Columbia team organizes available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Columbia University, with colleagues at Boston University and Abt Associates, have identified concentration-response (C-R) functions for a number of adverse health outcomes in children associated with air pollutants largely from fossil fuel combustion. The study, led by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health (CCCEH), organized the available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health.

2018 209

Roskill: Myanmar crisis set to disrupt rare earth supply availability

Green Car Congress

The proposed introduction of ammonia-free in-situ leaching technology at various IAC projects in China has not materialized over continued concerns regarding pollutants, recovery rate and social impacts. As a result of the growing uncertainty and tight supply availability in China, prices for dysprosium and terbium are expected to be supported at higher levels, following the strong price performance observed during 2020 and Q1 2021.

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Severe drought influences ozone pollution

Green Car Congress

Drought conditions can have complicated effects on ozone air quality, so to better understand the process, researchers have analyzed data from two ozone-polluted cities before, during and after the California drought. Although ozone in the stratosphere protects the earth from ultraviolet radiation, at ground level the molecule is a harmful air pollutant to humans, animals and plants.

Ozone 182

$27 million available for zero-emission trucks in California

Green Car Congress

On 18 August 2020, $27 million in funding will be available in California to replace higher polluting trucks with zero-emission vehicles. This is the first installment from the $90 million available for the Zero-Emission Class 8 Freight and Port Drayage Trucks category and will provide funding to replace freight trucks (including drayage), waste haulers, dump trucks, and concrete mixers.

2020 212

Harvard/Nanjing study: China’s war on PM2.5 pollution is causing more severe ozone pollution

Green Car Congress

In early 2013, the Chinese government declared a war on air pollution and began instituting stringent policies to regulate the emissions of PM 2.5. pollution is falling, harmful ground-level ozone pollution is on the rise, especially in large cities. The researchers from SEAS and NUIST found that particulate matter acts like a sponge for the radicals needed to generate ozone pollution, sucking them up and preventing them from producing ozone.

2019 219

Study estimates ~4M children worldwide develop asthma each year because of NO2 air pollution

Green Car Congress

About 4 million children worldwide develop asthma each year because of inhaling nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) air pollution, according to an open-access study published in The Lancet Planetary Health by researchers at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH). Our findings suggest that millions of new cases of pediatric asthma could be prevented in cities around the world by reducing air pollution.

2019 290

International travelers experience adverse cardiopulmonary health effects even after short stay in polluted cities

Green Car Congress

For travelers who visit cities with high levels of air pollution, even a short stay leads to breathing problems that can take at least a week from which to recove, a new study led by researchers at NYU School of Medicine finds. The study is the first of its kind, say the authors, to analyze pollution-related coughing and breathing difficulties and recovery times upon returning home, in healthy, young adults who’ve travelled internationally.

2019 254

Study: 25% EV adoption would save US $17B annually from avoided climate change & pollution damages

Green Car Congress

A new study led by researchers from Northwestern University projects that if electric vehicles replaced 25% of combustion engine cars currently on the road, the United States would save approximately $17 billion annually by avoiding damages from climate change and air pollution. This highlights the potential of co-beneficial solutions to climate change that not only curb greenhouse gas emissions but also reduce the health burden of harmful air pollution.

Study shows two-stroke scooters dominant source of air pollution in many cities; asymmetric polluters

Green Car Congress

A study by European researchers has found that two-stroke (2S) scooters, although constituting a small fraction of the fleet, can dominate urban vehicular pollution through organic aerosol and aromatic emission factors up to thousands of times higher than from other vehicle classes. Therefore, given the alternative technologies available, restrictions on 2S scooters, already implemented in China, could improve air quality in many cities around the globe.

2014 287

IARC: Outdoor air pollution carcinogenic to humans

Green Car Congress

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the specialized cancer agency of the World Health Organization (WHO), has classified outdoor air pollution as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). 161, Air Pollution and Cancer. After thoroughly reviewing the latest available scientific literature, the experts convened by the IARC Monographs Programme concluded that there is sufficient evidence that exposure to outdoor air pollution causes lung cancer (Group 1).

2013 207

Crowdsourcing air pollution measurements: iSPEX-EU 2015

Green Car Congress

The current iSPEX-EU project, which runs until 15 October, is a scaled-up version of the original iSPEX-project that enlisted the general public to contribute to the understanding of air pollution. In comparison to SPEX, of which there exist only a few in the world, iSPEX is simple and designed to be available and used by thousands of people, and it is primarily meant for the measurement of aerosols in Earth atmosphere.

2015 218

Duke team devise method for detecting PM2.5 pollution using AI/machine learning, micro-satellite imagery and weather data

Green Car Congress

m) available from Planet Lab. We’ve used a new generation of micro-satellite images to estimate ground-level air pollution at the smallest spatial scale to date. pollution.

2020 208

ICL, CMU study associates PM2.5 air pollution in US with >30,000 deaths and reduced life expectancy

Green Car Congress

The amount of this fine particle pollution in the US has declined since 1999. µg/m 3 , which is mostly below the current standard, air pollution was associated with an estimated 15,612 deaths in females, and 14,757 deaths in men. concentrations are generally lower than those in many Europe cities—which suggests there may also be substantial number of deaths in Europe associated with air pollution.

2019 209

$13.5M in EPA clean diesel grant funding available

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced the availability of $13.5 Nonprofit organizations may apply if they provide pollution reduction or educational services to diesel fleet owners or if their principal purpose is promoting clean transportation or air quality. The available funding for individual proposals varies by region. million in grant funding to help governments and nonprofit organizations switch to cleaner diesel engines.

2015 216

Virginia Tech team developing intelligent wearable analyzer for pollutants in transportation-related workplaces

Green Car Congress

With a $2.3-million award from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), an interdisciplinary team of Virginia Tech researchers led by Masoud Agah, the Virginia Microelectronics Consortium Professor in the Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, is developing an intelligent wearable analyzer for vapor exposure, called iWAVE, that can be used to measure hazardous air pollutants in real-time in transportation-related and other workplaces.

2020 182

Study concludes environmental regulations drove steep declines in US factory pollution even with increased production

Green Car Congress

The federal Clean Air Act and associated environmental regulations have driven steep declines in air pollution emissions over the past several decades, even as US manufacturers increased production, according to a study by two University of California, Berkeley, economists. In the 1960s and 1970s, people worried that Los Angeles, New York and other US cities would have unbearable air pollution levels by the end of the 20th century.

2018 183

$4M from EPA available for clean diesel projects at ports

Green Car Congress

EPA is announcing the availability of $4 million in grant funding to establish clean diesel projects aimed at reducing emissions from marine and inland water ports. This grant competition is available under the Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA) Program and is the first competition to focus on solely reducing emissions at ports. Older diesel engines can emit large amounts of air pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and particulate matter (PM).

2013 197

Study: consumer products overtake transportation as largest source of VOCs air pollution in cities

Green Car Congress

Thus, it is important to identify and quantify the most important human-produced sources of VOC emissions to effectively mitigate air pollution and improve human health, the authors said. One challenge has been the lack of available atmospheric measurements of oxygenated volatile organic compounds (OVOCs) common in everyday household products. Even so, lotions, paints and other products contribute about as much to air pollution as does the transportation sector.

2018 226

WHO links 7 million premature deaths annually to air pollution; 12.5% of total global deaths

Green Car Congress

The World Health Organization now estimates that in 2012 around 7 million people died—one in eight (12.5%) of total global deaths—as a result of air pollution exposure. This new estimate more than doubles previous estimates and confirms that air pollution is now the world’s largest single environmental health risk, according to WHO, which is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. Outdoor pollution.

2014 287

PA Governor Wolf announces $8.5M from Volkswagen Settlement to reduce transportation pollution

Green Car Congress

By replacing older, polluting engines with new technologies, the projects over their lifetimes are expected to prevent emission of 503 tons of nitrogen oxides (NO x ), 130 tons of carbon monoxide, 238 tons of carbon dioxide, 59 tons of hydrocarbons, 30 tons of fine particulate matter, and a half-ton of coarse particulate matter. The two newest Driving PA Forward programs opened this summer and are available for businesses, non-profits, and government agencies in Pennsylvania.

2019 176

Greyrock, NREL study determines reduction in GHG and criteria pollutant emissions from using synthetic fuels produced from flare gas

Green Car Congress

A “well-to-wheel” life cycle assessment (LCA) by a team from synthetic fuels producer Greyrock ( earlier post ), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has determined the potential reduction of greenhouse gases and criteria pollutant emissions from the use of synthetic fuels directly converted from flare gas. This blend was also found to reduce criteria air pollutant emissions by an average of 28%, 18%, 24% and 5.5%

2018 222

Coming HEI study suggests air pollution regulations likely contributors to improvements in air quality and children’s health

Green Car Congress

The Health Effects Institute ( HEI ) will soon publish a study by Frank Gilliland and his colleagues at the University of Southern California the findings of which suggest that US and California regulations directed at reducing emissions of mobile-source pollutants were likely contributors to improvements in air quality between 1985 and 2012 that were in turn associated with improvements in children’s respiratory health.

2016 194

California Assembly weighing integrating air pollution performance into GHG cap-and-trade

Green Car Congress

This bill creates a framework for grading industrial facilities’ air quality performance and creating a uniform air pollution standard that facilities must meet to receive allocation of free allowances from the California Air Resources Board (ARB) beginning in 2021. The bill also prohibits ARB, after 2020, from allocating allowances pursuant to cap-and-trade industrial facility that does not meet the air pollutant emissions standards.

2017 150

WHO: Air pollution levels rising in many of the world’s poorest cities

Green Car Congress

More than 80% of people living in urban areas that monitor air pollution are exposed to air quality levels that exceed World Health Organization (WHO) limits, according to the organization. In the past two years, the database—now covering 3,000 cities in 103 countries—has nearly doubled, with more cities measuring air pollution levels and recognizing the associated health impacts. Global urban air pollution trends.

2016 174

Price Parity is Not the Key to EV Adoption in the US

EV Adoption

Reducing carbon omissions and pollution from the transportation sector are clearly important to the health of the planet and humans. Many consumers won’t buy an EV until they feel comfortable that wherever they drive there are plenty of available fast charging stations.

DOE: despite 13% rise in VMT from 2002-2015, pollution down significantly

Green Car Congress

Despite an increase in vehicle miles traveled (VMT) of 13% from 2002 to 2015 (the latest year for which data are available), the total amount of airborne pollutants emitted from highway vehicles has declined considerably, according to the US Department of Energy (DOE).

2017 150

EPA making $20M available for clean diesel projects

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a Request for Proposals ( EPA-OAR-OTAQ-12-05 ) with up to $20 million in FY 2012 grant funding to establish clean diesel projects aimed at reducing pollution from the existing fleet of diesel engines. In addition to these grants, approximately $9 million will be available through direct state allocations.

2012 194

Canada publishes proposed regulations for criteria pollutants from locomotives

Green Car Congress

This marks Canada’s first regulation of air pollutant emissions from locomotives. This does not include a valuation of the health benefits due to limitations on the availability of the geographic density of these emissions. The Government of Canada has published proposed Locomotive Emissions Regulations in the Canada Gazette, Part I.

2016 150

New UK-wide map of air pollution; insights into nitrogen dioxide levels across the country and within towns and cities

Green Car Congress

EarthSense Systems—a joint venture between the University of Leicester and aerial mapping company BlueSky—has published MappAir, the first high resolution nationwide map of air pollution. Initially available for the whole of the UK at 100-meter resolution, MappAir shows how air pollution, specifically nitrogen dioxide, changes across the country and within towns and cities, highlighting likely sources and potential clean-air refuge areas.

2017 150

Port of Los Angeles surpasses 2023 pollution reduction targets five years ahead of schedule; NOx down 60% from 2005

Green Car Congress

Using this type of measurement, the Port also posted its best year ever, lowering the average amount of emissions the port generates to move each container of cargo for all eight pollutants tracked by the Port’s emissions inventory, including greenhouse gases (GHG), which were down 30% per container on average since 2005. Ongoing turnover of the truck fleet and upgrades of cargo handling equipment with the cleanest available engines also helped hold the line on emissions.

Study finds pollution strengthens thunderclouds, warming the atmosphere

Green Car Congress

Pollution warms the atmosphere through summer thunderstorm clouds, according to a computational study by a team of researchers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Hebrew University in Jerusalem and the University of Maryland published in Geophysical Research Letters. The large amount of heat trapped by the pollution-enhanced clouds could potentially impact regional circulation and modify weather systems.

2012 189

EPA announces availability of $26M for projects to reduce diesel emissions from existing fleet

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced the availability of $26 million in grant funding to establish clean diesel projects aimed at reducing emissions from the US’ existing fleet of diesel engines. Nonprofit organizations may apply if they provide pollution reduction or educational services to diesel fleet owners or have, as their principal purpose, the promotion of transportation or air quality.

2016 174

US Steel investing more than $1B in Mon Valley works; substrate for XG3 AHSS for automotive; reduction in criteria pollutants

Green Car Congress

Once completed, the new advanced steelmaking technology and state-of-the-art cogeneration facilities will incorporate the best available control technologies. United States Steel Corporation (USS) will invest more than $1 billion to construct a new sustainable endless casting and rolling facility at its Edgar Thomson Plant in Braddock, Pa., and a cogeneration facility at its Clairton Plant in Clairton, Pa., both part of the company’s Mon Valley Works.

2019 184

Two new studies of road air pollution in London find detrimental effects on over-60s and unborn babies

Green Car Congress

Exposure to air pollution on city streets is enough to counter the beneficial health effects of exercise in adults over 60, according to new research led by Imperial College London and Duke University. These findings, published in as open-access paper in The Lancet , show that short term exposure to air pollution in built-up areas such as London’s busy Oxford Street can prevent the positive effects on the heart and lungs that can be gained from walking.

2017 150

CMU study finds that coal retirement is needed for EVs to reduce air pollution

Green Car Congress

Life cycle emissions by pollutant and life cycle stage for each vehicle type in the recent (a) and future (b) PJM grid. They then modeled the emissions from those power plants, the effects of emissions on air pollution in downwind counties, and the resulting implications for human health and the environment. The most recent year for which all of the necessary data are available to make this assessment is 2010, noted Michalek.

2016 190

EPA finalizes Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (Transport Rule)

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has finalized the new Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) (also called the Transport Rule). The Cross-State Air Pollution Rule replaces and strengthens the requirements of the 2005 Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR), which the US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit ordered EPA to revise in 2008. The rule will improve air quality by cutting SO 2 and NO x emissions that contribute to pollution problems in other states.

2011 176

OICR-led study shows that environmental exposures such as air pollution are more determinant of respiratory health than inherited genetics

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR), with colleagues at other institutions in Canada and the UK, have found strong evidence that environmental exposures, including air pollution, affect gene expressions associated with respiratory diseases much more than genetic ancestry. Differentially expressed genes are associated with local ambient air pollution.

2018 150

Government of Canada introduces legislation to strengthen rail safety and accountability; “polluter pays”

Green Car Congress

It is based on the “polluter pays” principle and makes railways and shippers responsible for the cost of accidents, protecting taxpayers and communities by ensuring that adequate resources are available for compensation if an accident were to occur. Canada’s Minister of Transport, Lisa Raitt, introduced legislation in the House of Commons that will enhance railway safety and make the rail industry and crude oil shippers more accountable.

2015 197

EPA offering $2M in funding to reduce pollution from older diesel engines

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has made available $2 million in funding for rebates to help public and private construction equipment owners replace or retrofit older diesel construction engines. By cutting air pollution and preventing thousands of asthma attacks, emergency room visits and premature deaths, the clean diesel projects are projected by EPA to generate health benefits worth up to $8.2

2013 212

California ARB releases proposed strategy to reduce impact of short-lived climate pollutants

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board released a new draft of California’s Short-Lived Climate Pollutant Strategy to significantly reduce the near-term climate impacts of these potent pollutants. Science tells us that making cuts in emissions of these powerful climate pollutants will reduce the near-term impacts of climate change as we phase down fossil fuel carbon dioxide emissions. Methane is the most abundant of the short-lived climate pollutants in California.

2016 150

A New Battery of Tools to Fight Patent Pollution

Green Car Congress

Green automobile technology has a unique history that affects strategies for both navigating “patent pollution” (i.e. The first is “ inter partes review” (IPR), which will be available beginning on September 16, 2012 for any issued patent. IPR is only available nine months after the issuance of a patent, and after the completion of any “post grant review” of the patent filed by another (described below). Perspective by David K.S. Cornwell and Richard D. Coller, III.

2012 189

OECD: rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society; more should be done to reduce transport emissions

Green Car Congress

Deaths from outdoor air pollution by region in 2005 and 2010. Outdoor air pollution kills some 3.5 This pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated US$3.5 The effects of air pollution on people’s health are much higher than previously thought. In turn, we estimate that the costs of air pollution are higher—and they continue to rise. OECD (2014), “The Cost of Air Pollution: Health Impacts of Road Transport,” OECD Publishing.

2014 189

EPA, NIEHS and HHS launch challenge to develop personal air pollution and health sensors

Green Car Congress

The MAMH challenge offers awards for the development of a personal, portable, near-real-time, location-specific system to monitor and report air pollutants and a person’s physiological response to pollution. Responders to the challenge will propose designs for sensors that can be easily worn or carried, and take into account a known or plausible link between airborne pollutants and health measurements (such as, heart rate and breathing) in certain individuals or communities.