Blue Biofuels achieves full conversion (99%+) of cellulosic material to sugars on repeatable basis

Green Car Congress

reports that it has achieved full conversion ( 99% + ) of king grass cellulosic material to water soluble sugars on a repeatable basis. This conversion occurs with a reaction time of less than one minute. Blue Biofuels, Inc.

E-Waste is a Cybersecurity Problem, Too

Cars That Think

million metric tons of electronic waste in 2019, up more than 21% over five years, according to the United Nations’ most recent assessment. Only about 17% of that e-waste was recycled, and what happens to the rest can be detrimental for both human health and privacy.

Waste 104
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TU/ecomotive develops waste-free car with UBQ: Luca

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With this zero-waste car, the team wants to show that waste can be a valuable material with a multitude of applications. Luca, the world’s first Zero-Waste car.

2020 344

Raven SR & Hyzon Motors to build up to 100 waste-to-hydrogen hubs

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At the hubs, which can be built at or near landfills, Raven SR will convert mixed and multiple organic wastes, including municipal solid waste, greenwaste, food waste, medical, paper, etc. Raven SR , a renewable fuels company, and Hyzon Motors Inc.,

Waste 371

Researchers develop titanium and copper heterostructured photocatalyst for conversion of CO2 into CH4

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Scientists at Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology, Korea, have developed a novel heterostructured photocatalyst using titanium and copper, two abundant and relatively inexpensive metals, for the conversion of CO 2 into CH 4. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels

2020 281

U Oregon team advances effectiveness of catalytic water dissociation in bipolar membranes

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Researchers at the University of Oregon have advanced the effectiveness of the catalytic water dissociation reaction in bipolar membranes. The technology behind bipolar membranes, which are layered ion-exchange polymers sandwiching a water dissociation catalyst layer, emerged in the 1950s.

2020 254

Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 344

Lufthansa, ETH Zürich, Climeworks & Synhelion to cooperate on Sustainable Aviation Fuels; CO2 capture & solar thermochemical conversion

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The researchers and engineers at ETH Zurich have developed innovative processes that make it possible to extract CO 2 from the atmosphere and, together with water and with the help of concentrated sunlight, convert it into a synthesis gas that can be used to produce jet fuel.

2020 244

ReactWell licenses ORNL catalyst for direct conversion of CO2 to ethanol

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ReactWell , LLC, has licensed a novel waste-to-fuel technology from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to improve energy conversion methods for cleaner, more efficient oil and gas, chemical and bioenergy production. ReactWell will bring ORNL’s electrochemical process, which converts carbon dioxide directly into ethanol ( earlier post ), into the company’s existing conversion solution known as the ReactWell process.

2019 257

Waste Management and Renmatix to explore conversion of urban waste to low-cost cellulosic sugar via supercritical hydrolysis

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Waste Management, Inc. and Renmatix, a manufacturer of biobased sugar intermediates for global chemical and fuel markets, have entered into a joint development agreement (JDA) to explore the feasibility of converting post-consumer waste into affordable, sufficient-quality sugars for manufacturing biobased materials using Renmatix’ supercritical hydrolysis technology. The preheated slurry is further treated with hot compressed water and undergoes a rapid reaction.

2012 232

New version of Argonne lifecycle model for water footprint of biofuels now includes cellulosic feedstocks

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of the online tool Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources ( WATER ) this week. This latest version of WATER allows, for the first time, biofuels manufacturers to analyze water consumption associated with use of cellulosic feedstocks such as residue left from lumber production and other wood-based resources. WATER adopts a water footprint methodology, and contains extensive climate, land use, water resource, and process water data.

2015 210

Novel pathway for aviation fuel from food waste–derived volatile fatty acids (VFA) could lead to 70% blends, up to 165% reduction in GHG

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Life cycle analysis showed up to 165% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions relative to fossil jet if the food waste is diverted from landfills to produce VFA-SAF. In the process, anaerobic digestion of west waste is arrested prior to methanogensis to generate VFAs (C 3 -C 8 ).

Waste 227

Free piston/ORC system for automotive waste heat recovery being tested at University of Brighton

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A prototype automotive waste heat recovery system has been fired up on a recently commissioned test rig at the University of Brighton. The organic Rankine cycle test rig uses a novel linear free piston expander from Libertine ( earlier post ) to overcome the technical and economic barriers to using Rankine cycle technology for automotive waste heat recovery. In addition, the system provides a larger single-stage expansion ratio which suits ethanol/water Rankine cycles.

2015 197

Argonne LCA study finds many alternative fuels consume more water than petroleum and natural gas fuels

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have analyzed the water consumption for transportation fuels in the United States using an extended lifecycle system boundary that includes the water embedded in intermediate processing steps. In a paper published in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science , they compared the water consumed per unit energy and per km traveled in light-duty vehicles. Biomass Fuels Hydrogen Lifecycle analysis Power Generation Water

2016 150

KIT team produces synthetic natural gas from waste wood; used in natural gas vehicles

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The pilot plant was designed and tested by researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Research Centre of the German Technical and Scientific Association for Gas and Water (DVGW). Biogas facilities produce renewable gas mainly by fermenting biological waste. In countries with a large forestry sector, such as Finland or Sweden, there is a high potential for the production of SNG from waste wood.

2018 224

RWE Power/BRAIN expanding work on waste gas CO2 microbial conversion project

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The joint project, which started two years ago, aims at converting CO 2 into biomass or directly into secondary raw materials with the help of micro-organisms bred to explore innovative CO 2 conversion and synthesis pathways. RWE Power intends to go beyond the current project focus as the utility company plans to examine other carbon-rich waste streams—e.g. by sewage water, the production of food or refinery processes.

2012 190

Dearman-led consortium awarded $3.1M to develop waste-heat-recovery system using liquid air engine

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The Dearman project is to deliver a production-feasible waste-heat recovery system for urban commercial vehicles, which offers life-cycle CO 2 savings of up to 40%; fuel savings of 25%, with the potential of up to almost 50%; and potential payback in less than three years. Ambient or low grade waste heat is used as an energy source with the cryogen providing both the working fluid and heat sink. Engines Vehicle Systems Waste Heat Recovery

2014 214

ORNL team devises electrocatalyst for direct conversion of CO2 into ethanol with high selectivity; pushing the combustion reaction in reverse

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed an electrocatalyst which operates at room temperature and in water for the electroreduction of dissolved CO 2 with high selectivity for ethanol. With the help of the nanotechnology-based catalyst which contains multiple reaction sites, the solution of carbon dioxide dissolved in water turned into ethanol with a yield of 63%. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Ethanol

2016 237

Carbon Recycling International and Johnson Matthey collaborate on sustainable methanol

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This can be recovered from either industrial processes or biomass, such as waste and residues, or atmospheric sources. Where a renewable electricity source is available, hydrogen can be generated by water electrolysis using MW-scale electrolyzer technology.

Siemens introduces new Organic Rankine module for waste heat recovery

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Siemens recently introduced an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) module for industrial plants or power stations for the conversion of waste heat to electricity. Because waste heat produced in industrial plants or power stations often does not have enough energy to drive a turbine with steam, the Siemens ORC module system employs silicone oils, which have a lower enthalpy of vaporization than water. The oil absorbs the waste heat energy by way of a heat exchanger.

2014 200

LanzaTech collaborating with Swayana to convert waste gases from ferroalloy production to ethanol

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South African engineering company Swayana has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with LanzaTech to collaborate on developing projects for the production of ethanol and higher value products from waste gases in the ferroalloy and titania smelting sectors. As the reaction proceeds the end-products are recovered and separated from the water, which can be returned to the bioreactor, and prepared for their intended downstream markets.

2017 150

Researchers Show New Piezeoelectrochemical Effect Can Scavenge Energy Wastes Such as Noise or Vibration to Generate Hydrogen Via Water Splitting

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H 2 and O 2 are produced by deforming a ZnO fiber or BaTiO 3 dendrite in water via oxidation-reduction reactions. Materials scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have discovered a phenomenon—the direct conversion of mechanical energy to chemical energy—which they termed the piezoelectrochemical (PZEC) effect. They then applied the PZEC effect to generate hydrogen and oxygen via direct water splitting.

2010 183

Blue Marble Biomaterials launches first zero-waste chemical biorefinery

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A photobioreactor and algae perform the “water recycling”; the pelletized solid waste material will be used in the gasifier. has launched the first zero-waste chemical biorefinery in the US in Missoula, Montana. The facility will produce 72 tons of fine chemicals a year and only purified water and pellet fuel for wood-boilers as its waste. If we have fixed feedstock [such as the waste spent grain], we have price stability.

2011 284

Waste Management makes strategic investment in waste-to-syngas company Agnion

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Waste Management has made a strategic investment in Agnion Energy , Inc. Waste Management joins other investors in Agnion including,Kleiner Perkins Caufield Byers, Munich Venture Partners and Wellington Partners. Water vapor is used for this purpose in the Heatpipe-Reformer. Waste Management wants to maximize the value of the materials it manages. —Tim Cesarek, managing director of Organic Growth at Waste Management.

2011 204

DOE to award $35M for bioenergy feedstock and algae R&D

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DE-FOA-0002423 ) Topic Areas ins the FOA support DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office’s (BETO’s) objectives to reduce the minimum selling price of drop-in biofuels, lower the cost of biopower, and enable high-value products from biomass or waste resources. Topic Areas include: Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Enable Production of Conversion-Ready Feedstocks (up to $15M). Algae Algal Fuels Biorefinery Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels

2020 273

Caltech engineers devise new thermochemical cycle for water splitting for H2; recyclable, non-toxic, non-corrosive and at lower temperatures

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The thermochemical production of hydrogen and oxygen from water via a series of chemical reactions is of interest because it directly converts thermal energy into stored chemical energy (hydrogen and oxygen), and thus can take advantage of excess heat given off by other processes. Research on thermochemical water splitting cycles largely began in the 1960s and 1970s and involved nuclear reactors and solar collectors as the energy sources, the team notes in their paper.

2012 190

Researchers develop new stable artificial photosynthesis device to produce ethylene and hydrogen from sunlight and CO2

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By understanding how materials and devices transform under operation, we can design approaches that are more durable and thus reduce waste. Electron microscopy experiments at the Molecular Foundry confirmed that cuprous oxide quickly oxidizes or corrodes within minutes of exposure to light and water. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Solar fuels

Electrolyzed Water for More Efficient Fuel Production from Ethanol Waste Products

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Using electrolyzed water rather than harsh chemicals could be a more effective and environmentally friendly method in the pretreatment of ethanol waste products to produce an acetone-butanol-ethanol fuel mix, according to research conducted at the University of Illinois. When ethanol is produced, distiller’s dried grain with solubles (DDGS) is a waste product. This is an example of less inhibitor production with electrolyzed water compared with the traditional method.

2009 150

Rice team demonstrates plasmonic hot-electron solar water-splitting technology; simpler, cheaper and efficient

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Researchers at Rice have demonstrated an efficient new way to use solar energy for water splitting. Structure and mechanism of operation of plasmonic photocathode for plasmon-mediated direct electron injection to drive solar-to-chemical energy conversion. (a) a) Plasmonic photocathode for solar water splitting, consisting of plasmonic nanoparticles in direct contact with water, p-NiO x as an electron blocking layer, and aluminum as the electrode material. (b)

2015 233

DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office updates Multi-Year Program Plan; focus on wet wastes

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The latest version of the MYPP presents a merged conversion R&D section; the renaming of the demonstration and market transformation area; and emerging work in wet waste-to-energy feedstocks. BETO says that wet wastes represent an underused feedstock and an emerging pathway to advanced biofuels that has the potential to greatly contribute to BETO’s near-term and long-term advanced biofuel and bioproduct goals. R&D on biomass conversion technologies.

2015 200

Lifecycle Study Finds Algae as Bioenergy Feedstock Has Higher Environmental Impacts than Conventional Crops in Energy Use, GHG Emissions, and Water Use; The Importance of Using Waste Streams

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Model scope includes all upstream processing of biomass material; conversion to liquid or solid fuel is intentionally excluded. Terrestrial bioenergy feedstock crops such as switchgrass, canola and corn have lower environmental lifecycle impacts than algae in energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, and water regardless of cultivation location, according to a new lifecycle assessment by researchers at the University of Virginia. Schematic of systems considered in the study.

2010 195

DOE to award ~$96M for bioenergy research and development

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Topic areas within this FOA will advance DOE’s Bioenergy Technology Office’s objectives of reducing the price of drop-in biofuels; lowering the cost of biopower; and enabling high-value products from biomass or waste resources. Bio-Restore: Biomass to Restore Natural Resources (up to $8M): Quantifying the economic and environmental benefits associated with growing energy crops, with a focus on restoring water quality and soil health.

2020 174

DOE awards $35M to 15 projects in ARPA-E ECOSynBio program to reduce carbon footprint of biofuel production

Green Car Congress

These fermentation processes create carbon as a byproduct, with some processes wasting more than 1/3 of this carbon as CO 2 emissions. As a result, there is a critical need to create new pathways for biofuel conversion that reduces carbon waste, prevents the loss of CO 2 emissions, and in turn, maximizes the amount of renewable fuel a conversion process yields. A Microbial Consortium Enables Complete Feedstock Conversion - $1,574,966.00.

Carbon 252

DOE awards $97M to 33 bioenergy research and development projects

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These projects will improve the performance and lower the cost and risk of technologies that can be used to produce biofuels, biopower, and bioproducts from biomass and waste resources. Scale-Up of the Primary Conversion Reactor to Generate a Lignin-Derived Cyclohexane Jet Fuel. Scale-up and Qualification of Net-Zero Sustainable Aviation Fuels from Wet Waste. Microchannel Reactor for Ethanol to n-Butene Conversion. Electrolyzers For CO 2 Conversion from BioSources.

2020 174

Joule expands solar CO2 conversion platform to produce renewable gasoline and jet hydrocarbons

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Joule, the developer of a direct, single-step, continuous process for the production of solar hydrocarbon fuels ( earlier post ), has extended its solar CO 2 conversion platform to produce renewable gasoline- and jet fuel-range hydrocarbons. Joule has engineered photosynthetic biocatalysts that convert waste CO 2 into hydrocarbons through a patented, continuous process.

2013 233

Maersk invests in electrofuels startup Prometheus Fuels

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Prometheus’ fuel production process starts with direct air capture of CO 2 , which is then moved to an electrochemical stack where the carbon is combined with hydrogen molecules from water to create long-chain alcohols. The alcohols are filtered out from the process water, and then a final catalyst step combines the alcohols and recovers the water. Earlier this month Maersk invested in WasteFuel, a California-based startup producing green bio-methanol from waste.

Fuel 183

Perspective: Drive Star Conversion Program Could Cut US Oil Use in Half by 2020

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Even on land, getting oil from tar sands depletes water and other resources and doubles oil’s carbon footprint. We’ve already decided we’re going to fix already-built houses, offices and factories that waste energy. Cash for Conversions” will start by fixing many of our 100 million trucks, vans, and buses. Our effort will inspire other startups to accelerate development of liquid fuels from algae and agricultural waste products.

2010 218

USDA provides $91M loan guarantee to Cool Planet for biogasoline blendstock plant; biomass pyrolysis and catalytic conversion

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Cool Planet has devised a biomass-to-liquids thermochemical conversion process that simultaneously produces liquid fuels and sequesterable biochar useful as a soil amendment. A precise amount of ground biomass is fed into a moving tray; at the first heating and processing stage, the function is to drive off entrapped water, and to perform the first step of de-hydration of the biomass while mechanically compacting it for more effective heat transfer at later stages of processing.

2014 255

NextFuels introduces hydrothermal process to produce biofuels from wet, unprocessed waste; solution for palm plantation residue

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Biofuels company NextFuels introduced its hydrothermal process for economically producing transportation and industrial fuels from wet, unprocessed agricultural waste. to 6 metric tons of agricultural waste is generated for each metric ton of oil. Biomass is placed into the plant mixed with water. There is no such thing as waste. Naber (2008) HTU Diesel From Wet Waste Stream (presentation at Symposium New Biofuels, Berlin).

2013 197

New simple, energy-efficient process for the direct production of renewable diesel from biomass waste

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A team at the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia (Spain) has designed a new simple, energy-efficient process (that also does not require any organic solvents) for the production of renewable diesel from biomass waste. This strategy implies that, owing to the polarity of the products, water separation by distillation is not required, but an automatic, energy-neutral physical separation of (intermediate) products from water will occur reducing energy consumption in the process.

2011 246

Panasonic develops thermoelectric tubes for compact geothermal electricity generation and waste heat recovery

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Panasonic has developed novel thermoelectric tubes designed for fluid heat sources such as hot water and steam. Panasonic says that its thermoelectric tube is suited for capturing unused or wasted heat from hot springs and factories. Panasonic’s thermoelectric conversion tube. W of electricity by running hot water of 90 °C inside, and cold water of 10 °C outside the tube.

2011 209

ARPA-E adds five new funding topics to FOA to advance critical energy innovation

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Waste into X (WiX); $5.0 With nearly 2 billion tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) generated globally, this feedstock may constitute the largest resource for the recovery of CMs and other metals. ARPA-E Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Infrastructur

2020 286

UC Riverside team develops new high efficiency method for conversion of biomass to biofuels

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This reduces the water content of the reaction to maximize the amount of actual solids that can be loaded and also conserve heat and energy. Compared to other available biomass solvents, THF is well-suited for this application because it mixes homogeneously with water, has a low boiling point (66 ?C) Lignocellulosic biomass, which is the only sufficiently prevalent sustainable resource for conversion into liquid transportation fuels, is the most abundant organic material on Earth.

2014 207