How Hard Is Lithium-Air Battery Research? Pretty Tough, Actually

Green Car Reports

It''s hard to keep track of all the future battery technology candidates, but lithium-air battery technology is among the most widely-researched. Its biggest draw is the potential to store three times the energy in batteries the same size and weight of today''s electric vehicles--providing huge increases in range.

Volkswagen To Triple Battery Capacity With Lithium-Air Technology?

Green Car Reports

So far, scientists have struggled to find batteries for electric cars that match the huge amounts of energy stored in a gallon of gasoline or diesel. Fossil fuels may not be the cleanest way of powering us between two points on a map, but there''s little doubt they offer convenience. As a result we get big, heavy batteries with relatively short

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IBM Almaden Lab Exploring Lithium-Air Batteries for Next-Generation Energy Storage

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General schematic of a lithium-air battery. Leveraging expertise in materials science, nanotechnology, green chemistry and supercomputing, scientists at IBM Research’s Almaden lab in San Jose, California, are undertaking a multi-year research initiative around a grid-scale, efficient, affordable electrical energy storage network. The team plans to explore rechargeable Lithium-Air systems, which could offer 10 times the energy capacity of lithium-ion systems.

2009 150

UK Researchers Developing Rechargeable Lithium-Air Battery; Up to 10X the Capacity of Current Li-ion Cells

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Diagram of the STAIR (St Andrews Air) cell. Oxygen drawn from the air reacts within the porous carbon to release the electrical charge in this lithium-air battery. Researchers in the UK are developing a rechargeable lithium-air battery that could deliver a ten-fold increase in energy capacity compared to that of currently available lithium-ion cells.

2009 221

Report: VW Group to decide how to proceed with Quantumscape solid state energy storage by July

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Bloomberg reports that the Volkswagen Group will decide by July how to proceed with solid state energy storage technology under development by Quantumscape ( earlier post) , citing Prof. The All-Electron Battery stores energy by moving electrons, rather than ions, and uses electron/hole redox instead of capacitive polarization of a double-layer. US Patent Applications Nº 20150044581: Solid State Lithium-Air Based Battery Cell.

2015 249

U Waterloo team shows four-electron conversion for Li-O2 batteries for high energy density; inorganic molten salt electrolyte, high temperature

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Chemists from the University of Waterloo have successfully resolved two of the most challenging issues surrounding lithium-oxygen batteries, and in the process created a working battery with near 100% coulombic efficiency. The new work, published in Science , shows that four-electron conversion for lithium-oxygen electrochemistry is highly reversible. A) Gibbs reaction energy for formation of Li 2 O and Li 2 O 2 as a function of temperature.

Jülich, ORNL researchers advance high energy density iron-air batteries

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In a new study published in the journal Nano Energy, researchers from Forschungszentrum Jülich in Germany and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provide in-depth insight into the electrochemically induced surface reaction processes on iron anodes in concentrated alkaline electrolyte in iron-air batteries. Iron–air batteries are thus particularly interesting for a multitude of mobile applications in which space requirements play a large role.

2017 163

NYSERDA Commits $8M to Develop and Commercialize 19 New York Battery and Energy-Storage Technology Projects

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The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) will award $8 million to help develop or commercialize 19 advanced energy storage projects. The awards are being made to companies and universities across New York that are involved in advanced research and development of energy storage applications that could benefit transportation, utility Smart Grid applications, renewable energy technologies, and other industries.

2010 191

Team at Naval Research Laboratory suggests design direction for structural batteries

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Cell-level specific-energy values versus corresponding elastic moduli of reported structural batteries, numbered by their references. By storing energy and bearing mechanical loads, structural batteries reduce the amount of conventional structural materials required by devices.

2020 222

PNNL team uncovers reaction mechanisms of Li-air batteries; how batteries blow bubbles

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Lithium-air batteries are looked to by many as a very high-energy density next-generation energy storage solution for electric vehicles. However, the technology has several holdups, including losing energy as it stores and releases its charge.The reaction mechanisms are, in general, not well understood. One reaction that hasn’t been fully explained is how oxygen blows bubbles inside a lithium-air battery when it discharges.

2017 150

DOE Awards 24M Hours of Supercomputing Time to Investigate Materials for Li-Air Batteries

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded 24 million hours of supercomputing time to investigate materials for developing lithium air batteries, capable of powering a car for 500 miles on a single charge. Using the Li-air award, a research team including scientists from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory and IBM will use two of the world’s most powerful supercomputers to design new materials required for a lithium-air battery.

2010 191

New nanolithia cathodes may address technical drawbacks of Li-air batteries; scalable, cheap and safer Li-air battery system

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An international team from MIT, Argonne National Laboratory and Peking University has demonstrated a lab-scale proof-of-concept of a new type of cathode for Li-air batteries that could overcome the current drawbacks to the technology, including a high potential gap (>1.2 V) In a new concept for battery cathodes, nanometer-scale particles made of lithium and oxygen compounds (depicted in red and white) are embedded in a sponge-like lattice (yellow) of cobalt oxide, which keeps them stable.

2016 163

Argonne National Laboratory to Host Beyond Lithium Ion Symposium

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Argonne National Laboratory, near Chicago, will host on 3-4 May 2010 the symposium “ Beyond Lithium Ion: Computational Perspectives ” to discuss research opportunities in electrochemical energy storage, specifically, lithium-air batteries for transportation.

Researchers find synergy between lithium polysulfide and lithium nitrate as electrolyte additives prevent dendrite growth on Li metal anodes

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Yet-Min Chiang (a co-founder of A123 Systems) at MIT, have discovered that a synergetic effect resulting from the addition of both lithium polysulfide and lithium nitrate to ether-based electrolyte prevents dendrite growth on Li-metal anodes and minimizes electrolyte decomposition. The result could greatly improve the safety of next-generation, high energy density batteries. Researchers from SLAC and Stanford led by Prof. Yi Cui, with Prof.

2015 210

China team outlines 5 key areas of future research to realize Li-air batteries

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In an open access paper published in the International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials , researchers from the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences review significant developments and remaining challenges of practical Li–air batteries and the current understanding of their chemistry. The energy density of the lithiumair battery with respect to the anode could reach 13,000 Wh kg ?1

2012 236

St. Andrews team elucidates behavior of carbon cathodes in Li-air batteries; the importance of the synergy between electrode and electrolyte

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Carbon is seen as an attractive potential cathode material for aprotic (non-aqueous) Lithium-air batteries, which are themselves of great interest for applications such as in electric vehicles because of the cells’ high theoretical specific energy. Peter Bruce has further investigated the behavior of carbon as a possible porous cathode for aprotic Li-air cells; a paper on their work is published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.

2012 207

PNNL licenses three technologies via Startup America; batteries, fuel cells and buildings

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The PNNL-developed technologies were made available the on the laboratory’s Available Technologies website as well as on DOE’s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy website, the Energy Innovation Portal. optioned a PNNL-developed method for building titanium oxide and carbon structures that greatly improve the performance of lithium-ion batteries.

2011 207

BASF expanding catalyst and battery R&D site in Ohio with $25M investment; new cathode materials research

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BASF is focused on developing a full suite of advanced cathode and electrolyte solutions for current and next-generation lithium-ion batteries as well as for future battery systems. In addition to developing advanced materials for lithium-ion batteries, BASF is also researching future battery concepts such as lithium-sulfur and lithium-air. BASF is investing $25 million in renovating and expanding its research and development (R&D) facility in Beachwood, Ohio.

2013 179

U-M team uses new technique to provide in-depth understanding of dendrite growth on Li metal anodes

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Lithium-sulfur and lithium air batteries have the potential to store 10 times more energy in the same space as the current state-of-the-art lithium-ion batteries. Dendrites growing in a lithium metal battery. To avoid complicating the problem with a different electrode that would develop its own problems, they studied a battery with two lithium electrodes. Some dendrites broke off and became “dead lithium” floating around in the battery.

2016 179

Researchers Develop Lithium-Water Electrochemical Cell for the Controlled Generation of H2 and Electricity

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Schematic representation and operating principles of the lithium–water electrochemical cell used for hydrogen generation: (1) external circuit and (2) inside of lithium–water electrochemical cell. Scientists from the Energy Technology Research Institute, AIST in Tsukuba, Japan, have developed a lithium-water electrochemical cell for the controlled generation of hydrogen and electricity. Only lithium ions can pass across the LISICON film.

2010 170

ARPA-E Selects 37 Projects for $106M in Funding in Second Round; Electrofuels, Better Batteries and Carbon Capture

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The US Department of Energy is awarding $106 million in funding for 37 research projects selected in the second round by the DOE’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E). ARPA-E’s first solicitation awarded $151 million to 37 projects aimed at transformational innovations in energy storage, biofuels, carbon capture, renewable power, building efficiency, vehicles, and other areas. Better Batteries - Batteries for Electrical Energy Storage in Transportation (BEEST).

2010 212

IBM Almaden Researchers Say Li-Air Batteries Offer Promise for Transition to Electrified Transportation, But Face Challenges and Multi-Decade Development Cycle

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Four different architectures of Li-air batteries, which all assume the use of lithium metal as the anode. IBM and its partners have launched a multi-year research initiative exploring rechargeable Li-air systems: The Battery 500 Project. They will serve as guidelines for the research to be carried out on Li-air systems. The transition to Li-air batteries (if successful) should be viewed in terms of a similar development cycle. Electrical energy efficiency.

2010 205

IBM releases fifth annual Next Five in Five list of near-term significant innovations; personalized routing for commuting/transportation makes the cut

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Also on the list of five is the arrival of advanced batteries, including air batteries (e.g., Lithium air), but targeted initially at small devices. IBM and its partners have launched a multi-year research initiative exploring rechargeable Li-air systems for transportation—The Battery 500 Project ( earlier post )—but are viewing it in terms of a multi-decade development cycle. Batteries will breathe air to power our devices.

2010 185