Insight into benzene formation could help development of cleaner combustion engines

Green Car Congress

That insight could also help the car industry make cleaner combustion engines. The industrial processes behind crude oil refineries and the inner-workings of gas-powered combustion engines can emit PAHs, which can form into toxic air pollutants such as soot.

As states use less coal for electricity, driving electric vehicles becomes even cleaner

Green Car Congress

These results indicate that coal and oil are the energy sources leading to most emissions, and that hydro, wind, and nuclear are the energy sources leading to least emissions. On the two extremes, coal and oil result in about 176 times the emissions from hydro.

2020 352
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IEA: Estonia is pioneering technologies for more efficient and cleaner use of oil shale

Green Car Congress

An article in the latest issue of IEA Energy: The Journal of the International Energy Agency reports that Estonia, which has the most developed oil shale industry in the world, is collaborating in pursuing wider use of oil shale in a cleaner, more sustainable manner. liquids produced from shale formation via techniques such as hydraulic fracturing—oil shale is a sedimentary rock containing up to 50% organic matter rich in hydrogen, known as kerogen. Oil shale.

BNL team uses nc-AFM to find sulfur and nitrogen atoms in crude oil molecules

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the Center for Functional Nanomaterials at Brookhaven National Laboratory and users from ExxonMobil have developed a new approach to identifying atoms that are neither carbon nor hydrogen within a specific type of molecule in crude oil. Emissions Fuels Oil

2019 235

EU research project IDEALFUEL seeks to develop marine low-sulfur heavy fuel oils from biomass; Bio-HFO

Green Car Congress

In an EU-funded research project, an international consortium is aiming to develop new production methods for sustainable marine fuels to replace heavy fuel oils in shipping. The use of heavy fuel oils (HFOs) contributes to global warming due to the fossil origin of these fuels and, moreover, generating non-negligible emissions of pollutants such as sulfur oxides. Although cleaner fuels are available, many companies opt for HFOs due to their low cost.

2020 230

California Air Resources Board posts revised draft of strategy to reduce “Super Pollutants”

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has posted a revised draft of California’s proposed Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Strategy. SLCPs are a category of pollutants which remain in the atmosphere for a relatively brief period, but have global warming potentials that are much higher than those of CO 2. The major sources of methane in California are livestock (~30% of the state’s methane emissions), followed by landfills and oil and gas production.

2016 198

Clean-air plan for San Joaquin Valley first to meet all federal standards for fine particle pollution; $5B in incentive funding required

Green Car Congress

Meeting standards for fine particle pollution, or PM 2.5 , is the San Joaquin Valley’s most critical air quality challenge. The San Joaquin Valley has the worst particulate matter pollution in California—and the worst in the nation for annual federal standards. The plan features air pollution controls on important mobile, stationary and area-wide sources that will achieve the needed reductions of PM 2.5

2019 176

Maruti's anti EV & anti India policy : Keep selling pollution cars

Plug In India

We also talk about how the pollution vehicle media plays along and does not hold the car industry accountable. Video : Maruti's anti India policy - Keep selling pollution cars There are very few updates or quotes in the pollution vehicle media world about Electric Cars from Maruti. Essentially being a PR to the pollution car industry. Did they ask about how a giant company like Maruti can do their bit to help solve India’s horrible air pollution problem?

ICCT study examines current & projected use of heavy fuel oil in Arctic shipping; growth in BC emissions points to need for policies

Green Car Congress

A new study by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) estimates heavy fuel oil (HFO) use, HFO carriage, the use and carriage of other fuels, black carbon (BC) emissions, and emissions of other air and climate pollutants for the year 2015, with projections to 2020 and 2025. Top: Heavy fuel oil use (tonnes) in the Arctic, 2015, with minimum sea extents. However, with expanded Arctic shipping comes the increased risk of accidents, oil spills, and air pollution.

2017 237

IEA sees China lead the way in developing new cleaner coal technologies

Green Cars News

”China’s coal sector has made remarkable progress over the last decade, fuelling rapid economic growth and bringing a better quality of life for China’s citizens”, said Nobuo Tanaka, Executive Director of the International Energy Agency (IEA), today in Beijing at the launch of the new publication, Cleaner Coal in China. Policy action to widen use of cleaner coal technologies. Environmental benefits come when players see a competitive advantage in being cleaner.”

Perspective: Ending Oils Monopolya Blueprint for Mobility Choice

Green Car Congress

Oil is a strategic commodity second to none—it underlies the global economy and even the American way of life. Of course, other countries benefit from this fact, with about $900 million flowing out of the US to buy foreign oil every day, and about 40% of that going to OPEC. [ 1 ] Our dependence on oil also means that America must support military engagements in regions, such as the Persian Gulf, to defend energy sources, such as pipelines and sea lanes.

2009 218

Research shows clean fuel-use for ships off California coast extremely effective in reducing sulfur dioxide pollution

Green Car Congress

Data collected during a major 2010 state-federal atmospheric research project show that the first-in-the-nation regulation requiring ocean-going vessels to use clean fuel when near the California coast has been extremely effective in reducing sulfur dioxide pollution from ships, according to the California Air Resources Board (ARB). Ships, especially ocean-going vessels, are powered by very large diesel engines that generate a tremendous amount of pollution impacting air quality onshore.

2011 172

Commercial Shipping Emits Almost Half As Much Particulate Pollution as Total Released by World’s Cars

Green Car Congress

Globally, commercial ships emit almost half as much particulate matter pollutants into the air as the total amount released by the world’s cars, according to a new study led by NOAA and the University of Colorado at Boulder. Ship pollutants affect local air quality and the health of people living along coastlines. The study is the first to provide a global estimate of maritime shipping’s total contribution to air particle pollution based on direct measurements of emissions.

2009 150

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

Green Car Congress

A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 202

Obama sets goal of reducing US oil imports by 1/3 by 2025; domestic and Western Hemisphere production, natural gas, biofuels, electric vehicles, fleet purchases

Green Car Congress

Warning that “ there are no quick fixes ” and that “ we will keep on being a victim to shifts in the oil market until we get serious about a long-term policy for secure, affordable energy ”, US President Barack Obama announced a goal of cutting US oil imports by one-third by 2025 from the 2008 level of 11 million barrels of oil per day. The Administration is pushing the oil industry to produce on leases already held.

2011 227

Neste Oil to launch the first diesel complying with Category 4 WWFC diesel specification; reduces fuel consumption by 5% and emissions

Green Car Congress

Neste Oil will launch a completely new grade of diesel fuel in Finland this fall: Neste Pro Diesel. Neste Pro Diesel will be produced at Neste Oil’s Porvoo refinery and will be available at Neste Oil’s service stations across Finland beginning this fall. The fuel will be used for the first time by the organizers of the Neste Oil Rally in August. Engines, fuels, and motor oils all need to perform together well throughout a vehicle’s service life.

2012 181

Port of Los Angeles rolls out $82.5M hydrogen fuel cell electric freight demonstration; Toyota fuel cell technology

Green Car Congress

which designed and built the Class 8 trucks with Toyota’s fuel cell electric system; and Shell Oil Products US (Shell), which designed, built and will operate the project’s two new high-capacity hydrogen fueling stations in Wilmington and Ontario.

Honeywell UOP opens first facility in China to test flare emissions for VOCs

Green Car Congress

Callidus flares are used in hydrocarbon and petrochemical processing, oil and gas production and the steel and carbon black industries. More recently, Honeywell UOP hydroprocessing and Platforming technology has helped China develop cleaner-burning transportation fuels to combat air pollution. China Emissions Natural Gas Oil

2017 172

Study: IMO low-sulfur fuel standards will decrease childhood asthma cases, premature deaths; climate tradeoffs

Green Car Congress

Marine shipping fuels will get cleaner in 2020 when a regulation by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) requires a decrease in the allowable amount of sulfur in fuel oil from 3.5% Now, a new open-access study published in Nature Communications quantifies these health benefits and finds cleaner shipping fuels will result in a 3.6% pollution impacts in 2020 with and without the use of low-sulphur fuels.

2018 163

CMA CGM partners with Energy Observer on hydrogen-powered shipping

Green Car Congress

The CMA CGM partnership deals with the development of cleaner and more sustainable energies to eliminate CO 2 emissions, greenhouse gases and air pollutants.

2020 267

California ARB moves forward with climate and air quality actions

Green Car Congress

CARB also adopted a new plan to curb destructive “super pollutants” including black carbon, fluorinated gases and methane. The plan, California’s Short-lived Climate Pollutant Reduction Strategy, maps out the route to more rapid greenhouse gas reductions by clamping down on these super pollutants. For heavy-duty vehicles, the State SIP Strategy calls for combustion engine technology that is effectively 90% cleaner than today’s standards.

2017 183

UK government launches first Hydrogen Strategy

Green Car Congress

By 2030, hydrogen could play an important role in decarbonizing polluting, energy-intensive industries such as chemicals, oil refineries, power and heavy transport such as shipping, heavy-duty trucks and trains, by helping these sectors move away from fossil fuels. The UK government has launched a Hydrogen Strategy intended to create a thriving low-carbon hydrogen sector—blue and green—in the UK over the next decade and beyond.

City of San Francisco replacing petroleum diesel with renewable diesel by the end of the year

Green Car Congress

Using renewable diesel also reduces the emissions of soot and other air quality pollutants. San Francisco started on the path of transitioning away from petroleum diesel and using cleaner forms of diesel fuel a half-dozen years ago by transitioning to a blend of biodiesel. Our fleet ran cleaner and more efficiently, and we are completely supportive of the Mayor’s call to switch to renewable diesel to improve the environment and create a healthier future for our residents.

Just Business

Plugs and Cars

Harper's Magazine has a profile of an oil fixer, the sort of middleman without whom we don't get our daily dose. It's not a pretty picture, but it's how the oil business works. While he continues to be an operator in oil, he sees an new opportunity to make money on his connections to potentates and oil executives. Tags: harpers magazine oil business ely calil

2009 100

Electric Scooter vs Petrol Scooter : Huge benefits for India

Plug In India

Video : ​Electric Scooter vs Petrol Scooter : Benefits for India Air Pollution An electric scooter runs on an electric motor which consumers power from a charged battery. Your EV will get cleaner in time. Noise Pollution This petrol scooter is very noisy.

Next 10 report finds California must increase GHG reductions to 4.9%/year through 2030 to meet target

Green Car Congress

California’s progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions has temporarily reversed, with pollution upticks signaling an increasingly difficult path ahead in achieving the state’s 2030 and 2050 climate targets, according to the 12 th annual California Green Innovation Index —released by the nonpartisan nonprofit Next 10 and prepared by Beacon Economics. This is the result of policies promoting cleaner vehicle fuels and advanced clean vehicle standards.

2020 240

London City Commuting: Why an EV makes sense

Drive Electric

Pollution. Climate change is being driven by the burning of fossil fuels such as oil, gas and coal. Electric cars also contribute to better air quality in London and other city centres, making them cleaner and healthier for everyone.

Canada, US and Mexico commit to align light- and heavy-duty fuel efficiency and GHG standards out to 2025 and 2027, respectively

Green Car Congress

They further agreed to reduce air pollutant emissions by aligning air pollutant emission standards for light- and heavy-duty vehicles and corresponding ultra low-sulfur fuel standards by 2018. The three are also urging the G-20 to make commitments to reduce methane emissions in the oil and gas sector and to improve the environmental performance of heavy-duty vehicles. Short-lived climate pollutants.

2016 183

Lung Association report highlights health and climate costs of petroleum-based transportation and the benefits of shifting to ZEVs

Green Car Congress

Under this scenario, the estimated total health and climate change costs associated with passenger vehicle fleet pollution drops from to $37 billion annually to $15.7 Annual pollution-related impacts drop by more than 85% due to fewer lost work days caused by pollution-related illnesses, fewer asthma attacks and fewer premature deaths. Relying almost exclusively on oil for transportation hurts our air, our health, and our environment.

2016 212

Canada adopts stricter emissions standards for ships; further alignment with US on air emissions

Green Car Congress

The changes we are announcing today will help make our oceans and lakes cleaner by reducing ship emissions. The amendments bring new requirements into force for vessels under Annex VI of the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) that Canada has negotiated with international partners. New standards will reduce allowable emissions of key air pollutants from ships.

2013 221

Global Bioenergies beginning road testing with Audi A4 fueled with 34% renewable gasoline blends

Green Car Congress

Both compounds are high-performance additives (octane rating equal to or higher than 100) that have been in the past produced from fossil oil. The market trend for cleaner, less polluting energy sources is likely to be favorable for such blends that match the European regulatory environment. Global Bioenergies is beginning the road-testing phase of renewable gasoline derived from its fermentative isobutene pathway. Earlier post.)

2018 163

California ARB fines two shipping companies $53K each for violating low-sulfur fuel regulation

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) has fined two shipping companies for failing to switch from bunker fuel to cleaner, low-sulfur fuel when sailing within 24 miles of the California coast, as required by a state law adopted in 2008. As part of their settlements with ARB, Switzerland-based Mediterranean Shipping and Poland-based Chipolbrok each agreed to pay $53,000 to the California Air Pollution Control Fund (CAPCF) to support air quality research.

2011 172

EPA SmartWay honors 44 freight carriers for exceptional supply chain efficiency

Green Car Congress

Since 2004, SmartWay Partners have avoided emitting more than 72 million metric tons of carbon pollution, while saving more than 170 million barrels of oil and $24.9 SmartWay also contributes to cleaner air and healthier citizens by cutting emissions that help produce smog, including fine particulate matter and nitrogen oxides.

2016 181

Researchers in China investigate use of coal as source of lithium

Green Car Congress

Coal could become a major source of the metal lithium, according to a review of the geochemistry by scientists from Hebei University of Engineering in China published in the International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology. Shenjun Qin of Hebei University of Engineering, in Handan, China, and colleagues point out that coal is a highly polluting energy source that is still widely used for electricity generation and other applications. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology , Vol.

2015 181

California ARB: GHG emissions fell below 1990 levels for first time in 2016; down 13% from 2004 peak; transportation emissions up 2%

Green Car Congress

The state’s latest Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory shows that California emitted 429 million metric tons of climate pollutants in 2016—a drop of 12 million metric tons, or three percent, from 2015. Due to the carbon price signal created by the Cap-and-Trade Program that makes fossil fuel generation more expensive, cleaner out-of-state electricity is increasingly taking the place of fuels such as coal.

2018 200

Sen. Baucus draft for energy tax reform focuses on clean production of electricity and fuels; repeals plug-in vehicle credits

Green Car Congress

Some clean energy production, such as generating electricity by capturing excess heat at manufacturing facilities, is ineligible for the production tax credit because it is not expressly listed in the code, while other types of energy production generating significant air pollution receive sizable tax subsidies. These proposals are intended to promote domestic energy production and reduce pollution. The cleaner the facility, the larger the credit.

2013 236

California ARB releases discussion draft of plan to cut GHG by 40% by 2030

Green Car Congress

These five pillars are: Reducing today’s petroleum use in cars and trucks by up to 50%; Increasing electricity derived from renewable source from one-third to 50%; Doubling the efficiency savings achieved at existing buildings and making heating fuels cleaner; Reducing the release of methane, black carbon, and other short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs); and.

2016 216

Aviat, Aviation Foundation unveil concept CNG-fueled single-engine aircraft

Green Car Congress

The advantages, Herrick noted, include fuel cost savings, cleaner burning fuel and no lead emissions. It is also a much cleaner burning fuel, reducing smog pollutants by 90% and reducing CO 2 emissions by 30%. Engine oil remains significantly cleaner therefore improving engine life, while aircraft performance is enhanced as CNG typically burns 138 octane versus the current 100 octane of aviation gasoline. Aviat Husky CNG. Click to enlarge.

2013 205

How Do EVs Compare To Gas Cars?

Wallbox

Second, the United States Department of Energy explains that maintenance costs are lower for EVs because they have fewer fluids (oil and transmission fluid) that need to be changed and far fewer moving parts that need maintenance or replacing. Are EVs really cleaner & greener choices?

Gas 87

Toyota, Hino and Showa Shell to Test FT Diesel and Renewable Diesel Blend in Hybrid Transit Bus

Green Car Congress

SSSKK) plan to begin trials on 1 July of a diesel-electric hybrid transit bus fueled by a mixture of Fischer-Tropsch diesel (FTD)—specifically, Shell’s gas-to-liquids (GTL) fuel—and hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO), a type of renewable diesel offering similar characteristics to FTD. FTD is a family of cleaner-burning synthetic liquid fuels made through Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis that have combustion characteristics ideal for diesel engines and are virtually free from sulfur and aromatics.

2010 198

US EPA and DOT propose freezing light-duty fuel economy, GHG standards at 2020 level for MY 2021-2026 vehicles; 43.7 mpg for cars; 50-state solution

Green Car Congress

In 2012, the agencies projected fuel prices would rise significantly, and the United States would continue to rely heavily upon imports of oil, subjecting the country to heightened risk of price shocks.28 The agencies said that the preferred alternative would improve vehicle affordability leading to increased use of newer, safer, cleaner and more efficient vehicles (hence their forecast drop in fatalities and injuries).

2018 174

7 Benefits of Switching to Electric Cars

My Electric Car

As the price of oil and petrol continues to rise, electric vehicles are emerging as an answer to the problem of dwindling resources. Guest Post by Sofia Lockhart.

2019 59

IMO selects DNV to investigate potential for LNG-fueled shipping in North American ECA

Green Car Congress

The North American ECA, under the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), came into effect from 1 August 2012, bringing in stricter controls on emissions of sulphur oxide (SO x ), NO x and particulate matter for ships trading off the coasts of Canada, the United States and the French overseas collectivity of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. In practice, says the IMO, this means that, within an ECA, ships must burn fuel oil of a lower sulfur content.

2013 172