Researchers make breakthrough for fuel cells and batteries

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Researchers at Pennsylvania State University and MIT believe they have developed a new solid-state polymer electrolyte for use in electrochemical devices including fuel cells and batteries. Tags: Electric cars Fuel Cells Green cars Latest news electric car batteries fuel cell cars mit Pennsylvania State University researchers solid-state polymer electrolytes

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Researchers Develop Novel High-Performance Polymer Tin Sulfur Lithium Ion Battery

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Sketch of the Sn/C/CGPE/ Li 2 S/C polymer battery. The battery is formed by a Sn/C composite anode, a PEO-based gel polymer electrolyte, and a Li 2 S/C cathode. Hassoun and Scrosati also replaced the common liquid organic solutions with a gel-type polymer membrane.

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EPoSil: electroactive polymers for generating electricity from wave power

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A German consortium involving four companies and and two universities is developing dielectric elastomers (electroactive polymers) for the conversion of mechanical energy—in this case wave power—into electrical power.

ISU study finds large potential for biobased materials in auto industry, but with challenges

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The 2010 Ford Flex’s third-row interior storage bins contained 20% wheat straw biofiller. Soy-based polyurethane foams have been placed in the seat cushions and seatbacks of the Ford Mustang, Expedition, F-150, Focus, Escape, Escape Hybrid, Mercury Mariner, Lincoln Navigator, Lincoln MKS, and, most recently, 2010 Taurus. Soy-foam headliners were put in place for the 2010 Ford Escape and Mercury Mariner. Bio-polymers Biomass Biorefinery Sustainability Wave and Tidal Web/Tech

Oxis Energy polymer Li-S pouch cell surpasses 450 cycles

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Oxis’ standard polymer Li-S pouch cell has surpassed 450 cycles. Oxis Energy, a UK-based developer of lithium-sulfur batteries, reported via Twitter that one of its standard polymer Li-S pouch cells surpassed 450 cycles this week.

Researchers Image Zinnia Cells Down to Nanoscale; Potential Aid for Lignocellulosic Biofuel Production

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The basic idea is that cellulose is a polymer of sugars, which if released by enzymes, can be converted into alcohols and other chemicals used in alternative fuel production. Thelen (2010) Imaging Cell Wall Architecture in Single Zinnia elegans Tracheary Elements.

Corvus Energy and Dow Kokam Sign Exclusive Contract for Sales of Lithium Polymer Cells to Marine Markets

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Corvus Energy, a provider of lithium-ion battery systems developed specifically for the marine propulsion market, has entered into an exclusive distributor contract with Dow Kokam for sales of its advanced lithium polymer cells to the marine industry. Dow Kokam’s patented lithium polymer Z fold cell structure technology allows higher energy density, higher discharge rates and a longer cycle life than any other cell manufacturer.

Bacteria provide template for oxide nanostructures with strong electrochemical performance; potential applications in batteries, catalysts, sensors and supercapacitors

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Templating can use either hard templates (such as anodized alumina membranes and MCM-41 silica) or soft templates (such as surfactants and block co-polymers. Hyun-Woo Shim, Yun-Ho Jin, Seung-Deok Seo, Seung-Hun Lee, and Dong-Wan Kim (2010) Highly Reversible Lithium Storage in Bacillus subtilis -Directed Porous Co 3 O 4 Nanostructures. (a) Schematic diagram of the bacteria-templated synthesis of the oxide nanostructures.

Pedego Electric Bikes and SiGNa Chemistry Demonstrate Battery-Fuel Cell Solution for Electric Bicycles

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of weight a rider carries, an additional 700 watt-hours of energy is available (compared to ~350 watt-hours for an ultra-high performance lithium-polymer battery at a weight of 7 lbs.). Pedego Electric Bikes and SiGNa Chemistry have developed an ultra-high-performance range extender for electric bicycles. The battery-fuel cell hybrid system is compatible with all existing Pedego bicycles and batteries. For every 1.5

Horizon Fuel Cell Powered Team Wins 1st Place at Shell Eco-Marathon Asia 2010

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Horizon currently develops complete PEM (Polymer Electrolyte Membrane) fuel cell power solutions delivering 0.3 The first Asian Shell Eco-marathon included 81 teams from 10 Asian countries and was held at the Formula One Circuit in Sepang, Malaysia on 7-10 July 2010.

DaniMer Scientific and Myriant form strategic alliance; bio-succinic acid for production of bio-based polymers

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As part of the alliance, DaniMer will utilize Myriant’s bio-succinic acid for the production of high-performance, bio-based polymers used to make a broad range of products. DaniMer is constructing a large-scale production facility that will incorporate Myriant’s bio-succinic acid into its production processes for a number of bio-based polymers used in the production of numerous consumer products.

European Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Issues €89.1M Call for Proposals for 2010

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The European Commission Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH) Joint Undertaking (JU) has published its 2010 Call for Proposals with a budget of €89.1 Specific topics for the different areas in the 2010 Call include: Transportation and Refuelling Infrastructure (€31.6M). The deadline to submit project proposals for the 2010 call is 13 October 2010. Following an independent evaluation, successful projects have been in negotiations for grant agreements since April 2010.

Ford and Ontario Bio-Car Initiative Develop Wheat Straw-Reinforced Plastic; First Application in 2010 Flex

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First application is on the 2010 Ford Flex’s third-row interior storage bins. The newest addition is the engine cam cover on the 3.0-liter V-6 2010 Ford Escape. The 2010 Ford Fusion and Mercury Milan Hybrids feature 85% post-industrial yarns and 15 percent solution-dyed yarns.

MotoCzysz Electric Superbike Tackling 2010 Isle of Man TT Zero Race

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The battery electric MotoCzysz E1pc superbike is one of the contenders in the 2010 Isle of Man TT Zero race for electric bikes today (Thursday). The new D1g1tal modular battery packs utilize high density, high discharge LiPo (Lithium Polymer) cells. The iconic Isle of Man TT (Tourist Trophy) Races is one of the longest running (first race in 1907) and dangerous (227 riders have died) motorcycle races in the world.

Tata Motors Selects EIG Lithium-ion Polymer Batteries for Indica Vista Electric Vehicle Program

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EIG will supply 20Ah NCM Li-ion polymer cells to Miljøbil Grenland AS. is to supply 20Ah lithium-ion polymer cells to Miljøbil Grenland AS for the design validation and the subsequent engineering sign-off scheduled for early 2010.

Toyota to Use Bio-PET Ecological Plastic in Vehicle Interiors

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Tags: Bio-polymers Materials Plastics Vehicle Systems

Frost & Sullivan Outlines Opportunities for Chemical Companies in the Changing Automotive Sector

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Tags: Bio-polymers Materials Plastics Policy

Genencor and Goodyear Partnering on Process to Develop BioIsoprene from Sugars; To be Used in Manufacture of Tires

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Ilana S Aldor, Anthony R Calabria, Joseph C McAuliffe (2010) BioIsoprene: Development of a bio-based process for production of isoprene from renewable resources (ACS239 Paper 349). Joseph McAuliffe, Gregg Whited, Maggie Cervin, Karl Sanford, Frank Feher, Dave Benko (2010) Bioprocess for the conversion of carbohydrates into bioisoprene (ACS 239 Paper 104). Tags: Bio-polymers Biomass Tires The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.

Ford Adds Soy Foam Seat Cushions To Explorer; Nearly 100% of North American Lineup to Feature Soy Foam By End of 2010

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In addition to Explorer, the Fusion, Fiesta, F-250/F-350 Super Duty, Mercury Milan and Lincoln MKZ will get soy foam by the end of 2010. One day I hope to see the automotive world go totally compostable, removing the use of petroleum-based parts 100 percent —Debbie Mielewski, Ford polymer technical leader. The 2011 Ford Explorer will feature soy foam in seat cushions and seatbacks.

Hyundai Debuts Sonata Hybrid at New York Show

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lithium polymer battery pack (5.3 The weight-efficient architecture of the new Sonata platform, combined with the lightweight lithium polymer battery pack, make the Sonata Hybrid the lightest vehicle in the segment, at just 3,457 pounds, 263 pounds lighter than the Fusion Hybrid.

Li-ion Silicon Anode Based on Virus-Enabled 3-D Current Collector Shows Strong Cycleability

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The virus-based material is one of several types of porous silicon anode materials members of the University of Maryland team have developed, including ones using polymer scaffold binders and carbon fiber as a current collector. SEM images before and after the silicon deposition.

Leo Motors Exhibits Electric Trucks with Zinc Air Fuel Cell Range Extenders

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displayed two electric trucks equipped with a new Zinc Air Fuel Cell (ZAFC) system as a range-extender at the EV Korea 2010 Expo. The refuelable ZAFC oxidizes zinc pellets, generating the power to recharge the Li-ion polymer battery pack. Leo Motors, Inc.

Kia shows Forte LPG Hybrid Concept at SEMA

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Created by Kinetic Motorsports, the Hybrid Concept combines a 1.6-liter four-cylinder engine fueled by liquefied petroleum gas (propane) and lithium polymer battery with accentuated design characteristics, including body panel enhancements and a lowered stance.

IBM and Stanford University Developing New Organic Catalysts for New Types of Biodegradeable, Biocompatible Plastics

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Through the introduction of organic catalysis to synthetic polymer chemistry, scientists have developed a broadly applicable technology with demonstrations in a diverse range of polymerization techniques and monomer types.

Ford Increasing Use of Renewable and Recyclable Materials in Vehicles

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Ford is increasing the use of renewable and recyclable materials such as the soy and bio-based seat cushions and seatbacks on the 2010 Ford Taurus. The 2010 Ford Taurus is the eleventh Ford vehicle to feature bio-based seat cushions and seatbacks. Ford’s sustainable materials strategy.

Graphene-based supercapacitor offers energy density comparable to NiMH battery, but with rapid charge and discharge

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These are the highest energy density values ever reported with carbon electrodes without the pseudocapacitance contributions from a conducting polymer or metal oxide, the authors said, further stating that “ We believe that this is truly a breakthrough in energy technology.”

GM sourcing components for the Chevy Volt produced from recycled oil-soaked plastic booms from BP spill

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The remaining is a mixture of post-consumer recycled plastics and other polymers. Lucent Polymers used its process to then manipulate the material into the physical state necessary for plastic die-mold production. Steps in recycling the booms to auto parts. Click to enlarge.

T3 Motion Debuts GT3 3-Wheel, Four-Tire EV

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The two-passenger GT3 is driven by an AC induction motor powered by an 18 kWh lithium-polymer pack. T3 Motion , Inc. has unveiled the GT3 plug-in electric vehicle.

Renewable Chemicals and Advanced Biofuels Company Gevo Files for IPO; Non-binding Letter of Intent with United Airlines for Renewable Jet Fuel

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Gevo has a low capital cost retrofit strategy for ethanol plants to produce isobutanol for direct use; for use in the production of plastics, materials, rubber and other polymers; and for use in the production of hydrocarbon fuels.

Tunable high-yield catalytic approach converts pyrolysis oil to bio-hydrocarbon chemical feedstocks including fuel additives

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The C 6 to C 8 aromatic hydrocarbons can be high-octane gasoline additives or feedstocks for the chemical and polymer industries. The C 2 to C 6 diols can serve as feedstocks for the chemical and polymer industries.

3D Coaxial Nanocable Electrode Shows Enhanced Electrochemical Performance in Fuel Cells

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Platinum is currently the primary electrocatalyst in use in polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells, where it catalyzes oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at the cathode and fuel (including hydrogen and methanol) oxidation reaction at the anode.

Hyundai Blue-Will Plug-in Hybrid Concept Presages Future Production PHEVs

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Blue-Will serves as a test bed of new ideas that range from roof-mounted solar cells to drive-by-wire steering, lithium polymer batteries and touch-screen controls, and foreshadows future hybrid production vehicles from Hyundai. The Blue-Will PHEV concept. Click to enlarge.

Startup New Oil Resources commercializing hydrothermal process for conversion of biomass to gasoline-range hydrocarbons

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We use hot water to depolymerize the cellulose, lignins, lipids and other polymers contained in the biomass. Comeaux, Thomas Junk (2010) Transformation of glucose to volatile and semi-volatile products in hydrothermal (HT) systems. The basic New Oil process. Click to enlarge.

ALTe Reveals Converted Ford F-150 Range Extended Electric Vehicle Demonstrator at NTEA Show

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Michigan-based electric powertrain company ALTe LLC ( earlier post ) revealed its demonstrator Ford F-150 range-extended electric vehicle conversion at the 2010 National Truck Equipment Association (NTEA) Work Truck Show and Green Truck Summit. Under the hood of the F-150 REEP.

Layered Graphene Sheets Could Be A Promising Hydrogen Storage Material

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Ford and T.Yildirim (2010) Gas adsorption properties of graphene-oxide-frameworks and nanoporous benzene-boronic acid polymers. March 18, 2010. A graphene-oxide framework (GOF), formed of layers of graphene connected by boron-carboxylic “pillars.”

Tata Motors Displays Tata Nano EV at Geneva Motor Show

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Tata will use lithium-polymer batteries, as in the Tata Indica Vista EV, in the Nano EV. Tata Motors presented the Tata Nano Electric Vehicle (EV), based on the Tata Nano platform, at the Geneva Motor Show.

EcoDynamics Kia Models Cut CO2 As Low As 94 g/km

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Powered by lithium polymer gel batteries, it has a top speed of 140 km/h (87 mph) and a maximum range of 160 km (99 miles) on a single charge. The diesel-powered concept cee’d offers CO 2 emissions of 94 g/km. Click to enlarge.

Berkeley Lab scientists generate low-cost, hybrid thermoelectric materials

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Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have constructed a low-cost, nanoscale composite hybrid thermoelectric material by wrapping a polymer that conducts electricity around a nanorod of tellurium—a metal coupled with cadmium in today’s most cost-effective solar cells. thousands of times greater than either the polymer or nanorod alone—a crucial factor in boosting device performance.

Hyundai Introduces i-flow Diesel Hybrid Concept at Geneva; New Blue Drive Vehicles and Technologies

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Hyundai staged the global debut of its i-flow diesel hybrid concept car at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. At the 2010 Geneva Motor Show, Hyundai revealed the latest additions to its growing collection of eco-focused Blue Drive innovations. The i-flow concept. Click to enlarge.

Arkema Showcasing Kynar PVDF Resins for Li-ion Batteries at Advanced Automotive Batteries Conference Europe

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Kynar polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) resins are highly stable polymers that offer a balance of performance properties. From this has come Kynar and Kynar Flex resins that are polymers for use in both polymer and liquid cell lithium batteries. Arkema has more than 40 years experience in coating, film and polymer technologies.