Venezuela to supply up to 400,000 barrels of heavy crude oil per day to India

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State-run oil company Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. PDVSA) and India’s Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), last week signed two agreements to boost extra-heavy crude oil production in Venezuela’s Orinoco Oil Belt (FPO) and sell up to 400,000 barrels per day (bpd) to the country. Venezuela will send Reliance between 300,000 and 400,000 barrels per day. Venezuela currently sends 270,000 bpd to India; India’s oil consumption currently amounts to 4.2

Russia’s Rosneft to invest $16B to develop Carabobo 2 extra-heavy crude in Venezuela; first oil from Junin

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Russian oil and gas major Rosneft, 75% owned by the government, will invest $16 billion in a planned joint venture project with Venezuela’s state oil and gas company PDVSA to develop the Carabobo 2 block in the southern Orinoco extra-heavy crude belt in Venezuela, according to Rosneft CEO Igor Sechin. The Orinoco oil belt in Venezuela.


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IHS-CERA concludes “no material impact” on US GHG from Keystone XL; heavy crude from Venezuela most likely replacement

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The study also found that any absence of oil sands on the US Gulf Coast would most likely be replaced by imports of heavy crude oil from Venezuela, which has the same carbon footprint as oilsands crude. the decision on Keystone XL may ultimately boil down to a determination of oil market share between Canada and Venezuela. Venezuela.

Wison wins site preparation contract for refinery project in Venezuela; largest refinery PC project in Latin America by Chinese company

Green Car Congress

an indirectly non wholly-owned subsidiary of Wison Engineering Services, was awarded a procurement and construction (PC) contract by Venezuela’s PDVSA Petroleo, S.A.for the site preparation for the Puerto la Cruz oil refinery Deep Conversion Project. The bulk of Venezuela’s oil reserves in the Orinoco Oil Belt is formed by heavy and extra heavy crude oil. This partnership will be also conducive to maintaining and deepening trade and economic cooperation between China and Venezuela.

Eni and PDVSA launch major heavy-oil projects in Orinoco Belt in Venezuela

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Italy-based oil and gas major Eni and PDVSA (Petróleos de Venezuela), the state-owned oil and gas corporation of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, signed contracts for the creation of two joint ventures (Empresas Mixtas, Mixed Enterprises). PDVSA will own 60% of both JVs, according to the terms of the new hydrocarbon law of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. 2009, An estimate of recoverable heavy oil resources of the Orinoco Oil Belt, Venezuela: U.S.

Argentina and Venezuela to cooperate in $2.2B 100,000 bpd extra-heavy oil joint venture in Orinoco Belt

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Argentina and Venezuela will form a joint venture targeting production of 100,000 barrels of extra-heavy oil per day in the Junin field area of the Orinoco Oil Belt. Venezuela President Hugo Chavez said that oil cooperation between the two countries dates back to 2004, with the late Argentine President Nestor Kirchner. In the 1990s Venezuela established four strategic associations to exploit these resources, later converting them to mixed companies with majority PdVSA ownership.

Eni Makes Giant Gas Discovery in Offshore Venezuela

Green Car Congress

Italian oil major Eni made a world class gas discovery at its Perla field, in the shallow water of the Venezuelan offshore, successfully drilling an explorative well in the Perla field, located in the Cardon IV block, in the Gulf of Venezuela. The results of the well exceeded pre-drill expectations, making Perla the largest gas discovery in Venezuela and, potentially, one of the world’s largest natural-gas discoveries in recent years.

Technip awarded contract for two hydrogen reformers in Venezuela to support expanded processing of Orinoco heavy crude

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Technip was awarded a “significant” contract to supply its proprietary technology as well as engineering and procurement services for two hydrogen reformers in Venezuela. These 135-million standard cubic feet per day (151-thousand normal cubic meters per hour) reformers are part of the Deep Conversion project being executed by the consortium for Venezuela’s state oil company, Petroleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA), to upgrade the Puerto La Cruz refinery.

Eni announces first production from the Junin-5 giant heavy oil field in Venezuela

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PetroJunín, joint venture formed by PDVSA (60%) and Eni (40%), has started production from the Junín-5 giant heavy oil field, located in the Faja del Orinoco—the area with the largest untapped hydrocarbon reserves in the world, according to Eni. The block is located around 550 kilometers south east of Caracas and covers an area of approximately 425 square kilometers.

Rosneft and PDVSA sign tentative MoU for JV to develop heavy crude reserves in Venezuela’s Orinoco belt

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Rosneft, the leader of Russia’s petroleum industry and majority owned (75.6%) by the state, and PDVSA, Venezuela’s state-owned oil and gas company, have signed a tentative memorandum of understanding (MoU) to set up a joint venture to develop heavy crude oil reserves in Venezuela as part of the Carabobo-2 project. After gaining all the required approvals from the Government and the National Assembly of Venezuela, Rosneft will extend a market rate $1.5

Could Venezuela Gas-Price Rise From 5 Cents Sell Greener Cars?

Green Car Reports

Until you see what our counterparts in Venezuela are paying for gas--with the nation''s subsidies, drivers pay a nominal 5 cents per gallon If you have friends in Europe, you might have heard them complaining of gas prices topping $8 per gallon. It''s certainly enough to make you feel better about the average $3.60 a gallon drivers pay in the U.S.

PDVSA signs $4B loan agreement with China Development Bank for expansion of heavy oil production in Orinoco

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Venezuela’s PDVSA signed a $4.0-billion, 8-year loan agreement with China Development Bank (CDB) for boosting production at the Sinovensa heavy oil joint venture in the Orinoco belt from 140,000 barrels per day to 330,000 barrels per day by 2016. Venezuela will also receive two other loans from China: one for $1.5 China and Venezuela are developing Orinoco blocks Junin 1, 4 and 8; Boyaca 4 and MP3.

2013 174

Rosneft and PDVSA sign cooperation agreement on gas projects on Venezuelan shelf

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Rosneft’s President and Chairman of the Management Board Igor Sechin and Venezuelan Oil Minister and PDVSA President Rafael Ramirez, in the presence of the President Vladimir Putin, signed a cooperation agreement for implementation of offshore projects in Venezuela. RIA Novosti quoted President Putin as saying Venezuela and Russia have huge potential for joint investment projects, especially in energy.

2013 163

CNPC and PDVSA to invest $14B to develop Junin 10 in Orinoco extra-heavy oil belt

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China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) and Venezuela’s PDVSA (Petróleos de Venezuela SA) will invest about $14 billion to develop the Junin 10 block in the Orinoco extra heavy oil belt in Venezuela, according to a tweet sent out by Rafael Ramirez, the Venezuelan petroleum minister. In June 2012, Petróleos de Venezuela, SA (PDVSA) began drilling the first well in the Junin 10 block in cluster JA-16.

2013 183

PdVSA doubling capacity and modernizing El Palito Refinery for influx of more Orinoco heavy crudes

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The Venezuelan national petroleum company Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. According to Oil and Gas Journal (OGJ), Venezuela had 211 billion barrels of proven oil reserves in 2011, the second largest the world. billion barrels in 2010, due to the the inclusion of the massive reserves of extra-heavy oil in Venezuela’s Orinoco belt.

2012 200

PDVSA signs agreements with India’s Reliance and OVL for work in Orinoco

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The Venezuelan state oil company, Petroleos de Venezuela, SA (PdVSA), has signed agreements with two major Indian energy companies, Reliance and OVL, for work in Venezuela’s Orinoco heavy oil belt. OVL currently has stakes in two producing projects in Venezuela; Petro-Carabobo and Petro-Indovenezolana with investments of about US$341 million.

2013 204

PDVSA and Eni to Form Joint Ventures to Produce and Refine Heavy Crude Oil in Orinoco Region; Targeting 240,000 Barrels per Day

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Venezuela state-owned PDVSA and Italy-based Eni are finalizing a planned 60:40 joint venture to produce heavy crude oil in Junin Block 5 in the Orinoco Oil Belt in Venezuela in 2014. Venezuela contains billions of barrels in extra-heavy crude oil and bitumen deposits, most in the Orinoco Belt in central Venezuela. In 2009, Venezuela produced about 600,000 barrels per day in joint ventures in the Orinoco Oil Belt.

2010 174

PDVSA and PetroChina move ahead with 400,000 barrel per day oil refinery in China; processing Orinoco heavy and extra-heavy crude

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Petróleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA) and PetroChina recently signed the Project for Development and Establishment of a joint venture to realize the future development of the Nanhai refinery. Venezuela has seen significant upward revisions in its proven oil reserves over the past few years due to the inclusion of massive reserves of extra-heavy oil in the Orinoco Belt. According to OPEC figures, then, Venezuela has now surpassed Saudi Arabia in terms of oil reserves (296.5

2011 174

EIA: Top 5 US crude oil suppliers account for 72% of total crude imports; highest proportion since 1997

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Crude oil imports from the top five foreign suppliers to the United States—which in 2012 were Canada, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Iraq, in that order—accounted for almost 72% of total US net crude oil imports, the highest proportion since 1997, according to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). Venezuela. Venezuela’s state oil company sent more crude to US refineries, which exported more gasoline and other petroleum products back to Venezuela.

2013 224

PDVSA and Eni inaugurate first heavy crude pipeline in Junin-5 in Orinoco belt

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The Venezuela Minister of Petroleum and President of the state-owned company PDVSA, Rafael Ramirez, and a delegation of Eni, composed of the members of the board of directors and led by the Chief Executive Paolo Scaroni and the President Giuseppe Recchi, inaugurated the first pipeline to evacuate oil from the Junin-5 field, located on the Orinoco oil belt. Eni has been present in Venezuela since 1998.

2013 190

EIA: nearly 69% of US crude oil imports in 2011 originated from 5 countries; Canada alone accounted for 25%

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The amount of crude oil the United States imported from its top five foreign suppliers—Canada, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Nigeria—increased slightly during 2011, even though total US crude oil imports fell to their lowest level in 12 years, according to the US Energy Information Administration. Canada, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Nigeria have consistently been America’s five largest crude oil suppliers, although their rankings varied from year to year.

2012 197

Opinion: How Much Longer Can OPEC Hold Out?

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With the huge reduction in its revenues and growing discomfort among its members such as Venezuela, Libya and Nigeria over its current production levels, is OPEC really getting weaker? Venezuela’s Woes. Containing some of the largest proven oil and gas reserves in the world, Venezuela is one of the founding members of OPEC. Therefore, it would be in Venezuela''s interests to reduce its production levels especially after the Iran nuclear deal.

2015 190

CITGO to pay $737K penalty and implement pollution abatement projects at two refineries

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an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. PDVSA), the national oil company of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Houston-based CITGO Petroleum Corp. CITGO) has agreed to pay a $737,000 civil penalty and to implement projects to reduce harmful air pollution, resolving alleged violations of the Clean Air Act (CAA) at its petroleum refining facilities located in Lemont, Ill. and Lake Charles (Westlake), La.

2013 174

Future Ford F-150 MPG, Electric Motorcycle Guide, 5-Cent Gasoline: Today's Car News

Green Car Reports

Today on Green Car Reports: We look at what could raise fuel efficiency in the next Ford F-150 pickup truck, we run down electric motorcycle options this year, and cheer the passing of Venezuela''s soon-to-vanish gas price: 5 cents per gallon. All this and more on Green Car Reports. After an incident in which faulty garage wiring may have caused a

Eni report: global oil reserves and oil production up in 2018 due to US

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OPEC registered zero growth as production in the Arab Gulf countries were offset by losses in Iran and Venezuela due to geopolitical issues. The collapse of Venezuela and Mexico and Iran’s retreat prevailed over increases in Saudi Arabia and Iraq, reducing the weight of medium sour crude oil for the first time below 40%, with impacts on price differentials and refining.

2019 163

The 5 Countries That Could Push Oil Prices Up

Green Car Congress

The ‘Fragile Five’ petrostates—Iran, Iraq, Libya, Nigeria and Venezuela—continue to see supply disruption potential, with northern Iraq crude exports at risk due to an escalation of tensions between the (Kurdistan Regional Government), Baghdad and Turkey, while the United States has decertified the 2015 Iran nuclear deal,” U.S. Venezuela. The unfolding implosion of Venezuela almost ensures that more of the country’s oil production will erode, perhaps at a quickening pace.

2017 163

IEA: record oil output from US, Brazil, Canada and Norway to keep global markets well supplied

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In Venezuela, oil production has fallen by more than half in the past 20 years, and declines are set to accelerate. Sharply falling production in Venezuela will offset gains in Iraq, resulting in OPEC crude oil capacity growth of just 750,000 barrels a day by 2023.

2018 195

Researchers develop large-scale, economical method to extract hydrogen from oil sands and oil fields

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The process can extract hydrogen from existing oil sands reservoirs, with huge existing supplies found in Canada and Venezuela. Canadian researchers have developed a large-scale economical method to extract hydrogen from oil sands (natural bitumen) and oil fields. This can be used to power hydrogen-powered vehicles, which are already marketed in some countries, as well as to generate electricity.

National oil companies hold top spots in Energy Intelligence’s ranking of top oil firms

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Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA). State-owned oil companies are retaining their dominant position in the world petroleum industry according to Energy Intelligence ’s annual ranking of the world’s top 50 oil and gas companies, which was published today in Petroleum Intelligence Weekly (PIW). It is the only ranking system that compares private sector firms with national oil companies.

2015 188

PDVSA to boost Orinoco heavy oil production

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Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. PDVSA) is moving forward with a series of new heavy oil developments in the Orinoco Oil Belt that will allow a significant increase in production, while requiring the development of massive new infrastructure, Ruben Figuera, director of new developments in the Orinoco Oil Belt, told delegates to the World Heavy Oil Congress 2014 in New Orleans.

2014 214

Opinion: Who Will Be Left Standing At The End Of The Oil War?

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Then we have Venezuela, where production costs hover just over $23 per barrel on average, but where disaster is imminent. For Venezuela, the breakeven point is particularly elusive because the country’s oil is very heavy and very dirty —and thus very expensive to extract and refine. Venezuela is already on its knees. by Charles Kennedy for This is a financial cold war—nothing more, nothing less.

2016 210

GECF: more than a quarter of 2050 natural gas supply untapped

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The Gas Exporting Countries Forum is an international governmental organization of 20 Member Countries—Algeria, Bolivia, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Russia, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Angola, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Norway, Oman, Peru, and the United Arab Emirates—which jointly control 71% of the proven gas reserves, 45% of its marketed production, 53% of pipeline, and 60% of LNG exports across the globe.

2020 163

2016 Ford Explorer SUV replaces 2.0L EcoBoost with new 2.3L EcoBoost unit; more power and torque, same fuel economy expected

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Ford Explorer is built in North America at Chicago Assembly Plant, as well as in Venezuela and now, Russia. The new 2016 Ford Explorer SUV is making its global debut today at Los Angeles Auto Show with a new available 2.3-liter EcoBoost four-cylinder engine that delivers more horsepower and torque than the 2.0L EcoBoost four-cylinder it replaces, with no compromise in fuel economy anticipated. New 2.3-liter EcoBoost delivers more power and torque than the outgoing 2.0L

2014 220

EIA: China is now the world’s largest net importer of petroleum and other liquid fuels

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Because production levels from Iran, Libya, and Sudan and South Sudan dropped since 2011, China replaced the lost shares of crude oil and other liquids imports from these countries with imports from Oman, Iraq, the United Arab Emirates, Angola, Venezuela, and Russia.

2014 224

Gas Prices: You Could Pay $10 A Gallon. Or Just 6 Cents. Why?

Green Car Reports

But you may wish you were in Caracas, Venezuela, where enormous government subsidies cut the price to a ridiculous 6 cents per gallon. What did you pay for gasoline the last time you filled up? If you're in the U.S., probably about $2.70 per gallon. Yep, six pennies. And you may thank your stars you're not in Asmara, Eritrea, where taxes

US Lifted The Crude Oil Export Ban, And Exports Went Down

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crude oil is Venezuela. In early February, Venezuela’s state-run oil company PDVSA imported a 550,000-barrel cargo of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) through its U.S.-based Venezuela started importing foreign crudes in 2014 amid a fall in its own production—buying mostly Angolan and Nigerian light grades. by Charles Kennedy of

2016 163

IEA: non-OPEC oil supply tops 43 mb/d for first time in decades; global demand to reach 92.4 mb/d in 2014

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Renewed disruptions in Libya and smaller drops in Nigeria, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela more than offset higher output in Iran, Iraq and Angola. The International Energy Agency’s (IEA’s) Oil Market Report (OMR) for December raised the estimate of global oil demand for 2013 by 130,000 barrels per day (130 kb/d) to 91.2 million barrels per day (mb/d), on stronger-than-expected third-quarter demand growth among OECD countries of 320 kb/d.

2013 197

EIA: US importing more crude from Canada, even as total imports falling; 25% of imports in 2011, 28% so far in 2012

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Canada is the largest supplier of foreign oil to the United States, followed by Saudi Arabia, Mexico, and Venezuela. US imports of Canadian crude oil rose to record levels during the first eight months of 2012, with Canada accounting for a growing share of total gross US imports, according to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). The United States is importing more crude oil from Canada, even though the total amount of crude oil America buys from foreign suppliers is falling.

2012 200

Obama: no Keystone XL if significant exacerbation of GHG; Canada: no problem

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The remaining crude coming from the Alberta oilsands has the same or lower emissions than the heavy crude that the US imports from Venezuela, he noted. In his talk at Georgetown University outlining his climate action plan, President Barack Obama suggested that the controversial Keystone XL pipeline would only be built if the project “ does not significantly exacerbate the problem of carbon pollution. ”.

2013 183

GM Creates New South America Regional Organization

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GM South America includes GM’s existing sales and manufacturing operations in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela as well as sales activities in those countries and Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay. General Motors is creating a new regional organization to meet rising customer demand in South America. GM South America will be headquartered in Sao Paulo, Brazil and will be led by Jaime Ardila, currently president and general manager GM Mercosur.

New catalytic system for conversion of CO2 to methanol shows much higher activity than others now in use

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Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, with colleagues from the University of Seville (Spain) and Universidad Central de Venezuela, have discovered a new, highly active catalytic system for converting carbon dioxide to methanol. The Instituto de Tecnologia Venezolana para el Petroleo supported part of the work carried out at the Central University of Venezuela.

2014 207

Mad Power thoughts

EV Info

Had it not been so exceptionally calm in the run up to this autumn equinox, one could call the energy crisis a perfect storm.

Coal 52

Platts: June OPEC output of 32.73M barrels of crude per day, highest since Aug. 2008

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Venezuela acted as a check on the overall level though, as the crisis-hit country’s production continues to hit fresh lows. Analysts also said Venezuela’s oil sector continues to see power rationing, which is exacerbating the output decline. Oil production from the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) crude oil output surged 300,000 barrels per day (b/d) in June, close to an eight-year high of 32.73

2016 150