February, 2015

NREL refines method to convert lignin to nylon precursor

Green Car Congress

A new study from the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) demonstrates the conversion of lignin-derived compounds to adipic acid, an important industrial dicarboxylic acid produced for its use as a precursor to nylon, plasticizers, lubricants, polyesters, and other popular products and chemicals.

2015 295

E&B Oil Propaganda Goes Up in Flames, Burning Climate Wrecking, Oil-loving Sellouts & Sycophants

Creative Greenius

If you hate Hermosa Beach, its children, its history and its future then you’ll love the Barbarians’ plans to turn Hermosa into Bakersfield. Filed under: environment Tagged: climate wrecking oil loving sellouts & sycophants. environment climate wrecking oil loving sellouts & sycophants

2015 199
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Tesla's First Solar-Powered Supercharger-Store-Service Center Is Almost Ready

Green Car Reports

Electric-car maker Tesla Motors has rapidly been opening Supercharger DC fast-charging stations throughout the U.S. and outside the country. But despite its goal of providing solar-generated electricity at those sites, Superchargers thus far have drawn on electricity from the conventional power grid. That''s about to change. DON''T MISS: Tesla To

2015 132

GM's Chevy Bolt committed for production, little known about date or features

National Green Transportation

The Chevy Bolt is now committed to going to production, according to an announcement on Thursday GM North America President Alan Batey ahead of the Chicago Auto Show. The Chevy Bolt, unveiled in January at the NAIAS, is

2015 61

Raw video of explosion after W Va. oil train derailment and fire

Green Car Congress

Monday afternoon, a CSX oil train (109 cars, two locomotives, carrying Bakken crude from North Dakota) derailed in West Virginia, resulting in a fire, with an as yet unspecified number of cars rupturing and exploding. WVNS earlier reported that firefighters with the Boomer Fire Department said that there have been at least six explosions in connection with the fire.

2015 290

CMU team finds regional temperature differences have significant impact on EV efficiency, range and emissions

Green Car Congress

Energy consumption per mile averaged across the LEAF fleet over a full year (Wh/mi). Credit: ACS, Yuksel and Michalek. Click to enlarge. An adage about batteries is that they are like humans in performing best at moderate (e.g., room) temperatures; extremes in either direction impact performance. Thus, the efficiency of battery electric vehicles can vary with ambient temperature due to battery performance—as well as the energy required for cabin climate control.

2015 282

CMU, Ford, Drexel study suggests Chinese more receptive to adopting BEVs than Americans, regardless of subsidies

Green Car Congress

Results from a study by a team from Carnegie Mellon University, Ford and Drexel University suggest that Chinese consumers are more receptive to adopting battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) than their American counterparts, regardless of subsidies. The study is published in the journal Transportation Research Part A.

2015 279

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Battelle/Concurrent Technologies Corporation technology positioning paper: Improving Li-ion battery safety without decreasing energy density

Green Car Congress

introduction: The following technology positioning paper is a joint effort by a team from Battelle and Concurrent Technologies Corporation (CTC). The paper outlines the technology landscape and the opportunities that exist in the area of improved Li-ion battery safety. Energy is a common technology area on which both research organizations focus in different ways, noted Dr. Vicki Barbur, CTC Senior Vice President and CTO.

2015 270

New 2016 Range Rover Evoque with new Ingenium diesel will deliver up to 56 mpg; Geneva debut

Green Car Congress

Land Rover will stage the world debut of the MY 2016 Range Rover Evoque. Equipped with the EU6-compliant, four-cylinder Ingenium diesel ( earlier post) , the new Evoque will be the most efficient production Land Rover yet, with fuel consumption as low as 4.2 l/100 km (56 mpg US) and CO 2 emissions of 109 g/km.

2015 269

Mitsubishi Motors to unveil new small crossover PHEV concept at Geneva; headed for production

Green Car Congress

Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC) will stage the global debut of the Mitsubishi Concept XR-PHEV II at the 85 th Geneva International Motor Show. The Concept XR-PHEV II is a small crossover powered by a new plug-in hybrid EV (PHEV) system. Mitsubishi said it expects the Concept XR-PHEV II to become MMC’s second production PHEV following the Outlander PHEV launched in January 2013. Earlier post.) (The The Outlander PHEV was Europe’s top-selling plug-in vehicle in 2014, with 19,980 units sold.).

2015 264

Bosch wireless sensors on pavement report available parking spaces

Green Car Congress

At the Bosch ConnectedWorld conference in Berlin, the company unveiled wireless sensors, to be installed on pavement, that will create real-time maps of available parking spaces. These sensors recognize whether a parking space is occupied or not, and share this information via the internet. The wireless sensors installed on the pavement are built into stable, semicircular plastic housings similar to the kind often used to mark lanes on roads.

2015 263

Lux: carbon fiber to go mainstream in automobiles by 2025

Green Car Congress

Driven by a faster-than-expected pace of technology development, carbon-fiber reinforced plastics (CFRPs) will be poised to gain widespread adoption for automotive lightweighting by 2025, according to a new report from Lux Research, “Scaling Up Carbon Fiber: Roadmap to Automotive Adoption.”. Advances already underway in fiber, resin and composite part production will lead to a $6 billion market for automotive CFRPs in 2020, more than double Lux’s earlier projection. Earlier post.)

ESKAM finishing electric drive axle module for commercial vehicles, new production technologies; vehicle testing this year

Green Car Congress

Electric drive axle module with two motors and integrated power electronics. Groschopp AG. Click to enlarge. The ESKAM (Electric Scalable Axle Module, Elektrische SKalierbare AchsantriebsModule) consortium in Germany, sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), is completing the development of an optimized electric drive axle module for commercial vehicles, consisting of two motors, transmissions and power electronics.

2015 260

Honda includes stop-start system in new 2016 Honda Pilot for improved fuel economy, new 9-speed

Green Car Congress

Honda gave the all-new 2016 Honda Pilot SUV its global premiere at the 2015 Chicago Auto Show. The 2016 Pilot, launching at Honda dealerships nationwide this summer, is the third generation of Honda’s three-row midsize SUV to be designed, developed and manufactured in the US. The 2016 Pilot features a new 3.5-liter, direct-injected i-VTEC V-6 engine with two-stage Variable Cylinder Management (VCM) cylinder deactivation technology.

2015 258

Harvard hybrid “bionic leaf” converts solar energy to liquid fuel isopropanol

Green Car Congress

Scientists from a team spanning Harvard University’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard Medical School and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University have developed a scalable, integrated bioelectrochemical system that uses bacteria to convert solar energy into a liquid fuel. Their work integrates water-splitting catalysts comprising earth-abundant components with wild-type and engineered Ralstonia eutropha bacteria to generate biomass and isopropyl alcohol.

2015 257

Making the Mirai fuel cell vehicle

Green Car Congress

In Japan, Toyota Motor held a production ceremony at the Motomachi Plant, which first began production in 1959, to mark the production of the Mirai fuel cell vehicle, which the company launched in November 2014, and began selling in Japan in December 2014. Earlier post.). Motomachi has been home to some of Toyota’s most notable models, including the Publica, Corona, Cresta, Soarer, Supra, RAV4, and the Lexus LFA supercar.

2015 256

Audi testing carbon-fiber exoskeleton “chairless chair” for assembly workers at Neckarsulm

Green Car Congress

Audi is testing a new technology that eases many assembly activities at its plant in Neckarsulm: the “chairless chair.” The carbon-fiber exoskeleton allows employees to sit without a chair. At the same time, it improves their posture and reduces the strain on their legs. The chairless chair, which Audi has further developed together with a Swiss start?up up company, is an exoskeleton that is worn on the back of the legs. It is fastened with belts to the hips, knees and ankles. Two leather?covered

2015 253

Porsche names GKN Driveline “Technology Partner” for eAxle system in 918 Spyder plug-in hybrid supercar

Green Car Congress

Porsche has awarded GKN Driveline “Technology Partner” status for its development of the high-performance eAxle for the 918 Spyder, an advanced plug-in hybrid supercar. Earlier post.) GKN Driveline’s eAxle module—used for the 918 Spyder’s front axle—supports full-electric mode, all-wheel drive and provides a boost function. The eAxle that supplements the 918 Spyder’s hybridized 4.6-liter V8 is an evolution of the company’s innovative eAxle drive. Earlier post.)

2015 253

PG&E proposes major build-out of 25,000 electric vehicle charging stations in California

Green Car Congress

Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) has filed an application with the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) for permission to build an estimated 25,000 electric vehicle (EV) chargers at sites across its service area in Northern and Central California—8 times the number currently installed. If approved, this program would be the largest deployment of EV charging stations in the country, PG&E said.

2015 250

Study: fully self-driving cars could result in fewer cars, but more miles driven per car

Green Car Congress

Autonomous vehicles (completely self-driving, level 4) may reduce the number of vehicles a family needs, but may lead to an increase in total miles driven per vehicle, according to a new analysis by researchers at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute.

2015 248

Audi to offer new R8 e-tron EV on request; almost 2x pack capacity, 280-mile range with new Li-ion technology (update 1)

Green Car Congress

Audi is presenting the second generation of its high-performance R8 sports car at the upcoming Geneva show, featuring new V10 engines, newly developed quattro drive, and a new multimaterial Audi Space Frame (ASF) combining aluminum and carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). The top of the range version delivers 449 kW (610 hp), achieving 0 to 100 km/h (62.1 mph) in 3.2 seconds, with a top speed of 330 km/h (205.1

2015 244

Proterra introduces new extended range battery pack for electric transit buses; up to 180 miles

Green Car Congress

Electric transitbus manufacturer Proterra Inc. has launched a new extended-range product line. With the new TerraVolt XR extended-range battery, Proterra buses can now be configured to travel up to 180 miles (290 km) between charges. This newest high energy density battery complements the existing TerraVolt FC fast-charge battery which has been extensively tested over nearly one million customer revenue miles.

2015 244

Ricardo develops prototype next-generation 85 kW switched reluctance EV motor; no rare earth elements

Green Car Congress

The Ricardo RapidSR switched reluctance drive motor avoids the use of rare earth elements. Click to enlarge. Ricardo has developed a new prototype 85 kW synchronous reluctance motor designed primarily for electric vehicle traction applications. The motor avoids the use of expensive rare earth elements, while delivering strong performance at a significantly reduced cost.

2015 243

Senators Feinstein, Toomey introduce bill to repeal ethanol mandate in RFS

Green Car Congress

US Senators Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) and Pat Toomey (R-Pa.) have introduced a bill to abolish the corn ethanol mandate in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). Jeff Flake (R-Ariz.) is also a co-sponsor of the measure. The federal mandate for corn ethanol is both unwise and unworkable. Our bill addresses that with a simple, smart modification to the Renewable Fuel Standard program. A significant amount of US corn is currently used for fuel.

2015 241

Calif. Energy Commission to award nearly $1.3M to support efforts for plug-ins and fuel cell vehicles

Green Car Congress

The California Energy Commission’s Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (ARFVTP) announced the availability of up to $1,297,816 in Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Readiness funding to support new and existing planning efforts for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). PON-14-607 ) Grant funds will be awarded on a “first-come, first-served basis.”. Funding Categories and Award Amounts. Category. Category name. Minimum award. Maximum award.

2015 240

Volkswagen of America to invest $10M in EV charging infrastructure by 2016; calls for more legislative support to spur EV adoption

Green Car Congress

Volkswagen of America will invest $10 million by 2016 to support the build-out of electric vehicle charging infrastructure in the US, said Jörg Sommer, vice president, product marketing and strategy. At the same time, Sommer said in his presentation at the 2015 Electric Drive Congress in Washington DC, continued legislative support is needed to reach the next level of electric vehicle adoption.

2015 237

Study: natural gas heavy-duty trucking fleet could benefit economy, but has mixed environmental effects

Green Car Congress

Switching from diesel fuel to natural gas may hold advantages for the US heavy-duty trucking fleet, but more needs to be done to reach the full environmental benefits, according to a new white paper released by the Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California, Davis, and Rice University.

2015 236

Study finds wide range in GHG intensities and production costs of cellulosic ethanol from corn stover, switchgrass and miscanthus

Green Car Congress

A team led by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has developed an integrated framework to determine and to compare greenhouse gas (GHG) intensities and production costs of cellulosic ethanol derived from corn stover, switchgrass, and miscanthus grown on high and low quality soils for three representative counties in the Eastern United States.

2015 235

NEESC releases 2015 hydrogen & fuel cell development plans for eight Northeastern states; power generation and transportation

Green Car Congress

The Northeast Electrochemical Energy Storage Cluster ( NEESC ), administered by Connecticut Center for Advanced Technology Inc. CCAT ), released the 2015 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Development Plans for each of the eight states in the Northeast US.

2015 235

Mercedes AMG PETRONAS unveils 2015 F1 W06 Hybrid

Green Car Congress

The Mercedes AMG PETRONAS Formula One Team unveiled its 2015 Formula One World Championship challenger, the F1 W06 Hybrid, ahead of the first day of pre-season testing at the Circuito de Jerez in Spain. An intensive design phase combining incremental gains and targeted innovation has produced the F1 W06 Hybrid, a car which delivers mechanical, structural, aerodynamic and weight saving developments over its predecessor, the F1 W05 Hybrid.

2015 235

ICCT finds growth in shipping in Arctic could increase pollutant emissions 150-600% by 2025 with current fuels

Green Car Congress

Comparison of the potential reduction in emissions with the application of lower sulfur 0.5% and 0.1% fuel for Arctic vessels assuming a low-growth scenario. Source: ICCT. Click to enlarge.

2015 232

SDG&E piloting integration of EVs and energy storage systems into CAISO energy markets for demand response services

Green Car Congress

In a pilot vehicle-to-grid project, San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E) is actively bidding a group of energy storage systems and electric vehicle fleets as one resource directly into the California Independent System Operator’s ( CAISO ) energy markets. These markets include those that address short-term imbalances in electricity supply caused by such things as intermittent renewable energy. This marks SDG&E as one of the first utilities to integrate EVs into California’s wholesale energy market.

2015 230

ARCADIS Sustainable Cities Index: US cities held back by transportation, environmental factors

Green Car Congress

The largest US cities—New York, Los Angeles and Chicago—score best in economic factors but are hindered by poor transportation infrastructure, lack of green spaces and diminishing affordable housing, according to the inaugural Sustainable Cities Index by ARCADIS, a leading global natural and built asset design and consultancy firm. Well established European cities come top of the overall rankings, with Frankfurt in first place, followed by London, Copenhagen, Amsterdam and Rotterdam.

2015 228

ICCT reviews real-world tractor-trailer fuel economy in US, China and Europe

Green Car Congress

The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) has published a new paper reviewing and summarizing data on commercial vehicle sales and real-world fuel consumption for heavy-duty tractor-trailers in the three key markets of the US, China and Europe, which together account for more than 70% of HDV sales worldwide. The review found that in the US, average tractor-trailer fuel consumption rates for the entire fleet are approximately 39 L/100 km (6 mpg).

2015 228

Bosch, BMW and Vattenfall launch Second Life Batteries alliance for reuse of EV batteries

Green Car Congress

Bosch is cooperating with BMW and Vattenfall to explore second-life applications for EV batteries. The partners have launched the Second Life Batteries alliance and are interconnecting used batteries from electric vehicles to form a large-scale energy storage system in Hamburg. BMW and Vattenfall has announced the start of a research project on such second-life uses in 2013. Earlier post.).

2015 226

New PNNL electrolyte may enable use of lithium anodes in very high capacity advanced batteries

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have developed a new electrolyte that allows lithium-sulfur, lithium-metal and lithium-air batteries to operate at 99% efficiency, while having a high current density and without growing dendrites that short-circuit rechargeable batteries. An open-access paper on their work is published in the journal Nature Communications.

2015 224

A*STAR researchers suggest monolayer phosphorene promising anode material for high-performance Li-ion batteries

Green Car Congress

Researchers at A*STAR in Singapore are proposing the use of monolayer phosphorene—a 2D material isolated from black phosphorus—as an anode material for high charging voltage, high rate capability Li-ion batteries. In a paper published in the ACS journal Nano Letters , they described their use of density functional theory calculations to investigate the binding and diffusion behavior of Lithium in phosphorene.

2015 224