarded $2.5 million from the Department of Energy’s ARPA-E program ( earlier post ) to complete its prototype development of a new gasoline-fueled wave disc engine and electricity generator that promises to be five times more efficient than traditional auto engines in electricity production, 20% lighter, and 30% cheaper to manufacture.

2009 256

Researchers use internal strain to optimize metal catalysts for applications such as fuel cells

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A team from Johns Hopkins University, Purdue University and the University of California at Irvine has developed a new strategy to tailor and to optimize the reactivity of metal catalysts in applications such as fuel cells. —Jeffrey Greeley, professor of chemical engineering at Purdue.

2019 170

Sustainable Rail International, U of Minnesota partner to develop most powerful carbon-neutral locomotive, using new steam engine and biocoal

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The Coalition for Sustainable Rail (CSR)—a collaboration of the University of Minnesota’s Institute on the Environment (IonE) and the nonprofit Sustainable Rail International (SRI)— plans to develop what it calls the most powerful carbon-neutral locomotive to date, proving the viability of solid biofuel and modern steam locomotive technology.

Wuhan University team proposes structure-variable sliding mode control of IPMSM in EVs

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Researchers at Wuhan University of Science and Technology in China have proposed a control method based on a speed loop structure-variable sliding mode controller (SMC) for interior permanent magnet synchronous motors in electric vehicles. In an open access paper on their work is published in the journal Advances In Mechanical Engineering , the team reports that their method can improve motor performance with more stable speed and torque output.

2018 190

International team discovers family of fungal enzymes that degrades xylans in wood biomass

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An international team of researchers has discovered a new family of enzymes found in fungi (fungal lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases, LPMOs) that are capable of breaking down xylans—a recalcitrant polysaccharide abundant in wood biomass. Indeed, the xylan problem is so severe that consideration is being given to engineering energy crops modified to contain fewer recalcitrant xylans.

2018 183

Bristol University team develops new 3D printing technique for composites

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A team of engineers at the University of Bristol has developed a new type of 3D printing that can print composite materials. Our work has shown the first example of 3D printing with real-time control over the distribution of an internal microstructure and it demonstrates the potential to produce rapid prototypes with complex microstructural arrangements.

2016 163

NIST, partners create new international standard to improve sustainable manufacturing

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A public-private team led by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has created a new international standard that can “map” the critically important environmental aspects of manufacturing processes, leading to significant improvements in sustainability while keeping a product’s life cycle low cost and efficient. —NIST systems engineer Kevin Lyons, who chaired the ASTM committee that developed the manufacturing sustainability standard.

2016 150

University of Tennessee to head $250M advanced composites manufacturing institute; Ford, Honda and Volkswagen members

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The Department of Energy and a consortium of 122 companies, nonprofits, and universities led by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville will invest more than $250 million—$70 million in federal funds and more than $180 million in non-federal funds—to launch a Manufacturing Innovation Institute for Advanced Composites—the fifth institute to be awarded of the eight national institute competitions launched earlier ( earlier post ).

2015 200

International team uncovers mechanisms of VW, Fiat software defeat device code

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An international team of researchers has uncovered the mechanisms of two families of software defeat devices for diesel engines: one used by the Volkswagen Group to pass emissions tests in the US and Europe, and a second found in Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. Electronic engine control has also made it easier to circumvent emissions testing by implementing a defeat device in software.

2017 183

University College Dublin Study finds Prius IV hybrids drive >60% of the time in zero-emissions mode under Irish conditions

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A new study carried out by University College Dublin (UCD) academics has found that under typical Irish commuting conditions, the Toyota Prius IV (fourth-generation) hybrid ( earlier post ) drives in zero emissions mode (ZEV) for significantly more than half (62%) of the time and more than 40% (40.4%) of the distance covered. The research consisted of recording and analyzing commuting data from seven volunteers—all of whom are employees of University College Dublin.

2019 175

GM to participate in Shanghai EV International Pilot City Partnership

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General Motors signed a letter of intent to participate in the Shanghai EV International Pilot City Partnership during the 2011 International Forum on Electric Vehicle Pilot City and Industrial Development. The Shanghai EV International Pilot City Partnership was organized by the Society of Automotive Engineers of China, the Jiading District Shanghai International Automobile City Management Committee Office and Tongji University.

2011 199

International Study Explores Combustion Chemistry of Biofuels

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A paper on the work is on the cover of the 10 May edition of the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition. Participating research institutions included Bielefeld University (Germany); Cornell University (US); Sandia National Laboratories (US); University of Science and Technology of China (China); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (US) and North Carolina State University (US).

2010 191

ARPA-E awards $2M to Achates Power for opposed-piston engine for hybrids; U Mich, Nissan partners

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Achates Power was awarded $2 million in funding from the US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) for the development of a Highly-efficient Opposed-Piston Engine (HOPE) for Hybrid Vehicles. Achates Power has partnered with the University of Michigan and Nissan Motor Company., The project builds on the successful development of the OP Engine and expands our research and development into the hybrid and range-extender market.

2019 207

York, Empa study finds retrofitting of VW diesel engines was successful

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On the opening day of the Frankfurt International Motor Show (IAA), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a Notice of Violation: VW diesel engines with 1.6 In many countries, the EA 189 engines manufactured by the VW group had to be retrofitted with software or hardware updates. Now—almost five years later—a study by the University of York and Empa shows that the retrofitting was successful from an environmental point of view.

2020 184

University of Manchester leading £2.7M project to image jet engine emissions; pinning down some of the benefits of novel biofuels

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The University of Manchester (UK) is leading the £2.7 Together with academic and commercial partners including the Universities of Southampton and Strathclyde, Rolls-Royce, Shell, Covesion, Fianium and OptoSci, Manchester academics will lead the four-year study. million by EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council), with the companies providing more than £500,000 in support. million (US$4.24

2011 179

Daimler and Tsinghua University extend and expand research cooperation in China

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Daimler Greater China and Beijing’s Tsinghua University have signed a contract to continue and further to expand their research cooperation begun in 2012 for another 3 years. The Tsinghua University Daimler Joint Research Center for Sustainable Transportation, funded by an annual contribution of more than 3 million RMB (US$472,000) by Daimler, is supporting future-oriented research projects relating to sustainable transportation in the China-specific road environment context.

2015 184

New international study finds lab testing of diesel NOx emissions underestimates real-world levels by up to 50%

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A new international study has found that laboratory tests of nitrogen oxide emissions from diesel vehicles significantly underestimate the real-world emissions by as much as 50%. The research, led by the International Council on Clean Transportation and Environmental Health Analytics, LLC., —Josh Miller, researcher at the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT).

2017 201

Calls for an international 48V electrical standard for vehicles; looming WLTP implementation

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At the 2 nd International Conference Automotive 48 V Power Supply Systems , held last week in Düsseldorf, Germany, Controlled Power Technologies (CPT), a major sponsor of the event, together with leading car makers and Tier 1 suppliers, argued the need for an internationally agreed 48V electrical standard. This means that in addition the power demand is more difficult to achieve with engine downsizing and transmission down-speeding alone.

2014 218