Stanford Energy Modeling Forum project confirms carbon pricing can be effective way to curb GHG emissions

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This study gathered together 11 modeling teams to run a common set of carbon tax scenarios, in order to explore how environmental and economic outcomes depend on the initial carbon tax rates, the rate at which the tax escalates, and how the government uses the revenue collected by the carbon tax. A key objective of this model inter-comparison project is to understand which insights are robust across models and scenarios and which are more sensitive.

2018 74

NREL develops novel method to produce renewable acrylonitrile; carbon fibers from renewable biomass

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Most importantly for this project, acrylonitrile is also the primary building block in carbon fiber composites, which are used for lightweighting applications in automotive and air transportation.

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Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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million in Carbon Recycling International (CRI). Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Renewable methanol is also a low-carbon feedstock for production of synthetic materials. Their results showed that in comparison with gasoline mode, CO emitted in methanol mode decreased 11.2%.

2015 69

Fraunhofer researchers develop carbon nanotube thin film heater for EVs

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The heating concept is based on a film that is coated with a very thin layer of conductive carbon nanotubes (CNTs). This would make the production process considerably more economical, particularly in comparison to wire-based solutions, Sahakalkan said.

2015 84

New inventory of black carbon emissions from China finds 2007 levels higher than previously reported

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A new black carbon (BC) emissions inventory from China found BC emissions levels in 2007 of 1,957 Gg BC—higher than reported in earlier studies. Black carbon China EmissionsBC emission map of China at 0.1° × 0.1° for year 2007.

2007 84

Lawrence Livermore team shows carbon nanotube porins are fastest known proton conductors; potential application for PEM fuel cells

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Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers have shown that 0.8-nm-diameter carbon nanotube porins, which promote the formation of one-dimensional water wires, can support proton transport rates exceeding those of bulk water by an order of magnitude.

2016 84

Hanyang/BMW team develops high-energy density Li-ion battery with carbon-nanotube-Si composite anode and NCM concentration gradient cathode

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A carbon nanotube (CNT)-Si composite anode with extremely stable long-term cycling provides a discharge capacity of 2364 mAh g -1 at a tap density of 1.1 Comparison of the CNT-Si/TSFCG against the currently developed LIBs.

2016 97

U Chicago, MIT study suggests ongoing use of fossil fuels absent new carbon taxes

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A paper by a team from the University of Chicago and MIT suggests that technology-driven cost reductions in fossil fuels will lead to the continued use of fossil fuels—oil, gas, and coal—unless governments pass new taxes on carbon emissions. We need both a policy like a carbon tax and to put more R&D money into renewables. For example, our calculations are based on total carbon emissions ranging from 12,744 to 17,407 gigatons of CO 2.

2016 60

Researchers improve the performance of sodium-ion batteries by using tailored carbon anodes with hierarchical porosity

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Researchers at Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany, have improved the performance of sodium-ion batteries ( earlier post ) by using tailor-made carbon materials with hierarchical porosity for the anode instead of common carbon-based anode materials.

U-Mich researcher’s first-principles analysis challenges conventional carbon accounting for biofuels; implications for climate policy

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System boundaries (red line) schematic for liquid fuel carbon balance. For biofuels, because biogenic carbon is automatically credited within a product lifecycle, the boundary effectively excludes vehicle end-use CO 2 emissions. Biofuel carbon. Carbon captured from energy system.

2013 89

Phosphorous-enriched Carbons Increase Performance and Energy Density of Supercapacitors

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Energy density of the P-carbon supercapacitors compared to commercial carbon (Norit). V in H 2 SO 4 and can support an energy density of up to 16 Wh/kg compared to around 5 Wh/kg for conventional commercial carbon.

2009 78

GWU team demonstrates one-pot process for optimized synthesis of controlled CNTs from CO2; coupling cement and C2CNT

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Researchers at George Washington University led by Dr. Stuart Licht ( earlier post ) have developed a new process that transforms CO 2 into a controlled selection of nanotubes (CNTs) via molten electrolysis; they call the process C2CNT (CO2 into carbon nanotubes).

2017 94

Toray and Gordon Murray unveil carbon-fiber T-Wave AR1 Concept EV Sports Car

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city EV, earlier post ) to create the T-Wave AR1, a concept EV two-seater to demonstrate the extreme weight savings possible with Toray’s carbon fiber composites. For comparison, the curb weight of the Tesla Roadster is 1,235 kg (2,723 lbs)—46% more than the T-Wave AR1.

Antimony/carbon nanocomposite anode for Na-ion battery shows high capacity and stability

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Researchers at Wuhan University (China) have synthesized a Sb/C (antimony/carbon) nanocomposite for use as an anode material in a room-temperature sodium-ion (Na-ion) battery.

Nitrogen?doped coral-like carbon fiber arrays shown to be highly efficient air electrodes for high-performance Li-air batteries

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c) The sketch of Li 2 O 2 grown on a coral-like carbon fiber. A non-aqueous Li-air (Li-O 2 ) battery comprises a metallic lithium anode; a porous cathode (usually carbon-based materials with or without catalysts); and nonaqueous electrolyte (Li þ -containing solution).

Climeworks launches world’s first commercial plant to capture CO2 from air; potential for CO2-neutral fuels

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The Swiss direct air capture company—which has also partnered with Audi in that company’s e-fuels initiative ( earlier post )—launched the commercial-scale Direct Air Capture (DAC) plant, featuring its patented technology that filters carbon dioxide from ambient air.

2017 94

New FOX method estimates black carbon emissions from civil aviation ~2.7 times higher than standard estimates

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Comparison between estimated EI BC and measured EI BC derived FOA3 (black open box), the FOA3 approach with the updated SN-CI correlation (blue triangle), and estimates obtained from the new FOX method (red circle) that are not dependent on SN.

2013 78

Study finds some improved cookstoves may emit more black carbon pollution than traditional mud cookstoves

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The first real-world, head-to-head comparison of improved cookstoves (ICs) and traditional mud stoves has found that some ICs may at times emit more of the black carbon particles that are linked to serious health and environmental concerns than traditional mud stoves or open-cook fires.

2012 78

Improving the Charge-Discharge Capacity and Cycleability of Carbon Electrodes for Li-ion Batteries

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GMP40 (60:40 weight ratio of mixed mesophase pitch carbon and phenolic resin) produced the best results. However, carbon remains the predominant commercial anode material solution at this point. The core material is mesophase pitch carbon, which is highly crystalline.

2010 78

California ARB biofuel carbon intensity data for LCFS highlights diversity of ethanol pathways

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g CO 2 e/MJ highlighted in red for comparison. The California Air Resources Board (ARB) staff has updated carbon intensities (CIs) and other information about registered biorefineries, and posted the information at the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) biorefinery-registration webpage.

2011 78

RPI researchers develop safe, long-cycling Li-metal rechargeable battery electrode; demonstrate Li-carbon battery

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Ce 0.02 (PO 4 ) 3 /C) measured at comparable current densities has been included for comparison. The RPI team also demonstrated the use of the PGN material as a high-capacity anode, and demonstrated a full-cell configuration with a PGN anode and a lithium-metal/PGN cathode, thus creating a Li-carbon rechargeable battery. What is different is that the electrode material that stores the Li is all-carbon for both the anode as well as the cathode.

2014 65

Study finds fleet switch from PFI to GDI engines will result in net reduction in global warming

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The increased fuel economy of GDI engines means lower CO 2 emissions per mile; however, higher BC [black carbon] emissions (the most-potent absorptive agent of anthropogenic PM) could potentially offset any climate benefits of reduced CO 2 emissions.…

2017 97

Study: even with high LDV electrification, low-carbon biofuels will be necessary to meet 80% GHG reduction target; “daunting” policy implications

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An 80% reduction in US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050 has been generally established as the de facto required domestic contribution to stabilizing global concentrations at low to medium levels, that is, 450 and 550 ppm carbon dioxide equivalent (CO 2 -equiv).

2015 84

Ricardo to host conference on energy generation and management in low carbon vehicles

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Ricardo will host a conference on the challenges and potential solutions for auxiliary power units (APUs), waste energy recovery, and parasitic loss reduction in electric and other low carbon vehicles. The conference—to be held at the International Digital Laboratory auditorium of the Warwick Manufacturing Group, University of Warwick, on 21 September 2011—arises from the work of Ricardo and its partners on the Low Carbon Vehicle Technology Project (LCVTP).

Zytek 60

UK Carbon Trust report says fuel cell vehicles could take more than 30% of mid-sized car market by 2050

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Ranges of automotive fuel cell system costs at mass manufactured volume using technology from three UK companies supported by the Carbon Trust. Source: Carbon Trust. —James Wilde, Director of Innovation and Policy at the Carbon Trust.

2012 78

New modeling study finds thawing permafrost could release vast amounts of carbon and accelerate climate change by the end of this century

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Billions of tons of carbon trapped in high-latitude permafrost may be released into the atmosphere by the end of this century as the Earth’s climate changes, further accelerating global warming, a new computer modeling study indicates. Units are in grams of carbon per square meter per year.

New graphene-wrapped sulfur-carbon nanofiber cathode for Li-S batteries shows increased capacity and long-cycle stability

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Bottom: Comparison of specific capacity and Coulombic efficiency as a function of cycle numbers for electrodes assembled with and without graphene wrapping. Researchers at Duke University have developed a novel graphene–sulfur–carbon nanofibers (G-S-CNFs) multilayer and coaxial nanocomposite for use as the cathode of Li–sulfur batteries with increased capacity and significantly improved long-cycle stability.

2013 60

Ford Europe leading project investigating DME and OME1 as low carbon, near zero particulate fuels; power-to-liquids pathways using CO2

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The comparison to the electric vehicle is based on estimates which factor in the CO 2 emissions resulting from fuel production, with the DME-powered vehicle figure calculated from the use of renewable energy to generate the DME fuel, and the electric vehicle figure calculated from electricity generated from renewable resources.

2015 72

Material Derived From Carbonized Chicken Feathers Could Meet DOE Hydrogen Storage Targets

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Scientists at the University of Delaware are developing a new low-cost material for hydrogen storage—carbonized chicken feathers (CCFF)—that they say could meet the DOE requirements for hydrogen storage and are competitive with carbon nanotubes and metal hydrates at a tiny fraction of their cost. When chicken feathers are heat-treated by controlled pyrolysis, hollow carbon microtubes are formed with nanoporous walls.

Researchers find that the global carbon pool in seagrass beds is as much as 19.9B metric tons

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Per unit area, seagrass meadows can store up to twice as much carbon as the world’s temperate and tropical forests, according to a paper this week in the journal Nature Geoscience. The paper, “Seagrass Ecosystems as a Globally Significant Carbon Stock,” is the first global analysis of carbon stored in seagrasses. Pg carbon. Tg carbon per year, assuming that all of the organic carbon in seagrass biomass and the top metre of soils is remineralized.

2012 60

Greenius Declaration of Human Rights

Creative Greenius

All other human rights abuses will pale in comparison to willingly failing to respond. Filed under: carbon producers , climate change , environment , fossil fuels , national parks Tagged: #BAD2013 , #humanrights , 350.org , Blog action day 2013 , climate change , human rights.

2013 136

Argonne team finds copper cluster catalyst effective for low-pressure conversion of CO2 to methanol with high activity

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These catalysts work by binding to carbon dioxide molecules, orienting them in a way that is ideal for chemical reactions. These CO 2 conversion catalysts work by binding to carbon dioxide molecules, orienting them in a way that is ideal for chemical reactions.

2015 100

Study concludes permanent loss of peatlands in open-pit oil sands mining adds significantly to carbon burden of oil sands production

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Researchers at the University of Alberta (Canada) have quantified the transformation of the boreal landscape by open-pit oil sands mining in Alberta, Canada to evaluate its effect on carbon storage and sequestration. Their analysis suggests that carbon storage loss caused by peatland conversion could be equivalent to as much as 7 years worth of carbon emissions by mining and upgrading (at 2010 levels). million metric tons of stored carbon.

DOE awards ~$25M to 8 projects for CO2 capture and compression; $15M for novel Direct Fuel Cell system

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has selected eight projects to receive almost $25 million in funding to construct small- and large-scale pilots for reducing the cost of CO 2 capture and compression through DOE’s Carbon Capture Program.

2015 97

USC team develops highly efficient catalyst system for converting CO2 to methanol; 79% yield from CO2 captured from air

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Surya Prakash and George Olah of the USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, is part of a broader effort to stabilize the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by using renewable energy to transform the greenhouse gas into its combustible cousin.

2016 89

MIT Researchers Find That Elastic Energy Storage Systems Built With Carbon Nanotubes Could Match Li-ion Battery Energy Densities

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Densities for steel springs and Li-ion batteries provide a comparison. the molecular scale, CNTs can function as mechanical springs that store a great deal of energy for their size due to their networks of strong carboncarbon bonds.

2009 78

Carbon Trust awards £2M to ACAL Energy and ITM Power to support major reduction in cost of automotive fuel cell systems

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The UK’s Carbon Trust recently awarded £1.95 The two investments come from the Carbon Trust’s Polymer Fuel Cells Challenge (PFCC) which was launched in 2009 to support the Department for Energy and Climate Change’s objectives to develop lower cost fuel cells and follows this year’s launch of the Government’s UKH2Mobility project. As a result, the Carbon Trust is investing £1.1 As a result, Carbon Trust has invested a further £850K (US$1.3

2012 60

Life cycle study calculates Algenols algae-to-ethanol process can deliver 67% to 87% reduction in carbon footprint compared to gasoline

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They found that, on a life cycle basis in comparison to gasoline, the direct to ethanol technology can provide a 67% to 87% reduction in carbon footprint on an energy equivalent basis for initial ethanol concentrations (given in weight percent) ranging from 0.5%

2010 84

Short, capped single-walled carbon nanotubes may serve as ideal probing tips to study friction, lubrication and wear at the nanoscale

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Surface probe instruments with carbon nanotube tips may enable the study of microscopic interactions at single asperities—the points of atomic-level roughness even on a smooth surface—a capability important for the understanding of friction and lubrication at the macroscale. Atomistic simulations show that short, capped single-walled carbon nanotubes (red) can elucidate the tribological properties of graphene surfaces.

2011 60

UK Launches ERTOC Project to Improve Transport Efficiency and Sustainability; Tracking the Carbon Costs of Transport at the Consignment Level

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The focus of the project is to demonstrate how a standardized data hub can track the carbon costs of transport at the consignment level. The project will develop a demonstration application using information required for carbon tracking. ERTOC’s open standards approach to the delivery of timely information on carbon emissions and costs related to transport are intended to deliver benefits to the wider community through reduction in energy consumption, congestion and emissions.

2010 60