AirCapture, OCOchem and partners win $2.93M DOE grant for direct air capture of CO2 and conversion to formic acid

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Carbon dioxide capture company AirCapture and carbon dioxide conversion company OCOchem, along with other partners, have won a $2.93-million grant from the US Department of Energy to design and engineer an integrated carbon dioxide capture and conversion plant co-located at Nutrien’s Kennewick Fertilizer Operations plant in Kennewick, Wash. The proposed CO 2 capture and conversion plant will be instrumental in helping the company meet these goals.

Researchers develop titanium and copper heterostructured photocatalyst for conversion of CO2 into CH4

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Scientists at Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology, Korea, have developed a novel heterostructured photocatalyst using titanium and copper, two abundant and relatively inexpensive metals, for the conversion of CO 2 into CH 4. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels

2020 269
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Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 334

BMW i Ventures invests in Prometheus Fuels; CO2 air-capture and conversion to carbon-neutral gasoline

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The conversion of CO 2 to fuels in these inexpensive water-based systems has shown high faradic efficiencies for reduction of CO 2. The separation of ethanol and other fuel products from water. A previous obstacle to the aqueous CO 2 electrolysis pathway has been the difficulty of separating ethanol and other alcohols from water. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Fuels Vehicle Manufacturers

2020 257

Evonik and Siemens Energy commission pilot plant for conversion of CO2 to chemicals

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Evonik and Siemens Energy commissioned a pilot plant—sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)—that uses carbon dioxide and water to produce chemicals. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Market Background

2020 217

Surrey team developing direct-air-capture CO2 to methanol process

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One of the biggest advantages to direct air capture technology is that it does not rely on extensive land and water use, unlike alternatives such as biomass. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts MethanolResearchers at the University of Surrey (UK) are developing a process to capture carbon dioxide directly from the air and then use dynamic catalysis to create methanol—a valuable chemical that, made this way, could be carbon-negative.

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Lufthansa, ETH Zürich, Climeworks & Synhelion to cooperate on Sustainable Aviation Fuels; CO2 capture & solar thermochemical conversion

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The researchers and engineers at ETH Zurich have developed innovative processes that make it possible to extract CO 2 from the atmosphere and, together with water and with the help of concentrated sunlight, convert it into a synthesis gas that can be used to produce jet fuel.

2020 235

Twelve and LanzaTech successfully convert CO2 to ethanol

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Twelve and LanzaTech are eliminating fossil fuels from ethanol production by converting CO 2 to CO through Twelve’s carbon transformation technology (a new class of CO 2 -reducing catalysts and a novel device that splits CO 2 with just water and renewable electricity as inputs), and subsequently using LanzaTech’s small Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) to convert CO to ethanol. Biotech Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Ethanol Fuels

ReactWell licenses ORNL catalyst for direct conversion of CO2 to ethanol

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ReactWell , LLC, has licensed a novel waste-to-fuel technology from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to improve energy conversion methods for cleaner, more efficient oil and gas, chemical and bioenergy production. ReactWell will bring ORNL’s electrochemical process, which converts carbon dioxide directly into ethanol ( earlier post ), into the company’s existing conversion solution known as the ReactWell process.

2019 249

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The EU-funded SOLAR-JET project has demonstrated the production of aviation kerosene from concentrated sunlight, CO 2 captured from air, and water. SOLAR-JET ( S olar chemical reactor demonstration and O ptimization for L ong-term A vailability of R enewable JET fuel) uses sunlight in a concentrated solar reactor to convert CO 2 and water to syngas (a mixture of hydrogen and CO), which is then processed in a Fischer-Tropsch reactor to aviation kerosene.

2014 220

PNNL team develops new low-cost method to convert captured CO2 to methane

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By using a water-lean post-combustion capture solvent, (N-(2-ethoxyethyl)-3-morpholinopropan-1-amine) (2-EEMPA), they achieved a greater than 90% conversion of captured CO 2 to hydrocarbons—mostly methane—in the presence of a heterogenous Ru catalyst under relatively mild reaction conditions (170 °C and 2 pressure). But these traditional solvents have relatively high water content, making methane conversion difficult.

PCC SE and Landsvirkjun to convert silicon metal plant CO2 emissions to methanol

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The process of methanol synthesis requires the input of pure carbon dioxide and hydrogen from water electrolysis, with the only by-product being oxygen and water. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Hydrogen Production Market Background Methanol

Oxford team directly converts CO2 to jet fuel using iron-based catalysts

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The catalyst shows a carbon dioxide conversion through hydrogenation to hydrocarbons in the aviation jet fuel range of 38.2%, with a yield of 17.2%, and a selectivity of 47.8%, and with an attendant low carbon monoxide (5.6%) and methane selectivity (10.4%).

2020 397

New system for more efficient CO2 electrolysis to hydrocarbon products

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The researchers combined a copper electrocatalyst with an ionomer [polymers that conduct ions and water] assembly that intersperses sulfonate-lined paths for the H 2 O with fluorocarbon channels for the CO 2. 2020) “CO2 electrolysis to multicarbon products at activities greater than 1 A cm -2.”

2020 328

Johnson Matthey launches HyCOgen; converting CO2 and green hydrogen into sustainable aviation fuel

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Johnson Matthey has launched HyCOgen, a technologyt designed to play a pivotal role in enabling the conversion of captured carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and green hydrogen into sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). HyCOgen, Johnson Matthey’s Reverse Water Gas Shift technology, is a catalyzed process to convert green hydrogen and CO 2 into carbon monoxide (CO), which is combined with additional hydrogen to form synthesis gas (syngas), a crucial building block in the manufacture of fuels and chemicals.

2019 Keeling Curve Prize winners include Opus 12; conversion of CO2 into fuels and chemicals

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water and electricity to produce higher-energy carbon-based products and a co-product of pure oxygen. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) FuelsThe Keeling Curve Prize (KCP) has selected 10 winners for 2019, among them Opus 12 (Berkeley, California) which is developing a device that recycles CO? into cost-competitive chemicals and fuels. Earlier post.). The Opus 12 process—based on the electrochemical reduction of CO 2 —combines CO?,

2019 180

MIT researchers propose mechanism for overcoming bottleneck in electroreduction of CO2

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The findings could spur progress on developing a variety of materials and designs for electrochemical carbon dioxide conversion systems. This unwanted reaction uses up energy and greatly reduces the overall efficiency of the conversion process, the researchers found.

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Researchers develop efficient single-atom Ni catalyst for conversion of CO2 to CO

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While Ni metal catalyzes the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) exclusively under CO 2 RR conditions, Ni single atomic sites present a high CO selectivity of 95% under an overpotential of 550 mV in water, and an excellent stability over 20 hours’ continuous electrolysis. The anion membrane electrode assembly prevented the direct contact between the catalyst and liquid water, maximally suppressing the H 2 evolution side reaction and facilitating the CO 2 mass transport.

2018 183

Columbia University engineers make breakthrough in understanding electroreduction of CO2 for conversion to electrofuels

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Recent research in electrocatalytic CO 2 conversion points the way to using CO 2 as a feedstock and renewable electricity as an energy supply for the synthesis of different types of fuel and value-added chemicals such as ethylene, ethanol, and propane. They applied a comprehensive suite of experimental and theoretical methods to identify the structure of the first intermediate of CO 2 electroreduction: carboxylate CO2 - that is attached to the surface with C and O atoms.

2018 174

S. Korean researchers develop new catalytic pathway for direct conversion of CO2 to liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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A team led by Professor Jae Sung Lee at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), with colleagues at Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), have developed a new pathway for the direct conversion of CO 2 to liquid transportation fuels by reaction with renewable hydrogen produced by solar water splitting. Hence, this report focuses on the catalytic CO 2 -to-liquid fuel conversion (CO 2 FT synthesis) with renewable H 2.

2016 213

Researchers develop new stable artificial photosynthesis device to produce ethylene and hydrogen from sunlight and CO2

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Electron microscopy experiments at the Molecular Foundry confirmed that cuprous oxide quickly oxidizes or corrodes within minutes of exposure to light and water. In artificial photosynthesis research, researchers have typically used water as the electrolyte in the reduction of carbon dioxide into renewable chemicals or fuels, such as ethylene and hydrogen—but water contains hydroxide ions, which leads to instability.

GWU team uses one-pot process to co-generate H2 and solid carbon from water and CO2; solar fuels

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One-pot electrolytic process produces H 2 and solid carbon from water and CO 2. A team at George Washington University led by Professor Stuart Licht has simultaneously co-generated hydrogen and solid carbon fuels from water and CO 2 using a mixed hydroxide/carbonate electrolyte in a “single-pot” electrolytic synthesis at temperatures below 650 ?C. 2014), “A One-Pot Synthesis of Hydrogen and Carbon Fuels from Water and Carbon Dioxide,” Adv.

2014 200

New highly efficient catalyst for photoelectrochemical CO2 reduction toward methane

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The copper and iron hold onto molecules by their carbon and oxygen atoms, buying time for hydrogen to make the leap from the water molecule fragments onto the carbon atom. It can use the sun’s energy or an electrical current to break down the carbon dioxide and water.

2020 298

Evonik and Siemens launch phase 2 of Rheticus: butanol, hexanol from CO2 and water using renewable electricity and bacteria

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The goal is to develop an efficient and powerful test plant that will use carbon dioxide and water as well as electricity from renewable sources and bacteria to produce specialty chemicals. In a first step, carbon dioxide and water are converted into carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen in electrolyzers with the aid of electricity. Artificial photosynthesis means combining chemical and biological steps so that energy can be used to produce viable chemicals from CO 2 and water.

2019 163

Audi in new e-fuels project: synthetic diesel from water, air-captured CO2 and green electricity; “Blue Crude”

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Audi’s latest e-fuels project is participation in a a pilot plant project in Dresden that produces diesel fuel from water, CO 2 and green electricity. The sunfire plant, which operates according to the “power-to-liquid” (PtL) principle, requires carbon dioxide, water and electricity as raw materials. In a separate process, a solid oxide electrolysis (SOEC) unit powered with green electricity splits water into hydrogen and oxygen.

2014 315

Twelve produces first batch of E-Jet fuel from CO2 electrolysis; partnership with USAF; electrifying fuel, not planes

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Twelve’s jet fuel, produced using its carbon transformation technology in partnership with Fischer-Tropsch conversion experts Emerging Fuels Technology ( earlier post ), is a fossil-free fuel that offers a drop-in replacement for petrochemical-based alternatives without any changes to existing plane design or commercial regulations. Aviation & Aerospace Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Electrofuels Fuels

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RPI researchers to develop novel porous material for air capture of CO2

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In those areas, we can use this technology to capture CO2 from the air and then combine that with the hydrogen generated from solar energy in order to produce liquid fuel. In his previous work, he’s developed membranes capable of capturing CO 2 while filtering-out other molecules like water. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Market Background

2020 249

ORNL team devises electrocatalyst for direct conversion of CO2 into ethanol with high selectivity; pushing the combustion reaction in reverse

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed an electrocatalyst which operates at room temperature and in water for the electroreduction of dissolved CO 2 with high selectivity for ethanol. With the help of the nanotechnology-based catalyst which contains multiple reaction sites, the solution of carbon dioxide dissolved in water turned into ethanol with a yield of 63%. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Ethanol

2016 229

Researchers tailor catalyst microenvironments to enhance CO2 electroreduction to multicarbon products

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But those conditions are contrary to those that naturally occur in a typical fuel cell, which uses a water-based conductive material. These effects combined with a pulsed voltage result in substantially enhanced rates of CO 2 conversion to valuable carbon-rich products.

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China team develops efficient multifunctional catalyst for conversion of CO2 to gasoline-range hydrocarbons

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This catalyst exhibited 78% selectivity to C 5 -C 11 as well as low (4%) CH 4 at a CO 2 conversion of 22% under industrial relevant conditions. Moreover, the multifunctional catalyst exhibited a remarkable stability for 1,000 h on stream, showing potential to be a promising industrial catalyst for CO 2 conversion to liquid fuels. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts FuelsA research team led by Dr. Jian Sun and Prof.

2017 163

Elemental boron effective photothermocatalyst for the conversion of CO2 for fuels and chemicals

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Researchers in Japan and China developed an efficient method for CO 2 reduction over elemental boron catalysts in the presence of only water and light irradiation through a photothermocatalytic process. This allowed the team to carry out the efficient reduction of CO 2 to form carbon monoxide (CO) and methane (CH 4 ) under irradiation in the presence of water, with no additional reagents or co-catalysts. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Emissions Fuels

2017 150

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Its first commercial-scale production plant obtains carbon dioxide from gas emissions from a geothermal power plant and hydrogen via electrolysis of water using renewable sources of energy from the Icelandic power grid (from hydro, geothermal and wind sources).

2015 205

DGIST-led team improves efficiency of photocatalyst for conversion of atmospheric CO2 to hydrocarbon fuels

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Carbon dioxide gas and water vapor moved through the chamber, passing over the catalyst. The blue titania catalyst converts the energy in sunlight into charges that are transferred to the carbon and hydrogen molecules in carbon dioxide and water to convert them into methane and ethane gases. The photocatalyst has a very high conversion efficiency and is relatively easy to manufacture, making it advantageous for commercialization.

2019 172

New one-pot conversion of CO2 to polycarbonate copolymers

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Researchers at Texas A&M have developed a two-step, one-pot conversion of CO 2 and epoxides (highly reactive compounds with a three-membered ring made of two carbon atoms and one oxygen atom) to polycarbonate block copolymers that contain both water-soluble and hydrophobic regions and can aggregate into nanoparticles or micelles. Subsequently a “thiol–ene click reaction” can be used to simply “click” a water-soluble group into place at the double bond.

2015 188

Researchers develop wave-energy-driven CO2 reduction system for production of carbon-based liquid fuels

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Under simulated waves, the system can produce 2.798 µmol of formic acid per day via the wave energy harvested from a water’s surface area of 0.04 Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Power-to-Liquids Wave and Tidal

2019 311

New plasma synthesis process for one-step conversion of CO2 and methane into higher value fuel and chemicals

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Instead of using H 2 , direct conversion of CO 2 with CH 4 (dry reforming of methane, DRM) to liquid fuels and chemicals (e.g. Moreover, it is a cheap carbon source which can increase the atom utilization of CO 2 hydrogenation due to the stoichiometric ratio of C and O atoms, as well as reducing the formation of water. … The experiment was carried out in a coaxial dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor with a novel water electrode at atmospheric pressure and room temperature.

2017 174

EPFL team develops on-board system to capture CO2 from trucks; reducing emissions by 90%

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First, the vehicle’s flue gases in the exhaust pipe are cooled down and the water is separated from the gases. The researchers’ calculations show that a truck using 1 kg of conventional fuel could produce 3kg of liquid CO 2 , and that the conversion does not involve any energy penalty.

2019 286

Snam and Saipem sign MoU to work together on green hydrogen development and CO2 capture

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Snam and Saipem have already started working together, focusing in particular on developing the technology of water electrolysis, a process that makes it possible to reduce CO 2 emissions to zero in the production of green hydrogen. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Market Background Oil Power-to-Gas

2020 256

Light over heat: UV-driven rhodium nanoparticles catalyze conversion of CO2 to methane

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Duke University researchers have engineered rhodium nanoparticles that can harness the energy in ultraviolet light and use it to catalyze the conversion of carbon dioxide to methane, a key building block for many types of fuels. CO 2 hydrogenation on transition metals at atmospheric pressure proceeds through two competing pathways: CO 2 methanation (CO 2 +4H 2 →CH 4 + 2 H 2 O) and reverse water gas shift (RWGS, CO 2 +H 2 →CO+H 2 O).

2017 150

New inexpensive catalyst for conversion of CO2 to CO could help with storage of renewable energy

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CO can then be reacted with H 2 O via the water?gas As such, development of Bi-based cathodes for conversion of CO 2 to CO would represent an important development for the fields of CO 2 electrocatalysis and renewable energy conversion. Used in conjunction with ionic liquids, it effected the electrocatalytic conversion of CO 2 to CO with appreciable current density at overpotentials below 0.2 Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Power Generation

2013 207

Earth-abundant electrocatalysts for the reduction of CO2 to CO

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Also, a spontaneous dissociation of absorbed COOH species to a water molecule and absorbed CO on Mo 2 C promote the CO 2 RR. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Fuels SustainabilityA team led by researchers form Temple University has developed earth-abundant electrocatalysts—Mo 2 C and Ti 3 C 2 MXenes—for the electroreduction of CO 2 to CO.

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Researchers show mixotrophic fermentation process improves carbon conversion, boosting yields and reducing CO2

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One way to mitigate high feedstock cost is to maximize conversion into the bioproduct of interest. This maximization, though, is limited because of the production of CO 2 during the conversion of sugar into acetyl-CoA in traditional fermentation processes. To avoid CO 2 emissions associated with H2-production, electrolysis of water powered by solar, wind or hydroelectricity would be a preferred source and has achieved a level of maturity and success.

2016 203

Molten carbonate electrolysis can produce a range of carbon nanomaterials, including graphene, from CO2 at high yield

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The utilization of the full spectrum of sunlight in STEP results in a higher solar energy efficiency than other solar conversion processes. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Graphene Solar

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