JCAP team reports first complete “artificial leaf”; >10% solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency

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Researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) report the development of the first complete, efficient, safe, integrated solar-driven system—an “artificial leaf”—for splitting water to produce hydrogen. Fuels Hydrogen Production Solar Solar fuels

2015 33

US Navy demos recovery of CO2 and production of H2 from seawater, with conversion to liquid fuel; “Fuel from Seawater”

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Researchers at the US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), Materials Science and Technology Division have demonstrated novel NRL technologies developed for the recovery of CO 2 and hydrogen from seawater and their subsequent conversion to liquid fuels.

2014 33

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U of I study: synthetic fuels via CO2 conversion and FT not currently economically & environmentally competitive

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However, they noted, that with the right combination of high FT fuel yield and low electricity and hydrogen price, the synthetic fuel system could produce fuels at a cost range similar to the reference year 2014 petroleum-based fuel prices.

2016 26

New plasma synthesis process for one-step conversion of CO2 and methane into higher value fuel and chemicals

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A particularly significant route currently being developed for CO 2 utilization is catalytic CO 2 hydrogenation. Instead of using H 2 , direct conversion of CO 2 with CH 4 (dry reforming of methane, DRM) to liquid fuels and chemicals (e.g.

Cheap 12

Bochum chemists develop method to produce self-healing catalyst films for hydrogen production

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Chemically aggressive conditions prevail during the electrochemical splitting of water to produce hydrogen, wearing out the catalysts used. Electrochemical water splitting by reduction and oxidation of water in separate compartments is promising for the conversion of electrical energy into hydrogen. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2017 26

Argonne team finds copper cluster catalyst effective for low-pressure conversion of CO2 to methanol with high activity

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have identified a new material to catalyze the conversion of CO 2 via hydrogenation to methanol (CH 3 OH): size-selected Cu 4 clusters—clusters of four copper atoms each, called tetramers—supported on Al 2 O 3 thin films.

2015 17

New catalytic system for conversion of CO2 to methanol shows much higher activity than others now in use

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In the presence of hydrogen, the Ce 4+ and Cu 1+ are reduced to Ce 3+ and Cu 0 with a change in the structure of the catalyst surface. The activation of CO 2 and its hydrogenation to alcohols or other hydrocarbon compounds is an important approach to recycle the released CO 2.

Hydrogenics to supply 1MW electrolyzer to project converting CO2 to methanol; Power-to-Gas

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Hydrogenics Corporation will supply a 1MW electrolyzer and provide engineering expertise to a consortium of companies working on the European project MefCO2 (methanol fuel from CO 2 ) in Germany. The Hydrogenics electrolyzer will produce 200 cubic meters of hydrogen per hour. The hydrogen and captured carbon dioxide will then be catalytically converted into methanol, with a daily yield of approximately one ton of methanol using approximately 1.4

DOE to issue $35M funding opportunity for hydrogen and fuel cell technology; Class 1-2 fuel cell plug-in hybrids

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In particular, the R&D areas of interest for this FOA will include hydrogen production via microbial biomass conversion; low PGM (Platinum Group Metal) catalyst development for PEM fuel cell applications; development of an integrated intelligent hydrogen dispenser; and fuel cell and hydrogen manufacturing R&D focusing on hydrogen delivery pipeline manufacturing R&D. Hydrogen Production R&D: Microbial Biomass Conversion.

2015 23

Stanford team develops new low-voltage single-catalyst water splitter for hydrogen production

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Researchers at Stanford University have developed a new low-voltage, single-catalyst water splitter that continuously generates hydrogen and oxygen. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2015 20

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The process has also the potential to produce any other type of fuel for transport applications, such as diesel, gasoline or pure hydrogen in a more sustainable way. Aviation Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Solar Solar fuels SOLAR-JET concentrated thermochemical reactor.

Solar 12

California Hydrogen Business Council says a robust P2G RD&D program should be a priority for the state

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The case for using Power-to-Gas solutions to store renewable energy is compelling for a number of important use cases, according to a new white paper released by the California Hydrogen Business Council (CHBC). P2G converts electrical energy to chemical energy in the form of hydrogen.

Grid 17

Audi in new e-fuels project: synthetic diesel from water, air-captured CO2 and green electricity; “Blue Crude”

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In a separate process, a solid oxide electrolysis (SOEC) unit powered with green electricity splits water into hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen is then reacted with the carbon dioxide in two chemical processes conducted at 220 ?C

2014 73

Argonne team develops synthetic bionano membrane to convert light to hydrogen

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The researchers’ device, reported in the journal ACS Nano as a “synthetic purple membrane,” contains tiny discs of lipids, man-made proteins and semiconducting nanoparticles that, when taken together, can transform sunlight into hydrogen fuel.

New ceramic membrane enables first direct conversion of methane to liquids without CO2 emissions

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The process uses a novel ceramic membrane that simultaneously extracts hydrogen and injects oxide ions. However, this reaction faces two major issues: The one-pass conversion is limited by thermodynamics, and the catalyst deactivates quickly through kinetically favored formation of coke.

CO2-neutral hydrogen storage with a bicarbonate/formate system

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Reversible hydrogen storage cycle based on the redox system bicarbonate/formate. Researchers at the Leibnitz Institute for Catalysis (Rostock, Germany) have introduced a new approach to hydrogen storage that is based on simple salts of formic acid and carbonic acid. Hydrogen Storage

ULEMCo delivers first hydrogen-diesel dual-fuel refuse trucks to Fife Council in Scotland

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ULEMCo, the developer of a hydrogen-diesel dual fuel conversion system for commercial vehicles, has delivered its first hydrogen dual-fuel refuse vehicles to Fife Council in Scotland. The dual-fuel engines are equipped with hydrogen injection and a separate ECU control system. A diesel pilot injection initiates combustion of the hydrogen, which is stored onboard at 350 bar. Diesel Emissions Fuels Hydrogen

NREL shows graded catalytic-protective layer boosts longevity of high-efficiency photocathodes for renewable hydrogen

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Their works demonstrates the potential of utilizing a hybridized, heterogeneous surface layer as a cost-effective catalytic and protective interface for solar hydrogen production. In a paper published in the journal Nature Energy , they show that annealing a bilayer of amorphous titanium dioxide (TiO x ) and molybdenum sulfide (MoS x ) deposited onto GaInP 2 results in a photocathode with high catalytic activity and stability for the hydrogen evolution reaction.

Hydrogen from biomethane; gasoline & diesel from tree residue; cellulosic ethanol among new proposed California LCFS fuel pathways

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Among the multiple applications for different processing pathways of corn or sorghum ethanol are four pathways from LytEn for hydrogen produced from biomethane; four pathways for renewable gasoline and diesel produced from tree residue from Ensyn; and one application for cellulosic ethanol using corn stover feedstock from POET. LytEn and hydrogen from biomethane. The hydrogen production system is anticipated to generate 200 kg H 2 / day or about 6000 kg of compressed H2 per month.

2015 18

BNL, VT team creates Ru,Rh supramolecular photocatalysts for enhanced hydrogen production via artificial photosynthesis

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Scientists have been trying to artificially replicate photosynthesis to convert solar energy to stored chemical energy, with the objective of producing environmentally friendly and sustainable fuels, such as hydrogen and methanol. Catalysts Fuels Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Solar fuels

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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The combination of the two delivers a water-splitting photocurrent density of around 10 milliamperes per square centimeter, corresponding to a solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%. conversion efficiency from solar energy to hydrogen, a record with earth-abundant materials.

Corn stalk the key for hydrogen production

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Leave it to the Chinese to make a potentially significant breakthrough in the production of hydrogen for use in fuel cell vehicles. Researchers at Zhengzhou University have shown enhanced production of hydrogen from pre-treated corn stalk biomass by mixed culture using manure from the lesser panda as a source of the hydrogen producing bacteria. The hydrogen content left in the biogas is 57.2

DOE to award up to $4.6M for innovations in fuel cell and hydrogen fuel technologies

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million for 12–24 month projects with industry and academia ( DE-FOA-0000966 ) in support of innovations in fuel cell and hydrogen fuel technologies. For alkaline membrane fuel cells (AMFCs), the development of innovative PGM-free anode catalysts for the hydrogen oxidation reaction, PGM-free cathode catalysts for the oxygen reaction and PGM-free MEAs are of interest. Fuel cell–based electrochemical conversion devices for stationary energy storage (TRL 2- 5).

EPFL/Technion team develops “champion” nanostructures for efficient solar water-splitting to produce hydrogen

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Hydrogen bubbles as they appear in a photoelectrochemical cell. © Batteries, fuel cells and solar-energy conversion devices have emerged as a class of important technologies that increasingly rely on electrodes derived from nanoparticles. Hydrogen Production Nanotech Solar

Photo-activated catalyst converts CO2 to CO for clean fuel technology; no unwanted byproducts

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We show a near 100 percent selectivity of CO production, with no detection of competing gas products like hydrogen or methane. Complete suppression of the competing hydrogen evolution during a photocatalytic CO 2 -to-CO conversion had not been achieved before our work.

2017 17

Swiss team develops effective and low-cost solar water-splitting device; 14.2% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency

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Recently, c-Si modules have been implemented in solar-hydrogen devices, demonstrating SHE [solar-to-hydrogen efficiency] of 9.7%. Schematic overview of the solar-driven hydrogen generator. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Solar Solar fuels

Taiwan’s ITRI introduces cellulosic bio-butanol production technology; pathway with highest carbon conversion yield

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ButyFix uses a three-step process: (1) the hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose to release sugars; (2) fermentation of the sugars to produce butyrate; and (3) the chemical conversion of butyrate via esterification and hydrogenation to butanol.

California Energy Commission to award up to $29.9M to hydrogen refueling infrastructure projects

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million to projects to develop hydrogen refueling infrastructure in California ( PON-13-607 ). The solicitation has two goals: 1) to develop infrastructure necessary to dispense hydrogen transportation fuel; and 2) to provide needed Operation and Maintenance (O&M) funding to support hydrogen refueling operations prior to the large—scale roll—out of Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs). 100% Renewable Hydrogen Refueling Station Competition. Hydrogen dispensing.

Double catalyst for the direct conversion of syngas to lower olefins

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The first step in such a process would involve the conversion of these materials into syngas through either gasification or steam reforming. An alternative method is the conversion of synthesis gas in two process steps.

California Energy Commission to award up to $28.59M for hydrogen refueling stations in 25 areas

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million for new hydrogen refueling stations in 25 selected areas. The goal is to expand the network of publicly accessible hydrogen fueling stations to serve the current population of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) and to accommodate the planned large-scale roll-out of FCVs commencing in 2015.

Review paper: Graphene and related materials (GRMs) may play major role in energy applications

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The combination of chemical functionalization and curvature control also opens new opportunities for hydrogen storage. MXene sheets are promising for energy applications, such as lithium-ion batteries, supercapacitors, and hydrogen storage. review the use of GRMs for energy conversion in solar cells, thermoelectric devices, and fuel cells; and for energy storage in batteries, supercapacitors, and hydrogen production and storage.

2015 30

NIST team boosts performance of solar-powered hydrogen generation in stable, lower-cost device

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Scanning probe techniques were used to simultaneously map the photovoltaic and catalytic properties of the MIS surface and reveal the spillover-assisted evolution of hydrogen off the SiO 2 surface and lateral photovoltage driven minority carrier transport over distances that can exceed 2?cm.

2013 23

Symbio targets European taxi market with fuel cell range extender in Nissan e-NV200; 500 km range

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The new plug-in hybrid hydrogen fuel cell vehicle will deliver at least 500 km of range. It can be recharged from a low-cost power supply, and refueled with hydrogen in three minutes (3.8 kg hydrogen at 700 bar). Conversions Electric (Battery) Fuel Cells Hybrids Hydrogen

Hyundai On Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicles: Critiquing Its Claims

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Every so often, Hyundai posts an entry on its "Hyundai Like Sunday" blog, which promotes itself as "Truth, Candor and Conversation." Two months ago, the company''s Elizabeth Chun offered some thoughts on its upcoming 2015 Hyundai Tucson Fuel Cell compact crossover. That vehicle will be offered for lease this spring in selected markets in Southern

GWU team uses one-pot process to co-generate H2 and solid carbon from water and CO2; solar fuels

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A team at George Washington University led by Professor Stuart Licht has simultaneously co-generated hydrogen and solid carbon fuels from water and CO 2 using a mixed hydroxide/carbonate electrolyte in a “single-pot” electrolytic synthesis at temperatures below 650 ?C.

BMW Manufacturing launches study to convert landfill gas to hydrogen to power material handling equipment fleet

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BMW Manufacturing has launched the first phase of an integrated program of work with the intent to validate the economic and technical feasibility of converting landfill gas (LFG) into hydrogen. If successful, the follow-up phases of the project will provide infrastructure for using this hydrogen to fuel the company’s entire fleet of material handling equipment. and the South Carolina Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance. Hydrogen Production LFG

DOE reports progress on development of low-carbon and renewable sources of hydrogen production

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The objective of the Hydrogen Production sub-program is to reduce the cost of hydrogen dispensed at the pump to a cost that is competitive on a cents-per-mile basis with competing vehicle technologies. Based on current analysis, this translates to a hydrogen threshold cost of.

On the road to solar fuels and chemicals

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One such connects a photovoltaic (PV) to a separate electrolyzer with catalysts that drive the necessary conversion reactions (PV/electrolysis). While there has recently been “remarkable progress” in developing new, non-precious metal catalysts for hydrogen evolution, there is still significant room for improvement. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Materials Solar Solar fuels

2016 16

China team develops efficient multifunctional catalyst for conversion of CO2 to gasoline-range hydrocarbons

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Qingjie Ge at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics in China has developed an efficient, stable, and multifunctional Na-Fe 3 O 4 /HZSM-5 catalyst for the direct production of gasoline-range hydrocarbons from CO 2 hydrogenation. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Fuels

DOE to award up to $35M to advance fuel cell and hydrogen technologies; fuel cell range extenders

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced ( DOE-FOA-0001224 ) up to $35 million in available funding to advance fuel cell and hydrogen technologies, and to enable early adoption of fuel cell applications, such as light duty fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). As FCEVs become increasingly commercially available, the Energy Department is focused on reducing the costs and increasing technical advancements of critical hydrogen infrastructure including production, delivery, and storage.