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DOE selects 7 gasification projects for funding; focus on reducing cost of coal conversion

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The projects conducted through this program are geared toward reducing the cost of coal conversion and mitigating the environmental impacts of fossil-fueled power generation. The funded research projects fall under two subtopic areas: development of gasification technologies applicable to in situ bio-gasification of coal to methane; and the development of low cost advanced air separation technologies that can produce oxygen for use in coal gasification processes.

2015 73

Panda Power finances conversion of retired coal plant to natural gas; one of largest power conversion projects in US

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Panda Power Funds has financed the 1,124 megawatt Panda “Hummel Station” power plant—one of the largest coal-to-natural gas power conversion projects in the United States. The plant will be located at the site of the retired Sunbury coal-fired power plant near Shamokin Dam in Snyder County, Pennsylvania. While the new power station will supply 180% more power than the coal plant it replaces, SO 2 and NO x emissions will be reduced by more than 90%.

2015 73

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Panda Power Funds jointly to develop 1,000 MW coal to natural gas conversion project; Marcellus Shale gas

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While the new power station will supply 260% more power than the coal plant it replaces, key air emissions will be reduced by approximately 97%. The Hummel Generating Station will also use 97% less water for cooling purposes than the retired coal-fired Sunbury plant. The 30-acre Panda Hummel Station power facility will occupy part of the 192-acre Keystone Opportunity Expansion Zone at the site of the recently retired Sunbury coal-fired power plant.

2015 84

Battelle team developing new hybrid direct coal-to-liquids process to produce jet fuel; lower costs and GHGs

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In a cost-shared program supported by the US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO) of the Ohio Development Services Agency (ODSA), a team at Battelle is demonstrating a new, hybrid, direct coal-to-liquids process for producing jet fuel using biomass-derived coal solvents. The bio-solvent production and coal liquefaction have been scaled-up successfully to one ton per day.

2016 60

DOE awarding about $16M to four projects for advanced gasification systems; focus on coal

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Awardees will receive approximately $16 million to advance the gasification process, which converts carbon-based materials such as coal into syngas for use as power, chemicals, hydrogen, and transportation fuels. Advanced Gasifier and Water-Gas Shift Technologies for Low-Cost Coal Conversion to High-Hydrogen Syngas. Praxair, OTM-Enhanced Coal Syngas for Carbon Capture Power Systems and Fuel Synthesis Applications. Coal Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Gasification

Coal 75

Study finds co-producing FT fuels and electricity from coal and biomass with CCS delivers low GHG synfuels at lower cost and with less biomass than cellulosic ethanol

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A detailed study by researchers from China and the US has concluded that Fischer-Tropsch synthetic liquid fuels (FTL) are typically less costly to produce when electricity is generated as a major coproduct than when the plants are designed to produce mainly liquid fuels.

Coal 87

US DOE to award up to $3M for coal-biomass-to-liquid projects

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award up to a total of $3 million to projects (1) to develop and to test novel technologies for the economical and environmentally-sustainable conversion of coal-biomass feedstocks to liquid transportation fuels (CBTL) and (2) to assess concepts and evaluate the feasibility of building and operating a commercial scale CBTL production facility. Feasibility Study for a Coal-Biomass to Liquids Facility.

Coal 81

DOE issues $13M funding opportunity for advanced coal gasification systems for power or fuels

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a funding opportunity announcement ( DE-FOA-0000784 ) for up to $13 million to support the development of advanced coal gasification systems. The third AOI (High Hydrogen Syngas Production) will begin exploration (through systems analysis and small-scale R&D) of novel technologies to reduce the cost of creating chemical-grade hydrogen and/or high-hydrogen syngas. AOI 2: Lower-cost Oxygen Production Systems.

2013 81

China to be Site of First Commercial Implementation of TRIG Coal Gasifier

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The contract award marks China as the site for the first worldwide commercial implementation of the TRIG technology with the goal of producing low-emission, coal-based electricity. TRIG coal gasification technology was co-developed developed by Southern Company, KBR Inc.,

2009 105

SRI developing process for co-gasification of methane and coal to produce liquid transportation fuels; negligible water consumption, no CO2

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Researchers from SRI International (SRI) are developing a methane-and-coal-to-liquids process that consumes negligible amounts of water and does not generate carbon dioxide. The cost per gallon for the SRI fuel is higher than F-T fuel, however: a calculated $2.81

2011 112

Headwaters Inc and Axens Form Direct Coal Liquefaction Alliance

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Headwaters direct coal liquefaction process. Headwaters Inc and Axens are forming a strategic alliance to provide a single-source solution for producing synthetic fuels by direct coal liquefaction (DCL) alone or in combination with refinery residues or biomass. Coal consumption.

Coal 83

Updated NETL study provides more detailed economic and environmental assessment of coal-to-liquids and CTL with modest biomass

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The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has released a follow-on study to its 2009 evaluation of the economic and environmental performance of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) and CTL with modest amounts of biomass mixed in (15% by weight) for the production of zero-sulfure diesel fuel. Both bituminous and sub-bituminous coals were evaluated as these coal types represent 90% of the US reserve base (53% and 37%, respectively). Biomass Coal Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Emissions

Coal 77

Clariant and Siemens to introduce new sour gas shift technology for coal gasification, focus on China

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Clariant and Siemens Fuel Gasification Technology will cooperate in the commercialization of a new, jointly developed sour gas shift (SGS) (sulfur removal) technology for coal gasification. Clariant is also the market leader in catalysts for coal-to-ammonia conversion.

2014 91

DOE and Air Force issue RFI on Mil-Spec jet fuel production using coal-to-liquid technologies

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) in partnership with the US Air Force has issued a request for information (RFI)— DE-FOA-0000981 —on research & development aimed at greenhouse gas emissions reductions and cost competitiveness of Mil-Spec jet fuel production using coal-to-liquid (CTL) fuel technologies. Aviation Climate Change Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Emissions Fuels

2013 73

Accelergy Begins Production of Synthetic Jet Fuel from Coal and Biomass; USAF to Evaluate for 100% Synthetic Fuel Use

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Accelergy Corporation has begun production of a synthetic fuel from coal and biomass, to be evaluated by the United States Air Force (USAF) as the industry benchmark for 100% synthetic jet fuel. Accelergy is the first to provide 100 percent synthetic jet fuel for the USAF with high thermal stability, increased energy density, lower environmental impact and competitive costs.”. Tags: Aviation Biomass Coal Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Fuels

Coal 75

DOE selects 8 new advanced coal projects for funding by University Coal Research Program

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected eight new projects to further advanced coal research under the University Coal Research Program. The selected projects are intended to improve coal conversion and use and will help propel technologies for future advanced coal power systems. The selections mark the 32 nd round of the Department’s longest-running coal research program.

Coal 73

B9 Coal Assembles Consortium to Combine Underground Coal Gasification, Alkaline Fuel Cells and Carbon Capture and Storage

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UK-based B9 Coal, established in 2009 with the objective of developing projects combining Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) with Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and alkaline hydrogen fuel cells, is bringing together a consortium including WSP Group, AFC Energy and Linc Energy to develop such a project. B9 Coal proposes combining AFC Energy’s alkaline fuel cells and Linc Energy’s Underground Coal Gasification (UCG).

2010 73

DOE Selects 8 Projects to Advance Technologies for the Co-Production of Power and Hydrogen, Fuels or Chemicals from Coal-Biomass Feedstocks

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected 8 research projects for funding that will focus on gasification of coal/biomass to produce synthetic gas (syngas) as a pathway to producing power, hydrogen, fuel or chemicals. million of non-Federal cost sharing. DOE says that projects awarded under areas 1 and 2 will provide valuable data for improving the understanding of how to make coal/biomass gasifiers operate more efficiently. Clean Coal Briquette Inc.

2010 75

National Research Council Report on Americas Energy Future Highlights Vehicle Efficiency Technologies, Conversion of Biomass and Coal-to-Liquids Fuels, and Electrifying the Light Duty Fleet with PHEVs, BEVs and FCVs

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For the transportation sector, these key technologies include a focus on improving vehicle efficiency; developing technologies for the conversion of biomass and coal-to-liquid fuels; and electrifying the light-duty vehicle fleet through expanded deployment of plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles (FCVs). Developing technologies for the conversion of biomass and coal-to-liquid fuels.

2009 60

Synthesis Energy Systems and Ambre Energy enter into technical study agreement for coal to gasoline and LPG project; ExxonMobil MTG

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SES’ U-GAS gasification technology is intended to convert approximately four million tons of low-rank, high-ash coal annually into syngas for subsequent conversion into methanol, which, in turn, will be converted to zero-sulfur unleaded gasoline and LPG using ExxonMobil’s MTG technology.

2011 87

US Fuels acquires coal-to-diesel IP for scalable plants near mine sites

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Startup US Fuel Corporation (USF), which plans to design, build, own and operate scalable facilities near coal mine sites to convert coal into synthetic fuels, will acquire coal-to-diesel intellectual property (IP) that USF co-developed with an executive team consisting of Paul Adams and Steve Luck. The plant will be designed to process 148 tons of coal per day to produce approximately 8,500 gallons of high grade, low-sulfur diesel.

2012 77

Lux Research: cost of electrofuels remains far from viable

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Production costs per barrel of oil equivalent. The cost of electrofuels—fuels produced by catalyst-based systems for light capture, water electrolysis, and catalytic conversion of carbon dioxide and hydrogen to liquid fuels—remains far away from viable, according to a new analysis by Lux Research. Source: Lux Research. Click to enlarge.

2014 73

Company that biochemically converts coal to methane raises Series B funding

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an emerging natural gas production company which uses proprietary technology to convert both underground and mined low-rank coal to pipeline-quality methane biochemically at large scale and low cost, has raised equity in its second round of financing, led by new investor Khosla Ventures. Ciris Energy, Inc.,

2011 70

Feasibility study concludes Arckaringa coal-to-methanol project could be viable addition to CTL

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A Technical Feasibility Study (TFS) for a coal-to-methanol (CTM) plant based on the Arckaringa coal resources in Australia has concluded that CTM could be a viable project capable of augmenting the Bankable Feasibility Study (BFS) for Altona Energy’s Arckaringa Clean Energy CTL (coal-to-liquids) and Power Project in South Australia. The investment costs for CTL / CTM plant were essentially the same as the two train CTL plant.

2013 67

DOE announces $110M for carbon capture, utilization, and storage projects

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) has announced approximately $110 million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development (R&D) projects under three funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). DOE’s program has deployed various large-scale CCUS pilot and demonstration projects; DOE said that it is imperative to build upon these learnings to test, mature, and prove CCUS technologies at the commercial scale.

2019 77

DOE Awarding $4.4M to Six Projects for Carbon Capture and Conversion

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Total value of the projects, including cost sharing, is approximately US$5.9 This integrated capture and conversion process will be used to produce a number of different chemicals that could replace petroleum-derived products. Researchers hope to achieve a commercially feasible CO 2 reforming process that will produce useful commodities using the entire solar spectrum. Tags: Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions

2010 73

DOE to Award $106M to Six CO2 Conversion Projects; $156M in Matching Private Funding

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Funded with $106 million from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act—matched with $156 million in private cost-share—the selections highlight the potential opportunity to use CO 2 as an inexpensive raw material that can help reduce carbon dioxide emissions while producing useful by-products. Tags: Algae Algal Fuels Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels

2010 77

Saudi Aramco R&D proposes SuperButol as new low-cost high-octane blend component

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A team from Saudi Aramco Research and Development Center has developed a novel low-cost, high-octane gasoline blend component it calls SuperButol. Some of these techniques for processing mixed butenes are costly, and corrosive, the team notes. Overall single pass conversion is 14 vol%.

2017 85

Synthesis Energy Systems Demonstrates Stable and Efficient Gasification at Hai Hua on Lignite Coal

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Synthesis Energy Systems’ (SES) 95%-owned Hai Hua joint venture project in Shandong Province, China, has completed a successful commercial-scale gasification demonstration, converting lignite coal from the Inner Mongolia region of China to syngas. Lignite and sub-bituminous coals are abundant in many regions of the world and are typically the lowest cost coals to mine.

Start-up commercializing NC State technology for drop-in biofuels; full commercial production targeted for 2016

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Red Wolf, formed in 2010, is in the process of raising $3 million through an equity offering to commercialize the thermal-chemical catalytic process. A parallel step to the fuel conversion is the separation of the by-product of hydrolysis, glycerol, from the sweet water.

2011 91

DOE awarding ~$44M to seven carbon capture projects

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy has selected seven projects to receive approximately $44 million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development through the funding opportunity announcement, Design and Testing of Advanced Carbon Capture Technologies. capture technologies, or 2) designing a commercial-scale, post-combustion CO? capture system at an existing coal-fueled generating unit.

2018 83

Alberta to Host Underground Coal Gasification Demo; Update on Linc Chinchilla UCG In Australia

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million) toward a $30-million underground coal gasification (UCG) project with Swan Hills Synfuels of Calgary. The project in north-central Alberta aims to develop a commercial operation that produces clean, synthesis gas for power generation. Simplified UCG process. Click to enlarge.

2009 78

Purdue analysis finds H2Bioil biofuel could be cost-competitive when crude is between $99–$116/barrel

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The Purdue University-developed fast-hydropyrolysis-hydrodeoxygenation process for creating biofuels—H 2 Bioil ( earlier post )—could be cost-competitive when crude oil prices range from $99 to $116 per barrel, depending upon the source of hydrogen, the cost of biomass and the presence or absence of a federal carbon tax, according to a new study by the Purdue team. Their analysis is published in the journal Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery.

2012 81

DOE awarding up to $80M for supercritical CO2 pilot plant

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The new facility will support the future commercialization of sCO 2 Brayton cycle energy conversion systems by testing and demonstrating the potential energy efficiency and cost benefits of this technology. This, in turn, decreases CO 2 emissions and operating costs.

2016 87

Report finds says “negative emissions technologies” need to play a large role in mitigating climate change

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Unlike carbon capture and storage technologies that remove carbon dioxide emissions directly from large point sources such as coal power plants, NETs remove carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere or enhance natural carbon sinks. Therefore, a concerted research effort is needed to address the constraints that currently limit deployment of NETs, such as high costs, land and environmental constraints, and energy requirements. However, it is currently limited by high cost.

2018 89

Uhde Gasification Selected for Commercial Biomass-to-Methanol Plant in Sweden

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The VärmlandsMetanol plant will be the first full-scale commercial biomass-to-methanol plant. Modern interest substituting biomass for coal or natural gas as a gasification or reforming (respectively) feedstock to provide syngas for catalytic conversion to methanol reaches back several decades. note that: The composition of syngas derived from biomass is different from that derived from natural gas and coal.

Oxford Catalysts in $5.9M Fischer-Tropsch Demonstration and Commercialization Agreement; Focus on Biomass- and Waste-to-Liquids Applications

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SGCE) for the demonstration and commercialization of the Group’s Fischer-Tropsch (FT) technology, primarily for Biomass-to-Liquids (BTL) and Waste-to-Liquids (WTL) applications. The recently signed JDA formalizes the commercial relationship between the parties and provides $5.9 Under the terms of the JDA, SGCE will have lead responsibility for commercializing the Group’s FT technology for BTL, WTL and Coal-to-Liquids applications.

2009 87

DOE to award up to $6.7M to projects to convert captured CO2 to useful products, including fuels

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million in federal funding for cost-shared projects that will develop technologies that utilize CO 2 from coal-fired power plants to produce useful products. DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy is seeking these projects as part of the Department’s Carbon Storage program, which has the goal of developing and advancing technologies to improve the effectiveness of carbon storage, reduce the cost of implementation, and be ready for widespread commercial deployment in the 2025–2035 timeframe.

2016 60

RAND study concludes use of alternative fuels by US military would convey no direct military benefit; recommends energy efficiency instead

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If the US military increases its use of alternative jet and naval fuels that can be produced from coal or various renewable resources, including seed oils, waste oils and algae, there will be no direct benefit to the nation’s armed forces, according to a new RAND Corporation study. The prospects for commercial production of nonpetroleum military fuels. For coal-derived FT fuels , carbon dioxide emissions at the FT fuel production facility must be captured and sequestered.

2011 83

National Academies Report Examines Hidden Cost of Energy Production and Use in US; Estimates $120B in 2005

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Source: “Hidden Costs of Energy”. The report estimates dollar values for several major components of these costs. Source: “Hidden Costs of Energy”. Coal accounts for about half the electricity produced in the US.

2005 108

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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Its first commercial-scale production plant obtains carbon dioxide from gas emissions from a geothermal power plant and hydrogen via electrolysis of water using renewable sources of energy from the Icelandic power grid (from hydro, geothermal and wind sources). Methanol can be produced from a range of renewable sources and fossil-fuel based feed-stocks; in practice methanol is mainly produced in coal-rich China from coal.

2015 83

Sandia progressing to demo stage with supercritical CO2 Brayton-cycle turbines; up to 50% increase in efficiency of thermal-to-electric conversion

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Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) researchers are progressing to the demonstration phase of a supercritical CO 2 (S-CO 2 ) Brayton-cycle turbine system for power generation, with the promise that thermal-to-electric conversion efficiency will be increased as much as 50% for nuclear power stations equipped with steam turbines, or 40% for simple gas turbines. The S-CO 2 system is also very compact, meaning that capital costs would be relatively low.

2011 76

Linc Energy Chinchilla UCG to Liquids Demo Plant Producing High-Quality Synthetic Hydrocarbons

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During the first half of 2009, the Linc Energy Limited Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) to Liquids demonstration plant at Chinchilla ( earlier post ) ran four major production campaigns each of which has seen further improvements in plant performance, according to the company.

2009 78