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NEC, NEC TOKIN and Tohoku University develop spin-Seebeck thermoelectric device w/ 10x better conversion efficiency

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Ken-ichi Uchida of Tohoku University (Keio University at that time). Thermoelectric conversion technology that converts energy abandoned as waste heat back to electric power is strongly anticipated to be used for saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

2016 78

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Researchers develop efficient single-atom Ni catalyst for conversion of CO2 to CO

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A competing reaction, called the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) or “water splitting,” takes precedence over the CO 2 conversion reaction. —Haotian Wang, a Rowland Fellow at Harvard University and the corresponding author. In addition to the unique energetic properties of single atoms, the O 2 conversation reaction was facilitated by the interaction of the nickel atoms with a surrounding sheet of graphene. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts

2018 72

S. Korean researchers develop new catalytic pathway for direct conversion of CO2 to liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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Proposed carbon capture and utilization (CCU) system based on catalytic CO 2 conversion to liquid hydrocarbon fuels with hydrogen supplied from solar water splitting. Hence, this report focuses on the catalytic CO 2 -to-liquid fuel conversion (CO 2 FT synthesis) with renewable H 2.

2016 115

New plasma synthesis process for one-step conversion of CO2 and methane into higher value fuel and chemicals

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Instead of using H 2 , direct conversion of CO 2 with CH 4 (dry reforming of methane, DRM) to liquid fuels and chemicals (e.g. Xin Tu, from the University’s Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Natural Gas

2017 89

Elemental boron effective photothermocatalyst for the conversion of CO2 for fuels and chemicals

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Working with a team for the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) in Tsukuba, Ibaraki, and Hokkaido University in Sapporo (Japan), as well as Tianjin University and Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China), Ye is now pursuing a strategy that uses both the light and thermal energy provided by sunlight. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Emissions Fuels

2017 60

Argonne team finds copper cluster catalyst effective for low-pressure conversion of CO2 to methanol with high activity

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have identified a new material to catalyze the conversion of CO 2 via hydrogenation to methanol (CH 3 OH): size-selected Cu 4 clusters—clusters of four copper atoms each, called tetramers—supported on Al 2 O 3 thin films.

2015 100

UC Santa Barbara team develops catalytic molten metals for direct conversion of methane to hydrogen without forming CO2

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Researchers at the University of California Santa Barbara have developed catalytic molten metals to pyrolize methane to release hydrogen and to form solid carbon. Under these conditions, the equilibrium conversion is 98%.

2017 94

UI, Argonne develop catalyst for more efficient solar-powered reduction of CO2 to CO for conversion to fuel

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Much of the experimental work was performed at the University of Illinois at Chicago, while the computational work was performed at Argonne. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Emissions Solar fuels

2016 78

New catalyst improves conversion of CO2 to syngas

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Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) have identified molybdenum disulfide as a promising cost-effective substitute for noble metal catalysts for the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide. This work was carried out in part in the Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory Central Facilities, University of Illinois. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Fuels

USDA awards $3M biorefinery grant to support conversion of lignin into renewable alternative for ABS Resin

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a $3-million grant to support the commercialization of its patented and patent-pending lignin conversion and refining technologies. Lignocellulose, or lignin, is ubiquitous in biomass, and yet it is highly-resistant to the chemical, biological, and other processes historically used for the conversion and refining of biomass into renewable products. The USDA has awarded a consortium including Attis Innovations, Inc., a subsidiary of Meridian Waste Solutions, Inc.,a

2018 60

Scientists develop method for direct conversion of methane to methanol or acetic acid under mild conditions

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory, Tufts University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have shown that mononuclear rhodium species, anchored on a zeolite or titanium dioxide support suspended in aqueous solution, can catalyze the direct conversion of methane to methanol and acetic acid using oxygen and carbon monoxide under mild conditions.

2017 65

GTI partners with Purdue’s CISTAR Center on conversion of shale resources to valuable liquid fuels

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The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is partnering with Purdue University’s Center for Innovative and Strategic Transformation of Alkane Resources (CISTAR) and other experts from academia, industry and government to develop technologies for responsible conversion of alkanes—light hydrocarbons including methane, ethane and propane—into more valuable liquid fuels, including gasoline and diesel fuels ( earlier post ).

2017 65

New University of Cambridge laboratory focusing on next-generation energy storage and conversion

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The University of Cambridge’s Department of Chemistry recently opened the new Todd-Hamied Laboratory. The laboratory will explore harnessing materials for energy storage and conversion in an effort to develop the next generation of batteries and fuel cells. Grey arrived at Cambridge in 2009, having spent 15 years at Stony Brook University (SBU). in Chemistry from the University of Oxford.

2011 60

Researchers show mixotrophic fermentation process improves carbon conversion, boosting yields and reducing CO2

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One way to mitigate high feedstock cost is to maximize conversion into the bioproduct of interest. This maximization, though, is limited because of the production of CO 2 during the conversion of sugar into acetyl-CoA in traditional fermentation processes.

2016 109

University of Sydney team advances rechargeable zinc-air batteries with bimetallic oxide–graphene hybrid electrocatalyst

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University of Sydney team advances rechargeable zinc-air batteries with bimetallic oxide–graphene hybrid electrocatalyst. Researchers at the University of Sydney, with colleagues at Nanyang Technological University, have found a solution for one of the biggest stumbling blocks hindering the commercialization of rechargeable zinc-air batteries.

PNNL and Queensland University of Technology formalize bioenergy research partnership

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The Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia, have collaborated on bioenergy and microbial biotechnology in the past. Both institutions work in advanced thermochemical conversion of biomass to create biofuels, plant-derived chemicals and other bioproducts.

2016 60

New catalytic system for conversion of CO2 to methanol shows much higher activity than others now in use

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Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, with colleagues from the University of Seville (Spain) and Universidad Central de Venezuela, have discovered a new, highly active catalytic system for converting carbon dioxide to methanol.

2014 78

New inexpensive catalyst for conversion of CO2 to CO could help with storage of renewable energy

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Researchers at the University of Delaware have developed an inexpensive bismuth?carbon As such, development of Bi-based cathodes for conversion of CO 2 to CO would represent an important development for the fields of CO 2 electrocatalysis and renewable energy conversion. Used in conjunction with ionic liquids, it effected the electrocatalytic conversion of CO 2 to CO with appreciable current density at overpotentials below 0.2

2013 75

ExxonMobil and UW Madison extend research collaboration on conversion of biomass to transportation fuels

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The University of Wisconsin-Madison and ExxonMobil announced a two-year renewal of an agreement to research the fundamental chemistry of converting biomass into transportation fuels. UW-Madison has long been known for its expertise in biomass conversion. The project leverages the university’s expertise with ExxonMobil’s resources and strong technological capabilities.

2017 60

Researchers develop co-catalyst system for lower cost conversion of CO2 to CO; syngas for synfuels

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A team from the University of Illinois and startup Dioxide Materials has developed an electrocatalytic system for the reduction of CO 2 to CO—a key component of artificial photosynthesis and thus an enabler for the conversion of CO 2 to synthetic fuels—at overpotentials below 0.2

NREL enzyme enables conversion of biomass to sugar up to 14x faster than current alternatives; changing the economics of conversion

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Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed an enzyme that can enable the conversion of biomass to sugars up to 14 times faster and more cheaply than competing catalysts in enzyme cocktails today.

2015 84

New energy-efficient process for direct conversion of biomass without pretreatment to liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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A team from The University of Manchester and East China University has developed a process for the direct hydrodeoxygenation of raw woods into liquid alkanes with mass yields up to 28.1 wt%

2016 89

New 3-step process for conversion of kraft lignin from black liquor into green diesel

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Researchers in Sweden and Spain have devised a three-step process for the conversion of precipitated kraft lignin from black liquor into green diesel. In a paper describing the kraft recovery process, Honghi Tran from the University of Toronto and Esa K. Their paper appears in the journal ChemSusChem. The kraft process converts wood into wood pulp for paper production.

2016 89

New efficient biphasic catalytic process for conversion of biomass to dense jet-range fuels

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Now, researchers from the University of Nevada and Washington State University have developed a novel efficient biphasic tandem catalytic process (biTCP) for synthesizing cycloalkanes from renewable terpenoid biomass (such as 1,8-cineole). Using 1,8-cineole as a model terpenoid compound, the researchers attained a ~100% conversion of 1,8-cineole and a ~100% selectivity to p-menthane at 120°C within one hour.

2017 65

One-step process under mild conditions for conversion of glycerol to solketal, STBE fuel additives

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One of the latest comes from a team from the Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis and Gubkin State University of Oil and Gas in Russia. Bagdasarov (2016) “Heterogeneous catalytic conversion of glycerol to oxygenated fuel additives” Fuel , Volume 172, Pages 310-319, doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2016.01.024.

2016 78

New ceramic membrane enables first direct conversion of methane to liquids without CO2 emissions

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Nonoxidative methane dehydroaromatization (MDA: 6CH 4 ↔ C 6 H 6 + 9H 2 ) using shape-selective Mo/zeolite catalysts is a key technology for exploitation of stranded natural gas reserves by direct conversion into transportable liquids.

2016 78

Double catalyst for the direct conversion of syngas to lower olefins

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The first step in such a process would involve the conversion of these materials into syngas through either gasification or steam reforming. An alternative method is the conversion of synthesis gas in two process steps.

2016 78

SOLETAIR project produces first 200 liters of synthetic fuel from solar power and atmospheric CO2

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Project partners include INERATEC, a spinoff of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), VTT Technical Research Center of Finland and Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT). Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Fuels Solar fuels

2017 159

MIT researchers devise simple catalytic system for fixation and conversion of CO2

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reacts with triethylsilane in acetonitrile under an atmosphere of CO 2 to produce formate (69% isolated yield) together with silylated molybdate (quantitative conversion to [MoO 3 (OSiEt 3 )] ? , —Christine Thomas, associate professor of chemistry at Brandeis University, who was not involved in the research. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Catalysts

2014 60

University of Adelaide team exploring novel configuration for solar hybridized coal-to-liquids process

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Researchers at the University of Adelaide (Australia) are proposing a novel configuration of a hybridized concentrated solar thermal (CST) dual fluidized bed (DFB) gasification process for Fischer–Tropsch liquids (FTL) fuels production.

2015 84

New one-pot process for conversion of sugars to hydrocarbons

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Researchers at Tohoku University have developed a one-pot process for the direct conversion of sugar and sugar polyols to n-alkanes. 2013), One-Pot Conversion of Sugar and Sugar Polyols to n-Alkanes without CC Dissociation over the Ir-ReO x /SiO 2 Catalyst Combined with H-ZSM-5.

2013 78

Motiv Power Systems debuts EPIC all-electric family of chassis for medium-duty trucks and buses

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Featuring Motiv’s Smart Power Control Technology, each EPIC chassis is available with universal charging compatibility and secure remote telematics and diagnostics for charging flexibility and fleet/driver connectivity. Conversions Electric (Battery

2018 105

Oxford Team Outlines Progress and Potential in CO2 Capture and Conversion to Synthetic Transportation Fuels

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The authors highlight three possible strategies for CO 2 conversion by physico-chemical approaches: sustainable (or renewable) synthetic methanol; syngas production derived from flue gases from coal-, gas- or oil-fired electric power stations; and photochemical production of synthetic fuels.

University of Nottingham leading 3-year, £830K project on automotive power electronics

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The University of Nottingham (UK) is leading a 3-year, £830,000 (US$1.1-million) research project on power electronics—the EPSRC Challenge Network in Automotive Power Electronics. The EPSRC Challenge Network in Automotive Power Electronics will bring together the academic and industrial communities to identify and to address the long-term challenges in the design, manufacture, deployment and operational management of automotive electrical-power conversion and conditioning systems.

2016 60

Amminex and partners receive €1.5M EC Horizon Prize for DeNOx retrofit solution

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Amminex, a Faurecia company, and its three partners the Technical University of Graz, Johnson Matthey, and ICCT have won the European Commission’s €1.5-million Horizon Prize in the Engine Retrofit for Clean Air category. Conversions Diesel Emissions

2018 78

NSF funds new center for advanced 2-D coatings; energy conversion and storage

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The Center for Atomically Thin Multifunctional Coatings , (ATOMIC), is one of more than 80 Industry/University Cooperative Research Program centers established by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to encourage scientific collaboration between academia and industry.

2015 84

New three-step process for conversion of vegetable oils into cycloparaffinic and aromatic biofuels in jet fuel range

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A team from the University of Science & Technology of China in Hefei has developed a three-step process for the conversion of vegetable oils (triglycerides) into cycloparaffinic and aromatic biofuels in jet fuel range.

2016 83

Free piston/ORC system for automotive waste heat recovery being tested at University of Brighton

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A prototype automotive waste heat recovery system has been fired up on a recently commissioned test rig at the University of Brighton. The test rig and linear free piston expander technology will form a centerpiece at Linear Power 2015 being held at the University of Brighton in September, billed as the first technology forum for linear power systems technology researchers and application developers.

2015 65

PEM Fuel Cells, Energy Conversion, and Mathematics

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The paper PEM Fuel Cells: A Mathematical Overview is co-authored by Keith Promislow of the Michigan State University and Brian Wetton of the University of Vancouver. Cross-section of a unit cell. Water (liquid or vapor) is formed at the cathode catalyst.

2009 78