Distances traveled on the road and in the air: 1970-2015

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by Michael Sivak. The usual focus of analyses of road transportation is on vehicle-distance traveled, without taking into account the number of passengers in the vehicle. In contrast, air-transportation analyses typically include passenger-distance traveled among the variables of interest.

2018 120

Tropos Motors triples range of electric LSVs with new Li-ion-powered ABLE XR; 26 kWh pack

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With the largest capacity battery pack of LSVs on the market, the ABLE XR can travel up to 45+ mph (72+ km/h), and up to 160 miles (at 25 mph), as well as tow a max of 2000 pounds on public roads, or 3000 pounds on closed campuses.

2018 106

IEA: Petrochemicals set to be the largest driver of world oil demand

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Demand for plastics—the key driver for petrochemicals from an energy perspective—has outpaced all other bulk materials (such as steel, aluminium, or cement), nearly doubling since 2000.

2018 122

Traffic volume on rural and urban roads in the United States: 1991-2016

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In comparison, the average daily number of vehicles per lane on urban roads increased from 2,098 in 1991 to 2,373 in 2000, for an increase of 13%. by Michael Sivak.

2018 107

ORNL team finds catalytic EGR reforming can decrease fuel consumption 8% in gasoline engine

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In an open-access paper published in the ACS journal Energy & Fuels , they report that under an engine operating condition of 2000 rpm and brake mean effective pressure (4 bar), catalytic EGR reforming made it possible to sustain stable combustion with a volumetric equivalent of 45%–55% EGR.

2018 121

Columbia team organizes available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health

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The researchers reviewed 205 peer-reviewed studies published between 1 January 2000 and 30 April 2018 which provided information on the relationship between the concentration of exposures to air pollutants and health outcomes. Mills (2018) “Towards a Fuller Assessment of Benefits to Children’s Health of Reducing Air Pollution and Mitigating Climate Change Due to Fossil Fuel Combustion,” Environmental Research doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.016.

2018 85

EMT Madrid orders another 276 Citaro NGT urban buses with natural gas drive: 672 in total from 2020

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The fleet comprises 2000 buses. EMT, the transport company of the Spanish capital Madrid, is set to receive another 276 Mercedes-Benz Citaro NGT urban buses with natural gas drive in the next two years. This will be the fourth major order from Madrid in quick succession.

2018 101

MIT study finds real-world NOx from diesels cars in Europe greatly exceeds laboratory levels; transboundary emissions cause 70% of health impacts

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A new study by MIT researchers, published this month in Atmospheric Environment , finds that in Europe, 10 major auto manufacturers produced diesel cars, sold between 2000 and 2015, that generate up to 16 times more NO x emissions on the road than in regulatory tests—a level that exceeds European limits but does not violate any EU laws.

2018 92

Swiss study finds that studies on air pollution that ignore impact of noise overestimate effects of pollution on heart attacks

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The study looked at the combined effects of air pollution and transportation noise for heart attack mortality, by considering all deaths that occurred in Switzerland between 2000 and 2008. The study included all deaths (19,261) reported across Switzerland from the period 2000 to 2008. Nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) was also modeled using 9,469 biweekly passive sampling measurements collected between 2000 and 2008 at 1,834 locations in Switzerland.

2018 82

HEI: 95%+ of world’s population live in areas of unhealthy air

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Air pollution is the leading environmental cause of death worldwide according to the State of Global Air 2018 , the annual report and interactive website published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI). State of Global Air 2018. State of Global Air 2018. State of Global Air 2018.

2018 101

Mercedes-Benz unveils Gen4 A-Class; bigger, new engines, focus on content and user experience

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The pressure of the common-rail injection system has been increased to 2000 bar (previously: 1600 bar). In an event in Amsterdam, Mercedes-Benz unveiled its new A-Class compact line.

2018 131

TOAR shows present-day global ozone distribution and trends relevant to health; public database

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Ozone levels across much of North America and Europe dropped significantly between 2000 and 2014.

2018 113

ITF: measures to decrease road freight CO2 emissions

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Moving goods by road consumes about 50% of all diesel produced; 80% of the global net increase in diesel use since 2000 comes from road freight. It collects insights held at a workshop organized by the International Transport Forum in June 2018 in Paris and features the results of a survey among experts.

2018 87

Allison Transmission announces global availability of 9-speed transmission, expanded electrification portfolio at IAA CV

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The Allison 9-speed model leverages the proven durability of the Allison 2000 Series 6-speed transmissions, which have accumulated more than 100 billion miles globally. It has been designed to utilize the same vehicle manufacturer’s interfaces as its 6-speed predecessor, providing ease of integration into vehicles currently released with the Allison 2000 Series.

2018 83

In-use measurements of NOx and particulates trends for heavy-duty vehicles in California

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Credit: ACS, Haugen and Bishop (2018). The California Air Resources Board issued the California Diesel Risk Reduction Plan in 2000 with the goal of reducing diesel PM emissions 85% statewide by 2020.

2018 90

City of Gdynia orders 30 Solaris Trollino trolleybuses with Li-ion battery packs for off-wire driving

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Gdynia was the buyer of the first trolleybus produced by Solaris in 2000. The city of Gdynia in Poland has signed a contract with Solaris for the delivery of 30 trolleybuses worth more than 95 million PLN (US$28 million) in total.

2018 104

UK auto industry warns anti-diesel agenda and slow uptake of EVs could mean missing 2021 CO2 targets; rising CO2 average in 2017

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The SMMT New Car CO 2 Report 2018: Driving the transition to a low carbon future showed that carbon tailpipe emissions rose last year for the first time in two decades by 0.8% These ongoing improvements mean average CO 2 is still a third (-33.1%) lower than in 2000.

2018 98

Study finds long-term exposure to air pollution negatively impacts cognitive performance and may become more pronounced with age

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The report includes 86 major cities in 2000 and covers most of the cities in China in 2014. Xin Zhang, Xi Chen, Xiaobo Zhang (2018) “The impact of exposure to air pollution on cognitive performance” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences doi: 10.1073/pnas.1809474115. Researchers from China and the US have found that long-term exposure to air pollution impedes cognitive performance in verbal and math tests.

2018 76

New systems biology model for wood formation can lead to progress in biofuel and green chemistry applications

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We perturb these 21 pathway genes and integrate transcriptomic, proteomic, fluxomic and phenomic data from 221 lines selected from ~2000 transgenics (6-month-old).

2018 95

Nissan to use SHF 980 MPa high-formability steel in more new vehicles

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Nissan launched a sustainability plan this month that calls for lowering CO 2 emissions from its new vehicles by 40% by fiscal year 2022, compared with fiscal year 2000. Nissan Motor Co.,

2018 85

Studies highlight effects of different gasoline components on fuel economy, combustion and emissions

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Load characteristics of the engine were tested at 7 speeds: 1000, 1300, 1500, 1800, 2000, 2400 and 2800 rpm—selected according to Chinese standards.

2018 90

Consumer Reports: Tesla and other domestic brands take big steps backwards in reliability rankings

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The latest Consumer Reports Annual Auto Reliability Survey, gathered information from Consumer Reports members who collectively owned or leased more than 500,000 vehicles, from model years 2000 to 2018, covering more than 300 models. Buick, Chevrolet, Chrysler, and Tesla are among the brands that tumbled in Consumer Reports’ (CR) latest Annual Auto Reliability Survey, which collected data from its members about their experiences with more than half a million vehicles.

2018 74

NHTSA finalizes quiet-car rule for hybrids, electrics, to take full effect in 2020

Green Car Reports

The idea of adding noise-makers to vehicles that are "too quiet" didn't exist until the first hybrid-electric cars hit the market in 2000. Within a few years, however, organizations representing the blind began to raise alarms that cars operating at low speeds solely on electric power couldn't be heard by pedestrians who also couldn't see them. Plug-In Hybrids NHTSA Department of Transportation noise plug-in cars Sound Generation Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) regulation

2018 65

Orders beginning for Ford F-150 Diesel; best-in-class torque, towing, targeted EPA-est. 30 mpg

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Ford dealers will begin taking orders for the 2018 F-150 with all-new 3.0-liter Power Stroke diesel engine ( earlier post ) this month. For 2018, stronger axles coupled with the fully boxed, high-strength steel frame add further robustness.

2018 78

Hydro-Québec grants an exploitation license and partners with Nouveau Monde Graphite to develop materials for Li-ion batteries

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In the summer of 2018, NMG will be launching its first tonnes of concentrated graphite flake manufactured in demonstration plant. NMG’s Demonstration plant as a production capacity of 2000 tonnes of concentrated flake graphite for a two-year period. Hydro-Québec (HQ) and Nouveau Monde Graphite (NMG) have signed a license and a research and development agreements respecting the processing of graphite for use in lithium-ion batteries.

NMG 69

Daimler joins multiple initiatives for a sustainable raw material supply chain; future focus on battery cell supply chain

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Since 2000, Daimler has been working to uphold and actively promote the principles of the Global Compact in the areas of human rights, labour standards, environmental protection and anti-corruption. Daimler has joined the Responsible Cobalt Initiative, the Responsible Mineral Initiative, the Responsible Steel Initiative and the Aluminum Stewardship Initiative.

2018 65

Ipsos study finds US among most skeptical of Autonomous Vehicles

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Further US and Canadian data are from a series of Ipsos polls including: an Ipsos survey conducted between 16-20 February 2018 among 1,005 US adults; an Ipsos survey conducted between 19-21 December 2017 among 2,000 US adults; and, an Ipsos survey conducted between 23-26 February 2018 among 1,000 Canadian adults; and an Ipsos survey conducted between 20-22 February 20 2018 among 1,002 Canadian adults.

2018 60

Saudi Arabia And Iran Reignite The Oil Price War

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The OSPs for Iranian Heavy and Forozan to Asia were slashed against the similar Saudi grades to their lowest levels since at least 2000, the year in which Bloomberg started compiling the data. by Tsvetana Paraskova for Oilprice.com. The rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran is becoming increasingly evident in the oil pricing policies of the two large Middle Eastern producers. The two countries are currently reigniting the market share and pricing war ahead of the returning U.S.

New 1.6L diesel in 2018 Chevrolet Equinox related to Opel’s 1.6L CDTi Whisper Diesel

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The new 1.6-liter diesel engine to be offered in the US in the 2018 Equinox ( earlier post ) is similar to Opel’s 1.6L Fuel pressure is 2000 bar (29,000 psi). CDTi Whisper Diesel ( earlier post ) in Europe, and is derived from a common Italian-German-American medium diesel engine design, according to GM. The first application of the 1.6L CDTi was unveiled in 2013 at the Geneva Motor Show in the Zafira Tourer. Earlier post.).

2016 77

Honda to add new dedicated hybrid model with i-MMD in US in 2018; hybrid system to expand to light trucks

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Honda will produce a new dedicated hybrid model in the US for nationwide in 2018, as part of the Honda Electrification Initiative, which will expand the company’s portfolio of electrified vehicles. Honda set a global target for two-thirds of all sales to come from electrified models by 2030 and to halve its total company CO 2 emissions from 2000 levels by 2050.

2017 83

Li-S battery company OXIS Energy reports 300 Wh/kg and 25 Ah cell, predicting 33 Ah by mid-2015, 500 Wh/kg by end of 2018

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The OXIS scientific team expects to achieve a goal of an energy density in excess of 400 Wh/kg by the end of 2016 and in excess of 500Wh/kg by the end of 2018. Cycle life is one of the major challenges of Li-S batteries; OXIS reported its Li-S cells in 2012 could be cycled more than 1,000 times (80% Beginning-of-Life), and expects to be able to reach around 2000 cycles before the capacity reduces to 80% BoL.

2014 79

Electrified car registrations pass 100K units in Europe for 1st time in March; total reg down 3.6%; Model 3 top EV

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Last month, they recorded the lowest monthly market share since September 2000. in March 2018, and 44.8% The European car market registered its seventh consecutive month of decline in March 2019, according to figures from JATO Dynamics.

2019 125

Arbe launching 4D imaging radar beta product Phoenix

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While current radars have up to 12 channels, Phoenix is 100 times more detailed, supporting more than 2000 virtual channels with two transmit devices (24 channels each) and four receiving devices (12 channels each).

EEA: almost all Euro car makers met specific 2017 CO2 targets on new sales, but emissions up year-on-year

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The EEA report “ Monitoring CO 2 emissions from new passenger cars and new vans in 2017 ” confirms provisional data published by the EEA in April 2018. Compared with 2000, the reduction in total CO 2 emissions from passenger cars as a result of improvements in efficiency is around 6.7 %.

2019 84

Study associates long-term exposure to air pollution with increasing emphysema

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The cohort study included participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) Air and Lung Studies conducted in 6 metropolitan regions of the United States, which included 6,814 adults aged 45 to 84 years recruited between July 2000 and August 2002, and an additional 257 participants recruited from February 2005 to May 2007, with follow-up through November 2018.

2019 79

Audi puts steel back in the new A8

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The new Audi A8, scheduled for release in 2018, features a multi-material body structure ( earlier post ) consisting of more than 40% steel. Steel’s strength has multiplied by almost 10 times over the past 20 years, from 270 to 2000 MPa tensile strength.

2017 97

BMW Group launches high performance D3 platform: data-driven development for autonomous driving

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In autumn 2017 the first group of engineers moved into the new building, which celebrated its official opening in April 2018. It was back in 2000 when the BMW Group first started to conduct research into its vision of a car that people could drive themselves but didn’t have to.

2019 97

Honda adding 120 EV chargers to Torrance Campus; 50kW DC fast charger adjacent to campus

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In an effort to increase the use of alternative fuel vehicles by its associates for daily commuting, and to prepare for a new generation of plug-in vehicles set to arrive by 2018, Honda is adding 120 new electric vehicle (EV) chargers on the Torrance, CA headquarter campus of American Honda Motor Co., Honda has set a goal to reduce its total corporate CO 2 emissions by 50% by the year 2050, compared to 2000 levels.

2015 78

Roskill: world copper market size previously underestimated; EVs to account for 3.1-4.0Mt net growth by 2035

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Roskill’s view is that total copper consumption (defined as refined copper consumption plus direct use scrap) comfortably exceeded 30Mt in 2018, in its fourth successive year of growth. In 2000, 60% of global copper consumption was directly related to its electrical conductivity properties.

2019 69

GM investing $1B in Warren Technical Center

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The multiyear project, which is driving new construction on the campus, significant renovations of some existing facilities and expansion of some operations, begins this month with work continuing through 2018 at the National Historic Landmark site. Fourteen years earlier, in 2000, the campus was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. General Motors will invest $1 billion in its Warren Technical Center campus.

2015 72

Daimler Trucks to produce new medium-duty diesels in Detroit; $375M investment

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Daimler Trucks will begin production of the new medium-duty DD5 and DD8 diesel engines for the NAFTA market in Detroit effective 2018. Up until the production launch in Detroit scheduled for 2018, the engines will be supplied from the Mercedes-Benz aggregate-plant in Mannheim, Germany. Built in 1938, the “Detroit” aggregate plant in Redford has been owned by Daimler AG since 2000.

2015 65

SwRI develops D-EGR demonstrator highlighting fuel-efficient, cost-effective engine; 10% and above fuel economy improvements

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The SwRI team will report that the brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) at 2000 rpm 2 bar BMEP improved from 385 g/kW-h in the series production state to 330 g/kW-h; the lowest BSFC for the engine was 212 g/kWh compared to 236 g/kW-h for the series engine.

2014 121

Audi realigns motorsport strategy: electric instead of endurance; out of FIA WEC at end of 2016 season

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Participating in first all-electric racing series complements the strategy of offering fully battery-electric models year by year starting in 2018 ( earlier post ). Audi is realigning its motorsport strategy.

2016 105