Study finds total PM10 emissions from EVs equal to those of modern ICEVs; role of weight and non-exhaust PM

Green Car Congress

Non-exhaust PM factors include tire wear, brake wear, road surface wear and resuspension of road dust. Compared to an average gasoline ICEV, the EV emits 3% less PM 2.5 ; compared to an average diesel ICEV, the EV emits 1% less PM 2.5. mg/vkm for gasoline cars and 2.4

2016 160

Environment Canada/MECA team assesses black carbon emissions in GDI engine exhaust; evaluation of prototype gasoline particulate filter

Green Car Congress

This may result in the need for new emissions control strategies—such as a gasoline particulate filter (GPF)—to enable compliance with California LEV III and US EPA Tier 3 particulate emissions standards.

2014 106

Trending Sources

Not Just Turbocharging: Exhaust Gases Can Generate Electricity, Too

Green Car Reports

The exhaust gases shooting out the tailpipes of internal-combustion cars aren''t just a form of pollution, they also represent wasted energy. One way to use some of that energy has been turbocharging: An exhaust-driven turbine runs a compressor that packs more air into the combustion chambers, allowing more gasoline to be injected, thus producing

Removing the Fuel and Exhaust Systems

Open Source Civic EV Kit

I spent most of this afternoon and evening removing the fuel tank and exhaust system. Since this part of the car wasn't steam cleaned like the engine compartment, I got complete covered in dirt and gasoline grime. Death to the catalytic converter and the last of the exhaust system!

2008 130

IAV develops new close-coupled diesel exhaust gas aftertreatment system for improved emissions reduction

Green Car Congress

IAV has developed a particularly closed-coupled diesel exhaust gas aftertreatment (EAT) system. A key contribution to this performance must come from the exhaust gas aftertreatment system—across the entire speed and load range.

2017 98

Study finds gasoline exhaust contributes more to formation of secondary organic aerosols than diesel

Green Car Congress

Contrary to expectations, exhaust from gasoline vehicles contributes more to the production of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) than exhaust from diesel vehicles, according to a new study by scientists from the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) and other colleagues. This suggests future research aimed at understanding ways to reduce gasoline emissions would be valuable.

The importance of considering non-exhaust traffic emissions; the role of EVs

Green Car Congress

the criteria pollutants and CO 2 that emerge with the exhaust from the tailpipe. However, there is more than 15 years of research showing that the contribution of non-exhaust primary particles to the total traffic generated primary particles is significant in urban areas. Non-exhaust PM factors include tire wear, brake wear, road surface wear and resuspension of road dust. EVs were the best alternative to diesel and gasoline vehicles across all categories.

2016 94

FEV working on water injection system using exhaust condensate; fuel consumption improvements up to 16% possible

Green Car Congress

FEV is developing a water injection system for internal combustion engines using condensate from exhaust gases, the “Extended Direct Condensate Injection” system. FEV’s system concept offers potential synergies which can be further enabled by exhaust heat recovery.

2015 97

DENSO and IBIDEN to collaborate on next-generation vehicle exhaust systems and vehicle electrification

Green Car Congress

form ed a capital and business alliance jointly to develop next-generation vehicle exhaust systems. This collaboration will combine IBIDEN’s advantages in high-performance ceramic materials with DENSO’s advantages in developing products as systems to develop high-performance, simple and low-cost vehicle exhaust systems. DENSO has developed and provided systems components to better control the intake, power, and exhaust events in the operating cycle of gasoline and diesel engines.

2017 65

UC Riverside team wins EPA design contest with lawnmower exhaust aftertreatment device

Green Car Congress

A team of University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering students have won an EPA student design contest for developing an exhaust aftertreatment device that cuts CO, NO x and PM emissions from lawnmowers.

2014 116

Corning expands light-duty vehicle exhaust filter capacity in Germany

Green Car Congress

Corning Incorporated has boosted its light-duty vehicle filter capacity at its manufacturing facility in Kaiserslautern, Germany for both gasoline and diesel engined vehicles. For gasoline vehicles, direct injection (GDI) engines are growing in popularity as drivers demand more fuel efficiency and engine power. In response, Corning has developed unique filter products to capture gasoline particulates without sacrificing engine performance.

Eni and FCA develop A20: 15% methanol, 5% ethanol high-octane gasoline blend

Green Car Congress

By harnessing its low carbon content, bio component and high octane number (RON 100), the new alternative fuel emits up to 3% less in CO 2 exhaust emissions quantified using the new Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedures (WLTP).

2019 111

Corning hits 1-million-unit milestone with gasoline particulate filter production

Green Car Congress

Corning Incorporated’s Environmental Technologies business reached a significant production milestone at its Kaiserslautern, Germany manufacturing facility with the production of its 1 millionth Corning DuraTrap GC gasoline particulate filter (GPF) for automotive emissions control.

2018 90

When will it be unacceptable to drive a car with a tailpipe? Poll results

Green Car Reports

Those emissions, however, are a tiny fraction of the carbon dioxide and other substances emitted by gasoline or diesel cars when scientifically assessed on a "wells to wheels" basis. emissions zero emissions Exhaust Zero Emission Vehicle PollsNo vehicle on earth is entirely free of emissions; even electric cars charged on renewable energy have emissions associated with their manufacturing.

2017 78

WHO IARC classifies diesel exhaust as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1)

Green Car Congress

After a week-long meeting of an expert working group, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which is part of the World Health Organization (WHO), classified diesel engine exhaust (DEE) as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1), based on sufficient evidence that exposure is associated with an increased risk for lung cancer. In 1988, IARC classified diesel exhaust as probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A). and reductions in emissions through exhaust control technology.

New mixed-oxide catalysts shown as viable substitute for platinum catalysts for diesel exhaust aftertreatment

Green Car Congress

Under laboratory-simulated diesel exhaust conditions, this mixed-phase oxide material was superior to Pt in terms of cost, thermal durability, and catalytic activity for NO oxidation. Diesel engines are attractive because of their higher fuel efficiency than gasoline engines.

New Delphi Technologies 500+ bar GDi system cuts gasoline particulate emissions by up to 50%, reduces fuel consumption

Green Car Congress

Reducing the number of exhaust gas particulates, including those smaller than 23 nm, will help manufacturers meet increasingly stringent future global emissions standards. —Walter Piock, chief engineer, Gasoline Systems, Delphi Technologies.

2019 115

Study finds ethanol blending appears to reduce significantly genotoxic emissions from gasoline direct injection vehicles

Green Car Congress

In 2012, the WHO classified untreated diesel exhaust as a group 1 carcinogen inducing lung cancer in humans. Due to the striking similarities, concerns on GDI exhausts are on the rise because these exhausts might also be carcinogenic to humans.

2016 147

DOE awards $17M to FY 2014 SBIR Phase II projects; includes Si/graphene anodes, motor windings, exhaust treatments

Green Car Congress

Hybrid Electric Turbocharger for Exhaust Energy Recovery and Transient Lag Reduction. NexTech Materials of Lewis Center, Ohio, has developed a new diesel engine exhaust NO x sensing technology that is able to rapidly and selectively measure nitrogen oxides in diesel engine exhaust streams. A Novel Exhaust after Treatment Catalyst. of Wheat Ridge, Colorado, will develop a new exhaust after-treatment system using new low temperature catalysts.

2014 89

ORNL team finds catalytic EGR reforming can decrease fuel consumption 8% in gasoline engine

Green Car Congress

Under this same operating condition with stoichiometric engine exhaust (and no reforming), they could only sustain stable combustion with EGR under 25%.

2018 121

INFINITI says new gasoline-generated EV system (Nissan e-POWER) central to electrification strategy

Green Car Congress

These include fully-electric systems, as well as a gasoline-generated EV system (known as e-POWER at Nissan, earlier post ) in which a gasoline engine generates electrical power stored in a battery (series hybrid), which can then be delivered to all four wheels through a pair of high-output electric motors. As an electric car powered by gasoline, the character of the power delivery is as addictive, smooth and serene as in a high-performance battery electric vehicle.

2019 60

Volkswagen introduces new 1L, 3-cylinder gasoline Golf; 54.7 mpg

Green Car Congress

mpg US) (99 g/km CO 2 )—more efficient than any previous Golf with a gasoline engine. The new TSI engine also offers the highest specific torque of any large-scale production series gasoline engines: 200 N·m per liter displacement. The exhaust manifold of the 1.0

2015 120

New Pierburg air blower with speed-controlled motor for reduction of gasoline engine emissions

Green Car Congress

Secondary air systems are used to reduce gasoline engine emissions by accelerating catalytic converter heat-up. With the injection of air directly into the exhaust system, this gas mixture undergoes an exothermal reaction. Controlled regeneration of gasoline particle filters.

2018 90

Study finds catalyzed gasoline particulate filters effective at reducing particulate and PAH emissions from GDI engines

Green Car Congress

The researchers assessed the gaseous, particulate, and genotoxic pollutants from two current technology gasoline direct injection vehicles when tested in their original configuration and with a catalyzed gasoline particulate filter (GPF).

2018 113

Bath University and SAIC Motor team up to investigate gasoline particulate filter performance

Green Car Congress

The University of Bath and SAIC Motor UK Technical Centre are collaborating on a project to identify the most efficient conditions for the optimum performance of gasoline particulate filters (GPFs), to help minimize vehicle impact on the environment. A test vehicle will be put through its paces on the University’s dyno with the bespoke rig enabling the temperature and exhaust gas composition entering the after-treatment components to be controlled.

2018 83

Study finds modern diesel cars emit fewer carbonaceous particulates than gasoline cars

Green Car Congress

A new study by an international team led by researchers from the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in Switzerland has found that modern diesel passenger cars equipped with diesel particulate filters (DPFs) emit fewer carbonaceous particulates than gasoline-powered vehicles.

2017 101

DENSO Develops Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor With Improved Temperature Detection Accuracy

Green Car Congress

DENSO Corporation has improved the temperature detection accuracy of its newly developed diesel exhaust temperature sensor. In addition, DENSO also expects an increase in gasoline-powered vehicles with turbochargers to meet the demand for higher engine power as downsizing progresses.

2009 95

Mazda announces SKYACTIV-X: gasoline Spark Controlled Compression Ignition

Green Car Congress

As part of the new technology to achieve this vision, the company disclosed plans to introduce a next-generation gasoline engine called SKYACTIV-X in 2019. SKYACTIV-X—which Mazda believes will be the first commercial gasoline engine to use compression ignition—uses a proprietary combustion method called Spark Controlled Compression Ignition (SPCCI).

2017 69

Volkswagen Millerized 1.5 TSI ACT BlueMotion gasoline engine offers diesel-like fuel economy; derivatives may be applied in hybrid systems

Green Car Congress

Volkswagen has developed and deployed a gasoline engine that offers diesel-like fuel economy but is significantly cheaper to buy. Compared with other gasoline engines, the intake valves of the 1.5

2018 115

Researchers propose low-temperature SOFC unit for reducing NOx and oxidizing HCs in lean-burn engine exhaust

Green Car Congress

Their SOFC system can be operated without consuming the anode fuel (a reductant) at temperatures near that of the engine exhaust to eliminate the need for reductant refilling and extra heating. The NO x concentration in the exhaust of an automotive gasoline engine with spark ignition can be as high as 4000 ppm. Urea-based ammonia selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is one of the most promising methods for NO x removal from diesel engine exhaust.

2012 80

Environment Canada study finds vehicle exhaust a significant source of isocyanic acid; suggests consideration of new emission standard

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Environment Canada have found that vehicle exhaust is a significant source of isocyanic acid (HNCO), a toxic gaseous acid that is a product of various forms of combustion and a potential health concern. Automobile exhaust is also a known source of inorganic acids such as nitric (HNO 3 ) and nitrous (HONO) acids. measured several organic and inorganic acids from light duty diesel exhaust using acetate ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry (Acid-CIMS).

2013 75

New BMW 218i Coupe to offer new 3-cylinder gasoline engine

Green Car Congress

New BMW 3-cylinder turbo gasoline engine for the 218i. With the market launch of the new BMW 218i Coupe, BMW will offer a new a three-cylinder gasoline engine from the BMW Group’s latest engine family ( earlier post ) for the first time in the compact model.

2014 102

Second-generation Audi A7 Sportback features standard 48V MHEV system with gasoline or diesel engines

Green Car Congress

TFSI (gasoline) or a 3.0 The new three-liter V6 exhaust end lies inside the 90° vee; the short gas paths and the twin scroll charger, which prevents unwanted interactions between the gas columns, guarantee spontaneous throttle response.

2018 98

PowerDriver simulations predict thermoelectric exhaust waste heat recovery output of 300W, -2.5% in fuel consumption; prototyping begins

Green Car Congress

The European Union-funded PowerDriver project—a two-year, €3-million (US$4-million) research project initiated in February 2012 to turn exhaust gas waste heat into electricity using thermoelectric generator (TGEN) technology—has completed simulation work on on a potential automotive application. This is not least due to the fact that the TGEN is located within the exhaust line and is subject to significant thermal cycling.

2013 76

Researchers Exploring On-Board Exhaust Gas Reforming to Improve Combustion and Recover Waste Heat

Green Car Congress

Professor Stan Golunski, Deputy Director of the newly established Cardiff Catalysis Institute , in collaboration with engineers at Brunel and Birmingham Universities, is investigating the feasibility of an on-board exhaust gas reforming system to improve combustion and recover waste heat. Initially the research will focus on diesel engines but the potential of exhaust gas reforming to achieve benefits in gasoline engines will also be evaluated.

Waste 69

Birmingham study finds butanol-gasoline blend reduces GDI engine-out carbonaceous emissions; similar NOx

Green Car Congress

Gasoline direct injection engines offer better fuel efficiency from their increased compression ratio, lower pumping losses, higher volumetric efficiency and more accurate injection control.

2017 85

LiquidPiston unveils 70cc rotary gasoline engine prototype embodying HEHC; power dense, low-vibration

Green Car Congress

The X Mini 70cc rotary gasoline engine. As the engine does not have poppet valves and the gas is fully expanded before the exhaust stroke starts, the engine also has potential to be quiet.

2014 157

New engine development at German makers to end by 2025, says supplier

Green Car Reports

The supplier, which makes exhaust-gas-cleaning systems for diesel cars and nitrogen oxide-measuring sensors, lists several factors contributing to its. Future Cars Engines gasoline engines fossil fuelsContinental, a major supplier for automakers around the world, has come out with a bold prediction: internal-combustion engine development by German automakers will essentially end by the year 2025.

2017 72

Neste files patent on gasoline fuels with high bioenergy content

Green Car Congress

Neste, currently largest producer of renewable drop-in fuels (primarily diesel) with its NEXBTL platform ( earlier post ), has filed a patent ( US20150144087 ) on a gasoline composition (and the method for making it) comprising up to 20 vol% (preferably from about 10-15 vol.%), of paraffinic bio-hydrocarbons originating from the NEXBTL process. The resulting fuels with high bioenergy content can be used in conventional gasoline-fueled automotive engines.

2015 81

Combustion engines: high emissions from short commutes a huge challenge

Green Car Reports

short commutes in vehicles with combustion engines—whether gasoline or diesel—pose particularly tough emission problems. That's because the exhaust aftertreatment systems have to warm up fully before they cut emissions to the levels. emissions UK EU nitrogen oxides London regulation gasoline enginesDrivers in the U.S. have longer commutes than those in Europe and Asia, on average. In the U.K.,

2017 63

Promising Delphi 1st-gen Gasoline Direct Injection Compression Ignition engine meeting ultra fuel efficient program targets

Green Car Congress

GDCI engine was significantly better than advanced production spark injection gasoline engines, and comparable to very efficient hybrid vehicle engines at their best efficiency conditions (214 g/kWh).

2014 131

NRC Canada team investigates effect of gasoline particulate filter on PM from light-duty GDI engine

Green Car Congress

A team led by researchers from the National Research Council Canada has investigated the effect of the use of a gasoline particulate filter on the size and morphology of PM emitted from a light-duty gasoline-direct-injection (GDI) vehicle over the FTP-75 and US06 transient drive cycles.

2015 102

BMW unveils latest Efficient Dynamics 3- and 4-cylinder gasoline and diesel engines

Green Car Congress

At its Innovation Days 2016 event in Munich, BMW unveiled new versions of its three and four- cylinder gasoline and diesel engines. In addition to this, the full line-up of gasoline and diesel engines feature BMW TwinPower Turbo technology. Gasoline engines.

2016 95