Bosch, Shell, and Volkswagen develop renewable gasoline with 20% lower CO2; rollout of Blue Gasoline this year

Green Car Congress

Following on the introduction of R33 Blue Diesel ( earlier post ), Bosch, Shell, and Volkswagen have now developed a low-carbon gasoline. The new fuel, called Blue Gasoline, similarly contains up to 33% renewables, ensuring a well-to-wheel reduction in carbon emissions of at least 20% per kilometer driven. Shell will offset the remaining carbon emissions from the use of Blue Gasoline through certified offset arrangements.

Recent trends in gasoline prices

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This brief note analyzes the changes in the price of gasoline during the first 13 weeks of 2020 and compares them with the changes during the first 13 weeks of 2019. The raw data (the average retail price of regular gasoline) came from the U.S. Fuels Market Background

2020 250
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New Mo-doped Ni catalyst for SOFCs enhances use of fuels such as gasoline

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Researchers led by a team at Washington State University (WSU) have developed a unique and inexpensive nanoparticle catalyst that allows a solid-oxide fuel cell to convert logistic liquid fuels such as gasoline to electricity without stalling out during the electrochemical process.

2020 287

Prometheus CEO outlines tech advances that could make CO2-to-fuels renewable gasoline and jet price-competitive with fossil fuels

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Recent breakthroughs in separations and catalysis, along with long-trend reductions in solar and wind electricity costs, have significantly increased the potential for cost-competitive renewable fuels from direct air capture (DAC) of CO 2. to C 2 fuel products such as ethanol.

2020 298

BMW i Ventures invests in Prometheus Fuels; CO2 air-capture and conversion to carbon-neutral gasoline

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BMW i Ventures has invested in Prometheus Fuels ( earlier post ), a company removing CO 2 from the air and turning it into zero-net carbon gasoline that it will sell at gas stations, at a price that competes with fossil fuels, starting as early as this year. The ability to create gasoline from air, cost competitively with fossil fuels, is a game changer. to C 2 fuel products such as ethanol. The separation of ethanol and other fuel products from water.

2020 260

IHS: US gasoline demand exceeds 2020 levels for first time; still trails pre-pandemic demand significantly

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Year-on-year gasoline sales in the United States have moved into positive territory for the first time on the one-year anniversary of the first major declines that resulted from COVID-induced stay at home orders. Nevertheless, same-store gasoline sales were still 16% below pre-pandemic levels.

2020 265

California Assemblymembers introduce bill phasing out gasoline-fueled small off-road engines

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California Assemblymembers Marc Berman (D-Menlo Park) and Lorena Gonzalez (D-San Diego) introduced legislation to phase out the sale of new gas-powered small off-road engines (SORE), which are primarily used in lawn and garden equipment, including leaf blowers, lawn mowers, and other outdoor power equipment. AB 1346 would require new sales of SORE to be zero-emission by 2024 or whenever the California Air Resources Board (CARB) determines is feasible, whichever is later.

Nacero selects Topsoe’s TIGAS technology for gas-to-gasoline unit; reducing lifecycle carbon footprint up to 50%

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Nacero has licensed Topsoe TIGAS (Topsoe Improved Gasoline Synthesis) technology for its multi-billion USD natural-gas-to-gasoline facility in Penwell, Texas to produce 100,000 barrels per day of gasoline component ready for blending into US commercial grades. Fuels Natural Gas

Milk and gasoline: the cost of the energy they provide to fuel our bodies and automobiles

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This brief analysis examines the relative cost of the energy from milk and gasoline. Currently, a gallon of gasoline (with ethanol) contains 120,286 Btu of energy. The average price of regular gasoline in September 2020 was $2.183 per gallon. Therefore, the cost of 1,000 Btu from regular gasoline was $0.02. The above analysis considered the available energy in milk and gasoline, and the logic there is straightforward. Fuels Market Background

2020 184

BMW invests in company aiming to produce zero net carbon gasoline

Green Car Reports

BMW is investing in Prometheus Fuels, a company that plans to remove carbon-dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and convert it into gasoline. Gasoline

2020 127

Study finds GHG emissions from corn ethanol now 46% lower than gasoline

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The carbon intensity of corn ethanol, the primary renewable fuel used in transportation, has been actively researched and quantified over the last three decades. gCO 2 e/MJ) which is 46% lower than the average carbon intensity for neat gasoline.

2020 Thanksgiving week gasoline consumption in US lowest since 1997

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US motorists stayed off the road during the Thanksgiving holiday in overwhelming numbers as the coronavirus surged across the country, according to the latest weekly survey of retail fuel stations by OPIS, an IHS Markit company. Gasoline sales fell 8.4% (nearly 185 million less gallons) from the previous week for the seven-day period ending 28 November, bringing consumption to the lowest level for a Thanksgiving Week in 23 years, going back to 1997.

2020 184

Gevo options SD site for expansion project; 45M gallons per year renewable jet fuel and gasoline

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The production facility planned for Lake Preston is contemplated to produce about 45,000,000 million gallons per year collectively of jet fuel and renewable gasoline products. Gevo’s products perform as well or better than traditional fossil-based fuels in infrastructure and engines, but with substantially reduced greenhouse gas emissions. Bio-hydrocarbons Biobutanol FuelsBio-isobutanol producer Gevo, Inc.

2020 161

Sweden launches inquiry on how to ban sales of new gasoline and diesel cars and phase-out fossil fuels

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The Government of Sweden has launched a study to offer proposals on how to implement a ban on sales of new gasoline and diesel cars, and the timeline for the phase-out of fossil fuels. Propose a year by which fossil fuels should be phased out in Sweden, and the measures needed for this to happen in the most cost-effective manner possible. Diesel Emissions Engines Fuels Market Background Regulations

2019 248

Gasoline direct injection was the most widely adopted emerging fuel saving technology in 2018: 51%

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Manufacturers have been adopting technologies that improve the efficiency of light-duty vehicles and allow them to achieve greater fuel economy. Of all the emerging technologies, gasoline direct injection (GDI) has seen the highest level of adoption among manufacturers, reaching 51% for the 2018 model year, according to the US Department of Energy (DOE). Gasoline hybrid vehicles accounted for 4%, while plug-in hybrid, all-electric, and fuel cell vehicles had a combined total of 3%.

2019 239

Gevo and Trafigura enter into long-term contract for low-carbon premium gasoline and sustainable aviation fuel; 25M gpy

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Under this contract Trafigura is expected to take delivery of 25 million gallons per year of renewable hydrocarbons, the majority of which is expected to be low-carbon premium gasoline with a smaller portion of the volume for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), starting in 2023. This commitment will support Trafigura’s efforts to develop the market for low-carbon fuels including low-carbon premium gasoline. Aviation Bio-hydrocarbons Biogasoline Fuels Market Background

2020 192

New battery-electric vehicles take 5.7% share in Europe in Q1; hybrids 18.4%, gasoline 42.2% , diesel 23.2%

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Sales of traditional fossil-fuel cars continued to decrease in the European Union, although gasoline and diesel still made up 65.4% Gasoline and diesel cars. Similarly, demand for gasoline cars continued its downward trend, with sales decreasing by 16.9%

Europe 254

DOE: Adjusted for inflation, the price of gasoline in 2019 was similar to the price in 1929

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The average annual price of gasoline has fluctuated greatly over the past several decades, but when adjusted for inflation (constant dollars), the price of gasoline in 2019 was only nine cents higher than in 1929, according to the US Department of Energy (DOE). Fuels Market Background

2020 222

New process produces high-octane synthetic fuel from low-octane Fischer-Tropsch gasoline

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A team in Russia has developed a novel and simple strategy to produce high-octane synthetic fuel based on low-octane gasoline Fischer-Tropsch product via new two-stage processes in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis involving isomerization of alkenes and a methoxylation process. A paper on their work is published in the journal Fuel. Flowchart for the processing of gasoline fraction of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. is carried out for use as high-octane components of fuels.

2019 163

Blue Bird to begin production of updated propane and gasoline buses with Ford 7.3L V8 and ROUSH fuel system

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This spring, Blue Bird will begin production of its propane and gasoline Vision school buses integrating Ford’s all-new 7.3L V8 engine and a purpose-built fuel system designed specifically for school-bus application. The advanced fuel system technology was developed by ROUSH CleanTech, the same company that has manufactured more than 30,000 propane and gasoline fuel systems for Blue Bird buses equipped with Ford’s 6.8L

MIT team proposes flex-fuel gasoline-alcohol engine PHEV long-haul trucks

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In a paper being presented at WCX SAE World Congress Experience in Detroit this week, a team from MIT is proposing the use of a flex-fuel gasoline-alcohol engine approach for a series-hybrid powertrain for long-haul Class 8 trucks. Compared to a diesel engine vehicle, a gasoline-powered vehicle produces only a tenth as much nitrogen oxide (NO x ) pollution, a major component of air pollution. Engines Ethanol Fuels Heavy-duty Hybrids Plug-ins

2019 211

How crude-oil prices influence gasoline prices

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Gasoline is one of the products refined from crude oil. Thus, the price of crude oil should have a strong influence on the price of gasoline. However, the retail price of gasoline includes other costs as well. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates that in the United States from 2008 to 2017, crude oil represented only 61% of the retail price of gasoline. Gasoline prices are also influenced by gasoline demand relative to gasoline supply.

2018 194

EPA to study cutting amount of ethanol in U.S. gasoline

Green Car Reports

Since 2007, the Renewable Fuel Standard has required increasing levels of ethanol in gasoline blends sold in the U.S. Most fuel stations across the United States no longer offer pure gasoline, with E10—a blend of 10 percent ethanol and 90 percent gasoline—prevailing. Gasoline Biofuels EPA ethanol e85 United States E10 flex fuel alternative fuel vehicles e15

2017 96

Report: Hydrogen for fuel-cell vehicles likely to reach price parity with gasoline by 2025

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Hydrogen fuel-cell cars face many roadblocks to mass adoption, but a new report claims they could achieve price parity with gasoline by 2025.

2020 153

Researchers explore catalytic partial oxidation reformation of diesel, gasoline, and natural gas for “single-fuel RCCI”

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Researchers at Stony Brook University, with colleagues from The City College of New Tyork, Alloy Surfaces and Innoveering, explored the catalytic partial oxidation (CPOX) reforming of three potential transportation-relevant fuels—gasoline, diesel, and natural gas—for use in low-temperature combustion (LTC) engines. They report their results in a paper in the journal Fuel. In RCCI, gasoline and diesel are the most commonly used low and high reactivity fuels, respectively.

2019 175

Southeast gasoline drivers to get range anxiety after pipeline rupture?

Green Car Reports

But at the moment, many drivers of gasoline cars in the southern U.S. A pipeline rupture in Alabama has led to fuel shortages. Fuel Gasoline oil Alabama gas stationThe term "range anxiety" is commonly associated with electric cars because of relatively short ranges for many of them, along with a lack of charging infrastructure in many regions. may begin feeling exactly the same thing.

2016 127

DOE: Average annual gasoline taxes paid per vehicle, by state, 2019

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According to the Federal Highway Administration, the average fuel economy for all light vehicles on the road today is 22.3 The Federal tax on gasoline is 18.4 cents per gallon, and each state has a gasoline tax, ranging from 8.95

2019 295

Tsinghua studies on alcohol-gasoline dual fuel engines show fuel efficiency and particle number benefits

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Researchers at Tsinghua University in China are studying the effects of Dual-Fuel Spark Ignition (DFSI) combustion fueled with different alcohols and gasoline. In one paper, published in the journal Fuel , they investigated the use of alcohols–gasoline DFSI Combustion for knock suppression and high fuel efficiency using a gasoline engine with high compression ratio. Alcohols are promising alternative fuels for internal combustion engines.

2015 192

Neste files patent on gasoline fuels with high bioenergy content

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Neste, currently largest producer of renewable drop-in fuels (primarily diesel) with its NEXBTL platform ( earlier post ), has filed a patent ( US20150144087 ) on a gasoline composition (and the method for making it) comprising up to 20 vol% (preferably from about 10-15 vol.%), of paraffinic bio-hydrocarbons originating from the NEXBTL process. The resulting fuels with high bioenergy content can be used in conventional gasoline-fueled automotive engines.

2015 199

Audi models in Europe now Euro 6d compliant; twin-dosing for diesel, GPFs for gasoline

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For cars with a gasoline engine, it is 60 milligrams per kilometer (96.9 In addition, Euro 6d requires an on-board fuel consumption monitoring system. The technology: twin dosing for diesel and particularly voluminous gasoline particulate filters. For the models with gasoline engines, the focus was on the carbon particles that are produced primarily in the event of a cold start. Audi started equipping its gasoline models with gasoline particulate filters back in 2018.

Europe 170

ORNL team finds catalytic EGR reforming can decrease fuel consumption 8% in gasoline engine

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Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have used on-board catalytic fuel reforming to increase the brake efficiency of a multicylinder, stoichiometric spark-ignited (SI) engine by increasing EGR dilution tolerance. Typically, you incur a fuel penalty when reforming fuel. We’ve created a systematic approach that addresses that issue and can be used with conventional fuels and conventional emissions controls. Engines Fuel Efficiency

2018 233

Studies highlight effects of different gasoline components on fuel economy, combustion and emissions

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Researchers at Jilin University (China) have investigated the effect of gasoline components on fuel economy, combustion and emissions in a GDI (gasoline-direct-injection) engine. The team subsequently followed up this first study with a second, exploring the effects in a PFI (port-fuel-injection) engine. 2018a) is published in the journal Fuel , the second (Han et al. 2018b) in the ACS journal Energy & Fuels. provided the test fuels.

2018 174

IHS Markit: US gasoline demand could be cut almost in half due to COVID-19

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A sudden drop in miles traveled by car in the US triggered by wide-spread social isolation measures will have immediate ramifications for gasoline demand. IHS Markit analysis finds that US gasoline demand could fall by as much as 4.1 Behavior Forecasts Fuels Health Policy

2020 240

Co-Optima FY20 report highlights advances in engines-fuels research

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Co-Optima researchers are focused on identifying and understanding fuel components known as blendstocks, which can be produced from a wide spectrum of common domestic resources. Co-Optima Emissions Engines Fuels

Engine 232

OPIS: Recovery of US gasoline demand stalls as summer driving season ends

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The recovery in US gasoline consumption has plateaued as the summer driving season comes to an end and the school year begins for wide swaths of the country. US gasoline sales had improved rapidly from May to early July following the collapse in early April that came with the national shutdown, when sales were 50% below prior year levels. For the years 2017-2019 the average drop in US gasoline demand from August to October has been on the order of 5 to 10%.

2020 192

Student-built hydrogen Le Mans style prototype beats gasoline-powered cars in Supercar Challenge race

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The “Forze VIII”, a hydrogen fuel cell Le-Mans-style prototype, became the first hydrogen-electric vehicle to beat gasoline-powered cars in an official race. In a field of 43 gasoline-powered race cars, the hydrogen race car started the last race of the weekend from the fourth position. Mid-July the team also faced gasoline-driven competitors at the future Formula 1 Circuit of Zandvoort. The team’s mission is to promote fuel-cell technology.

2019 275

NREL study finds high-pressure hydrogen pipeline system could potentially make hydrogen cost-competitive with gasoline

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A new study by a team at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) concludes that a high-pressure, scalable, intra-city hydrogen pipeline system could improve the economics and logistics of hydrogen delivery, making it potentially cost-competitive with gasoline. However, owing to small scale and limited competition, dispensed hydrogen fuel prices currently are higher, averaging about $16.30/kg in California in the third quarter of 2018.

2020 246

EPA allows year-round sale of E15 gasoline

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US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Andrew Wheeler signed the final action that would remove the key regulatory barrier to using gasoline blended with up to 15% ethanol (E15) during the summer driving season and reform the renewable identification number (RIN) compliance system under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program to increase transparency and deter price manipulation. Ethanol Fuels Regulations

2019 192

Aramco, KAUST team finds hybrid gasoline compression-ignition architecture can reduce GHG 26-55% vs. conventional SI

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They contrasted 4 hybrids against conventional fuels/engines and a comparable battery electric vehicle using regionally-explicit power mixes in the 3 biggest automotive markets worldwide (China, US and Europe). Four reference vehicles were equipped with: gasoline spark-ignition (SI) engine.

2020 253

Zhejiang team boosts gasoline-range products from Fischer-Tropsch synthesis

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Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) synthesis converts syngas to liquid fuels. A team at Zhejiang University in China has investigated the influence of rare-earth metal ions promotion on the F-T synthesis of gasoline-range hydrocarbons (GRHs, C 5 –C 12 hydrocarbons). In a paper in the journal Fuel , they report that a Co/Y-? Yexin Zhuo, Lingjun Zhu, Jiacheng Liang, Shurong Wang (2020) “Selective Fischer-Tropsch synthesis for gasoline production over Y, Ce, or La-modified Co/H-?,”

2019 175

NJ boosts gasoline tax 22.5% to $0.507/gallon effective 1 October, diesel to $0.577

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New Jersey’s Department of the Treasury announced on Friday that lower fuel consumption trends, which have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, will necessitate a gas tax increase of $0.093 per gallon in order to ensure compliance with the 2016 law that requires a steady stream of revenue to support the state’s Transportation Trust Fund (TTF) program. The increase brings the gasoline tax from $0.414 to $0.507 per gallon (22.5%). Fuels Market Background Regulations

2020 170

BYD unveils Song PLUS mid-size SUV with new, more efficient 1.5L gasoline engine

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The overall engine thermal efficiency has been improved by 38% and the maximum transmission efficiency reaches 95%, with its fuel consumption reduced by 15% per 100km, combining power and fuel economy. China Engines Fuel Efficiency Market Background

2020 222

BASF Fourtune FCC catalyst to deliver more butylene; increases FCC gasoline octane; no increase in H2 and coke production

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The technology provides an answer to the increased demand for octane since today’s tighter sulfur regulations often require post-treatment on the gasoline stream, which can negatively impact the octane pool. In the EU the 10 ppm requirement for Gasoline came into effect in 2009.

2020 222