JCAP team reports first complete “artificial leaf”; >10% solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency

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Researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) report the development of the first complete, efficient, safe, integrated solar-driven system—an “artificial leaf”—for splitting water to produce hydrogen. Fuels Hydrogen Production Solar Solar fuels

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US Navy demos recovery of CO2 and production of H2 from seawater, with conversion to liquid fuel; “Fuel from Seawater”

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Researchers at the US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), Materials Science and Technology Division have demonstrated novel NRL technologies developed for the recovery of CO 2 and hydrogen from seawater and their subsequent conversion to liquid fuels.

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U of I study: synthetic fuels via CO2 conversion and FT not currently economically & environmentally competitive

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However, they noted, that with the right combination of high FT fuel yield and low electricity and hydrogen price, the synthetic fuel system could produce fuels at a cost range similar to the reference year 2014 petroleum-based fuel prices.

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New plasma synthesis process for one-step conversion of CO2 and methane into higher value fuel and chemicals

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A particularly significant route currently being developed for CO 2 utilization is catalytic CO 2 hydrogenation. Instead of using H 2 , direct conversion of CO 2 with CH 4 (dry reforming of methane, DRM) to liquid fuels and chemicals (e.g.

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Bochum chemists develop method to produce self-healing catalyst films for hydrogen production

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Chemically aggressive conditions prevail during the electrochemical splitting of water to produce hydrogen, wearing out the catalysts used. Electrochemical water splitting by reduction and oxidation of water in separate compartments is promising for the conversion of electrical energy into hydrogen. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2017 26

Argonne team finds copper cluster catalyst effective for low-pressure conversion of CO2 to methanol with high activity

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have identified a new material to catalyze the conversion of CO 2 via hydrogenation to methanol (CH 3 OH): size-selected Cu 4 clusters—clusters of four copper atoms each, called tetramers—supported on Al 2 O 3 thin films.

2015 17

New catalytic system for conversion of CO2 to methanol shows much higher activity than others now in use

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In the presence of hydrogen, the Ce 4+ and Cu 1+ are reduced to Ce 3+ and Cu 0 with a change in the structure of the catalyst surface. The activation of CO 2 and its hydrogenation to alcohols or other hydrocarbon compounds is an important approach to recycle the released CO 2.

Verizon replaces 234 vans in New York City with hybrid vans using XL Hybrids technology

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million from the Environmental Protection Fund in rebates for municipalities to purchase or lease electric, (plug-in hybrid or battery) or hydrogen fuel cell vehicles for municipal fleet use, and for installation of public charging or fuel cell refueling infrastructure.

Hydrogenics to supply 1MW electrolyzer to project converting CO2 to methanol; Power-to-Gas

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Hydrogenics Corporation will supply a 1MW electrolyzer and provide engineering expertise to a consortium of companies working on the European project MefCO2 (methanol fuel from CO 2 ) in Germany. The Hydrogenics electrolyzer will produce 200 cubic meters of hydrogen per hour. The hydrogen and captured carbon dioxide will then be catalytically converted into methanol, with a daily yield of approximately one ton of methanol using approximately 1.4

Scientists develop method for direct conversion of methane to methanol or acetic acid under mild conditions

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory, Tufts University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have shown that mononuclear rhodium species, anchored on a zeolite or titanium dioxide support suspended in aqueous solution, can catalyze the direct conversion of methane to methanol and acetic acid using oxygen and carbon monoxide under mild conditions. In a paper in the journal Nature , they report that the two products form through independent pathways, allowing the tuning of the conversion.

SoCalGas, partners developing technology to make carbon fiber during hydrogen production from methane; reducing the cost of H2 and cutting GHG

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SoCalGas) is partnering with a development team to advance a new process that converts natural gas to hydrogen, carbon fiber, and carbon nanotubes. The goal of the partnership, led by startup C4-MCP (C4), is to offset the hydrogen production expense with the sales of the carbon fiber and carbon nanotubes, reducing the hydrogen’s net cost to less than $2 per kilogram, thus helping make hydrogen fueled cars and trucks cost-competitive with conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles.

DOE to issue $35M funding opportunity for hydrogen and fuel cell technology; Class 1-2 fuel cell plug-in hybrids

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In particular, the R&D areas of interest for this FOA will include hydrogen production via microbial biomass conversion; low PGM (Platinum Group Metal) catalyst development for PEM fuel cell applications; development of an integrated intelligent hydrogen dispenser; and fuel cell and hydrogen manufacturing R&D focusing on hydrogen delivery pipeline manufacturing R&D. Hydrogen Production R&D: Microbial Biomass Conversion.

2015 23

Stanford team develops new low-voltage single-catalyst water splitter for hydrogen production

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Researchers at Stanford University have developed a new low-voltage, single-catalyst water splitter that continuously generates hydrogen and oxygen. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

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SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The process has also the potential to produce any other type of fuel for transport applications, such as diesel, gasoline or pure hydrogen in a more sustainable way. Aviation Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Solar Solar fuels SOLAR-JET concentrated thermochemical reactor.

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California Hydrogen Business Council says a robust P2G RD&D program should be a priority for the state

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The case for using Power-to-Gas solutions to store renewable energy is compelling for a number of important use cases, according to a new white paper released by the California Hydrogen Business Council (CHBC). P2G converts electrical energy to chemical energy in the form of hydrogen.

Audi in new e-fuels project: synthetic diesel from water, air-captured CO2 and green electricity; “Blue Crude”

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In a separate process, a solid oxide electrolysis (SOEC) unit powered with green electricity splits water into hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen is then reacted with the carbon dioxide in two chemical processes conducted at 220 ?C

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CO2-neutral hydrogen storage with a bicarbonate/formate system

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Reversible hydrogen storage cycle based on the redox system bicarbonate/formate. Researchers at the Leibnitz Institute for Catalysis (Rostock, Germany) have introduced a new approach to hydrogen storage that is based on simple salts of formic acid and carbonic acid. Hydrogen Storage

2011 23

New ceramic membrane enables first direct conversion of methane to liquids without CO2 emissions

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The process uses a novel ceramic membrane that simultaneously extracts hydrogen and injects oxide ions. However, this reaction faces two major issues: The one-pass conversion is limited by thermodynamics, and the catalyst deactivates quickly through kinetically favored formation of coke.

ULEMCo delivers first hydrogen-diesel dual-fuel refuse trucks to Fife Council in Scotland

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ULEMCo, the developer of a hydrogen-diesel dual fuel conversion system for commercial vehicles, has delivered its first hydrogen dual-fuel refuse vehicles to Fife Council in Scotland. The dual-fuel engines are equipped with hydrogen injection and a separate ECU control system. A diesel pilot injection initiates combustion of the hydrogen, which is stored onboard at 350 bar. Diesel Emissions Fuels Hydrogen

NREL shows graded catalytic-protective layer boosts longevity of high-efficiency photocathodes for renewable hydrogen

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Their works demonstrates the potential of utilizing a hybridized, heterogeneous surface layer as a cost-effective catalytic and protective interface for solar hydrogen production. In a paper published in the journal Nature Energy , they show that annealing a bilayer of amorphous titanium dioxide (TiO x ) and molybdenum sulfide (MoS x ) deposited onto GaInP 2 results in a photocathode with high catalytic activity and stability for the hydrogen evolution reaction.

Argonne team develops synthetic bionano membrane to convert light to hydrogen

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The researchers’ device, reported in the journal ACS Nano as a “synthetic purple membrane,” contains tiny discs of lipids, man-made proteins and semiconducting nanoparticles that, when taken together, can transform sunlight into hydrogen fuel.

LanzaTech and Sekisui advance conversion of municipal solid waste to ethanol

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Today, many MSW streams are incinerated or super-heated to produce a synthesis gas made up of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, which is then combusted for power and emitted as carbon dioxide.

Hydrogen from biomethane; gasoline & diesel from tree residue; cellulosic ethanol among new proposed California LCFS fuel pathways

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Among the multiple applications for different processing pathways of corn or sorghum ethanol are four pathways from LytEn for hydrogen produced from biomethane; four pathways for renewable gasoline and diesel produced from tree residue from Ensyn; and one application for cellulosic ethanol using corn stover feedstock from POET. LytEn and hydrogen from biomethane. The hydrogen production system is anticipated to generate 200 kg H 2 / day or about 6000 kg of compressed H2 per month.

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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The combination of the two delivers a water-splitting photocurrent density of around 10 milliamperes per square centimeter, corresponding to a solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%. conversion efficiency from solar energy to hydrogen, a record with earth-abundant materials.

2014 14

BNL, VT team creates Ru,Rh supramolecular photocatalysts for enhanced hydrogen production via artificial photosynthesis

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Scientists have been trying to artificially replicate photosynthesis to convert solar energy to stored chemical energy, with the objective of producing environmentally friendly and sustainable fuels, such as hydrogen and methanol. Catalysts Fuels Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Solar fuels

Corn stalk the key for hydrogen production

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Leave it to the Chinese to make a potentially significant breakthrough in the production of hydrogen for use in fuel cell vehicles. Researchers at Zhengzhou University have shown enhanced production of hydrogen from pre-treated corn stalk biomass by mixed culture using manure from the lesser panda as a source of the hydrogen producing bacteria. The hydrogen content left in the biogas is 57.2

DOE to award up to $4.6M for innovations in fuel cell and hydrogen fuel technologies

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million for 12–24 month projects with industry and academia ( DE-FOA-0000966 ) in support of innovations in fuel cell and hydrogen fuel technologies. For alkaline membrane fuel cells (AMFCs), the development of innovative PGM-free anode catalysts for the hydrogen oxidation reaction, PGM-free cathode catalysts for the oxygen reaction and PGM-free MEAs are of interest. Fuel cell–based electrochemical conversion devices for stationary energy storage (TRL 2- 5).

2014 11

EPFL/Technion team develops “champion” nanostructures for efficient solar water-splitting to produce hydrogen

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Hydrogen bubbles as they appear in a photoelectrochemical cell. © Batteries, fuel cells and solar-energy conversion devices have emerged as a class of important technologies that increasingly rely on electrodes derived from nanoparticles. Hydrogen Production Nanotech Solar

UC Santa Barbara team develops catalytic molten metals for direct conversion of methane to hydrogen without forming CO2

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Researchers at the University of California Santa Barbara have developed catalytic molten metals to pyrolize methane to release hydrogen and to form solid carbon. Under these conditions, the equilibrium conversion is 98%. Hydrogen production with a Ni-Bi molten catalyst. (A)

Taiwan’s ITRI introduces cellulosic bio-butanol production technology; pathway with highest carbon conversion yield

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ButyFix uses a three-step process: (1) the hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose to release sugars; (2) fermentation of the sugars to produce butyrate; and (3) the chemical conversion of butyrate via esterification and hydrogenation to butanol.

Swiss team develops effective and low-cost solar water-splitting device; 14.2% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency

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Recently, c-Si modules have been implemented in solar-hydrogen devices, demonstrating SHE [solar-to-hydrogen efficiency] of 9.7%. Schematic overview of the solar-driven hydrogen generator. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Solar Solar fuels

California Energy Commission to award up to $29.9M to hydrogen refueling infrastructure projects

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million to projects to develop hydrogen refueling infrastructure in California ( PON-13-607 ). The solicitation has two goals: 1) to develop infrastructure necessary to dispense hydrogen transportation fuel; and 2) to provide needed Operation and Maintenance (O&M) funding to support hydrogen refueling operations prior to the large—scale roll—out of Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs). 100% Renewable Hydrogen Refueling Station Competition. Hydrogen dispensing.

Photo-activated catalyst converts CO2 to CO for clean fuel technology; no unwanted byproducts

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We show a near 100 percent selectivity of CO production, with no detection of competing gas products like hydrogen or methane. Complete suppression of the competing hydrogen evolution during a photocatalytic CO 2 -to-CO conversion had not been achieved before our work.

Double catalyst for the direct conversion of syngas to lower olefins

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The first step in such a process would involve the conversion of these materials into syngas through either gasification or steam reforming. An alternative method is the conversion of synthesis gas in two process steps.

California Energy Commission to award up to $28.59M for hydrogen refueling stations in 25 areas

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million for new hydrogen refueling stations in 25 selected areas. The goal is to expand the network of publicly accessible hydrogen fueling stations to serve the current population of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) and to accommodate the planned large-scale roll-out of FCVs commencing in 2015.

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NIST team boosts performance of solar-powered hydrogen generation in stable, lower-cost device

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Scanning probe techniques were used to simultaneously map the photovoltaic and catalytic properties of the MIS surface and reveal the spillover-assisted evolution of hydrogen off the SiO 2 surface and lateral photovoltage driven minority carrier transport over distances that can exceed 2?cm.

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Integrated solar-driven system for electrochemical energy storage and water electrolysis for H2 production

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As an OER electrocatalyst, Ni-Co-Fe LDH exhibited superior electrocatalytic performances with a very low overpotential of 0.207 V versus a reference hydrogen electrode (RHE) at 10.0 Traditional hydrogen fuel cells and supercapacitors have two electrodes: one positive and one negative. The device developed at UCLA has a third electrode that acts as both a supercapacitor, which stores energy, and as a device for splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen.

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Review paper: Graphene and related materials (GRMs) may play major role in energy applications

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The combination of chemical functionalization and curvature control also opens new opportunities for hydrogen storage. MXene sheets are promising for energy applications, such as lithium-ion batteries, supercapacitors, and hydrogen storage. review the use of GRMs for energy conversion in solar cells, thermoelectric devices, and fuel cells; and for energy storage in batteries, supercapacitors, and hydrogen production and storage.

Johns Hopkins team plates Pt on cobalt to create low-cost, highly efficient fuel cell catalysts

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New developments will target further applications of such materials in chemical conversions of hydrocarbons. Catalysts Fuel Cells Hydrogen Nanotech

2018 26

Symbio targets European taxi market with fuel cell range extender in Nissan e-NV200; 500 km range

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The new plug-in hybrid hydrogen fuel cell vehicle will deliver at least 500 km of range. It can be recharged from a low-cost power supply, and refueled with hydrogen in three minutes (3.8 kg hydrogen at 700 bar). Conversions Electric (Battery) Fuel Cells Hybrids Hydrogen