Researchers propose using AC and ventilation systems for decentralized production of carbon-neutral synthetic fuels

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Researchers at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the University of Toronto have proposed a method enabling air conditioning and ventilation systems to produce synthetic fuels from CO 2 and water from the ambient air. In addition, they expect carbon efficiency—i.e.

2019 106

Rice University study of lung cells suggests anthropogenic carbon nanotubes are common pollutants

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Rice University scientists, working with colleagues in France, have detected the presence of anthropogenic carbon nanotubes (CBTs) in cells extracted from the airways of Parisian children under routine treatment for asthma.

2015 105

University of Utah engineers develop fast method to convert algae to biocrude

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Researchers at the University of have developed an unusually rapid method to deliver cost-effective algal biocrude in large quantities using a specially-designed jet mixer. —University of Utah chemical engineering assistant professor Swomitra “Bobby” Mohanty, co-author.

2019 119

University Of Georgia purchases 20 Proterra 40' Catalyst E2 buses with DuoPower drivetrain

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The University of Georgia has placed an order for twenty Proterra 40? With the deployment of 20 Catalyst buses, the University of Georgia will have one of the largest fleets of electric buses in the US, and will displace more than 2,500,000 gallons of diesel over the vehicles’ 12-year lifespan and eliminate more than 4,500,000 pounds of carbon emissions annually. Catalyst E2 buses with DuoPower drivetrain technology and fourteen 125 kW Proterra PCS chargers.

2019 82

Rice University scientists use red phosphorus to detect lithium dendrites in Li metal batteries

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Rice University scientists have developed a detection system capable of alerting for Li dendrite formation in a two?electrode Credit: Tour Group/Rice University). Credit: Tour Group/Rice University).

2019 106

EPA awards $6.6M to universities for black carbon research

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million in grants to eight universities in support of black carbon research. Black carbon is the sooty black material emitted from diesel-powered engines and vehicles, industries like brick kilns and coke ovens, traditional cookstoves, and other sources that burn fossil fuels or biomass. Black carbon can affect the climate in the near term, and like other types of fine particles, can cause serious health effects such as cardiovascular and respiratory ailments.

2011 80

University at Buffalo-led team reports viable Mn-based catalyst for PEM fuel cells

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A University at Buffalo-led research team has developed an efficient platinum group metal (PGM)-free catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in PEM fuel cells that consists of atomically dispersed nitrogen-coordinated single Mn sites on partially graphitic carbon (Mn-N-C).

2018 106

Kanazawa University-led researchers recycle rare-earth elements from spent fluorescent lamps by chemical/mechanical treatment

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A team led by Kanazawa University in Japan has developed a cleaner method for the recycling of several rare earths (REs) such as yttrium (Y) and europium (Eu) used as phosphors in fluorescent lamps (FLs). Credit: Kanazawa University.

2018 112

Columbia University engineers make breakthrough in understanding electroreduction of CO2 for conversion to electrofuels

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Researchers at Columbia University have solved the first piece of the puzzle; they have proved that CO 2 electroreduction begins with one common intermediate, not two as was commonly thought. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Climate Change Emissions Solar fuelsElectrocatalysis and photocatalysis (artificial photosynthesis) are among the most promising ways to achieve effective storage for renewable energy.

2018 71

GWU team demonstrates highly scalable, low-cost process for making carbon nanotube wools directly from CO2

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Researchers at George Washington University led by Dr. Stuart Licht have demonstrated the first facile high-yield, low-energy synthesis of macroscopic length carbon nanotubes (CNTs)—carbon nanotube wool—from CO 2 using molten carbonate electrolysis ( earlier post ).

2017 128

GWU research team C2CNT advances to the final round of the Carbon XPRIZE; CO2 to carbon nanotubes

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Stuart Licht, a chemistry professor at the George Washington University, and his team of researchers are among the finalists announced today in the $20-million Carbon XPRIZE competition. The carbon dioxide is bubbled into, and dissolved in, a molten carbonate bath.

2018 78

Study finds carbon capture & storage could be financial opportunity for conventional ethanol plants

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The analysis combines process engineering, spatial optimization, and lifecycle assessment to consider the technical, economic, and institutional feasibility of near-term carbon capture and sequestration (CCS). Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Ethanol

2018 101

Bath University and SAIC Motor team up to investigate gasoline particulate filter performance

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The University of Bath and SAIC Motor UK Technical Centre are collaborating on a project to identify the most efficient conditions for the optimum performance of gasoline particulate filters (GPFs), to help minimize vehicle impact on the environment. The ‘GPF Burn rate and Low Temperature Reactivity’ project will last 14 months and utilize the University’s state of the art Chassis Dynamometer in its Centre for Low Emission Vehicle Research (CLEVeR).

2018 81

Mattershift scales up CNT membranes; potential for zero-carbon fuels for less than fossil

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Startup Mattershift says it has achieved a breakthrough in making carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes at large scale. The difficulty and high cost of making CNT membranes has confined them to university laboratories and has been frequently cited as the limiting factor in their widespread use.

2018 95

Polymer microcapsules with liquid carbonate cores and silicone shells offer a new approach to carbon capture

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The approach, described in a paper in the journal Nature Communications , could be an important advance in carbon capture and sequestration (CCS). They have significant performance advantages over the carbon-absorbing materials used in current CCS technology.

2015 96

Study links carbon fiber microstructure to Li insertion mechanism in structural batteries

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Carbon fibers have already beeen demonstrated as high-capacity Li-ion battery anodes, opening the way for their use as structural electrodes—i.e., The researchers studied the microstructure of different types of commercially available carbon fibers.

Drax, C-Capture to pilot Europe’s first bioenergy carbon capture storage project

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UK-based renewable power generator Drax will pilot the first bioenergy carbon capture storage (BECCS) project of its kind in Europe, which, if successful, could make the renewable electricity produced at its North Yorkshire power station carbon negative.

2018 78

Study links breathing in black carbon from polluted air to alterations in lung blood vessels

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The researchers say the differences observed in people exposed to higher levels of black carbon were comparable in magnitude to those associated with smoking a pack of cigarettes a day for 15 years. Lead researcher Dr Carrie Pistenmaa Aaron performed this work as an Assistant Professor at Columbia University. The researchers estimated that on average, study participants were exposed to annual levels of black carbon of 0.8

2019 73

Global Carbon Project: Low growth in global carbon emissions continues for third successive year

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Global carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels did not grow in 2015 and are projected to rise only slightly in 2016, marking three years of almost no growth, according to researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Global Carbon Project.

2016 117

Fudan University team develops superfast charging Li-ion battery cathode

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Researchers at Fudan University with colleagues at the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight have developed a LiMn 2 O4 material for a Li-ion battery cathode that exhibits superfast charging capabilities.

Li-ion 133

Proper carbon accounting for biofuels

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In a post—“ When do biofuels really balance carbon? —on his blog Cars and Climate , Dr. John DeCicco at the University of Michigan Energy Institute emphasizes again the importance of a rigorous examination of the common “biofuels recycle carbon” argument.

2015 93

Delft University wins Formula Student low carbon challenge

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Students from Delft University of Technology won the all-important Class 1A in the recent Formula Student challenge at Silverstone over the weekend (14-17 July). The class is the special low carbon vehicles category which takes into account energy usage as well as track performance. Green credentials combustion Delft University electric formula student Silverstone Stuttgart

Peking University team develops method for modeling historical global black carbon emissions from motor vehicles with reduced uncertainty

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Researchers at Peking University have developed a new methodology to model black carbon (BC) emissions from diesel and gasoline motor vehicles. Black carbon is a key short-lived climate change forcer ( earlier post ) and motor vehicles are important sources of BC in the environment. 2004) A technology-based global inventory of black and organic carbon emissions from combustion. Black carbon Emissions

2012 76

Universities to take lead on carbon cuts

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English universities face cuts or caps to their funding from 2011 if they fail to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions under Government proposals, and they may also be expected to take the lead amongst UK institutions on emissions cuts into the longer-term future. The targets are being proposed at a time when universities are having to expand to meet growing demand for places, and when their carbon emissions have increased compared with 1990 levels by over 30 per cent.

UCSD study: under current policies, home energy storage would often increase carbon emissions

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Under current policies, home energy storage systems would also often increase carbon emissions, according to a study by a team of researchers at the University of California San Diego published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology.

2018 119

British Airways challenges UK universities to develop a new generation of sustainable aviation fuel; part of $400M investment from parent

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As British Airways looks towards its Centenary next year, the airline, in collaboration with Cranfield University, has challenged academics from across the UK to develop a sustainable alternative fuel which could power a commercial aircraft on a long-haul flight, carrying up to 300 customers with zero net emissions.

2018 78

Queen’s University Belfast researchers synthesize “porous liquid”; applications in more efficient chemical processes

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Scientists at Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, have synthesized a porous liquid with the potential for application in a wide range of new, more efficient and greener chemical processes including carbon capture. For example, liquid solvents, rather than porous solids, are the most mature technology for post-combustion capture of carbon dioxide because liquid circulation systems are more easily retrofitted to existing plants.

2015 73

ExxonMobil seeking to boost growth, continue work on lower-emissions technologies including biofuels and carbon capture

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Woods said the company continues its work on potential technology breakthroughs including next-generation biofuels for transportation, carbon capture for power generation and new industrial processes to reduce energy use to provide reliable, affordable and lower-emission energy at the necessary scale to have a global impact.

2019 70

Volkswagen and Stanford University develop modified ALD process to increase Pt/C fuel cell catalyst efficiency, improve durability

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Volkswagen and Stanford University have developed in partnership a new catalyst production process to reduce the comparatively high cost of automotive fuel cell technology. The material is conventionally distributed as particles on carbon powder. In the new process developed by Volkswagen and Stanford, platinum atoms are specifically placed on a carbon surface using a modified atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique in order to produce extremely thin particles.

2018 74

Your Greenius Earth Day Reality Check: Waiting For The Magic Bullet

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You can even watch NBC-Universal TV and see how they turned their logo green and laugh at their funny PSAs about cutting your energy use or carbon footprint.

2012 190

Nankai University team in pursuit of a Li-CO2 battery

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Researchers at Nankai University in China report their latest advance in developing a rechargeable Li-CO 2 battery with the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with high electrical conductivity and porous three-dimensional networks as air cathodes for the rechargeable metal-CO 2 batteries. Rechargeable Li-CO 2 batteries are intriguing because of their combination of carbon capture and energy technology. PVDF spread it on carbon paper. High surface area carbon.

2015 79

Rice team awarded $3.3M ARPA-E OPEN+ grant to convert methane into carbon nanotubes and hydrogen

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Rice University researchers have won a $3.3-million Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) OPEEN+ grant to develop a method to convert natural gas into carbon nanotubes for materials that can replace metals in large-scale applications. The goal is to save energy and stem carbon dioxide emissions from metal manufacturing while concurrently generating clean hydrogen and fixing fossil-sourced carbon in solid materials.

2019 81

University of Washington and Lamborghini Partner on Carbon Composites

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A partnership between the University of Washington and the Italian sports-car company Automobili Lamborghini has been formalized , and the presidents of both organizations attended the naming ceremony of the UW’s Automobili Lamborghini Advanced Composite Structures Laboratory. The UW is the first university in the country to collaborate with Lamborghini. Lamborghini uses carbon fiber, a strong, lightweight composite material, in its new cars.

Europe/US team: transitioning to a low-carbon world will create new rivalries, winners and losers

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In an opinion piece in the journal Nature , a team from the US and Europe suggests that the transition to a low-carbon world will create new rivalries, winners and losers, and that it is therefore necessary to put geopolitics at the heart of debates about the energy transition. abating carbon will create losers. Financial markets divest fossil-fuel assets and reallocate capital to low-carbon firms.

2019 73

Headwaters and University of Utah Form JV for Carbon Storage

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Headwaters Incorporated has formed a joint venture with the University of Utah—Headwaters Clean Carbon Services LLC (HCCS)—which will provide a full range of services for CO 2 geologic storage and CO 2 used for enhanced oil recovery and enhanced coalbed methane recovery. The University of Utah has CO 2 expertise and technology developed by a team led by Dr. Brian McPherson.

Utah 60

ARPA-E awarding ~$14.4M to four projects for production of hydrogen and carbon products from methane

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These project teams will pursue methods to create high-value carbon and hydrogen from methane (four projects, $14.4 The methane cohort teams will focus on industrially scalable ways to produce high quality carbon and hydrogen. The methane cohort awards: Rice University. Rice University will develop recyclable, lightweight materials that could be used to replace metals in automotive applications.

2018 77

Rice University lab develops dual-surface graphene electrode to split water into hydrogen and oxygen

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Researchers in the Rice University lab of chemist James Tour have produced dual-surface laser-induced graphene (LIG) electrodes on opposing faces of a plastic sheet that split water into hydrogen on one side and oxygen on the other side.

2017 78

Study finds behavior-influencing policies remain critical for mass market success of low-carbon vehicles

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Policies to entice consumers away from fossil-fuel powered vehicles and normalize low carbon, alternative-fuel alternatives, such as electric vehicles, are vital if the world is to significantly reduce transport sector carbon pure-emissions, according to a new study.

2018 106

Berkeley Lab and Peking University To Collaborate on Carbon Capture and Storage Research

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Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and China’s Peking University agreed on 12 November to jointly pursue the development of safe and effective carbon capture and storage techniques. The collaboration was cemented at the US-China Workshop on Carbon Capture & Storage, a two-day event sponsored by the Philomathia Foundation through a grant to UC Berkeley. The US and China together are responsible for 40% of the world’s emissions of carbon dioxide.

2009 68

PNNL and Queensland University of Technology formalize bioenergy research partnership

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The Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia, have collaborated on bioenergy and microbial biotechnology in the past. The partnership will focus on work that aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and provide low-carbon energy solutions in both countries.

2016 60

Organically synthesized porous carbon shows “exceptional” potential as Li-ion anode material

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A international team of researchers, led by Lancaster University in the UK and Jilin University in China, reports the first organically synthesized sp?sp sp 3 hybridized porous carbon, OSPC?1. Structures of carbon materials. D Organically Synthesized Porous Carbon.”

2018 85

Royal Academy of Engineering Report Says EV Success Depends on Low-Carbon Electricity, Universal Broadband Provision and Smart Grids

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The introduction of electric vehicles on a large scale in the UK can only have a beneficial effect on CO 2 emissions if low-carbon electricity, universal broadband provision and smart grids are in place to support the transition, according to a new report published by the UK Royal Academy of Engineering. Recent results from EV trials show a typical carbon dioxide emissions rating to be around 100g/km, when the car is charged from a typical power supply in the UK.

2010 90

Porous material polymerizes carbon dioxide at natural gas wellheads; less costly and energy-intensive approach

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Particles of nitrogen-containing porous carbon polymerize CO 2 from natural gas under pressure at a wellhead. When the pressure is released, the carbon dioxide spontaneously depolymerizes and frees the sorbent material to collect more. Illustration by Tanyia Johnson/Rice University.

2014 96