AQLI: new data reveals little progress globally in reducing air pollution over the last two decades

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Particulate air pollution continues to cut global life expectancy by nearly two years as progress in some countries counterbalances worsening air quality in others, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI). China began a “war against pollution” in 2013.

2020 222

International travelers experience adverse cardiopulmonary health effects even after short stay in polluted cities

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For travelers who visit cities with high levels of air pollution, even a short stay leads to breathing problems that can take at least a week from which to recove, a new study led by researchers at NYU School of Medicine finds. The study is the first of its kind, say the authors, to analyze pollution-related coughing and breathing difficulties and recovery times upon returning home, in healthy, young adults who’ve travelled internationally.

2019 256
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Study attributes significant amount of kidney disease globally to PM2.5 pollution

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pollution is significant, according to an analysis presented at ASN (American Society of Nephrology) Kidney Week. Standardized ABD (attributable burden of disease) in the 10 most populated countries showed Nigeria, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India having high ABDs, exceeding 200 incident cases of CKD per 100,000 population. The Global Burden of Kidney Disease Attributable to Air Pollution” (Abstract SA-OR056 ).

2017 219

Study links air pollution and cyclone intensity in Arabian Sea; suggested solutions include diesel filters and two-stroke engines running on LPG fuel

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Pollution is making Arabian Sea cyclones more intense, according to a study in the journal Nature. We’re showing that pollution from human activities as simple as burning wood or driving a vehicle with a diesel engine can change these massive atmospheric phenomena in a significant way. Cyclone Phet in 2010 struck the coastlines of Pakistan and Oman and caused nearly $2 billion in damage. Scientists are working to better understand atmospheric brown clouds and their effects.

2011 214

HEI: 95%+ of world’s population live in areas of unhealthy air

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Air pollution is the leading environmental cause of death worldwide according to the State of Global Air 2018 , the annual report and interactive website published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI). Ozone, another important component of outdoor air pollution, whose levels are on the rise around the world, contributed to 234,000 deaths from chronic lung disease. All told, long-term exposure to outdoor and indoor air pollution contributed to 6.1

2018 195

Global CO2 emissions stalled for the third year in a row

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Emissions are increasing in other developing countries: 6% for Indonesia and Malaysia; 9% for Pakistan and 12% for the Philippines. The report is based on the JRC’s Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), which is not only unique in its space and time coverage, but also in its completeness and consistency of the emissions compilations for multiple pollutants: the greenhouse gases (GHG), air pollutants and aerosols.

2017 150

2018 Environmental Performance Index: Air quality top public health threat

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Recent research cited by the EPI suggests that around five million people die prematurely every year due to air pollution, accounting for approximately one in every ten deaths annually. Substantial populations still suffer from poor air quality, most notably in India, China, and Pakistan. The 2018 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) finds that air quality is the leading environmental threat to public health.

2018 249

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

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While carbon dioxide is the primary driver of global warming over the long term, limiting black carbon and methane are complementary actions that would have a more immediate impact because these two pollutants circulate out of the atmosphere more quickly. The team considered about 400 emission control measures to reduce these pollutants by using current technology and experience. Iran, Pakistan and Jordan would experience the most improvement in agricultural production.

2012 218

UN Environment report says national GHG pledges only bring one-third of reductions needed for Paris Agreement

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The report also covers an assessment of the potential contribution from reductions in short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs). Ten countries make up approximately 85% of the entire coal pipeline: China, India, Turkey, Indonesia, Vietnam, Japan, Egypt, Bangladesh, Pakistan and the Republic of Korea.

2017 150