RWE and ArcelorMittal intend to build and operate offshore wind farms and hydrogen facilities for low-emissions steelmaking

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Energy company RWE and steel producer ArcelorMittal have signed a memorandum of understanding to work together to develop, build and operate offshore wind farms and hydrogen facilities that will supply the renewable energy and green hydrogen required to produce low-emissions steel in Germany.

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Liquid Wind to partner with Sundsvall Energi on second electrofuel facility; eMethanol for shipping

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Sundsvall Energi will partner with Liquid Wind to be the host and provide carbon dioxide for the second commercial-scale—100,000 t—electrofuel facility in Sweden. Sundsvall Energi, biogenic CO2 supplier and host for FlagshipTWO.

Wind 217
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Naturgy and Enagás studying production of green hydrogen from 350 MW of wind power in Asturias

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Naturgy and Enagás are studying the production of green hydrogen from a 250MW floating offshore wind farm and another 100MW onshore wind farm in Asturias (Spain) for industrial consumption in this Autonomous Region. The project’s planned renewable power production is estimated to save more than 200,000 tonnes of CO2 equivalent emissions per year. Enagás and ACCIONA launch green hydrogen project in Mallorca.

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CEMEX, Sasol and ENERTRAG partner to turn CO2 from cement plant into Sustainable Aviation Fuel

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Mexico-based global construction materials company CEMEX is partnering with integrated chemicals and energy company Sasol ecoFT and renewable energy company ENERTRAG to combine CO 2 with hydrogen to produce sustainable aviation fuel.

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PCC SE and Landsvirkjun to convert silicon metal plant CO2 emissions to methanol

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The process of methanol synthesis requires the input of pure carbon dioxide and hydrogen from water electrolysis, with the only by-product being oxygen and water. Landsvirkjun generates energy from renewable sources: hydro, geothermal and wind.

Anaergia to supply CO2 to European Energy A/S for green e-methanol production as fuel for container ships

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European Energy, a major multinational renewable wind and solar energy producer, will produce green e-methanol from this biogenic CO 2. European Energy develops, finances, constructs and operates wind and solar farms as well as large-scale hydrogen and e-methanol plants. Waste-to-biogas company Anaergia Inc. will supply European Energy A/S with up to 60,000 tonnes per year of liquefied biogenic CO 2 for a period of 10 years.

Hydrogen Council study: hydrogen could contribute to 20% of CO2 emissions reduction targets by 2050

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In Bonn, as global leaders gathered at COP 23, the Hydrogen Council coalition ( earlier post ) released a report developed with support from McKinsey quantifying the potential for hydrogen in the energy transition. According to the study , if deployed at scale, hydrogen could account for almost one-fifth of total final energy consumed by 2050. In addition to being a key pillar in of the energy transition, the study shows that hydrogen has the potential to develop US$2.5

2017 150

New electrocatalyst converts CO2 into ethanol, acetone, and n-butanol with high efficiency

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Excess energy produced by photovoltaics and wind energy could be stored through the electrocatalytic production of fuels from CO 2. V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE), which can be maintained for at least 3?months.

KIT spin-off producing synthetic natural gas from green hydrogen and CO2 from sewage sludge

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Chemical reactor company INERATEC , a spinoff of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), and the Spanish company GAS NATURAL FENOSA have built a plant in Spain that produces synthetic natural gas from CO 2 and renewable hydrogen. The process is based on the production of hydrogen by electrolysis (renewable power-to-gas) and its reaction with CO 2 from biogenic sources—e.g.

2018 174

IISA study proposes using airships for efficient cargo or hydrogen transportation

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Reintroducing airships into the world’s transportation mix could contribute to lowering the transport sector’s carbon emissions and can play a role in establishing a sustainable hydrogen based economy, according to a new IIASA-led study. These projections necessitate finding new approaches to transporting cargo with a lower demand for energy and lower CO2 emissions. Hydrogen is a good energy carrier and a valuable energy storage alternative. Aviation Hydrogen

2019 221

CESifo: EVs not the best option for reduction in on-road CO2 in Germany given power mix

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According to the study, natural gas combustion engines are an ideal technology for transitioning to vehicles powered by hydrogen or “green” methane in the long term. Over the long term, hydrogen-methane technology offers a further advantage: it allows surplus wind and solar power generated during peaks to be stored, and these surpluses will see a sharp increase as the share of this renewable energy grows.

2019 320

German power-to-gas facility opens green methanation plant; €28M STORE&GO project

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While the current facility feeds pure hydrogen (“WindGas”) directly into the gas grid, the new methanation plant provides for the generation of “green” methane. In this second stage, hydrogen from regenerative energy sources is converted into methane (CH 4 ), i.e. synthetic natural gas, using CO 2 from a bio-ethanol plant. This stored energy is then available as backup whenever there is an insufficient supply of solar and wind power.

2018 222

ReactWell licenses ORNL catalyst for direct conversion of CO2 to ethanol

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Additionally, it can operate as a dispatchable load, which may match the intermittency of renewable sources such as wind and solar. For example, ORNL’s catalyst works in a single step; when incorporated into the ReactWell process, it would remove a refinery’s need to purchase additional hydrogen from a pipeline or produce additional hydrogen using steam methane reforming or electrolysis via electrolyzers.

2019 249

Kopernikus Project P2X integrated container-scale test facility produces first fuels from air-captured CO2 and green power

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Partners of the P2X Kopernikus project on the premises of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany have demonstrated the production of fuel from air-captured CO2 using—for the first time—a container-based test facility integrating all four chemical process steps needed to implement a continuous process. Worldwide, wind and sun supply a sufficient amount of energy, but not always at the right time.

2019 234

ETH Zürich, Total team develops new catalyst to convert CO2 and H2 directly to methanol efficiently

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Scientists at ETH Zürich and oil and gas company Total have developed a new catalyst that efficiently converts CO 2 and hydrogen directly into methanol. Producing the second raw material, hydrogen, requires electricity. However, the scientists point out that if this electricity comes from renewable sources such as wind, solar or hydropower energy, it can be used to make sustainable methanol and thus sustainable chemicals and fuels.

2019 174

Air Products, ACWA Power and NEOM sign agreement for $5B production facility for production and export of green ammonia to global markets for H2 delivery

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Air Products, ACWA Power and NEOM signed an agreement for a $5-billion world-scale green-hydrogen-based ammonia production facility powered by renewable energy. The joint venture project is the first partnership for NEOM with leading international and national partners in the renewable energy field and it will be a cornerstone for its strategy to become a major player in the global hydrogen market. Ammonia Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Storage Power-to-Gas Solar

2020 167

DOE awards $3M for 10 high-performance computing projects to improve energy efficiency and material performance

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Teams selected through the High-Performance Computing for Materials (HPC4Mtls) Program will use high-performance computing to bolster the domestic materials supply chain needed for energy applications, including reduced material costs or improved carbon capture for power plants or clean hydrogen. Computational modeling of cost-effective carbon capture technologies on industrial gas turbines to reduce CO2 emission. Carbon Nanospike Based Photoelectrochemical CO2 Conversion.

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Researchers show mixotrophic fermentation process improves carbon conversion, boosting yields and reducing CO2

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To avoid CO 2 emissions associated with H2-production, electrolysis of water powered by solar, wind or hydroelectricity would be a preferred source and has achieved a level of maturity and success. They can take carbon dioxide and hydrogen gas and turn them into chemicals such as acetone, butanol or ethanol. Syngas-enhanced mixotrophy (case IV): hexose and CO:CO2:H 2 are fed to the microorganism.

2016 203

Audi opens power-to-gas facility in Werlte/Emsland; e-gas from water, green electricity and CO2

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The Audi e-gas plant, which can convert 6MW of input power, utilizes renewable electricity for electrolysis to produce oxygen and hydrogen. Because there is not yet a widespread hydrogen infrastructure, the hydrogen is reacted with CO 2 in a methanation unit to generate renewable synthetic methane, or Audi e-gas. Hydrogen Natural Gas Power Generation Audi’s e-gas plant. Click to enlarge.

2013 240

Risø DTU Investigating Production of Synthetic Transportation Fuel from Renewable Electricity and CO2

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Through electrolysis, water is transformed into hydrogen and oxygen (and CO 2 to CO and oxygen) using electricity. This is because at high temperatures water and carbon dioxide can be split into synthesis gas (hydrogen + carbon monoxide) and oxygen using the heat, and the SOEC cell is thereby self-cooling—the heat which is inevitably produced when electricity runs through something is needed for the electrolytic process. Tags: Catalysts Emissions Fuels Methanol Solar Wind

2010 167

GWU team demonstrates one-pot process for optimized synthesis of controlled CNTs from CO2; coupling cement and C2CNT

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Researchers at George Washington University led by Dr. Stuart Licht ( earlier post ) have developed a new process that transforms CO 2 into a controlled selection of nanotubes (CNTs) via molten electrolysis; they call the process C2CNT (CO2 into carbon nanotubes). Lower panel: The CNTs and CNFs provide high conductivity and superior carbon composite lightweight structural materials for jets, bridges, wind turbines, and electric vehicle bodies and batteries.

2017 183

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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Vulcanol is CRI’s brand name for renewable methanol, produced from CO 2 and hydrogen from renewable sources of electricity (hydro, geothermal, wind and solar). Its first commercial-scale production plant obtains carbon dioxide from gas emissions from a geothermal power plant and hydrogen via electrolysis of water using renewable sources of energy from the Icelandic power grid (from hydro, geothermal and wind sources).

2015 205

Audi expanding e-gas capacity through partnership with Viessmann; power-to-gas with biological methanation of CO2 and H2

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In the first step, renewably generated electricity is used to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. In the second step, the hydrogen is reacted with CO 2 to yield synthetic methane. solar and wind), water and CO 2 to produce liquid or gaseous fuels with a very low carbon intensity. Highly specialized microorganisms absorb the hydrogen that is dissolved in liquid and the carbon dioxide through their cell walls.

2016 183

Study for European Parliament assesses options for turning CO2 into methanol for use in transport

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Methanol blends, hydrogen, biofuels, electric and hybrid cars, along with different powertrain technologies could find their place into the most suitable markets as the total cost of ownerships tends to converge over time, but both policy-makers and consumers should be able to make their choices based on exhaustive and comparative well-to-wheel analysis of different fuels and technologies, which are hard to conduct with the data presently available.

2014 207

New plasma synthesis process for one-step conversion of CO2 and methane into higher value fuel and chemicals

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A particularly significant route currently being developed for CO 2 utilization is catalytic CO 2 hydrogenation. CH 4 is an ideal H-supplier to replace H 2 in CO 2 hydrogenation as CH 4 has a high H density and is available from a range of sources (e.g. Moreover, it is a cheap carbon source which can increase the atom utilization of CO 2 hydrogenation due to the stoichiometric ratio of C and O atoms, as well as reducing the formation of water. …

2017 174

Liquid Light unveils cost-advantaged catalytic process to make chemicals from CO2

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Liquid Light’s core technology is centered on low-energy catalytic electrochemistry to convert CO 2 to chemicals, combined with hydrogenation and purification operations. Further, Liquid Light’s process can sequester carbon when using energy sources such as solar, hydro, wind or nuclear power. To further demonstrate this potential benefit, the company also showed the process can be powered by intermittently-available renewable energy sources such as solar and wind.

2014 194

BASF and bse Engineering sign development agreement to transform CO2 and renewable electricity into methanol; power-to-methanol

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Renewable energy sources such as wind or solar power plants generate excess current at times when it is not needed. In the process, excess electricity is used to produce hydrogen through discontinuous electrolysis. bse engineering was part of the German project Bio-M to produced methanol from CO 2 and green hydrogen produced via renewable energy.

2017 159

Stanford faculty awarded $2.2 million for innovative energy research; fuel cells, hybrids, splitting CO2

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To help in the design of self-restoring catalysts for ceramic fuel cells, which could run on natural gas rather than hydrogen, this project will illuminate the fundamental chemical and structural transformations involved. The TomKat Center is supporting three investigations this year aimed to boost the output of wind farms, invent a new kind of solar cell and use carbon dioxide as a way of storing electricity. Making Large Wind Farms More Productive, Less Expensive.

2013 180

Ford Europe leading project investigating DME and OME1 as low carbon, near zero particulate fuels; power-to-liquids pathways using CO2

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In a 2011 study, a team from MAN Truck & Bus noted that: CO 2 can be recycled into methanol by reaction with electrolysis hydrogen. They can be generated from fossil natural gas or bio-gas or through a power-to-liquids process that uses renewable sources such as solar or wind power together with CO 2 captured from the air.

2015 207

“Energiewende” in a tank; Audi e-fuels targeting carbon-neutral driving with synthetic fuels from renewables, H2O and CO2; Swiss policy test case

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solar and wind), water and CO 2 to produce liquid or gaseous fuels with a very low carbon intensity. Underneath the e-fuels banner, Audi also includes renewable electricity for recharging its e-tron vehicles (“e-power”) and, should the market so require it, “green” hydrogen (e-hydrogen, derived in the e-gas process). How much CO 2 and how much energy for getting cobalt out of the earth, for getting lithium, for producing hydrogen.

2015 219

SunFire acquiring staxera to support development of technology to generate synthetic fuels from renewable energy sources, water and CO2

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The process developed by SunFire begins with the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen by using electrolysis, driven by renewable electrical energy (derived from sunlight, wind or water). A subsequent step is the reaction of hydrogen and the CO 2 to form renewable, synthetic gasoline, diesel and kerosene. Concept of the SunFire process. Click to enlarge.

2011 198

Oxford Team Outlines Progress and Potential in CO2 Capture and Conversion to Synthetic Transportation Fuels

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The three leading alternatives generally advanced at present are electric (battery), hydrogen and biofuels; the first two options require fundamental large-scale changes in our energy infrastructure, while the latter will not meet the exceptionally high and ever-growing demand for transportation fuels.In In addition, the provision of hydrogen production, distribution and refuelling facilities will necessitate enormous investments for this completely new infrastructure base.

2010 186

Researchers Show Direct Bacterial Production of Methane from Electricity and CO2

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The results show that electromethanogenesis can be used to convert electrical current produced from renewable energy sources (such as wind, solar, or biomass) into a biofuel (methane) as well as serving as a method for the capture of carbon dioxide. Electrochemical measurements made using linear sweep voltammetry showed that the biocathode substantially increased current densities compared to a plain carbon cathode where only small amounts of hydrogen gas could be produced.

2009 207

Researchers use ionic liquid electrolyte for a more efficient electroreduction of CO2 to CO; potential for synthetic fuel pathways

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form the desired CO and the undesired hydrogen, and the. In artificial photosynthesis, an electrochemical cell uses energy from a solar collector or a wind turbine to convert CO 2 to simple carbon fuels such as formic acid or methanol, which can be further refined to make ethanol and other fuels. A plot of the Faradaic efficiency of the process to. turnover rate as a function of the applied cell potential. Credit: Science, Rosen et al. Click to enlarge.

2011 167

Review finds encouraging progress in electrochemical reduction of CO2 to organic compounds; substantial advances in catalysts, electrolytes and reactors still required

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The storage of electrical energy in chemical form is potentially useful in two key areas, (1) leveling the output from intermittent electricity sources such as wind and solar and (2) allowing the production of liquid fuels for the transportation sector with renewable electricity. Furthermore, the main competing reaction to CO 2 reduction is hydrogen evolution. Consequently, metals with high hydrogen overpotentials typically give the highest Faradaic efficiencies.

2010 167

Researchers Propose New F-T Process for Synfuels; Less Work Required Could Result in 15% Reduction in CO2 Emissions Compared to Conventional Route

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The new process, which uses a carbon dioxide and hydrogen route rather than the traditional carbon monoxide and hydrogen route, could also open up a pathway for the direct use of CO 2 and H 2 derived from low-carbon processes (nuclear, wind, solar, bio). If H 2 is produced via nuclear, wind, or solar energy, this process becomes a method for consuming CO 2 and may bypass the difficulties in the direct use of H 2 as a fuel.

2009 159

3 Oil Majors That Bet Big On Renewables

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Further, according to Rystad Energy, Big Oil is expected to pump in $166B into new oil and gas ventures over the next five years, thus dwarfing the currently specified outlay of just $18B (less than 10% of capex) for solar and wind energy projects. by Alex Kimani for Oilprice.com.

2020 334

Audi to launch e-gas project with natural gas vehicles

Green Cars News

As it aims to achieve a neutral CO2 balance across its entire mobility chain, Audi will begin series production of compressed natural gas models that will be powered by e-gas – that is synthetic methane created via the methanation of hydrogen produced by electrolysis with renewable electricity – starting in 2013. Audi Green cars Latest news Audi A3 TCNG Audi e-gas project Audi natural gas vehicles Audi wind power

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DOE announces more than $65M in public and private funding to commercialize promising energy technologies

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Highly Efficient Electrocatalysts for Direct Conversion Of CO2 To Chemicals, $250,000. Highly Efficient Low-Thermal-Budget Hydrogen and Chemical Co-Production via an Electrochemical Activation of Propane, $100,000. NEL Hydrogen (Wallingford, Connecticut). DME as a Renewable Hydrogen Carrier: Innovative Approach to Renewable Hydrogen Production, $1,500,000. FueL Additives for Solid Hydrogen (FLASH) Carriers for Electric Aviation, $250,000.

DOE awarding >$24M to 77 projects through Technology Commercialization Fund

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Hydrogen Contaminant Detector, $150,000 Skyre, Inc., Novel chemical looping process for conversion of natural gas to pure hydrogen, $150,000 CanmetENERGY, Ottawa, Canada Glowink Inc., Novel thermal process for conversion of CO2 to CO using metal ferrite oxygen carriers, $150,000 CanmetENERGY, Ottawa, Canada Glowink Inc., Johnson Matthey, Billingham, UK Enabling Autonomous Wind Plants through Consensus Control, $250,000 RES Group, Broomfield, Colo.

2019 205

NSF to award up to $13M for fundamental work on sustainable production of electricity and transportation fuels

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Specific areas of interest include: nano-enabled PV devices containing nanostructured semiconductors, plasmonic materials, photonic structures, or conducting polymers; earth-abundant and environmentally benign materials for photovoltaic devices; photocatalytic or photoelectrochemical processe for the splitting of water into H 2 gas, or for the reduction of CO2 to liquid or gaseous fuels. Wind Energy.

2013 200

An interview with Riversimple

Green Cars News

Riversimple shot to fame in June 2009 when they unveiled arguably the most exciting development for British green car technology yet; the two-seater Riversimple hydrogen prototype. to explain more about Riversimple’s plans for the prototype and his hopes for a hydrogen-driven future. Q: You are inspired by work by Amory Lovins lightweight network electric vehicles, will hydrogen fuel cells remain your focus or will you look at other fuel sources like battery electric too?

2009 34

US DOT Awards $100M in Recovery Act Funds to 43 Transit Projects to Reduce Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

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Install photovoltaic capacity to generate “green” hydrogen: Install multiple PV modules at its Central Maintenance Facility in Hayward. Combined with AC Transit’s already-installed solar capacity, this solar installation will produce the renewable electricity equivalent to what will be required to produce 180 kg/day of green hydrogen.

2009 217