Researchers develop organic semiconductor photocatalyst with enhanced hydrogen evolution

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However, photocatalysts formed from a single organic semiconductor typically suffer from inefficient intrinsic charge generation, which leads to low photocatalytic activities. They incorporated these materials into organic nanoparticles that can be tuned to absorb more of the visible light spectrum. The team first used a method called miniemulsion, in which a solution of the organic semiconductors is emulsified in water with the aid of a stabilizing surfactant.

2020 79

New porous coordination polymer captures CO2, converts it to useful organic materials

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A new material that can selectively capture CO 2 molecules and efficiently convert them into useful organic materials has been developed by researchers at Kyoto University, along with colleagues at the University of Tokyo and Jiangsu Normal University in China. One possible way to counteract rising global CO 2 emissions is to capture and sequester carbon from the atmosphere, but current methods are highly energy intensive. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC

2019 88

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ExxonMobil, UC Berkeley, Berkeley Lab develop new MOF for carbon capture and steam regeneration

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Scientists from ExxonMobil, University of California, Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed a new material that could capture more than 90% of CO 2 emitted from industrial sources using low-temperature steam, requiring less energy for the overall carbon capture process.

2020 130

Multicomponent catalytic system efficiently converts carbon dioxide to methanol

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Inspired by naturally occurring processes, a team of Boston College chemists used a multi-catalyst system to convert carbon dioxide to methanol at the lowest temperatures reported with high activity and selectivity.

2020 120

Organically synthesized porous carbon shows “exceptional” potential as Li-ion anode material

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A international team of researchers, led by Lancaster University in the UK and Jilin University in China, reports the first organically synthesized sp?sp sp 3 hybridized porous carbon, OSPC?1. The new carbon shows electron conductivity, high porosity, the highest uptake of lithium ions of any carbon material to?date Structures of carbon materials. This involves removing silicon from carbon-silicon groups to produce carbon-to-carbon links.

2018 65

New concept with anthraquinone-based organic cathode advances aluminum battery technology

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The new battery uses an anode made of aluminum and a cathode made of an anthraquinone-based organic material. But in the new concept, presented by Patrik Johansson and Chalmers, together with a research group in Ljubljana led by Robert Dominko, the graphite has been replaced by an organic, nanostructured cathode, made of the carbon-based molecule anthraquinone. organic cathode battery,” Energy Storage Materials , doi: 10.1016/j.ensm.2019.07.033.

2019 102

Light-powered nano-bio hybrid organisms consume CO2, create plastics and fuels

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University of Colorado Boulder researchers have developed nanobio-hybrid organisms capable of using airborne carbon dioxide and nitrogen to produce a variety of plastics and fuels, a promising first step toward low-cost carbon sequestration and eco-friendly manufacturing for chemicals. When illuminated by light, these QDs drive the renewable production of different biofuels and chemicals using carbon-dioxide (CO 2 ), water, and nitrogen (from air) as substrates.

2019 109

Sulfur-rich organic cathode material for high-performance Li-S batteries

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Researchers at Beihang University in Beijing have developed a linear molecule sulfur-rich organic material as sulfur cathode for a lithium-sulfur battery. Furthermore, when the conductivity of the TMTD-S cathode material is enhanced with Ketjen Black agent and a carbon cloth current collector, the material delivers initial capacity as high as 1054?mAh

2019 78

DOE awarding $72M to 27 projects to develop and advance carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced the award of approximately $72 million in federal funding to support the development and advancement of carbon capture technologies under two funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). DOE is awarding a total of $21 million to 18 projects for technologies that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, a process known as “direct air capture” (DAC). It will also help develop carbon reduction technologies for use in the steel sector.

2020 83

Weizmann Institute team engineers E. coli to eat carbon dioxide

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Researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel have created a strain of the bacterium Escherichia coli that grows by consuming carbon dioxide instead of sugars or other organic molecules. The findings point to means of developing, in the future, carbon-neutral fuels. Then the bacterial body parts were weighed, and the weight they had gained checked against the mass that would be added from eating the heavier version of carbon.

2019 96

DOE announces $110M for carbon capture, utilization, and storage projects

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A recent study by Science of the Total Environment found that DOE is the most productive organization in the world in the carbon capture and storage field. Under the first FOA award, Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) Studies for Carbon Capture Systems on Coal and Natural Gas Power Plants, DOE has selected nine projects to receive $55.4 The selected projects will support FEED studies for commercial-scale carbon capture systems.

2019 79

New hierarchical metal-organic nanocomposite cathode for high-energy sodium-ion batteries

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Building on earlier work, researchers in China have fabricated a hierarchical metal-organic nanocomposite for use as a cathode in sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Their electrode—metal-organic cuprous tetracyanoquino-dimethane (CuTCNQ) in a three-dimensional (3D) conductive carbon nanofibers (CNFs) network (CuTCNQ)—exhibits a capacity of 252 mAh g -1 at 0.1

2017 71

Kia Soul EV achieves UL Environment Validation for bio-based organic carbon content for 10% of its interior plastic

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The new Kia Soul EV, which will have its world premiere at the 2014 Chicago Auto Show starting later this week, has achieved UL Environment validation for bio-based organic carbon content for 10% of its interior materials. UL Environment granted the validation to the Kia Soul EV for containing bio-based plastic of 23,942g and bio-based organic carbon content of 10%.

2014 73

DOE awarding ~$44M to seven carbon capture projects

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy has selected seven projects to receive approximately $44 million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development through the funding opportunity announcement, Design and Testing of Advanced Carbon Capture Technologies. The projects will target one of two areas: 1) engineering-scale testing of transformational solvent- or membrane-based carbon dioxide (CO?)

2018 85

FPT Industrial launches e-Powertrain organization; showcases e-powertrains at IAA CV, including H2 fuel cell concept

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At the IAA 2018 exhibition in Hannover, FPT Industrial launched its new e-Powertrain organization. From carbon fiber high-resistance tanks, the hydrogen flows into the fuel cells to generate electricity that powers a 400 kW electric engine. On display at the event are its electric powertrain solutions, including a new hydrogen fuel cell concept powertrain developed by FPT for IVECO.

2018 83

Chevrolet one of 16 organizations across US recognized by EPA for Climate Action; only automaker

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) awarded 2015 Climate Leadership Awards to 16 organizations and one individual representing a wide array of industries from finance and manufacturing to retail and technology for showing what the agency said was exemplary corporate, organizational, and individual leadership in response to climate change.

2015 88

USC team develops novel organic redox flow battery for large-scale energy storage

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Scientists at USC have developed a novel water-based Organic Redox Flow Battery (ORBAT) for lower cost, long lasting large-scale energy storage. ORBAT employs two different water-soluble organic redox couples on the positive and negative side of a flow battery. Aiming to overcome these disadvantages, we have demonstrated for the first time an aqueous redox flow battery that uses water-soluble organic redox couples at both electrodes that are metal-free. Schematic of ORBAT.

2014 97

Study reorders significance of fungal and bacterial decomposition of organic matter; impact on climate models

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In a 23-year experiment, a team from Lund University, Sweden, and the University of New Hampshire has determined that the common understanding of how organic material is decomposed by fungi and bacteria is fundamentally wrong. Decomposition of soil organic matter is then mainly carried out by fungi and bacteria, which convert dead plant materials into carbon dioxide and mineral nutrients.

2015 75

Shipping industry companies launch new zero-carbon shipping research center

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A group of leading shipping industry companies are taking the next step to develop new fuel types and technologies by launching the Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping. The center will be a non-profit organization, set up as a commercial foundation with a charitable purpose. The shipping sector accounts for around 3% of global carbon emissions.

2020 78

Study finds removing corn residue for biofuel production can decrease soil organic carbon and increase CO2 emissions; may miss mandated 60% GHG reduction

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Using corn crop residue to make ethanol and other biofuels reduces soil carbon and under some conditions can generate more greenhouse gases than gasoline, according to a major, multi-year study by a University of Nebraska-Lincoln team of researchers published in the journal Nature Climate Change. Using USDA soil maps and crop yields, they extrapolated potential carbon dioxide emissions across 580 million 30-meter by 30-meter geospatial cells in Corn Belt states.

2014 78

HyPER project using sorbent-enhanced steam reforming for low-carbon production of H2 from natural gas

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An international collaboration led by Cranfield University will examine the potential for the low-carbon production of hydrogen from natural gas. million funding from the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy’s (BEIS) Energy Innovation Program ( earlier post ), the project also involves US-based research and development organization GTI and Doosan Babcock, a specialist in delivery of low-carbon technologies.

2020 65

New silica-organic hybrid absorbents deliver among highest performance yet reported for CO2 capture from air

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A team from the Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute and Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, reports on an improved material for capturing carbon dioxide from the air—silica?organic organic hybrid adsorbents—in a paper published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. After capturing carbon dioxide, the materials give it up easily so that the CO 2 can be used in making other substances, or permanently isolated from the environment.

2012 73

Harvard team demonstrates new metal-free organic–inorganic aqueous flow battery; potential breakthrough for low-cost grid-scale storage

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Researchers at Harvard have demonstrated a metal-free organic–inorganic aqueous flow battery—a quinone–bromide flow battery (QBFB)—as an example of a class of energy storage materials that exploits the favorable chemical and electrochemical properties of a family of molecules known as quinones. Quinones are naturally abundant, inexpensive, small organic molecules, and similar to molecules that store energy in plants and animals. Cell schematic.

2014 119

Berkeley study identifies diesel as main source of vehicular secondary organic aerosols

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A study led by researchers at UC Berkeley has found that diesel exhaust forms about seven times more secondary organic aerosols (SOA) than gasoline exhaust for the same mass of unburned fuel emissions and, given emission factors, can be expected to form 15 times more SOA than gasoline per liter of fuel burned. Organic aerosol (OA) in the atmosphere is detrimental to human health and represents a highly uncertain forcing of climate change.

2012 94

First snapshots of CO2 molecules trapped in MOFs shed new light on carbon capture

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Scientists from the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have taken the first images of carbon dioxide molecules within a molecular cage—part of a metal-organic framework (MOF), with great potential for separating and storing gases and liquids. The image at right shows carbon dioxide molecules trapped in one of the cages—the first time this has ever been observed. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Emissions Science

2019 78

Organic cathode material for high-capacity Li-ion battery with fast charge and discharge

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Researchers from Kyoto University and Panasonic have developed a rechargeable Li-ion battery using a new organic cathode material that exhibits “ remarkable ” charge–discharge properties with a high specific capacity of 231 mAh/g, excellent rechargeability (83% of the capacity retained after 500 cycles), and charge–discharge ability (90% of the capacity at 30 C as compared to 1 C). Versatility of chemical structures is a benefit of functional materials based on organic molecules.

2012 96

McGill team develops simple system for reversible H2 storage using organic cyclic hydrocarbons; alternative route to solar fuels

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A team at McGill University in Canada has developed a reversible hydrogen storage/release system based on the metal-catalyzed hydrogenation and photo-induced dehydrogenation of organic cyclic hydrocarbons at room temperature. In this regard, a promising strategy is to add hydrogen to the unsaturated aromatic hydrocarbons that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms.

2015 99

BREAKING NEWS: Hermosa Beach To Become Carbon Neutral City! Acting Locally, Thinking Globally

Creative Greenius

As the Creative Greenius and organizer of the South Bay Los Angeles 350 Climate Action Group that’s just unacceptable to me. Last night at the Hermosa Beach, California City Council meeting, Mayor Michael DiVirgilo, confirmed that he and the City Council are committed to making their iconic beach town a Carbon Neutral City at the earliest possible date. The vision of a carbon neutral city that is both economically and environmentally sustainable began to take shape.

2010 182

Sulfur-carbon nanofiber composite for solid-state Li-sulfur batteries

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Researchers at Toyohashi University of Technology in Japan have developed an active sulfur material and carbon nanofiber (S-CNF) composite material for all-solid-state Li-sulfur batteries using a low-cost and straightforward liquid phase process. Schematic images and electron microscope photograph of sulfur-carbon composites (top). The other merit is that this sulfur-carbon composite can be produced by lower cost than conventional processes.

2020 69

ExxonMobil expands participation in MIT Energy Initiative’s low-carbon research; Mobility of Future study

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ExxonMobil said extended its support of the MIT Energy Initiative’s (MITEI) low-carbon energy research and education mission by renewing its status as a founding member for another five years. With its renewed membership, ExxonMobil will expand its participation in MITEI’s Low-Carbon Energy Centers. The company will: Extend its membership in MITEI’s Center for Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage. Join MITEI’s Mobility Systems Center, its newest Low-Carbon Energy Center.

2019 60

SCS Global Services, Electrify America and Verra announce first validation of carbon-offset project for EV chargers

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SCS Global Services (SCS), Electrify America and Verra announced the first validation of a carbon-offset project under a new methodology for electric vehicle (EV) charging systems.

2020 85

Liverpool team develops better material for PEM fuel cells; porous organic cage solids with 3D protonic conductivity

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In the search for more effective PEMs, reseachers have looked to porous solids such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) or covalent organic frameworks. However, there are few examples of proton conduction in porous organic molecular solids. … We demonstrate this concept for a range of crystalline porous organic cages. Two distinctive features of the proton conduction in organic cage crystals were highlighted as design principles for future PEM materials.

2016 69

New model framework for improving predictions of black carbon’s radiative effect on climate

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Black carbon particles absorb heat in the atmosphere. Atmospheric soot particles as seen under a transmission electron microscope are coated by organic and inorganic materials. In an open-access paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , the researchers provide a framework that reconciles model simulations with laboratory and empirical observations, and that can be used to improve estimates of black carbon’s impact on climate.

2020 75

Black & Veatch joins Center for Hydrogen Safety to help accelerate adoption of low-carbon energy source

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This will require strong collaboration between engineering leaders such as Black & Veatch, technology integrators, investors, activists and regulators, along with the support of high-impact safety organizations such as CHS. Black & Veatch has joined the Center for Hydrogen Safety (CHS), a global nonprofit that supports and promotes the safe handling and use of hydrogen across industrial and consumer applications.

2020 65

Study finds carbon capture & storage could be financial opportunity for conventional ethanol plants

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To better understand the near-term commercial potential for capturing and storing atmospheric carbon dioxide, researchers from the Carnegie Institution for Science, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Stanford University have mapped out how CO 2 might be captured from existing US ethanol biorefineries and permanently stored (or sequestered) underground. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Ethanol

2018 78

Tohoku team develops rechargeable quasi-solid state lithium battery with organic crystalline cathode

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The cross-section of an organic crystalline all-solid battery. The cathode contains a room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) and organic crystals in a sealed environment. A pair of researchers at Tohoku University in Japan have developed a novel rechargeable solid-state lithium battery with an organic crystalline cathode. The battery features a novel cell design which prevents dissolution of the organic cathode compounds.

2012 80

Woodside joins Japanese consortium to study exporting carbon-neutral hydrogen as ammonia

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The consortium has received approval from Japan’s New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) for a feasibility study covering the entire hydrogen-as-ammonia value chain. Blue hydrogen is produced from gas using steam methane reforming, with related carbon emissions offset. Ammonia does not produce any on site carbon emission when consumed in a power plant.

2020 85

Calysta Energy engineering organisms to convert methane to low-cost liquid hydrocarbons; BioGTL process

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Start-up Calysta Energy plans to use methane as a feedstock for engineered organisms to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels and high value chemicals that are cost-effective, scalable and reduce environmental impact. Carbon feedstock. Calysta leverages extensive expertise in protein engineering, gene synthesis and gene expression optimization to create advanced molecular biology tools able to engineer novel production organisms which enable process technology.

Study finds lubricating oil the dominant source of primary organic aerosol from both diesel and gasoline vehicles

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Findings from a study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley and Berkeley National Laboratory suggest that lubricating oil is the dominant source of primary organic aerosol (POA) from both gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles. Motor vehicles are major sources of organic carbon emissions, with implications for human health and air quality, especially in urban areas.

2014 75

Berkeley Lab developing novel metal-organic framework materials for high-capacity hydrogen storage

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Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) is working to synthesize novel metal-organic framework materials with high hydrogen adsorption capacities sufficient to provide safe and cost-effective storage that could support a 300-mile (483-km) range on vehicles. Separately, Long is also using MOFs in a carbon capture project, in which the material would selectively absorb carbon dioxide over nitrogen.

2012 83

MITEI Mobility Systems Center awards four projects for low-carbon transportation research

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The Mobility Systems Center (MSC), one of the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI)’s Low-Carbon Energy Centers, will fund four new research projects that will allow for deeper insights into achieving a decarbonized transportation sector,including Covid-19 and urban mobility; strategies for electric vehicle charging networks; and infrastructure and economics for hydrogen-fueled transportation. To translate these behavioral changes into energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions estimates.

2020 69

UC Irvine study finds organic constituents of UFP play important role in heart disease; suggestions for more effective emission control

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Results of a study funded and released by the California Air Resources Board (ARB) suggest that the organic constituents of ultrafine PM (UFP, particles ? technology for the removal of the organic constituents as well as the reduction of the number of particles. PM comprises solid, liquid, and semi-volatile organic components. Particle scale.

2013 80

NREL modifies organism to produce ethylene via photosynthesis: alternative to fossil-fuel based ethylene for chemicals and transportation fuels

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PCC 6803—and demonstrated that the organism remained stable through at least four generations, producing ethylene gas that could be easily captured. Ethylene—a valuable commodity two-carbon chemical that can be oligomerized into transportation fuels—is the most widely produced petrochemical feedstock globally. The organism produced ethylene at a high rate and is still being improved. The process does not release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

2012 85