ICCT life-cycle analysis finds no climate benefit in using LNG as marine fuel

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However, the use of scrubbers has recently come under intense scrutiny and is undergoing regulatory review due to concerns about both the reliability of these systems to deliver consistent air pollution compliance and because of the water pollution produced by open-loop operations.

2020 345

Transport Canada contracts CNL to research clean energy technologies to decarbonize marine sector

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Transport Canada has awarded a contract to Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL), Canada’s premier nuclear science and technology organization, to develop an assessment tool to examine clean technologies that could reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the release of other pollutants from marine vessels. CNL scientists will also examine different technologies that can be used for the production, storage and handling of hydrogen for marine vessels.

2020 161

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Honda establishes Marine Science Foundation

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Inspired by the Japanese concept of sato-umi —the convergence of land and sea where human and marine life can harmoniously coexist—Honda has established the Honda Marine Science Foundation , a new initiative to address marine ecosystem restoration and the impact of humans and climate change on oceans and intertidal areas. Honda also set out to address human impacts on marine environments, including water pollution and overfishing.

Toshiba’s SCiB Li-ion battery system Japan’s first recognized compliant with ClassNK guidline for marine vessels

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At a time when pollution regulations are increasingly focused on the emissions ships generate, the SCiB will contribute to the protection of the marine and global environments. Batteries Ports and Marine

2020 273

Fujitsu verifies AI technology for predicting vessel collision risks in marine traffic control

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The trial in Japan marine traffic control was conducted from December 2019 to March 2020 at the Tokyo Wan Vessel Traffic Service Center, which offers navigation support services, under an outsourcing contract with the Japan Coast Guard. AI Ports and Marine Safety

2020 209

US MARAD study finds marine use of natural gas substantially reduces some air pollutants and slightly reduces GHG emissions

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A recently released total fuel cycle analysis for maritime case studies shows that natural gas fuels reduce some air quality pollutants substantially, and reduce major greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions slightly, when compared to conventional petroleum-based marine fuels (low-sulfur and high-sulfur). Continued improvements to minimize downstream emissions of methane during vessel-engine operations will also contribute to lower GHG emissions from marine applications of natural gas fuels.

2014 241

EU research project IDEALFUEL seeks to develop marine low-sulfur heavy fuel oils from biomass; Bio-HFO

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In an EU-funded research project, an international consortium is aiming to develop new production methods for sustainable marine fuels to replace heavy fuel oils in shipping. The use of heavy fuel oils (HFOs) contributes to global warming due to the fossil origin of these fuels and, moreover, generating non-negligible emissions of pollutants such as sulfur oxides. Biomass Europe Fuels Ports and Marine

2020 195

Ballard Power Systems establishing a Marine Center of Excellence in Europe for fuel cell applications

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—is establishing a Marine Center of Excellence (Marine CoE) dedicated to fuel cell marine applications at the company’s engineering, manufacturing and service facility in Hobro, Denmark. The Marine CoE will design and manufacture heavy duty fuel cell modules to address zero-emission powertrain requirements for the marine industry. Reduction of pollutants and carbon emissions is a high priority for the marine industry and port cities.

2019 175

Rolls-Royce introducing completely integrated MTU marine hybrid propulsion systems as of 2020

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The combination of diesel engines and electric motors, in addition to batteries, will offer our customers significant benefits in a variety of marine applications. —Knut Müller, Head of the Marine and Government Business at MTU. —Knut Müller, Head of the Marine and Government Business at MTU. Engines Hybrids Ports and MarineAs of 2020, Rolls-Royce will launch a range of completely integrated MTU hybrid ship propulsion systems onto the market.

2018 200

PowerCell, Siemens to partner on development of marine fuel cell systems; integration into BlueDrive

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The next stage is to extend the energy supply concept to include fuel cells—which are characterized by high efficiency and pollution-free operation. In June, a power generating system based on PowerCell’s fuel cell stacks and developed by PowerCell’s Norwegian joint venture Hyon, received the first approval in principle for a fuel cell-based power generating system for marine vessels. Fuel Cells Hydrogen Ports and Marine

2018 174

UBC researchers find life-cycle GHG benefits of LNG in marine shipping only from high-pressure dual-fuel engines in ocean-going vessels

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A life-cycle assessment of emissions from domestic and imported liquefied natural gas (LNG), and heavy-fuel oil (HFO) for marine shipping by a team from the University of British Columbia has found that only high-pressure dual-fuel (HPDF) engines robustly reduce well-to-wake GHG emissions by 10% compared with their HFO-fueled counterparts. Low speed 2-stroke high pressure dual-fuel (LS-HPDF) engines—unlike the other major three marine engine types—operate on the diesel cycle.

2019 204

Federal-Mogul marine piston ring technology reduces oil consumption and pollution from two-stroke diesels

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Federal-Mogul Powertrain, a division of Federal-Mogul Holdings Corporation, has developed a new piston ring for two-stroke diesel engines that reduces oil consumption and marine pollution by allowing the quantity of lubricant used to be greatly reduced. In over 8000 hours of testing, we have seen improved wear resistance while reducing oil consumption by up to 20 percent, helping to reduce operating costs while improving the marine environment.

2015 150

MIT study: half of US deaths related to air pollution are linked to out-of-state emissions

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The study focuses on the period between 2005 and 2018 and tracks combustion emissions of various polluting compounds from various sectors, looking at every state in the contiguous United States, from season to season and year to year.

2020 265

IHS Markit: 2020 low-sulfur requirements for marine bunker fuels causing scramble for refiners and shippers

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On 27 October 2016, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) announced that beginning on 1 January 2020, the maximum sulfur content allowed in marine bunker fuel will be reduced from 3.50% mass by mass (m/m) to 0.50% m/m (35,000 ppm to 5,000 ppm)—five years earlier than many expected. Heavy fuel oil (HFO) is the predominant marine fuel. Diesel Fuels Oil Ports and Marine Regulations

2017 150

Crowley to build and operate the first all-electric US tugboat to serve Port of San Diego; eWolf

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The eTug will operate at the Port of San Diego’s Tenth Avenue Marine Terminal and will be operational by mid-2023. The eTug’s battery system will be charged at a specially designed, shoreside station developed with Cochran Marine. Electric (Battery) Ports and Marine

Port of Los Angeles surpasses 2023 pollution reduction targets five years ahead of schedule; NOx down 60% from 2005

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Using this type of measurement, the Port also posted its best year ever, lowering the average amount of emissions the port generates to move each container of cargo for all eight pollutants tracked by the Port’s emissions inventory, including greenhouse gases (GHG), which were down 30% per container on average since 2005. Emissions Policy Ports and MarineEmissions of NO x , a key component of smog, at the Port of Los Angeles are down 60% compared to 2005 emissions levels.

EPA releases national assessment of strategies to reduce air pollution at ports

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A new report from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finds that air pollution at US ports can be reduced significantly at all port types and sizes through a variety of strategies and cleaner technologies. This growth means more diesel engines at ports emitting CO 2 , fine particulate matter, NO x , and other pollutants that contribute to serious health problems including heart and lung disease, respiratory illness, and premature mortality.

2016 185

ICCT finds growth in shipping in Arctic could increase pollutant emissions 150-600% by 2025 with current fuels

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At the current allowable levels of sulfur in marine bunker fuels, pollutant emissions (particulates, black carbon, NO x , SO x , and CO 2 ) from projected increased ship traffic transiting the US High Arctic could increase from 150% to 600% (depending upon the pollutant) above 2011 levels by 2025, according to a new working paper just published by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT). Arctic Emissions Fuels Policy Ports and Marine

2015 229

Study: marine cyanobacteria produce 100s of millions of tonnes of hydrocarbons annually

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An international team of researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, has estimated that photosynthetic marine cyanobacteria annually produce hundreds of millions of tonnes of hydrocarbons in the oceans. Hydrocarbons are ubiquitous in the oceans, even in areas with minimal crude oil pollution, but what hadn’t been recognized until now is the likely quantity produced continually by living oceanic organisms.

2015 192

US Maritime Administration to fund projects on reducing emissions from marine vessels, study on LNG bunkering

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The US Maritime Administration ( MARAD ) Office of the Environment has issued two funding opportunities; the first ( DTMA-91-R-2013-0020 ) will award up to an estimated $900,000 for up to 2 projects that demonstrate criteria pollutant emissions of carbon emissions reductions from marine vessels through repowering, re-engining, or using alternative fuel/energy. Of particular interest to MARAD is the use of natural gas (LNG or CNG) as a marine propulsion fuel.

2013 161

USC study shows promising potential for giant-kelp-based biofuel with depth-cycling approach

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The National Research Council has indicated that generating biofuels from feedstocks such as corn and soybeans can increase water pollution. Farmers use pesticides and fertilizers on the crops that can end up polluting streams, rivers and lakes. Algae Algal Fuels Fuels Ports and Marin

Utah 328

Cummins MerCrusier and Volkswagen Partner on Tier 3 Marine Diesels

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Cummins MerCruiser Diesel (CMD), a supplier of marine propulsion solutions, and Volkswagen have formed a partnership to develop and supply marine engines. Commitments include the joint development of marine engines that will comply with the future Tier 3 emissions standard. Tier 3 prescribes significantly lower thresholds for NO x emissions and other pollutants and requires the further development of diesel combustion technology. and Mercury Marine.

2010 170

ABB, Hydrogène de France jointly to manufacture megawatt-scale fuel cell systems capable of powering ocean-going vessels

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The MOU between ABB and hydrogen technologies specialist Hydrogène de France (HDF) envisages close collaboration on the assembly and production of the fuel cell power plant for marine applications. —Juha Koskela, Managing Director, ABB Marine & Ports.

2020 326

EPA Finalizes Rules for Category 3 Marine Engines

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has finalized its new rule for Category 3 marine engines—engines with per-cylinder displacement at or above 30 liters. The regulation harmonizes with international standards (the amendments to Annex VI to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, MARPOL) and will lead to significant air quality improvements throughout the country. Tags: Emissions Policy Ports and Marine

International study finds air pollution leads to millions of hospital visits for asthma attacks worldwide

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They used epidemiological health impact functions combined with data describing population, baseline asthma incidence and prevalence, and pollutant concentrations. This is the first global study of the potential impacts of air pollution on serious asthma attacks that cause people to visit emergency rooms in hospitals around the world. The research team said that one way to reduce pollutants quickly would be to target emissions from cars, especially in big cities.

2018 184

PA Governor Wolf announces $8.5M from Volkswagen Settlement to reduce transportation pollution

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Funded by Pennsylvania’s share of the settlement with Volkswagen Group of America, the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)is committing funding for a range of clean energy transportation projects on our roads, at schools, and at marine ports and airports. A new grant program for marine and rail freight movers is anticipated to open this fall.

2019 179

California Air Resources Board To Award Up to $1M for Hybridization of Existing Marine Vessel

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The California Air Resources Board (ARB) is soliciting a project for the hybridization of an existing marine vessel for an award of up to $1,000,000. This solicitation is issued under the Assembly Bill 118 (AB 118) Air Quality Improvement Program’s (AQIP), Advanced Technology Demonstration Project and is intended to fund technologies on the cusp of commercialization with the potential for significant reductions in criteria and toxic air pollutants.

Toyota moves closer to production with next-generation fuel cell technology for heavy-duty trucks; new Mirai system

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Reducing airborne pollution at the Ports of L.A. Fleets Fuel Cells Heavy-duty Hydrogen Ports and MarineToyota’s next generation fuel cell electric technology is now powering a new set of Class 8 heavy-duty trucks.

2020 419

Maersk Line, Ports of LA & Long Beach in 3-year project to measure air pollution benefits from $125M eco-upgrade; real-time tracking 24x7

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This advances our ability to reduce greenhouse gases and other pollutants on a global scale. Ships generate the lion’s share of air pollution associated with port activity. The Retrofits and TAP demonstration project with the San Pedro Bay ports will help Maersk Line reach its goal of a 60% reduction of CO 2 and other pollutants by 2020. Emissions Engines Ports and Marine

2016 179

MARAD to award up to $1.5M for projects for emission reductions from marine vessels

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million in funding for projects that demonstrate criteria pollutant emissions or carbon emissions reductions from marine vessels through repowering, re-engining or installation of other pollution reduction technologies, or the use of alternative fuel/energy. The US Maritime Administration’ Office of Environment is soliciting ( DTMA-91-R-2012-0019 ) proposals for up to $1.5

2012 196

Kawasaki Heavy taps Corvus Energy for batteries for first all-electric tanker

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In addition, reduced noise and vibration will create a more comfortable work environment for the crew members and limit noise pollution in the bay and its surroundings. Batteries Electric (Battery) Ports and Marine

SoCalGas & California Energy Commission funding project to test hydrogen fuel cell technology for harbor craft; led by ZEI

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The California Energy Commission is awarding $2 million (GFO-20-604, Hydrogen Fuel Cell Demonstrations in Rail and Marine Applications at Ports (H2RAM)) and Southern California Gas Co. The Small Fast Harbor Craft Project, led by Zero Emission Industries’ ( ZEI ) (formerly Golden Gate Zero Emission Marine) will test a commercial marine vessel modified to incorporate a hydrogen fuel cell powertrain. Fuel Cells Hydrogen Ports and Marine

European Council and Parliament agree to limit sulfur content of marine fuels to 0.5% for all ships by 2020

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European governments have agreed on legislation to limit the maximum sulfur content of marine fuels to 0.5% (5,000 ppm) for all ships from 2020, down from currently 3.5% The European Committee of Permanent Representatives endorsed the compromise agreed between the Council and the European Parliament regarding the directive amending directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulfur content of marine fuels. in this context the potential for reducing air pollution by ships.

2012 185

New system for space-based, aerial and terrestrial monitoring of marine emissions

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SAMBA will achieve its objective by combining AIS/GPS-based maritime emissions with remote sensing-based atmospheric pollution monitoring into maritime emission compliance monitoring and information provision service. Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), together with the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), are developing a new solution (SAMBA) to support a level playing field for the maritime transportation.

2012 196

World’s largest electric ferry completes maiden voyage; 4.3MWh Leclanché battery system

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We are very proud to provide specifically designed unique lithium-ion battery system to this ferry, the precursor to a new era in the commercial marine sector. With its 4.3MWh capacity, the E-ferry represents a new milestone in commercial marine propulsion. This project demonstrates that today we can replace fossil fuel thermal drives with clean energy, and thus contribute to the fight against global warming and pollution for the well-being of our communities.

2019 288

Study finds hybrid tugboat delivers significant reduction in criteria pollutant emissions compared to conventional version

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The twin Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach are the largest contributors to air pollution in the South Coast Basin. Diesel pollution in particular can have devastating health impacts, including cancer and a host of respiratory and cardiovascular ailments. Tags: Emissions Hybrids Ports and Marine Overall in-use emissions based on individual tug. operating mode weighing factors. Click to enlarge.

2010 210

T&E study finds cruise ships emitting 10x more SOx in Europe port cities than all Europe’s 260M cars

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Spain, Italy, Greece, France and Norway are the most exposed countries to cruise ship air pollution in Europe. Among the major cruise ports, Barcelona, Palma Mallorca and Venice are the most polluted. Even in sulfur emission control areas (SECAs), where the most stringent marine sulfur fuel standard is mandated, air pollution from cruise ships remains of great concern. Emissions Policy Ports and Marine

2019 281

Port of Los Angeles rolls out $82.5M hydrogen fuel cell electric freight demonstration; Toyota fuel cell technology

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Many communities that are home to ports and related trucking and warehouse operations are low-income areas disproportionately impacted by air pollution from vessels, rail, trucking and off-road cargo handling equipment. Fuel Cells Heavy-duty Hydrogen Ports and Marine

US EPA Proposes New Emissions Rules for Category 3 Marine Diesel Engines, Tighter Fuel Sulfur Restrictions; Harmonization with International Standards

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As the next steps in a strategy to cut harmful emissions from ocean-going vessels, the US Environmental Protection Agency is proposing new engine emissions and fuel standards for large marine diesel engines on US-flagged ships that would harmonize with international standards. EPA is proposing to revise the CAA engine program to include two additional tiers of NO x standards for new Category 3 marine diesel engines installed on vessels flagged or registered in the United States.

2009 163

Researchers find abundance of oil-eating bacteria in northeast Atlantic

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It’s still unknown if the abundance of the oil-degrading bacteria is evidence of chronic spillage, but indicates they are primed and ready to deal with blowouts or pollution from the industrial activity nearby, says Dr Tony Gutierrez from Heriot-Watt University. Creating microbial observatories in other ocean regions at potential risk of pollution and climate change effects, such as the Arctic, is one of our goals, said Gutierrez. Market Background Oil Ports and Marine

Oil 196

Government of Canada introduces legislation to strengthen rail safety and accountability; “polluter pays”

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The Government said that the new liability and compensation regime will be consistent with those it has introduced for other modes of transport, such as marine tankers and oil pipelines. It is based on the “polluter pays” principle and makes railways and shippers responsible for the cost of accidents, protecting taxpayers and communities by ensuring that adequate resources are available for compensation if an accident were to occur.

2015 199

Requiring Lower Sulfur Marine Fuels Could Reduce Emissions-Related Deaths by Up to 50% Annually By 2012

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Requiring ships to use marine fuel with 0.1% In a 2007 study, Winebrake and James Corbett from the University of Delaware (who is a co-author of the current study) concluded that pollution from marine shipping causes approximately 60,000 premature cardiopulmonary and lung cancer deaths around the world each year. Particulate matter from ship emissions is related to the sulfur content of marine fuel. Tags: Emissions Fuels Ports and Marine

2009 150

EPA, US Coast Guard to enforce air pollution requirements for vessels operating in US waters

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Coast Guard (USCG) will jointly enforce US and international air pollution requirements for vessels operating in US waters. The large marine diesel engines that provide propulsion and auxiliary power on many ocean-going vessels emit significant amounts of pollution. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is a United Nations agency which deals with maritime safety, security and the prevention of marine pollution from ships across the globe.

2011 199