MIT researchers boost efficiency of carbon capture and conversion systems

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Researchers at MIT have developed a method that could significantly boost the performance of carbon capture and conversion systems that use catalytic surfaces to enhance the rates of carbon-sequestering electrochemical reactions. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Solar fuels

Study finds direct seawater splitting has substantial drawbacks to conventional water splitting, offers almost no advantage

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A study by a team of researchers from Technische Universität Berlin (TUB) and Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft has found that direct seawater splitting for hydrogen production has substantial drawbacks compared to conventional water splitting and offers almost no advantage.

Water 395

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Successful demonstration of FlexMethanol conversion of wind power to methanol

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In Germany, BSE Engineering and the Institute for Renewable Energy Systems at Stralsund University of Applied Sciences (IRES) have demonstrated the conversion of wind power into renewable methanol. The team uses green electricity to split water into hydrogen and oxygen in an electrolysis step.

2020 301

Photocatalytic optical fibers convert water into hydrogen

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Researchers at the University of Southampton have transformed optical fibers into photocatalytic microreactors that convert water into hydrogen fuel using solar energy.

2020 310

ULEMCo delivers water tanker converted to use hydrogen dual fuel

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UK-based ULEMCo has worked with Yorkshire Water to produce what is believed to be the first water tanker anywhere to operate on hydrogen fuel. Conversions Diesel Engines Hydrogen

2020 224

Researchers discover novel water-assisted approach to double or triple rate of furfural conversion

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Researchers at the University of Oklahoma, in collaboration with the University of Tulsa, have a novel approach for the water-assisted upgrading of the renewable chemical furfural, doubling or tripling the rate of conversion. Here, using furfural as an example, we reveal the important role of water-mediated protonation in a typical hydrogenation reaction over a supported Pd catalyst. Energy and water are interconnected in the production of renewable fuels.

2019 187

Researchers develop titanium and copper heterostructured photocatalyst for conversion of CO2 into CH4

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Scientists at Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology, Korea, have developed a novel heterostructured photocatalyst using titanium and copper, two abundant and relatively inexpensive metals, for the conversion of CO 2 into CH 4. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels

2020 278

Compass Minerals confirms successful conversion testing of Great Salt Lake lithium brine resource to battery-grade lithium hydroxide

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The company engaged Veolia Energy, an established technology provider, to conduct lithium chloride to lithium hydroxide conversion testing utilizing a proven, commercially viable conversion process.

BMW i Ventures invests in Prometheus Fuels; CO2 air-capture and conversion to carbon-neutral gasoline

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The conversion of CO 2 to fuels in these inexpensive water-based systems has shown high faradic efficiencies for reduction of CO 2. The separation of ethanol and other fuel products from water. A previous obstacle to the aqueous CO 2 electrolysis pathway has been the difficulty of separating ethanol and other alcohols from water. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Fuels Vehicle Manufacturers

2020 262

Evonik and Siemens Energy commission pilot plant for conversion of CO2 to chemicals

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Evonik and Siemens Energy commissioned a pilot plant—sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)—that uses carbon dioxide and water to produce chemicals. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Market Background

2020 224

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The EU-funded SOLAR-JET project has demonstrated the production of aviation kerosene from concentrated sunlight, CO 2 captured from air, and water. SOLAR-JET ( S olar chemical reactor demonstration and O ptimization for L ong-term A vailability of R enewable JET fuel) uses sunlight in a concentrated solar reactor to convert CO 2 and water to syngas (a mixture of hydrogen and CO), which is then processed in a Fischer-Tropsch reactor to aviation kerosene.

2014 227

Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 341

New $30M ARPA-E program to produce renewable liquid fuels from renewable energy, air and water

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The US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced up to $30 million in funding for a new program for technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into cost-competitive liquid fuels. ( ARPA-E’s Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-dense Liquids (REFUEL) program seeks to develop technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into Carbon Neutral Liquid Fuels (CNLF). Conversion efficiency, %.

2016 195

Lufthansa, ETH Zürich, Climeworks & Synhelion to cooperate on Sustainable Aviation Fuels; CO2 capture & solar thermochemical conversion

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The researchers and engineers at ETH Zurich have developed innovative processes that make it possible to extract CO 2 from the atmosphere and, together with water and with the help of concentrated sunlight, convert it into a synthesis gas that can be used to produce jet fuel.

2020 242

Researchers develop two-step method for efficient decoupled water splitting

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A team of researchers in Israel has developed a two-step electrochemical-chemical cycle for decoupled water splitting with high efficiency. In a purely electrolytic scheme, the water oxidation and reduction reactions are tightly coupled in both time and space, as they occur simultaneously at two electrodes—an anode and a cathode—placed together in the same cell. Schematic of alkaline water electrolysis and the E-TAC water-splitting process.

2019 238

SwRI, UTSA seek to combine reverse water-gas shift and Fischer Tropsch synthesis in single reactor to produce low-carbon hydrocarbon fuels

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Combining the functionality of these two catalytic processes, reverse water-gas shift and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, into a single reactor would simplify the process and increase its economic viability. The effort will also explore novel catalyst formations aimed at combining reverse water-gas shift and Fischer Tropsch synthesis functions, which Jacobs will create and characterize at UTSA. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Fuels Gas-to-Liquids (GTL

Carbon 172

Israeli team develops decoupled PEC water-splitting system for centralized production of H2

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Researchers in Israel have designed a separate-cell photoelectrochemical (PEC) water-splitting system with decoupled hydrogen and oxygen cells for centralized hydrogen production. Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Cell Architectures. (A)

2020 302

Japan team reports pathway to green ammonia: photocatalytic conversion of nitrogen with water

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Researchers in Japan report that a commercially available TiO 2 with a large number of surface oxygen vacancies, when photo-irradiated by UV light in pure water with nitrogen—successfully produces ammonia (NH 3 ). The solar-to-chemical energy conversion efficiency is 0.02%, which is the highest efficiency among the early reported photocatalytic systems. As a result of this, NH 3 is produced from water and N 2 under ambient conditions by using sunlight as energy source.

2017 163

Kobe team develops method for highly efficient hydrogen production using sunlight, water and hematite

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A research group led by Associate Professor Takashi Tachikawa of Kobe University’s Molecular Photoscience Research Center has developed a strategy that greatly increases the amount of hydrogen produced from sunlight and water using hematite (??Fe

2020 286

ReactWell licenses ORNL catalyst for direct conversion of CO2 to ethanol

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ReactWell , LLC, has licensed a novel waste-to-fuel technology from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to improve energy conversion methods for cleaner, more efficient oil and gas, chemical and bioenergy production. ReactWell will bring ORNL’s electrochemical process, which converts carbon dioxide directly into ethanol ( earlier post ), into the company’s existing conversion solution known as the ReactWell process.

2019 251

Maersk selects Wärtsilä HY Module hybrid solution for AHTS vessel conversion

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The hybrid power conversion will be carried out on the Maersk Minder , a deep-water anchor-handling tug-supply (AHTS) vessel during the early part of 2022. This is believed to be the world’s first AHTS hybrid battery conversion.

New version of Argonne lifecycle model for water footprint of biofuels now includes cellulosic feedstocks

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of the online tool Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources ( WATER ) this week. This latest version of WATER allows, for the first time, biofuels manufacturers to analyze water consumption associated with use of cellulosic feedstocks such as residue left from lumber production and other wood-based resources. WATER adopts a water footprint methodology, and contains extensive climate, land use, water resource, and process water data.

2015 209

GWU team uses one-pot process to co-generate H2 and solid carbon from water and CO2; solar fuels

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One-pot electrolytic process produces H 2 and solid carbon from water and CO 2. A team at George Washington University led by Professor Stuart Licht has simultaneously co-generated hydrogen and solid carbon fuels from water and CO 2 using a mixed hydroxide/carbonate electrolyte in a “single-pot” electrolytic synthesis at temperatures below 650 ?C. 2014), “A One-Pot Synthesis of Hydrogen and Carbon Fuels from Water and Carbon Dioxide,” Adv.

2014 207

Klimatklivet awards Liquid Wind €15M toward production of eMethanol

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The new facility will upcycle carbon dioxide emissions and combine this with green hydrogen, made from renewable electricity and water to produce eMethanol. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Market Background Methanol Power-to-Liquids

Wind 342

2019 Keeling Curve Prize winners include Opus 12; conversion of CO2 into fuels and chemicals

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water and electricity to produce higher-energy carbon-based products and a co-product of pure oxygen. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) FuelsThe Keeling Curve Prize (KCP) has selected 10 winners for 2019, among them Opus 12 (Berkeley, California) which is developing a device that recycles CO? into cost-competitive chemicals and fuels. Earlier post.). The Opus 12 process—based on the electrochemical reduction of CO 2 —combines CO?,

2019 186

S. Korean researchers develop new catalytic pathway for direct conversion of CO2 to liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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A team led by Professor Jae Sung Lee at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), with colleagues at Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), have developed a new pathway for the direct conversion of CO 2 to liquid transportation fuels by reaction with renewable hydrogen produced by solar water splitting. Hence, this report focuses on the catalytic CO 2 -to-liquid fuel conversion (CO 2 FT synthesis) with renewable H 2.

2016 221

Toyota and DIFFER partner on direct solar production of hydrogen from humid air, rather than water

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The Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research ( DIFFER ) is partnering with Toyota Motor Europe (TME) to develop a device that absorbs water vapor, and splits it into hydrogen and oxygen directly using solar energy. When hydrogen is combined with oxygen in a fuel cell, the energy is released in the form of electricity, with clean water as the only emission. This first prototype achieved 70% of the performance that is obtained when an equivalent device is filled with water.

2019 270

NCSU team develops catalyst for thermal hybrid water-splitting and syngas generation with exceptional conversion; H2 gas and liquid fuels

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Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a highly effective new perovskite-promoted iron oxide redox catalyst for a hybrid solar-redox scheme they had proposed earlier for partial oxidation and water-splitting of methane. In contrast, previously reported ferrite materials typically exhibit 20% or lower steam to hydrogen conversion. Researchers have long known that iron oxide can be used as a catalyst for thermal water splitting, but it is not very efficient.

2015 181

Exeter team develops low-cost photoelectrode for spontaneous water-splitting using sunlight

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The nanostructured photoelectrode results in spontaneous hydrogen evolution from water without any external bias applied with a faradaic efficiency of 30% and excellent stability. One way this could be achieved is by using photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting which directly converts water and sunlight to solar fuel (hydrogen). The water splitting was conducted in a glass reactor vessel.

2018 276

Argonne LCA study finds many alternative fuels consume more water than petroleum and natural gas fuels

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have analyzed the water consumption for transportation fuels in the United States using an extended lifecycle system boundary that includes the water embedded in intermediate processing steps. In a paper published in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science , they compared the water consumed per unit energy and per km traveled in light-duty vehicles. Biomass Fuels Hydrogen Lifecycle analysis Power Generation Water

2016 150

Evonik and Siemens launch phase 2 of Rheticus: butanol, hexanol from CO2 and water using renewable electricity and bacteria

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The goal is to develop an efficient and powerful test plant that will use carbon dioxide and water as well as electricity from renewable sources and bacteria to produce specialty chemicals. In a first step, carbon dioxide and water are converted into carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen in electrolyzers with the aid of electricity. Artificial photosynthesis means combining chemical and biological steps so that energy can be used to produce viable chemicals from CO 2 and water.

2019 163

Columbia University engineers make breakthrough in understanding electroreduction of CO2 for conversion to electrofuels

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Recent research in electrocatalytic CO 2 conversion points the way to using CO 2 as a feedstock and renewable electricity as an energy supply for the synthesis of different types of fuel and value-added chemicals such as ethylene, ethanol, and propane. In addition, our insight into CO 2 activation at the solid-water interface will enable researchers to better model the prebiotic scenarios from CO 2 to complex organic molecules that may have led to the origin of life on our planet.

2018 181

Researchers develop efficient single-atom Ni catalyst for conversion of CO2 to CO

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While Ni metal catalyzes the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) exclusively under CO 2 RR conditions, Ni single atomic sites present a high CO selectivity of 95% under an overpotential of 550 mV in water, and an excellent stability over 20 hours’ continuous electrolysis. The anion membrane electrode assembly prevented the direct contact between the catalyst and liquid water, maximally suppressing the H 2 evolution side reaction and facilitating the CO 2 mass transport.

2018 183

Audi in new e-fuels project: synthetic diesel from water, air-captured CO2 and green electricity; “Blue Crude”

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Audi’s latest e-fuels project is participation in a a pilot plant project in Dresden that produces diesel fuel from water, CO 2 and green electricity. The sunfire plant, which operates according to the “power-to-liquid” (PtL) principle, requires carbon dioxide, water and electricity as raw materials. In a separate process, a solid oxide electrolysis (SOEC) unit powered with green electricity splits water into hydrogen and oxygen.

2014 317

ASU and Argonne researchers report progress on artificial leaf for solar conversion of water to H2 and O2

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Designing an artificial leaf that uses solar energy to convert water cheaply and efficiently into hydrogen and oxygen is one of the goals of BISfuel (Bio-inspired Solar fuel production)—the Energy Frontier Research Center, funded by the Department of Energy, in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at Arizona State University.

2014 205

Berkeley Lab copper catalyst yields high-efficiency CO2-to-fuels conversion

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What we know is that this unique structure provides a beneficial chemical environment for CO2 conversion to multicarbon products,” he said. The cube-like shapes and associated interface may be providing an ideal meeting place where the carbon dioxide, water, and electrons can come together. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Climate Change Fuels

2017 150

ORNL team devises electrocatalyst for direct conversion of CO2 into ethanol with high selectivity; pushing the combustion reaction in reverse

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed an electrocatalyst which operates at room temperature and in water for the electroreduction of dissolved CO 2 with high selectivity for ethanol. With the help of the nanotechnology-based catalyst which contains multiple reaction sites, the solution of carbon dioxide dissolved in water turned into ethanol with a yield of 63%. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Ethanol

2016 236

New halogen conversion-intercalation chemistry enables high-energy density aqueous Li-ion battery

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developed a halogen conversion–intercalation chemistry in graphite that produces composite electrodes with a capacity of 243 mAh g -1 (for the total weight of the electrode) at an average potential of 4.2 The cell is based on an anion conversion–intercalation mechanism that combines the high energy densities of conversion reactions, the excellent reversibility of intercalation and the improved safety of aqueous batteries. Proposed conversion–intercalation chemistry.

2019 229

Researchers at UC Santa Barbara develop efficient and stable plasmonic water splitter; potential alternative to semiconductor-based solar conversion

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Researchers at UC Santa Barbara have developed an efficient, autonomous solar water-splitting device based on a gold nanorod array in which essentially all charge carriers involved in the oxidation and reduction steps arise from the hot electrons resulting from the excitation of surface plasmons in the nanostructured gold (plasmonic water-splitter). The autonomous plasmonic solar water splitter, which was operated with 1 M potassium borate electrolyte (pH 9.6)

2013 195

Argonne team combines two protein complexes to make hydrogen fuel from water

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Researchers from the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have combined two membrane-bound protein complexes to perform a complete conversion of water molecules to hydrogen and oxygen. Sunlight-driven production of hydrogen from water provides a sustainable approach to achieve a clean, renewable alternative fuel to fossil fuels.

2019 221

Study finds perennial biofuel crops’ water consumption similar to corn

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Evapotranspiration (ET) refers to the sum total of water lost while the plant is growing, either from evaporation through the plant stem itself (a process called “transpiration”), or from water evaporated off of the plant’s leaves or the ground. Land conversion to biofuel production is an example of a potential large-scale land cover change. Hamilton uses the soil-water sensors to measure the rate of evapotranspiration occurring within each cropping system.

2015 202

China team develops efficient multifunctional catalyst for conversion of CO2 to gasoline-range hydrocarbons

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This catalyst exhibited 78% selectivity to C 5 -C 11 as well as low (4%) CH 4 at a CO 2 conversion of 22% under industrial relevant conditions. Moreover, the multifunctional catalyst exhibited a remarkable stability for 1,000 h on stream, showing potential to be a promising industrial catalyst for CO 2 conversion to liquid fuels. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts FuelsA research team led by Dr. Jian Sun and Prof.

2017 163

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Its first commercial-scale production plant obtains carbon dioxide from gas emissions from a geothermal power plant and hydrogen via electrolysis of water using renewable sources of energy from the Icelandic power grid (from hydro, geothermal and wind sources).

2015 212