Sat.Jan 25, 2020 - Fri.Jan 31, 2020

Wright Electric begins motor development program for 186-seat electric aircraft; 1.5MW motor, 3 kV inverter

Green Car Congress

Wright Electric announced the start of its electric propulsion development program for its flagship 186-seat electric aircraft, named Wright 1. In order to achieve the commercial flight capability of the Wright 1, Wright is engineering electrical systems at the megawatt scale by building a 1.5

2020 104

GMC Hummer EV electric truck: First details emerge before Super Bowl ad

Green Car Reports

Three days before a Super Bowl ad that will introduce its first all-electric truck to the world, General Motors on Thursday released a few early details of the upcoming GMC Hummer EV. The truck will have a maximum power of 735 kilowatts (1,000 horsepower) and 11,500 foot-pounds of torque.

2020 103

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Mercedes-Benz EQS: All-electric Tesla-rival teased

Green Cars News

Mercedes-Benz has teased a production prototype of its EQS, an all-electric luxury saloon set to rival the Tesla Model S and Porsche Taycan

2020 39

GM’s electric-vehicle future: President Mark Reuss offers some hints

Green Car Reports

When General Motors brought five green-car reporters to Michigan this week to announce its Detroit-Hamtramck plant would produce only electric vehicles, it threw in an Easter Egg: a small-group interview with GM president Mark Reuss.

2020 103

Ballard-powered fuel-cell electric vehicles rack up 30M km; enough to circle the globe 750 times

Green Car Congress

Ballard Power Systems announced that its proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel-cell technology and products have now successfully powered Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles in commercial Heavy- and Medium-Duty Motive applications for an industry-leading cumulative total of more than 30 million kilometers (18.5

2020 102

2021 Toyota Mirai aims for 400-mile range: More details on sporty hydrogen fuel-cell sedan

Green Car Reports

The best move Toyota could possibly have made in conceiving a second-generation version of its Mirai fuel-cell vehicle was giving its design and engineering teams a clean slate. According to Yoshikazu Tanaka, the chief engineer of the Mirai, that’s exactly what happened.

2020 98

Study links exposure to diesel exhaust particles to pneumococcal disease susceptibility

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the University of Liverpool, Queen Mary University, London and Trinity College Dublin have linked exposure to diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) to susceptibility to pneumococcal disease. An open-access paper on the work is published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

2020 99

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UPS invests in Arrival, orders 10,000 electric delivery vehicles

Green Car Congress

UPS’ venture capital arm, UPS Ventures, has completed a minority investment in Arrival , which makes electric vehicle (EV) platforms and purpose-built vehicles.

2020 96

HUMMER to return as GMC EV; 1K hp, 15,600 N·m, 0-60 in 3 seconds

Green Car Congress

General Motors is resurrecting the HUMMER as an electric truck in the GMC family. The GMC HUMMER EV truck will showcase the GMC brand’s design and engineering and will feature 1,000 horsepower; 11,500 lb-ft (15,592 N·m) of torque; and acceleration from 0 to 60 mph in 3 seconds.

2020 96

TomTom: Global traffic congestion up; Bengaluru world’s most traffic-congested city

Green Car Congress

Location technology specialist, TomTom (TOM2), released the latest results of the TomTom Traffic Index , a report detailing the traffic situation in 416 cities in 57 countries.

2020 96

China study finds finer particulate matter (PM1) could increase cardiovascular disease risk

Green Car Congress

In addition to harmful gases such as carbon monoxide, air pollution contains tiny particles that have been linked to health problems, including cardiovascular disease and asthma.

2020 96

2020 Hyundai IONIQ Electric offers 37% more driving range, starts at $33,045

Green Car Congress

The redesigned 2020 Hyundai IONIQ Electric delivers 170 miles of range (an increase of 37% from the previous 124-mile range), technology and advanced standard safety features at a starting price of $33,045 for the SE model.

2020 96

DOE sets technical targets for hydrogen fuel-cell long-haul Class 8 trucks

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Fuel Cell Technologies Office, in collaboration with the DOE Vehicle Technologies Office, has established technical targets for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in long-haul tractor-trailer Class 8 truck applications.

2020 96

Solaris to introduce a new 15-meter electric bus

Green Car Congress

Solaris will introduce a new 15-meter electric bus—the low-entry Solaris Urbino 15 LE electric—to its portfolio this year. The tri-axle bus is built mainly with customers of the Scandinavian market in mind.

2020 96

2020 Audi A8 TFSI e plug-in hybrid carries starting price of $94,000

Green Car Congress

Audi is pricing its 2020 A8 TFSI e plug-in hybrid with a MSRP of $94,000 in the US. Joining the flagship sedan model line, the Audi A8 TFSI e serves as the first plug-in hybrid variant of the A8. Earlier post.)

2020 96

Mercedes-Benz blockchain pilot project provides transparency on CO2 emissions in cobalt supply chain

Green Car Congress

Together with start-up Circulor , Mercedes-Benz is conducting a pilot project for transparency on CO 2 emissions in the cobalt supply chain as part of STARTUP AUTOBAHN.

2020 93

USDOT releases paper on public sentiment regarding automated vehicles

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Transportation has released a paper summarizing the results and implications of past research on the dynamics of consumer adoption of automated vehicles.

2020 93

ICCT life-cycle analysis finds no climate benefit in using LNG as marine fuel

Green Car Congress

The results of a new analysis by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) show that, when combined with a trend toward higher methane leakage and combustion slip, there is no climate benefit from using liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a marine fuel—regardless of the engine technology. LNG is becoming popular for several reasons. First, it contains very little sulfur. Additionally, LNG engines are tuned to either emit low nitrogen oxide (NO x ) emissions—at the cost of higher methane emissions in some cases—or to incorporate NO x reduction technologies such as exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) or selective catalytic reduction (SCR). These low sulfur oxide (SO x ) and NO x emissions make LNG an attractive fuel for ships that operate in Emission Control Areas (ECAs), where ships must comply with more stringent air quality standards. Second, LNG is, and has been, less expensive than MGO and is now in some regions cheaper than heavy fuel oil (HFO). Moreover, to comply with IMO’s 2020 global sulfur limit, ships must either switch from HFO to more expensive very low sulfur fuel oil (VLSFO) or use HFO with a scrubber, if they have one installed. However, the use of scrubbers has recently come under intense scrutiny and is undergoing regulatory review due to concerns about both the reliability of these systems to deliver consistent air pollution compliance and because of the water pollution produced by open-loop operations. Increasing numbers of national, sub-national, and local regions have disallowed the use of open-loop scrubbers, including Malaysia, China, Singapore, and the port of Fujairah; the Panama Canal also recently banned the use of open-loop scrubbers. California disallows the use of all scrubbers—open-loop or closed-loop—because of evidence that suggests that scrubbers may not result in equivalent emissions reductions as ECA-compliant fuels. As of November 2019, VLSFO was nearly as expensive as MGO. LNG will likely remain less expensive than VLSFO in the future and might be less expensive than HFO, depending on how the price of HFO responds to the IMO’s 2020 global sulfur limit (CE Delft et al., 2016). Therefore, some ship owners are finding that it makes economic sense to invest in an LNG-fueled ship. —Pavlenko et al. The shipping industry increasingly is also looking to LNG as a way to meet the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) climate goals. LNG emits approximately 25% less CO 2 than conventional marine fuels in providing the same amount of propulsion power. However, LNG is mostly methane, a potent greenhouse gas (GHG) that traps 86 times more heat in the atmosphere than the same amount of CO 2 over a 20-year time period. Multiple ship engine technologies can use natural gas; each of these engine technologies emits unburned methane (methane slip). Unburned methane arises primarily from incomplete combustion and fuel concealed in crevices in the combustion chamber during compression. Lean mixtures injected at low pressure are associated with more methane slip than high-pressure injection. The most popular LNG marine engine—low-pressure dual fuel (LPDF), medium-speed, four-stroke—is also the leakiest. Using LNG, this technology emitted 70% to 82% more life-cycle GHGs than MGO. In addition, the authors noted: Methane slip varies as a function of engine load, with higher slip at lower loads. Our analysis relied on weighted methane slip emission factors that represent the IMO’s E3 or E2 test cycles. We know from Olmer et al. (2017) that actual ship operations are different. It is possible to model the methane slip from each LNG-fueled ship hour-by-hour by modifying the approach of Olmer et al. (2017). This would likely show that the real-world consequences of using LNG as a marine fuel are worse, from a climate perspective, than we find here. In the wake of the global financial crisis, many ships have responded by sailing slower, operating at low engine loads. Olmer et al. (2017) found that container ships, in particular, operated at very low engine loads in the years 2013, 2014, and 2015. As more container ships opt for LNG, their methane slip emissions could be higher than we estimate here. —Pavlenko et al. To better understand the full climate impacts of using LNG as a marine fuel, the ICCT team compared the life-cycle GHG emissions from LNG, including upstream emissions from methane leakage during extraction, processing, and transport and downstream emissions from combustion and unburned methane (slip), to those of heavy fuel oil (HFO), very low sulfur fuel oil (VLSFO), and marine gas oil (MGO). Life-cycle GHG emissions by engine and fuel type, 20-year GWP, higher methane scenario. Credit: The ICCT. The authors used a representative life-cycle emission factor as well as the 100-year and 20-year global warming potentials (GWPs) for methane included in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fifth Assessment Report. The 20-year GWP better reflects the need to reduce GHGs quickly. The IMO has signaled that it will regulate GHGs under its initial GHG strategy. Continued investment in LNG infrastructure on ships and on shore risks making it harder to transition to zero-emission vessels in the future. The ICCT said that investments should instead be focused on technologies that reduce total life-cycle GHG emissions, including energy-saving technologies, wind-assisted propulsion, zero-emission fuels, batteries, and fuel cells. Resources. Nikita Pavlenko, Bryan Comer, Yuanrong Zhou, Nigel Clark, Dan Rutherford (2020) “ The climate implications of using LNG as a marine fuel ”. Fuels Lifecycle analysis LNG Natural Gas Ports and Marine

2020 93

UTSA researchers review security risks for e-scooters and riders

Green Car Congress

Researchers at the University of Texas San Antonio have published a review of the security and privacy risks posed by e-scooters and their related software services and applications. We were already investigating the risks posed by these micromobility vehicles to pedestrians’ safety.

2020 93

Amazon to deploy 10,000 electric delivery rickshaws in India by 2025

Green Car Congress

In an effort to reduce carbon emissions, Amazon will deploy 10,000 electric delivery rickshaws in India by 2025.

2020 93

TDK Ventures invests in electric air mobility company AutoFlightX; eVTOL air-cargo and air-taxi

Green Car Congress

TDK Corporation subsidiary TDK Ventures Inc. has invested in AutoFlightX , an electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) air mobility company. AutoFlightX is an eVTOL air-cargo and air-taxi company headquartered in Munich, with R&D centers in Shanghai and Shenzhen, China.

2020 88

Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans deploys 6 plug-in hybrid pickups from XL Fleet

Green Car Congress

In order to advance its fleet electrification and emissions reduction goals, the Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans (SWBNO) has deployed six new XL plug-in hybrid electric Ford F-150 pickup trucks to its fleet.

2020 88

King County Metro to purchase up to 120 battery-electric Xcelsior CHARGE buses from New Flyer

Green Car Congress

King County Metro (Metro)—the public transit authority of King County, Washington, which includes the city of Seattle—has agreed to purchase 40 sixty-foot battery-electric Xcelsior CHARGE heavy-duty transit buses from New Flyer, with plans to order an additional 80 battery-electric buses in the coming year. Upon execution of the purchase agreement with Metro, the order will be added to New Flyer’s backlog. Metro’s agreement to purchase up to 120 new battery-electric buses, starting with the initial order of zero-emission articulated buses, was announced by King County Executive Dow Constantine alongside Metro General Manager Rob Gannon, during an event and bus demonstration at Metro’s South Training Facility in Seattle, Washington. The announcement follows Metro’s 2018 electric bus evaluation program, which used New Flyer’s Xcelsior CHARGE buses, and is a major milestone in the county’s efforts to improve air quality, reduce carbon and create a zero-emissions bus fleet by 2040 or earlier. In 2017, Executive Constantine and Metro General Manager Rob Gannon called on the industry to invest more in battery-electric options, including the creation of coaches that could travel farther and handle the varying terrain requirements of the region. New Flyer stepped up to the challenge, producing both a 40-foot and 60-foot battery-electric bus that met Metro’s specifications and timeline needs. The buses Metro will purchase both have a battery size of 466 kWh. Since 1979, New Flyer has delivered more than 1,800 buses to Metro, with more than half comprising zero-emission or hybrid-electric powertrains. Bus Electric (Battery) Fleets Sales

2020 88

Purdue researchers create hybrid technique to create nanotwinned, corrosion-resistant nickel

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Nickel is a widely used metal in the manufacturing industry for both industrial and advanced material processes.

2020 88

Prometheus CEO outlines tech advances that could make CO2-to-fuels renewable gasoline and jet price-competitive with fossil fuels

Green Car Congress

In a commentary in the journal Joule , Rob McGinnis, founder and and CEO of Prometheus , a company that is developing technology to remove carbon dioxide from the air and turn it into fuels, discusses the technology advances that could lead to the potential price-competitiveness of renewable gasoline and jet with fossil fuels. Recent breakthroughs in separations and catalysis, along with long-trend reductions in solar and wind electricity costs, have significantly increased the potential for cost-competitive renewable fuels from direct air capture (DAC) of CO 2. This is an important development because there is little time available to reduce CO 2 emissions sufficiently to avoid the worst effects of climate change. Transportation fuels contribute a significant portion of current CO 2 emissions, accounting for 23% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and up to 40% of GHGs in developed economies, offering significant opportunities for emissions reduction from the decarbonization of such fuels. Electrification of the global vehicle fleet, which now totals over 1 billion cars and trucks, or conversion of vehicles to use novel fuels like hydrogen, cannot proceed quickly enough to address the climate crisis. Replacing fossil-fuel gasoline, diesel, and jet fuels would be able to proceed at a much faster pace, because it does not require the replacement or retrofit of the existing vehicle fleet. In order for this fuel replacement to occur, however, renewable fuels must offer the same or better performance than fossil fuels at the same or lower price. —Rob McGinnis. McGinnis highlights three technical advances that he believes will make this possible. Aqueous CO 2 electrolysis with base-metal catalysts. The conversion of CO 2 to fuels in these inexpensive water-based systems has shown high faradic efficiencies for reduction of CO 2. to C 2 fuel products such as ethanol. Previously, the reduction of CO 2 to CO for syngas for use in Fischer-Tropsch was considered promising; however, he noted, these processes are energy and capital intensive, and require massive scale to become practical. The effective upgrading of alcohols to gasoline, diesel, and jet fuels. This upgrading requires an inexpensive catalysis step (oligomerization and dehydration), which is exothermic and compact, operating at moderate temperatures and pressures. The separation of ethanol and other fuel products from water. A previous obstacle to the aqueous CO 2 electrolysis pathway has been the difficulty of separating ethanol and other alcohols from water. Separation of these fule products from water can now be achieved by nanotechnology-based separation, operated at room temperature and pressure. These advances together allow for inexpensive systems that can make true gasoline, diesel, and jet fuels from atmospheric CO 2. These systems can run at room temperature and atmospheric pressure using only electricity rather than the mix of electricity and fossil fuels (such as methane for process heat) typically required by previous approaches. One practical advantage of non-thermal processes using only renewable electricity is that they can be turned on and off quickly to match intermittent supplies of renewable power. This is much better suited to the availability of renewable energy sources than thermal processes that must run 24/7 for stable operation. —Rob McGinnis. McGinnis projects that by putting all of these advances together, it will be possible to offer renewable gasoline from direct air capture CO 2 -to-fuels processes within the next two years that is price competitive with fossil gasoline. Once demonstrated, the main challenge will be in achieving speed to scale. In order to replace all fossil gasoline in the United States, assuming 66% resource availability and a 60% conversion efficiency, an additional 1.4 TW of combined solar and wind capacity for the United States alone will be required. —Rob McGinnis. Resources. Rob McGinnis (2020) “CO 2 -to-Fuels Renewable Gasoline and Jet Fuel Can Soon Be Price Competitive with Fossil Fuels,” Joule doi: 10.1016/j.joule.2020.01.002. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Fuels Solar fuels

2020 88

Clean Energy Fuels delivered 143M gallons of Redeem renewable natural gas in 2019, up 30% year-on-year

Green Car Congress

Clean Energy Fuels Corp delivered 143 million gallons of Redeem Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) last year as robust sales of the carbon-neutral transportation fuel continued in 2019, closing out the year with significant deals throughout North America.

2020 88

SEAT launches all-new Leon; gasoline, diesel, CNG, mild-hybrid, plug-in hybrid; €1.1B investment

Green Car Congress

SEAT presented at its Martorell facilities the all-new SEAT Leon compact. The company, a member of the Volkswagen Group, has invested more than €1.1

2020 88

Solaris to supply three articulated electric buses to Bonn; 200 km on a single charge

Green Car Congress

Solaris has won a tender for the delivery of three articulated electric buses to the operator SWB in Bonn. The Urbino 18 electric buses feature the new generation of Solaris High Energy+ batteries. Pursuant to the agreement, the Solaris buses will be put into service this year.

2020 88

Audi networks with traffic lights in Düsseldorf; “Green wave”

Green Car Congress

Audi is moving ahead with networked traffic lights in Düsseldorf. After Ingolstadt, the city on the Rhine is the second in Europe in which Audi is introducing its Traffic Light Information service.

2020 88

Chinese researchers develop new alloy for on-board hydrogen production for fuel cells

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Tsinghua University have used a gallium, indium, tin and bismuth alloy to generate hydrogen, when placed in contact with an aluminum plate immersed in water. The hydrogen is then used in a PEM fuel cell.

2020 88

Two-thirds of freight shipped by truck in the US in 2018 was shipped less than 100 miles

Green Car Congress

Of the 11.1 billion tons of freight shipped by trucks in the United States in 2018, 7.3 billion tons (two-thirds) were shipped less than 100 miles. Another 1.8 billion tons were shipped between 100 and 249 miles and 1.2 billion tons between 250 and 499 miles.

2020 88

Great Britain and the United States show the same pattern of recent changes in vehicle distance traveled

Green Car Congress

by Michael Sivak, Sivak Applied Research. Vehicle distance traveled per person in Great Britain is currently about one-half of the distance in the United States.

2020 88

GM to invest $2.2B at Detroit-Hamtramck to produce all-electric trucks and SUVs; GM’s first fully-dedicated EV plant

Green Car Congress

General Motors will invest $2.2 billion at its Detroit-Hamtramck assembly plant to produce a variety of all-electric trucks and SUVs. GM’s first all-electric truck will be a pickup with production scheduled to begin in late 2021.

2020 88

Nissan and Uber partner in London: 2,000 LEAFs

Green Car Congress

Nissan and Uber have signed a deal to support the introduction of 2,000 all-electric Nissan LEAFs for drivers who use the Uber app.

2020 88

GTI launching a hydrogen technology center

Green Car Congress

GTI, a research, development and training organization focused on natural gas and energy markets, is launching a hydrogen technology center.

2020 88

UGA study finds black carbon aerosols from GDI engines will worsen public health, climate; need for GPFs

Green Car Congress

The gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine is one of the most prominent technologies car manufacturers adopted to achieve the fuel economy and carbon dioxide emission goals established in 2012 by the US Environmental Protection Agency. The market share of GDI-equipped vehicles increased from 2.3%

2020 88

GM names Hamtramck as first US plant to build only electric cars

Green Car Reports

Quick! List all the car factories in the U.S. that produce only electric vehicles. It’s a trick question, really, because today, there’s only one. That’s the Tesla assembly plant in Fremont, California, where the company’s three EV models are all built.

2020 87