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Researchers in Australia develop low-cost water-splitting catalyst that offers comparable performance to platinum

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A team of researchers in Australia has developed a Janus nanoparticle catalyst with a nickel–iron oxide interface and multi-site functionality for a highly efficient hydrogen evolution reaction with a comparable performance to the benchmark platinum on carbon catalyst.

2019 91

WSU team develops highly-efficient, low-cost nickel-iron nanofoam for OER for water splitting

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Researchers at Washington State University, with colleagues at Argonne National Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, have combined inexpensive nickel and iron in a very simple, five-minute process to create large amounts of a high-quality catalyst required for water splitting.

2018 91

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LeMond Composites licenses ORNL low-cost carbon fiber manufacturing process; transportation, renewable energy, & infrastructure

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LeMond Composites, founded by three-time Tour de France champion Greg LeMond, has licensed a low-cost, high-volume carbon fiber manufacturing process developed at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).

Columbia team develops simple, low-cost, scaleable membraneless electrolyzer fabricated with 3D printing for H2 production

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Researchers at Columbia University are investigating the use of membraneless electrochemical flow cells for hydrogen production from water electrolysis that are based on angled mesh flow-through electrodes. Inset shows an SEM image of platinized titanium mesh electrode.

2016 95

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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A team led by Dr. Michael Grätzel at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) in Switzerland has developed a highly efficient and low-cost water-splitting cell combining an advanced perovskite tandem solar cell and a bi-functional Earth-abundant catalyst.

2014 119

HyperSolar reaches 1.25 V for water-splitting with its self-contained low-cost photoelectrochemical nanosystem

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volts (V) of water-splitting voltage with its novel low-cost electrolysis technology. V or more is generally needed because of the low reaction kinetics. This lowers the system cost of what is essentially an electrolysis process. HyperSolar, Inc.

2014 108

Harvard team demonstrates new metal-free organic–inorganic aqueous flow battery; potential breakthrough for low-cost grid-scale storage

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AQDSH 2 refers to the reduced form of AQDS. In a paper in Nature , they suggest that the use of such redox-active organic molecules instead of redox-active metals represents a new and promising direction for realizing massive electrical energy storage at greatly reduced cost.

2014 155

Hydrexia and HyGear partner on low-cost hydrogen distribution in Europe; solid state storage and delivery

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Australia-based hydrogen solid state storage and distribution company Hydrexia has entered an agreement with Netherlands-based HyGear, supplier of industrial gases and on-site generation systems, to supply hydrogen in Europe. The agreement between the two companies allows for development and supply of a complete hydrogen generation, storage and distribution system with a lower cost product for customers.

2015 73

Georgia Tech team develops simple, low-cost process for oxide nanowires; superior separators for Li-ion batteries

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Researchers at Georgia Tech have developed a simple technique for producing oxide nanowires directly from bulk materials under ambient conditions without the use of catalysts or any external stimuli. In a paper in the journal Science , the team reported the transformation of multimicrometer-sized particles of aluminum or magnesium alloys into alkoxide nanowires of tunable dimensions, which were converted into oxide nanowires upon heating in air.

2017 65

Novel bi-metallic palladium-tungsten nano-alloy an efficient low-cost fuel cell catalyst; simple microwave synthesis

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Swedish and Chinese researchers have fashioned a novel nano-alloy composed of palladium nano-islands embedded in tungsten nanoparticles supported on ordered mesoporous carbon as an efficient fuel cell catalyst. A schematic model of the unique morphology of the alloy.

2014 95

New catalysts convert ethanol to butanol with high selectivity; potential low-cost upgrade for ethanol plants

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Researchers at the University of Bristol (UK) have developed a new family of catalysts that enables the conversion of ethanol into n-butanol—a higher alcohol with better characteristics for transportation applications than ethanol—with selectivity of more than 95% at good conversion. The team presented a pair of papers on their work at the Spring meeting of the American Chemical Society this week in New Orleans.

2013 81

New Ricardo 48V electric motor aims to boost power and cut costs of hybrids; up to 50% increase in power density; ECOCHAMPS

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The design and testing of this new Ricardo 48V e-motor and inverter was carried out as a part of the company’s contribution to the European COmpetitiveness in Commercial Hybrid and AutoMotive PowertrainS ( ECOCHAMPS ) project.

2018 104

Sandia team boosts hydrogen production activity by molybdenum disulfide four-fold; low-cost catalyst for solar-driven water splitting

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A team led by researchers from Sandia National Laboratories has shown that molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ), exfoliated with lithiation intercalation to change its physical structure, performs as well as the best state-of-the-art catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) but at a significantly lower cost. The improved catalyst has already released four times the amount of hydrogen ever produced by MoS 2 from water. MOS 2 exists as a stack of flat nanostructures.

2015 73

Calysta Energy engineering organisms to convert methane to low-cost liquid hydrocarbons; BioGTL process

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Start-up Calysta Energy plans to use methane as a feedstock for engineered organisms to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels and high value chemicals that are cost-effective, scalable and reduce environmental impact. Calysta says that in contrast to current algae- and sugar-based methods, a methane-based biofuel platform is expected to produce fuel at less than half the cost of other biological methods, allowing direct competition with petroleum-based fuels.

New high-activity, low-cost nickel-based catalyst for fuel cells exhibits performance similar to Pt; hydroxide exchange membrane fuel cells

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Researchers at the University of Delaware, with a colleague at the Beijing University of Chemical Technology, have developed a composite catalyst—nickel nanoparticles supported on nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes—that exhibits hydrogen oxidation activity in alkaline electrolyte similar to platinum-group metals. Owing to its high activity and low cost, the catalyst shows significant potential for use in low-cost, high-performance fuel cells, the team suggested.

2016 60

Edeniq and Global Bio-chem enter into joint development agreement to produce low cost cellulosic sugars from corn stover in China

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a biorefining and cellulosic technology company, has entered a Joint Development Agreement (JDA) with Global Bio-chem Technology Group Limited, a China-based manufacturer of chemicals from industrial sugars. The JDA follows a letter of intent signed in July, with the goal of developing the lowest cost process for converting corn stover to cellulosic sugars for use in the production of bio-based chemical products. Edeniq, Inc.,

2014 75

DOE selects 7 gasification projects for funding; focus on reducing cost of coal conversion

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The Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has selected seven projects to receive funding through NETL’s Gasification System Program. This program supports a wide range of research and development activities aimed at improving fuel and product versatility, efficiency, and economics of gasification processes. Bio-gasification of Coal to Methane. DOE: $650,000 Non DOE: $162,500 Total: $812,500 (20% cost share).

2015 73

DOE awards $56M to 21 concentrating solar power projects; $8M for reducing soft costs of rooftop PV systems

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award $56 million over three years—subject to congressional appropriations—for 21 total projects to further advance advanced concentrating solar power technologies (CSP).

2012 110

Tobacco Plant-derived Enzyme Cocktail for Efficient and Low-Cost Hydrolysis of Biomass for Cellulosic Ethanol Production

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One of the barriers to cost-effective production of cellulosic ethanol is inadequate technology to efficiently and economically release fermentable sugars from cellulosic biomass. Companies such as Novozymes have worked for years to reduce the cost and improve the efficiency of their enzymes for this type of application. This is the first report of using plant-derived enzyme cocktails for production of fermentable sugars from lignocellulosic biomass.

2010 75

DOE issues RFI for hydrogen delivery R&D, targeting cost of $2-4 gge

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The Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Request for Information ( DE-FOA-0000920 ) seeking feedback from stakeholders for hydrogen delivery research and development activities aimed at lowering the cost of hydrogen delivery technologies in order to reach the threshold cost goal of $2-4 per gallon of gasoline equivalent (gge) produced, delivered and dispensed of hydrogen. Among the findings: Compression Cost Reduction Opportunities.

2013 70

DOE selects 15 projects for $32M to advance lower-cost fusion concepts; ARPA-E BETHE

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The US Department of Energy announced the winners of $32 million in funding for 15 projects as part of the ARPA-E Breakthroughs Enabling THermonuclear-fusion Energy ( BETHE ) program. —Under Secretary of Energy Mark W. University of Wisconsin-Madison.

2020 108

DOE awards nearly $7M to 4 projects to reduce costs of electric vehicle chargers by 50% over next 3 years

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) is awarding nearly $7 million in research and development funding to four projects to reduce the current costs of electric vehicle chargers by 50% over the next three years. Two of the four selected projects will focus on improving electric vehicle chargers that attach to consumers’ homes and are used by the owners to charge their vehicles while they are at home.

2011 75

ITM Power reports completion of HydroGEN alkaline electrolyzer project; prototype stack 43% the cost of its PEM counterpart

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This material, together with the low-cost catalysts and injection moulded components developed, offer a prototype stack costing 43% of its PEM counterpart. In addition, ITM said, the properties of the membrane material enable simplification of electrolyzer balance of plant, providing routes to further balance of plant savings. The alkaline environment enables alternative, lower cost non-precious metal catalyst materials to be used.

2011 75

Study shows a much cheaper catalyst can generate hydrogen in a commercial electrolyzer

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have shown for the first time that a low-cost, non-precious metal cobalt phosphide (CoP) catalyst catalyst can split water and generate hydrogen gas for hours on end in the harsh environment of a commercial device. platinum and iridium—needed to boost the efficiency of the chemical reactions. A lot of things would degrade in that environment.

2019 75

Lomiko Metals investing in startup commercializing graphene supercapacitor technology

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a company focused on the exploration and development of minerals for the “new green economy”, will invest in a new graphene-related venture, Graphene Energy Storage Devices (Graphene ESD). In December 2013, Lomiko reported on a successful conclusion to Phase I of its Graphene Supercapacitor Project which involved Graphene Laboratories and Stony Brook University. The measured specific capacitance of the prototype was found to be around 500 Farad per gram of the material.

2014 82

Study shows bamboo ethanol in China technically and economically feasible, cost-competitive with gasoline

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Bamboo, the composition of which is highly similar to energy grasses used for biofuel production such as switchgrass, is an interesting potential feedstock for advanced bioethanol production in China due to its natural abundance, rapid growth, perennial nature and low management requirements.

2013 144

Toyota Aims to Reduce Fuel Cell Vehicle Cost to 1/10 of Current By Commercialization in 2015; Reduction to Another 1/10 With Scale

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Toyota’s targeted cost reductions in fuel cell vehicles. In a news conference at the Japan National Press Club on Friday, Toyota Motor President Akio Toyoda said that the company plans to begin mass production of electric vehicles in the US in 2012, followed by US production of fuel cell vehicles in 2015. The 2015 date for fuel cell vehicles reinforced remarks made in June by vice president Masatami Takimoto about commercialization prospects.(

2009 104

UC Riverside CELF biomass pretreatment technology could cut cellulosic biofuel production cost by about 30%

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Yields of glucose, xylose, and arabinose from CELF- and dilute acid-pretreated corn stover solid. “D” Cai, and Rajeev Kumar, all of whom are students or research engineers in Wyman’s lab. For example, lignocellulosic biomass costing about $60?a

2015 91

PNNL team develops higher-strength, lower-cost titanium alloy aimed at improving vehicle fuel economy and reducing CO2 emissions

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An improved titanium alloy—stronger than any commercial titanium alloy currently on the market—gets its strength from the novel way atoms are arranged to form a special nanostructure. On top of the gains in strength, the new alloy benefits from a lower cost process.

2016 78

Algae biodiesel company AFS BioOil tracking to produce biodiesel at $2/gallon at commercial scale

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AFS BioOil announced that initial tests conducted by the company since startup of the system confirm that production costs of biodiesel will be in the range of $2 per gallon when produced in a commercial system of 1 millon gallons/yr and greater. Both companies are planning an integrated project of 5 MWe of renewable electricity and 1-3 millon gallons/yr of biodiesel.

2012 81

Torotrak to acquire remaining 80% of Flybrid for up to £23M; targeting commercial launch of M-KERS in 2015

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Supercharger, kinetic energy recovery and transmission specialist Torotrak will acquire , pending shareholder approval, the remaining 80% of flywheel hybrid innovator Flybrid for up to £23.0 million), of which £15.0 Torotrak had acquired 20% of its partner in March of this year.

2013 108

Edeniq and Global Bio-chem to develop and commercialize technology to convert corn stover to industrial sugars for fuels

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a cellulosic sugar producer ( earlier post ), has signed a letter of intent with China-based Global Bio-chem Technology Group Company Limited to develop and to commercialize processes to convert corn stover to industrial sugars for use in the production of chemicals, fuels, and other bio-based products. Global Bio-chem is currently working on modification of corn stover—leaves, stalks and cobs of corn—at its facility in the Jilin Province of China.

2014 77

ORNL seeking US manufacturers to license new carbon fiber process; reduces cost up to 50% and energy up to 60%

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a production method they estimate will reduce the cost of carbon fiber as much as 50% and the energy used in its production by more than 60%. The analysis revealed the new process yields significant reductions in materials, capital and labor costs resulting in an overall manufacturing cost reduction of up to 50%.

2016 65

Karma shows E-Flex platform in flat-floor BEV configuration; “Everyday BEV”

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The new platform is one of five demonstration projects designed to illustrate Karma’s technical direction and capabilities through the use of versatile extended range electric vehicle (EREV)- and BEV-based rolling chassis systems.

2020 95

Successful performance test of natural Albany graphite versus synthetic graphite in a Ballard fuel cell stack; potential cost reduction

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and Ballard Power Systems announced the successful performance testing of high-purity Albany graphite in components of a Ballard fuel cell stack. However, the cost to produce synthetic graphite is high and its production also has significant environmental impacts.

2016 78

DOE announces funding opportunity for enhancing algal biomass yield to support cost-competitive algal biofuels

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has released a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) to support longer-term projects to boost significantly the yield per acre cultivation equivalent of algae for use as a feedstock for algal biofuels. The Biomass Technologies Office believes this target is an important milestone in reducing the cost of algal biofuels to cost-competitive levels on the way to achieving 5,000 gallons per acre by 2022.

2013 85

UK supports Gigastack feasibility study with ITM Power, Ørsted, Element Energy; gigawatt-scale PEM electrolysis

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Gigastack, funded by the BEIS Hydrogen Supply Competition, will demonstrate the delivery of bulk, low-cost and zero-carbon hydrogen through gigawatt-scale polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) electrolysis, manufactured in the UK. The project aims to reduce the cost of electrolytic hydrogen through: Development of a new 5MW stack module design to reduce material costs. 1GW/year to increase throughput and decrease labour costs.

2019 64

Automotive Partnership Canada awarding nearly $19M to 6 new projects; lightweight materials, lower-cost fuel cells and Li-ion batteries

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Automotive Partnership Canada (APC)—a 5-year, $145-million initiative launched in 2009—is awarding nearly $19 million to six new projects to advance R&D in Canada’s automotive industry by supporting new technologies that will lower the cost of PEM fuel cells by reducing platinum loading, provide lighter material alternatives for cars, and significantly enhance battery efficiency for vehicles. The newly funded projects are: Low Platinum PEM Fuel Cells.

2012 87

OriginOil analysis suggests production cost as low as $2.28/gallon for algae-derived renewable gasoline or diesel using feedstock blending

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points to a potential production cost as low as $2.28/gallon ($0.60/Liter) for gasoline or diesel using a blend of algae and waste feedstocks, using the latest growth, harvesting and fuel conversion technologies from OriginOil and other innovators. The company cautions that this is a first look at the impact of these new technologies that is subject to large-scale revision. This cost roughly doubles to $5.44/gallon ($1.44/Liter) when using pure algae feedstocks.

2012 77

New family of non-precious metal catalysts outperform platinum for oxygen-reduction reaction in fuel cells at 10% the production cost

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ORR polarisation curves of Pt/C and FeCo-OMPC catalysts before and after 10,000 potential cycles in O 2 -saturated 0.1?M Porphyrins are any of a class of heterocyclic compounds containing four pyrrole rings arranged in a square. RHE) at a scan rate of 50?mV

2013 102

MIT/RAND Study Concludes Three Types of Alternative Jet Fuel May Be Available in Commercial Quantities Over the Next Decade

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Normalized well-to-wake GHG emissions for low-, baseline- and high-emission cases for jet fuel pathways under different land use change scenarios. The prospects for FT jet fuels depend crucially on construction of a few pioneer commercial plants in the next few years.

2009 111

ARPA-E to award up to $30M for fusion energy R&D

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The US Department of Energy announced up to $30 million in funding for a new Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) program, Breakthroughs Enabling THermonuclear-fusion Energy ( BETHE ). BETHE projects will support the development of timely, commercially viable fusion energy, aiming to increase the number and performance levels of lower-cost fusion concepts.

2019 81

Congressional Budget Office estimates US federal policies promoting EVs and other fuel-efficient vehicles will cost $7.5B through 2019; little or no impact on gasoline use and GHG in the short term

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Tax credits and gasoline prices necessary for various electric vehicles to be cost-competitive with conventional vehicles at 2011 vehicle prices. The electric vehicles that are the focus of this study fall into two broad classes: plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and battery-electric vehicles.

2012 110