US COVID-19 mitigation efforts resulting in significant decline in traffic, emissions and fuel-tax revenues

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Greenhouse gas emissions reductions from road transportation were down across the United States from early March to early April 2020. (UC Fuel saved, tax revenue lost. Fuel use dropped from 4.6 It also resulted in fuel-tax revenue reductions, which vary by state.

2020 88

UC Davis study: roadkill declines as COVID-19 continues

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Additional recent reports cover the impacts of COVID-19 mitigation on traffic accidents, greenhouse gas emissions and fuel tax revenues.

2020 130

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Motor vehicle taxation brings in €440.4B for governments in major European markets

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The taxes fall into three broad categories: vehicle acquisition (VAT, sales tax, registration tax); ownership (annual circulation tax, road tax); and motoring (fuel tax). The top 5 countries with the highest motor tax revenues are: Germany ?

2020 99

California Governor signs $52B fuel tax and vehicle fee bill for transportation infrastructure; $100 ZEV fee

Green Car Congress

billion over the next decade through an increase in fuel taxes and vehicle fees—including on zero emission vehicles (ZEVs)—to fix roads, freeways and bridges in communities across California and put more dollars toward transit and safety. billion by increasing diesel excise tax 20 cents (currently $0.13) on 1 November 2017. billion by increasing diesel sales tax to 5.75% on 1 November 2017. California Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr.

2017 64

Congressionally-created Commission Recommends Mileage Tax Instead of Fuel Tax for Transportation Infrastructure Financing

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A bi-partisan Congressionally-created commission has recommended a shift from motor fuel taxes to direct fees charged to transportation infrastructure users—i.e., Such a move to a mileage tax does not currently have the support of the White House.

Australia PM Gillard announces carbon pricing plan; transport fuels exempt, but lowered fuel tax credits to bring carbon price to some businesses

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Under the scheme, around 500 of the largest emitters in Australia—facilities that have direct greenhouse gas emissions of 25,000 tonnes of CO 2 -equivalent per year or more (excluding emissions from transport fuels and some synthetic greenhouse gases)—will need to buy and surrender to the Government a permit for every tonne they produce. Gillard said that by 2020, this would cut emissions by some 160 million tonnes per year.

New Zealand simplifies Road User Charges system, extends exemption for light electric motor vehicles from 2013 to 2020

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Since some 36% of diesel is used off-road, such as on farms, by manufacturing, industrial and commercial ventures, and boats, a fuel tax for road use would impose an unfair burden onto these sectors, the government says.). On the other hand, gasoline, CNG and LPG powered vehicles pay for road use through fuel excise duty charged directly on the fuel they use. New Zealand is implementing revenue-neutral changes to its road user charges (RUC) system as of 1 August 2012.

Study finds behavior-influencing policies remain critical for mass market success of low-carbon vehicles

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Policies to entice consumers away from fossil-fuel powered vehicles and normalize low carbon, alternative-fuel alternatives, such as electric vehicles, are vital if the world is to significantly reduce transport sector carbon pure-emissions, according to a new study.

2018 106

Study finds CO2 emissions trading more effective path to automotive CO2 reduction in Europe than tailpipe standards

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The model also includes representation of fleet turnover, and opportunities for fuel use and emissions abatement, including representation of electric vehicles. They found that vehicle emission standards reduce CO 2 emissions from transportation by about 50 MtCO 2 and lower the oil expenditures by about €6 billion, but at a net added cost of €12 billion in 2020. Emissions trading or a carbon tax is going to achieve their emissions goals at the lowest possible cost to society.

2016 76

Belfer Center Study Concludes Reducing Car and Truck GHG Emissions Will Require Substantially Higher Fuel Prices; Income Tax Credits for Advanced Alt Fuel Vehicles Are Essentially Ineffective at Reducing Sector Emissions

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A new study from the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs finds that reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transportation will be a much bigger challenge than many assume, and will require substantially higher fuel prices combined with more stringent regulations. Direct transportation (fuel) taxes generate the greatest reductions in CO 2 emission from transportation, achieving CO 2 emissions at 86% of 2005 levels by about 2025.

2010 77

Next 10 report finds California will meet or exceed original target of 1.5M ZEVs by 2025

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Studies show that California will need 125,000 to 220,000 charging ports from private and public sources by 2020 in order to provide adequate infrastructure. The growth of ZEVs represents a potential drain on motor vehicle fuel taxes, which could affect state transportation revenue.

2018 73

IEA technology and policy reports outline paths to halving fuel used for combustion-engined road transport in less than 40 years

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IEA fuel economy readiness index status, 2010. New propulsion systems requiring new fuels, such as plug-in electric vehicle systems and fuel cell systems, are beyond the scope of this technology roadmap and are treated in separate roadmaps. Engines Fuel Efficiency Policy

2012 106

Vaillant and Honda present home combined heat and power system for Europe

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The aim of this act is to increase the electricity ratio of heat-power cogeneration in Germany from current levels (around 15%) to 25% by 2020. euro cents per kilowatt hour) and will also be free from electricity tax for an unlimited period. In addition, system users also benefit from a refund of the fuel tax for the natural gas used and the charges for using the grid.

2011 80

Study concludes significant additional transport policy interventions will be required for Europe to meet its GHG reduction goal

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The EU has also made a commitment to reduce emissions in sectors outside the EU ETS, including transportation, by 10% on year-2005 levels by 2020. R&D as above plus carbon tax applied from 2015, and increased over 10 years to a maximum value of €100/t (US$131) CO 2.

2012 93

Obama climate plan calls for new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018; cleaner fuels and investment in advanced fossil energy

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Among the transportation-related elements of US President Barack Obama’s new climate action plan, which he is outlining today in a speech at Georgetown University, is the development of new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018. In 2011, the Obama Administration finalized the first fuel economy standards for Model Year 2014-2018 for medium- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, and vans. of greenhouse gas emissions to 3% by 2020.

2013 84

Switching to electric cars ‘could increase emissions’

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The report found that whilst there were significant potential environmental benefits to be had from a switch to electric vehicles, these were wholly dependent on changes in the way electricity was generated, energy taxed and CO2 emissions regulated. The most certain way to promote electric-powered transport is to tighten long-term CO2 standards for cars to 80 g/km by 2020 and 60 g/km by 2025 whilst at the same time increasing fuel taxes.

2009 70

California ARB mods to ZEV regulations for IVMs would result in ~1.9% drop in total ZEV/TZEV units 2018-2025; no impact on air quality requirements

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Europe has gasoline taxes over $4 per gallon and still finds the need to adopt aggressive performance standards for cars to reduce GHGs and oil use. California is leading the way with policies that address three critical elements of the transportation system: vehicles, fuels, and mobility.

2014 113

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Releases Roadmap Report on Achieving 50% Fuel Economy Improvement in LDV Fleet by 2050

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The International Energy Agency (IEA) has estimated that fuel consumption and emissions of CO 2 from the world’s cars will roughly double between 2000 and 2050. Worldwide, cars currently account for close to half of the transport sector’s fuel consumption and CO 2 emissions.

2009 78

CEPS task force report identifies tightening emissions standards as key policy to hit EU 60% reduction in transport GHG; full life-cycle emissions optimal metric

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The report argues that the biggest component of total transport reductions could come from more energy-efficient vehicles, combined with the gradual introduction of low-carbon fuels and new engine technologies. The steady tightening of standards will first incentivize combustion efficiency and in parallel speed up the deployment of new low-carbon technologies and fuels, such as vehicles running on low-carbon electricity, hydrogen, compressed natural gas or sustainable biofuels.

2013 74

Study Finds That CO2 Standards for Vehicles Can Reduce Price of Oil

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By working out that the price of oil will fall when the EU’s regulations fully take effect, the study suggests that the European economic benefits of fuel efficiency have been underestimated, in general by up to 17%, according to T&E. The dangerous part is with the price of oil likely to drop, demand for fuel will go up. 2012 objective plus a 95 g/km target for 2020 in the EU27. and 1.25 (1.2% - 1.3%) by 2020 and 2030, respectively.

2009 60

National Research Council Report Explores Improving Fuel Economy of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles; Recommends Immediately Beginning Developing a Regulatory Approach

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Comparison of 2015-2020 new vehicle potential fuel-saving technologies for seven vehicle types: tractor trailer (TT), Class 3-6 box (box), Class 3-6 bucket (bucket), Class 8 refuse (refuse), transit bus (bus), motor coach (coach), and Class 2b pickups and vans (2b).

2010 93

MIT Energy Initiative report on transforming the US transportation system by 2050 to address climate challenges

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There are many options available for reducing the fuel, energy, and GHG emissions impacts of LDVs. Achieving our overall goal—reducing fleet fuel and energy consumption and GHGs by three-quarters or more—will be extremely challenging.

2016 85