US COVID-19 mitigation efforts resulting in significant decline in traffic, emissions and fuel-tax revenues

Green Car Congress

Greenhouse gas emissions reductions from road transportation were down across the United States from early March to early April 2020. (UC Fuel saved, tax revenue lost. Fuel use dropped from 4.6 It also resulted in fuel-tax revenue reductions, which vary by state.

2020 69

California reduces tax on dimethyl ether (DME) fuel to be consistent with other alternative fuels; enabling retail sales

Green Car Congress

The California state legislature passed and the Governor signed into law a bill ( AB-2663 ) that lowers the Use Fuel Tax rate of dimethyl ether (DME) from $0.18 per gallon of DME-propane fuel blend used on or after 1 July 2021 (the same tax rate as propane, $0.06

2020 92

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UC Davis study: roadkill declines as COVID-19 continues

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Additional recent reports cover the impacts of COVID-19 mitigation on traffic accidents, greenhouse gas emissions and fuel tax revenues. Fewer wild animals, including threatened mountain lions, are becoming roadkill during shelter-in-place orders, according to a study on three states from the University of California, Davis.

2020 102

NJ boosts gasoline tax 22.5% to $0.507/gallon effective 1 October, diesel to $0.577

Green Car Congress

New Jersey’s Department of the Treasury announced on Friday that lower fuel consumption trends, which have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, will necessitate a gas tax increase of $0.093 per gallon in order to ensure compliance with the 2016 law that requires a steady stream of revenue to support the state’s Transportation Trust Fund (TTF) program. The increase brings the gasoline tax from $0.414 to $0.507 per gallon (22.5%). Fuels Market Background Regulations

2020 69

Motor vehicle taxation brings in €440.4B for governments in major European markets

Green Car Congress

The taxes fall into three broad categories: vehicle acquisition (VAT, sales tax, registration tax); ownership (annual circulation tax, road tax); and motoring (fuel tax). Motor tax revenues collected by governments have increased by almost 3% compared to the previous year, and the grand total of €440.4 The top 5 countries with the highest motor tax revenues are: Germany ? Most countries grant only tax reductions or exemptions.

2020 78

California Governor signs $52B fuel tax and vehicle fee bill for transportation infrastructure; $100 ZEV fee

Green Car Congress

billion over the next decade through an increase in fuel taxes and vehicle fees—including on zero emission vehicles (ZEVs)—to fix roads, freeways and bridges in communities across California and put more dollars toward transit and safety. billion by increasing diesel excise tax 20 cents (currently $0.13) on 1 November 2017. billion by increasing diesel sales tax to 5.75% on 1 November 2017. California Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr.

2017 65

Congressionally-created Commission Recommends Mileage Tax Instead of Fuel Tax for Transportation Infrastructure Financing

Green Car Congress

A bi-partisan Congressionally-created commission has recommended a shift from motor fuel taxes to direct fees charged to transportation infrastructure users—i.e., In order to support the transition from the gas tax to a mileage-based charge, the Financing Commission recommends a ten cent per gallon increase in the federal gas tax (15 cents for diesel) and indexing the tax to inflation going forward.

New Zealand simplifies Road User Charges system, extends exemption for light electric motor vehicles from 2013 to 2020

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Since some 36% of diesel is used off-road, such as on farms, by manufacturing, industrial and commercial ventures, and boats, a fuel tax for road use would impose an unfair burden onto these sectors, the government says.). On the other hand, gasoline, CNG and LPG powered vehicles pay for road use through fuel excise duty charged directly on the fuel they use. New Zealand is implementing revenue-neutral changes to its road user charges (RUC) system as of 1 August 2012.

Study finds CO2 emissions trading more effective path to automotive CO2 reduction in Europe than tailpipe standards

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The model also includes representation of fleet turnover, and opportunities for fuel use and emissions abatement, including representation of electric vehicles. They found that vehicle emission standards reduce CO 2 emissions from transportation by about 50 MtCO 2 and lower the oil expenditures by about €6 billion, but at a net added cost of €12 billion in 2020. Emissions trading or a carbon tax is going to achieve their emissions goals at the lowest possible cost to society.

2016 78

BCG study finds conventional automotive technologies have high CO2 reduction potential at lower cost; stiff competition for electric cars

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Conventional automotive technologies have significant emission-reduction potential, according to a draft of the Boston Consulting Group’s (BCG) latest report on automotive propulsion, Powering Autos to 2020. —“Powering Autos to 2020” (draft). Total cost of ownership economics for electric cars will also be significantly influenced by government incentives and fuel and electricity prices. —“Powering Autos to 2020” (draft).

2011 85

Study finds behavior-influencing policies remain critical for mass market success of low-carbon vehicles

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Policies to entice consumers away from fossil-fuel powered vehicles and normalize low carbon, alternative-fuel alternatives, such as electric vehicles, are vital if the world is to significantly reduce transport sector carbon pure-emissions, according to a new study. More than 90% of such vehicles are powered by internal combustion engines burning oil-derived fuels. However, carbon taxes can be critical in pushing electricity providers to decarbonize their operations.

2018 81

Belfer Center Study Concludes Reducing Car and Truck GHG Emissions Will Require Substantially Higher Fuel Prices; Income Tax Credits for Advanced Alt Fuel Vehicles Are Essentially Ineffective at Reducing Sector Emissions

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A new study from the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs finds that reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transportation will be a much bigger challenge than many assume, and will require substantially higher fuel prices combined with more stringent regulations. Direct transportation (fuel) taxes generate the greatest reductions in CO 2 emission from transportation, achieving CO 2 emissions at 86% of 2005 levels by about 2025.

2010 78

Next 10 report finds California will meet or exceed original target of 1.5M ZEVs by 2025

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Studies show that California will need 125,000 to 220,000 charging ports from private and public sources by 2020 in order to provide adequate infrastructure. The growth of ZEVs represents a potential drain on motor vehicle fuel taxes, which could affect state transportation revenue.

2018 73

Vaillant and Honda present home combined heat and power system for Europe

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The aim of this act is to increase the electricity ratio of heat-power cogeneration in Germany from current levels (around 15%) to 25% by 2020. euro cents per kilowatt hour) and will also be free from electricity tax for an unlimited period. In addition, system users also benefit from a refund of the fuel tax for the natural gas used and the charges for using the grid.

2011 81

IEA technology and policy reports outline paths to halving fuel used for combustion-engined road transport in less than 40 years

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IEA fuel economy readiness index status, 2010. Two new reports—one on technology, the other on policy— released by the International Energy Agency (IEA) outline pathways to improve the fuel efficiency of combustion-engined road vehicles by 50% by the middle of the century, saving as much as four-fifths of current annual global oil consumption. Average fuel economy and new vehicles registrations, 2005 and 2008. Increase international collaboration on fuel economy.

2012 83

Obama climate plan calls for new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018; cleaner fuels and investment in advanced fossil energy

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Among the transportation-related elements of US President Barack Obama’s new climate action plan, which he is outlining today in a speech at Georgetown University, is the development of new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018. In 2011, the Obama Administration finalized the first fuel economy standards for Model Year 2014-2018 for medium- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, and vans. of greenhouse gas emissions to 3% by 2020.

2013 86

Switching to electric cars ‘could increase emissions’

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The report found that whilst there were significant potential environmental benefits to be had from a switch to electric vehicles, these were wholly dependent on changes in the way electricity was generated, energy taxed and CO2 emissions regulated. The most certain way to promote electric-powered transport is to tighten long-term CO2 standards for cars to 80 g/km by 2020 and 60 g/km by 2025 whilst at the same time increasing fuel taxes.

2009 70

CEPS task force report identifies tightening emissions standards as key policy to hit EU 60% reduction in transport GHG; full life-cycle emissions optimal metric

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The report argues that the biggest component of total transport reductions could come from more energy-efficient vehicles, combined with the gradual introduction of low-carbon fuels and new engine technologies. The steady tightening of standards will first incentivize combustion efficiency and in parallel speed up the deployment of new low-carbon technologies and fuels, such as vehicles running on low-carbon electricity, hydrogen, compressed natural gas or sustainable biofuels.

2013 76

Study concludes significant additional transport policy interventions will be required for Europe to meet its GHG reduction goal

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The EU has also made a commitment to reduce emissions in sectors outside the EU ETS, including transportation, by 10% on year-2005 levels by 2020. They estimated the number of new vehicles required and the adoption of new technologies and fuels based on their availability and cost effectiveness under projected scenario variables such as fuel price. R&D as above plus carbon tax applied from 2015, and increased over 10 years to a maximum value of €100/t (US$131) CO 2.

2012 73

Study Finds That CO2 Standards for Vehicles Can Reduce Price of Oil

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By working out that the price of oil will fall when the EU’s regulations fully take effect, the study suggests that the European economic benefits of fuel efficiency have been underestimated, in general by up to 17%, according to T&E. The dangerous part is with the price of oil likely to drop, demand for fuel will go up. 2012 objective plus a 95 g/km target for 2020 in the EU27. and 1.25 (1.2% - 1.3%) by 2020 and 2030, respectively.

2009 60

California ARB mods to ZEV regulations for IVMs would result in ~1.9% drop in total ZEV/TZEV units 2018-2025; no impact on air quality requirements

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ARB staff estimated the proposed modifications could reduce total California deliveries of ZEVs (fuel cell and battery-electric vehicles) and TZEVs (Transition Zero Emission Vehicles, i.e., plug-in hybrids) by a total of about 26,000 units in the 2018 through 2025 timeframe out of the originally estimated 1,400,000 ZEVs and TZEVs for that period under the current regulation—i.e., The global revenue test is only available to IVMs for the 2018 through 2020 model years.

2014 88

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Releases Roadmap Report on Achieving 50% Fuel Economy Improvement in LDV Fleet by 2050

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The Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI)—a collaboration between the FIA Foundation, International Energy Agency, International Transport Forum and United Nations Environment Programme ( earlier post )—released a report describing a roadmap and initial action plan to achieve a 50% improvement in fuel economy in the global light duty vehicle fleet by 2050. Worldwide, cars currently account for close to half of the transport sector’s fuel consumption and CO 2 emissions.

2009 60

National Research Council Report Explores Improving Fuel Economy of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles; Recommends Immediately Beginning Developing a Regulatory Approach

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Comparison of 2015-2020 new vehicle potential fuel-saving technologies for seven vehicle types: tractor trailer (TT), Class 3-6 box (box), Class 3-6 bucket (bucket), Class 8 refuse (refuse), transit bus (bus), motor coach (coach), and Class 2b pickups and vans (2b). The report also recommends approaches that federal agencies could use to regulate these vehicles’ fuel consumption. This is called load-specific fuel consumption (LSFC).

2010 73

MIT Energy Initiative report on transforming the US transportation system by 2050 to address climate challenges

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A new MIT Energy Initiative report spearheaded by John Heywood, Sun Jae Professor of Mechanical Engineering Emeritus at MIT, identifies three important paths forward reducing light-duty vehicle energy use and greenhouse gas emissions: improve the existing system and technologies for shorter-term benefits; conserve fuel by changing driver habits for nearer- to longer-term benefits; and transform the transportation system into one that is radically less carbon-intensive for longer-term benefits.

2016 65