New Emissions Analytics study suggests pollution from tire wear now 1,850 times worse than exhaust emissions

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In early 2020, UK-based independent testing firm Emissions Analytics published a study claiming that tire particulate wear emissions were 1,000 times worse than exhaust emissions ( earlier post ). —Emissions Analytics. —Emissions Analytics.

NOAA study finds reducing particulate air pollution in N America & Europe increases hurricanes in N Atlantic

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A new NOAA study covering four decades of tropical cyclones found that reducing particulate air pollution in Europe and North America has contributed to an increase in the number of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic basin and a decrease in the number of these storms in the Southern Hemisphere.

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Emissions Analytics finds pollution from tire wear can be 1,000x worse than exhaust emissions

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Pollution from tire wear can be 1,000 times worse than a car’s exhaust emissions, Emissions Analytics has found. New cars now emit very little in the way of particulate matter but there is growing concern around non-exhaust emissions (NEEs). Emissions Regulations Tires

2020 422

Study: air pollution caused 1.1M deaths across Africa in 2019, toll from outdoor pollution rising

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Air pollution was responsible for 1.1 Deaths attributable to household air pollution and ambient particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) air pollution in Ethiopia, Ghana, Rwanda, and overall in Africa, 1990–2019. Economic output lost to air-pollution-related disease was $3.0

Africa 330

Researchers say world faces air pollution pandemic

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Air pollution is responsible for shortening people’s lives worldwide on a scale far greater than wars and other forms of violence, parasitic and vector-born diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS and smoking, according to an open-access study published in Cardiovascular Research.

2020 358

Modeling study suggests 1.8M excess deaths attributable to urban air pollution in 2019

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A second study, also led by the GWU researchers, finds that nearly 2 million cases of asthma in children are linked to traffic-related nitrogen dioxide air pollution, with two in three occurring in cities. Two-thirds of pediatric asthma cases linked to air pollution in cities.

2019 378

WHO issues new, lower Global Air Quality Guidelines for classical pollutants

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New WHO has issued new Global Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs) that reduce levels of key air pollutants, some of which also contribute to climate change. WHO’s new guidelines recommend air quality levels for 6 pollutants, where evidence has advanced the most on health effects from exposure.

MIT study: half of US deaths related to air pollution are linked to out-of-state emissions

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More than half of all air-quality-related early deaths in the United States are a result of emissions originating outside of the state in which those deaths occur, MIT researchers report in a paper in the journal Nature. Now it’s looking like other emissions sectors are becoming important.

2020 271

AECC presents zero-impact emissions demonstrator car at Vienna Motor Symposium

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The European Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC) presented its zero-impact emissions demonstrator car at the Vienna Motor Symposium, 27-29 April. At the same time, Well-to-Wheel (WtW) CO 2 emissions are substantially reduced by running the vehicle on an e-fuel.

CARB approves new requirements to further reduce air pollution from Transport Refrigeration Units

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The 2022 amendments will require a variety of actions designed to reduce the pollution these units produce, and accelerate their transition to zero-emission technologies. road particulate matter emission standard for 25?50 emission by 31 December 2029.

Study links increased black carbon pollution to increase in cases of lung adenocarcinoma worldwide

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An international team of scientists, led by NTU Singapore, has linked increased air pollution to an uptick in cases of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) worldwide. Black carbon is a pollutant that is classified as under PM 2.5. Global statistics have highlighted the trends of lung cancers but understanding what may be causing them has been unclear, until the NTU-led study, which has associated the incidence of the cancers to air pollution and tobacco consumption.

Researchers use satellite data to show vehicles are an under-recognized source of urban ammonia pollution

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Researchers now report in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology Letters that satellite data from before and during the spring 2020 lockdown in Los Angeles shows that vehicles, rather than agriculture, are the main source of urban airborne ammonia (NH 3 ), which forms small particles that contribute to air pollution and harm human health. On a national or global scale, most NH 3 pollution comes from agricultural sources, such as livestock manure.

Study links fine particulate tailpipe pollution to dementia, Alzheimer's

Green Car Reports

Air pollution from vehicle tailpipes isn't just linked to respiratory issues. A University of Washington study has found an association between higher levels of air pollution and higher risk for dementia. emissions

Ice core data show why air pollution is dropping more slowly in US and Western Europe despite lower sulfur emissions

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Despite these successes, sulfate levels in the atmosphere have declined more slowly than sulfur dioxide emissions, especially in wintertime. This unexpected phenomenon suggests sulfur dioxide emission reductions are less efficient than expected for cutting sulfate aerosols.

HEI study in Europe finds evidence of health effects at lower levels of air pollution

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A major new Health Effects Institute (HEI) report presents a study examining associations between exposures to relatively low levels of air pollution and several health outcomes among participants in 22 European cohorts. In the report, the investigators describe the development of new exposure models for all of Europe for four pollutants: fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ), black carbon (BC), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), and ozone (O 3 ), as well as PM 2.5

Europe 260

PM2.5 pollution linked to higher glaucoma risk

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Living in a more polluted area is associated with a greater likelihood of having glaucoma, a debilitating eye condition that can cause blindness, according to a new UCL-led study in the UK. We have found yet another reason why air pollution should be addressed as a public health priority, and that avoiding sources of air pollution could be worthwhile for eye health alongside other health concerns. Emissions Health

2019 218

Severe drought influences ozone pollution

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Drought conditions can have complicated effects on ozone air quality, so to better understand the process, researchers have analyzed data from two ozone-polluted cities before, during and after the California drought. Although ozone in the stratosphere protects the earth from ultraviolet radiation, at ground level the molecule is a harmful air pollutant to humans, animals and plants. Emissions

Ozone 189

New study puts air-pollution related deaths in India in 2019 at 1.67 million

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Air pollution in India resulted 1.67 million deaths in 2019—the largest pollution-related death toll in any country in the world—and also accounted for $36.8 billion (US) in economic losses, according to a new study led by researchers from the Global Observatory on Pollution and Health at Boston College, the Indian Council of Medical Research, and the Public Health Foundation of India. The 2019 death toll attributed to air pollution in India accounted for 17.8%

2020 265

New analysis suggests Uber adding significantly to pollution and traffic in European cities

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Uber is adding more polluting car trips to already-clogged European cities such as London and Paris, new analysis by European NGOs suggests —contributing to air pollution and climate change and exploding the company’s sustainability claims.

2019 393

NUS researcher links air pollution to increased residential electricity demand

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A study conducted by Associate Professor Alberto Salvo from the Department of Economics at the National University of Singapore (NUS) Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences found that households respond to ambient air pollution by increasing electricity consumption, which in turn increases the carbon emissions that are co-produced in supplying the electricity. This is important for policymakers when forecasting and influencing future emissions paths in the context of climate change.

2020 234

EPA adds 1-bromopropane to list of hazardous air pollutants; first addition since 1990

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has granted petitions to add 1-bromopropane (1-BP) to the list of hazardous air pollutants regulated under the Clean Air Act (CAA). This is the first time since 1990 that EPA has granted a petition to add a hazardous air pollutant to the CAA. Under the CAA, EPA is required to regulate emissions of air toxics, also known as hazardous air pollutants. The original CAA list of regulated air toxics included 189 pollutants.

2020 265

Yale study finds asphalt a significant source of air pollution, especially on hot, sunny days

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Asphalt is a near-ubiquitous substance—it’s found in roads, on roofs and in driveways—but its chemical emissions rarely figure into urban air quality management plans. Asphalt’s life cycle and temperature-dependent emissions. (A) Emissions Market Background Materials

2020 291

Study links air pollution to dementia and cardiovascular disease

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People continuously exposed to air pollution are at increased risk of dementia, especially if they also suffer from cardiovascular diseases, according to a study at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in the journal JAMA Neurology. Patients with cardiovascular diseases who live in polluted environments may require additional support from care providers to prevent dementia, according to the researchers. Emissions Health

2020 208

Study demonstrates association between personal exposure to air pollution and vascular damage

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A study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), a center supported by the “la Caixa” Foundation, contributes new evidence about the negative impact of air pollution on cardiovascular health. Emissions Health India Market Background

2020 298

T&E: Rising use of private jets sends CO2 emissions soaring

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CO 2 emissions from private jets in Europe increased by nearly a third (31%) between 2005 and 2019, rising faster than commercial aviation emissions, according to a new report from environmental campaign group Transport & Environment (T&E).

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New iron catalyst helps preferentially reduce NO to hydroxylamine; pollution control and clean energy

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Among the major pollutants, nitrogen oxide (NO x ) accumulation can cause severe respiratory diseases and imbalance in the Earth’s nitrogen cycle. Catalysts Emissions Market BackgroundResearchers from Korea and France have shown that iron–nitrogen-doped carbon is an efficient and durable electrocatalyst for selective nitric oxide reduction into hydroxylamine. An open-access paper on the work is published in Nature Communications.

Harvard/Nanjing study: China’s war on PM2.5 pollution is causing more severe ozone pollution

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In early 2013, the Chinese government declared a war on air pollution and began instituting stringent policies to regulate the emissions of PM 2.5. Cities restricted the number of cars on the road, coal-fired power plants reduced emissions or were shuttered and replaced with natural gas. pollution is falling, harmful ground-level ozone pollution is on the rise, especially in large cities. Emissions Policy Regulations

2019 225

T&E: tests show cars powered by electrofuels emit high levels of criteria pollutants

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Proponents claim that if renewable electricity is used and CO 2 is captured from the air, then the e-gasoline and e-diesel are climate-neutral fuels that will also reduce pollution. The European NGO Transport & Environment commissioned IFP Energies Nouvelles to run a series of lab-based tests simulating real-world driving (WLTC and RDE) to measure the emissions of different electrofuel blends in an A-class (A180) Mercedes. The emissions were compared to the standard E10 EU gasoline.

EPA panel says air pollution not harmful

Green Car Reports

It isn't just global warming emissions that the EPA plans to deregulate. EPA air pollution Andrew WheelerAt a meeting last Thursday, a key air quality standards board at the agency cast doubt on longstanding findings that particulate matter—the microscopic particles spewing from diesel tailpipes—can cause health problems leading to premature deaths. In the absence of.

2019 122

EPA restores California’s authority to enforce greenhouse gas emission standards for cars and light trucks

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reinstated California’s authority under the Clean Air Act to implement its own greenhouse gas (GHG) emission standards and zero emission vehicle (ZEV) sales mandate. The ACC program is a package of state regulations that set emissions standards for criteria pollutants and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for light-duty vehicles and a zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) sales mandate.

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York study: Less traffic in first UK lockdown reduced NO2 pollution but caused increase in surface ozone

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Less traffic on the roads during the first COVID-19 lockdown in the UK led to a reduction in air pollution but may have caused potentially damaging surface ozone levels to rise, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of York. COVID-19 Emissions Health

2020 331

Study finds significant link between PM2.5 pollution and neurological disorders in US

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pollution was significantly associated with an increased risk of hospital admissions for several neurological disorders, including Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and other dementias, in a long-term study of more than 63 million older US adults, led by researchers at Harvard T.H. The researchers leveraged an unparalleled amount of data compared to any previous study of air pollution and neurological disorders. Emissions Health Market Background Regulations

2020 265

EPA dissolves boards of pollution scientists

Green Car Reports

Under acting administrator Andrew Wheeler, a former coal-industry lobbyist, analyzing those pollutants will be left to the EPA's internal Clean Air Scientific Advisory. emissions EPA air pollutionThe EPA has dismissed two panels of outside scientists that advised the agency on particulate matter and ground-level ozone, which have been linked to smog and respiratory problems.

2018 101

NUS study finds correlation between PM2.5 pollution and employee productivity

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A study by researchers from the National University of Singapore Department of Economics ( NUS Economics ) has found a correlation between pollution and productivity of employees. The researchers, led by Associate Professor Alberto Salvo, gathered information from various factories in China and discovered that exposure to air pollution over several weeks can reduce employee productivity. The severity of pollution was determined by measuring how many fine particles less than 2.5

2019 217

Congressman introduces “Super Pollutant” emissions act

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US Congressman Scott Peters (CA-52) introduced the Super Pollutant Emissions Reduction Act (SUPER Act) of 2013, legislation aimed at combating short-lived climate pollutants, which are only somewhat addressed by disparate government programs. The short-lived climate pollutants (also called super pollutants) include black carbon, a primary component of soot; tropospheric ozone, the principle component of urban smog; methane; and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).

2013 184

CARB approves updated “At-Berth” regulation, expanding efforts to cut pollution from ships in California ports

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The California Air Resources Board approved a new regulation designed to reduce pollution further from ocean-going vessels while docked at California’s busiest ports. That rule has achieved an 80% reduction in harmful emissions from more than 13,000 vessel visits since 2014. The updated rule adds new vessel categories which will be required to control pollution when they run auxiliary engines or auxiliary boilers (for most tanker vessels) while docked.

2020 254

Study finds half of the world’s population exposed to increasing air pollution

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A team of researchers, led by Professor Gavin Shaddick at the University of Exeter, has shown that, despite global efforts to improve air quality, half of the world’s population is exposed to increasing air pollution. 2020) Half the world’s population are exposed to increasing air pollution.

2020 239

AQLI: new data reveals little progress globally in reducing air pollution over the last two decades

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Particulate air pollution continues to cut global life expectancy by nearly two years as progress in some countries counterbalances worsening air quality in others, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI). China began a “war against pollution” in 2013.

2020 228

Study estimates ~4M children worldwide develop asthma each year because of NO2 air pollution

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About 4 million children worldwide develop asthma each year because of inhaling nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) air pollution, according to an open-access study published in The Lancet Planetary Health by researchers at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH). Our findings suggest that millions of new cases of pediatric asthma could be prevented in cities around the world by reducing air pollution. Emissions Health

2019 290

Researchers find air pollution impacts the health of wild pollinators

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In some of the first research to try to address the physiological and molecular impacts of air pollution on wild plants and animals, scientists from the Bangalore Life Science Cluster in India report that air pollution could be devastating for organisms we rely on most for our own survival—like the honey bee. Perhaps most strikingly, the researchers found more than 80% of the bees collected from the moderate and highly polluted sites died within 24 hours.

2020 184

Study links air pollution to increased emergency department visits for heart and lung disease

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New research by George Mason University found that exposure to certain air pollutants is linked to increased emergency department (ED) visits for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. They found that exposure to pollutants such as ground-level ozone and nitrogen oxides, which are created from burning fossil fuels, led to increased ED visits. We estimated associations between twelve ambient air pollutants of both primary (e.g. Emissions Health

2018 285

Studies find global COVID-19 lockdowns have significantly reduced PM2.5 and NO2 pollution, but ozone up

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Levels of two major air pollutants have been reduced significantly since lockdowns began in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, but a secondary pollutant—ground-level ozone—has increased in China, according to new research. China COVID-19 Emissions

2020 260

EPHA: Coronavirus threat greater for polluted cities; clean air returning to cities in lockdown

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Those living in polluted cities are more at risk from COVID-19, the European Public Health Alliance (EPHA) warned today. Air pollution can cause hypertension, diabetes and respiratory diseases, conditions that doctors are starting to link to higher mortality rates for COVID-19.

2020 245