How Hard Is Lithium-Air Battery Research? Pretty Tough, Actually

Green Car Reports

It''s hard to keep track of all the future battery technology candidates, but lithium-air battery technology is among the most widely-researched. Its biggest draw is the potential to store three times the energy in batteries the same size and weight of today''s electric vehicles--providing huge increases in range.

OSU team demonstrates concept of potassium-air battery as alternative to lithium-air systems

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Researchers at Ohio State University (OSU) have demonstrated the concept of a potassium-air (K?O V), which renders the system with a low round-trip energy efficiency around 60%. Potassium, an alkali metal similar to lithium (and sodium) can be used in a rechargeable battery. In a 2004 paper published in the Journal of Power Sources , Ali Eftekhari noted that “ the potential of the potassium anode and lithium anode are approximately the same with only a 0.12V difference.

2013 262
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AIST Developing New Lithium-Air Battery; Lithium Fuel Cell

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Long-term discharge curve of the newly developed lithium-air cell. Researchers at Japan’s AIST (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology) are developing a lithium-air cell with a new structure (a set of three different electrolytes) to avoid degradation and performance problems of conventional lithium-air cells. If the air electrode is fully clogged, O 2 from atmosphere cannot be reduced any more.

Volkswagen To Triple Battery Capacity With Lithium-Air Technology?

Green Car Reports

So far, scientists have struggled to find batteries for electric cars that match the huge amounts of energy stored in a gallon of gasoline or diesel. Fossil fuels may not be the cleanest way of powering us between two points on a map, but there''s little doubt they offer convenience. As a result we get big, heavy batteries with relatively short

Researchers Develop Solid-State, Rechargeable Lithium-Air Battery; Potential to Exceed 1,000 Wh/kg

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Sample UDRI solid-state, rechargeable lithium-air batteries, and Dr. Binod Kumar. Engineers at the University of Dayton Research Institute (UDRI) have developed a solid-state, rechargeable lithium-air battery. When fully developed, the battery could exceed specific energies of 1,000 Wh/kg in practical applications, the researchers wrote in a paper published online 13 November in the Journal of the Electrochemical Society.

2009 241

Researchers directly visualize formation and disappearance of Li-O2 reaction products; insights to support development of rechargeable lithium-air batteries

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air (Li-O 2 ) battery represents a conceptually attractive energy storage device for electric vehicle applications due to its high theoretical energy storage capacity ( earlier post ); however, among the obstacles to commercialization is a lack of fundamental understanding of the reactions involved. This study showed that using metal oxides as the oxygen electrode could potentially enable a lithium-air battery to maintain its performance over many cycles of operation.

2012 218

Argonne National Labs Ramping Up Lithium-Air Research and Development; Li-ion as EV Bridge Technology

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A Li-air cell. Argonne National Laboratory, which has contributed heavily to the research and development of Li-ion battery technology, is now pursuing research into Lithium-air batteries. Li-air batteries use a catalytic air cathode that converts oxygen to lithium peroxide; an electrolyte; and a lithium anode. Li-air batteries have both scientific and engineering challenges that need to be addressed. Solid electrolyte for lithium-air.

2009 236

MIT Researchers Report Progress on Catalyst Development for Lithium-Air Batteries

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A team of researchers at MIT led by Professor Yang Shao-Horn have found that gold-carbon (Au/C) and platinum-carbon (Pt/C) catalysts have a strong influence on the charge and discharge voltages of rechargeable lithium-air (Li-O 2 ) batteries, and thus enable a higher efficiency than simple carbon electrodes in these batteries. Many groups are pursuing work on lithium-air batteries, a technology that could deliver a significant increase in energy density over lithium-ion batteries.

2010 193

IBM Almaden Lab Exploring Lithium-Air Batteries for Next-Generation Energy Storage

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General schematic of a lithium-air battery. Leveraging expertise in materials science, nanotechnology, green chemistry and supercomputing, scientists at IBM Research’s Almaden lab in San Jose, California, are undertaking a multi-year research initiative around a grid-scale, efficient, affordable electrical energy storage network. The team plans to explore rechargeable Lithium-Air systems, which could offer 10 times the energy capacity of lithium-ion systems.

2009 150

UK Researchers Developing Rechargeable Lithium-Air Battery; Up to 10X the Capacity of Current Li-ion Cells

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Diagram of the STAIR (St Andrews Air) cell. Oxygen drawn from the air reacts within the porous carbon to release the electrical charge in this lithium-air battery. Researchers in the UK are developing a rechargeable lithium-air battery that could deliver a ten-fold increase in energy capacity compared to that of currently available lithium-ion cells.

2009 223

Report: VW Group to decide how to proceed with Quantumscape solid state energy storage by July

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Bloomberg reports that the Volkswagen Group will decide by July how to proceed with solid state energy storage technology under development by Quantumscape ( earlier post) , citing Prof. The All-Electron Battery stores energy by moving electrons, rather than ions, and uses electron/hole redox instead of capacitive polarization of a double-layer. US Patent Applications Nº 20150044581: Solid State Lithium-Air Based Battery Cell.

2015 251

BioSolar begins development of high-energy anode technology

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BioSolar, a developer of energy storage technology and materials, has begun development of a high energy anode for current- and next-generation lithium batteries. BioSolar’s cathode technology, which has been the primary focus of its university-led research and development efforts, is a novel conductive polymer material that leverages fast redox-reaction properties rather than conventional lithium-ion intercalation chemistry to enable rapid charge and discharge.

2016 193

Jülich, ORNL researchers advance high energy density iron-air batteries

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In a new study published in the journal Nano Energy, researchers from Forschungszentrum Jülich in Germany and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provide in-depth insight into the electrochemically induced surface reaction processes on iron anodes in concentrated alkaline electrolyte in iron-air batteries. Iron–air batteries are thus particularly interesting for a multitude of mobile applications in which space requirements play a large role.

2017 163

U Waterloo team shows four-electron conversion for Li-O2 batteries for high energy density; inorganic molten salt electrolyte, high temperature

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Chemists from the University of Waterloo have successfully resolved two of the most challenging issues surrounding lithium-oxygen batteries, and in the process created a working battery with near 100% coulombic efficiency. The new work, published in Science , shows that four-electron conversion for lithium-oxygen electrochemistry is highly reversible. A) Gibbs reaction energy for formation of Li 2 O and Li 2 O 2 as a function of temperature.

MIT team synthesizes all carbon nanofiber electrodes for high-energy rechargeable Li-air batteries

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Gravimetric Ragone plot comparing energy and power characteristics of CNF electrodes based on the pristine and discharged electrode weight with that of LiCoO 2. This translates to an energy enhancement ~4 times greater than the state-of-the-art lithium intercalation compounds such as LiCoO 2 (~600 W h kg electrode -1 , the researchers said. They report on their study in a paper published in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science. Energy Environ.

2011 228

Ford favoring bulk-type solid-state battery for next-gen energy storage

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Ford is exploring a variety of “beyond Li-ion” solutions, including Lithium-sulfur, Lithium-air and solid-state lithium-ion batteries. Of those, Ford is currently favoring a solid-state solution for several reasons, among them the better volumetric energy density this approach offers, said Ford engineer Venkat Anandan in a presentation at SAE WCX 17 in Detroit this week. A Li-air battery, with its air cathode, is a low-cost system, Anandan said.

2017 174

GWU researchers introduce new class of molten air batteries; significantly greater energy capacity than Li-air

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Generalized form of the molten air battery. Researchers at George Washington University led by Dr. Stuart Licht have introduced the principles of a new class rechargeable molten air batteries that offer amongst the highest intrinsic electric energy storage capabilities. In a paper just accepted and published online by the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science , Licht and his colleagues show three examples of the new battery’s electron transfer chemistry.

2013 254

AIST team developing Li-air capacitor-battery targeted for EVs

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A team from Japan’s AIST (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology) reports on the development of a “lithiumair capacitor–battery based on a hybrid electrolyte” in a paper in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science. As reported then, the lithium-air cell showed a continuous cathode discharge capacity of 50,000 mAh g -1 (per unit mass of the carbon, catalyst and binder). Energy Environ.

2011 216

Argonne-led team demonstrates Li-air battery based on lithium superoxide; up to 5x Li-ion energy density

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Researchers from Argonne National Laboratory, with colleagues in the US and Korea, have demonstrated a lithium-oxygen battery based on lithium superoxide (LiO 2 ). The work, reported in the journal Nature , could open the way to very high-energy-density batteries based on LiO 2 as well as to other possible uses of the compound, such as oxygen storage. This remains a core challenge that needs to be overcome for the viable commercialization of Li-air technology.

2016 183

Bio Batteries: Researchers Use Viruses To Improve Electric-Car Energy Storage (Video)

Green Car Reports

Researchers at MIT say that a benign virus could be the next step in improving lithium-air battery technology. Viruses typically have negative connotations--think seasonal flu or malicious files sent to your computer--but biological technology is an increasingly important research topic and one that could play a large part in our future. In this

2013 87

NYSERDA Commits $8M to Develop and Commercialize 19 New York Battery and Energy-Storage Technology Projects

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The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) will award $8 million to help develop or commercialize 19 advanced energy storage projects. The awards are being made to companies and universities across New York that are involved in advanced research and development of energy storage applications that could benefit transportation, utility Smart Grid applications, renewable energy technologies, and other industries.

2010 193

JRC assesses EU RD&D investments in electric-drive vehicles; controls and energy storage top the list

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Controls and energy storage top the list. The greatest amount of investment is related to, in order of funding, controls; energy storage; vehicle body and architecture; and electric motors. Academia and research partners are very strongly involved in energy storage related projects, indicating a large bias towards more fundamental research activities for future energy storage solutions that are investigated in publicly funded R & D projects in the field.

2013 188

3 winners of DOE’s “America’s Next Top Energy Innovator” Challenge: hydrogen-assisted lean-burn engines, graphene for Li-air and -sulfur batteries, and titanium process

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US Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced three winning startup companies—based on a public vote and an expert review—out of the 14 participating in the US Department of Energy (DOE) “ America’s Next Top Energy Innovator ” challenge. Umpqua Energy’s EVOPAC system combines an advanced hydrogen-injection system using a plasma reformer with a DeNOx Catalyst.

2012 235

Univ. of Western Ontario researchers develop graphene nanosheet electrodes with high energy capacity for non-aqueous Li-air batteries

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Discharge–charge performance of lithium-oxygen batteries with (a) GNSs, (b) BP-2000, and (c) Vulcan XC-72 cathodes at a current density of 75 mA g -1. Researchers from the Nanomaterials and Energy Group at the University of Western Ontario, Canada, report the development of graphene nanosheet (GNS) cathode materials for non-aqueous lithium-oxygen (Li-air) batteries that show a capacity of 8,705.9

2011 181

New aqueous rechargeable lithium battery shows good safety, high reliability, high energy density and low cost; another post Li-ion alternative

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Schematic illustration of the aqueous rechargeable lithium battery (ARLB) using the coated lithium metal as anode, LiMn 2 O 4 as cathode and 0.5 Researchers from Fudan University in China and Technische Universität Chemnitz in Germany have developed an aqueous rechargeable lithium battery (ARLB) using coated Li metal as the anode. If anode materials of lower redox potentials can be stable in aqueous electrolytes, high energy density systems will be feasible.

2013 236

Research team demonstrates Li-air battery capable of long cycle life

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A team from Hanyang University (Korea) and University of Rome Sapienza (Italy) have demonstrated a lithiumair battery capable of operating over many cycles with capacity and rate values as high as 5,000 mAh g carbon ?1 Hun-Gi Jung, Jusef Hassoun, Jin-Bum Park, Yang-Kook Sun & Bruno Scrosati (2012) An improved high-performance lithiumair battery.

2012 266

Dow Energy Materials showcases current Li-ion cathode, anode and electrolyte systems at EVS26; layered-layered NMC cathode and Si anode materials under development

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Dow Energy Materials (DEM), a business unit of The Dow Chemical Company formed in 2010 to focus on the development of advanced battery systems (cathode, anode, electrolyte) presented a poster on its current coated graphite anode and coated NMC cathode and a second poster on its high voltage ethylmethoxyethyl sulfone electrolyte at the 26 th International Electric Vehicle Symposium (EVS26) in Los Angeles. Dow coated NMC cathode materials. Click to enlarge.

2012 202

Team at Naval Research Laboratory suggests design direction for structural batteries

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Cell-level specific-energy values versus corresponding elastic moduli of reported structural batteries, numbered by their references. By storing energy and bearing mechanical loads, structural batteries reduce the amount of conventional structural materials required by devices.

2020 224

MIT electrolyte enables ultra-high voltage Ni-rich cathodes in Li-metal batteries

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V in lithium-metal batteries (LMBs). In a paper in the journal Nature Energy , the MIT team reports that a lithium-metal battery with the electrolyte delivers a specific capacity of >230?mAh?g V lithium-metal battery can retain >88% capacity for 90 cycles.

MIT 252

DOE awards $60M to 24 R&D projects to accelerate advancements in zero-emissions vehicles

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) is awarding $60 million to 24 research and development projects aimed at reducing carbon dioxide emissions from passenger cars and light- and heavy-duty trucks. (DE-FOA-0002420) Transportation accounts for approximately 30% of total US energy needs and generates the largest share of the country’s greenhouse gas emissions. Novel Organosulfur-Based Electrolytes for Safe Operation of High Voltage Lithium-ion Batteries Over a Wide Operating Temperature.

The Net-Zero Neighborhood: Advanced Energy Storage and Highly Efficient Photovoltaics Take Transportation Off the Gasoline Grid and Residential Off the Electric Grid

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The NZN concept relies on high energy density storage systems incorporated into the local grid, as well as efficient photovoltaic generation. In a special presentation yesterday at the “ Beyond Lithium Ion: Computational Perspectives ” conference held at Argonne National Laboratory, Dr. Gil Weigand of Oak Ridge National Laboratory outlined his vision of a critical solution to the energy, climate and ensuing national security threats facing the US: the Net-Zero Neighborhood (NZN).

2010 231

Drawing a Li-air cathode with a pencil

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Scientists at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology in Japan have made an electrode for a lithium-air battery using a pencil. Haoshen Zhou and Yonggang Wang designed a battery in which the lithium is encapsulated by an organic electrolyte topped with a ceramic protection layer. Lithium-air batteries have the potential to produce enough energy to power an electric vehicle, but the amount of energy is a safety concern.

2011 188

University of Münster team reviews battery cost forecasts, provides consolidated view

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A team at the University of Münster has reviewed 53 studies that provide time- or technology-specific cost estimates for lithium-ion, solid-state, lithium–sulfur and lithiumair batteries among more than 2,000 publications related to the topic.

Asahi Kasei and Central Glass join IBM Li-air Battery 500 project; membranes and electrolytes

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Four different architectures of Li-air batteries, which all assume the use of lithium metal as the anode. Asahi Kasei and Central Glass will join IBM’s Battery 500 Project team to collaborate on far-reaching research to develop practical Lithium-air batteries capable of powering a family-sized electric car for approximately 500 miles (800 km) on a single charge—i.e., Wilcke (2010) Lithium-Air Battery: Promise and Challenges.

2012 207

PNNL team uncovers reaction mechanisms of Li-air batteries; how batteries blow bubbles

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Lithium-air batteries are looked to by many as a very high-energy density next-generation energy storage solution for electric vehicles. However, the technology has several holdups, including losing energy as it stores and releases its charge.The reaction mechanisms are, in general, not well understood. One reaction that hasn’t been fully explained is how oxygen blows bubbles inside a lithium-air battery when it discharges.

2017 150

PolyPlus and SK enter into joint development agreement for glass-protected lithium-metal battery

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Korea’s first and largest energy and chemical company. The collaboration is focused on PolyPlus’ solid-state lithium anode laminate that has the potential to double the energy density and cycle life of rechargeable batteries. The initial goal is to produce and to test prototype cells to demonstrate increased volumetric and gravimetric energy density and cycle life relative to existing Li-ion cells.

2019 195

Mie University team working on aqueous li-air batteries; 300 Wh/kg

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Researchers at Mie University in Japan have developed a new protected lithium electrode for aqueous lithium/air rechargeable batteries. Lead researcher Nobuyuki Imanishi said that the system has a practical energy density of more than 300 Wh/kg, about twice that of many commercial lithium-ion batteries. Lithium/air rechargeable batteries are attracting great attention, because of a possibility to achieve energy density which is comparable to combustion engines.

2014 206

NSF to award $13M to projects focused on electrochemical and organic photovoltaic systems

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The US National Science Foundation (NSF) will award more than $13 million to projects in the Energy for Sustainability program. The goal of the Energy for Sustainability program is to support fundamental engineering research that will enable innovative processes for the sustainable production of electricity and fuels, and for energy storage. The focus of this funding opportunity ( PD-17-7644 ) is on electrochemical energy systems and organic photovoltaics.

2017 162

DOE Awards 24M Hours of Supercomputing Time to Investigate Materials for Li-Air Batteries

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded 24 million hours of supercomputing time to investigate materials for developing lithium air batteries, capable of powering a car for 500 miles on a single charge. Using the Li-air award, a research team including scientists from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory and IBM will use two of the world’s most powerful supercomputers to design new materials required for a lithium-air battery.

2010 193

MIT team provides insight into OER reaction in Li-air batteries to help improve performance

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Studying the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in lithium-air batteries using first-principles calculations, researchers at MIT led by Dr. Gerbrand Ceder conclude in a paper published in the American Physical Society’s journal Physical Review B that the low charging rate and high overpotential of Li-air batteries is probably caused by the poor kinetics for the OER. Although lithium-air batteries—with high theoretical specific energies of up to ?3400

2011 198

Cost-effective catalysts for metal-air battery

Electric Vehicles India

Cost-effective catalysts for metal-air battery. The Union Ministry of Science & Technology said that the ARCI has developed cost-effective catalysts for a metal-air battery that will help to decrease cost and increase the efficiency of metal-air batteries.

MIT, Toyota team clarifies role of iodide in Li-air batteries

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Lithium-air (or lithium-oxygen) batteries potentially could offer three times the gravimetric energy of current Li-ion batteries (3500 Wh/kg at the cell level); as such, they are looked to a potential solution for long-range EVs. Now, researchers from MIT, with a colleague from Toyota Motor Europe’s R&D group, have carried out detailed tests that seem to resolve the questions surrounding one promising material for such batteries: lithium iodide (LiI).

2017 183

New nanolithia cathodes may address technical drawbacks of Li-air batteries; scalable, cheap and safer Li-air battery system

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An international team from MIT, Argonne National Laboratory and Peking University has demonstrated a lab-scale proof-of-concept of a new type of cathode for Li-air batteries that could overcome the current drawbacks to the technology, including a high potential gap (>1.2 V) In a new concept for battery cathodes, nanometer-scale particles made of lithium and oxygen compounds (depicted in red and white) are embedded in a sponge-like lattice (yellow) of cobalt oxide, which keeps them stable.

2016 163