New $30M ARPA-E program to produce renewable liquid fuels from renewable energy, air and water

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The US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced up to $30 million in funding for a new program for technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into cost-competitive liquid fuels. ( Conversion efficiency, %.

2016 94

Japan team reports pathway to green ammonia: photocatalytic conversion of nitrogen with water

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Researchers in Japan report that a commercially available TiO 2 with a large number of surface oxygen vacancies, when photo-irradiated by UV light in pure water with nitrogen—successfully produces ammonia (NH 3 ). The solar-to-chemical energy conversion efficiency is 0.02%, which is the highest efficiency among the early reported photocatalytic systems. As a result of this, NH 3 is produced from water and N 2 under ambient conditions by using sunlight as energy source.

2017 65

Trending Sources

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The EU-funded SOLAR-JET project has demonstrated the production of aviation kerosene from concentrated sunlight, CO 2 captured from air, and water. Aviation Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Solar Solar fuels SOLAR-JET concentrated thermochemical reactor.

Solar 89

Researchers develop efficient single-atom Ni catalyst for conversion of CO2 to CO

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While Ni metal catalyzes the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) exclusively under CO 2 RR conditions, Ni single atomic sites present a high CO selectivity of 95% under an overpotential of 550 mV in water, and an excellent stability over 20 hours’ continuous electrolysis. The anion membrane electrode assembly prevented the direct contact between the catalyst and liquid water, maximally suppressing the H 2 evolution side reaction and facilitating the CO 2 mass transport.

2018 72

S. Korean researchers develop new catalytic pathway for direct conversion of CO2 to liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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Proposed carbon capture and utilization (CCU) system based on catalytic CO 2 conversion to liquid hydrocarbon fuels with hydrogen supplied from solar water splitting. Hence, this report focuses on the catalytic CO 2 -to-liquid fuel conversion (CO 2 FT synthesis) with renewable H 2.

2016 115

New plasma synthesis process for one-step conversion of CO2 and methane into higher value fuel and chemicals

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Instead of using H 2 , direct conversion of CO 2 with CH 4 (dry reforming of methane, DRM) to liquid fuels and chemicals (e.g. The experiment was carried out in a coaxial dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor with a novel water electrode at atmospheric pressure and room temperature.

2017 89

New version of Argonne lifecycle model for water footprint of biofuels now includes cellulosic feedstocks

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of the online tool Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources ( WATER ) this week. WATER adopts a water footprint methodology, and contains extensive climate, land use, water resource, and process water data. Water footprint accounting.

2015 78

China team develops efficient multifunctional catalyst for conversion of CO2 to gasoline-range hydrocarbons

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This catalyst exhibited 78% selectivity to C 5 -C 11 as well as low (4%) CH 4 at a CO 2 conversion of 22% under industrial relevant conditions. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts FuelsA research team led by Dr. Jian Sun and Prof.

2017 84

ORNL team devises electrocatalyst for direct conversion of CO2 into ethanol with high selectivity; pushing the combustion reaction in reverse

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed an electrocatalyst which operates at room temperature and in water for the electroreduction of dissolved CO 2 with high selectivity for ethanol. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Ethanol

2016 112

NCSU team develops catalyst for thermal hybrid water-splitting and syngas generation with exceptional conversion; H2 gas and liquid fuels

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Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a highly effective new perovskite-promoted iron oxide redox catalyst for a hybrid solar-redox scheme they had proposed earlier for partial oxidation and water-splitting of methane.

2015 78

Light over heat: UV-driven rhodium nanoparticles catalyze conversion of CO2 to methane

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Duke University researchers have engineered rhodium nanoparticles that can harness the energy in ultraviolet light and use it to catalyze the conversion of carbon dioxide to methane, a key building block for many types of fuels. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Fuels Solar fuels

2017 78

Audi in new e-fuels project: synthetic diesel from water, air-captured CO2 and green electricity; “Blue Crude”

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Audi’s latest e-fuels project is participation in a a pilot plant project in Dresden that produces diesel fuel from water, CO 2 and green electricity. In a separate process, a solid oxide electrolysis (SOEC) unit powered with green electricity splits water into hydrogen and oxygen.

2014 124

ASU and Argonne researchers report progress on artificial leaf for solar conversion of water to H2 and O2

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The fast one is the step where light energy is converted to chemical energy, and the slow one is the step where the chemical energy is used to convert water into its elements viz.

2014 89

A Conversation

Revenge of the Electric Car

CHRIS: I care about the health and the quality of life whether its drinking water, the air that we burn up with our cars, or the food we consume everyday. Below is an interview with Director Chris Paine and Journalist Robert Steadman with UK-based Blue and Green Tomorrow : ROB: Was it difficult to gain behind the scenes access to the auto industry after the first film? Was there a level of distrust among the execs? CHRIS: Yes.

Elemental boron effective photothermocatalyst for the conversion of CO2 for fuels and chemicals

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Researchers in Japan and China developed an efficient method for CO 2 reduction over elemental boron catalysts in the presence of only water and light irradiation through a photothermocatalytic process. This allowed the team to carry out the efficient reduction of CO 2 to form carbon monoxide (CO) and methane (CH 4 ) under irradiation in the presence of water, with no additional reagents or co-catalysts. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Emissions Fuels

2017 60

Researchers at UC Santa Barbara develop efficient and stable plasmonic water splitter; potential alternative to semiconductor-based solar conversion

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The autonomous plasmonic solar water splitter, which was operated with 1 M potassium borate electrolyte (pH 9.6) Structure and mechanism of operation of the autonomous plasmonic solar water splitter. (a) This causes the reaction that splits hydrogen ions from the bond that forms water.

2013 84

Georgia Tech team develops highly efficient multi-phase catalyst for SOFCs and other energy storage and conversion systems

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The catalyst is also readily applicable to other energy storage and conversion systems, including metal-air batteries, supercapacitors, electrolyzers, dye-sensitized solar cells, and photocatalysis. The ions meet to make water, which exits the fuel cell.

2018 89

Big EV conversion, little EV conversion

Electric Cars are for Girls

Lets take a big F-250, fill up the back with lots of batteries,electric hot water heat and a great sound system! What motor would you

UI, Argonne develop catalyst for more efficient solar-powered reduction of CO2 to CO for conversion to fuel

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They also applied this catalyst in a light-harvesting artificial leaf platform that concurrently oxidized water in the absence of any external potential. In the second step, the holes react with water molecules, creating protons and oxygen molecules.

2016 78

UC Santa Barbara team develops catalytic molten metals for direct conversion of methane to hydrogen without forming CO2

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Bi 0.73 ) achieved 95% methane conversion at 1065°C in a 1.1-meter bubble column and produced pure hydrogen without CO 2 or other by-products. Under these conditions, the equilibrium conversion is 98%. When the temperature was reduced to 1040 °C, the CH 4 conversion decreased to 86%.

2017 94

Arc 1 Conversion Journal 3/3/2012

DIY Electric Car

My professional life has kept me busy, but I still have made good progress on my conversion. The air conditioning evaporator is now able to be converted to my cold water heat exchanger. First, someone on the forums has offered to sell an adapter from one of their former conversions. It has been about 5 months since I posted my first blog about converting my car to electricity. Winter 2011-2012: Engine Bay and Under-car: The car is now completely gas-less.

Integrated solar-driven system for electrochemical energy storage and water electrolysis for H2 production

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A team from UCLA and colleagues from Tarbiat Modares University and Shahed University in Iran have devised an integrated solar-powered system for both electrochemical energy storage and water electrolysis. The Ni-Co-Fe LDH exhibited excellent electrochemical properties both as an active electrode material in supercapacitors, and as a catalyst in the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) for water splitting.

2017 65

Study Finds Water Use for Switchgrass Ethanol Production Approximately the Same as for Gasoline

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The production of both bio and petroleum feedstocks and fuels requires substantial water input. In many cases, the Argonne team noted, crude oil production is increasingly water dependent. Finally, the use of produced-water re-injection for oil recovery should be increased.

Water 89

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Its first commercial-scale production plant obtains carbon dioxide from gas emissions from a geothermal power plant and hydrogen via electrolysis of water using renewable sources of energy from the Icelandic power grid (from hydro, geothermal and wind sources).

2015 69

Univ. Houston, Caltech team develops new earth-abundant, cost-effective catalyst for water-splitting

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One direct and effective route to generate H 2 is based on electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) from water splitting, in which an efficient catalyst is required to ensure the energy efficiency.

PSI team demonstrates direct hydrocarbon fuel production from water and CO2 by solar-driven thermochemical cycles

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syngas—from water and CO 2. Now, a team from the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in Switzerland has demonstrated the direct production of hydrocarbon fuel—specifically methane—from water and CO 2 by incorporating a catalytic process into STCs.

2016 84

Scientists develop method for direct conversion of methane to methanol or acetic acid under mild conditions

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory, Tufts University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have shown that mononuclear rhodium species, anchored on a zeolite or titanium dioxide support suspended in aqueous solution, can catalyze the direct conversion of methane to methanol and acetic acid using oxygen and carbon monoxide under mild conditions. In a paper in the journal Nature , they report that the two products form through independent pathways, allowing the tuning of the conversion.

2017 65

NREL researchers capture excess photon energy to produce solar fuels; higher efficiency water-splitting for H2

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The advancement could significantly boost the production of hydrogen from sunlight by using the cell to split water at a higher efficiency and lower cost than current photoelectrochemical approaches.

2017 78

Study finds perennial biofuel crops’ water consumption similar to corn

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Evapotranspiration (ET) refers to the sum total of water lost while the plant is growing, either from evaporation through the plant stem itself (a process called “transpiration”), or from water evaporated off of the plant’s leaves or the ground. Land conversion to biofuel production is an example of a potential large-scale land cover change. Hamilton uses the soil-water sensors to measure the rate of evapotranspiration occurring within each cropping system.

2015 65

Researchers create efficient, simple-to-manufacture photoanode for solar water-splitting

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Having established the technique, Whitmire said it will now be much easier to investigate hybrid catalysts for many applications, including petrochemical production, energy conversion and refrigeration.

2017 84

Swiss team develops effective and low-cost solar water-splitting device; 14.2% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency

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As the V OC of the presented c-Si cells is only ∼600 mV, four cells need to be connected in series to achieve stable water splitting performance.

Solar 84

Researchers show mixotrophic fermentation process improves carbon conversion, boosting yields and reducing CO2

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One way to mitigate high feedstock cost is to maximize conversion into the bioproduct of interest. This maximization, though, is limited because of the production of CO 2 during the conversion of sugar into acetyl-CoA in traditional fermentation processes.

2016 109

Sandia-led team demonstrates two efficient hybrid biochemical routes for lignin conversion to value-added chemicals

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A Sandia National Laboratories-led team has demonstrated two new routes to lignin conversion that combine the advantages of earlier methods while minimizing their drawbacks. Conversely, harsh chemicals can deconstruct lignin in hours or even minutes. The team’s first new conversion method is a multi-stage process that begins by pre-treating lignin with a weak solution of hydrogen peroxide and water.

2017 69

DOE’s $10M Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium accelerating development of green hydrogen production

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The Energy Department (DOE) recently announced $10 million, subject to appropriations, to support the launch of the HydroGEN Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium ( HydroGEN ). As part of the EMN, the HydroGEN consortium will provide industry and academia the expertise and capabilities to more quickly develop, characterize, and deploy high-performance, low-cost advanced water-splitting materials for lower cost hydrogen production.

2016 78

Rice team demonstrates plasmonic hot-electron solar water-splitting technology; simpler, cheaper and efficient

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Researchers at Rice have demonstrated an efficient new way to use solar energy for water splitting. Structure and mechanism of operation of plasmonic photocathode for plasmon-mediated direct electron injection to drive solar-to-chemical energy conversion. (a)

2015 94

Solar reactor for the two-step thermochemical production of fuels from water and carbon dioxide

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The material then readily strips oxygen atoms from carbon dioxide and water, forming CO and hydrogen, respectively, which are combined to create fuels. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Solar

2010 97

Stanford team develops new low-voltage single-catalyst water splitter for hydrogen production

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Researchers at Stanford University have developed a new low-voltage, single-catalyst water splitter that continuously generates hydrogen and oxygen. In the reported study, the new catalyst achieved 10 mA cm −2 water-splitting current at only 1.51 V

2015 84

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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A team led by Dr. Michael Grätzel at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) in Switzerland has developed a highly efficient and low-cost water-splitting cell combining an advanced perovskite tandem solar cell and a bi-functional Earth-abundant catalyst.

2014 100

Stanford solar tandem cell shows promise for efficient solar-driven water-splitting to produce hydrogen

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When placed in water, the device immediately began splitting water at a solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency of 6.2%—matching

Solar 78

New inexpensive catalyst for conversion of CO2 to CO could help with storage of renewable energy

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CO can then be reacted with H 2 O via the water?gas As such, development of Bi-based cathodes for conversion of CO 2 to CO would represent an important development for the fields of CO 2 electrocatalysis and renewable energy conversion. Used in conjunction with ionic liquids, it effected the electrocatalytic conversion of CO 2 to CO with appreciable current density at overpotentials below 0.2 Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Power Generation

2013 75