Lithium Air Batteries for EVs?

Electric Cars are for Girls

Maybe there's something even better for EVs than lithium ion batteries. These have never been very robust, but maybe that's all changing now

Lithium Air Batteries for EVs?

Electric Cars are for Girls

Maybe there's something even better for EVs than lithium ion batteries. These have never been very robust, but maybe that's all changing now


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How Hard Is Lithium-Air Battery Research? Pretty Tough, Actually

Green Car Reports

It''s hard to keep track of all the future battery technology candidates, but lithium-air battery technology is among the most widely-researched. Its biggest draw is the potential to store three times the energy in batteries the same size and weight of today''s electric vehicles--providing huge increases in range. Not that it''s a simple process--and

OSU team demonstrates concept of potassium-air battery as alternative to lithium-air systems

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Ohio State University (OSU) have demonstrated the concept of a potassium-air (K?O Potassium, an alkali metal similar to lithium (and sodium) can be used in a rechargeable battery. In a 2004 paper published in the Journal of Power Sources , Ali Eftekhari noted that “ the potential of the potassium anode and lithium anode are approximately the same with only a 0.12V difference. Voltage curves of the first discharge?charge charge cycle, K?O O 2 battery (0.5

2013 261

AIST Developing New Lithium-Air Battery; Lithium Fuel Cell

Green Car Congress

Long-term discharge curve of the newly developed lithium-air cell. Researchers at Japan’s AIST (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology) are developing a lithium-air cell with a new structure (a set of three different electrolytes) to avoid degradation and performance problems of conventional lithium-air cells. If the air electrode is fully clogged, O 2 from atmosphere cannot be reduced any more.

Volkswagen To Triple Battery Capacity With Lithium-Air Technology?

Green Car Reports

Fossil fuels may not be the cleanest way of powering us between two points on a map, but there''s little doubt they offer convenience. So far, scientists have struggled to find batteries for electric cars that match the huge amounts of energy stored in a gallon of gasoline or diesel. As a result we get big, heavy batteries with relatively short

Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes show high activity as cathode for lithium-air batteries

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Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes (N-CNTs) uses as cathode materials for lithium-air batteries show a specific discharge capacity of 66 mAh g -1 , which is about 1.5 The team concluded that their results indicated that the N-CNTs electrode shows high electrocatalytic activities for the cathode reaction, thus improving lithium-air battery performance.

Toyota Researches Solid-State Batteries As Mid-Term Option To Lithium-Air

Green Car Reports

Lithium-air batteries, with high energy density, low weight and useful stability, are a major candidate for future electric car batteries. Toyota is researching solid-state lithium-ion However, commercialization may not happen for another fifteen years or more given current limitations, so improvements in the meantime must be found elsewhere.

2014 124

VW Lithium-Air Battery, Audi Plug-Ins, Mass Transit Popularity: Today's Car News

Green Car Reports

Today on Green Car Reports: Volkswagen promises more-efficient lithium-air batteries, Audi plans more plug-in hybrids, and mass-transit usage grows. Volkswagen says it can triple battery capacity with lithium-air technology. All this and more on Green Car Reports. Audi will build plug-in hybrid models of the next A6 and A8 sedans, as well as the

2014 109

Researchers directly visualize formation and disappearance of Li-O2 reaction products; insights to support development of rechargeable lithium-air batteries

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air (Li-O 2 ) battery represents a conceptually attractive energy storage device for electric vehicle applications due to its high theoretical energy storage capacity ( earlier post ); however, among the obstacles to commercialization is a lack of fundamental understanding of the reactions involved. This study showed that using metal oxides as the oxygen electrode could potentially enable a lithium-air battery to maintain its performance over many cycles of operation.

2012 217

Argonne National Labs Ramping Up Lithium-Air Research and Development; Li-ion as EV Bridge Technology

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A Li-air cell. Argonne National Laboratory, which has contributed heavily to the research and development of Li-ion battery technology, is now pursuing research into Lithium-air batteries. Li-air batteries use a catalytic air cathode that converts oxygen to lithium peroxide; an electrolyte; and a lithium anode. Li-air batteries have both scientific and engineering challenges that need to be addressed. Solid electrolyte for lithium-air.

2009 234

MIT Researchers Report Progress on Catalyst Development for Lithium-Air Batteries

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A team of researchers at MIT led by Professor Yang Shao-Horn have found that gold-carbon (Au/C) and platinum-carbon (Pt/C) catalysts have a strong influence on the charge and discharge voltages of rechargeable lithium-air (Li-O 2 ) batteries, and thus enable a higher efficiency than simple carbon electrodes in these batteries. Many groups are pursuing work on lithium-air batteries, a technology that could deliver a significant increase in energy density over lithium-ion batteries.

500 Mile Electric Cars? New Lithium-Air Tech Has Potential

Green Car Reports

We'd be the first to point out that many of the electric car owners currently out on the roads have had absolutely no trouble with the 100 or so miles they get from a full charge. However, it'd be foolish to assume that some people really don't need more than that, and as a result there's always room for an EV with greater range. Improvements to

UK Researchers Developing Rechargeable Lithium-Air Battery; Up to 10X the Capacity of Current Li-ion Cells

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Diagram of the STAIR (St Andrews Air) cell. Oxygen drawn from the air reacts within the porous carbon to release the electrical charge in this lithium-air battery. Researchers in the UK are developing a rechargeable lithium-air battery that could deliver a ten-fold increase in energy capacity compared to that of currently available lithium-ion cells. Oxygen from the air is the active material for the cathode and is reduced at the cathode surface.

2009 221

IBM Almaden Lab Exploring Lithium-Air Batteries for Next-Generation Energy Storage

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General schematic of a lithium-air battery. The team plans to explore rechargeable Lithium-Air systems, which could offer 10 times the energy capacity of lithium-ion systems. Lithium-ion rechargeable (secondary) batteries are based on a pair of intercalation electrodes. On charging, lithium ions move from the cathode through the electrolyte and insert into the anode; discharging reverses the process. Adapted from Ogasawara et al. Click to enlarge.

2009 150

GM Confirms Lithium-Air Battery Research to Revolutionize EV

All Cars Electric

General Motors is quietly conducting research into Lithium-Air batteries, the next Holy Grail of electric vehicle technology, according to a Friday article in The New York Times. GM acknowledges that while the battery technology has some way to go before it is used in commercial electric cars, the leap in capacity these batteries could offer could

Is The Elusive 'Ideal' Electric-Car Battery Hiding In Plain Sight?

Green Car Reports

Batteries lithium-ion battery pack research plug-in cars Lithium-airAndy Thomson is at the white-knuckled, breath-sucking end of his electric car’s range. His battery is almost flatlining. It’s minus 26 Celsius outside on the lonely road to North Bay, Ontario. Yet he somehow makes it into town with less than 8 miles left before he runs out of electrons. DON'T MISS: Nickel-Metal-Hydride Batteries For.

2015 131

AIST team developing Li-air capacitor-battery targeted for EVs

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A team from Japan’s AIST (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology) reports on the development of a “lithiumair capacitor–battery based on a hybrid electrolyte” in a paper in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science. The team had earlier investigated a hybrid electrolyte lithiumair battery, in which a lithium anode in a non-aqueous electrolyte and an air-catalytic cathode in an aqueous electrolyte solution were separated by a ceramic LISICON film.

2011 215

MIT electrolyte enables ultra-high voltage Ni-rich cathodes in Li-metal batteries

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V in lithium-metal batteries (LMBs). In a paper in the journal Nature Energy , the MIT team reports that a lithium-metal battery with the electrolyte delivers a specific capacity of >230?mAh?g V lithium-metal battery can retain >88% capacity for 90 cycles.

MIT 241

Research team demonstrates Li-air battery capable of long cycle life

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A team from Hanyang University (Korea) and University of Rome Sapienza (Italy) have demonstrated a lithiumair battery capable of operating over many cycles with capacity and rate values as high as 5,000 mAh g carbon ?1 Hun-Gi Jung, Jusef Hassoun, Jin-Bum Park, Yang-Kook Sun & Bruno Scrosati (2012) An improved high-performance lithiumair battery.

2012 265

Report: VW Group to decide how to proceed with Quantumscape solid state energy storage by July

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In its most recent US patent application, published on 12 February 2015 and filed on 6 August 2013, Quantumscape outlined a solid-state Lithium-air battery cell using a garnet electrolyte material. The solid state electrolyte enables a lithium metal anode plus a solid state catholyte with high conductivity to avoid the problems of decomposition with conventional liquid catholytes. US Patent Applications Nº 20150044581: Solid State Lithium-Air Based Battery Cell.

2015 249

Asahi Kasei and Central Glass join IBM Li-air Battery 500 project; membranes and electrolytes

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Four different architectures of Li-air batteries, which all assume the use of lithium metal as the anode. Asahi Kasei and Central Glass will join IBM’s Battery 500 Project team to collaborate on far-reaching research to develop practical Lithium-air batteries capable of powering a family-sized electric car for approximately 500 miles (800 km) on a single charge—i.e., Wilcke (2010) Lithium-Air Battery: Promise and Challenges.

2012 205

Bio Batteries: Researchers Use Viruses To Improve Electric-Car Energy Storage (Video)

Green Car Reports

Researchers at MIT say that a benign virus could be the next step in improving lithium-air battery technology. Viruses typically have negative connotations--think seasonal flu or malicious files sent to your computer--but biological technology is an increasingly important research topic and one that could play a large part in our future. In this

2013 111

PNNL team uncovers reaction mechanisms of Li-air batteries; how batteries blow bubbles

Green Car Congress

Lithium-air batteries are looked to by many as a very high-energy density next-generation energy storage solution for electric vehicles. One reaction that hasn’t been fully explained is how oxygen blows bubbles inside a lithium-air battery when it discharges. Now, researchers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have provided the first step-by-step explanation of how lithium-air batteries form bubbles.

2017 150

Team at Naval Research Laboratory suggests design direction for structural batteries

Green Car Congress

The researchers’ analysis also suggests that further found that ext-generation structural batteries should look to energy-dense aluminum-air and zinc-air batteries.

2020 222

Drawing a Li-air cathode with a pencil

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Scientists at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology in Japan have made an electrode for a lithium-air battery using a pencil. Haoshen Zhou and Yonggang Wang designed a battery in which the lithium is encapsulated by an organic electrolyte topped with a ceramic protection layer. Lithium-air batteries have the potential to produce enough energy to power an electric vehicle, but the amount of energy is a safety concern.

2011 185

Do We Really Need 500-Mile Electric Car Batteries?

Green Car Reports

Back in January, we told you about IBM’s quest to build a rechargeable lithium-air battery that could theoretically let an electric car travel 500 miles on a single charge. Since then, more firms have joined IBM on its Holy Grail adventure, leading to a flurry of stories heralding the end to range anxiety and a future where charging your car

2012 116

MIT team synthesizes all carbon nanofiber electrodes for high-energy rechargeable Li-air batteries

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Thompson and Yang Shao-Horn, has synthesized carbon nanofiber (CNF), binder-free electrodes for lithium-air batteries that yield high gravimetric energies up to ~2500 W h kg discharged -1 at powers up to ~100 W kg discharged -1 —among the highest values reported for Li–O 2 batteries to date (including carbon-only and catalyst containing electrodes).

2011 227

Mie University team working on aqueous li-air batteries; 300 Wh/kg

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Researchers at Mie University in Japan have developed a new protected lithium electrode for aqueous lithium/air rechargeable batteries. Lead researcher Nobuyuki Imanishi said that the system has a practical energy density of more than 300 Wh/kg, about twice that of many commercial lithium-ion batteries. Lithium/air rechargeable batteries are attracting great attention, because of a possibility to achieve energy density which is comparable to combustion engines.

2014 204

PolyPlus and SK enter into joint development agreement for glass-protected lithium-metal battery

Green Car Congress

The collaboration is focused on PolyPlus’ solid-state lithium anode laminate that has the potential to double the energy density and cycle life of rechargeable batteries. PolyPlus Battery Company is headquartered in Berkeley, CA, and invented and patented the protected lithium electrode (PLE)—a core technology for lithium-sulfur, lithium-air, and lithium water batteries.

2019 194

Argonne/Univ of St. Andrews researchers explore activated lithium metal oxides as high capacity electrodes for Li-air batteries

Green Car Congress

Andrews in the UK report on the use of activated Lithium-metal-oxides as catalytic electrodes for high-capacity lithium-air batteries in the journal Electrochemical Solid-State Letters. Argonne began ramping up its efforts on Li-air batteries in 2009. Thackeray (2011) Activated Lithium-Metal-Oxides as Catalytic Electrodes for Li O Cells. Researchers from Argonne National Laboratory in the US and the University of St.

2011 191

DOE Awards 24M Hours of Supercomputing Time to Investigate Materials for Li-Air Batteries

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded 24 million hours of supercomputing time to investigate materials for developing lithium air batteries, capable of powering a car for 500 miles on a single charge. Using the Li-air award, a research team including scientists from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory and IBM will use two of the world’s most powerful supercomputers to design new materials required for a lithium-air battery.

2010 191

MIT team provides insight into OER reaction in Li-air batteries to help improve performance

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Studying the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in lithium-air batteries using first-principles calculations, researchers at MIT led by Dr. Gerbrand Ceder conclude in a paper published in the American Physical Society’s journal Physical Review B that the low charging rate and high overpotential of Li-air batteries is probably caused by the poor kinetics for the OER. Although lithium-air batteries—with high theoretical specific energies of up to ?3400

2011 196

Argonne study highlights importance of electrolyte solvent stability for Li-air batteries, finds silane electrolytes promising

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A study led by researchers from Argonne National Laboratory reinforced that electrolyte solvent stability plays a key role in the performance of Lithium-air batteries, and that making advances in new electrolytes will be a key factor in reducing the large overpotential and improving reversibility of Li-air batteries. Only lithium oxides and no carbonates are formed when the 1NM3 electrolyte is used.

2011 191

MIT, Toyota team clarifies role of iodide in Li-air batteries

Green Car Congress

Lithium-air (or lithium-oxygen) batteries potentially could offer three times the gravimetric energy of current Li-ion batteries (3500 Wh/kg at the cell level); as such, they are looked to a potential solution for long-range EVs. Now, researchers from MIT, with a colleague from Toyota Motor Europe’s R&D group, have carried out detailed tests that seem to resolve the questions surrounding one promising material for such batteries: lithium iodide (LiI).

2017 183

New nanolithia cathodes may address technical drawbacks of Li-air batteries; scalable, cheap and safer Li-air battery system

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An international team from MIT, Argonne National Laboratory and Peking University has demonstrated a lab-scale proof-of-concept of a new type of cathode for Li-air batteries that could overcome the current drawbacks to the technology, including a high potential gap (>1.2 V) In a new concept for battery cathodes, nanometer-scale particles made of lithium and oxygen compounds (depicted in red and white) are embedded in a sponge-like lattice (yellow) of cobalt oxide, which keeps them stable.

2016 163

Scottish university makes battery breakthrough

Green Cars News

The University of St Andrews in Scotland appears to have made a significant breakthrough in the advancement of lithium-air batteries. Latest News Green cars Lithium-ion batteries As part of a report in the journal Nature Materials, a report from researchers at the university suggests that titanium carbide may be a viable, stable cathode for t[.].

TU Graz launches Christian Doppler Laboratory for Solid-State Batteries; support from AVL

Green Car Congress

The goal is to achieve immensely higher energy and power densities than conventional lithium-ion batteries with liquid electrolyte, with the additional benefit of being fireproof.

2020 232

BioSolar begins development of high-energy anode technology

Green Car Congress

BioSolar, a developer of energy storage technology and materials, has begun development of a high energy anode for current- and next-generation lithium batteries. BioSolar’s cathode technology, which has been the primary focus of its university-led research and development efforts, is a novel conductive polymer material that leverages fast redox-reaction properties rather than conventional lithium-ion intercalation chemistry to enable rapid charge and discharge.

2016 191

Researchers show feasibility of lithium-metal-free anode for Li-air battery; addressing one of three main barriers to Li-air battery development

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Researchers from University of Rome Sapienza (Italy), Hanyang University (Korea) and the Argonne National Laboratory (US) have shown that the highly reactive lithium metal anode typically projected for use in Li-air batteries can be replaced with a lithiated silicon-carbon anode. Although the resulting battery has lower voltage and capacity than a conventional Li-air battery, it offers enhanced safety and an energy density higher than Li-ion batteries.

2012 251

MIT study adds more detail to understanding of the evolution of Li2O2 particles in Li-air batteries

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A new study by a team at MIT led by Dr. Yang Shao-Horn and Dr. Carl Thompson sheds more light on the morphological evolution of Li 2 O 2 particles in Lithium-air batteries. Lithium-air (Li?O During discharge, electrons electrochemically reduce O 2 on the surface of an air cathode combining with Li + ions to form Li 2 O 2 , in a fundamentally different energy-storage mechanism than the intercalation reactions of Li-ion batteries.

2013 196

BMW and Toyota expand collaboration with work on fuel cell system, sports vehicle, light-weight technology and Li-air battery

Green Car Congress

The companies also today signed a binding agreement to commence collaborative research on lithium-air batteries. This agreement marks the second phase of collaborative research into next-generation lithium-ion battery cells that commenced in March 2012. Li-air battery. The companies are to begin joint research with a goal to develop a lithium-air battery with energy density greatly exceeding that of current lithium-ion batteries.

2013 196

Liox Power reports first operation of a Li-air battery with a straight-chain alkyl amide electrolyte solvent; new direction for Li-air research

Green Car Congress

Researchers at startup Liox Power, a California-based company developing rechargeable Li-air batteries, have demonstrated for the first time the operation of a lithium-air battery with a Li anode in a straight-chain alkyl amide electrolyte solvent (N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA)/lithium nitrate (LiNO 3 )). O 2 battery using a Li metal anode and an electrolyte consisting of DMA and lithium nitrate (LiNO 3 ).

2013 282